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A. S. SALLEY, Jr. 


Printed for the Society by 


Charleston, S. C. 




South Carolina Historical Society, 

May 19, 1905-May 19. 1906. 

Hon. Joseph W. Barnwell. 

1st Vice-President, 
Henry A. M. Smith, Esq. 

2d Vice-President, 
Hon. Theodore D. Jervey. 

3d Vice-President, 
Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4,th Vice-President, 
Hon. John B. Cleveland. 

Secretary and Treasurer and Librarian. 
W. A. Shealy,* Miss Mabel L. Webber. 

Curators : 

Langdon Cheves, Esq., D. E. Huger, Smith, Esq,, 

Charles W. Kollock, M. D., 

Rev. John Johnson, D. D., LL. D., 

Prof. Yates Snowden, Capt. Thomas Pinckney, 

Prof. C. J. Colcock, Hon. C. A. Woods, 

Hon. James Aldrich. 

Board of Managers, 
All of the foregoing officers. 

Publication Corimiittee, 
Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

♦Resigned In July, 1905. 



M AaAziisrE 




VOL. VII— No. 1 

JANUARV, 1906. 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as Second-class Matter. 

Printed for the Society by 


Charleston, S. C. 



Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 


Letters from the Marquis de Lafayette to Hon. Henry 

Laurens 3 

Letters from John C. Calhoun to Francis "W. Pickens.. 12 
Records of the Regiments of the S. C. Line, Continen- 
tal Establishment 20 

South Carolina Gleanings in England 27 

The Jervey Family of South Carolina 31 

Historical Notes 47 

N. B. These Magazines are one dollar each to any one 
other than a member of the South Carolina Historical 
Society. Members of the Society receive them free. The 
membership fee is $3 per annum (the fiscal year being from 
May 19th. to May 19th.), and members can buy back numbers 
or duplicates at 75c. each. In addition to receiving the 
Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 per cent, 
on all other publications of the Society, and have the free 
use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Address : South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 


The South CaroHna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VII. JANUAKY, 1906. No. i. 

TO HON. HENRY LAURENS, 1777-1780. 

Addressed: To 

the honorable Mr laurent 
Member of Congress 


dear sir 

Trouble some it will be to you for ever to have been 
so kind with me, because it seems me Now that I became 
ill right by my first obligations, of disturl)iiig you for my 
businesses. Tlierefore I take the liberty of roiiosing myself 
upon your triendship about one very great interest of my 
heart- T know that a large packet is arrived for my from 
france — it was told to some days ago to an officer in Phila- 
delphia, who finding an occasion for bristol proposed to send 
those letters to me; but it was answered at the post office 
that they were already sent — I heard too that a packet was 
arrived for Congress in w^hich some thing perhaps is in- 
cluded for me — I fancy that my dispatch must be in Mr 
Moriss's hands, and I adress myself to you because I do not 
knov^ in what place he lives 


Major giraat [?] who comes to day from Camp told to me 
that Mr John Laurent was in verj^ good health, you know 
already the niews from the army better than I do, and that 
the enemy crossed the sculchill 

the bearer of my Letter is a gentelaman who came with me 
upon my allowance that he would be employed, he is of a 
very good birth, and a sensible young man he wants only a 
commission of Lieutenant, and general connoway is de- 
sirous of having him in his brigade, as Congress did not 
comprehend him in sending back the others I hope that be 
will be received in our service, will you be so good to 
speak about it when you'l find some occasion 
My leg is about in the same state and without your kind- 
ness would be in a very bad one: for my heart is full of 
all the sentiment of gratitude and affection which I have the 
honor to be with 

Dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 

the Mquis de Lafayette 
bethlehem 25 September 1777 

Endorsed: Marquis de la Fayette^ 

25^' Sept^ 1777. 
Memorandum: Le chv. De La Colombe 
Jean puer ange 
De La Colombe 


Addressed: to 

the honorable Mr Laurent 
Member of Congress 

Dear Sir 

the bearer of my letter is Mr. dorset french officer who 

^ This endorsement is in the handwriting of Moses Young, some- 
time secretary to Hon. Henry Laurens. He adopted the usual error 
of dividing Lafayette's name into two words. Lafayette's own signa- 
ture shows the name as one word. 


(thro' I did not know him in france) desired me to add some 
words to his request, and to give him a letter for a member 
of Congress. I beg your pardon for choosing you amongst 
the others, but I see that my first obligations will be fol- 
lowed by great many others, what engaged me to grant to 
this genteleman the tavor of being addressed to you, is the 
zeal which he came over with in order to be employed in 
our service but that seems to me very difi&cult, though it 
could be advantageous to get officers who have made the 
War. I would have wrot rather to Mr Lovell if I did know 
where he lives now 

I congratulate you, Sir, and myself with you for the good 
niews which we beared about About the colonel's of the 
queen's Light dragoons rgt army. Ms royal master will not 
be very much satisfied with the conduct of that noble instru- 
ment of his justice, and I hope that we schall make too a 
proclamation one day or another before the walls of quebec. 

I am sir with the warmest affection 

Your most obedient servant 
the mquis de Lafayette 

the 27 September 1777 

I hope that you will be so good as to remember the Ms de 
Yalfort'sbusineses: I expect yet the young genteleman whom 
I desire some employment for, and I wishoud that he could 
arrive with my letters from france and the declaration of war 
betwen france an england 
Endorsed: The Marquis de la Fayette 
27*^ Sept^ 1777. 


dear Sir 

At Length I go to camp, and I see the end of my so tedious 
confinement. My wound (thro' the skin is not yet quite 
over) seems to me in so fine a way of recovery that I judge 
myself able to play my part in our first enga,gement. receive. 
Sir, as a good american, my very sincere compliments about 
the heroic bravery, and most finest action in germain town 


which illustrated one of your countrymen, who by the same 
time is so happy as to be a son of yours 
the bearer of my Letter is a french officer of reputation and 
merit who came here on board of an american privateer, and 
could not since three months get from Congress a yes or not 
about the proposition of being in our army at his own ex- 
pense, he is going back to home. I beg your pardon for 
giving you such accounts, but I think that it is better to let 
you know (between us) those little things. 
I heard with pleasure the promotions of Congress, and I 
hope that they will be confirmed; cannw^ay deserves such 
a distinction for his fighting so w^ell this Campaign, his com- 
ing here without particular arrangements, and his leaving a 
corps where he was actively employed and considered in as 
a man of great talents if we do'nt give in our army particular 
rewards to merit and good behaviour as in all well disciplined 
ones, all is lost. I speak not only for the first rancks but for 
those of soldiership as non commissioned officers &c. in 
going up to the first commissions 

do'nt forget Sir to mention to Congress that an immense 
quantity of clothes, are arrived from france I do'nt know 
where since last winter, and that our poor soldiers the re. 
spectuhle instruments of our glory and liberty are indecently 
nacked for the next one. I could answer in the name of the 
nation w^liich furnished them, that their destination is for 
general's Washington army which they ca'nt be taken a way 
from, without robbery. 

according to my most dearest friend Ms de valfort colonel 
in the french service, man as distinguished by his merit and 
reputation in war, as by his exquisite virtiie,I'l tell you. Sir, 
that Congress ca'nt do myself a greater pleasure than in 
engaging him to stay here as brigadier general. I know that 
he wo'nt accept it, perhaps (between us) the first reception 
disgusted him a little. I hope however that a very polite 
letter could make him receive the favor of Congress. I do'nt 
ask a brigade but only the rank to be in my familj^ whenl'l 
get a division of the army, he is sick at ten miles from 


yorck-town. I hope, Sir, that a second pacquet of letters is 
arrived for me because they have been seen by several 
officers, and some from the same pacquet belonging to them 
taken by themselves in the post office in lancaster, I'l be 
much obliged to you to send them to the head quarters by a 
express, for the first one as Mr bedaur dutch officer, and Mr 
buchanan americau, will say was that the post master told 
them in Philadelphia that he had sent a large pacquet for me 
I wishoud that you would be so good as to let the matter be 
cleared up by way of tryal if necessary, because I fear that 
some unknown spy should have done a little portent of it to 
his excellency general ho we. Therefore I'l have perhaps 
some knowledge of them in the english papers of the next 
months, and my orjly consolation would be to let the bearer 
be hano:'d 

I beg your pardon sir for a letter which I coul'd not aide 
myself through I could wrait it for your unhappiness. but I 
am in the hurry of my so pleasant departure, will you pre- 
sent my compliments to M. Lee and other members of Con- 
gress of my acquaintance, farewell, dear sir, I am with the 
most tender affection for ever 


the Mquis de Lafayette 
bethlehem for the last time 
the Saturday 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

18 Octob 1777 

Answ% 23''— 

Addressed : to 

the honorable 

Mr Laurens member of congress . 

York town 

head quarters the 27 October 
dear sir 

I'l wrait these few lines to trouble you again about 
busineses of mines — the bearer M. de la Colombe want's to 


beg from congress the commission of captain in our service 
— I spock to you about this gentleman — I wish heartily that 
he could succeed in his not very high pretensions — if notl'l 
reproach myself to have told to him in france that he should 
come over — he is the only one w^ho did not receive money 
from Congress to return home — because I promised to him 
that I w^ould ask employment in our army — 
I am with the sentiments of the most tender affection 

dear sir 

the Mquis de Lafayette 
Your son and his wound are in 
a prety good state 
Endorsed: Marquis de la fayette 

27 Octob 1777 Rec^ 1* N"ov. 


the honorable 

Mr Laurens president of the [undecipherable 
word] Oonojress 

York town 

Head quarters 18 november 1777 
dear Sir 

it is now to the president of Congress as well as to a 
friend of mine that I have two rights of being troublesome 
for my own, and sometimes for strangers businesses — my sen- 
timents upon your election are as follows — it will engage 
you in infinifee, difficult, tedious, occupations, on the other 
side I think that Congress pay'd to you a due and con- 
venient mark of his Consideration, I think too that the ad- 
vantage of justice, equity, public interest is much concerned 
in such a choice— therefore if compliments are to be done 
'tis not to the niew president. 


At being honourd with the name of french, I consider it my 
duty to recommend you every honest countryman of mine 
when desired — tho' de la balme the late inspector of our 
cavalry told me that he intends to apply to Congress for a 
certain sum of monney which is acknowledged belonging to 
him, but is to be pay'd in paper currency, when expected in 
hard monney — I assured him that he would find in you and 
Congress all the justice he could wish and in same time it 
was impossible (tho' in such a case it must be useless) to re- 
fuse mention ning his name to you. 

I told very long ago to Mr Lovell, that a french officer be- 
longing to the head (according to the American expression) 
to my family, was left in Salisbury north Carolina, and de- 
tained there by sickness — I desired Mr Lovell to send him 
(, on my account if he judged it to be better) every supplie 
of monney he could want, — I desired him to facilitate by 
the same occasion the carrying some baggage left in the 
same place — I have been answered very politely that every 
proper measures were taken and for the trunks and for the 
officer whom I prevented being inclosed in the general late 
arrangement for sending back all the gentelimen of the 
french army arrived with me — as I have seen just now a let- 
ter from the same Mr Capitaine dated Salsbury the 28 Octo- 
ber Where he seems very much concerned to be left by me 
since five months in a inn at a very great expense and there- 
fore engnged in many debts, without releiving any one, and 
any direction, I incline to believe that some thing was mis- 
understood in it. ^ 
You know Sir, that Mr de Conway is going home. — as that 
gentleman is well acquainted with our wants of every kind 
I mean cloathes &c. I mean principall}^ cartridge boxes that 
so very excellent part of militarj^ drest, which seems have 
more done to receive than to prevent raining in, if in short 
his care could be of some use to us, I think that I schould 
know it before his departure from Reading — Mr Connoway 
will do great many things for Congress itself, but however 
as we'l meet again together in france I would do some for 


me — I have seen with great pleasure the baron de Kalb in 
the army, and am fully convinced of his being useful to our 

You heard as soon almost as mj^self of all the interesting 
niews on the delaware — the gallant defense of our posts de- 
serves praises — praise and her daughter emulation are the 
necessary attendants of an army — I am told that Major 
Henry and captain du Mellis have done their dut}' — it is a 
pleasant enjoyment for my mind, when some frenchmen be- 
have a la francoise, and I can assure you that every one who 
in the defense of our noble cause will show himself worthy 
of his country shall be mentioned in the most high terms to 
the King, ministry, and my friends of france when I'l be 
back in my natal air. 

if I had not in creation that kind of men who are alwais 
complaining what was neglected, without thinking of what 
is now to be done, I schould express you my being surprised 
that when so many ingeniers or self thinking enginiers were 
disputing their ranks in Philadelphia, none of them has been 
employed with me to fortify again that so important pas- 
sage in the river — I fancy that colonel portal is now brig- 
adier general, and for my being very sensible of his merit 
moderation and honest mind, I'l be very glad to see him 
enabled to be more useful yet than ho would have been 

I hear from every where every moment of war between 
france and england — how many reasons I have to wish it of 
all my heart, it would be too long to explain— but my known 
in the whole world love of your cause, my warm patriotism, 
my sentiments very warm too against the english pride, all 
can answer for my good warlike intentions — what dis- 
appoints me to the last degree is the unhappy ignorance 
where I live in of all my friends, connexions in france, of 
all what can be dearest to my heart, when I am sure that 
some of 'em don't miss a single day without wraiting some 
lines to me— as soon as I'l receive some important intelli- 
gence, it shall be laid immediately before Congress — how I 


am sincerely and warmly concerned in the cause of liberty, 
how I'l employ every exertion in my power to serve your 
interests, it will be known as far as your confidence will in- 
trust me with the occasions of throwing the feeble dis- 
positions or talents which nature or art gave me in a way 
where I dare say that I have some hopes to succeed. 
Though I am near a very hot fire, however as my eyes fall 
in this moment upon the three poor quite naked fellows, it 
congeals my blood and obliges me to tell you again how 
happy I would be if our army was drest in a conifortable 
manner — that army is not a very strong one — great many 
losses and few recruits — indeed Sir I wish heartily that 
some changements in raising militia could help our inlisting 
continental soldiers — if the first part of that american militia 

was under our command and discipline 

Mr de la Balme is the bearer of my letter — his little for- 
tune does not en [rest of word cut off] to make sacrifices — 
I beg your pardon for so long a letter and I am, with the 
most tender aft'ection and highest esteem 

Dear Sir 
Your most obedient servant 

the Mis de Lafayette 
I received a Letter from Mr de valfort to let me know all his 
obligations towards you. tho' do'nt permit me my thanks 
of all your kindness, I ca'nt help joining my aknowledgraent 
to this of the poor colonel; I would be on the french shore 
to see the majestous and flue randolph coming in the har- 
bour and followed I hope by good many glorious prises. 

indorsed: Marquis de la fayette 
18 I^ovem- 1777 
Reed. 26^ ^ 

[ To be continued in the next number of this magazine,'] 



Fort Hill 
1^' April 1845 
My dear Sir, 

I do not think the object of M' Polk in the for- 
mation ot his Cabinet was such as you suppose. I am of 
the impression, that he does not contemplate the adjustment 
of the Tariff* as a part of his system of policy, but on the 
contrary it is to take, under another name, Gen\ Jackson's 
position of a judicious Tariff, as a middle s^round between 
the free trade party and the advocates of the protective 
system.^ He intends his administration, as a continuation, 
if I may so say, of the Jackson dynasty; and has accordingly 
formed it altogether of individuals, who stuck to Gen' Jack- 
son to the last. It was formed in Tennessee before he left 
home; but considerably changed after his arrival at Wash- 
ington. A highly respectable Senator told me he saw the 
list, in Gen' Jackson's hand writing. It consisted of Bu- 
chanan for the State Dep*. one of the for 
the Treasury, Stevenson of Virginia for the War, Bancroft 
for the Navy, Johnson for the Post Office & Walker At- 
torney General. The changes were forced on him. His 
opponents clearly prove, that he intends to give the influence 
to the wing of the party, which was defeated at Baltimore. ^ 
There must be some mistake on the part of our Mont- 
gomery friends, in saying that I approved of the arrange- 

* In .the possession of Mrs. John E. Bacon, Tryon, N. C. They were 
not printed in the volume of Calhoun letters issued by the American 
Historical Association in 1900. 

* Marginal Note: "How Httle verified by the facts afterwards—" 
2 Marginal Note: "How totally at variance with the facts — Marcy 

Secty of War— a bitter opponent of Van Buren.-" 


ment of the Cabinet, on the Authorizing of Lewis & Bel- 
cher. I said little on that subject, for reason's which are 
obvious; and what little I did say, was to intimate friends. 
Lewis knows I was not, nor^is he, or scarcely any other 
Southern man. The error probably originated in their say- 
ing, that as far as I was concerned personally, I was satis- 
lied. I was rather relieved, than otherwise, in not being in- 
vited to continue, as I could not have remained, with what 
I conceived to be the object of Mr Polk's policy, had I been 
invited. Had I been, I could not have retired without in- 
curring the displeasure of a large portion of my friends, 
without assigning my reasons, & I could not have done that, 
without deeply offending the administration As it is, I re- 
tired without giving offence to anyone or incurring any re- 

I stopt a day in Richmond, where I saw all our prominent 
friends, and had much conversation with them & M"" Rit- 
chie. I found things in a very satisfactory state there, es- 
pecially on the free trade subject. You see their address to 
the people of Virginia, ^ signed by Ritchie, takes sound 
ground on that vital question. That & the movements in 
Parliament, will give great prominence to the questions at 
the next session. It is there the battle will have to be 
fought. I hope the whole South will back Virginia in her 

But to drop politicks & return to private matters. I can 
not but be greatly surprised at what you write, as to the 
course which Arthur Simkins threatens to take, on the 
mortgage. Arthur wrote to me on the subject of the in- 
stalment during the winter & I informed him, if my memory 
serves me that Andrew had been at Mobile & found cotton 
selling as low as 4 1/2 cents, and that he found it impossible 
to obtain an advance on his cotton, in consequence of the 
heavy advances, which the factors had made to the planters 
whose crops had not come down from the low state of the 

^ Marginal Note: ''Written by M^- Calhoun.'* 


river or other causes. I wrote to him, not to sell, unless he 
could get six cents, until the month of March, as I felt satis- 
fied there would be an advance in the price. I was con- 
fident that Great Britain would be compelled to repeal the 
duty on cotton & hoped, that the March Packet would bring 
intelligence of the fact. I said in my letter to Arthur, that 
he must indulge us under such circumstances, until we 
could sell, which would be in March. 1 heard nothing from 
him & concluded, that he had acquiesced in the arrange- 
ment. I would have sent for him the day I spent at the 
Cane Brake; but understood his wife was at the point of 
death, to converse with him on the subject. Under such 
circumstances 1 cannot [rest missing] 


Addressed: Hon: F. W. Pickens 
S. C. 
Postmarked: Pendleton S. C. 

Fort Hill 

21st Aug^ 1845 
Dear Sir, 

There will probably be no war with Mexico, or if one, 
of little consequence, unless there should be a prospect of a 
rupture between us & England in reference to Oregon. 
She is averse to war with us; but I do not see how war can 
be avoid, in reference to it, unless the administration should 
back out from the grounds taken in the Inaugural, so 
& so improperly. The west & the middle states seem deter- 
mined that Mr Polk should not back out, and I am sorry to 
see, some of our papers, & especially the Carolinian, chiming 
in with them. The question was in our hands and under 
our entire control, until the Inaugural appeared. It threw 
away, to use a gambler's phrase, our trulnp card; & gave 
England the control. I saw my way clearly & had the 


whole in the fairest train and informed M' Polk & Bu- 
chanan how to manage it to ensure success; and the danger 
of taking any other course. The whole territory, or at least 
all drained by the Columbia river* might have been had. 
They have acted directly opposite to the course I was pur- 
suing; and I hazard nothing in saying, that it must end^ in 
backing out, or a most disastrous & disreputable conflict to 

It still remains very dry in this region generally. I have 
not had any ground wet 2 inches in six weeks. My cotton 
crop which was very promising a month ago, will fall short 
a third at least. I shall make bread, although my upland, 
which is more than half my corn crop, will not make more 
than a third of a crop. 

M" Calhoun is at Glenn Springs. She writes that her 
health is rapidly improving. James accompanied her. 

The rest of the family join their love to you all. 
J. C. Calhoun. 
Hon: F. W.Pickens. 

Endorsed: M' Calhoun — 
Oregon & war 
Polk &c— 1846 

* Marginal Note: "This is exactly what the Adm^^— did gain and 
the treaty was made exactly on that basis. That was all Polk ever 
contended for, as he offered those precise terms and the British Min- 
ister rejected them with these remarkable words— until terms more 
reasonable are offered no further proposition could be considered, & 
then, in less than 6 months accepted the identical proposition. This 
proposition was then pending shewing beyond controversy what M^- 
Polk was for— at the same time the Adm^-Press & some imprudent 
Senators assumed The whole of Oregon or more; but M^' Polk did not 
— and when he said the just & entire rights of the country should be 
maintained fully we know what he meant — that was the country 
drained by the waters of the Oregon (never Frazier's river) and this 
is exactly what he did gain & assert & no more." 

^ Marginal Note : * 'There was no backing out & there was no war, 
& the truth is the only danger of war was from pursuing the course 



Addressed: Hon: F. W. Pickens 
S. Caro. 
Fostmarked: Pendleton S. C. 

Fort Hill 

23^ Sepr 1845 
Mj^ dear Sir, 

I do not think, if war should grow out of the 
Oregon question, that it will be only the pretex on the part 
of England, and that her real object will be the gulf of 
Mexico, Cuba, Florida & Texas. I do not doubt, that Eng- 
land feels an intense jealousy towards us; but I believe, & 
think I cannot be mistaken, she is exceedingly averse to a 
war with us at this time. If there be war about Oregon, 
she may certainly aim to strike blows at all the points, which 
you designate; but they will not be the object. The war, if 
it should come, and there is great danger it will, will be 
forced on her by the most besoted folly on our part, that a 
people & a government ever committed. The whole terri- 
tory would have fallen into our hands, if we had only had 
the sense to stand still, & adhered to the convention for 
its joint occupancy. 6 The greatest simple- ought to have 

of Mi-Calhoun — as he would have left it to time & emigration to set- 
tle up the disputed territory & the British Hudson Bay company 
would have brought on war, & we would have been draged into it by 
reckless adventurers whose interest in it would have been to produce 

^Marginal Note : ' 'If the joint occupancy treaty had remained our 
frontier adventurers would have constantly been brought into conflict 
with the British subjects in the employment of the Hudson Bay com- 
pany, as there were no ascertained boundaries between us & the fron- 
tier population would in fact have draged us into a war as they were 
interested for one to forage an army with its disbursements." 

Marginal Note: "The only way to prevent certain conflict was to 
give notice to terminate the joint occupancy treaty & fix the bounda- 
ries which we had an express right to do by the terms of the treaty 


seen, that, if we made it a question of force (as the wording 
of the Convention would) that we would lose the security, 
& that, if it was settled by negotiation, we could not get the 
whole; and that the only possible mode by which we could 
get the whole, VA^as to leave it to time. But folly, instead of 
the last, resorted to the two first, & M'Polk by the crowning 
folly of alluding to it, as he did in his inaugural, has made 
them the only alternate, and has benefited England, & Russia 
& France against us in reference to the territory. There are 
no alternatives left us but to back out, & settle it by nego- 
tiation, or refer it, & fare worse, or to settle it by force. 
It is, as it now stands, both a question of pride & policy on 
the part of England to resist our claim. He who commands 
the N'orth West coast of this Continent, including Califor- 
nia, commands the Pacific. I do not think the administra- 
tion will have the courage or patriotism to back out, & that 
whether we shall have war, or not, must depend on Con- 
gress, & especially the Senate; & let me add, the Southern 
Senators. In my opinion the fate of the country, on this & 
on other questions is in their hands. If war comes, it will 
begin with Mexico. If England concludes, that she will be 
forced into war about Oregon, we shall have war in due time 
with Mexico, &, if not we shall not. The latter acts under 
her advice & will be ready to do whatever she bidshertodo. 
The state of M"^ M^Dufiie's & Gen' Huger's health & their 
total want of experience & great liability, in consequence of 
both, of being acted on by the cowering & designing, is 
deeply to be lamented. It causes great uneasiness with our 
friends every where, & greatly distresses me. I know the 

itself. This notice was what compelled a settlement which the British 
desired to avoid, because with no fixed boundaries, their people had a 
right to trap for furs over the whole territory, whereas when fixed 
they would be restricted to the line. It was therefore a peace move- 
ment & not war as Mi- — Calhoun supposed, and as after facts proved 
for it settled the question & saved us from a war forced on us by an 
aggressive frontier population. This was the real object of M^- Polk 
— & he was wise in it as events prove. 

F. W. Pickens" 


extent of their uneasiness better, perhaps, than any other, 
as I receive letters by almost every mail from all pections, 
praying my return to the Senate. I mention, in strict con- 
fidence, what I have to no other individual, but one, that he, 
(Gen^ Huger) w^ritten to me, that he would resign, if I 
thought my services would be required in the Senate utthis 
time. I received his letter some time since, &, in acknow- 
ledging its receipt, I made no allusion to that part as I did 
not know what might occur, and thought it prudent to keep 
ray answer under my control, until events should more fully 
develop themselves. It has been a question of deep solici- 
tude and much reflection with me to determine, what answer 
to give. I am exceedingly adverse to returning again to 
public life; and yet when I look at the momentous character 
of the present juncture, the great strength of our friends in 
Congress, if it could be brought to act in concert, the good 
it may possibly secure, & the calamities it might advert, & 
the utter incomjpetency of our two Senators, from the causes 
mentioned, to take the lead & give unit to the action of our 
friends, I feel, that there is a heavy responsibility on me, in 
determining the course I ought to take. I hold it certain, 
that as things now stand, the administration will fall, almost 
by necessity, under the control of Col Benton & his parti- 
sans, who will give it a direction most fatal to us & our 
principles k policy. Indeed, that is one of the strong rea- 
sons urged by many of my friends out of the State, why I 
should return to the Senate. Looking at the whole, as dis- 
pationately as I can, with a strong desire to remain at home 
for many reasons, I do not see under all the circumstances, 
how I could decline the duty, if it shall be the desire of the 
Legislature & the State, that I shall again serve them in the 
Senate, until the country has passed through the present 
difficulties, which I hope migh be by the next session. Write 
me & let me know your opinion, k what answer you think, 
I ought to make to Judge linger. 

I would be glad to hear from you by the return of the 
mail, or before the 1'' of next month, when I expect to leave 


on a visit to Andrew, as I wish to answer his letter before 
I go. If yon find, that your letter cannot reach me before 
the 2^ or 3"^ Oct^, address me at Faunsdale, Marengo County, 
Alabama. M" Calhoun & John will accompany me. 

I am glad to learn that your corn crop is doing so well. I 
shall make enough & to spare. Between corn, wheat, rye 
& oats, I expect to be able to spare between 1500 & 2000 
bushels & 5 or 6 thousand pounds of Pork. My cotton like 
yours, will fall short. It was, with the exception of a field 
of 20 acres, growing until the middle of August. I shall 
make round between 450 & 500 pounds per acre, which is 
more than a third less than the average of the last 3 years. 

Andrew has made a fine crop of cotton & corn. He esti- 
mates his cotton at the lowest at 600 Alabama bales, say 
320,000 pounds of clean cotton. He had out at the date of 
his last letter (21'* Aug*.) .70 bales & was arranging on pick- 
ing out 10,000 pounds of seed cotton daily. 

Yours truly & sincerely 

J. C. Calhoun. 
Hon. F. W. Pickens. 
M""' Calhoun & family join their love to you M" P & family. 

Endorsed: J. C. Calhoun's 

Sept: 23. 1845-his 
return to the Senate & 
his reasons — 
My answer 


\_Continued from the October number.'] 


[Rev. Robert Smith to Major Isaac Harleston.] 

Addressed: Maj^ Harleston — 

of the 2\ Sth Carolina 

Dear Sir — 

Some days past, I dined in Company with Lieut : Makerill 
of the 64*^ — who informed me, he had sent a Message to a 
Maj"". Harleston, about a Negro of his, whom he was ready 
to deliver. I immediately let him know, that this s^ Maj^ 
Harleston was an acquaintance, & with his permission I 
would write to you — His answer was, yes — but added, that 
on not hearing from you, he had let an Officer of the same 
Regiment have the Fellow, not having use for him himself — 
that the Grentleman's name was Warner — on which another 
Officer abserved to me that it was the very Gentleman, who 
was quartered on me (or rather Tom Grimball, at whose 
house I now am) — on going home, I called the Fellow 
(whose name is Ballifo) & askVl to whom he belong'd — he 
s"^ to you — k that he was forc'd away from the Plantation by 
M'. Mackerill to look after Horses — that he had frequently 
requested to go home — & that M' Warner had told him he 
should go home very soon — please to observe that Mackerill 
told me, he took the Fellow from the Plantation, & that he 
believes Ballifo w*^. not have come away of himself . — Ballifo 
told me that a Sorrell Colt with a blaz'd face, was at M'. 
Manigaults opposite to Grimballs — which Avas your Colt — 
on enquiring, I saw it — and found it was taken by a Captn 
Crane of the 33". — quartered at Manigaults, but who was 
gone to York, & had given his Horses to his Servant — & that 


y\ price for the Colt wnifive Guineas — a large sum this — but 
which on your account I w*^. have given — but alass — I am 

Guinealess not a shilling — much more a Guinea 1 

believe the Colt is now sold, not having seen him some time. 
— Warner is march'd on detachment to Monks Corner, with 
Provisions, & took Ballifo with him — who perhaps may 
elope, and save further trouble — Adieu may health attend 
you — with her hand-maid happiness — 
Y".. truly 

Rob' Smith 

Thursday — - 


Weekly Return of the 1'*. RQg\ 
of South Carolina Pris" of War 
at Haddrell's Point I^ov^ 10*. | 80 
Ofiicers Serv*^ 

Col. C. C. Pinckney Toby a Il^egro 

Capt"". Geo: Turner — Isaac Fletcher 

Simeon Theus — Boatswain 

Joseph Elliott — Bacchus, a ]N"egro 

Sick W"'. Hext— Andrew Smith 

Charles Lining — Adam Miller 

Sick in Town Thomas Gadsden — Jemmy, a Negro 

d°. Lieut: Alex"". Fraser — 

John Hamilton^ Tom a Negro 

Sick in Country John P- Ward — Hector d° — 

W. Hazzard— Cain d''— 

d"*. Town Charles Brown — Charles d". 

W". Ward— Billy d°- 

D° George Petrie — Tom d°. 

James Kennedy — G. Brownguard 

G. Turner 
Capt^ V\ Reg*. So. Caro: 




Addressed: Major Harleston 

Return of the Officers of the VK Reg*. S. C. 
who have lost Servants by Death & 
Desertion — with the names of such 
Servants opposed— Nov. 12'^. 1780 

Capt°. Geo: Turner... John Fleming, deserted 

Simeon Theus Askew, d^ 

Inlisted with 1 Joseph Elliott Benj°. Teaster, d". 

theBritish^o j Tho^ G-adsden Zekiel Malpas d^ 

Lieut*. Jn**. Hamilton Joseph Roberts, — d". 

W"*. Hazzard Never had a Serv*. 

John P.Ward AbsolamHooper,desert'^ 

-p. ""i I Charles Brown... Never had a Serv*. 

William Ward... Lemon, deserted 
George Petri e J Cherry, taken up 

\ & returned as a 

British Deserter 

G Turner Capt'' 1^ R'. S. C 

G Turner returns his Complim*^ to Major Harleston — sends 
him in compliance with the Major's Note the Return re- 
quired — being the first application of the kind received 

Sunday Noon 
Memorandum on back: G. Warley Dec 26. 1777 

D Langford 

- " This, of course, does not mean that Captains ElHott and Gadsden 
so enlisted but that their deserters did. 




Return of the S^ S\ Car\ Reg* prisoners of War at R'dd'\ 
point 24 IToV 1780 

Officers Servants Names 

Lt Colo. W"*. Henderson. ....Kn ell er A Slave 

Sick in Town <J Capt Felix Warley Jo^ a Slave 

Capt Jn». C. Smith Peter MGrew 

Capt. Jo^ Warley Ja^ Sword Taylor 

Capt U. Goodwyn A l^egroe Slave 

Sick in Town «{ Capt Jn*>. Buchanan Jn<». Campbell 

Capt Jesse Baker Frances a Slave 

Capt Field Farrer Jacob Bruncin 

Capt Ge" Liddell 

Capt Rich"* Pollard W*": My rack 

Lieut Jn'' Goodwyn W"* Partridge 

Lt" Aaron Smith Jno Peterkin 

Lt'^ Merry MGuire Jo^ William s 

Do*"" Ja^ Martin Jn^ Cauldwell 

Merry MGuire Agt 3* Regt 
indorsed: 3^ S" Car^ 

Memoranda: Felix Warley James Hayes, deserted 

Jo Warley Joseph Haynes d°- 

Goodwyn W^'^ Chapman d° 

Baker James White d° 

Liddell Benj^ Culpepper d^- 

L*. Goodwyn Sam\ Kelly d«- 

Smith James Wilson d- 

M.'= Guire Elijah M^Guire d*'- 



[a return of the 1st. regiment.] 

Return of the l'^'. Reg'. So. Caro: prisoners at Haddrell's, 
Friday 6.21 1780 


sick Col: 0. C. Pinckney Toby, l!^egro 

Capt'''. Turner Isaac Fletcher 

Theus , Boatswain, Negro 

Elliott Bacchus d°. 

Hext And^ Smith 

Lining Adam Miller 

D°. Gadsden ....January, a ITegro 

V>\ Lieut*. Fraser 

Hamilton Tom a l^egro 

D°. Country J, P. Ward Hectdr d^ 

Hazzard Cain d°. 

Brown , Charles d". 

W.Ward Billy d\ 

Petrie Tom d''. 

Kennedy G. Brownguard 

W™. Kussell & Servant no longer to be returned 

G Turner 

Capf^ 1^' R*. So. C 

21 December is evidently the missing month. 




[a return of THE 3RD. REGIMENT.] 

Weekly Return of the S** S^ Car\ reg\ at Haddrell's point 

22^ Dec' 1780 

Officers IN'ames 

Serv*'. Names 

Lt Col*'. W. Henderson 
Capt F. Warley 
, Capt Jn°. C. Smith 
Capt Jo«. Warley 
Capt U. Goodwyn 
Capt Jn°. Buchanan 
Capt Jesse Baker 
Capt F Farrer 
Capt G-e« Liddell 
Capt Rich* Pollard 
Lieut. Jn° Goodwyn 
Lt Arin Smith 
Lt Merry MGuire 
' D' Ja«. Martin 

Kneller a Slave 
Jo", a Slave 
Peter M^Graw 

Harry a Slave 
Jn". Campbell 
Will a Slave 
Jacob Bruncin 

W"- My rack 
W"", Partridge 
Jn° Peterkin 
Jo' Williams 
Jn° Cauldwell 
James Sword Taylor 

Merry MGuire 

for S'^Reg* 






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[To he continued in the next mimher of this magazine.'] 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 

W. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed) . 

[continued from volume VI.] 

John Fenwick of Province of South Carolina but now of 
St. George's, Hanover Square, County Middlesex. Will 27 
February 1745-6; proved 23 July 1747 and 2 November 
1749. To my son in law Isaac Whittington Esquire £50. 
To. my kinsman Robert Fenwick of Lincoln's Inn a mourn- 
ing ring. I am desirous that my estate in South Carolina, 
although decreased in value owing to the war with France 
and Spain, should remain whole and iiitire to my son Edward 
who now lives upon it, he to pay to my daughters the sums 
hereinafter mentioned out o-f the money estate he will be 
entitled to after my decease, by the will of my late Brother 
Edward Fenwicke Esquire, To my daughter Deloraine 
£1000 over and above what I have given her and her late 
husband, £100 for mourning, my coach and horses. To my 
daughter Sarah £2000, £100 for mourning, all bedding, linen 
and household furniture I shall have in London at my de- 
cease except my large round silver tea table which I give to 
my son Edward, on condition he is willing that my daughter 
Dtdoraine hhall have as her own property, thesilver tea table 
I gave her on her last coming, from Carolina, which belonged 
to my Brother's estate. To my son Edward Fenwicke all 
the rest uf my estate, real and personal. Executors: Daugh- 
ter Deloraine, son in law Whittington, son Edward. Wit- 
nesses: Thos. Compton, Thomas Adams, Elizabeth Comp- 
ton, Thos. Compton and Mrs. Compton of Audley Street, 
St. George Parish, Thos. Adams, Servant to Lady Delo- 
raine. Codicil same day, same witnesses: I also give to 
my Brother in law Coll. John Gibbes and Andrew Rut- 
ledge Esq. both of South Carolina £100 money of South 


Carolina. 2nd. Codicil (no date, no witnesses). To my 
Brother in law Coll. John Gibbes, Andrew Rutledge Esq, 
and my nephew Culcheth Golightly of South Carolina £100 
money of said Province. To my nephew John Gibbes, son 
of my late Brother in Law, William Gibbes, £200 of South 
Carolina (to daughter Deloraine and Daughter Sally, and 
then to grandson John Scott, £500, same to be placed 
in ]!^ew South Sea Stock in daughter Deloraine's name, in 
trust for said grandson till he is 21). To my daughter Sarah 
two negro women called Hannah and Kachel and one girl 
called Daphney all in possession of said Edward in Carolina. 
Oathes of George E'ewly of St. Clement Danes, Silvia 
Brathwaite of St. Georges, Hanover Square and Andrew 
Pringle of St. Margaret Pattens, merchant. Right Hon- 
ourable Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of Deloraine. 

''This will was proved at London (with two codicils an- 
nexed) before the worshipfull Hichard Smalbroke etc. the 
23 day of July 1747, by the oath of the Right Honorable 
Elizabeth Countess Dowager of Deloraine the daughter of 
the deceased, and one of the executers named in the said 
will, to whom was granted administration of all and singu- 
lar the goods and chattels and credits of the said deceased, 
being first sworn duly to administer. Power reserved of 
making the like grant to Isaac Whittington and Edward 
Fenwicke, Esquires, the other executors, therein named 
when they or either of them shall apply for the same.'' 

"The said will was also proved at London (with the said 
two codicils annexed) 2 November 1749 by the oath of Ed- 
ward Fenwicke Esqr. another ot the executors named in the 
said will to whom administration was granted being first 
sworn to administer. Power reserved of making the like 
grant to Isaac Whittington Esqr, the other executor named 
in the said will, when he shall apply for same." 

Potter, 176. 


John Colleton of Fair lawns, St. John Parish, Berkley 
County, South Carolina. Will 26 October 1745; proved 3 
April 1751. To Susannah Colleton my wife £100 per an- 
num for life and her living upon my plantations of Fair 
Lawns or Exmouth till my eldest son comes of age, and all 
ter rings and Jewels, These bequests to be of no effect if 
she contracts another marriage. To my son John Colleton 
and the heirs male of his body, Exeter plantation parish of 
St. Johns, Berkley County, bounded by lands of Thomas 
Broughton Esqr. Cooper River, and Fair Lawn plantation 
on payment of a high rent oi £5 a year to my son Peter 
Colleton, on failure of John Colleton's heirs, said plantation 
to my son Peter, also to son John £200, and my gold watch. 
To my daughter Hannah Colleton £600. Both John and 
Hannah to have £25 apiece yearly for maintenance till they 
reach 21. To my father £60 per annum. To my Aunt 
Rendall and my Brother Robert Colleton £10 apiece. To 
Mrs. Ann Collins £10. To Jane Morris her freedom with 
£5. All the rest of my estate to my son Peter.' Executors, 
wife Susannah, father Sir John Colleton, Baronet of Ex- 
mouth, Son Peter. Witnesses: Mary Rowe, Henry Brad- 
don, Mary Grill. Codicil 10 June 1748, My daughter 
Hannah being dead I give said legacy to my son John and 
one moiety of my Barony by Port Royal. Witnesses, ditto. 
Codicil 26 September 1749. I revoke the legacies of £200 
and £600 to my son John and give to my daugher Elizabeth 
Mary Ann Colletcn £500 when married or 21 and the sum 
of £25 per annum till she is 21. ]^o witnesses. 

Busby, 107. 

William Stone heretofore of parish of Saint Philip, 
Charles Town, South Carolina, but now" of Walsall, County 
Stafford. Will 2 May 1778; proved 16 March 1779. To 
William Hopton, Hopkin Price, Mr. Robert William Powell 
and Mr. John Hopton, merchants all of Charles Town, mj- 
house in the Bay of Charles Town and house in Lemon 
Street in Charles Town, and all the real and personal estate 


in America, in trust for my wife Elizabeth Stone, and my 
Brother Edward Stone, they, the said trustees, to sell the 
house in the Bay for £2100 sterling, the house in Union 
Street for £300 sterling, £200 to my wife Elizabeth for her 
own use. £400 to my daughter Christian Short, wife of 
Dr. Richard Ryder Short, upon trust and for a purpose here- 
inafter mentioned. One moiety of all my estate not be- 
queathed to my son in law George Jennings to be considered 
as the fortune of my daughter his wife, Mary Jennings. 
The other moiety to my wife for life and then to ray daugh- 
ter Christian Short, this last bequest together with the £400 
to descend to her children if she have any. To my wife 
Elizabeth Stone £20 per annum for life. Trustees in 
America mentioned above, executors in America. Execu- 
tors: Wif(3 Elizabeth Stone and Brother Edward Stone, in 
England. Witnesses: Gideon Dupont, junior, Robert Wil- 
liams, Junior, South Carolina, Charles Terry, James Kite, 
,Mr. Jennings No. 126 Strand, London, 

Warburton, 128. 

By a. S. Salley, Jr. 

David Jervby, the founder in South Carolina of a family 
that has contributed many splendid representatives to the 
State, was a native of Scotland, and came to South Carolina 
sometime prior to April 5, 1738, when he was married in 
St. Bartholomew's to Ann Didcott,^ as shown by the fol- 
lowing disposition of Elizabeth Didcott: 

South Carolina. 

Be it known and manifest unto all whom it may concern 
That on the ninth day of February in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand seven hundred & seventy three Before me James Johnston one 
of his Majesty's Justices of the Quorum for the Province aforesaid, 
and Notary-Public by lawful Authority duly Admitted and sworn 
dwelling in Charlestown in the Said Province personally appeared 
Elizabeth Dedcote of Savannah in the Province of Georgia widow 
aged upwards of Fifty years, and being duly sworn on the Holy 
Evangelists of Almighty God made oath That David Jervey of the 
Province of South Carolina House Carpenter was on the fifth day of 
April in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Thirty 
eight joined in wedlock with Ann Dedcote then of Saint Bartholomews 
Parish of the said Province of South Carolina by the Reverend Mr. 
Archibald Stobo, in the presence of this Deponent, and that they the 
said David Jervey and Ann his wife afterwards lived & Cohabited 
together as Man and wife. 

Signed and sworn to before me \ tpi,v+t, rk,-^^^++ 

the day and year first above written f ^^'^*''- ^i^^^tt 

In Promissorum Fidem 
[Seal.]* Ja«: Johnston 

J Q & Noty: Public 

1 There were other Jerveys in South Carolina, contemporaries of 
David. John Jervey and Elizabeth S. Gilbert, daughter of Barnabas 
and Susannah Gilbert, were married in St. Helena's Parish, by Rev. 
Lewis Jones, March 16, 1736. Their son, John, was born August 28, 
1738, was baptized December 11, 1738, and died September 14, 1739, 
and their daughter, Elizabeth was born February 18, 1739, and was 
baptized March 16, 1739. Gen. McCrady mentions a George Jervey 

* Johnston's seal is dated 1769 and this date and his name and title 
as Notary Public incircle his coat-of-arms. 


South Carolina. 

By His Excellency The Right Honour- 
able Lord Charles Greville Montagu 
Captain General Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over the 

C G Montagu said Province & Vice Admiral of 

the same. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come. 

Know Ye that James Johnston Esquire before whom the 
Affidavit in the Paper hereunto anneKed was made and taken, is one 
of His Majestys Justices of the Quorum for the Province aforesaid, 
and Notary Publick lawfully admitted & sworn— 

Therefore all due Faith and Credit is and ought to be had and 
given to the several Matters and Things mentioned and contained in 
the annexed affidavit. 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto 
set my Hand & caused the Great Seal 
of His Majestys said Province to be hereunto 

By His Excellencys affixed at Charles Town this Ninth day 

Command — of February Anno Domini 1773, & in the 

thirteenth year of His Majestys Reign. 

Thos: Skottowe Secry. 

Thomas Jervey, son of David and Ann (Didcott) Jervey^^ 
married, July 22, 1770, Grrace Hall^, daughter of William 
Hall, of Charles Town ; was a broker and commission mer- 
chant in Charles Town; was sometime a captain in the South 
Carolina Line, Continental Establishment, Eevolutionary 
army, sometime acting Deputy Muster Master General; re- 

as having been wounded in the battle on Port Royal Island wherein 
Gen. Moultrie defeated Major Gardiner and drove him from the island, 
February 4, 1779. Gen. McCrady found Jervey's name written on the 
margin of a volume of Ramsay's Revolution as one omitted from the 
list there printed.' (See p. 340, volume covering years 1775-1780.) 

~ Elizabeth Didcott conveyed property to her grandson, Thomas 
Jervey, the record thereof being in book 1754-58, p. 616, in the Pro- 
bate Court of Charleston County. 

•'' "Mr. Thomas Jervey, to Miss Grace Hall, daughter of the late Mr. 
William Hall."— Marriage notices in The South-Carolina and Ameri- 
can General Gazette, Friday, August 3, 1770. See also The South- 
Carolina Gazette; And Country Journal, Tuesday, August 7, 1770, and 
Annals and Parish Register of the Parish of St Thomas and St. 
Denis, p. 35, and Hall family Bible in possession of Miss Clare Jervey. 


signed from the service N'overaber 25, 1778, and resumed 
business^; was sometime bead of the brokerage firm of Jer- 
vey & Walter; died June 14, 1796^ His widow subse- 
quently (April 10, 1800) married Thomas Gordon and died 
on Sullivan's Island, September 13, 1811. 


1 I. Henrietta Weldon Jervey, b. Nov. 21, 1773; 

d. July 25, 1775. 

2 II. David Jervey. 

3 III. Thomas Hall Jervey. 

4 lY. William Jervey, h. Dec. 2, 1780; d. Oct. 20, 


5 V. James Jervey. 

6 YI. Martha Hall Jervey, 6. Dec. 30, 1786; m., 

Dec. 4, 1805, James Brown"^; 6^. Sept. 24, 
1806; buried in St, Philip's churchyard. 

7 YIL Susannah Jervey. h. Oct. 23, 1789; d. May 

21, 1790. 

^ See The Charleston Morning Post, & Daily Advertiser, Saturday, 
March 18, 1786, for account of the Light Infantry festival in which 
Capt. Jervey bore a conspicuous part. See advertisement of Jervey's 
Wharf to be sold, the City Gazette, April 14, 1790. 

^ Died on Tuesday morning about six o'clock, at his house in Queen 
street, captain Thomas Jervey, much regretted by his friends and 
acquaintances. He served, during the contest between America and 
England as an officer in the- American army; he ever gave satisfaction 
to his superior officers, by his alacrity to obey, and punctuality in exe- 
cuting all orders from them; and pleasure to his brother officers, by his 
conviviality as a companion, and politeness as a gentleman. For years 
past he endured with manly fortitude bodily infirmities in extreme, 
blended with repeated strokes of adversity, which pressing too hard 
upon him lately, contributed to hasten his departure from this world 
of affliction, to that one from which none return. * 

He was buried the same evening in the Scotch Church burial ground. 

His friends and acquaintances sincerely regret that his death was not 
announced even by the striking of a bell — his military ones in particu- 
lar feel hurt, that they, not knowing of his death, had it not in their 
power to pay him the just tribute due to an old brother officer." — 
South-Carolina State Gazette, and Timothy & Mason's Daily Adver- 
tiser, Thursday, June 16, 1796. 

'' "Married, on Wednesday evening last, by the Rev. Mr. N. Bowen, 
James Brown, Esq., Planter, to Miss Martha Hall Jervey."— 
Charleston Courier, Saturday, December 7, 1805. 



David Jervey [Thomas^, David*], born August 25, 1775, 
was a physician; married, February 26, 1806, 8arah Capers, 
daughter of Gabriel Capers'^; died in 1851. 


8 I. Thomas Hall Jervey. 

9 II. Gabriel Capers Jervey. 

10 III. James Jervey. 

11 IV. Eichard C. Jervey, m. and had one dau., 

Sallie, who d. unm. 

12 Y. Maurice Simons Jervey, m. Martha Fraser; 

d. without issue. 

13 VI. Grace Hall Jervey, d, unm. 

14 VII. Annie Jervey, d. unm. 

Thomas Hall Jervey [Thomas,^ David^], born Sept. 26, 
1778; m.. May 6, 1802, Floride Taylor,^ who d. l^ov. 3, 
1802;^^ m. again, Sept. 15, 1805, Paulina Maria Henrietta 
Changaion,^^ daughter of the Governor of the Island of 

' See Vol. 11. of this Magazine, pp. 278 and 282. 

•* See "Miscellaneous Records" of South Carolina (in custody of 
Historical Commission) , book DDDDDD, p. 447, for deed of partition. 

"**May6. 1802 Married Thomas H Jervey & Flora Taylor. $30.00 
7,,0,,0,," — Independent Congregational ("Circular") Church records, 

"Married, on Thursday evening, by the Rev. Mr. Hollinshead, 
Captain Thomas H. Jervey, to Miss Floride Taylor, both of this city. ' ' 
—The Times, Charleston, S. C, Saturday, May 8, 1802. 

i*^"Died, on Wednesday last, the 3d instant, of a consumption in the 
21st year of her age, Mrs. Floride Jervey, the amiable consort of Capt. 
Thomas H. Jervey, of this place; she, through the whole progress of 
this most fatal disorder, displayed an unabating firmness of mind and 
sweet serenity of temper, much to be envied— perfectly resigned to 
the will of her Creator, she closed the awful scene we trust, with a 
full assurance of his goodness and mercy. "—Ibid, Friday, Nov. 5, 1802. 

^ ^ Bible record. An original oil portrait of her is now in possession 
of her grandson, Capt. J. E. V. Jervey, of Charleston. 



Curacoa; d, March 11, 1846.^2 Hjg widow d. March 29, 

He was chief mate of the schooner Galliot, Capt. Hauser, 
which sailed from ISTew York for Gibralter about the first of 
September, 1798, and was struck by a severe squall in lat- 
itude 39.57, on the evening of Friday, the 7th, and overset, 
the survivors of the crew scrambling up the weather side 
and getting upon her bottom. The next day the survivors 
got into one of the schooner's boats, but were without oars 
or provisions. For five days they drifted or paddled with 
pieces of driftwood, about the wreck, occasionally getting 
something to eat from the vessel and endeavoring to right 
her, but seeing that she could not be righted, and was fast 
settling, they determined on Thursday, the 13th, to try for 
land in the small boat. A sail w^as made out of the schoon- 
er's studding sail, and with a gentle breeze ran to the west- 

^^ Decease of an Old Citizen.— On Wednesday night last, Captain 
Thomas H. Jervey, departed this Hfe, in the 68th year of his age, 
after an illness of considerable duration, and for the last two or three 
weeks causing him to be confined to his room. Capt. Jervey has held 
the office of Custom House Surveyor for the Port of Charleston for 
32 years past, which station he has filled with a devotedness and at- 
tention to its duties that has commanded the approbation of all. He 
was for some years a ship-master out of this port, and during the war 
commanded, on her first cruise, the celebrated privateer Saucy Jack. 
For a series of years he occupied the honorable station of President of 
the Charleston Marine Society, a charitable institution, exercising a 
most beneficial influence in this city, whose affairs he has ever 
managed with much ability, and with a single eye to the objects for 
which it was established. 

Capt. Jervey has left a wife and large family of children. The 
Custom-House flag, and the colors of the vessels in port were flying at 
half-mast yesterday, as a token of respect to his memory." — The 
Charleston Courier, Friday, March 13, 1846. See also The Charleston 
Mercury of the same date. 

Will, dated January 15, 1844, codicil March 10, 1846, mentions brother 
James, nephew William, wife Paulina Maria Henrietta and son Thomas 
Dehon Jervey. 

^^Will, dated March 10, 1851, proved April 3, 1851, mentions children, 
Thomas Dehon, James Cheves, James David Henry, Changuion, Wil- 
liam Edward, and Elizabeth, wife of Henry Johnson. 


ward, being then in latitude 38.67, and on Friday, the 14th, 
at 12 o'clock, were picked up by the brig Ajpollo of and from 
New York to Cadiz. On the Apollo's entering Cadiz she 
was brought to by the British ship of wsir^dgar,of74: guns, 
and Mate Jervey and all of the men who had just been 
saved from the wreck, being unable to show their certificates 
of citizenship, which had been lost on their vessel, were im- 
pressed as British seamen.^* 

He was for a time captain of the Saucy Jack, a privateer 
sent out by citizens of Charleston during the war of 1812, 
and his log book is now in the hands of descendants. 

Issue: Second wife. 

15 I. Mary Jervey, d. in inf. 1 Tombstone, 

16 11. Susan Jervey, (i. in inf. [^ St. Michael's 

17 III. Sarah Ann Jervey, d. in inf. J churchyard. 

18 ly. Thomas Dehon Jervey. 

19 V. James Cheves Jervey, m. Florence Choate, 

d. Nov. 28, 1892. (No issue.) 

20 VI. James David Henry Jervey. 

21 VII. Changuion Jervey. 

22 VIII. William Edward Jervey, a doctor, />!. Susan 


23 IX. Elizabeth Jervey, m. Henry Johnson. 


James Jervey [Thonias,^ David^], born September 7? 
1784; was educated at the (College of Charlestons^; was ad- 
m.itted to the Bar in 1805; married (by Kev, John Beek), 

^■^City-Gazette and Daily, Advertiser, Thursday, January 24, 1799. 

15 ' *0n Monday and Tuesday, the 17th and 18th instant, the trustees 
of the Charleston College attended the Annual Pubhc Examination of 
the Youth, in Greek, Latin, Geography, French, English, Writing and 
Arithmetic. The students acquittted themselves to the approbation 
of the Trustees, who expressed great pleasure at their improvement, 
and decreed the following premiums, viz. to" 

* * * * *:f.- * * :,, 

''James Jervey, a book, best Latinist in the fourth class. "—C%-Ga- 
zette and Daily Advertiser, Tuesday, October 25, 1796. 


April 3, 1806, Mary Postelli^; ^as sometirae clerk of the 
United States Court for the District of South Carolina; 
died April 2, 18451^; buried in St. Michael's churchyard 

16 "Married at Cater-Hall, in St. Peter's Parish, on Thursday the 3d 
of April instant, by the Rev. Mr. Beck, James Jervey, Esq. Attorney 
at Law, of Charleston, to Miss Mary Postell, youngest daughter of 
Captain Andrew Postell, of Prince William's Parish, deceased." — 
Charleston Courier, Friday, April 11, 1806. She was born July 9, 
1787, and died January 8, 1866. 

^'^ "The Relatives and Friends of Mr. and Mrs. James Jervey, are 
invited to attend the Funeral of the former, at St. Michael's Church, 
This Day, at 12 o'clock." — The Charleston Courier, Thursday, Apri] 
3, 1845. 

"We announce with regret the death of our estimable fellow-citizen, 
James Jervey, Esq., President of the State Bank. He expired at 
one o'clock yesterday, after a long period of feeble health, though 
confined to his house but a few days before his death. 

"Mr. Jervey had lived a life of usefulness, and was universally es- 
teemed."— The Charleston Mercury, Thursday, April 3, 1845. See 
also the same paper for April 5th. 

"Death of James Jervey, Esq. — The mortal remains of James Jer- 
vey, Esq., were interred, yesterday, in the cemetery of St. Michael's 
Church, the regrets of our whole community mingling with those of 
his bereaved and mourning family, at the loss of such a worthy citizen 
and estimable man. He had been laboring, for some time, under 
bodily indisposition, and expired on Wednesday last, having fulfilled 
the age of three score years. Mr. Jervey was a man of intelligent 
mind, and benevolent disposition, remarkable for the courtesy and 
urbanity of his manners, and beloved and esteemed by all who knew 
him. His life was one of honorable and active usefulness, distin- 
guished by fidelity in the discharge of all private and social responsi- 
bilities. He was the depositary of many private and public trusts. 
For a number of years he was Clerk of the Federal Courts in this 
State, and was looked up to as an oracle in the practice of those tri- 
bunals. As Chairman of the Commissioners of the Orphan House, he 
served for about ten years, and carefully administered the affairs of 
that noble charity; and, for perhaps an equally extended period, he 
further promoted the cause of benevolence, as Steward or presiding 
officer of the South-Carolina Society. He retired from his Clerkship, 
on his election to the office of President of the State Bank in this city, 
which he continued to fill with ability and integrity to the day of his. 
death. In addition to his numerous secular trusts, the Qare of the in- 
terests of religion, in a measure, devolved on him, as chairman of the 


Issue : 

24 I. Grace Sarah Jervey, h, Jan. 20, 1807; d. unm. 

March 25, 1896; buried in St. Michael's 

25 II. James Postell Jervey. 

26 III. William Jervey. 

27 IV. Martha Jervey, died unm. 

28 V, Henrietta Jervey, h. July 29, 1814; d. unm. 

March 4, 1889; buried in St. Michael's 

29 VI. Mary Postell Jervey, 6. Jan. 14, 1816; d,\xnm, 

Dec. 11, 1887; buried in St. Michael's 

30 VII. Theodore Dehon Jervey. 

31 Vin. Lewis Jervey. 

32 IX. Laura Susan Jervey, m., Aug. 14, 1846, Ed- 

ward D. Smith. 


Thomas Hall Jervey [David,3 Thoma8,2 DavidJ,l)orn in 
January, 1807; married, January 3, 1833, Angelina Dor- 
rel ;i8 died at Mt. Pleasant in 1872.19 
Issue : 

33 I. Sarah Martha Jervey, 6. Jan. 14, 1834, d. 


34 II. Thomas Hines Jervey, d. young. 

35 III. Robert David Jervey, d, young. 

36 IV. A child, d. in inf. 

37 V. Eliza Ann Alston Jervey, h. Sept., 1840; mar- 

ried, April, 1868, Dr. John Y. DuPre; d. 
Feb. 24, 1900. (Issue.) 

Vestry of St. MichaeFs Church. We held him in high estimation 
during his life, and record our just tribute to his memory now that he 
is numbered with the dead." — The Charleston Courier, Friday, April 
4, 1845. 

Will dated Aug. 12, 1843; proved April 7, 1845. Mentions sons: 
James Postell, William, Theodore Dehon and Lewis. 

18 See Vol. II. of this magazine, p. 282. 

19 Will proved July 30, 1872. 


38 YI. Mary Edwards Jervey, 6. Dec, 1842; married, 

April, 1866, Thomas Choate. 

39 YIL Angelina Gabriella Jervey, h. Dec, 1844; mar- 

ried, 1862, Eev. U. Sinclair Bird. 

40 VIII. Pauline Henrietta Jervey. 

41 IX. Susan Jones Jervey, born March, 1849; d, 

unm. Feb. 19, 1900. 

42 X. Daniel DuPre Jervey, h. March, 1851 ; married, 

in 1884, Katie Cherry. (Issue.) 

43 XL Theodore Wagner Jervey, 6. May, 1853; died 

Jun. 21, 1859.20 

44 XII. Florence Evelyn Jervey, 6. July, 1854; married 

James Dooley. 

45 XIII. John Leland Jervey, d. in inf. 

Gabriel Capers Jervey [David,3 Thomas,2 David^], mar- 
ried Eliza Henrietta Capers ;2i was killed in battle in 1863. 

46 I. James Edward Jervey, who resides^ 

in Sumter, S. C. i 

47 II. William Capers Jervey, who was ( -'-Wins. 

killed in battle at Petersburg, Ya. J 

48 III. Sarah Capers Jervey. 

49 lY. Annie Simons Jervey. 

50 Y. Sophia Jervey. 

51 YI. John Singeltary Jervey, a 3rd. Sergt. in the 

23rd. Regt., S. C. Y., when killed at Peters- 
burg, Ya., June 17, 1864. 

20 -'Died, at Laurel Grove, Christ Church Parish, on the 21st of Jan- 
uary last, after a brief and painless illness, Theodore Wagner, son 
of Thomas H. and Angelina Jervey, in the 6th year of his age." — The 
Charleston Daily Courier, Tuesday, Fel). 15, 1859. 

21 See Vol. II. of this magazine, pp. 286, 296 and 297. John S. 
^Capers, in his will, made May 15, 1847, and proved Nov. 22, 1847, 
mentioned his mother, Martha E, Capers and his sister, Eliza H. Jer- 


52 YII. Mary Capers Jervey. 

53 YIII. Grace Hall Jervey. 

54 IX. Louis D. Jervey. 

55 X. Martha Jane Jervey. 


James Jervey [David^g Thomas,2 David^], married Susan 
Sarah Evans and lived in Christ Church Parish. His will 
is dated June 16, 1853. 
Issue : 

56 I. Maurice Simons Jervey, b. in 1850. 

57 II. James David Jervey, b. in 1852; married and 

has issue. 

58 III. Martha Jervey, d, in childhood. 

59 IV. Henrietta Jervey, d. at 16. 


Thomas Dehon Jervey [Thomas Hall^ Thomas^, Davids], 
born I^ovember 28, 1817; married, October 15, 1837, at Phil- 
adelphia, Elizabeth Maylin Thomas {b. at Medford, 1^, J., 
March 17, 1820), daughter of Joseph Leeds and Jane Baker 
Thomas, who d. May 26, 1844; m. n^ext, September 19, 1850, 
Mary Martha Eldert, daughter of John Jonah and Susan 
Murrell; died December 15, 1878. 

Issue: First wife. 

60 I. Pauline Maylin Thomas Jervey, b. Sept. 18: 

1838; m., April 18, 1860, Juston A. E"ew- 
ton. (Issue.) 

61 IL WilliamMcCuetcheon Jervey, 6. July 28, 1840; 

d. Oct. 29, 1841. 

62 III. Joseph Edward Vincent Jervey, b. June 12, 

1843 ;'m. and has issue. 
Second wife. 

63 IV. Susan Henrietta Jervey, b. July 16, 1851; d. 

July 5, 1852. 


64 Y. Thomas Hall Jervey, h. Aug. 22, 1852; d, 

Aug. 30, 1852.3 2 

65 YI. Caroline Ball Jervey, h. Sept. 16, 1853. 

m YII. Walter Postell Jervey, h. Sept. 4, 1855; d. 

unmarried July 7, 1897. 

67 YIII. Ida Gertrude Jervey, h. Sept. 27, 1857; m., 

N"ov. 23, 1893, James C. Peoples. 

68 IX. Mary Louisa Jervey, h. Kov. 28, 1859; c?. Aug. 

22, 1860. 

69 X. James Murrell Jervey, h. Dec. 19, 1863 ; m, 

Alice Glenn. (Eo issue.) 

70 XI. Thomas Kinloch Jervey, h, Feb. 14, 1872; m. 

Maggie Cummings. (Issue.) 


James Postell Jervey [James^, Thomas3,Davidi], born 
in December, 1808, a physician; married, by Rev. Thomas 
Goulding, November 26, 1832, Emma Gough Smith; died 
June 8, 1875. 

71 I. Mary Jervey. 

72 II. Henry D. Jervey, physician; m., l^ov. 26, 

1863, Helen Louise Wesson.^^ 

73 III. James Edward Jervey, d. in childhood. 

74 lY. Sarah Eliza Jervey, d. in childhood. 

75 Y. William Snowden Jervey, d. in childhood. 

76 YI. Edw^ard Theodore Jervey. 

77 YII. Emma Henrietta Jervey. 

78 YIII. Eugene Postell Jervey, m. Miss Wilkinson. 


^^ ''Died, at Charleston, on the 30th August, 1852, Thomas H., in- 
fant son of Thomas D. and Mary M. Jervey, aged 7 days." — The 
Charleston Daily Courier, Wednesday, Sept. 1, 1852. 

^ 3 Married, at Summit, Northampton County, North CaroHna, on 
the 26th inst., by the Rev. R. A. Castleman, Dr. Henry Jervey, C. 
S. P. A., of Charleston, S. C, to Helen Louise, third daughter of 
Wm. H. Wesson, Esq., of Y\Ygim2i.'" — Charleston Daily Courier, 
Tuesday, Dec. 1, 1863. 


79 IX. Maria Ramsay Jervey, m. Charles Fisher; 

c?.inRichmond,ya.,Sept.28,1900. (Issue.) 

80 X. Alan Laird Jervey, b. Sept. 17, 1850 ; d. Aug. 

7, 1856. 

81 XL Anna Postell Jervey. 


William Jervey [James^, Thomas^, David*], born ]N'o- 
vember 17, 1 810 ; was graduated from the College of Charles- 
ton in '28; was admitted to the bar in '31; married (by Rev. 
Charles Hanckel), May 8, 1839, Catherine Ravenel Stevens^*; 
died September 9, 1870. 

Issue: ^^ 

82 L Susan Ravenel Jervey, b. July 3, 1840. 

83 IL Mary Catherine Jervey, b. Aug. 8, 1842; d. 

Sept. 27, 1843. 

84 IIL Charles Stevens Jervey, b. Oct. 7, 1844; d. 

Feb. 10, 1845. 

85 IV. James Laird Jervey, b. March 14, 1846; m. 

Sallie E. DeVeaux, and, after her death, 
Mary Cantt. (Issue by both marriages.) 

86 V. William St. Julien Jervey. 

87 YL Rene Ravenel Jervey, born March 5, 1849; 

m. Sallie Screven; d. May 20, 1897. (Issue.) 

88 VII. Frances Postell Jervey, d. in inf. 

89 VIII. Charles Stevens Jervey, d. unm. 

90 IX. Elizabeth DuBose Jervey, b. March 6, 1853. 

91 X. Catherine Stevens Jervey, b. ]^ov. 10, 1854; 

d. in inf. 

92 XL Maria S. Jervey, b. June 8, 1856; m. Rene 

Ravenel. (Issue.) 

93 XIL Alice LeIToble Jervey, b. March 12, 1858; 

d, March 28, 1858. 

«^Born September 23, 1817; died February 28, 1868. (Tombstone, 
St. Michael's churchyard.) 

-•^ See Ravenel Records, pp. 175, 176, 177, 178. 


94 XIII. Henrj LeNoble Jcrvey, h, July 28, 1859; d. 

April 1, 1860. 

95 XIY. Laura Ann Jervey, h, in Charleston, March 

28,1861; c?. Nov. 29,1865. 


Theodore Dehon Jervey [James^, Thomas^, David^], 
born August 6, 1817; was graduated from the College of 
Charleston in 1835; married, by Rev. C. H. Hanckel, March 
18, 1847, Ann H. Simons, who dying September 15, 1862, 
he married, June 6, 1870, Mrs. Elizabeth (Heyward) Trapier, 
widow of Gen. James H. Trapier and daughter of Charles 
Heyward; died Sept. 14, 1892. 

He was for many years a member of the large mercantile 
firm of Wm. C. Bee & Co., of Charleston; was Collector of 
the Port of Charleston, 1885-1889, and, at the time of his 
death, was president of the Miners' and Merchants' Bank, 
of Charleston. 

He enlisted as a private at age of fifty-four for twelve 
months, Capt. F. T. Miles's company, Charleston Battalion; 
later served as a volunteer aide on staff of General Bragg 
and was paroled as Theodore D. Jervey, A. D. C, in accord- 
ance with the terms of the Military Convention entered into 
on the 26th day of April, 1865, between Gen. Joseph E. 
Johnston, commanding the Confederate army, and Major 
General W. T. Sherman, commanding the United States 
army, in E^orth Carolina, dated at Greensboro, North Caro- 
lina, May 2, 1865, and signed by Geo. F. Towton, Major 4th 
K H. Yols.,U. S. A., Adjt. G. 10th A. C. Special Commr. 
and Del. Kemper, Lt. Col., Special Commissioner, C. S. A. 

January 8, 1866, he was thrown into jail by Collicot, agent 
of United States, for refusing to tarn over to the United 
States funds of The Bee Importing Co., imprisoned for six 
months and released June 7, 1866, on a bond of $100,000. 


Issue: First wife. 

96 I. Lewis Simons Jervey. 

97 11. Mary Postell Jervey, h. Oct. 20, 1849; d. Oct. 

23, 1854. 

98 III. Ann Simons Jervey, h. March 30, 1851; d 

May 15, 1864. 

99 lY. Arthur Postell Jervey. 

100 V. Catherine H. Jervey, h. July 17, 1856 ; d. in inf. 

101 Yl. Francis Johnstone Jervey. 

102 VII. Theodore Dehon Jervey, h. Aug. 19, 1859; 

was graduated from the Virginia Military In- 
stitute, July, 1879; attorn ey-at-law and Re- 
corder of the City of Charleston; author of 
The Elder Brother (a novel). 
Second wife. 

103 VIII. Charles Heyward Jervey, h. ITov. 26, 1871. 


Lewis Jervey [James^, Thomas^, David^ J, born Decem- 
ber, 1819; married, March 9, 1864, Mrs. Caroline Howard 
(dilman) Glover; died Feb. 9, 1900. 

104 I. Clare Jervey. 


Edward Theodore Jervey [James Postell*, James^, 
Thomas^, David ^] married Lucy Mary Trezevant.^^ 

Issue : 

105 L Howell Trezevant Jervey, h. Sept. 22, 1872; 

d, Jan. 18, 1896. 

106 11. Lucy Mary Jervey, m. June 2, 1891, Robert 

L. Hester from whom she was divorced and 
married, Oct. 12, 1897, J. Francis Hatcher. 
(Issue by both marriages.) 

107 III. Edward Theodore Jervey, vv/., in Atlanta, Ga., 

Aug. 24, 1898, Almira McCrea. 

-'« See Vol. Ill of this Magazine, pp. 49 and 180. 



"William St. Julien Jervey [William4,James3,Thomas2, 
DavidT], born April 26, 1847; was graduated from the Col- 
luge of Charleston in '68; adnnitted to the Bar; solicitor of 
the 1st judicial circuit, 1877-1900; elected solicitor of the 
9rh judicial circuit in 1905; married, January 24, 1878, 
Mary Caroline Green. 

Issue: ^'^ 

108 T. Amaryllis elervey, h. January 18, 1879. 

109 II. Allen Jones Jervey, born Dec. 26, 1880. 


Lewis Simons Jervey [Theodore Dehon^, James ^, 
Thomas^, David"*"], born January 6, 1848; entered the Ar- 
senal Academy at Columbia in January, 1864; was trans- 
ferred to the Citadel Academy in Charleston in the same 
year and in November went into active service with the 
cadets; was graduated from the Virginia Military Institute 
in 1869; m., Aug. 22, 1872, Kate, daughter of Aug. Glover, 
who dying September 15, 1884, he married, August 19, 1890, 
Maria Ford, daughter of Frederick Ford. 
Issue: First wife. 

110 I. Lewis Simons Jervey, h. May 18, 1873. 

111 IL Augustus G. Jervey, h. Dec. 11, 1874; d. Sept. 

27, 1875. 

112 IIL Theodore D. Jervey, 6. Dec. 3, 1877. 

113 IV. Harry L. Jervey, h. March 1, 1879. 

114 V. Annie S. Jervey, h, June 10, 1880. 

115 VI. Katie G. Jervey, h. Oct. 3, 1883; d. July 16, 


Second wife. 

116 VIL Arthur Postell Jervey, h. Aug. 27, 1895. 

117 VIII. Hume Ford Jervey, died in inf. 

118 IX. Ellen Hume Jervey, h. Feb. 9, 1901. 

'^'' Ravenel Records, pp. 176, 177. 



Arthur Postell Jbrvey [Theodore Dehon*, Jamess, 
Thomas 2, David t], born Oct. 19, 1854; married Feb. 12, 
1878; Hannah Heyward Trapier; died January 30, 1883. 
Issue : 

119 I. Ellen Heyward Jervey, b. Feb. 22, 1879. 

120 II. Frances Jervey, h. Aug. 15, 1880. 

121 III. James Trapier Jervey, 6. ]^ov. 28, 1881. 

122 IV. Elizabeth Heyward Jervey, Oct. 3, 1883. 

Francis Johnstone Jervey [Theodore Dehon*, James 3, 
Thomas^, David^], born November 17, 1857; married Sep- 
tember 29, 1886, Ida Morris; d. March 13, 1895. 
Issue : 

123 I. Annie Arden Jervey, h. July 21, 1887. 

124 11. Thomas M. Jervey, h. N'ov. 9, 1888. 

125 III. Theodora Jervey, h. Sept. 15, 1891. 

126 lY. Francis J. Jervey, h, ^ov. 26, 1893. 


The Palmetto Regiment in Mexico. — The following 
most interesting letter in regard to the conduct of the Pal- 
metto Regiment in Mexico is in possession of Mr. Wade 
Hampton Gibbes, of Columbia, who has kindly permitted 
it to be copied for publication here: 

Addressed : 

His Excellency 

Gov. David Johnson 


South Carolina 

United States, 

Postmarked : 

Vera Cruz 

Mex Oct 2 


Columbia S C 

22 Oct 


Hd_ Qrs. lst= Brig. Vol. Div 
San Augustine Sept. 2nd^ 1847 

Permit me to condole with you and your State upon the loss of 
one of its citizens, and one of the bravest and noblest officers of the 
army Col- Pierce M. Butler He rose from a sick bed on the 19th^ Ult. 
when his regiment was ordered to march from this place to the battle 
field of Contreras — placed himself at its head, and weak and feeble as 
he then was, encouraged and animated his troops over one of the most 
difficult routes, ever trod by the foot of man- 
On the morning of the 20*^= when the attack was made on the 
enemy's position he threw his regiment across the main road to Mex- 
ico—and poured a fire so terrible and destructive on the enemy's 
masses that the road and corn fields might be said to be left literally 
covered with the dead and dying. 

From Contreras, where the force under Valencia was broken to pieces 
we pursued the routed foe toward Mexico and came up with the main 
body of his army strongly fortified, at the village of Chiribusko — 
Here the odds against that portion of the force which I had the honor 
to command were fearful, five to one at least, with every advantage 
of ground- Nothing however remained for us but to assault and carry 

^ "Columbia" is stricken out and "Limestone Springs" is inserted. 
The regular postage charged was 10c and 5c more for forwarding. 


his position- A check under the circumstances would be equivalent to 
a defeat— even a defeat would result in the entire destruction of the 
army- We advanced therefore against the enemy under one of the 
most terrible fires to which soldiers were ever submitted- The roll of 
musketry was so incessant that it resembled one prolonged continuous 
volley- The conduct of the Palmetto regiment both officers and men, 
on this occasion has never been surpassed on the field of battle- The 
Col whose great and noble qualities had endeared him not only to his 
own regiment but to the whole army having been previously wounded 
as well as having his horse shot under him advanced on foot in the 
front rank of his regiment, animating and encouraging his men, until 
a musket ball through the head terminated his life- The Lieut Col, 
was shot down about twenty minutes afterwards with the colors of 
the regiment in his hand- The major upon whom the command next 
devolved pushed forward his force with spirit and gallantry— and 
though upwards of one third of the number fell on the field the charge 
was successful, the enemy was driven from his position, and hotly 
pursued close to the gates of Mexico- 

I could also speak of the gallantry of the New York and other regi- 
ments of my command in this cannexion — but deem it unappropriate 
in a letter of this character- The victory though one of the most 
glorious ever achieved by American arms has been dearly purchased 
by the sacrifice of some of the noblest spirits of our country- The 
loss of Col- Butler in particular has been deeply felt by the whole 
army To me he was endeared by the strongest ties of love and 
friendship- I mourned over his fall with feelings of deep and heart- 
felt affliction and through my whole hfe, whatever may be my own 
future fate I shall always take a deep interest in all that concerns his 
name and family- Permit me sir to say in conclusion that I trust the 
gallant State upon which his death has shed such lustre will supply 
the place of guardian and protector to his widowed family- 
I have the honor to be Sir 
Your obdt Servt 

Ja-'^: Shields 

His Excellency 

David Johnson 

Gov. of S. C. 

Brig Genl 

Endorsed: Brig. Geni. Shields 
2 Sep. 1847 
Death of Gen'. Butler. 
Copy forwarded to Mrs- Butler 
27 Oct 47. 


A MiscHiEFMAKER Among THE Cherokees li^ 1775. — The 
following affidavit in relation to a British emissary among 
the Cherokees in 1775 was purchased by Prof. Yates Snow- 
den, now of the chair of history at the South Carolina Col- 
lege, at the sale of the J. H. V. Arnold collection in IsTew 
York last year: 

Ninety Six District t 

Before us James Mayson, and John Caldwell 
Two of his Majestys Justi(2es Assigned to keep the peace in Ninety 
Six District — Personally Came and Appeared Mi". Robert Goudey, who 
being duly Sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God, Deposeth 
and Sayeth, That this Day a Certain Cherokee Indian, Named the 
Man Killer of Keowee Formerly now Seneca Informed him this De- 
ponent That Some Few Days ago, a certain John Vann Told the In- 
dians in the Cherokee Nation that they must fall upon the White 
people on This Side Savanah River and kill them (Meaning the people 
of South Carolina) That the Other Side Savanah they must let alone, 
and Further Says That M^. Alexander Cameron Sent to the over Hill 
Warriors and That on their Comeing he gave them presents of Rum 
and That they Returned home with it, and That this talk of Vans was 
Delivered in Seneca Town House, That the Indians Told Vann they 
Could not go to War, that they had no Ammunition 

Robt Gouedy 

Sworn to before us this lOt^i; Day } 

of July, at 12. "Clock at Night f Jn^ Caldwell 

J as.. Mayson 

First Endorsement : Robt. Gouedy 
about the Cherokees— 

Second Endorsement : Rob^. Goudy's affidavit 
10 July 1775. on Indian 

The Capture oe Fort Charlotte. — In the January, 1900, 
issue of this magazine several documents were printed 
(pp. 44-51) among the Council of Safety papers relating to 
the taking of Fort Charlotte — the first overt act of the Revo- 
lution so far as South Carolina was concerned. Those docu- 
ments show that the fort was captured by Major James 
Mayson, of the 3rd. Regiment (Rangers) of South Carolina 
regulars, with the companies of Captains Caldwell and Kirk- 


land of the same regiment. The following report, made by 
Capt. Caldwell to Major May son and forwarded by him to 
the Council of Safety, was purchased at the Arnold sale in 
'New York last year by Prof. Yates Snow^den, now of the 

South Carolina College: 

Fort Charlotte ITt^: July 1775 

I have Sent you Inclosed, a Return of the Artillerey Ammunition 
and Stores of Fort Charlotte— I have with Captain Whitefield's As- 
sistance examined the State of the Garrison Officer's House and Bar- 
racks Stores & Ca. — I find the Walls both top and Sides in absolute 
need of being new painted, The Magazine Requires to to be new plais- 
tered and the Oven is quite useless — As there is no platformes, and 
but few very Indiff erant Carriages, the Great Guns are by that means 
rendered unserviceable, the Officers house is barely Tenantable, and 
upon the mode upon which it is Constructed, is incapable of Repair — 
The Barracks and Store houses want new sills, in Consequence of that 
a full Repair — From the best Information I can get M^, Allen Cam- 
meron, has absolutely declined excepting the Commission Confered 
upon him by this Country, as I am Told from good authority that he 
Received his Commission in a Letter from Maj^^. Williamson that he 
did not think it worth his while to Return an answer I shoud be much 
Obliged to you to Write to the Council of Safety on this Occasion . 

I am Si". 

Yr. Verry Hui Set. 
Jno Caldwell 
First Endorsement : Capt John Caldwell 

17tii. July 1775. Answered 

the 18t^i — to be laid before the 

Honbie. The Council of Safety. 
Second Endorsement: Capt. Caldwell to 

17 July 1775 — containing 

state of Fort Charlotte 

Reed. 25th. 

Provisioning Soldieks in 1775. — The following is another 
of the documents purchased by Prof. Yates Snowden at the 
Arnold sale in New York: 

Receiv'd of the Contracter for Victualling the two Regiments of Foot 
in the Provincial Service Seven thousand three hund^ & Eighty two 
rations of different Species for the use of the First Regiment being 
from the 29fi>. day of June to the 31^*. day of July both days included 
and for which I have signed two Receipts of this tenor & date 

Sims White 
Charles Town 31>^t. July 1775— Qr. Master- 

Endorsed: Qu'\ Master White's 
Certificate to Contrac- 
tor 31 July 1775- 


One of General Winn^'s Orders. — The following order 
from Gen. Richard Winn to one of his colonels has been 
copied from the original in possession of Prof. Yates 

. Winn's borough 4th. May 1787 

You will please to Order a General Muster of your Regiment at 
Beaver Creek on Wednesday the 30th. of this Ins*. Tho if you can 
make it Convenient I had much Rather the Rendezvous would be at 
Granby, . • 

The Governor & myself will be at the Review, I shant go into pertic- " 
ulars you being an Old Officer, Only beg leave to Mention that it will 
be necessary for your Officers & Men to Appeare in the best Man- 
ner, if the Officers have Not Side Arms let them take Guns, you will 
direct your Capts. to make you Accurate Returns of their Companyes 
on the day of Review 

As it is possible your Regiment may Not be fully Officred I have here- 
with sent you Ten Blank Commissions, which you will please to have 
fil'd up & delivered to Such Gentlemen as may be Appointed, Observ- 
ing to Commission no person but such that will have a true Sense of 
theire Appointment- 

You will Also Receive Ten feint Coppies of Militia Law's which you 
will distribute to your Officers, I shall Leave All Others Maters to 
your Good judgement 

& beg Leave to Subscribe myself 

with due Consideration 
/ Sir 

Your Most Obedient Serv*. 
Richard Winn 

Just below the name on this letter is this memorandum 
in pencil: "Gen, Winn succeeded Gen. Henderson as Brig. 
Gen. appointed by the Gov. & Council l^ov. 21, 1783" 

Logan. — "Died, on Saturday last, William Logan, Esq. a 
native of this State, aged 75 years and six months. Mr. 
William Logan was a grandson of George Logan, Esq. one 
of the first settlers in this state, who came from Aberdeen 
(Scotland) in the year 1690; ,a colonel in the British armj^ 
then stationed in Charleston.'' — The Times (Charleston.^ S. 
C), Monday, June 7, 1802. 

Some Reyolutiokary Soldiers. — ''Dr. William Keith, 
jun. is appointed a Physician and Surgeon to the General 
Hospital, in the Room of the Deceased Dr. Air." — The South- 
Carolina and American General Gazette, Thursday, July 3, 


*'Died at his plantation in St. John, Berkley county, 
major Ephraim Mitchell, of the late 4th, or artillery regi- 
ment, raised in this state on continental establishment, and 
late surveyor general of this state." — The City Gazette ^ 
Daily Advertiser, Friday, March 16, 1792. 

Died.] Yesterday, Mr. James Johnson, formerly a lieuten- 
ant in the 2d Pennsylvania regiment on continental estab- 
lishment." — The City Gazette ^- Daily Advertiser, Friday, 
April 6, 1792. 

"Last Sunday morning died at Sandy Hill, occasioned by 
a fall from his horse the preceding evening Lieut. Col. 
STEWART,of the Maryland line, whose untimely death is much 
lamented by his acquaintance, particularly by the officers 
belonging to the arm^^-^His remains were on Monday 
morning brought to town, and in the afternoon interred in 
St. Philip's Church yard, with military honours, attended 
by a great number of nis brother officers, and many of the 
inhabitants."^- 2^Ae South- Carolina Weekly Gazette, Saturday, 
March 29, 1783. 

"Deaths. At Amelia township, Dr. Alexander Rogers, 
surgeon to Col. Thomson's regiment. His attention to the 
duties of his profession joined to a benevolent heart, gained 
him many friends, who now regret his death."— J'Ae South- 
Carolina and A7nerican General Gazette, Thursday, October 
29, 1778. 

The Jews of South Carolina.— Dr. Barnett A. Elzas's 
book with the foregoing title is out at last, the delay having 
been caused by a strike in the printing house of the J. B. 
Lii)pincott Company, from the press of which the book was 
issued. The volume consists of 352 pages of' printed mat- 
ter and 12 illustrations. It is undoubtedly the handsomest 
extensive work bearing exclusively on South Carolina ever 
brought out, the typography, paper and mechanical execu- 
tion being of the highest order. As a piece of scientific 
work it has no superior in South Carolina bibliography and 
few superiors in the bibliography of America.' Dr. Elzas 
has scarcely left a stone unturned in working up his topic; 
every available source of information has been luost pains- 
takingly investigated, and the material brought to light l.y 
him is enough to cause one to marvel. The manner in 
\v\\'u'.h he lias put his material together is admirable, and the 
style, force and vigor of the work disclose the splendid 
scholarship of the writer. 


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The South CaroHna 

Historical and Genealogical 


YOL. YII. APRIL, 1906. ISTo. 2. 


\_Coniinued from the January number.'] 


The 20 november head quarters 
Dear Sir 

his excellency wrote to Congress some days ago in 
order to recommend Mr de coigny, actually Major in the 
french service, who desires to be employed in this with the 
rank of Lieutenant colonel — after general Washington's 
speacking for him, any thing from me can be but very weak 
and even very useless — however I think it my duty, as well 
as becoming to desire of seeing him employed to let you 
know. Sir, how interesting it seems to me to have that officer 
in our cavalry — a good officer of horse is not a short matter 
to be formed — Mr de coigny enjoyed a fine military repu- 
tation in a corps much reputed itself in our army last war — 
his kind of duty had a great likeness with this of our light 
dragoons, and g'ral pulaski well convinced how such a man 
could be useful and to himself and to the advantage of the 
service expressed me the greatest desire of his being em- 
ployed and in expecting an answer from Congress took him 
at his quarters. 

I gave you by my last the trouble of sending some supplies 
to that poor fellow who expects from me since five months. — 


as Congress has been kind enough as to except him from the 
general arrangement I am not in any doubt about his get- 
ting a commission in my family. 

I am just now going from this place with a detachment 
under Mj' genl green e — I hope my wound w'ont be much 
hurted — I shall never reproach myself loosing any occasion 
of doing something, as far as it can be for my present situa- 
tion, or to speak better the inaction I am in. 
with the greatest affection and esteem I am till the last 
moment of my life 

Dear Sir Your most obedient servant 

the Mis de Lafayette 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
Eec^ 28 Nov 1777- 

• [7.] 
Addressed: The honble Henry Laurens Esq'"- 
President of Congress 

White Marsh the 29 november 1777 
Dear Sir 

how I am obliged to you for the charming parcell of 
letters I received yesterday All the feeling of your heart 
will certainly convince you, if you remember in this moment 
every thing, every body, love or friendship has ever given 
your soul an attachment for — I found there that my friends 
of all age and sex were in very s^ood health the 14 July — I 
found that they keep the remembrance I can wish, of that 
man who is called ir. france the american entousiast — I found 
also that I was lately father of a female child — but nothing 
about war, and indeed the date is too old for any good niews 
of that kind — I received your's some days ago with the 
greatest pleasure, and all your intelligences seem to me so 
strong that I have no more any doubt or at least very light 
ones about france being ready to over power proud england 
under the superiority of her arms — I'l be much obliged to 


you if you are so good as to let me know every niews you'l 
hear from my country. 

the bearer of my letter Mr de fleury who was in fort miflin, 
and as he is recommended by his excellency I have nothing 
more to say but that I am very sensible of his good conduct — 

I'l be much obliged to you if you let me know when I can 
wrait to france — I chuse rather to put my letters in pacquets 
going from Congress by paquet boats than to send them on 
board of merchant schips even of armed ones — those pacquet 
boats arrive always very fast and very safe — As I fancy 
that some of them will go of very soon I wish to know when 
I must send my pacquets — amongs the other letters I'l in- 
close one for the first minister where I shall acquaint him 
that General bourgoigne is going over to england — if war 
was not declared that advice would be perhaps an induce- 
ment to begin real hostilities — I wishoud you would be so 
good as to tell me what you think about bourgoigne's em- 
barkation and where vessels of transport and provisions will 
come from 

his excellency has been pleased to let you know a very small 
engagement on the other side of delaware — tho it is very 
trifling in itself, tho no kind of merit at all can bo on the 
account of the general officer who wash}' chance with tbem, 
however I have had the greatest pleasure to see by my own 
eyes with what bravery and alacrity a little rcconnoitering 
party of less than three hundred men the half militia has 
repelled very far with a great loss a body of 350 hessians with 
field pieces, notwithstanding two british reinforcements and 
strong ones (for two english captains have been killed there) 
— general greene who arrives just now acquaints me that 
besides those above mentioned captains and the killed hes- 
sian officer, two captains of the same nation have been 
wounded — therefore I hope their loss greater than I thought 
— I was there nothing almost but a witness, but I was a very 
pleased one in seeing the behaviour of our men. 

Mr de fleury received just now the commission of lieuten- 
ant colonel, I think he wo'nt go to day to Congress, and I 


send this letter by one other occasion — with the most tender 
sentiments of an eternal affection I have the honor to be 

Dear Sir Your most obedient servant 

the Mquis de Latayette 

all the letters I receive from frenchmen are full of their 
gratefulness for your own particular kindness towards them 
will you be so good as to accept my thanks for them and 
for myself, and to join here ray sincere ones on account of 
the appointment of Mr de la colombe — my compliments if 
you please to Mr richard henry lee, Mr Moriss and the other 
gentelemen of my acquaintance 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
29 I^ov 1777 
Eec"^- 5 Decem- 


Addressed: to 

The honorable Mr henry laurens president 
of Congress 

York town 

headquarters the 3*^ december 
Dear Sir 

the bearer is the chevalier de failly lieutenant 
colonel in our service who has made this campaign under 
general gates where he deserved his greatest approbation — 
he is in the french service since toward thirty years and he 
behaved always there in a manner which do honour to sol- 
diership — his frankness, delicacy, and disinterested zeal for 
our cause deserves a particular regard — he is now going to 
congress and }:e desired me to recommend him to you — I do 
not see any thing extraordinary or unjust in his wishes, and 
I must confess tViat it is a particular pleasure for me to ad- 
dress you french gentlenif^n worthy of the country they are 
coming from. 

I expect to hear from you about some occasions going to 
franco; I wish heartily you could hear from us about Mr 


howe being repulsed in case he would attack us; we had 
some expectations those first days, but I begin to give up all 
my pleasant hopes of luring him out of his redoubts. 

With the most tender aifection and friendship I have the 
honor to be 

dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the Mqiiis de Lafa^^ette 
Endorsed: Marquis delafajette 
3^ Rec^ 7 Decem 

At the gulph the 14 december 1777 
Dear Sir 

I. advise you to take care for your self in making 
the least excuse to me, because thousand and thousand will 
fall immediately upon you, with all the rapidity of a torrent, 
— and then my heart will indulge itself the repeated and 
tedious assurances of my gratefulness, which you deserved 
by this apology of your last letter — but, sir, friendship do 
not admit such compliments, and, therefore I wish heartily 
they should be removed from us — I am very well convinced 
of the immense quantity of businesses which employ all the 
moments of your life, — give me leave to tell you that you 
would be quite wrong, if your time was spent in serious oc- 
cupations as far as to hurt your health and constitution — 
then the trifling advantage of some hours would certainly 
prevent you from being useful to your country for months 
or years on account of sickness and inconveniences attending 
too hard and tiring occupations — however, tho' troublesome 
I might be, my confidence is such that I'l apply always to 
you in the least circumstances, and the president of Congress 
as well as my friend will receive all my adresses in every 
occasion — I beg only leave of making two rules between us 
— the first, that when I schall ask some thing to you im- 
proper, unjust, or not becoming with the regulations or in» 


terests of your country, the president of Congress will never 
know any thing of the matter neither take any notice of it 
— ray second rule is that you schall never think yourself 
obliged to an\^ answer, to any execution of my desires &c. &c. 
till the moment where your business will leave you in mil 
liberty of doing it. such is the the plan which must be fixed 
upon among us. 

the bearer of the present the chevalier de failly ran away 
from you some days ago without any leave, without think- 
ing of his rendi-vous, on account of the approach and fight- 
ing-like maneuvre of general howe — I assured him that you 
would excuse such an impolite desertion — he feels the great- 
est gratefulness for your kind reception — these are the sen- 
timents of all the french gcntelemon who have had some 
occasions of knowing you — I can tell you without compli- 
ment that never man acquired the love and confidence of a 
stranger nation, so far as you are beloved and trust upon by 
all my country men I know here — I wish the same way 
schould have been taken every where, and every body would 
have been satisfied with much lesser expense, of Congress 
and greater advantages on both side. 

I received a letter from the viscount de montroy who has 
the same rank in france as the baron de Kalb, and made the 
same convention with Mr Silas deane — he seems to me very 
aftronted to have been left when the baron de Kalb was ad- 
mitted in our Service — this genteleman is one of my coun. 
tr) men of the most recommendable in this part of the world 
for his wit, genius, and civil reputation — however Mrlovell 
told to a french ofiicer that he-had wrote a very improper 
letter to Congress — I hope that you will be so good as to let 
me know the truth of it. 

I am very sensible of the mark of confidence I received 
from Congress in being appointed to a division of the army 
— I wish to deserve it by my own and my division's conduct 
principally when happy occasions may present themselves 
to us — my tenderest and warmest attachment for our re- 
spectable and great general has made myself very desirous 


to be at the head of his country men — it is with a s^reat 
pleasure that I heard aplenty of cloathes and blankets would 
arrive soon in camp — give me leave to make to you the fol- 
lowing reflexion — do'nt you think that as the ^N'orthern pro- 
vinces have been well provided since the beggining of the 
war (and indeed I saw yet yesterday large parcels of goods 
distributed among them) some^more attention schould be 
payed to our poor nacked Virginians who have always (ought 
without any ressource, alwais in the oppened field, and under 
general Washington ? I wishoud that a great plenty of coats 
could arrive together in camp, and not parcel by parcel, in 
order to distribute them at once and make some uniformity 
in the several regiments which is a thing much more im- 
portant than it seems to be — when a small quantity is brought 
here we are obliged to attend first to those unhappy wretches 
theyr nackedness prevents entirely from making any duty, 
and who expect the moment of perishing by sickness or 
changing theyr deplorable situation by desertion— of those 
quite nacked fellows incapable of service for want of cloathes, 
shoes &c. I have many in my division, and I can't express 
to you how it makes myself uneasy. 

1 have been acquainted with a very great pleasure of the 
measures which Congress will take tor the sake of this army 
— first in giving to our ofiicers that consideration, and idea 
of themselves which is absolutely necessary — Military life is 
full of labours, dangers, inconveniences of every kind — in 
the middle of theyr distresses, and suflTerings we want to 
entertain a merry, willing, and alwais ready spirit — but how 
can you expect that they will go through the hardships of 
war with that so desirable alacrity, if honor, if even a kind 
of pride does not sustain them — honor will raise from praises 
due to bravery and good conduct — do'nt tell never lie has 
done his duty men must receive thanks for doing merely that 
very same duty as well as they ought to be punished when 
they neglect it — the other point schall be carried on in mak- 
ing the commissions honorable and desirable for every gen- 
tleman of whatever fortune he can be— I'l let you know as 


my friend that I intend for this purpose to pay to the lieu- 
tenants of my division the same politeness and regard which 
is payed here to generals officers and sometimes refused to .^ 
a colonel — one other thing very agreeable to me is to hear 
that the divisions and regiments will be completed this winter 
by taking them out of militia — it is the only way of getting 
an army, it is, I dare say, the only way of opposing ourselves 
to what ever ennemy england can send to us — the same men 
who are now scatered in the country, plundering the inhabi- 
tants, and bold every where but before the ennemy, will make 
good, fine, disciplined soldiers, under the niew strict rules 
and which I hope, will be established upon a general plan and 
extenuated upon the best military principles 

I received several letters from general connway by which 
I foresee he will stay in this country — according to that 
highly pleasant project he spocke you of, I believe that you 
mean some ideas about the east indias — as Mr de cannway 
has been in garrison in the isle de f ranee 1 desired from him 
several times some particularities about the matter — that pro- 
ject wants a man at the head of it who by his weight in 
f ranee could undertake things which would loose a gentle- 
man less firm in that countrv by his connexions and all our 
others french prejugus — influence about court is not only 
necessary he must have some fortune to risk expensive en- 
terprizes — these considerations engaged me to believe that 
I could be of some use to america if in the same time that 
I am fighting here, I would induce the french ministry in 
supporting enterprizes which schall certainly finish by a war 
between Irance and england — I have therefore the pleasure 
to inform you that by Mr de valfort I wrote a long letter to 
the count de maurepas, whom I desire to consider himself 
and propose to the King in my name the following project — 
intrusted with commissions of congress, with very smallest 
succours (because I represent that in the circumstances 
america ca'nt make great efforts) I offer myself to engage a 
part of my fortune in collecting some vessels arms &c. &c. 
I ask only from the king to order the governors of the french 


american islands, and principally this of the isle de france, 
in the east indias not to put any obstacle to my operations, 
and even to favour them — then I answer to them that some 
english establishments (perhaps all) will be destro'ied with- 
out any expense neither from france neither from america — 
this project wants to be explained in very long terms what 
I'l do at our first enterview — to be short on the matter I'l 
tell only to you — first that I employed all the knowledge of 
this court I can have to make the king and his minister in 
love with this project — the second that I engaged no body 
there but myself, that I have promised nothing in the world 
to them, because I think a plan between both nations must 
be calculated for theyr common advantage in it — the third 
that I selected from all the romanesqu.e of this project, all 
what it has reasonable and practicable in itself — the fourth 
that I am certain that in our first conversation you'l find that 
what I have done and mean to do answers every purpose for 
the interests of america. 

I have wrote by the same occasion to the governor ot 
martinico, a gentleman whom I can depend upon, and I am 
certain he will do every thing in his power for me — I pro- 
pose to him the following enterprise — I could make a voy- 
age in these islands for two months in all — and from there 
ri take proper measures to fall in the english possessions, 
destroy the inhabitants, take away the negros &c &c — which 
operations tho done in my name, upon my credit, and under 
american colours, would certainly be the cause of -a great 
dispute betwen france and england, as well as of some 
advantage for america. I expect answers about those two 
points, and if they are agreed I schall lay down my projects 
before congress and submit them to theyr jugement and in- 
structions. I ask from you, sir, a great secrecy; you can only 
let them be known to few members of congress you can de- 
pend upon as upon yourself, but if some others schould be 
acquainted of it, I foresee indiscretions and bad consequences. 
In case the above project schould take place, and the opera- 
tions of war schould want my presence here, then I'l direct 


officers and gentlemen I can depend upon to act under my 
name, my expenses and my instructions. 

You will be perhaps surprised that I did not speack to 
any body in america about those ideas and undertakings of 
mine — but, sir, it would not answer any purpose but to let 
me have some assurances that america is satisfied with my 
conduct — Arid tho' agreable and highly pleasant it could be 
to me to think that this country believes myself of some use 
to it, however I want more to serve america and the 
cause of liberty and mankind than to be thanked for those 
services. I wishoud theretore to conceal my measures till 
the moment when favorable answers should make myself 
al)le to proceed directly to the execution, and in case of re- 
fusals no body should have known any thing of it. but as 
I see congress ready to engage itself in some undertakings 
of that kind I thought it my duty to let you know what I 
have already done by the first opportunity you'l furnish me 
with I'l explain myself upon a greater scale. 
if I had had the pleasure to be better acquainted wdth Mr 
John adams or he had applied to me, I would have given 
him every instruction in my power for his succe's in that 
country— it seems to me by your letter that some time will 
be spent in the preparations of his vessel — be so good sir, as 
to let me know how long you think that time will be, be- 
cause I'l have my letters ready and I wish to send them as 
late as possible — I am sorry I have not seen that genteleman 
— he will have thousand questions made to him about me — 
thousand particularities will be inquired in on the same sub- 
ject — I do not know how he will answer — for there he will 
hear more from me perhaps in two hours, than he ever heard 
since my arrival for avoiding to him the trouble of answer- 
ing to thousatid about a point he do'nt know much of, make 
to liim a little lesson he will repeat the first day, and after 
it he must shut the shop, and all those importune questions 
about a man unknown to him must be over. 
I do'nt deserve indeed, sir, any compliment for our little 
victory of the jersays. that advantage had (I must confess) 


something very clever but it is much more owned to the 
bravery of my little party than to any disposition or opera- 
tion on my part. I was there nothing more than a witness 
I am indeed very importune to wrait so long a letter, 
you'l hnd me very troublesome, and I make haste to put an 
end to it by the short assurance of the eternal friendship I 
am with 

dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the mquis de Lafayette 

the chevalier de failly if he obtains the leave of a Canadian 
corps desires very much he could be annexed to my division, 
and indedd that idea is very pleasing to me 

As the french war is not confirmed I begin to conceive 
some very bad doubts, on this matter. I wish with a great 
ardour to get clear of them 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

14 Decem 1777 Eec^ 18^ 

Dear Sir 

My attachment for your cause, for yourself, for 
general Washington engage me to express freely the senti- 
ments of my heart — you will find perhaps my confidence 
very importune upon a so delicate point — but it is in the 
same time a so important one that I want to know if my 
fears are groundless or if I must give up the flattering hopes 
which upon this occasion every lover of liberty and mankind 
had a true right to entertain — I am fully convinced that if 
any dissenssion take place in the Congress, in the army, or 
betwen the militar and the civil power of this niew feeble 
country, amcrica is lost for ever — what must I think when 
I hear from every where the party of such a one, this of one 
other, the northen, the southern interest and all those dis- 
tinctions betwen members of a body which can not have 
any strenght but by the most strictest union — remember, 
my dear sir, what lord north promised to your most cruel 


and tyrannic ennemys, when he foresaw in one of his speeches 
that dissensions should take place one day or another among 
the several states the several members of congress, and fa- 
cilitate the succe's and veiigence of a master who is now as 
thirsty of your blood as he was before of your liberties and 
properties — in all the niews papers, in all the conversations, 
in all the speculations of ministers and powerfuU men I 
have alwa'is heard those two ideas united together,, some 
members of congress (as we are told) do not agree amongh 
themselves, therffore america is lost and submitted — heaven 
has removed till this time from our ennemies the perfect 
knowledge of great many particularities which strike my 
eyes, which I see with the greatest concern, but they will 
know it soon, you are surrounded by secret enemys, you 
have thousand among you, some perhaps in Congress itself 
— if howe should know in this moment our present circum- 
stances, I dare not say what my mind foresees — 
it is perfectly clear to every body that Congress is divided 
in three parts — the first and I wish it can be the more num- 
erous, those virtous citizens, who desire truly happiness 
succes and freedom to the whole continent, without any base 
self interest, without particular ambition, without 
for any part of that world which they try to make happy — 
the second part is what is called the southern party, or 
gates's faction, or mifiin's forces, and every other denomina- 
tion according to the power of the gentlemen who are con- 
cerned in it — the third part is the northern faction — those 
two last were since a long time silently working one against 
another, but now ready to breake up in open dissenssions — 
let us consider what has been done since some days. 
iremral s-ates's succe's have turned all the heads and raised 
his party to the highest degree — some have been audacious, 
ungrateful, and foolish enough as to hope it would reflect 
on general Washington's reputation and honor — men indeed 
to be pitied as well as despised! — they erect themselves ab- 
solute judges without having the less idea not only of mili- 
tary knowledge, but even of common sense — genl gates (and 


I did not believe that any comparison could be ever made 
between both) general gates, I say, was in the middle of the 
woods, expecting an ennemy who could arrive to him by one 
single road — no danger of being turned by the right or the 
left — no march to be made without his knowledge — a great 
superiority of number — it was almost impossible to him not 
to conquer, — which marches, which movements, what has 
he done in all to compare him to that hero who at the head 
of sixteen hundred peasants pursued last winter a strong 
disciplined army through an open and vast country — to that 
great general w^ho is born for the salvation of his country 
and the admiration of the universe — yes, sir, that very same 
campaign of last winter w^ould do one of the finest part of 
the life of Csesar Conde, turenne, and those men whose any 
soldier can not pronounce the name without an entousiastik 
adoration — in the last summer obliged to give battle in a 
plain (,in that moment where the troops are all, and the 
general almost nothing in comparison of his influence in the 
course of the campaign) he has been defeated by a superior 
number, by the discipline by the moral and phisick necessity 
he was under to loss the first general engagement in open 
field — the great conde would have been defeated in such 
circumstances — and yet, if in german town his order of battle 
(one of the finest I ever saw) had been followed by some 
general officer whom I will not name perhaps he w^ould have 
been successfull — there are men who are 'surprised that he 
do'nt attack the redoubts because gnl gates has been into 
some trifling lines — believe me, sir, I am candid and frank, 
I dare say that I am not quite stranger in the military way, 
if we go there in our present circumstances we are ruined 
for ever — consult if you will general portail one of the best 
and most honest officers upon this continent he will tell you 
that taking Philadelphia is as impossible as to storm the 
moon — I told to general Washington and I repeat to you, if 
we attack now those redoubts I make very willingly the 
bargain of coming back with one single arm and the half 
part of the army, and certainly it would be a very advantage- 


ous one — but, sir, all those men who talk of storming the 
lines of beating gb.howe are stranger to our circumstances, 
or desirous to engage gl Washington in a step where he could 
fall — believe that upon my word. 

however if you should loose that same man, what would be- 
come of the american liberty? who could take his place? 
certainly some body should raise from the earth — for now I 
do not any body, neither in the south neither in the north, 
neither gates neither mifflin, neither greene (you see that I 
put them all without distinction) who could keep an ameri- 
can army for six months — general Washington is my friend 
my tiderest friend it is true, but I assure you that I have not 
the least partiality in what I wrote to you. for grl gates I 
consider him, I hsve a great regard for him, I think he de- 
serves the praises as well as the gratefulness of every one in 
his country, but I do not bear any comparison with our 

give me leave to tell you how I am surprised of the little 
regard pay'd to grl Washington in this instance — since some 
time a board of war has been established and taken in a cer- 
tain faction to restrain his authority — A distinction has been 
made between his army and this of general gates — the 
northen department the commander in chief of the northen 
troops and so on— gates himself did never give to him any 
account of his operations and succe's — resolves of congress 
(and which resolves good god!) are sent every day to stop 
his operations and push him in very bad ones — and now a 
major general, inspector general, a kind of superintendent 
of all the army with about the same rights as du condray 
could ever desire in the artillerie is sent to him without his 
participation — he is not acquainted of a word of it till grl 
connway appears himself— indeed he does not deserve that 
neglect, I say more that kind of insult — if you could know 
in what circumstance it happens — what letter had been wrote 
by the same gentleman— but if general Washington has been 
nioderate enough as to keep the silence about this matter I 
schall imitate him: 


I want however to let you know which effects that promo- 
tion has made in the army — every brigadier thinks himself 
afronted to the last degree — all will give theyr dismission — 
what circumstances if the ennemy had some knowledge of 
it — try, my dear sir, to establish some peace in all that con- 
fusion, the sooner will be the best, if it would go a degree 
further great inconveniences should arise congress is not to 
make use of his authority in this instance — such a step in 
this moment would be too dangerous — believe me, sir, be- 
lieve my interest for the cause, for yourself, for gl.. washing- 
ton, this is one of the most important crisis americahas ever 
been in. 

general connway is a good an brave officer (and without 
minding his moral qualities) as he is an excellent major of 
infanterie, he could be useful for the instruction of our 
troops — do not believe however that the department of man- 
euvres, administration of rgts &c is a very difficult thing, 
every man who is not stupid and has been six months in a 
french garrison must be pretty far advanced in that so easy 
knowledge but certainly no body can deny that kind of 
merit to Mr de connway to a very high degree. 
I am sorry that Congress is so far advanced — it will be des- 
agreable to be obliged to go back — it will be very dangerous 
to proceed — I admire in this occasion the perfect silence and 
moderation of our commander in chief. 
I know very well your sentiments upon those matters — how- 
ever I desire to have a line from you upon these subjects — I 
promise you the same secrecy and care of burning your let- 
ters which I beg for the present — explain me, sir, by what 
chance so little regard is pay'd to general Washington — I am 
very certain you do not approve such a neglect — I am not 
in any doubt about your sentiments for that ungratefulness 
which some reward that respectable man with — I beg your 
pardon in being so free, but as I am a friend of peace those 
dissentions revolt me so much that I could not help myself 
of mentionning it to 3'OU 
I have been very sorry to hear how you was under the 


tjranic domination of a troublesome goute — slavery in gen- 
eral and so bad one as tbis sbould never attend you. fare- 
well my dear sir and worthy friend, I am witb the most 
tender aifection, the most warmest wishes for the liberty 
happiness of your country, for the union of her sons, the 
succe's of our cause, and your own satisfaction 
Your most obedient servant 

the Mquis de Lafayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
Hec^ 5 January 1778. 
[ To he continued in the next number of this magazine. ] 


\_Continued from the January number.'] 



Addressed: Major Harlestoii 

2^: reg^.S° C*- 

Retiirn of the Officers & Serv*'.. of the Second S".. Carolina 

reg*. — 

Maj"" Harleston white Eob*.. Gambell 

Capt°.. Maz jck blk. . .Feter 

Capt"".. Warley 

Capf^ Shubrick blk...Peter 

Capt^. Baker 

Capt°.. Provaux 

Capt^. Mason 

Capt^. Gray white Ferguson 

Lieut*.. Foissin , do Tom: Oliver 

D Kolb blk York 

L*. . Langford , 

L\. Frierson do.. .Julius 

L\. Ogier 

L*.. Evans blk Peter 

L* Legare white ..Lamb 

L* Dun bar '. d° Jn** Sparrow 

L* Hart... • 

Lt.. Mazyck blk ..Eobin 

Pay Master Gray D° Tom 













Guard Sergt: '. 


Corp'— Lions 

Capt Mazjck 



















Return of the S".. Caro: 2^ Egt: prisoners of war at Haddrells 

Major Harleston Robert Gamble 

Capt.. Mazyck. Toney 


Shubrick Peter 

Baker Joe 

Proveaux Harry 

in Town Mason 

Gray Ferguson ...... 

Lts.. Martin 

Foissin Oliver 



Frierson Julius 


Evans Peter 

Legare Lamb 

Dunbar Sparrow 


Mazyck Robin 

Pay Mas': Gray Tom— 

On Back : Be the Hearts blood spilled that does the Act. 
the tongue accursed that durst avow the purpose, & the Hand 
blasted that obeys the Order 




Return of the S^ S Car^ Reg* Prisoners of War at Hadrells 
Point 20 Jan. 1781 

Lt Col°. Henderson Kneller a Slave 

Captains, F. Warley Jo'., a Slave 

Smith Peter MGrew 

Jo". Warley 

Goodwyn Peter a Slave 

in the country Buchanan Jn". Campbell 

Town Baker Will a Slave 

Farrer Jacob Bruncin 


Pollard Will"^. Myrack 

Lieuts— Goodwyn W"". Partridge 

Smith Jn" Peterkin 

MGwire Jo' Williams 

Doc Martin Jn" Caldwell 

James Sword Taylor 
Merry MGwire 

Adjt. 3' Regt . 



[Segoud TO Major Isaac Harleston.] 

Addressed: Major Harleston* 

of the South CaroHna line 

8 march 1781 

having been inform 'd by mr. edwar [a letter or two gone] 
that the pay of the legionary officers had been left into your 
hands — I desir'd the lieut. 20th to wait upon you to receive 
it and bring it to me who as the eldest officer of the corps 
am better acquaint'd with their circumstances and will pay 
them off to their satisfaction undouptely you got our pay 
roll and know the capts have the majors of infantry's pay 
5Qdoiiars ^|^g YiQwK 33''-S aud the cornet— 26*'-J 
I heard that the Staff was to be pay'd their extra; and in 
consequence of it the officers of the lines was not not to be 
pay'd till that money comes but as there is no such instance 
in the remanes of the corps I think that if the money of ours 
is in your hands the desire of our officers is to receive it 
sooner than latter some of them tho the sum small being 
still in want of it. 

undouptely the money coming to the prisoners of the 16*^ of 
august now present on hadrills-point, and belonging to the 
legion is in your hand; if so as they are in the same quarter 
and of the same opinion they hope you'll be pleas'd to convey 
their money by the lieut. roth— 
I am Sir 

with respect 

your most obed 

* "Henderson" was stricken out and "Harleston" inserted after 



[Mrs. Elizabeth Harth to Major Isaac Harleston.] 

Addressed: To • 

Capf". Isaac Harlston 
Hadrels point 

Charles Town May 30: 1781— 
The Schoolmaster and the Doctor that attended Miss 
Agnus Parkerson Calls on me and threatens to sue me for 
Payment, and as you were to kind as to tell me you would 
see that Paid, & Likewise her Boarding, I thought Proper 
to acquaint you of it first, in hope you will let me know by 
a few Lines, who I am to Call upon for Payment, as it is to 
be paid — immediately I am with Great esteem 

Y'. Obd^ hble Servant 
Elizabeth Harth 
formerly E: Hoi son 
Capt°. Harlston 


[On the fly leaf at the beginning of this book the follow- 
ing order is written : 

Regti. Orders by CoP. Pinckney December 4th : 1777 port Moultrie, 
Orderly Books Containing the Standing Regt^. Orders, to be Observed 
& Obey'd by The Officers, & men of the first Regt. of South Caro- 
lina On the Continental EstabHshment, are Printed in Charles Town, 
Each officer will Supply himself With one of them, & take care to 

Enter all futer orders with the Greatest Punctuallity; 

as The ports dependant on this Fortress are Extensive And should be 
Frequently visited. Each of the Field Officers will keep a horse with 
the Regt., & apply, to The Depty. Quarter Master Geni. for Forrage 
Agreeable to the Continantal Regulation 

The printed " standing regimental orders" follow, cover- 
ing twenty pages. Following these are a number of blank 
pages whereon the orders were kept as follows. The whole 
book is bound in leather and the pages are about four inches 
wide by six long.] 

Orders by Major Scott December 5'^: 1777 

.Parole Independency 

Cap'. Saunders L*. Lavacher & L'. Postell for the fort Guard 
tomorrow — A Court martial to sit this morning for the 
trial of all such prisoners as may be Brought Before them 
all Witness to attend. Cap*. Saunders president of the 
Court. L*- Gadsden Williamson Lavacher and Glover, 

Orders by Major Scott Decern'. 6'\ Day 1777 

Parole Commisade 

Cap*. Cattell D^ Hext & Glover for the Fort Guard Tomor- 
row, A Court Martial to sit this morning for The trial of 
all such prisoners as may be Brought Before them all Evi- 
dences to attend, Cap*. Turner President of the Court L*% 
Grey Weatherly Smith And Simmons Members 


Orders by Major Scott Decem'- 7* day 1778 

Parol e Syll avin 

For Guard tomorrow Cap*. Drayton L*^. Lining & Grey 
Orders by Major Scott Decern^ 8*^: 1778 Parole Cattell. 
For guard tomorrow Cap*. Joor L*^- Gadsden & Simmons 
A Court Martial to sit this morning for the trial of all such 
prisoners as may be brought before them all Witness to at- 
tend Cap*. Theus president of the Court L*^. Hixt Lining 
Jackson & Postell Members 

Orders by Major Scott Decem^. 9^^ day 1777 Parole Boston 
For Guard to morrow Cap*. Turner L*«. Williamson, & 
Weatherly. A Court Martial to sit this Morning for ye trial 
of all such Prisoners as may be brought before them all 
Witness to attend Cap*. Cattell President of y^ Court Lieu- 
tenants Weatherly Smith Jackson & Glover Members 

After Orders by Major Scott Same Date The Major is Sorry 
to Remind army officers of his duty, Especially of a Stand- 
ing Order, where they are Requested not to leave y^ Reg*, 
until after Orderly hours, he therefore injoins them in Futer 
to Adher Closely to this order, otherwise They will put him 
under the Disagreeable JN"ecessity of puting The offender 
under an arrest as he is Determined the Service of the Regt. 
Shall suffer through their N"eglect 

Orders by Major Scott Decem^ 10*^ 1777 Parole Pinckney 
for Guard tomorrow Cap*. Saunders L*^. Jackson & Glover 
A Court Martial to sit this morning for y^ trial of all such 
Prisoners as may be Brought before them all Witness to 
attend Cap*. Drayton President of the Court L*^. Williamson 
Weatherly Jackson and Simmons Members 

Orders by Major Scott December 11*^ 1777 

Parole Coadunation 

For Guard tomorrow Cap*. Cattell L*^. Lavacher and Clif- 
ford, The Serjeant Major Informs me y* y® Serj*^. of Differ- 
ent Companies make it a practice of leaving The Reg*, with- 
out giving him Notice of their leave of Absence, by which 


means he is Rendered Incapible of Xeeping a Regular Ros- 

The Major now Strictly forbids any Serjeant, to leave 
The Regt. Untill they Give such Notice of their leave of 
Absence, to the Serj*. Major, as they may assure Themselves 
that he shall Bring them to a Court Martial 

Head Quarters Charles Town Decern^. 12*^: 1777^ 

Parole Gates 

Cap*. Spencer of CoP. Hugers Batalion having Resign'd his 
Commission he is no Longer to be Considered as a Conti- 
nental officer in that Corps, he is appointed Assistant Dep*3^. 
Quarter master Gen^. of this State, with Rank of Cap*. & is 
to be Obey^. & Respected according, Sign'd Stephen Dray- 
ton Pr,o Adjutant General 

Orders by major Scott December 13*^ day 1777 parole Gates 
Cap*. Drayton L*^. Hixt & Lining fi^r the fort Guard tomor- 
row December 14*^ day 1777— 

Orders by Major Scott Parole Moultrie 

Cap*. Joor vice Cap*. Drayton for Guard this day, as also 
L*. Williamson vice L*. Lining absent, Cap*. Turner L*®. 
Grey & Postell for the fort Guard tomorrow 

Orders by Major Scott Decem^. 15*^ day 1777 

Parole Hertford [> Cap*. Theus L*. Gadsden & Weatherly 
For the fort Guard tomorrow, A Court Martial to sit this 
Morning for the trial of all such Prisoners as may be brought 
Before them all witness to attend Cap*. Theus president of 

The Court L*«. Hixt Williamson Lavacher & Postell 


Orders by Major Scott Decem^. 16^^: 1777 Parole Hermony- 
Cap*. Saunders L*^. Smith & Lavacher for y® fort Guard to- 
morrow Orders by Major Scott Decem^. 17*^: 1777 Parole 
Randolph L*. Grey to mount Guard this Day Cap*. Saun- 
ders in town Capt. Saunders L*^ Hixt & Glover for the fort 
Guard tomorrow 


Head Quarters Charles Town Decern^ 12*1^: 1777 

Gcn^ Orders L*. John Perronnaw having Resigned his Com- 
mission he is no Longer to be Considered as a Continental 

John Sanfort Dart Esq^ is appointed Dep^y. Clothier Gen^ 
to the Continental Troops, in the State of South Carolina 
untill the Pleasure of the Honourable Contmental Congress 

can be known Thereupon 

The Gen^. Thinks proper to Publish in Orders the Follow- 
ing Resolves of J® Honourable House of Assembly of this 
State, Saturday Aug*. 27: 1777 Resolved, That every Sol- 
dier who has or Shall Inlist in any Reg*, of this State in the 
Continental Service Shall Receive Annuelly 1 Blanket 1 
Coat 1 westcoat 1 pair of breeches 1 hat or Cap 2 Shirts 1 
Black Stock or Crevatt 2 pair of Stockings or Legings & two 
pair of Shoes Resolved that this house will make provi- 
sion to Defray any Expence Exceeding the S<^. Twenty Dol- 
lars which may be Incurred In Consequence of the foregoing 


This Donation Lays the army under high Obligation to 

the Honourable House of Assembly 

A Depty. Clothier Genl in Consequence of it will as Eme- 
diately as possible Furnish each Reg^ with the Articles 
Mentioned in the Resolve, which he will take care to pur- 
chase with as Oconimy as possible, he will take his Direc- 
tions, as to the Uniform of Each Reg^ from the Command- 
ing officer thereof, & have the Cloths made to fit the men... 

Orders by major Scott Decem^. W^ day 1777 

Parole Middleton 

For Guard tomorrow Cap*. Cattell L**- Lining & Clifford 
Decem^ 19*^ day 1777 

Orders Major Scott... Parole Magnanimity For Guard 

tomorrow Capt. Turner L*«. Grey and Simmons Decem^. 

20*^ day 1777 

Orders by Major Scott Parole Hampton For Guard to- 
morrow Cap*. TheusL*-. Gadsden and Williamson — A Court 


Martial to sit this morning for the trial of all such Prisoners 
as may be brought Before them all witness to attend Cap'. 
Saunders president of y^ Court L*^. Lining Gadsden Weath- 
erly & Simmons Members 

Orders by Colo^. Pinckney Fort Moultrie Decem^ 21^^: 1777 
Parole Washington 

The CoP. is Inform's that Several of y^ Men when they are 
in Town do not pay the Officers of other Reg*^. the Compli- 
ment which is Due to them, Every non Commissioned 
officer and Private is Therefore hereby Ordered to touch his 
Cap & Give the wall to every Continental officer whome he 
Shall meet, This order to be Read to the men of each Com- 
pany every morning for the Insuing week For Guard 

tomorrow Cap*. Saunders L*«. "Weatherly & Glover Henry 
Welch on account of y^ perticular application of his Cap*. & 
on account of his former Good Behaviour, Before he was 
Guilty of which he was Deservedly broke is appointed a 
Serjeant to Cap*. Theuse's Company & is to be Obey'd and 
Respected as such 

Orders by CoP. Pinckney Fort Moultrie 22^^: Dec^ 1777. 
Parole Redbank 

The new Clothes are to be given out to the men to Day The 
men are to take the Greatest care of them, A Dirty Sluv- 
ingly appearance in any of the men will in futerbe Severely 
Punished, In order y^ Better to preserve the Cloths clean, 
the men are hereby forbid to Sleep in them. The Serjeants 
will take care to see this order Complied with & y^ Subal- 
terns will frequently visit y^ Rooms of Their Respective 

Companies, to se that it is by no means Evaded A Court 

martial is to sit this morning for the trial of all such prison- 
ers as may be brought before Them all Witness to attend 
Cap*. Cattell President of the Court L*^ Hixt Grey Wil- 
liamson & Cliffi^rd Members — For guard tomorrow Capt. 

Cattell L*«. Lavacher & Cliffi^rd 

After orders Decem^. 22^: 1777 no Coasting schooner is to 
pass Fort Moultrie in going out of y® harbour Till further 
orders from Gen^. Moultrie 


Orders by CoP. Pinckney Fort Moultrie 23^ Decern^. 1777 
Parole Comlombas )> The men for guard to appear in their 
'New Cloths A court martial to sit this morning for the 
Trial of all such prisoners as may be brought before Them 
all witness to attend Cap*. Theus President of the Court 

L*^- Linin2j and Simmons Members 

For guard tomorrow Cap*. Turner L*«. Hixt & Simmons 

Orders by CoP. Pinckney Decem^ 24*^ day 1777 
Parole Roch ester 

The men who are permitted to go to Haddrells point are on 
no account to go to any Tavern or .Dram shop or to purchase 
any kind of Spiritus Liquors — This Indulgence is Given 
them meerly to purchase Garden Stuff or other Necessaries, 
& if they abuse it they May Depend on being puhish'd & 
being prevented From going there again — A Court martial 
to sit This Morning for the Trial of all such prisoners as 
may be brought before them all Witness to attend Cap*. 
Turner President of the Court L*«. Grey Williamson Lava- 

cher & Clifford — Members. 

For Guard tomorrow Cap*. Turner L*« Lining & Grey 

after Orders 24*^ Dec^ 77. The Quarter-Master Serjeant to 
have all the Chimneys Swept Under the platform, without 
Delay, if This is not properly done where they have Rooms 
they are to Inform The Commanding of8.cer of it... 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.] 

By a. S. Salley, Jr. 

The earliest authentic records we have of the presence in 
America of the four founders of the Calhoun family of South 
Carolina, James, Ezekiel, William, and Patrick, are to be 
found at Staunton, Virginia, among the records of Augusta 
County, which about the middle of the eighteenth century 
embraced a great part of western Virginia. 

On September 19, 1746, James Patton complained that 
James, Ezekiel, William and Patrick Col boon were divulgers 
of false news to the great detriment of the inhabitants of the 
colony and it was ordered that they be committed for the 
IS'ovember Court. i 

l^ovember 19, 1746, George, Ezekiel, William and Patrick 
Colhoon were appointed workers on a road from Reed Creek 
to Eagle Bottom and thence to the top of the ridge that parts 
the waters of I^ew River and those of the south fork of 
Roanoke. James Colhoon was appointed overseer.^ May 
21, 1747, James Cohoon was appointed a constable on Roan- 
oke. Thomas Cohoon received a similar appointment. 3 

March 25, 1748, a tract of 335 acres of land on Reed 
Creek was surveyed for William Calhoun as part of land of 
James Patton, Robert Slaughter, &c., in accordance with 
order of Council to take up 100,000 acres.* 

March 5, 1749, a tract of 159 acres of land was surveyed 
for Patrick Calhoun on the waters of Reed Creek, "nenr to 
where he lives" — part of same order of Council. ^ 

April 3, 1749, a tract of 610 acres on Reed Creek, part of 
above order of Council, was surveyed for James Calhoun. ♦^ 

VA.ugusta County County Court Records, Order Book I., p. 113. 

^Augusta County County Court Records, Order Book I., p. 129. 

"Ibid, p. 198. 

*Ibid, Surveyor's book I., p. 34. 

5 Ibid, p. 47. 

«Ibid, p. 46. 


May 28, 1750, a road was ordered from Ezeldel Calhoun's 
to Wood's River [New River].''' 

ISTovember 29, 1760, James Calhoun qualified as captain 
of a troop of horse. 

March 7, 1650/51, a tract of 594 acres on a branch of the 
place called the Cove was surveyed for James Calhoun in 
accordance with the aforesaid order of Council.^ 

June 3, 1752, John Vance sold to Robert Miller a tract of 
land in Augusta County, on William Calhoun's Meadow 
Run, a branch of Reed Creek. A document of 1794 recites 
that John Yance was then dead and that Jacob Yance, his 
heir-at-law, lived in the forks of Saluda River, South Caro- 

August 20, 1752, James Cohoon was appointed one of the 
appraisers of Jacob Goodman's estate.^® 

November 16, 1752, James Cahoun and Mary JSToble quali- 
fied as executor and executrix of John ISToble's estate with 
William and Patrick Cohoun as securities." 

I^ovember 21, 1752, in the suit of James Patton vs James 
Cohoon the jurors returned into Court unable to agree and 
asked to be discharged, having been four days in retirement, 
but the plaintijff's counsel objected and they w^ere ordered 
to consider further and if they could not agree then to re- 
turn next court." 

ITovember 20, 1752, James Cohoon was bound to keep 
the peace towards James McCall.^^ 

March 22, 1753, the jury impanelled in the cause of Patton 
vs James Cohoon and unable to agree at last term being 
called, and John Smith, one of them, not being present, was 
fined Defendant's attorney moved the Court to dismiss 
the jury and impannel a new one but the plaintifiTin person 

''Augusta Co. Co. Court records, Order Book III., p. 371. 

«Ibid, p. 501. 

"Ibid, Surveyor's Book I., p. 46. 

^"Augusta Co. Co. Court records, Order Book II., p. 315. 

iqbid. Will book I., p. 464. 

i^Ibid, Order Book II., p. 404. 

i«Ibid, p. 388. 


objected and the Court was of the opinion that the cause be 
continued and the same jury try the issue." 

May 22, 1753, the jurors in the cause of Patton vs Cal- 
houn failed to appear and were summoned to the next 

August 18, 1753, a mandamus was issued from the Gen- 
eral Court to the County Court of Augusta requiring it to 
dismiss the jury in the cause of Patton vs James Calhoun, 
which was done and the case continued." 

April 8, 1754, sixty-four acres of land on the head waters 
of Hay's Creek, a branch of James Kiver, were surveyed 
for James Calhoun.^^ 

May, 1754, James Patton vs James Cohoon, Slander: 
Cohoon said, in 1750, that Patton had made over all of his 
estate to his children to defraud his creditors and that he 
had no title to the lands he offered for sale on Koanoke and 
Kew rivers. Mandamus from the General Court to dis- 
charge the jury from rendering a verdict.^* 

May 20, 1754, the cause of Patton vs Calhoun was sub- 
mitted to arbitration. Patton had obligated himself to de- 
liver two patents for land to Calhoun at a time when there 
was no fee to the Governor for signing the patents. Before 
the patents were obtained by Patton a law was enacted 
giving the Governor a fee. Patton charged this to Calhoun. 
The award was that each pay the fee for one patent.** 

In 1756 James, Ezekiel, William and Patrick Calhoun 
and their sister, Mrs. Mary l^oble, widow of John Noble, 
and their mother, Mrs. Catherine Calhoun, removed to South 
Carolina, arriving, according to a letter written by John C. 
Calhoun^, a son of Patrick, in February. They settled on 
Long Cane Creek, Prince William's Parish, Granville 

i^Ibid, p. 420. 

i^Ibid, p. 499. 

i«Ibid, Order Book IV., p. 62. 

^^Ibid, Surveyor's Book I., p. 75. 

^^ Ibid, County Court Judgments. 

i»Ibid, Order Book, IV., p. 251. 

2°r/ic Gulf Slates Historical Magazine, Vol. I (1903). 


County, where they took up lands. July 18, 1766, 400 acres 
were surveyed out to William, who subsequently received 
other grants; l!^ovember 7, 1756, two hundred acres were 
surveyed out to Patrick, who subsequently received other 
grants; July 11, 1758, 350 acres were surveyed out to Eze- 
kiel, who subsequently received other grants; and August 
11, 1758, 350 acres were surveyed out to James, who subse- 
quently received other grants. Patrick had been commis- 
sioned by the Surveyor General (Egerton Leigh) as his 
deputy surveyor lor this work and laid out the lands for his 

Ezekiel Calhoun made his will September 3, 1759, and it 
was proved before Thomas Bell, to whom a dcdimus had 
been issued for the purpose. May 25, 1762. He gave his son 
John his gun and saddle and a balled face horse; gave one- 
third of his personal property to his wife Jean and the rest 
thereof to his children, John, Patrick, Ezekiel, Mary, Re- 
becca, Catherine and Jean, to be equally divided between 
them; gave all of his lands on Long Cane and on Reed 
Creek, Augusta County, Virginia, to his three sons to be 
divided equally between them^^; gave his wife (when the 
lands should be valued and divided) her third part thereof 
in money or in the lands; gave a similar interest to each of 
his four daughters; gave wife the management of the plan- 
tation whereon he then dwelled and the care of the children 

^^Land records of South Carolina (Secretary of State's office), platt 
books 6 and 13. 

^^By deed dated October 17, 1765, Patrick Calhoonof the Long Cane 
Settlement in the County of Granville of the Province of South Caro- 
lina, Juni, conveyed to Hugh Montgomery, late of the Parish and 
County of Augusta in Virginia, in consideration of £300 current money 
of Virginia, 610 acres of land on Reed Creek and on a branch thereof 
in the said Parish and County. Witnesses: Jno. Poage, Robert An- 
derson and Thomas Poage. Memorandum: That forasmuch as the 
Vender's name Patrick Calhoun is shortly wrote by the letters Patrick 
Calhoun as well in indent of release as in the lease for a year hereto 
annexed the same was meant and intended throughout the whole for 
Patrick Calhoun. (Augusta County County Court Records, Deed Book 
XIV, p. 1.) 


during her widowhood; appointed wnfe executrix and brother 
Patrick executor and brothers James and William overseers. 
Alexander ]S"oble, John Wilson and Robert Norris, wit- 

In 1760 the Cherokee Indians began to give trouble to the 
people of the [Jp-Country of South Carolina and on the first 
day of February, 1760, while the people of the Long Cane 
Settlement were removing with their families to Augusta for 
safety they were attacked and twenty-three of the number 
were slain. The following contemporary accounts of the 
massacre were published : 

''Yesterday se'nnight the whol of the Long-Cane Settlers, 
to the ITumber of 150 Souls, moved off with most of their 
Eff'ects in Waggons; to go towards Augusta in Georgia, Siud 
in a few Hours after their setting off, were surprized and 
attacked by about 100 Cherokees on Horseback, while they 
were getting their Waggons out of a boggy Place : They had 
amongst them 40 Gunmen, who might have made a very good 
Defence, but unfortunately their Guns w^ere in the Waggons; 
the few that recovered theirs, fought the Indians Half an 
Hour, and were at last obliged to fly: In the action they 
lost 7 Waggons, and 40 of their People killed or taken (in- 
cluding Women and Children) the Rest got safe to Augusta; 
w^hence an Express arrived here with the same Account, on 
Tuesday Morning."^* 

"Mr. Patrick Calhoon, one of the unfortunate Settlers at 
Long-Canes, who were attacked by the Cherokees on the 1st 
Instant, as they were removing their Wives, Children and 
best Effects, to Augusta in Georgia for Safety, is just come 
to Town, and informs us, ' That the whole of those Settlers 
might be about 250 Souls, 55 or 60 of them fighting Men ; 
that their Loss in that Affair amounted to about 50 Persons, 

^^See The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 
Vol. II. (1901), pp. 162-163. 

^""The South-Carolina Gazette, Saturday, February 9, 1760. The Ga- 
zette further states that the report was based on information brought 
by Mr. Aaron Price who had just arrived in Charles Town from 
Ninety Six. 


chiefly Women and Children, with 13 loaded Waggons and 
Carts; that he had since been at the Place where the Action 
happened, in order to bury the Dead, and found only 20 of 
their Bodies, most inhumanly butchered; that the Indians 
had burnt the Woods all around, but had left the Waggons 
and Carts there empty and unhurt; and that he believes all 
the fighting men would return to and fortify the Long-Cane 
Settlement, were part of the Rangers so stationed as to give 
tbem some Assistance and Protection."^* 

" We have no late Advices from Fort Prince-George, or any 
Consequence from Places in that Route. But from Fort 
Moore, we learn, that a Grang of about 18 CAerote^, divided 
into 3 or 4 Parties, on the 15th Instant, way-laid, killed, and 
scalped Ulric Tobler^'Esq; a Captain of Militia in those Parts, 
as he was riding from his Father's to that Fort; and shot 
Mr. William Calhoon, who was with him, in the Hand: 3 
other Persons, who were in Company escaped unhurt: the 
Indian who killed Capt. Tohler, left a Hatchet sticking in his 
Neck, on which were 3 old Notches, and 3 newly cut.'*^" 

Patrick Calhoun subsequently erected two stones to mark 
tile site of the Long Cane massacre, upon the larger of 
which appears the following inscription : 

Pat^. Calhoun Es^ 
In Memory of Mrs. 
Cathrine Calhoun 
Aged 76 Years who 
WITH 22 others was 
Here Murdered by 
the Indians the 
FIRST OF Fe«. 1760 

'~^The South-Carolina Gazette, Saturday, February 23, 1760. 
~'^The South-Carolina Gaaietie, Saturday, February 23, 1760. 





These stones are located about two hundred and fifty yards to the 
right of the road from Abbeville to Troy, about three quarters of a 
mile beyond Patterson's Bridge over Long Cane Creek and about two 
and a half miles from Troy and twelve from Abbeville. They stand 
in a little valley upon land now owned by Dr. Mullwee, of Greenwood. 


The South-Carolina Gazette of Monday, October 8, 1764, 
referring to the proceedingjs of the General Assembly in 
June preceding, said: 

"On the 5th, they likewise voted pay for a company of rangers, for 
six months, to protect the Long-Canes settlement, against the incur- 
sions of Indians; to consist of a commission officer, a serjeant, and 20 
men; of which Patrick Calhoun, Esq; is appointed captain, who serves 
without pay." 

Patrick and William Calhoun were both made Justices of 
the Peace for Granville County and subsequently (after 1769) 
for Ninety Six District under the Provincial Government, 
and at the election held on the 7th and 8th of March, 1769, 
Patrick Calhoun was elected to the Commons House of As- 
sembly from Prince William's Parish and served until the 
next election, in October, 1772, the first representative from 
the Up-Country. 

At the commencement of the Revolutionary struggle in 
South Carolina, Patrick Calhoun was sent as a deputy to the 
first Provincial Congress (January 11, 1775-ISrovember 1, 

1775) from Ninety Six District and was reelected to the 
second Provincial Congress (November 1, 1775-March 26, 

1776) and as a member of that body became a member of 
the first General Assembly (March 26, 1776-October 21, 
1776) of the State of South Carolina when that Congress 
adopted an independent constitution on March 26, 1776, and 
resolved itself into a General Assembly. He subsequently 
served in almost every House of the General Assembly 
until his death. He was elected one of the county court 
judges for Abbeville County, Ninety Six District, in 1791, as 
shown by the following extracts from The City Gazette or 
The Daily Advertiser (Charleston) for Friday, March 4, 1791. 

**In the House of Representatives, February 18, 1791. 

** Resolved, That the following persons be, and they are hereby 
elected and appointed judges of the several county court, hereafter 

>|i * ■!» * 

^' Ahheville. 
Patrick Calhoun, James Lincoln, Andrew Hamilton." 

Patrick Calhoun died on the 15th of February, 1796, and 


the City Gazette ^ Daily Advertiser for Monday, March 7, 

1796, contained the followhig notice of his death; 

' * Died, on Monday the 15th ultimo, at his seat in Abbeville county, 
the hon. Patrick Calhoun, esq. in the 69th year of his age. He had 
served as a member of the legislature in this State for many years; 
was the first person who ever acted in that capacity, from that part 
of the State in which he resided; and was a member of the Senate at 
its last session. During the past summer he was attacked with a 
lingering fever, which much enfeebled his constitution. On his return 
from Columbia, he v/as seized with a bleeding at the nose, which ex- 
hausted him gradually till his life came to a close. He was a friend 
to virtue and piety; and a foe to vice in every form; The fidelity and 
patriotism which he exhibited as a public character, are too well known 
and acknowledged, by most of his numerous acquaintance, to need any 
encomium or eulogium. ' ' 

William Calhoun, one of the four brothers w^ho came to 
South Carolina, kept a little journaP^ wherein he entered ac- 
counts, notes of fines he had imposed as Justice of the Peace, 
marriage records and the records of his own family. He 
therein records that he was married to Agnes Long, October 
19, 1749, and also records the following issue: 

1 I. Joseph Calhoun, born Oct. 22, 1750. 

2 II. Catherine Calhoun, ])orn Feb. 4, 1753, is said to 

have been killed in the Indian massacre on Long 
Cane, Feb. 1, 1760. 

3 III. Anne Calhoun, born May 18, 1755; was taken by 

the Indians at the Long Cane massacre and was 
held in captivity for fourteen years; married, Oct. 
12, 1784, Isaac Mathews {d. 1801); died Dec. 19, 
1830. She has left behind a very interesting ac- 
count of her life which is still, unfortunately, in 
manuscript. (Issue.) 

4 IV. Mary Calhoun, born [N'ov. 1, 1757, was carried ofl 

by the Indians at the time of the Long Cane mas- 
sacre and probabh^ died in their hands. 

'^'^ Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. VIII, pp. 


5 Y. Patrick Calhoun, born Feb. 18, 1760, and was 

killed by the Indians June 26, 1776, while serving 
as an ensign in Capt. James McCall's expedition 
into the Cherokee Country .^^ 

6 YI. Rachel Calhoun, born Sept. 19, 1762; married 

Patrick Morris. (Issue.) 

7 YII. Esther Calhoun, born Sept. 30, 1765; married 

William Love. (Issue.) 

8 YIIL William Calhoun, born April 5, 1768. 

9 IX. Ezekiel Calhoun, born Nov. 27, 1770. 

10 X. Agnes Calhoun, born Aug. 29, 1773; married 

General Hutton. (Issue.) 

11 XL Alexander Calhoun, born Dec. 21, 1776. 


Joseph Calhoun [William^], born October 22, 17502»; 
married Catherine Calhoun and, after her death, Martha 
Moseley, to whom he v^as married. May 26, 1802^*^; was sev- 
eral times a member of the legislature of South Carolina, 
serving in both House and Senate; w^as a colonel of militia 
and in 1807 was elected to Congress in place of Gen Levi 
Casey w^ho had died February 1, 1807,^^ and served to March 
4, 1811, when he was succeeded by his cousin, John C. Cal- 

He died April 14, 1817. 

^^McCrady'aHistory of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1775-1780, 
pp. 189-190. 

^^AU of the statements and data following, except such as are veri- 
fied by footnote quotations or citations from records, were furnished 
by Miss Eliza Calhoun, of the Louise Home, Washington, D. C. 

30 "Married, on the 25th ult. by the Rev. Moses Waddel, Colonel 
Joseph Colhoun, to the amiable Miss Patsey Mosely, both of Abbe- 
ville."— T/ie Times (Charleston), Thursday, June 3, 1802. 

"Married, on the 26th May, by the Rev. Moses Waddel, the hon- 
ourable Col. Joseph Colhoun, to the amiable and well accomplished 
Miss Patsey Moseley, daughter of William Moseley, esq. late of Vir- 
ginia."— Ibid, Tuesday, June 15, 1802. 

^^"Gen. Levi Casey, representative in Congress from this State, 
died at the City of Washington, on the 1st inst. The usual mourning 


Issue: First wife. 

12 I. Aim Calhoun, m. Wm. Perrin. 

13 II. Joseph Calhoun. 

14 III. Catherine Calhoun, d. untnarried. 
16 IV. Mary Calhoun, (i. unmarried. 

Second wife. 

16 y. Eliza Calhoun, m. James Tlolt. 

17 VI. John Ewing Calhoun. 

18 VII. Martha Calhoun, m. John Speed. 

19 VIII. Samuel Calhoun, (i. unm. Buriedin Augusta, Ga. 

20 IX. William Calhoun, d. unm. Was a captain in the 

Seminole War. 

21 X. Jane Calhoun, m. James McKelvey. 


William Calhoun [William^], born April 5, 1768, mar- 
ried Rebecca Tonnyhill. 

22 I. Ezekiel Calhoun. 

23 II. Catherine Calhoun. 

24 III. Rachel Calhoun, m. Handy Harris. 

25 IV. William P. Calhoun. 

26 V. James Montgomery Calhoun. 

27 VI. Joseph Calhoun. 

28 VII. Rebecca Calhoun, 

29 VIII. Sarah Calhoun. 

30 IX. Mary Elizabeth Calhoun, m. JS'athan Massey. 


Ezekiel Calhoun [William^], born November 27, 1770, 
married Frances Hamilton, daughter of Major Andrew 
Hamilton; died January 25, 1817. 

and funeral honours were voted him." — Charleston Courier, Monday, 
February 16, 1807. 

"The Governor has issued his proclamation, making known that Col. 
Joseph Colhoun, is duly elected a Member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the United States, in the room of the late General Levi 
Casey, deceased." — Charleston Courier, Friday, September 11, 1807. 

The poll was given in the Courier of June 24th. 


Issue : 

31 I. William Calhoun, d. unm, 

32 11. Joseph Calhoun, d. unm. 

33 III. Harriet Calhoun, m. Thomas Davis, of Washing- 

ton, D. C. 

34 lY. Jane Hamilton Calhoun, h. Sept. 2, 1798; m., Sept. 

9, 1815, Dr. Joseph Webb Simonds (6. in Boston, 
Mass., April 8, 1781; d. March 7, 1841); d, Janu- 
ary 11, 1846. 

35 V. Ephraim Calhoun. 

36 VI. Catherine Calhoun, m. Dr. John W. Parker, of 

Columbia, S. C. 

37 VII. Andrew Calhoun. 


Alexander Calhoun [William^], born December 21, 1776, 
married Kitty Johnson. 

38 I. Kitty Calhoun, m. Edward Tillman. 


Joseph Calhoun [Joseph^, William^] was borii at the 
William Calhoun place, in then Ninety Six District, July 22, 
1787; was educated by Rev. Dr. Moses Waddel; was mar- 
ried, January 29, 1819, by Rev. Dr. Waddel, to Frances 
Darricott (born at Yienna, Abbeville District, May 1, 1800; 
died at Mt. Carmel, Abbeville District, March 21, 1885); was 
commissioned in the United States Army and attained the 
rank of captain ; was in the Richmond Theatre the night of 
the great fire (December 26, 1811) and escaped by jumping 
out of a window; was severely wounded at the battle of 
Lundy's Lane; received a bullet in his arm in a duel. His 
winter home was Calhoun's Mills; his summer home Ben 


39 I. Rebecca Calhoun, died at 16. 

40 II. Thomas Smith Calhoun (named for an army 

friend), died at 4, 


41 III. Joseph Selden Calhoun (named for an army 

friend), died at 7. 

42 lY. Louisa Calhoun, died early. 

43 Y. Eliza Calhoun, from whom these records were 


44 YI. Elizabeth Mary Calhoun, died unm. at 21. 

45 YII. Frances Josette Calhoun, m. Dr. J. W. Marshall. 

46 YIIL Ann Calhoun, died young. 

47 IX. John Joseph Calhoun. 


John Ewing Calhoun [Joseph^ William^] married Sarah 


48 L Elizabeth Calhoun, m. James LeEoy. 

49 II. Martha Calhoun, m. George Brown. 
60 III. Margaret Calhoun. 

51 lY. John Ewing Calhoun. 


EzEKiBL Calhoun [William^, William^] married Lucy 

Issue : 

52 I. Carolina Calhoun, m. John S. Williams. 

53 II. Georgia Calhoun. 

54 III. Yirginia Calhoun, m. Oliver Coussins. 

55 lY. Indiana Calhoun. 

56 Y. Edward Calhoun. 

57 YI. Pickens Calhoun. 

58 YII. Missouri Calhoun, m. Dr. Martin. 

59 YIIL Florida Calhoun, m. Dr. Martin, her sister's 


James Montgomery Calhoun [William^ William^] mar- 
ried Emma Elizabeth Dabney. 
Issue : 

60 I. William Lowndes Calhoun. 


61 11. Emma Calhoun. 

62 III. Anna Calhoun, m. Dr. Miles DuBose. 

63 IV. Chattanooga Calhoun. 

64 V. Rebecca Calhoun, m. J. H. Matthews. 

65 YI. James Y. Calhoun. 

66 YII. Patrick H. Calhoun. 

67 YIII. Hannah Calhoun. 

68 IX. John Dabney Calhoun. 

Joseph Calhoun [William^, William^] married Sarah Ann 
Cross. They lived in Moldle, Ala. 

69 I. William Joseph Calhoun. 

70 II. Amanda Abbeville Calhoun. 

71 III. Ella Ann Calhoun, 7n. William Hunter Harlan. 

72 lY. James Butler Calhoun, m. Fanny Barham. 

73 Y. Isabella Cross Calhoun. 

74 YI. John Carroll Calhoun. 

75 YII. Frank Howard Calhoun. 

76 YIII. Aline S. Calhoun, m. McDougald. 

77 IX. Lida Eebecca Calhoun. 

EpHRAiM Calhoun [Ezekie?, William^], af physician and 
one of the earliest settlers of Greenwood, married Charlotte 
Moseley, of Abbeville District. 
Issue . 

78 I. Motte Calhoun. \ rp • 

79 11. Eliza Calhoun, who / ^^ms. 

m. Dr. John H. Logan, 
the author of The His- 
tory of the Upper Coun- 
. try of ISouth Carolina. 

80 III. Augusta Calhoun, m. Peter Goodwin. 

81 lY. Franklin Ramsey Calhoun. 

82 Y. Charies M. Calhoun. 

83 YI. Fanny Emma Calhoun, m. Daniel Du'Pre. 



Andrew Calhoun [EzekieP, William^] was born in the 
Calhoun settlement, married Susan Wellborn, of Georgia; 
was a distinguished physician of Newnan, Georgia. 
Issue : 

84 I. Martha Frances Calhoun, m. Dr. Devine. 

85 II. Ann Elizabeth, m. William Caldwell. 

86 III. Abner Wellborn Calhoun. 

87 IV. Andrew Ezekiel Calhoun, m. Carro Height 


John Joseph Calhoun [Joseph^ Joseph'^, William^] mar- 
ried Mary E. Say re. 
Issue : 

88 I. Mary Elizabeth Calhoun, d. young. 

89 II. Harriet Louise Calhoun, m. H. N. vnn Devander. 
90. III. Lila Frances Calhoun, m. R. Morgan. 

91 lY. William Saj^re Calhoun, m. Y. B. Loomis. 

92 Y. Joseph Selden Calhoun. 

93 YI. Marie Estelle Calhoun. 

94 YII. John J. Calhoun. 


William Lowndes Calhoun [James Montgomery^, Wil- 
liam^, William^], married Mary Oliver. 

95 I. Emma Caroline Calhoun, m. Silas Connelly. 

96 11. James M. Calhoun, m. "Templeton. 

97 III. Mary Calhoun. 

98 lY. William Dabney Calhoun. 

99 Y. William Lowndes Calhoun. 
100 YL I^ettie Aline Calhoun. 

Patrick H. Calhoun [James Montgomery^, William^ 
William^], married Frances S. Fuller who died and he then 
married Ida Cole. 


Issue: First wife. 

101 I. Charles Augustus Calhoun, m. Louise Barnett. 

Second wife. 

102 II. Eosa Calhoun. 


William Joseph Calhoun [Joseph^, William^, William^], 
married Margaret Alexander. 
Issue : 

103 I. John Carrol] Calhoun. 

104 IL William Joseph Calhoun. 

105 III. Edward James Calhoun. 

106 IV. Gaines Calhoun. 

107 Y. Margaret A. Calhoun. 


MoTTE Calhoun [Ephraim^ EzekieP, William^], married 
Sallie Goodwin. 


108 I. William Goodwin Calhoun. 

109 II. Roland R. Calhoun. 

110 III. Augusta Calhoun. 


Franklin Ramsey Calhoun [Ephraim^, EzekieP, Wil- 
liam^], married Annie E. Turpin. 

111 I. Augusta Calhoun. 

112 IL Alfred Turpin Calhoun. A physician. 

113 III. Annie W. (Mitte) Calhoun, m. Wm. David Link, 

of Erie, Pa. 

114 lY. Daniel Calhoun. 

115 Y. Charlotte M, Calhoun, m. W. T. Bates. 


Charles M. Calhoun [Ephraim^ EzekieP, William^], 
married Emily Nelson, 



116 I. Eobert Adger Calhoun, m. Mamie Zeigler. 

117 IT. Ida Chicora Calhoun. 

118 III. Daniel DuPre Calhoun. 

119 IV. Eliza Elliott Calhoun. 

120 V. John Franklin Calhoun. 

121 VI. Charles Ramsey Calhoun. 

122 VII. Motte McG. Calhoun. 
128 VIII. Waring Parker Calhoun. 

124 IX. Nina Felson Calhoun. 

Abner Wellborn Calhoun [Andrew^, EzekieP, Wil- 
liam^], a distinguished occulist of Atlanta, Ga.; married 
Lulie Phinizy. 

125 I. Ferdinand Phinizy Calhoun. 

126 11. Lulie P. Calhoun. 

[Tb he continued in the next number of this magazine.'] 


Revolutionary Soldiers. — "Died.] At the High Hills 
of Sautee, in the bloom of life, Mrs. Mary Benison, daughter 
of Col. Mathew Singleton, and relict of the gallant Major 
Thomas Benison^ who fell dt Wambaw in gloriously defend- 
ing the liberties of his country. — She was possessed in an 
eminent degree with every virtue that adorns the sex, and is 
greatly lamented by a numerous acquaintance." — The South- 
Carolina Weekly Gazette, September 20, 1783. 

"Died on the 17th February, at his usual residence on 
Black Swamp, Beaufort district, of a lingering illness, which 
he bore with uncommon patience and Christian resignation, 
in the 67th year of his age, Dr. George Mosse. He was a 
native of Ireland, but for about 40 years an inhabitant of 
this State, of which he has been a respectable and useful 
citizen. To his adopted country, he was a firm, constant 
friend^; but his philanthropy embraced all mankind. A 
pious widow, seven daughters, and many friends, lament the 
loss of this good man." — The Times, Charleston, S. C, Mon- 
day, April 4, 1808. 

"Died on the 17th February, at his usual residence on 
Black Swamp, Beaufort district. Dr. George Mosse, aged 
QQ.''^ — Charleston Courier, April 5, 1808. 

■ "1784 
March 15*^ The State of South Carolina 

To Jacob Milligan D'— 
to One Year's Gratuity as (Allowed Commodore 
Gillon and His Officers) as Captain in the 
i^aval department at £3 p"" day 365 days Amounts 

to £1095„0„0 

Brought into Sterling @ 7 for One is £156„8„6i 

Errors Excepted 

Jacob Milligan" 

^See McCrady's History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1780- 
1783, p. 359. 


indorsed: ^'The committee appointed on Capt Milligans 
petition report that they have examined the allegations con- 
tained in the said petition & are of opinion that though Capt 
Milligans claim is not within the letter it is within the spirit 
of the acts of this State for making compensation to its Ser- 
vants : They are fully of opinion as well from the vouchers 
produced to them as from their personal knowledge of the 
active zeal & good conduct of the petitioner that he ought 
to be put on a footing with the officers of Commodore Gillon 
they therefore recommend that the resolution of the legis- 
lature for granting a years pay as a gratuity to Commodore 
Gillons officers be extended to Captain Milligan"^ 

Col. Samuel Warren. — In January, when the portrait of 
Col. Samuel Warren by John Blake White (1781-1857) was 
about to be presented to the Senate of South Carolina by the 
son and grandson of the artist, the editor of this magazine 
found it quite difficult to find material concerning Col. War- 
ren. The following letter from Col. Warren, who had been 
a captain in the Continental Line in the Revolution at the 
age of eighteen and had lost a leg at Savannah, October 9, 
1779, to Lieutenant Charles Steedman, U. S. 1^., a son of 
Col. Charles J. Steedman, formerly a neighbor of Col. War- 
ren in St. James's Parish, Santee, who lost his life in the 
great fire in Charleston April 27, 1838 while trying to 
stop the flames by blowing down the houses with powder, is 
now in the hands of iVlrs. A. Lawrence Mason, of Boston, a 
daughter of Lieutenant (afterwards Rear-Admiral) Steed- 
man, who has kindly allowed it to be copied for use here: 

I: Charles Steedman Esqr- 


South Carolina. 

id: Pend. 

S. C. 



Soldiers Retreat. 16 Septemr- 1838 
Dear Charles. 

By the last Mail 2 days ago, I was much gratify'd in 
receiving your letter, dated August 18 which I presume was a mistake, 

^From the private collection of Prof. Yates Snowden. This is one 
of the papers he purchased at the Arnold sale in New York. 


as it is ppst mark'd 10 Sept^-. On opening it I was expecting it was 

from as I have been for many Mails expecting an answer from 

him, to a letter I wrote him on 24 June in answer to one I had received 
from him; and in which I wish'd him to inform me, of several things, 
which are of consequence to me. I will thank you to mention one to 
him, & say, if I do not hear from him, in a few days, will write him. 
Cyrus & Trim were hired out in the low Country, & you father at- 
tended to them for me; The last time he wrote to me was in Jany last, 

at which time Cyrus was hired at $20 a Month, but has not thought 

proper to inform me altho' requested what has become of them for the 

last 6 or 7 Months. You must have had a pleasant time, not only 

while you was crusing, but during your learning french at Paris, and 
I was much shocked at the melancholy cause which made you return 
to Carolina. I receiv'd a letter from you just as you had Sailed in the 
Constitution, & one while in Europe, but did not answer them, as I 
knew not where you would be. —An Old Soldier will not slight any one, 
more especially a young Sailor, who he has known from his cradle, & 
has not forgotten or neglected him. — I think your returning Carolina, 
must have given you more satisfaction, than remaining at the gay Paris, 
after the sad accident that had happend to your family. You have 
not said what you are going about. Tell Tommy I think if the Cairs 
are painted they had better be sent up immediately, by the Rail Road 
to Hamburg, directed Sam Warren Pendleton, eare of George Parrott, 
Hamburg. If they are not painted, I can have it done here. — A wag- 
gon that freights for me is going down soon to Hamburg, can bring 
the Chairs, as this must be sent to the Post Office immediately, to go 
by the Mail of tomorrow, have time to say but little more. — My great- 
est complaint is old age (77) for I have not kept the house from sick- 
ness for two years, except hurting my Arm once, so as not to be able 
to use my Crutches for a day or two, but I find myself weaker, altho' 
not able to Walk much, ride about my Plantation on Horse Give my 
Love to your Mother, tell her hope to see her next Winter, it would 
give me pleasure to see you at Soldiers Retreat or to hear from you 
that you are doing well, may God bless you, prays your old Friend, 

Sam; Warren. 

Singleton. — "Died, yesterday morning early, Mr. Thomas 
Singleton, aged 77 years, a native of Virginia; his profession 
was the rearing of tobacco. Soon after his arrival in this 
then province, he made several tours through it, and \>y his 
advice and instructions, the settlers began to plant that val- 
uable article, and it was soon found that it grew as luxu- 
riantly here as it did in Virginia. For several years it was 
his practice to publish and distribute small pamphlets on the 


culture of tobacco, and it is well known that to these instruc- 
tions, in a great measure, is owing the flourishing state the 
culture of this great staple of Carolina is now in. He had 
hopes that by these his exertions he should gain his bread, 
but in this he failed. He was naturally of a lively disposi- 
tion and possessed an uncommon flow of spirits — being a 
man of observation, he fjr three years past has been endeav- 
oring to tin.d out the art of preserving the bottoms of vessels 
from the worm which is so destructive in warm climates, 
and from every circumstance attending the late trials made 
by him, there is good reason to believe he has succeeded in 
discovering a remedy for this evil, so detrimental to com- 
merce. It is generally believed that he has left the secret 
of his composition with his sons. In a word, Mr. Singleton 
was free, open, generous and humane; he loved mankind, 
and was a sincere friend to his country."^ — City-Gazette ^ 
Daily Advertiser^ Tuesday, October 23, 1798. 

The will of Thomas Singleton, made June 19, 1783, and 
proved May 19, 1801, mentions wife Mary, son John, son 
Ripley, daughter Susannah "Wells, wife of Capt. Samuel 
Wells;- son Bracey, grandson Thomas D. Singleton, son of 
Bracey Singleton ; grandsons Charles and Thomas Singleton 
Strother, the sons of his late daughter Dorothy, wife of 
William Strother. Witnesses: Michael Kudolph, John 
Todd and Benjamin Hicks.. (Probate Court Charleston 
County, book 1800-1807, p. 170 et seq.) 

The will of Ripley Singleton, made June 30, 1785, and 
proved April 12, 1799, mentions wife Mary, son-in-law- An- 
tonio Butler, brothers Bracey and John, father Thomas 
Singleton. (Probate Court, Charleston County, book 1793- 

1800, p. 561 et seq.) 

" Died.] At St. Stephen's Parish, last Friday, Mr. Bracey 
Sinyletoii, of this city." — The City Gazette ^ Daily Advertiser, 
Friday, November 23, 1792. 

" Died yesterday, Mr. John Singleton^ much regretted by 
his relatives and friends." — South- Carolina State Gazette ^ 
Timothy\s Daily, Admrtisev^ Wednesday, September 11, 1799. 

^This was the great-grandfather of WiUiam Gilmore Simms, the 
writer. His grand-daughter, Harriet Singleton, daughter of John 
Singleton, married, Thursday, May 31, 1804, the elder Wm. Gilmore 


Members of the Second Provincial Congress. — The 
following account of the election of the members of the 
second Provincial Congress (J^ovember 1, 1775-March 
26, 1776) of South Carolina is taken from The South- 
Carolina Gazette for Thursday, September 7, 1775. Some 
of the members so elected declined and the foot-notes 
by the editor of this miagazine show who these were. The 
facts as to these changes were gathered from the journals of 
the Provincial Congress, which have been published: first 
by Peter Timothy contemporaneously, and in 1843 by Peter 
Force in his American Archives. One or two, perhaps all 
four, of the journals or the four sessions of the two con. 
gresses were also reprinted in London shortly after being 
issued by Timothy: 

CHARLES-TOWN, September 7. 


Elected on the 7th, 8th, 28th and 29th of last Month, to represent the 
Inhabitants of South-Carolina, in the Colony Congress, to be held at 
Charles-Town, on the 1st Day of December next, or sooner, if the 
General Committee shall think it expedient to summon them.— Those 
Gentlemen whose Names are distinguished by Italics, were not Mem- 
bers of the late Congress:^ those in small Capitals, are our Dele- 
gates in the Continental Congress. 

For Charles-Town. 

Col. Charles Pinckney, Col. Christ Gadsden, 

Capt. Roger Smith, John Neufville, Esq; 

John Edwards, Esq; Mr. William Johnson^ 

Capt. Peter Leger, Arthur Middleton, Esq; 

Hon. Henry Middleton Edw. Rutledge, Esq; 

Mr. Thomas Corbett, Miles Brewton, Esq;^ 

Mr. Daniel Cannon, Mr. Joseph Verree, 

Mr. George- Abhot Hall, Peter Timothy, 

^ Lists of the members of the first congress can be found in Moultrie's 
Memoirs, McCrady's first volume on the -Revolution and in the news- 
papers of the time, and the changes that occurred can be found in the 

^ Miles Brewton sailed for Philadelphia, August 24, 1775, and was 
lost at sea. On February 14, 1776, an election was ordered by Con- 
gress to fill the vacancy. Alexander Moultrie was elected February 
26th, and took his seat the next day. 


Tho. Hey ward, jun. Esq; Mr. Edward Weyman, 

Mr. Peter Bouquet Mr. Cato Ash, 

Capt. Paul Townsend, Mr. James Brown, 

Col. Henry Laurens Col. Geo. Gab. Powell, ^ 

Mr. Michael Kalteisen, Mr. Anthony Toomer, 

Peter Bacot, Esq; Sir Edmund Head, Bart.^ 

Capt. Tho, Savage, Mr. John Berwick. 

For Christ-Church. 

John Rutledge, Esq; Gabriel Capers, Esq; 

Capt. Arnoldus Vanderhorst, Mr. Isaac Legare 

Capt. Clement Lempriere, Mr. John Boone. 

For St. John's, Berkeley County. 

Job Marion Esq; Capt. Maurice Simons, 

Edward Harleston, Esq;^ Mr. James Cordes, jun. 

Elias Ball, jun. Esq; Mr. John Cordes. 

For St. Andrew's. 

Col. Thomas Fuller, Capt. WiUiam Cattell, 

Capt. William Scott, Capt. Benjamin Stone, 

Thomas Bee, Esq; Isaac Rivers, Esq; 

For St. George, Dorchester. 

David Oliphant, Esq; John Mathewes, jun. Esq; 

Benjamin Waring, Esq; Mr. Richard Waring, 

Wilham Sanders, Esq;'' Mr. Richard Walter. 

For St. James, Goose-Creek. 

Col. Benjamin Singleton, John Wright, Esq; 

John Parker, Esq; Thomas Middleton, Esq; Son of 

Capt. Benjamin Smith, Henry. 

John Iza rd, Esq; _ 

^Made his election for St. David's Parish from which he had also 
been elected. 

^Declined. Alexander Gillon and Robert William Powell were elected 
on the 8th of November to supply the two latter vacancies. 

*Died September 24, 1775. An election was ordered by the Congress 
on November 1st. to take place on the 6th. to fill the vacancy. The 
election took place on the 8th. and John Harleston was elected, but 
declined. Another election was ordered on the 9th. for the 16th., and 
James Ravenel was elected. He also declined. 

"Died, and on February 14, 1776, an election was ordered by Con- 
gress to fill the vacancy. Thomas Tudor Tucker was elected on Feb- 
ruary 26, 1776, to fill the vacancy, but he declined and another election 
was held at which Thomas Waring was elected. He took his seat 
March 23, 1776. 


For St. Thomas and St. Dennis. 

James Akin, Esq; Capt. Isaac Harleston,'^ 

Capt. John Huger, John Moore, Esq;"* 

John Parker, Esq;* Capt. Thomas Shubrick. 

For St. Paul's. 

Thomas Ferguson, Esq; Capt. Robert Ladson, 

Capt. Benjamin ElHott, George Haig, Esq; 

Charles ElHott, Esq; Capt. William Skirving. » 

For St. Bartholomew's. 

Hon. Rawlins Lowndes, Capt. Philip Smith, 

Col. James Parsons, James Skirving, jun. Esq; 

Capt. William Skirving, Thomas Osborn, Esq; - 

For St. Helena. 

Thomas Rutledge, Esq; Capt. John Joyner, 

Capt. John Barnwell, Col. William Moultrie, 

Mr. Daniel Heyward, jun. Daniel DeSaussure, Esq; 

For St. James, Santee. 

Col. Daniel Horry, Capers Boone, Esq; 

Paul Douxsaint, Esq; Edw. Jerman, { Esqrs. had 

Thos. Horry, Esq; Jacob Motte, f equal votes. ^'^ 
Capt. Thomas Lynch, 

For Prince George, Winyah. 
Thomas Lynch, Esq; Jos. Allston, Esq; 

Elias Horry, jun. Esq; Benj. Young, Esq; 

Benj. Huger, Esq; Paul Trapier, jun. Esq; 

For Prince Frederick's. 

Theodore Gaillard, jun. Esq; Mr. Benjamin Screven, 

Capt. Thomas Port, Mr. Archibald M'Donald, 

Mr. Anthony White, Mr. John James, sen. 

"^Rev. Robert Smith had been elected but had declined prior to the 
publication of the Gazette and Capt. Harleston had been elected in his 
place, and was sworn in when Congress met on the 1st of November. 

^Declined on November 6th. and on the 7th. an election to fill the va- 
cancy was ordered for the 15th. and Joseph Fogartie was then elected. 

*William Parker. 

^Chose to represent St. Bartholomew's from which he had also been 
elected. On the 1st. of November an election to fill the vacancy was 
ordered for the 6th. and then John McQueen was elected. 

^"The election to decide between them was on the 1st. of November 
ordered by Congress to be held on the 15th. Motte was elected on 
th^t date. 


For St. John's, Colleton County. 

William Gibbes, Esq; Mr. Thomas Legare, jun;^^ 

Capt. Charles C. Pinckney, Capt. Thomas Tucker, 

Thomas Evance, Esq; Mr. Benjamin Jenkins. 

For St. Peter's. 

Col. Stephen Bull, T. Middleton, Son of Wm. 

William WilHamson, Esq; Capt. Philotheos Chiffelle, 

Gideon Dupont, Esq; Mr. William Brisbane. 

For Prince William's. 

Col. Benjamin Garden, WilHam Bull, jun. Esq; 

Col. Isaac Motte, Isaac Macpherson, Esq; 

Capt. John Bull, Mr. William Harden. 

For St. Stephen's. 

John Gaillard, Esq; Charles Cantey, Esq; 

Philip Porcher, Esq; Capt. Hezekiah Maham, 

Capt. Peter Sinckler, Mr. Joseph Palmer. 

For Ninety-Six District. 

Col. James Mayson, Richard Rapley, Esq; 

Major Andrew Williamson, Francis Salvador, Esq; 

Capt. LeRoy Hammond, Col. Champness Terry, ^'^ 

Capt. Patrick Calhoun, Rev. Mr. John Harris, 

Col. John-Lewis Gervais, Mr. William Moore. 

For the District Eastward of Wateree-River. 

Col. Richard Richardson, ^v^apt. William Richardson, 

Joseph Kershaw, Esq; Capt. Robert Patton,*^'^ 

Matthew Singleton, Esq; Rev. Mr. William Tennent, 

Thomas Sumpter, Esq; Mr. James Bradley, 

Aaron Loocock, Esq; Mr. William Massey. 

For Saxe-Gotha District. 

Hon. William H. Drayton, Henry Patrick, Esq; 

Benjamin Farrar, Esq; Mr. Ralph Humphries, 

William Arthar, Esq; Doct. Jacob Richmond. 

^^ Declined, and on November 1st. Congress ordered an election to 
fill the vacancy to be held on the 6th. , and Ralph Izard was then elected 
to fill the vacancy. 

^-Declined, and on February 14, 1776, an election was ordered by 
Congress to fill the vacancy. 

^^''*George Douglas, Esq; instead of Capt. Patton should he make 
his election for any other District. ' ' 

The journal for November 3rd. says "Mr. George Douglas, who had 
been elected a Prov ncial Representative for the District eastward of 


For the District between Broad and Catawba Rivers, adjoining the 
New Acquisition. 

Col. Thomas Neel, Mr. Joseph Howe, 

Col. Ezekiel Polk, Mr. James Carson, 

Capt. Samuel Watson, Joseph Woods, Esq;^* 

Capt. WiUiam Byers, Mr. Robert Dickey, 

Capt. Alexander Love, Mr. Francis Adams. ^ ^ 

For St. Matthew's Parish. 

Col. Tacitus Gaillard, ^ ^ Mr. Simon Berwick, 

Rev. Mr. Paul Turquand, Henry Felder, Esq 

Mr. John Caldwell, Capt. William Flood. 

Wateree, in case Captain Robert Patton should not serve for that Dis- 
trict, attended the Congress; and Captain Patton being sick, Mr. Dou- 
glas was ordered to take his seat in the room of said Patton. ' ' 

The journal of the second session of the second Congress (February 
Ist.-March 26, 1776) for February 7th. contains the following: 

' ' Captain Robert Patton, who had in August last been elected a Mem- 
ber of Congress for th'^ District eastward of Wateree River, and in 
whose absence Mr. George Douglas was chosen to serve during the last 
Session as a provincial Representative, as stated in the proceedings of 
the 3d of November last, now attending, to take his seat. 

Ordered, That Captain Robert Patton do take his seat, in the room 
of Mr. Douglas." 

^^Died February 14, 1776, and the same day an election was ordered 
by Congress to fill vacancy. 

^^There was a contesting delegation from this district, and the jour- 
nal for November 3rd. contains the following: "A new Return of 
Delegates for the New-Acquisition was this day made, whereby Cap- 
tain William Byers, Mr. William, McColloch, Lieutenant Samuel Wat- 
son, Mr. James Carson, Mr. John Howe, Captain Frances Ross, Cap- 
tain Robert McAfee, Francis Adams, Esq., Mr. Thomas Jones, and 
Captain Ezekiel Polk, were declared duly elected; and it appearing, 
upon inquiry, that the gentlemen formerly returned for that District 
had been chosen by an inferior number of inhabitants, and not by a 
general ballot, the Congress, to prevent any complaints which might 
arise from a different determination, in the present instance. 

Resolved, That all the Members named in both Returns for the New- 
Acquisition, may take their seats in the present Congress. " 

It will be observed that Wilham Byers, James Carson, Francis 
Adams, Samuel Watson and Ezekiel Polk were in both delegations, so 
that the New Acquisition had fifteen delegates in the Congress. 

^''Did not take his seat, but attended Congress on February 14, 1776, 
and declined. George King was elected to fill the vacancy, March 6, 


For St. David's. 

Col. George Gab. Powell, Major Alex. M'Intosh, 

Claudius Pegues, Esq; Capt. Samuel Wise, 

Capt. H. W. Harrington, Col. George Pawley. 

There are three Districts from which we have not yet had Returns, 
viz. Between Broad and Saludy Rivers, — between Broad and Catawba 
Rivers, —and between Savannah and the North Fork of Edisto Rivers. ^ ^ 

^ ' The journal of the first session (November 1st. -November 29, 1775) , 
as published by Force, shows that the following gentlemen were elected 
delegates for those three districts; Col. John Thomas, Col. William 
Wofford, Michael Leitner, Col. John Lisle, William Henderson, Jonas 
Beard and John Prince for the district between the Saluda and Broad 
rivers; John Winn, John Nixon, William Lang, William Barrow, Wil- 
liam Howell, William Lee, Thomas Taylor, John Turner, William 
Strother, and Henry Hunter for the district between the Broad and 
Catawba rivers; and James Wilson, Andrew Gumming, George Robi- 
son, John Salley, John Collins and James Jones for the district between 
the Savannah and the north fork of the Edisto. 

From the journal of the second session (February 1st. -March 26, 
1776) , as published by Force, for February 8th. we extract the fol- 
lowing : 

' ' Colonel John Lisle, elected one of the Representatives for the Dis- 
trict between Broad and Saludy Rivers, not having taken his seat 
during the late Session, now attended, and declined serving." 

"A return was made of the following gentlemen, as duly elected 
Members of the present Congress, in the upper part of the District 
between Broad and Saludy Rivers, viz : Captain John Caldwell, James 
Williams, John Williams, Jonathan Downs, John Rogers, John Lind- 
sey, and John Caldwell, of Enoree, Esqrs . And Messrs. John Williams 
and James Williams attending to take their seats. 

Ordered, That they do take their seats in Congress accordingly." 


Jervby. — The following additions and corrections are 
offered to the Jervey genealogy published in the last issue 
of this magazine: 

The children of Dr. James Postell Jervey (25) and Emma 
Gough Smith (who were married in Columbia, S. C, 'No- 
vember 26, 1832) in chronological order were: 

I. James Postell Jervey, born March 28, 1836; died 

August 1, 1837. 
II. Mary Jervey, born December 23, 1837. 
III. William Snowden Jervey, born October 16, 1839; 

died October 8, 1843. 
lY. Henry Dickson Jervey, born May 14, 1841; died 

September 21, 1900. 
y. Eugene Postell Jervey, born May 8, 1843. 
VI. Emma Henrietta Jervey, born July 14, 1845. 
YII. Edward Theodore Jervey, born March 9, 1847. 
YIII. Maria Ramsay Jervey, born December 27, 1848; 
married Charles C. Fisher, of Yirginia; died Sep- 
tember 28, 1900. 
IX. Alan Laird Jervey, born September 17, 1850; died 
August 7, 1856. 
X. Anna Postell Jervey, born May 17, 1853; died May 
28, 1903. 

Dr. Henry Dickson Jervey [James Postell*, James% 
Thomas^, David^] and Helen Louise Wesson had issue: 

I. Helen Louise Jervey, born December 13, 1864; died 
May 9, 1865. 
• II. Henry Jervey, born June 5, 1866; graduated at the 
the United States Military Academy (West Point) 
with first honors, and is now a major of engineers, 
U. S. Army. 
III. Alan Laird Jervey, born January 19, 1868. 
lY. James Postell Jervey, born November 14, 1869; 
graduated at West Point with second honors, and 
is now a captain of engineers, U. S. Army. 
Y. Walter Elliott Jervey, born July 29, 1872. 


VI. William Palmer Jervey, born April 17, 1875. 

VII. Edward Darrell Jervey, born September 15, 1878. 

Eugene Postell Jervey [James Postell*, James', Thomas^, 
David^] and Ella Middleton Wilkinson w^ere married in 
Charleston, S. C, by Rev. P. S. Trapier, December 16,1869. 
Issue : 

I. Susan Dutilh Jervey, born October 31, 1870; died 

March 4, 1873. 
II. Eugene Postell Jervey, born October 19, 1872; 
graduated at West Point, and is now a captain, U. 
S. A.; married, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, by 
Rev. Arthur W. Higbee, September 28, 1904, 
Katharine Wagley Grant. 

III. James Wilkinson Jervey, born October 19, 1874, 
and is now a physician in Grreenville, S. C. 

IV. Ella Wilkinson Jervey, born TlTovember 6, 1876; 
died IS'ovember 14, 1881. 

VI. Huger Wilkinson Jervey, born September 26, 1878. 
VIL Emma Smith Jervey, born January 21, 1880; mar- 
ried Edwin Poy Stuart, an officer of the Corps of 
Engineers, CJ. S. A. (Issue.) 
VIII. Sarah Huger Jervey, born February 24, 1882. 
IX. Ann Laight Jervey, born October 2, 1883. 
X. Edward Darrell Jervey, born October 31, 1885. 
XL Henrietta Postell Jervey, born April 2, 1887. 

Edward Theodore Jervey [James Postell*, James^, 
Thomas^, David^] was married after the death of his first 
wife, Lucy Mary Trezevant, to Minnie Paschal, in Atlanta, 
Ga., December 6, 1893. 


I. Louis Jervey, born December 23, 1894. 
IL Charles Jervey, born May 28, 1899. 

Henry Jervey [Henry Dickson*, James Postell*, James^, 
Thomas^, David^] and Katherine Erwin were married in 
Chicago, 111., by Rev. J. L. Jones, November 14, 1895. 


Issue : 

I. William Wesson Jervey, born December 22, 1897. 

Alan Laird Jervey [Henry Dickson^, James Postell*, 
James"\ Thomas^, David^] and Mary Middleton Elliott were 
married in Beaufort, S. C, by Rev. P. D. Hay, October 29, 
Issue : 

I. Mary Middleton Elliott Jervey, born December 27, 

James Postell Jervey [Henry Dickson^ James Postell*, 
James^, Thomas''^, David^] ard Jean Bonrecou Webb were 
married in New York, June 27, 1894. . 

I. Jean Postell Jervey, born March 1, 1896. 
II. James Postell Jervey, born November 25, 1897. 

Walter Elliott Jervey [Henry Dickson^, James Postell^ 
James^, Thomas^, David^] and Margaret Boston Cocke v^^ere 
married in Virginia, June 18, 1895. 
Issue : 

I. Dudley Boston Jervey, born September 1, 1898; 
died June 23, 1901. 

II. Louise Elliott Jervey, born March 29, 1 901; died 

April 4, 1901. 
III. Walter Cocke Jervey, born November 28, 1902. 

James Wilkinson Jervey [Eugene Postell', James Postell*, 
James^, Thomas^ David^], M. D., and Helen Doremus Smith 
were married in Charleston, S. C, by Rev. John Kershaw, 
and Rev. Wm. T. Thompson, October 26, 1899. 

I. James Wilkinson Jervey, born February 19, 1901. 
IL Helen Jervey, born June 29, 1902. 

James Laird Jervey (85) and Sallie Elizabeth DeYeaux 
were married at Columbia, S. C, July 1, 1869, and had 
issue : 


I. Catherine Stevens Jervey, born at Pinopolis, S. C, 

October 16, 1870: died May 1, 1871. 
II. Sallie DeYeaiix Jervey, born at Cedar Spring, S. 
C. December 4, 1871; died July 6, 1872. 
III. William St. Julien Jervey, born in St. John's 
Parish, Berkeley, April 10, 1873; graduated at the 
South Carolina Military Academy in 1894; is now 
an officer in the United States Army. 
lY. James Laird Jervey, born at Northampton planta- 
tion, N'ovember 29, 1874. Attorney at Law, 
Charleston, S. C. 
V. Ste[)hen DeVeaux Jervey, born at Pinopolis, Sep- 
tember 16, 1876. 

James Laird Jervey (85) and Mary H. Gantt were 
married at Charleston, S. C, August 3, 1880, and 
had issue: 
YI. Lawrence Merritt Jervey, born in Charleston, May 

16, 1881. 
YII. Mary Laird Jervey, born in Charleston, June 11, 

YIII. Eichard Gantt Jervey, born in Charleston, August 
80, 1886. 

Rene Ravenel Jervey (87) and Sallie Yirginia Screven 
(born February 18, 1851) were married June 29, 1871, and 
had issue : 

L John Screven Jervey, born in Charleston, March 

16, 1872; died March 2, 1873. 
11. William Jervey, born in Charleston, June 9, 1873; 
died December 16, 1893. 
III. Rene Ravenel Jervey, born in Charleston, ITovem- 

ber 27, 1875. 
lY. Walter Wilson Jervey, born in Charleston, January 

12, 1878; died April 10, 1881. 
Y. Charles Stevens Jervey, born in Charleston, March 
18, 1880; died April 29, 1881. 


VI. Edward Marion Jervey, born in Charleston, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1883, and died August 7, 1905. 
YII. Ellen Screven Jervey, born in Charleston, Septem- 
ber 10, 1885. 
VIII. James Postell Jervey, born in Charleston, January 
24, 1888. 
IX. Sally Screven Jervey, born in Charleston, February 

20, 1889. 
X. Katherine Raven el Jervey, born in Charleston, 
September 4, 1890. 

Rene Ravenel Jervey [Rene RaveneP, William*, James*, 
Thomas^ David^] and Viola Jennings were married in 'No- 
vember, 1901. 
Issue : 

I. Rene Ravenel Jervey, born December 24, 1902. 
II. William Haynesworth Jervey, born February 9, 

Lewis Jervey (31) was born ISTovember 12, 1819. 
His daughter, Clare, was born December 11, 1864. 


William S. Hastie, a member of the South Carolina 
Historical Societ}^, died at his home, Magnolia-on-the-Ash- 
ley, St. Andrew's Parish, Charleston County, Wednesday, 
E'ebruary 14, 1906. He was born in New York, N. Y., 
June 9, .1843. He came to Charleston with his parents at 
about the age of fifteen, and entered the insurance business 
with his father in 1869, the firm name being W. S. Hastie 
& Son. Upon the death of his father he became the head 
of the firm, and so remained to the day of his death, the 
business being conducted for many years prior thereto at 44 
Broad Street. He was at the time of his death a member 
of the Charleston Board of Underwriters, of which he had 
been president from 1890 to 1896; a member and second 
vice president of the Charleston Chamber of Commerce; a 
member and chairman of the board of stewards of the New 
England Society; a member of the South Carolina Society, 
Sons of the Revolution, and of the St. Cecilia Society, and 
was a warden of St. Andrew's Parish. 

On November 22, 1870, he married Julia Drayton, who, 
with two sons, Messrs Drayton F.,.and C. Norwood Hastie, 
and two daughters, Miss Marie Hastie and Mrs. Ella 
(Hastie) Memminger, wife of W. W. Memminger, survives 


Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 

Volume L 1857. $2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 

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Volume IIL 1859. ' $4.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 

VolumelV. 1887. 

Unbound, $2. Bound, $3.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume V. 1897. Paper, $2.00 

Journal of a Voyage to Charlestown in So. Carolina by 
Pelatiah "Webster in 1765. Edited by Prof. T. P. Harrison. 
1898. - 50c. 

The History of the Santee Canal. By Prof . F. A. Por- 
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The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Maga- 
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The South Carolina Historical 
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Genealogical Maga- 

Volume XL 1901. 

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ContknTS: Papers of the Second Council of Safety cf the Revolu- 
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Historical Notes, The South Carolina Historical Society, Necrology, In- 

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Line, Continental Establishment; South Carolina Gleanings in England; 
Hugh Hext and Some of His Descendants; The Town of Dorchester, in 
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\/OL. \/II-INo. 3 

JULY, l^O^. 

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Letters from the Marquis de Lafayette to Hon. 

Henry Laurens 115 

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Address: South Carolina Historical Society, 

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The South Carohna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VII. JULY, 1906. No. 3. 

TO HON. HENRY LAURENS, 1777-1780. 

{Continued from the April number.) 


Addressed: to . 

The honorable Mr Laurens 

President of Congress 
York town 

in Camp the 2"^^ day of the year 1777^ 
I am undone, my dear Sir, our cloathes, the fair object of 
my Most charming hopes, they are, I am told, detained 
in york town and confined in a dark jail— consider, if 
you please, that they are innocent strangers, travelling 
thro' this state, and very desirous of meeting the Virgin- 
ian regiments, they belong to— if they are detained only 
for erecting the most respectable rights of hospitality 
receive here my thanks in the name of Virginia— but if 
it is possible, I do not want they should be entertained 
longer, and I wish very heartily they schould appear soon 
upon the nacked backs of our honest Virginians soldiers 


for whom they have been destinated, pay'd, and sent to 
the army by the way of york town where they have been 
so kindly received as I was told yesterday night, 
it has been objected to me by an officer of an other state, 
that Virginia was indebted for cloathes with the other 
provinces, and that Congress would avoid troubling her 
for the payment of them— but, sir, rags had been given 
to us, and rags are upon our backs since the beginning, 
which we schall deliver very heartily when asked for— 
it is just in case our Virginia schould be indebted that 
she would press in his own bosom the due quantity of 
scattered and worn uniforme cloathes she has received, 
(if however the other provinces have furnished a greater 
proportion, in distinguishing provincial and continental 
cloathes) but in the same time it would be unfair to de- 
prive us of those uniforms which are our property, and 
schall be I hope our safety, happiness, and pride in the 
next campaign. 

I Am told that my division will be about five thousand 
strong— reduce it to four and fiye hundred for reasons ob- 
vious— I was in hopes that those men would be drest in a 
convenient, uniform, and comfortable manner, and now I 
begin to give up those flattering ideas— if I could receive 
at once clothes for the whole, then I should not trouble 
any body about the matter, till the end of this war, if 
this war is to be carried on in a vigorous manner, which 
do not so much depend on the Warlike resolvedss than 
the Civil exertions of Congress— I send you (for you) the 
manner in which I desire my men could be drest, not 
however as a scheme-maker, but because that plan seems 
agree with the views of his excellency. 
We are at the beginning of the year— I desire you could 
have hundred happy ones before you— to see your good 
intentions accomplished, to see peace, union, love and 
glory attend all the right enterprises of this for ever free 


continent, to see all my american friends beloved and 
respected in it, to see you, sir, who is among the most 
intimate and dearest I ever had any where alwai's happy 
and satisfied as well in your family as in public businesses 
because you schall never have any satisfaction but in the 
good and the right are the most ardent wishes of 
Dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the Mquis de Lafayette 
I desire you would be so good as to speak about 
those cloathes to the Virginian gentlemen in Congress. 

[The Enclosure.] 

at Camp the 28 december 1777 
Some of the general officers gave yesterday theyr opinion 
to your excellency for the form of our niew cloathes, — 
I beg leave to set plain here my ideas about this point— 
in considering our scarcity I try to make them as com- 
fortable as possible. 

1'^ the hat must be round and turn'd up in one side, the 
bream of about three inches,— such an hat would be very 
good against the sun and the rain— we have not niew 
hats enough to turn them up in any other uniform man- 
ner, and those little hats would look very cleverly— it 
will be perhaps possible to adorn them with a little 

2^ the stock must be black made with hair, leather, or 
some slight black stoff with a leather in the inside to keep 
it firm around the neck. 

3'^ each soldier must have three and never less than two 
good shirts— otherwise it is impossible to have him clean 
—if we can't get shirts we must press them in the seve- 
ral states 

4"' theyr hair must be cut short no lower than the begin- 
ning of the stock and wash'd every day 


5*^ the blanckets must have one or two buttons to sur- 
round the breast and be a kind of great coat 

6"' the coat must be only a waist coat (at the f rench 
mihtary fashion) with large lapels, which are turned back 
in a fair weather, and buttonn'd upon the breast against 
the cold, rain &c.— a standind collar of one inch and a 
half, the sleeves of three inches and half —I wish'd if 
possible that the ground would be unif orme the lappels 
to distinguish the states, and the collar and sleeves to 
distinguish the regiments those waist coats are to have 
lanings of the same color as the lappels if possible— some 
gentlemen in the army have the dimensions of those 
waist coats. 

T they men should have a little jacquet without belt 
neither pocquet and a pair of over alls under which they 
could have stockings and breaches if they can get some, 
otherwise they'l do without— the jacquet and over all to 
be of woollen— this is for the winter for in summer time 
they will have linen over alls and j acquets under the 
waist coat without breaches neither stockings, even when 
they could get them* 

8" the schoes to be made with a great care and pretty 
easy— the skinss of all the beefs killed in the army or in 
publick departments schould be' employed to it— if we 
could have little half boots not heavy but as a kind of 
little half gaitter it would do much better— this to be 
alwais without stockings, and the inside of the schoe 
greased every day— those half gaitters would save the 
bocles for the shoes. 

9" the men should comb theyr hair every day after wash- 
ing it, cut theyr beard twice a week and alwais when they 
are upon parade for guards, and take baths when they 
will have opportunity to it 

*the little jacquet in the over alls with two buttons to keep it 


1° the men should pass every day (principally those who 
are upon duty) a review of cleaneness to know if they 
are not dirty and drest in an unbecoming manner— the 
commanding officer of each compagny schould muster 
twice a week the cloathes of theyr men, and theyr bags 
to know both if they have the due cloathes, soap, grease 
&c. and if they have nothing more— in the first case that 
the loss should be repaired at theyr expense and them- 
selves punished, in the second it must be confiscated for 
the publick. 

11" the non commissioned officers are to be distin- 
guished, therefore I give to the sergeants two pieces of 
stoff of a different color arround theyr arms close by the 
sleeves and one to the corporals 

12" I wish'd too that the officers and each rank among 
them could be distinguished by theyr epaulets, or any 
other manner, and the general officers to take care that 
all the officers should preserve such distinctions— it would 
prevent the mistakes which happen every day in the 
army, and oblige the soldiers to pay due respect to theyr 
officers— they should be ordered to put theyr hands to 
theyr hats (without pulling them of) when they cross an 
officer, to present theyr arms, when upon centry, to the 
general officers field officers of theyr own regt and officers 
of the day, and to shoulder theyr arms for the others 
13" as I include the cartridge boxes among the cloaths I 
wish that some proper means should be taken for getting 
better ones. 

14" the field officer commanding a regiment is to review 
his regiment every week, look very attentively the arms, 
cloathes, bags &c &c, know the employment of every 
piece which is not to be found, inquire if it has been re- 
paired at the expense of the soldier, and punish every 
officer or soldier who is guilty of neglect on that point — 
the same thing to be done by the brigadier twice a month, 


and by the commandant of a division when he pleases to 
arrive in a moment where he will be unexpected. 
15 the review of cleaness to be alwais attended by the 
commissioned officer every day 

16 such are the ideas which I submit to your excel- 
lency — I know that the circumstances should admit some 
variations, but in taking a way the ornaments of my 
scheeme, I think that it offers the most comfortable and 
easy manner of cloathing our troops 

the Mquis de Lafayette. M. g, 
if we could get materials enough it would be possible to 
have a large belt out of the jacquet and independant of 
it, which could be tide upon the belly, the bags must be 
strong and held by the two shoulders in crossing upon 
the breast. 

Endorsed: Marquis de laf ayette 
2Jan^. 1778- 


Addressed: to 

The honorable Mr Laurens 
President of Congress 
York town 

Dear Sir 

Alwais new letters from me; but the matter I will 
mention is too interesting, and I am too sensible of the 
confidence I am intrusted with in this occasion to differ 
a single instant more. 

a f rench gentleman mestre de camp in second (as we 
call it) in the regiment of chartres [?] dragoons whose 
name is much known to me tho' I never saw himself. Mr 
de La tored dupin de montauban is possessed with the de- 
sire of taking his part in our noble cause— his propositions 
are as moderate as disinterested, and tho' I do not know 


him he honoured me with his confidence, and desired me 
to lay his intentions before Congress— he is so poHte as 
to wish to make the next campaign with me, and I schall 
acknowledge his politeness and good opinion by the 
strictest attendance to his business— I am alwa'is happy 
to see my countrymen worthy of the name of f rench 
they are honoured with, and I am noless satisfied to see 
them coming here without any interested neither too 
ambitious intentions. 

that gentleman proposes to come over with ten good 
experienced officers, and one among them has made 
the last war in america— twenty four soldiers who 
will be the non commissioned officers of his corps— 
this corps to be raised among the british or hessian de- 
serters, among the american themselves, till the number 
of two hundred men— in case it would be impossible to 
raise them in the continent he schould endeavour to ob- 
tain leave for recruiting in or about f ranee — he will bring 
with him arms, cloathes, shoes &c &c. for his troop and 
this at his expense— he does not ask any appointments 
to congress for himself but only for his officers and sol- 
diers and I am to know at what rate they will be pay'd, 
which commissions they will get — there will be also three 
field pieces with a quantity of powder, and two sergeants 
of artillery with four soldiers to serve them — he intends 
to join to the whole a surgeon a taylor, a shoe maker &c. 
in all america will have a corps of two hundred men with 
proper oflficers non commissioned officers and every thing 
to enable that corps to be useful and well attended to. 
such are the propositions which he made to me, and I do 
not see any thing there but very moderate and advan- 
tageous to the cause; be so good, sir, as to answer as soon 
as possible upon that article, because V\ My letter to 
gnl Knox for boston, and I schall inclose to that officer 
the exact words of your letter, and whatever Congress 
will approve or resolve upon the matter. 


With the most tenderest affection I have the honor to be 
Dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 

the mquis de Lafayette 
don't forget our good eloathes for the sake of our naked 

Endorsed: Marquis de la f ayette 
no date Rec'^ 12 Jan^ 
Answ'\ — 


Addressed: to 

The honorable henry Laurens president 
of Congress 

York town 

Camp the 15 January 1778 
Dear Sir 

The bearer of this letter is a f rench officer who 
came over with a warm desire of being received in the 
american army — he brought with him many recom- 
mendations for me, and a firm confidence that I schould 
obtain some empoloiement for him from Congress — I 
wish'd that idea could be a little lessened in the minds 
of my country men, who send me gentlemen with that 
very sentence; I hope you will not refuse to have a com- 
mission from the united states for M. such a one — how- 
ever I wrote to my friends not to presume in that bold 
manner of my powerfull protection— otherwise they 
could have the desagreement of seeing the bearer of theyr 
letters going back with a negative answer not from me 
but from Congress— however I wish'd it could not be the 
case for this gentleman— I am told that he is of a very 
good family, a sensible, brave, honest young man and 
worthy of every regard— my desire would be to see him 


obtain a commission which I leave to your own choice 
(he was Heutenant in f ranee, and has been three years 
before volunteer in one other regiment which rank of vol- 
unteer is highly considered by every rank of frenchmen) 
I could annex him without any command to some rgt in 
my division— he has with him a letter from doctor frank- 
lin to Mr peters which I beg you would read because I 
do'nt know the contains of it — it would be desagreable 
if that poor young man was refused after coming with 
a plain confidence in my recommendation and this letter 
of the doctor — he is himself a very good gentilhomme of 
a province in which lies a part of my estates— I do'nt 
believe he is by any means a rich man — great many of 
our f rench gentils hommes have nothing but theyr swords, 
but the know how to make a noble use of it according to 
the vitous and glorious example of theyr ancestors, 
with the greatest affection I have the honor to be 

dear sir Your most obedient servant 
the mquis de Lafayette 
I desired M le chevalier de mauduit du plessis 
to take along that gentleman with him, and tell you 
what he has seen of his recommendations 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

15 Jan^ 1778 Rec^^ 20"^- 

Mon'. Duplaise's. 

Addressed: , to 

The honorable henry Laurens 
President of Congress 
At -York town 

Camp the fifteenth January 1778 
Dear Sir 

it is with the greatest pleasure that I see the cheva- 
lier de mauduit du plessis, going to Congress with a re- 
commandation suitable to his merit — that gentleman is 


distinguished by all what can make a man worthy of an 
universal esteem and affection— his military learning, 
and strict attendance to his duty, his knowledge of the 
world through which he has amasingly travelled for his 
age, his unbounded and alwais ready courage, the good- 
ness of his heart, modesty of his temper, and elevation 
of his mind, intitle him to be called on every point a fine 
young man— so I love to see french-men — such he is, 
give me leave to say, the true f rench character —there 
is no stranger in america who has showed a more disin- 
terested love for the cause, and given more repeated and 
essential services — I am not in any doubt of his having 
the same commission and the same date to it as Colonel 
Henry, according to the general's desire, this of the 
army, and I may add my very earnest one — he was with 
me in the jersays (where . I have been lately confirmed 
by a deserter that our parcel of three hundred men had 
the honor of fighting with his lordship's own person at 
the head of the two hessian and british detachments) 
and as I had desired him to take a small little party to 
come near the ennemy, he attacked them with his usual 
boldness— the chevalier's conduct in that occasion is 
really to be mentioned in the list of his other military 

do not loose any time, my dear sir, to send down that ever 
expected committee, which stops the course of every 
thing till they will have settled Many important matters — 
I expect my much beloved Virginian cloathes with the 
greatest impatience, and they will be a very delightfull 
sight for me — did you hear if our recruiting and draft- 
ing department was carried on with a great vigour ? let us 
try to be able to keep the field before the ennemy will think 
of leaving the philadelphian girls, or be cured of the cruel 
cupid's wounds— god bless you, my dear sir, and our 
noble cause, with such blessings, and good cloathes, good 



discipline, good bayonnets, we schall disappoint all the 
barbarous projects of tyranny— with the greatest affec- 
tion, and highest regard I have the honor to be 

dear sir Your most obedient servant 
the mquis de Lafayette 
You remember that the the chevalier was one of the 
two glorious, heroic young men who attacked the stone 
house in germain town 
Endorsed: Marquis de lafayette 
16*'^ Rec^ 19 Jan^ 1778 

Dear Sir 

I have received two letters from you by Colonel 
du plessis, and one by the young gentleman whom I had 
directed to you some days ago — in those favors you men- 
tion to me a particular point upon which Mr du plessis 
gave me in your name a more extended explanation— I 
wish'd, my dear sir, to be able to express you in better 
and stronger terms how flattered and honoured I find 
myself by that precious mark of confidence from the 
Congress of the united States— I am young, I am there- 
fore unexperienced, but every mean in my power, every 
knowledge in the military way I can have got since the 
first days of my life, every thing nature could have 
granted to me, all my exertions, and the last drop of my 
blood, schall be employed in showing my acknowledge- 
ment for such a favor and how I wish to deserve it— I 
schould never think of asking any command, but I be- 
lieve it is of my duty as well as of my gratefulness and 
my own satisfaction not to decline a so honorable mark 
of confidence— if by every exertion in my power, if 
principally by the advices of my ofl^cers, and spirited 
bravery of my troops, I am happy enough as to meet 
with some good luck, then, sir, my greatest satisfaction 
schall be to serve the noble cause of liberty, and in the 


same time not to be useless to the succe's and future 
glory of our respectable friend — for I dare hope, that 
Congress will permit me to look upon myself only as a 
detachment of general Washington's army, and an officer 
under his immediate command — there is, sir, a very par- 
ticular instance about my going to engage the english to 
leave the country called some time ago the niew f ranee. 
it is that one of my ancestors marshal of f ranee under 
the french king Charles seventh, the Marshal de La- 
fayette at the head of the army, and an immense number 
of volunteers, was happy enough as to drove the english 
from old france which they had invaded, after having 
defeated them in a large battle and killed the duke de 
clarence the English king's brother with his own hand. 
You will be surprised to hear that I have not received 
any intelligence about that Appointment from any mem- 
ber of Congress or of the board war but from the presi- 
dent of Congress— perhaps a man who is not unknown 
to you has contrived some base scheme to stop the expe- 
dition of it— I am told by the baron de Kalb who has 
received a letter from a gentleman in york-town, that 
the same man is appointed to be under me in the com- 
mand I am interested with— the baron is very angry 
against him on account of his publishing every where 
that almost all the french officers are disatisfied with the 
american service and gnl Washington, and that he him- 
self haron deKalh without speaking a word of it is put by 
gnl connway at the head of the list — I desire you would 
receive soon this letter to know which is my way of 
thinking about those matters. 

Amongs All the men who could be sent under me Mr 
Connway is the most disagreable to me and the most 
prejudiciable to the cause— I Confess you that love and 
friendship have alwais been my diities— this last senti- 
ment I feel to the most perfect degree for general wash- 


ington— how can I support the society of a man who has 
spocken of my friend in .the most insolent and abusive 
terms, who has done, and does every day all his power 
to ruin him, who tries to extend the fire in every part of 
the army and the country— on the other hand I am very 
certain that every one who can find one single reason of 
refusing diie respect and love to gnl Washington will find 
thousand ones of hating me to death— such sentiments 
would be attended with horrid circumstances and I do 
assure you that if any officer schould do in my army 
what he has done in this, he would be confined imme- 
diately, and cashiered by a courtmartial. I know that 
connway will sacrify honor, truth, and every thing re- 
spectable to his own ambition and desire of making a 
fortune — what engages me to despise him more is that 
he is with me as submitt, as complaisant; and low than 
he is insolent with those he do'nt fear. 
I want, sir, to have with me men who hearty for the 
cause, respected by theyr virtue, candid in theyr advices, 
ponctual in the execution of our projects, quiete by theyr 
temper and moderate in theyr discourses, as well as theyr 
actions, could engage the confidence of the people, give 
good examples to the officers, help the young commander 
in chief both by wise and sincere advices, and by triie 
exertions for the common cause, who in case I was killed 
could take immediately my place, till farther ordSrs, and 
be depended upon by Congress in all cases, even when 
stronger inductions, and hopes of fortune at home could 
engage them to make a bad use of the confidence of 
Congress and this of the Canadians, 
you have among you a man of real virtiie, a man who 
loves truly his country the brave and prudent mgdougall 
—this is a man entirely convenient to me— the coldeness 
of his age will calm the ardor of my twenty years — I 


came with the baron de Kalb in this country,^ he is wise, 
he is a good officer, he is not over-powered by the clam- 
ours of an unbounded ambition— I am sure both will be 
glad to come with me— one reason more to desire gnl 
mgdougall is that being amongs Canadians I schall be 
obliged to francise myself, and speak much about the 
french blood to gain theyr hearts — I wished to have with 
me a man of a great judgement, and ardent lover of his 
country to prevent the ideas of diffidence which are un- 
happily so frequent among a free people. 
I fancy that great many french officers, and even french 
soldiers scaterred in the army will be given to me to 
establish the confidence of our fourteenth state — I hope 
that some other means of succeeding in supplies artillery 
&c. will be granted to your much too young deputie in 
Canada— I expect with a great impatience the appoint- 
ment and other orders in order to know what I am to do 

— I schall not loose a minute to execute every thing Fl 
be directed to— I do not believe that any large number 
of troops could be taken out from our present army 
without great inconvenience— if some are selected Col- 
onel smith's and Jackson's niew regiments from new 
england, who do'nt belong to any body and above all 
Colonel hazen with his Canadians companys are I believe 

to fill up the list. 

- _ . . 

^"A Number of Volunteers and French Officers, who have three 
Years Leave to serve in America, are just arrived here, landed from 
a Snow that left Bourdeaux the 26th of March last; Amongst them 
are, the Marquis de Moncalm, and the Marquis de Fayette, the last 
said to be Son-in-Law to the Duke d'Agnen. " — The Gazette of the 
State of South- Carolina, Monday, June 16, 1777. 

''There was a mistake in the Account inserted in our last, of Officers 
landed from a French Snow, to enter into the Continental Service: 
The Marquis De Montcalm is not among them; but there are, the Mar- 
quis De La Fayette, Baron de Kalb, and the Viscount De Mauroig all 
Major-Generals, an Engineer, and eleven other Officers of inferior' 
rank."— Ibid, Monday, June 23, 1777. 


L* Colonel du plessis is, I believe the best man to com- 
mand the artillery in the world — tho' he is young he is 
a gentleman of superior habilities, high virtue, and most 
respectable and noble sentiments— I schall be highly 
pleased if he is given to me in that appointment, and 
that will be a way of taking along with 'me the f rench 
officers de fortune as it is the intention of Congress, you 
can speak freely about my business to Col du plessis 
as soon as I will receive the appointment of Congress, I 
schall direct to you a letter of thanks which you'l be 
pleased to read in the house— I'l beg you to keep secrete 
the injurious personnalities which are in the present, but 
if there are some things you think proper to communi- 
cate I give you my full liberty for it, and I am certain 
you will attend my interests as a true friend, 
v/ith the sentiments of a warmer lover of your country 
than I have ever been, with the greatest gratefulness of 
the confidence of congress, and the most tender affection 
for his respectable president I have the honor to be 
dear sir Your most obedient servant 

the M" de Faf ayette 
When I had just finished M. Moriss came into head quar- 
ters and as I did know that he was a friend of ours I 
have communicated to him almost all my letter— he will 
wrait to You— I have been very happy to hear that he 
was of the same opinion as myself for gnl Mg. douggal 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

supposed to have been 

written 26*^ Rec^ 27 Jan^. 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.] 


Orders by OoW, Pinckney Decern^ 25"^: 1777- Parole 
Christmas The Cor. wishes a happy Chrstmas to y' 
Officers & Men, but hopes The Decent Festivity which 
he admits this day will not be Debased, by the latter, by 
Drunkness or Disorderly behaviour and if it Should he 
will be under Necessity of debaring them from any In- 
dulgence, or a futur Occasion— For Guard tomorrow 
Cap'. Saunders V\ Gadsden & Glover — 

Orders by Colo\ Pinckney Decem''. 26'\ 1777 Parole 
Turn a Bout The Cap''. & Commanders of Companies 
are to make a Return tomorrow Morning of the Number 
of Men in their Respective Companies who wants Sho & 
knee Buckles & on this being provided for them, stop- 
ages will be made in their pay on next pay day for Guard 
tomorrow Cap'. Cattell Lieu'. Williamson & Clifford A 
Court Martial to sit this morning to try Such Prisoners 
as may be brought Before them all Witness to attend 
Cap'. Theus President of the Court Lieu". Hixt and 
Lining Members 

27"' Orders by Colo'. Pinckney Parole apaminondas— 

For Guard tomorrow Cap'. Turner Lieu'. Weatherly 
and Simmons A Court Martial to sit this morning for 
the Trial of all such Prisoners as may be Brought Before 
them all witness to attend Cap'. Hyrn President of the 
Court Lieu". Gadsden Lavacher Weatherly & Glover 
Members — 

Orders by Col'. Pinckney Decem'. 28"': 1777 Parole 
Prusia Corporal James Pringle of Cap'. Saunderses 
Company is appointed Serj'. in s^ Company & is to be 
Obey'd as such For Guard tomorrow Cap'. Theus Lieu". 
Hixt & Lavacher 


Gen'. Orders by Gen\ Moultrie Dated Head Quarters 
Charles Town Decern^ 28th: 1777 Ordered that when 
any men of war are of this Barr that a guard Boat be 
kept at night Going from Fort Johnston to Fort Moul- 
trie & so on from Each Fort to the other that there may 
be no Communication Between the Town & the Enemy 
that way as also to take up any Suspected persons going 

Orders by CoW Pinckney Decem^ 29th: 1777 Parole 
Berlin one Subaltern 1 Serjeant & 18 Rank & file to go 
in y' Guard Boat when the men of warr are of the barr 
Each man to be provided with 30 Round of Cartridges— 
The Chimneys are to be Swept tomorrow Morning a 
Monthly return to be Given in to the Adjutant of the 
Different Companies tomorrow morning — for Guard to 
morrow Cap^ Hyrn Lieu*'. Lining and Glover- 
Gen'. Orders by Gen'. Moultrie Dated Head Quarters 
Charles Town Decem^ 29"^: 1777-The 2\ Reg\ is or- 
dered to git in Readiness to go to Fort Moultrie y" 6'^'' of 
January Next to Relieve y' first Reg', which is Ordered 
to Town they may Move their Baggage &c, as soon as 
Convenient no huts or Buildings about the fort is to be 
hurted or demolished on any account whatsoever those 
that are private property the Gen', will endeavour to git 
them paid by The State — Orders by Cap'. Hyrn Decem'. 
30'": day 1777 Parole Fishkiln, ^ — all Tradesmen be- 
longing to the 1" Reg'. Imploy'd on the Publick are 
Emediately to Join their Respective Companies, & officers 
Commanding Companies are Desired to attend very per- 
ticularly to the Training & Instructing those men as it's 
Supposed their Long absence from Exercise must have 
Rendr'd Them very Awkward — For Guard tomorrow 
Cap'. Turner Lieu". Grey and Clifford— 

A Court Martial to sit this Morning for the Trial of 
all such Prisoners as may be brought before them all 


Witness to attend Cap^ Saunders President Lieu*'. Hixt 
Grey Williamson and Simmons Members— December y" 
31^* day 1777— Regt\ Orders by Lieu^ Cor. Cattell Parole 
Thamestocle The Reg'. Being ordered to Charles Town 
the L*. Cor. expects the men will pay the utmost atten- 
tion to their Duty & appearance, he flatters himself that 
every Soldier priding himself That he belongs to the 1'* 
Reg^ in keeping up the Charecter of The Corps, he there- 
fore gives this Notice that they may have their Cloths 
& arms Clean, & in Good order by Tuesday Next the 
Day they are ordered to Town that no Excuse May be 
made, for a neglect, as offenders will undoubtedly be 
punished this Order to be read to the men for three days 
For Guard tomorrow Cap*. Hyrn Lieu*'. Gadsden & Sim- 
mons Regt\ Orders by Lieu*. CoW Cattell January 1'*: 

Parole Newyear ^ —For Guard tomorrow Cap*. Saun- 
ders L*. Williamson & Weatherly — January 2*^ day 1778 — 

Regt\ Orders by Lieu*. CoP. Cattell Parole Thermo- 
pyles John Harris of Cap* Venderhorsts Company to be 
tried this Morning by a Court Martial for absence with- 
out Leave as also Thomas Mecan of Cap*. Turners Com- 
pany for being Drunk When for Duty all Evidences to 
attend Cap*"\ & Commanders of Companies will have 
their Spears Cleand that they may be Delivered up at 
the Relief in proper order — 

For Guard tomorrow Cap*. Cattell L*\ Lavacher & 
Evan President of the Court Cap*. Cattell L*'. Lining 
Gadsden Evan & Glover Members— January 3"^: 1778— 

Regt'. Orders by L*. CoP. Cattell Parole Cassius— For 
Guard tomorrow Cap*. Ladson L*'. Hixt & Glover After 
Orders by Colonel Pinckney John Knap Serj*. Major is 
promoted to be Quarter Master to the 1'* Reg*. & is to be 
Obeyed & Respected as Such, Peter Johannas is appointed 
Serj*. Major in the Room of M'. Knap promoted and is 
to be Obey'd as Such — 


Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date L*. Lining 
vice L*. Hixt, for Guard tomorrow, L*. Hixt for Guard 
this night Orders by Colo\ Pinckney Fort Moultrie 
January 4"': 1778 Parole Montezuma }- Orders by Major 
Scott of the same date For Guard tomorrow Cap'. Tur- 
ner V\ Grey & Clifford 

Orders by CoP. Pinckney Jan^. 5"': 1778 Parole Cap- 
pidocia A Court Martial to sit this Morning for the 
trial of all Such Prisoners as may be brought before 
them all witness to attend, A Court of Inquiry is also 
to sit this morning The Colo', will be Obliged to them 
to Inquire into the Dispute Between the Sutlar & Sexton 
and into the accusation of Serjeant Welch — Corporal 
Tho'. Deloney of the Light Infentry Company is ap- 
pointed Serj'. in Cap*. Saunderses Company and is to be 
Obey^ as such Corporal Lam\ Scott of Cap*. Vender- 
horsts Company is appointed Serj*. to S^ Company and 
is to be Obey'd as such — 

Orders by Major Scott January 5"' day 1778 For Guard 
tomorrow Cap*. Pinckney Lieu*' Gadsden & Fishburn — 
Cap*. Ladson President of y' Court Lieu*'. Weatherly 
Lavacher Fishburn and Simmons Members — After Or- 
ders by Major Scott of y' Same Date Cap*. Turner 
President of y' Court of Inqury L*'. Elliott Hixt Lining 
& Gadsden Members — 

Orders by CoP. Pinckney Jan\ 6*\ 1778 Parole Adieu 
The Reg*, by its Removil to Town is placed in a Situation 
Which may be fatal to its Reputation, If that Discipline 
For which we have Been Remark'd, & for which y' Col', is 
Perticularly Obliged to the Assiduty and attention of his 
Officers, Shall be in the Least Relexed, the Reg*, must 
be Infallibly Ruined, it will become a Nucence & Burthen 
to the Country, Instead of being a Benefit & Support to 
it, & our present Reputation, will Render our futer Dis- 
grace the Greater But if we presere our Discipline not- 


withstanding the Disappation & Seduction of the Town, 
we Shall have the heart felt Satisfaction of having done 
our Duty, & Shall not be unworthy of The praises of our 
Country, the CoW therefore In joins by his attachment 
to his Reg*, by his Regard for his Country, by y*. Love 
of Military Glory, which should Swell the Soldiers breast 
& Lead him to Renown, to Exert every Endeavour to 
preserve & Increase the Discipline of the Reg\. that 
when our Country Shall call us forth to real action we 
may add to not deminish it is Glorious Discipline Strict 
and Righted — 

by the force of of Discipline the Grecians Routed the 
numerous house of persia, the Romans Gain'd their 
amazing victories, a hand full of men in Every age have 
Rendred themselves Superior to the Largest Armies 
where Discipline was Neglected let us Emulate those 
Troops who have observed the most Exemplary Discip- 
line, & let every officer every private Think like the 
Legonery Soldiers of old, that y' Reputation of his Corps 
Depends in a Great Measure upon himself in Order in 
Some Measure to preserve this Discipline, the Officers 
must pay the Greatest attention to their men, They 
Mounting a Guard in turn, & Commanding a Division & 
Subdivision on parade are the least of an officers Duty, 
the Several parts of which are so well known to most of 
the officers of the 1'* Reg'. & have Been so often Repeated 
to them in various Orders that they need not be Numer- 
ated here. The Colo'. However is assur'd They will pay 
the most assitius attention to Every part of their Duty, 
& think the utmost they can do for the Good of the Ser- 
vice is not more then they ought to do Either the Lieu*. 
Col', or Major will Reside Constantly in Barracks, — The 
Married Officers under the Rank of a Field officer who 
have wives in Town may Sleep at home, there can be no 
Reason for Granting that Indulgence to the unmarried 


officers they therefore must Sleep in the Barracks — The 
Officers may Diet out but the Col'. Expects they will be 
as little absent from their men as possible, no non Com- 
missioned officer or private is to go to any house in Town 
where Spiritus Liquors are Retailed without he is ordered 
so to do by a Commission'd officer If he is found with- 
out Such order he Shall be Sevearly Punis'd no Non- 
commissioned officer Drum', fif er or Private is to go from 
the Barracks into the Town without leave from a Field 
officer or the Cap*, of the Day & they will be CarefuU 
not to permit any Soldiers to go there, but who is well 
powder'd & Clean Drest — 

The officers or Guard Review or Publick occasions are 
to be Powdered, — The noncommissioned officers Drum". 
Fif ers & Privates is to be powdered every Day & Shaved 
at least 3 times every week, for this purpose 6 Barbers 
are to be appointed, who are to be Excused Common 
Duty, & to Receive for their Trouble & Expence, 5/ pe'. 
Month from each nonCommissioned officer Drummer 
Fif er & private, the barber to find powder Razors & sope, 
the hair of the noncommission^' officers & privates are 
to be worn short or platted & braded up, the men Warnd 
for Guard are to be shaved as soon as the are warn'd, all 
the Orders of the Reg*. Relating to Cleanness & Dress 
are to be put in Strict Execution — 

There are to be 2 Field Days in a week viz Tuesday 
and Friday, the major will see that the Officers attend 
Punctually for Those Days — 

The Rool is to be Call'd at 7 OClock in y^ Morning, at 
Retreat & at tatto Beating & Morning & Evening Re- 
ports are constantly to be Given in to the Commanding 
officer — Such printed Orders of y' Reg', as relate to the 
men & the above Orders to be read to the men by a Com- 
mission'd officer of Each Company every Day for the 
Ensuing Fortnight — The whole Reg*, are to be Powdered 


clean Shaved & in a Soldier like Dress in Order to Make 
a proper appearance in their march Through the Town, 
their Blankets are to be neatly Roaled & f astned at their 

Backs, the Reg*, will land at Ropers wharf- 

Regt\ Orders by CoY. Pinckney Jan^ 8*'^ day 1778 A 
Court martial to sit this morning for the trial of all such 
Prisoners as may be brought before them all Evidences 
to attend — 

Orders by Major Scott of y' same Date Cap*''. Cattell 
L'. Jackson & L\ Simmons for the main G^ this Day. 
Capt*. Saunders Cap*, for the Day L*. Lavacher for the 
Quarter Guard this Day L*. Elliott for the Magezenne 


after Orders by Major Scott L*. Lining Vice L*. Sim- 
mons absent for the main Guard this Day 

Orders by Gen\ Moultrie Jan^. 8'' day 1778 a Serjeant 
& 12 men with Six Rounds per man to March Emediately 
to y' ten mile house to Apprehend some Sailors belong- 
ing to y' States Brigg, Cap*. Hall will Send an officer 
with them to Shew them the men 

Orders by Major Scott Jan\ 9*': 1778 Cap*. Drayton 
Cap*, for the Day tomorrow. Lieu*', Williamson and 
Weatherly for Duty tomorrow. Lieu*. Clifford for the 

Barrack Guard tomorrow. 

Gen\ Orders, Parole Putnam- 
one Cap*, one Subaltern 1 Serj*. & 29 Rank & file 
from Col'. Roberte's Reg', to hold themselves in Readi- 
ness to go on Board some of of the Vessels in this State 
now prepareing for the Navy Expedition, The detach- 
ment Now at Winyaw of the Artillery to be Reinf orc'd 
by 8 men from the Same Reg'. — the Artillery Reg*, to 
hold themselves in Readiness to go to Beufort next 
Monday. Col'. Roberts will apply to the Dep'- . Quarter 
Master Gen', for Vessels which he may want to Trans- 
port his Reg', With their Baggage, to that post— 


Cor. Roberts will have a Small party of 3 or 4 men to 
Take charge of the Labratory, & be Imploy'd as he 

CoF. Hugers Reg', to hold themselves in Readiness to 
go over to Fort Johnston Next Monday to Garrison that 

Cap\ Tho\ Budd of CoF. Whites Reg\ having Resign'd 
his Commission is no Longer to be Considered as a Con- 
tinantal officer 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan\ 9"': 1778 Parole 
Gates Gen'. Orders — The orderly hour at Eleven oClock, 
the officers of the Different Corps in Town are to take 
Care that all their men be at Quarters at Beating — If 
any alarm Should happen in or about Cha'. Town all 
officers & soldiers not on Duty are Emediately to Repair 
to the Barracks, and Draw upon their Respective parades 
with arms & accouterments & there wait for orders from 
the Commanding officer, also all Guards are to turn out 
and Remain at their Different posts for orders, the offi- 
cers of the Staff to Repair to head Quarters — the Gen\ 
will Review the 1'*. Reg', on Friday y' 16"' Instant, and 
will be on the field at Eleven oClock — CoF. Sumpters 
Reg', will take The Guards for that Day— The Dep'\ 
Quarter Master Gen', is to purchase 2 more Carts or wa- 
gons for the Continantal Service — 

Compliments to be paid to the President and Gen'. 


All Guard are to turn out to his Excellency the Presi- 
dent, with Rested arms and 3 Ruffs on the Drum and 
fife — to a Major Gen'. Commanding in Chief with Rested 
arms and three Ruffs — to a Major Gen', not Command- 
ing with rested arms & 2 Ruffs — to a Brigadier Gen', 
with Rested arms & 2 Ruffs — to a Brigadier Gen', not 
Commanding with Rested arms & 1 Ruff, these Compli- 
ments to be paid once a Day 


Orders by Major Scott Jan^ 10*^ day 1778 Cap*^ Tur- 
ner Cap', for the Day tomorrow, Lieu*. Jackson and L*. 
Lavacher for Duty tomorrow, Lieu'. Evan for the Bar- 
rack Guard tomorrow 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 10"^: 1778 Gen\ 
Orders, Parole George Town 

no person or Persons to be admited to the prisoners of 
war without Leave Given by the Commisary M'. Ram- 
age, — the Cap*, of the Day to make his Report when 
Relieved to CoW Pinckney who will Report to the Com- 
manding officer any. thing Metearal that may accur — the 
Commisary — for the provitions for the Troops of this 
State Will appoint proper persons at Beaufort port Royal, 
to Supply the Troops of Artillery Station'd There — A 
Return to be made to the Barrack masters of the Differ- 
ent Regiments of what Quantity of wood is wanting for 
each Corps, agreeable to an order Essued Jan^. 5"' day 

Regt\ Orders by Col'. Pinckney Jan^ 9*': 1778 The 
officers are to be in Barracks at order by time of the 
Morning that they may know for what Duty they are 
appointed — A Commssion'd officer of Each Company to 
Examine their Respective Companies every Morning at 
Rool Calling, and every Evening except on field Days at 
half after 4 o Clock, the privates not on Duty are not to 
wear their Baynets till further orders — Lieu', Clifford is 
appointed a Second Lieu', in Cap'. Theuses Company and 
is to be Obey'd as Such, L'. Charles Skirving is appointed 
a 2'* Lieu', in Cap', Cattells Company and is to be obey'd 
as Such, his Commission is Dated December the 20'" day 

The Surgeon of the Reg', is to attend at the Barrack 
Every Morning at Parade time— 

Regt'. Orders by CoP. Pinckney Dated Charles Town 
Jan-. 11"" day 1778 the Cap', of the Day is not to permit 


any Soldier to go into Town after Retreat Beating, with- 
out The Urgentest Necessity, & all the permits must be 
dated at the exact time when Given and must Spaify 
the Time when to Return— the Orders Relating to per- 
mits for Soldiers to go into Town, do not Extend to offi- 
cers Servants, But the officers when'they appoint a Serv'. 
will acquaint the Major of it that they may know who 
they are — — 

Orders by Major Scott Jan^. 11*' day 1778 Cap*. Hyrn 
Capt. for the Day Cap*. Turner Regt' Cap*, for the Day — 
Capt. Venderhorst & L*. Elliott for G^ tomorrow. Lieu'. 
Lining for the Barrack Guard to morrow — Lieu*, 
Simmons to mount the Barrack g^ this Day L*. Evan for 
the Magazenne Guard this Day Head Quarters Charles 
Town Jan^ 11*'^ day 1778 Gen\ Orders Parole Suc- 
cess, Ordered that 1 Cap*, 2 Subalterns 2 Serjeants & 
48 Rank & file from y^ V Reg*. 1 Cap*. 2 Subalterns 2 
Serj\ & 48 Rank & file from y^ 2' Reg*. 1 Cap*. 1 Subal- 
tern 1 Serjt. & 30 Rank & file from y^ 4*" Reg*. 1 Subal- 
tern 1 Serj*. & 19 Rank & file from r 5'^ Reg*, be in 
Readiness to morrow Morning to go on Board the Ves- 
sels Drawn for— Each Regt. to provide their men with 
18 Rounds each & 50 Rounds per man to be put into a 
Military Chest on board the Vessels they go in The 
Cap', & Subalterns who are to Command the different 
parties, are to meet to morrow morning at the New 
Barracks to draw for the Vessels they are to go on board 
The officers Commanding parties are to take Care to 
keep Good order and Discipline amongst their men And 
prevent them from giting into any Disputes with the 
Sailors, & assist the Cap*', of the Vessels to the utmost 
of their power, in attacting the Enemy, Any officer who 
Chuses to Change his Tower of Duty may have Leave 
by acquainting First the Commanding officer of their 
Respective Reg',— The names of the officers going on 


this Comm and are to be Given into the Gen\ Regt\ Orders 
by Cor. Pinckney Jan^. IT day 1778 A court Martial 
to Sit this morning for the trial of all such Persons as 
may be Brought before them all Witness to attend— 

Orders by major Scott of the Same Date Cap\ Tur- 
ner President of the Court L''. Gray Williamson Mem- 
Orders by Major Scott Jan\ 1> day 1778 Cap*. Hyrn 
Lieu", Williamson & Skirving for Duty tomorrow Lieut. 
Weatherly for the Barrack Guard tomorrow— 

Regt^ Orders by Colo^ Pinckney January 14"': 1778 
The Betallion is to be Exercised to Day & to morrow at 
4 Clock in Order to prepare for the review on Fryday 
Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 14''^ day 1778 

General Orders Parole Brunsewick 

John Willmoth & Elias Johnston Privates in y' 4*^' 
Georgia Betalion, Commanded by CoW White, having 
absented themselves from the s^ Regt., all officers are 
hereby Cautioned against Inlisting them & if they Shall 
be already Inlisted to Secure them till they are CalFd 


Colonel Hugers Reg', is to march to morrow morning 
to Ropers wharf, to Imbark on board of Vessels for the 
Purpose of Transporting them to Fort Johnston where 
they are to Relieve CoP. Robertse's Corps of Artilery, 
who are to Proceed to Beuf ort in the Same vessels 

Orders by Major Scott Jan^. 14*^ day 1778 Cap*. 
Saunders Lieu'', Jackson Lavacher & Evan for Guar'', to 
morrow Cap'. Venderhorst Regt'. Cap^ of the Day to 
morrow. Lieu'. Simmons for the Barrack Guard To- 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan\ 15'": 1778 Gen'. 
Orders Parole Caution Cap'. Tho' Potts of CoP. Hugers 
Betalion having Resign'd his Commission is no Longer 


to be considered as an officer In the Continantal Service 
—the Gen\ Recommends it to all officers to be Perticular 
attentive in futer to the Order of the 9"' Instant Re- 
specting their Conduct in time of alarm 

The Centinals posted at Head Quarters are in Case of 
any Alarm by night Emediately to knock at the Door 
and continue knocking till they answer within 

Orders by Major Scott Jan^. 16*^ day 1778 

Lieu', Elliott Vice Lieu*. Lavacher sick— for guard this 
Day L\ Fishburn Vice Lieu*. Clifford Sick— Cap'. Cattell 
Garison Cap*, for the Day tomorrow Cap*. Turner L^^ 
Hixt & Lining for Guard tomorrow Lieu*, Grey for the 
Barrack Guard tomorrow Regt\ Orders by CoF. Pinck- 
ney Jan^. 17*' day 1778 The CoF. has the Pleasure to 
acquaint the officers & Soldiers of the first Reg*, that 
the Gen^ assembly of this State has Veoted them the 
Publick thanks for their Spirited active Conduct During 
the dreadfull fire on Thursday last, Both in preventing 
y*' further Spreading of the Conflagration & in preserve- 
ing the property of the inhabitance— this applause the 
CoP. Doubts not, will actuate the men to Exert them- 
selves on Every futer Occasion that their Country may 
Require their Service 

The Assembly has Likewise Voted that such Clothes 
of the Soldiers as were Burnt in their Endeavours to 
Extinguish the fire shall be repaired at the Publick ex- 
pence— the Cap*'. & Commanders of Companies will 
therefore make a Return to morrow of what Clothes 
were Injured in their Respective Companies, The order 
Relating to the Thanks of the assembly, to be Read to 
the men the two Insuing Mornings at Rool Call^ — 

Orders by Cap'. Pinckney Jan' . 18'" day 1778 Cap'. 
Ladson Brigade officer of the Day Cap'. Venderhorst 
Regt\ officer of the day— Lieu*. Gadsden Weatherly and 
Clifford for Guard tomorrow 


Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 17'^ day 1778 

General Orders Parole Savannah 

The Gen'. Excepts the Resignation of Lieu*. Jean 
Francies Evan of Col'. Pinckneys Betalion he is there- 
fore no Longer to be Consider'd as a Continantal offi- 
cers — 

The Gen', is Very much Pleased to hear that The con- 
duct of y' soldiers at the fire on thursday last has met 
with the approbation of the Inhabitance of this Town 
& Returns them his hearty Thanks for their unwaried 
Exertions on that Malencholy Occasion— 

The 5th. Reg', to be in Readiness to go to fort John- 
ston on Monday next The dep''. Quarter Master Gen', 
is order'd to provid f orrage & Grain for 2 horses for the 
Commissary of provitions M'. Volentine 

Regt'. Orders by Colo'. Pinckney Jan\ 18'^^: 1778 The 
Commission'd officers of each Company who Exer- 
cises their men in the Mornings & Evenings agreeable to 
the Order of the 9'\ Instant are to be Perticularly at- 
tentive tb Marching of the Soldiers & Practise them at 
it a Considerable Length of time & take Care that they 
March in exact Cadence and With the Prusia Step— 

A Court of officers to sit on Tuesday Evening in order 
to Determine wheather the men Inlisted by L*. de Harty 
in Company with Cap*. Venderhorst in Georgia ought to 
Belong to y Granadier Company or Captain Vender- 
horst's Company— 

Col'. Cattell to be president Major Scott five Captains 
& Six Lieu*\ to be Members— 

Orders by Cap*. Pinckney Jam. 18*" day 1778— 

For tomorrow Cap*. Hyrn Brigade officer of the day 
Capt^ Drayton Regt'. officer of the Day Lieu\ Smith 
Lieu*. Elliott & L*. Jackson for Guard tomorrow 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan- . 18^*^ day 1778 Gen'. 
Orders. Parole Mathews 

[ To be continued in the next number of this magazine. ] 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 

W. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed) . 


John Walter of Tooting, county Surrey. Will 30 De- 
cember 1734; proved 5 June 1736. My eldest son Abell 
Walter executor and my wife sole guardian of my young 
children. To my eldest son in trust all my land, etc., in 
Great Britain, Barbadoes, or elsewhere, to sell and use 
the money in legacy payment and for £400 per annum 
due by marriage dowry to my wife. To my wife house 
purchased by me at Hoebridge of James Feild Esqr and 
of Richard Bird and Catherine his wife, also all house- 
hold goods, jewels, plate, etc. (except my pictures, 
to be sold), also her paraphanalea, with my coach 
or charriott as she choose, and 100 guineas to buy 
her mourning. To my son Henry Walter lands in 
Grenvill County in South Carolina purchased from 
Captain Douglas with 20 Negro slaves now on the same 
and 1000 acres grant from the Crown being part of Ba- 
rony at Day's Creek. To my son William Walter the 
other half purchased from Captain Douglas and 1000 
acres, part of said Barony, and £1250. To my sons 
James, Alleyne, and Meynell Walter 2000 acres in Gren- 
vill County, and to each of them £2000. To my daugh- 
ters Lucy and Mary £2000 each. My trustees to manage 
1000 acres of land and stock for my son John for his 
natural life, so that he may be incapable of running into 
debt. To my son Richard Walter 1000 acres in said Ba- 
rony and £5000. To my grandson John Walter, son of 
Abell Walter Esqr all my lands in Goose Creek, South 
Carolina, called Red Bank, and 2000 acres, the remainder 


of said Barony. To my daughter Elizabeth Doltin £5000, 
to be vested in Bonds. To daughter Lucy Walter at 21 
years £500 more. Bequest to son Henry to be void if he 
do not settle in Carolina in four years, and in place 
£1,500 Barbadoes currency to be paid by Mr. William 
Walker of Barbadoes, and £1200 by Executors, etc. 
Upwards of 100 Negroes on lands in Carolina, are 
to be divided, etc. To my grandson John Walter £2000 to 
stock the land I have left him. Witnesses: Thomas Bund, 
E. Alleyne, Benjamin Maynard. Codicil dated 18 March 
1735-6 to the effect £1200 be given to my son Henry if 
he settle within three years in South Carolina. Same 
witnesses. Second codicil (undated): My son Abel to 
be trustee for the money left to my son John and 
Daughter Elizabeth Doltin. Same witnesses. 

Derby, 142. 

John Lloyd of Sarphley in the Province of South Car- 
olina. Will 7 June 1733; proved 12 June 1746. To wife 
Sarah Lloyd 640 acres of land on Waccomaw River and 
Four Slaves or £200 sterling, also £100 Carolina money 
to buy mourning, her Gold watch. Rings, and Wearing 
Apparell, choice of two of my Horses, and her Riding 
Furniture. To Brother Thomas Lloyd 1000 acres (of my 
2000 acre Tract on Four Hole Swamp) and remaining 
1000 Acres to my half Brothers, David, Richard, Edward, 
and Hugh Lloyd; in Four tracts of 250 acres, brother 
Thomas to take choice of his 1000. To Brother Thomas 
Lloyd £100 Sterling, and to said half brothers, David, 
Richard, Edward, and Hugh Lloyd £50 stering apiece, 
and if Brother Thomas or Richard come to Carolina, 
executors to pay £20 sterling for expenses. Taxes and 
Quit Rent at Four Holes to be paid by executors. Rest, 
including reversion of £162 Sterling a year after decease 
of my Cousin Jane Griffith alias Mostyn, to my eldest son, 
chargeable with £500 Sterling legacies to every other 


child I leave at 18 or marriage, but if no issue, to Eldest 
Daughter, with legacies of £700 each to others, eldest 
daughter to take surname of Lloyd to perpetuate the 
same and my children to have best education Carolina 
can afford. If no issue, then estate to Brother Thomas 
Lloyd, paying £40 a year to my widow, first payment 
183 days after decease of last surviving child. The 
family pictures in front parlour (6 in number) to remain 
with the House ''Surphley". Executors: Wife, and 
friends Ralph Izard and Benjamin Wareing, Esqrs., 
they to have discretion where wife live in plantation and 
have use of ''Surphley" etc. To wife Negro girl Maria 
(one of four lately bought of Jenys and Baker). In case 
Sarphley estate fall to Brother Thomas Lloyd, or my 
Father's heirs, then Land to Northwest of Broad path 
wherein Mr. Richard Walker now lives, from Path going 
to Thorowgoods Plantation to Mr. Robert Humes Plan- 
tation, to my wife for life with £60 sterling to build a 
Mansion House. Witnesses: Samuel Prioleau, Jno. 
Moultrie, John Ballyntine, Jno. Lewis. Codicil, 26 Sep- 
tember 1733. House and lot in Charleston to be sold. 
Witnesses: John Moultrie, Joseph Russell, Edward 
Lloyd. 2nd Codicil 28 September 1733. Only 500 acres 
at Four Holes to Brother Thomas Lloyd and other 500 
acres to issue Sarphley Estate descends to. House and 
lots in town of Childsbury to be sold. Witnesses: Eliz. 
Akin, junr, Joseph Russel, Thomas Steers. 3rd Codicil 
19 October 1733. Payments of £100 to Brother Thomas 
Lloyd and £50 each to half Brothers to be delayed for 
four years, also money left to pay passages, and also 
£244 15s Brothers Edward and Hugh are indebted to be 
deducted. To wife Sara Lloyd choice of Beds completely 
furnished, also of my Beaureaus, large Scrutore, Chest 
of Drawers, Dressing Table, Cain Couch, eight of best 
Cain chairs, two arm chairs. Tea table, Brass Tea Kettle 


and Stand, silver Tea pott, and Spoons, all my Chine [sic], 
Silver Soup Ladle, and dozen of Silver Spoons. Wit- 
nesses: Thomas Steers, Rachel Thomas, Eliz. Akin, junr. 
Secretary's Office. A True Copy from original Will and 
Codicils in this Office. Jno. Champneys, Deputy Secre- 
tary. Administration in Prerogative Court of Canter- 
bury (with will and three codicils annexed) of John 
Lloyd, late of Sarphley in parish of St. James, Goose 
Creek in Berkley County, Province of South Carolina, 
deceased, to John Nichelson, administrator of goods of 
John Lloyd an infant, deceased, (whilst living) natural 
and lawful and only son and Residuary Legatee, for 
benefit of Sarah Lloyd, Spinster, minor, sister and only 
next of kin of said John Lloyd an Infant, until she attain 
the age of 21, Sarah Lloyd, widow, and Ralph Izard and 
Benjamin Wareing, Esq. the Executors named, dying 
without taking execution in this court, and said John 
Lloyd, Infant, surviving the Testator. 

Edmunds, 184. 

James LeSerurier, merchant, dwelling at Charlestown 
in Carolina, and heretofore merchant at St. Quentin in 
Vermandois. Will 21 May 1697; proved 4 October 1706. 
To be buried in the French churchyard of the place where 
I shall die without pomp. To Mrs. Elizabeth Leger, my 
wife, executrix, all goodes. To my 5 children, son 
James, and 4 daughters, Susanna, Catherine, Damaris, 
and Mary le Serurier, one pistole each with equal love to 
all our children as our mothers have done unto us, and 
if I and she doe dye alsoe in this present voyage and she 
before me, then son James le Serurier of London, 
merchant, executor. To poor of French church of 
Charlestown £5. Done at Charlestown in Carolina 
in good and perfect health in the 62nd year of my age. 
Signed two wills, one for wife or son, the other to be 


put in Registry. Witnesses: Troillard, George Harris, 
Lewis de St. Julian, P. Lassall, John Meade. [Trans- 
lated out of French by John James Besnard, Not. Pub.] 
Proved by widow Elizabeth Leger als Le Serurier, 

Edes, 216. 

Joseph Clare of South Carolina. Administration 19 
July 1731 to William Adye, creditor. 

Admon Act Book, 1731. 

John Winter, late of Charles Town in South Carolina 
and a Lieutenant on half pay in H. M. Navy, Batchelor, 
deceased. Administration 8 June 1781 to father Nathan- 
iel Winter. 

Admon Act Book, 1781 (Registrar's Seat). 

Patrick Rush, late of the City of Bristol, but at Charles 
Town in South Carolina, deceased. Administration 24 
July 1782 to Widow Margaret Rush. 

Admon Act Book 1782 (Torriano's Seat). 

Edward Taylor the younger, formerly of Charles Town 
in South Carolina and late of the River Mississippi, 
Batchelor, deceased. Administration granted 25 Novem- 
ber 1782 to John Dolland, Creditor, Elizabeth Dolland, 
wife of said John Dolland, being daughter and only child 
of Edward Taylor the elder, deceased. Father of said 
Edward Taylor. 

ditto, ditto. (Registrar's Seat) " 

Frederick Clarke. Will 13 November 1697; proved 2 
August 1700. To Mrs. Elizabeth Partridge £10. To 
Captain John Bramble all my books and instruments 
now in this Island. To my two sisters, Mary Stephen 
that liveth in Carolina and Hester Dikarege, my residue 
of estate equally. Executors: My brother Robert 
Stephen that liveth in Carolina and Mr. James Chaband. 
To each of them £5. Witnesses: Richard Hales, John 


Bramble. [Will of Frederick Clarke, late of Carolina, 
but in Barbadoes, bachelor, deceased, proved by John 
Prott, attorney for Robert Stevens, als Stephens, one 
of executors, now in Carolina, during absence of execu- 
tors named.] 

Noel, 111. 

Lachlan Mackintosh of Charleston in the state afore- 
said [i. e. "State of South Caroline"], Gentleman. Will 
18 June 1787; proved 12 October 1789. Whereas wife 
Elizabeth Mackintosh and eldest son Lachlan Mackin- 
tosh have been amply provided for in will of Wife's 
Father, Francis Smith of State aforesaid. Planter, and 
no provision for youngest Son Simon Mackintosh, only 
to wife Elizabeth and son Lachlan as follows, viz: to 
wife Elizabeth Mackintosh my Negro Woman Bess with 
future issue of said Bess, also during tenure of wife's 
life, Mulotta Boy Gabriel, and if wife marry or at her 
decease said Mulotta Boy Gabriel to youngest son Simon 
for life of Simon, then said Gabriel to be manumitted 
from further Bondage and Slavery. To eldest son Lach- 
lan Mackintosh my Silver Hilted Sword. Rest of estate 
both in Europe and America to youngest son Simon 
Mackintosh, but, if Simon die under age and unmarried, 
to eldest son Lachlan Mackintosh, what given to wife 
Elizabeth in this will to be in right of all dower. Exec- 
utrix: wife Elizabeth (during widowhood only) and son 
Simon Mackintosh, and Friend Charles Lining. Wit- 
nesses: Nicol Primeros, Samuel Bonsall, John Capen 
Falken. A true Copy from Original Will, Chas. Lining, 
Ordinary's Office, July 11, 1789. Proved in Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury by son Simon Mackintosh, with re- 
servation to other executors, widow Elizabeth Mackin- 
tosh and Charles Lining. 

Macham, 506. 


William Bull, late Lieut. Governor of South Carolina, 
for his Britannick Majesty. Will 5 November 1790; 
proved 14 October 1791. I dispose of my worldly goods 
and Estate greatly deranged and lessened in value not 
by my fault, but by some unexpected Contingencies I 
have met with from peculiar situations in which I have 
been placed during the late unhappy times in America. 
" Inprimis, my Plantation on Ashley River in Carolina, 
being about Eleven hundred and seventy Acres includ- 
ing Marsh where my Grandfather lived. Died, and lies 
Buried, where my Father and all his children were bom, 
I wish to remain in the possession of one of his posterity, 
I therefore give and devise the reversion thereof (the 
said Plantation being given by Trust Deed to my beloved 
Wife during her life, to my Nephew William Bull and 
his heirs for ever." To my two neices Katherine Staple- 
ton and Mary Hannah Beale 50 guineas each out of first 
money from labour of my Negroes in Jamaica as a mark 
of affection, trusting they will be liberally provided for 
by their Aunt, my beloved Wife. To Mary Hannah 
Beale, my gold Watch. To Nathaniell Russell Esq. my 
gold headed cane and Cheroke diamond Stock Buckle for 
long service as Faithful Attorney. To Robert Williams 
Esq. all Law Books for many good services. To nephew 
Jacob Drayton my part of 500 acres on Tom's Creek and 
my two Town Lots in Town of Camden, South Carolina, 
also bond from John McQueen Esqr and bond from Tor- 
rens and Poan. To Executors, Rings of 12 Guineas, not 
only as. executors, but as Gentlemen bearing most Re- 
spectable Characters. To my beloved wife the constant 
Companion and sharer of my adverse Fortunes and Com- 
forter in sickness, residue of Estate, but as possibly I 
may survive my wife, which God forbid, and from ad- 
vanced age and infirm health may soon follow her, then 
Residue to nieces Katherine Stapleton, and Mary Han- 


nah Beale, division of Estate in England and in Island 
of Jamaica to be made by executors in England and of 
Estate of South Carolina by Executors in South Caro- 
lina. Universal executrix: My beloved v^ife. Execu- 
tors in England: Robert Williams and John Hopton, Esqr. 
Executors in South Carolina: Honourable Rawlins 
Lowndes, Christopher Gadsden Esqr and Nathaniel Rus- 
sell Esqr. Witnesses: S. Fenwick, Robt. Cooper, R. W. 
Powell, Robt. Williams, Junr. [Proved in Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury by Hannah Bull, relict and univer- 
sal executrix, reserving to Robert Williams, John Hop- 
kins, executors in England.] Bevor, 451. 

Robert Raper of Charles Town in South Carolina. 
Will 24 November 1774; proved 1 October 1789. Estate 
to be disposed of exactly as true Intent of this my plain 
will. To Neece Sarah Raper, Daughter of Brother Ben- 
jamin, deceased, now living in Little Britain, London, 
£250 ster. To neece Ann Tayler (Daughter of only sis- 
ter Sarah Holmes deceased) now living in London £200 

ditto. To Neece Sarah (Daughter of ditto) 

£100 ditto. To Mary Raper, Daughter of Nephew 
Francis Raper, ditto. To John Raper, son of John Ra- 
per in York, ditto. To Jonathan Jacques my old school 
mate, living at Ashber near Bidal in Yorkshire £50 sterg., 
and, in case of his decease, to his children. To my old 
Negro Woman Judy £150 currency and her freedom. 
To my Negro Woman Betsy £150, and to her two Chil- 
dren Jack and Betsy their Freedom and Liberty to live 
in the north half and have use of half the Yard, I mean 
the northemost half of the House and yard where Far- 
row the Pilot now live[s], from time of my death till 19 
October 1786, the other half for old Judy and Elizabeth 
Mitchell for same time. All my wearing apparel to my 
Negroes, share and share alike. To Robert Raper, son 


of my nephew Coptain Francis Raper (at Chichester in 
England), and his heirs, all my Real Estate, viz. five Lots 
or part of five Lots in Colleton Square at the North End 
of Charlestown with Houses therein. To Robert Raper 
aforesaid and his Brother William Raper all Personal 
Estate except before bequeathed and all Personal Estate 
(£350 currency above excepted) to be remitted to execu- 
tors, William Greenwood and William Higginson of 
London, they to put said money into Bank of England 
for use of said cousins Robert & William Raper, when 
they come of age. To said Robert all plate I have by 
me, to be lodged with his Mother at Chichester till he is 
of age. To my Negroes not mentioned three months to 
live in my house, in order to chuse Masters or Mistresses, 
or sooner if they can please themselves, and not any to 
be sold at public sale, but here by private sale. Rents of 
houses to be received and put at interest here till 
Nephew's son Robert comes of age, and all money I have 
by me, except £300 or £400 to be remitted to Messrs. 
Greenwood and Higgenson to be put in Bank of England, 
the amount thereof may be considerable, and executor 
or executors here to get will proved and send a Copy 
approved and signed by the Governor or Commander in 
Chief to William Greenwood and William Higginson my 
executors in London. Executors: said William Green- 
wood and William Higgenson of London and William 
Ancrum of Charles Town, Merchant. Witnesses: Charles 
Shepheard, Timo'y Greenwood, John Walker. [Admin- 
istration in Prerogative Court of Canterbury (with will 
annexed) of Robert Raper, late of Charlestown, South 
Carolina in North America, deceased, to William Raper, 
Nephew of deceased and one of the Residuary Legatees, 
limited until the original will or an authentic Copy 
be brought into the Registry of the Prerogative 
Court, William Greenwood one of the executors dying 


without taking execution, William Higgenson having 
renounced, and William Ancrum being cited, but in no 
wise appearing.] 

Macham, 514. 


By a. S. Salley, Jr. 

[Continued from the April number.] 

EzEKiEL Calhoun, prior to his arrival in South Carolina, 
married Jane Ewing. 


1 I. John Ewinu^ Calhoun. 

2 II. Patrick Calhoun. 

3 IIL Ezekiel Calhoun. 

4 IV. Mary Calhoun, m. Carr. (Issue.) 

5 V. Eebecca Calhoun, m., March 19, 1765, Andrew 

Pickens, who subsequently distinguished him- 
self in the Revolution, attaining the rank of 
brigadier-general of the militia of South Car- 
olina. (Issue.) 

6 VI. Catherine Calhoun, m., January 7, 1768, Alex- 

ander Koble, son of John and Mary (Calhoun) 
^oble and her first cousin. (Issue.) 

7 VII. Jane Calhoun, m. John Steadman. 

* 1. 

John EwiNG CoLHOUN [Ezekiel^] was born about 1750; 
studied law in Charles Town just prior to and during the 
first years of the Revolution, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1783; joined Capt. Charles Drayton's company of volun- 
teer militia for service in the Revolution at its organization 
in Charles Town, August 16, 1775, signing his name to the 
roll thereof John Ewing Colhone^; adopted the spelling 
Colhoun for his name and maintained that spelling until his 


^See The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 
Vol. I., pp. 135, 187; II., pp. 159-163, 249. 


death; served several times in the House of Representatives 
of South Carolina betvsreen 1778 and 1800; was elected a 
member of the Privy Council in February, 17852, and also 
served as a Commissioner of forfeited estates^; married, 
October 8, 1786, Floride Bonneau*; was strongly supported 
for governor in 1796; was, December 8, 1800, elected United 
States Senator from South Carolina for the full term bey-in- 
ning March 4, 1801, defeating Jacob Read, the incumbent, 
by a vote of 75 to 73; died October 26, 1802.^ His widow 
spent many seasons in Newport.® 


8 I. Benjamin Colhoun, d. young. 

9 II. Caroline Colhoun, d. young. 

10 III. Floride Bonneau Colhoun, born February 15, 

1792; m. her father's first cousin, John C. 
Calhoun. (See children of Patrick Calhoun.) 

'^The South-Carolina Gazette and Public Advertiser, Saturday, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1785; The Gazette of the State of South-Carolina, Monday, 
February 14, 1785. 

^" On Thursday last Hon. John Ewing Colhoun, Esq; resigned his 
office of one of the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates. The appoint- 
ment of another Commissioner is vested in the Governor and Privy 
Council. ' ' — The Charleston Morning Post, and Dmly Advertiser, Mon- 
day, March 20, 1786. 

*" Married.] Yesterday the Hon. John Ewing Colhoun, Esq; of 
this city, to Miss Floride Bonneau, daughter of Samuel Bonneau, 
Esq; of St. John's Parish, an agreeable young lady, with every ac- 
complishment to render the married state happy. " — The Charleston 
Morning Post, and Daily Advertiser, Monday, October 9, 1786. 

Marriage Notices in the South-Carolina Gazette and its Successors 
(Salley), p. 86. 

■'" Died at his seat in Pendleton district on the 26th ult, in the 53d 
year of his age, John Ewing Colhoun, esq. Senator from this state in 
the Congress of the United States," etc. — The Times, Charleston, 
S. C, November 9, 1802. 

""Passengers in the William and Henry, from Newport. —Mrs. 
Calhoun, and her Niece; Capt. Malbone, Messrs. Whitehorn, 
Waring, and Bozier." — Charleston Courier, Friday, April 24, 1807. 

See her letter to her nephew-in-law, Andrew Pickens, in The South 
Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. IV. , pp. 190-191. 


11 IV. John Ewing Colhoun. 

12 V. James Edward Colhoun. 

13 YI. William Sheridan Calhoun, d. young. 


John Ewing Colhoun [John Ewing^^ Ezekieli] was born 
in Charleston in 1791; married, February 21, 1822, Martha 
Maria Davis'' (who died November 13, 1853^). 

Issue: 9 

14 I. John Ewing Colhoun, d. young. 

15 II. Martha Maria Colhoun ("Coodie"), d. unm. 

16 HI. William Ransom Colhoun, ft. July 22, 1827; 

educated at West Point; was an Aid to Gov. 
J. L. Manning; was sometime Secretary of 
Legation and acting Minister to France; was 
first a captain and then colonel of the 1st. 
Kegiment, South Carolina Regular Artillery; 
was killed in a duel with Lt.-Col. Alfred 
Rhett, September 5, 1862. 

17 lY. Susan Colhoun. 

18 V. John Ewing Colhoun. 

19 VI. Florence Colhoun, d. young. 

20 VII. Warren Davis Colhoun, d. .young. 

21 VIII. Henry Davis Colhoun. 

22 IX. Edward Boiseau Colhoun. 


James Edward Colhoun [John Ewing^, EzekieP], born 
eluly 4, 1798; w^as sometime an officer in the United States 

^''Married, last evening, by the Rev. Mr. Dickinson, Col. John 
Ewing Colhoun, to Martha Maria, youngest daughter of Capt. 
William Ransom Davis, deceased." — The Charleston Courier, Friday, 
February 22, 1822. See The South Carolina Historical and Genealo- 
gical Magazine, Vol. VII., pp. 169-170. 

^**DlED, at Keowee, Pickens District, on Sunday, November 13, 
Mrs. M. M. Colhoun, relict of John Ewing Colhoun." — The Charles- 
ton Daily Courier, Saturday, November 19, 1853. 

^A History and Genealogy of the Habersham Family (Bulloch), p. 131. 


Navy; married Maria Sinikins; died at Millwood, S. C, 
October 31, 1889. 

23 I. A child that died young. 

' 22. 

Edward Boiseau Colhoun [John Ewings, John Ewinga, 
Ezrkieli] served in Lucas's Battalion of artillery during the 
War Between the United States and the Confederate States 
and attained the rank of captain. He married Sarah C. 




Issue: ^<^ 

I. Martha Maria Colhoun. 
II. Sarah Louise Colhoun, m. 
Allen McLee Shoen, of 
Richmond, Ya. (Issue.) 

III. Floride Bonneau Colhoun. 

IV. Willie Norwood Colhoun. 



Patrick Calhoun, the fourth of the brothers who came 
to South Carolina, was twice married. His first wife was 
Miss Craighead, a daughter of Rev. Alexander Craighead. 
She died September 10, 1766. ^ He next married Martha 
Caldwell of what is now IsTewberry County. 2 

^^A History and Genealogy of the Habersham Family (Bulloch) , p. 132. 

^''Long Canes, Sept. 24, 1766. 

Of a Miscarriage of Twins, on the 10th Instant, died here, in the 
24th Year of her age, one of the most pious and accomplished young 
Women in these Parts, in the person of Mrs. Calhoun, the Wife of 
Patrick Calhoun, Esq; and Daughter of the Rev. Alexander Craig- 
head." — The South-Carolina Gazette, Monday, October 13, 1766. 

'■^See O'Neall's Annals of Newberry District; Starke's sketch of 
John C. Calhoun in Fourth Annual Report of the Historical Manu- 
scripts Commission of the American Historical Association. 


Issue: Second wife. 

1 I. James Calhoun. 

2 II. Catherine Calhoun, m. I^ev. Moses Waddel,^ sub- 

sequently a noted teacher and doctor of divinity. 
They had one child who died young. 

3 III. William Calhoun. 

4 IV. John Caldwell Calhoun. 

5 V. Patrick Calhoun. 


James Calhoun [Patrick^] married May 4, 1802, Sarah 
Caldwell Martin* (died March 11, 1845), daughter of Dr. 
James Martin, deceased, formerly surgeon of the 3rd Regi- 
ment, South Carolina Line, Continental Establishment. 


6 I. Patrick Calhoun, b. January 25, 1803; d. same 


7 II, James Martin Calhoun, h. January 25, 1805. 

8 III. John Alfred Calhoun, b. January 8, 1807. 

9 IV. Caroline Callioun, h. April 1, 1811; d. July 13, 


10 V. William Henry Calhoun, &. Nov. 15, 1813. 

11 VI. Benjamin Calhoun, 6. July 13, 1815; killed acci- 

dentally when a boy. 

12 VII. Sarah Calhoun, 6. May 9, 1818. 

13 VIII. George McDuffie Calhoun, 6. July 25, 1820; d. 

July 25, 1824. 


William Calhoun [Patrick^] married Catherine Jenna 
de GrafFenreid. 

14 I. Tescharner Calhoun, (i. unni. 

^That is the way he spelled his name, others to the contrary not- 

*' 'Married, on the 3d of June, by the Rev. Moses Waddel, James 
Calhoun, jun. esquire, merchant, of Vienna, (S. C.) to the amiable 
and well accomplished Miss Sarah C. Martin, of Abbeville district." — 
The Times, Tuesday, June 15, 1802. The family records give May 4th. 


15 II. Patrick Calhouu, d. uiim. 

16 III. Mary Calhoun, d. unm. 

17 IV. Jane Calhoun, d. unm. 

18 Y. Lucretia Ann Calhoun, m. Dr. Henry Townes, 

of Greenville, who dyins^, she next married 
Dr. Teschnrner de Gratfenreid, of Alabama. 

19 YL Thomas Calhoun. 

20 YII. Martha Catherine Calhoun, m. Armistead Burt, 

March 12, 1827. 

21 YIII. James Lawrence Calhoun. 

22 IX. Sarah Calhoun, m. Ezekiel Pickens Koble. (Issue.) 

23 X. Eugenia Calhoun, m. Dr Edwin Parker. (Issue.) 

24 XL George McDuffie Calhoun. ' 

John Caldwell Calhoun [Patricki], born March 18, 
1782; was prepared for college by his brother-in-law, Rev. 
Moses Waddel; entered the junior class at Yale College in 
1802 and was graduated as A. B. September 12, 1804; studied 
law at the Litchfield Law School, Litchfield, Connecticut, 
July 22, 1805, to July 28, 1806, then in Charleston and Ab- 
beville; was admitted to the bar in 1807; elected to the 
South Carolina House of Representatives, October 13, 1807; 
appointed an aid on the stafiT of Governor Drayton with the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel, December 15, 1808; elected to 
the House of Representatives of the United States in 1810, 
taking his seat March 4, 1811; reelected in 1812, 1814 and 
1816, serving to October 8, 1817, when he became Secretary 
of War in President Monroe's cabinet, serving until March 
4, 1825, when he was inaugurated as Yice-Presidont of the 
United States; was reelected Yice-Presidei.t in 1828 and 
served tt) December 28, 1832; resigned as Yice-President 
July 16, 1832; elected United States Senator from South 
Carolina December 12, 1832, to succeed Robert Y. Hayne, 
who had been elected Governor, and took his seat in the 
Senate January 4, 1833; was reelected in 1834 and in 1840, 
but resigned m 1842, serving until March 4, 1843; was a 


candidate for the presidencj^ in 1844, but withdrew January 
20, 1844; was Secretary of State under President Tyler from 
March 6, 1844, to March 6, 1845; was elected to the United 
States Senate November 26, 1845, to succeed Judge Daniel 
Elliott Hnger, who resigned in order that Mr. Calhoun 
might be returned to the Senate; died at Washington, D, C, 
March 31, 1850.^ 

He married, January 8, 1811, Floride Colhoun (born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1792; died July 25, 1866), daughter of John Ew- 
ing Colhoun. (See descendants of Ezekiel Calhoun, 10.) 


25 I. Andrew Pickens Calhoun. 

26 XL Anna Maria Calhoun, born February 13, 1817; 

m. Thomas G. Clemson; died Sept. 22, 1875. 

27 III. Patrick Calhoun, born Feb. 9, 1821; d unm. 

June 1, 1858.' 

28 lY. John Caldwell Calhoun, 6. May 17, 1823. 

29 V. Martha Cornelia Calhoun, born April 22, 1824; 

died in Abbeville May 2, 1857. 

30 YI. James Calhoun, died unm. in California. 

32 YII. William Lowndes Calhoun, h. Aug. 13, 1829. 

^See also Pinckney's Lt/eo/ Jo /in C Calhoun (Charleston, S. C, 1903). 

•^Date obtained from tombstones in St. Paul's (P. E.) churchyard, 
Pendleton, S. C. A child, Floride, born in January 1814, died April 6, 
1825, {Fourth Annual Report of the Historical Manuscript Commis- 
sion of the American Historical Association, p. 128.) 

"''Departed Tms Life, on the 1st inst., at the residence of his 
mother, Pendleton, S. C, Major Patrick Calhoun, U. S. A., in the 
38th year of his age." — The Charleston Daily Courier, Tuesday, June 
8, 1858. 



Patrick Calhoun [Patrick^] married Nancy Keedham 
de GraiFenried, sister of his brother William's wife. 

32 I. Martha Calhoun, married Dr. Bonner. 

33 11. Catharine Calhoun, married Dr. William Ten- 

nent. (Issue.) 

34 III. Edward Calhoun. 

35 IV. Ludlow Calhoun. 

36 V. Francis Augustus Calhoun. 

37 VI. Benjamin Alfred Calhoun, married Miss Yar- 

borough. (Issue.) 


James Martin Calhoun [James% Patrick^], born at 
Vienna, S. C, January 25, 1805; married Susan Pickens; 
was a prominent lawyer in Alabama; died November 20, 
1877. His widow died September 7, 1877. 

Susan Wilkinson Calhoun, m. Alexander Noble. 

Andrew Calhouu. 

Sarah L. Calhoun, m. William T. Wade. (Issue.) 

James F. Calhoun. 

John C. Calhoun. 


John Alfred Calhoun [James'', Patrick^ ], born January 
8, 1807; married, January 10,1830, Sarah Mornin Norwood 
(horn May 18, 1814; died December 3, 1891); died August 
25, 1874. He was a signer of the Ordinance of Secession. 

.43 I. James Caldwell Calhoun, b. Dec. 23, 1830. 

44 11. Mary Norwood Calhoun, 6. March 30, 1834; m., 

Aug. 10, 1852, William J. Lomax; d. April 6, 
1856. (Issue.) 

45 III. Aurelia Calhoun, 6. Sept. 25, 1836; m., June 22, 

1859, Alexander H. Pucker. (Issue.) 












46 I\^. Sarah Martin Calhoun, 6. January 19, 1839; m., 

Jaimar}^ 10, 1860, Andrew Simonds,son of Jane 
Hamilton Calhoun (See descendants of Wil- 
liam Calhoun, 34) and Dr. Joseph Webb 

47 Y. Williamson :N'orwood Calhoun, 6. Aug. 28, 1841, 

48 YI. Caroline Calhoun Calhoun, b. July 9, 1843; m., 

Sept. 28, 1868, Georgj Erskine Heard. 

49 YII. John Alfred Calhoun, 6. May 11, 1845; d. unm. 

January 12, 1882. 

50 YIIL Orvillo Tatuni Calhoun, b, Sept. 6, 1847. 

51 IX. Anna Susan Calhoun, 6. May 29, 1849; m., Nov. 

15, 1877, William A. Ancrum. (Issue.) 

52 X. William Patrick Calhoun, b. Oct. 27, 1851; m., 

January 1,1890, Gladys Boykin; is an Attorney- 
at-Law, Edgefield, S. C. 

53 XI. Tennent Lomax Calhoun, b. April 7, 1854; an 

M. D.; d, Aug. 3, 1883. 

54 XII. Kate Calhoun, b. June 5, 1857; m., Dec. 20, 1888, 

Alonzo H. O'Farrell. (Issue.) 


William Henry Calhoun [Jaraes^, Patrick^], born No- 
vember 15, 1813; was a physician; married June 18. 1837, 
Jane Orr; died September 24, 1869. 


55 I. Florence C. Calhoun, married John T. Tankers- 

ley, of Mississippi. (Issue.) 

56 II. James Lawrence Calhoun. 

57 III. Martha J. Calhoun. 

58 lY. J. Christopher Calhoun. 

Y. Sarah Caroline Calhoun, m. L. T. Taylor, of 
Mississippi. (Issue.) 

59 YI. John Caldwell Calhoun, d. unm. 

60 YII. William Henry Calhoun. 



Thomas Calhoun [Willium^ Patrick^], married Margaret 


61 I. William Calhoun, m. Mary Bailey. (Issue.) 

62 II. James Calhoun. 

63 III. Henry Townes Calhoun. 

64 IV. Jane Calhoun, m. Henry Harper. 

65 V. Elizabeth Calhoun, m. I3r. Robert Harper. 
QQ VI. Margaret Meek Calhoun. 


James Lawrence Calhoun [William^, Patricki), m Mary 
Hunter, and, she dying, Jane Verdier. 
Issue: First wife. 

67 I. Catharine L. Calhoun, m. George Jones, of 

. Alabama. (Issue.) 

68 II. Eugenia Calhoun, m. James Duncan. (Issue.) 

69 III. Thomas Calhoun, m. Miss Blakeford. (Issue.) 

Second wife. 

70 IV. Sallie Calhoun, m. John G. Winter. 

71 V. James Lawrence Calhoun, m. Miss Moore. (Is- 



Georub McDuffie Calhoun [William^, Patrick^], mar- 
ried Julia Goodwyn, of Columbia. 


72 I. A. Burt Calhoun, d. youni;-. 

73 II. Robert G. Calhoun, d. young. 

74 III. John Calhoun, d. young. 

75 IV. George Oalhoun, m. in Texas. 

76 V. Julia Calhoun. 


Andrew Pickens Calhoun [John CaldwelP, Patrick ^], 
married Miss Chappell, who dying (without issue), he next 


rnarried, in Washington, D. C, May 5, 1836, Margaret 
Green, daughter of Hon. DiifF Green. 

Issue: Second wife. 

77 I. DuiF Green Calhoun. 

78 IT. John Caldwell Calhoun. 

79 III. Margaret Maria Calhoun. 

IV. Andrew Pickens Calhoun, d, unm. 

80 Y. James Edward Calhoun, d- unm. 

81 VI. Patrick Calhoun. 


John Caldwell Calhoun [John CaldwelP, Patrick^], born 
May 17, 1823; a physician; married Anzie Adams, who 
dying (without issue), he married, in January, 1853, Kate 
Kirby Putnam'; died July 31, 1855. 

Issue: Second wife. 

82 I. John C. Calhoun, married. 

83 II. Benjamin P. Calhoun, rn. Julia Peterman. 



William Lowndes Calhoun [John CaldwelP, Patrick'], 
born August 13, 1829; married Margaret Cloud, who dying 
(without issue), he married Mrs. Kate Putnam Calhoun, 
widow of his brother John C; died September 19, 1858.** 

Issue: Second wife. 

84 I. William Lowndes Calhoun. 

^* 'Married: On the 27ult. in Trinity Church, St. Augustine, Fla. 
by Rev. Mr. Harlow, Dr. J. C. Calhoun, of South CaroHna, to Kate 
Kirby, only daughter of B. A. Putnam, esq. of St. Augustine." — The 
Charleston Daily Courier^ Friday, February 4, 1853. 

"''The Abbeville Banner records the decease of William Lowndes, 
youngest son of the late John C. Calhoun, who died on the 19th inst., 
on his plantation, in Abbeville District. Since the death of Mr. Cal- 
houn three sons and a daughter, we believe, have followed him to the 
tomb." — The Charleston Daily Courier, Saturday, September 25, 1858. 



Edward Calhoun [Patrick^, Patrick^], married Frances 

85 I. John Francis Calhoun, 6. Aug. 29, 1831. 

86 II. Patrick Edward Calhoun, died joung. 

87 III. Edwin Calhoun. 

88 IV. Ida Calhoun, m. Charles Alexander. (Issue.) 

89 V. Rosa Calhoun, m. (second wife) Charles Alex- 



Ludlow Calhoun [Patrick^, Patrick^], married Margaret 

90 I. Ludlow Calhoun. 

91 II. Nancy N'eedham Calhoun. 

92 III. John C. Calhoun, m. Miss Gilmer. 

93 IV. Patrick Calhoun. 

94 y. Eugenia Calhoun, m. Robert Middleton. (Issue.) 

95 VI. Thomas Calhoun. 

96 VII. Francis A. Calhoun. 

97 VIIL Edward Calhoun. 

98 IX. Arthur Calhoun. 

99 X. Benjamin F. Calhoun, married and his son, 

Arthur Ludlow Calhoun, lives in Beaumont, 

100 XL Ella Calhoun, m. S. B. Mays. 


Francis Augustus Calhoun [Patrick', Patrick^], married 
Laura Jones, of Georgia. 

101 I. Catherine Jenna Calhoun. 

102 II. Benjamin A. Calhoun. 

103 III. Cornelia Calhoun, m. Edward Yarborough. 

104 IV. Emma Calhoun, m. George C. Graves. (Issue.) 


105 y. Patrick L. Calhoun, m. Ida Haiikinson. (Issue.) 

106 VI. Frank A. Calhoun, m. Fanny Moore. (Issue.) 

107 VII. Thomas Jones Calhoun. 

108 VIII. Kate Calhoun, m. Marshall?. DeBruhl. (Issue.) 

109 IX. Louise Calhoun, married. 

Andrew Calhoun [James Martins, James^, Patrick^], 
married Frances E. Lee. 

110 I. Susan Wilkinson Calhoun. 

111 II. Kebecca Lee Calhoun. 

112 III. Julia Fishburne Calhoun. 

113 IV. James Martin Calhoun. 

114 V. Harriet Eliza Calhoun. 

115 VI. Sarah Pickens Calhoun. 

116 VIL Ellen Lee Calhoun. 

James F. Calhoun [James Martin^, James,^ Patricki], 
married Florence O. Lee, who dying, he then married Julia 
Emma P. Lee. 

Issue: First wife. 

117 I. Mary Louisa Calhoun. 

118 II. Martin Lee Calhoun. 

119 III. Marion Pickens Calhoun. 

120 IV. Florence Oliver Calhoun. 

Second wife. 

121 V. Martha Eleanor Calhoun. 

122 VL James Francis Calhoun. 

123 VII. Andrew Pickens Calhoun. 

124 VIII. Julia Emma Calhoun. 

John Caldwell Calhoun [James Martin^, James^, Patrick'], 
married Mary Graham. 

125 I. Annie Graham Calhoun. 

126 11. Mary Kennon Calhoun. 



James Caldwell Calhoun [John Alfreds, James2, Patricki], 
born December 23, 1830, married, December 22, 1858, Blan- 
dina M. Kirtland (b. Jan. 23, 1841, in Miss.); died in Wash- 
ington County, Texas, December 29, 1866. 

127 I. Isaac Kirtland Calhoun, born Oct. 11, 1859; m 

in Philadelphia. 

128 II. James Caldwell Calhoun, b. July 7, 1861; d. 

May 27, 1885. 

129 III. John Alfred Calhoun, b. May 3, 1863; m., Julv 

25, 1901, Mai North Colcock. (Issue.) 

130 IV. Lucy Calhoun, 6. Feb. 19, 1865. 

131 V. Tredwell Ayers Calhoun, b. Dec. 22, 1866. 


Williamson Norwood Calhoun [John Alfred\ James', Pat- 
rick^], born in Eufaula, Ala., August 28, 1841; married, 
April 7, 1864, Virginia Caroline Bowman (born in IJni(»n, 
S. C, Dec. 16, 1845), daughter of Pev. Peyton Green Bow^- 


132 I. Sarah Norwood Calhoun, b. Feb. 17, 1865; d. 

May 3, 1888. 

133 II. James Caldwell Calhoun, 6. Feb. 13, 1867. 

134 III. Marie Bowman Calhoun, 6. Dec. 15, 1869; m., 

April 15, 1891, R. H. Baker {b. Selma, Ala., 
July 4, 1862; d. Sumter, S. C, Dec. 17, 1896, 
leaving issue). 

135 IV. Virginia Calhoun, b. Jan, 22, 1890. 


Orville Tatum Calhoun [John Alfred^, James', Patrick'], 
born September 6, 1847; married December, 15, 1885, Sallie 
P. Gibert (died Oct. 28, 1887); died May 2, 1887. 

136 J. Orvillo Gibert Calhoun, b- Sept. 18, 1887. 



William Henry Calhoun [William Henry'^, James\ Pat- 
rick'], married, February 10, 1876, Susan Reed, who dying 
(without issue), he married. May 2, 1883, Olitford Winston. 
Issue: Second wife 

137 I. Fanny Calhoun. 


. Duff Green Calhoun [Andrew Pickens^ John Caldwell, 
Patrick'], married Elizabeth Beaseley, of Texas. 

138 I. Andrew Calhoun, m. Floride Lee, grand-daugh- 

ter of Mrs. Anna Calhoun (26) Clemson. 


John Caldwell Calhoun [Andrew Pickens"^ John Cald- 
we\\'\ Patrick'], born near Demopolis, Ala., July 9, 1843; 
educated at Thalian Acaderny, near Pendleton, S. C, and at 
the South Carolina College; entered Confederate service at 
reduction of Fort Sumter and served in the cavalry through- 
out the war, attaining the rank of captain; married, Decem- 
ber 8, 1870, Linnie Adams, a grand-niece of former Vice- 
President Richard M. Johnson; planted in Alabama, Mis- 
sissippi and Arkansas for a time after the war; wa& a dele- 
gate at large from Arkansas to the Cotton Exposition, 
Louisville, in 1883, and in ISTew Orleans in 1884; was vice- 
president of the convention held in Washington in 1884, 
which memorialized Congress in relation to the improve- 
ment of the Mississippi Eiver; was special ambassador to 
France of S. A. P., 1897; was vice-president and chairman 
of the finance committee of the Central Railroad and Bank- 
ing Company, of Georgia; president of the Baltimore Coal 
Mining and Railroad Company. He resides at 617 West 
End Avenue, New York City. 

139 I. James Edward Calhoun. 

140 11. Adams Calhoun. 


141 .III. Julia Calhoun. 

142 IV. John Caldwell Calhoun. 

Patrick Calhoun [Andrew Pickens^ John Caldwell^ Pat- 
rick^], born at Fort Hill, the plantation of his grandfather, 
near Pendleton, S. C, March 21, 1856; removed to Ualton, 
Ga., in 1871, and was admitted to the bar of Missouri in 
1876; went to Atlanta, GTa., to practice in 1878 and became 
one of the leading corporation attorneys in the South, and 
prominent in Georgia politics; discontinued the active prac- 
tice of law in 1896 and since that time has devoted his time 
to the development of street railway properties, especiall}^ 
in Baltimore, Pittsburg, St Louis and San Francisco. He 
resides at Euclid Heights, Cleveland, Ohio, and 9 East 88th 
Street, I^ew York City. He married Miss Williams, 

daughter of the late George W. Williams, of Charleston. 

143 ^ I. Martha Calhoun. 

144 II. Margaret Green Calhoun. 

145 III. Patrick Calhoun. 

146 IV. George Williams Calhoun. 


John Francis Calhoun [Edward', Patrick^, Patrick'], born 
August 29, 1831; married Rebecca Noble; died November 
13, 1897. 




Frances Calhoun. 



Susan Calhoun. 



Caroline Calhoun. 



John Calhoun. 



Ida Calhoun. 



Edward Calhoun. 



Rebecca Calhoun, m. Rob( 



Rosa Calhoun. 



Patrick Calhoun. 



Andrew Pickens Calhoun. 


. 87. 

Edwin Calhoun [Edward^, Patrick^, Patrick^], married Sal- 
lie Tillman. 

157 I. Kate Calhoun, m. L. C. Haskell. 

158 II. John Calhoun. 

159 III. Edwin Calhoun. 

160 IV. Frances Calhoun. 

161 V. Lalla Calhoun. 

162 YI. Arthur Calhoun. 

163 VII. Charles Calhoun. 

164 VIII. Eunice Calhoun. 


Benjamin A. Calhoun [Francis Augustus', Patrick', Pat- 
rick ^], married Josie Tucker, of Texas. 

165 I. Etta Virginia Calhoun. 

166 II. Francis A. Calhoun. 

167 III. Patrick Calhoun. 

168 IV. Carrie Lou Calhoun. 


South Carolinians at Eaton.— In a letter published 
in the Eaton College Chronicle of March 23, 1905, Mr. 
R. A. Austen Leigh gave an account of Americans who 
were educated at Eaton, including the following sketches 
of three South Carolinians: 

Huger, Francis [not William^], son of Daniel Huger, Esq., of Lim- 
erick plantation, St. John's Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina; 
[b. June 19th, 1751; educated 4 years under Mr. Wilton; then at Eton 
2 years under Mr. Foster; age 18; admitted Fellow Commoner at Caius 
Coll. Cambridge, March 26th, 1768]; Captain in Continental Army; d. 
Aug. 1800. 

Lynch, Thomas, son of Thomas Lynch, Esq., of Prince George's 
Parish, Winyah, South Carohna; [b. Aug. 5th, 1749; school, Eton 4 
years under Mr. Barnard, age 18; admitted Fellow Commoner at Caius 
Coll. Cambridge, May 18th, 1767; admjitted at Middle Temple, 1767]; 
Captain Continental Army, 1775-1776; member of Congress, 1776-1777; 
signed the Declaration of Independence; was lost at sea, 1779. 

Trapier, Paul, son of Paul Trapier, gent. , of Prince George's Parish, 
Winyah, South Carolina; [school, Eton (Dr. Barnard); admitted Pen- 
sioner at St. John's, Cambridge, Mar. 20th, 1766, aet. 18; Student of 
Inner Temple, Feby. 17, 1767]; m. EHzabeth Foissin, 1771; Captain of 
State Artillery, 1776. 

William R. Davis.— The following letter and news- 
paper extract concern the death of Capt. William R. 
Davis, a distinguished soldier of the Revolution. The 
letter is in private hands: 

^The name appears on the entrance record at Eaton as William and 
by a singular coincidence the name also appears as William on the re- 
cord when he entered Cambridge. His father's own diary, however, 
shows that he was baptized Francis and all subsequent records show 
that he kept that name throughout his life and it is well known to 
genealogical students of the family that there was no William Huger, 
son of Daniel Huger, of Limerick. The ante and post-college data 
for these sketches were furnished to Mr. Leigh by the editor of this 


Addressed: Robert Hails Esqr 

St Matthews 
(So Ca) 

Dear Sir:- 

I had set out, and proceeded on my journey towards Virginia, 
as far as Camden, where I met the melancholy news of poor Davis's 
death. It was a stroke so unexpected, and distressing to my feelings, 
that I could proceed no further. I turned about and came home the 
same night, but without knowing why— Good God! What must be the 
feelings of his family, and those on the spot!— I would do anything 
in this world in my power to afford them the smallest consolation, but 
that is impossible. Indeed I want it myself. Recollect, how many 
such true and real friends have you, or myself, left? And, if we feel 

so deeply his loss, what must , but the scene is really too 

distressing. I wish to know the particulars of his illness, and to what 
cause it is attributed. I am told he was pretty constantly delirious, 
and made no arrangement of his affairs. If he made any verbal re- 
quest about his childn, you will hear it, of course. But, had his mind 
possessed its full strength, what could he have said? Or to whom 
committed a trust a thousand times dearer than the life he was about 
to yield to its author ? Among others, I feel extremely for Mrs. Can- 
tey. She must have suffered extremely throughout this distressing 
scene. Her jaunt down the country is, of course, given over, as I con- 
clude she would not leave Mrs. Davis and the childn so soon. 

Be so good as to let me know how they all are, and when Mrs. 
Cantey is coming up, or what her present plan is. If she comes up, 
I will send her down horses. 

I did not suspect that this common season of joy would be to us 
so real a one of mourning- but we must submit. 

Yrs. truly, 

W. Hampton. 

24th Dec. 1799. 

"Died on Thursday last, at his Plantation on Santee, 
William Ransom Davis, esq. aged 44: a gentleman whose 
benevolence and hospitable disposition endeared him to 
all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance."— C-i^?/- 
Gazette and Daily Advertiser, Wednesday, December 25, 

Revolutionary Soldiers. -"DEATHS." * * * "At 
his plantation at Ponpon, Colonel GhOYER.''— The Gazette 
of the State of South- Carolina, Wednesday, August 6, 


''On Monday last died, in the 65th year of his age, at 
his seat in Goose-Creek, Col. Joseph Glover. His numer- 
ous family have to lament in him the loss of an affec- 
tionate husband, and a fond indulgent father, whilst his 
uniform and zealous attachment to the interest of his 
country, merits him the universal regret of the commu- 
nity at large.''— The South- Carolina Weekly Gazette, Sat- 
urday, August 9, 1783. 

"Another Revolutionary hero gone— Death of Major 
Hamilton, of Abbeville. 

Died, on the evening of the 17th inst. at his residence 
in Abbeville, Andrew Hamilton, in the 94th year of 
his age. 

Major Hamilton was born in Virginia, and emigrated 
to this State some years previous to the Revolution. 
Possessing an ardent attachment to Liberty, he embarked 
at an early period in defence of his country, and partici- 
pated in all the important battles that were fought in 
this State and Georgia. At the surrender of Cams Fort 
by the British, Major Hamilton was the officer selected 
by the Commander of the American forces to negociate 
the capitulation. At the battle of Eutaw, he was near 
Major Thomas Pinckney (the late Gen. Thomas Pinck- 
ney) at the moment that meretorious officer was wounded. 
During the whole war, he and Gen. Pickens were on terms 
of intimacy and friendship, and often acted together in 
driving the Indians and Tories from their predatory in- 
cursions on the frontier settlements. When peace and 
order were restored to the country, Major Hamilton, at 
different times, was called to fill various important civil 
appointments, the duties of which he always discharged 
with honor to himself, and usefulness to his country. 
He served for many years as a member of the Legisla- 
ture, and was a member of the Convention that adopted 
the Constitution of the United States." — T/ie Charleston 


Courier, Wednesday, January 28, 1835. (Also in The 
Charleston Mercury, of Tuesday, January 27, 1835. 

St. James's Church, Goose Creek.— The following 
items connected with the building of the present church 
of St. James's Parish, Goose Creek, will prove valuable 
contributions to the history of that interesting edifice: 

This Board taking into Concideration y" Agents Contineuing in y*^^ 
Settlement & y*^ great necessity of his going on his Agency Have 
agreed y*. M'".- Wright y*^ Present Agent gett himself ready to depart 
y'' Settlement & that he have instructions to goe among y*" Yamosee 
Indians & sett out on Monday y'^^ Ninetenth Instant to adjust y'^ differ- 
ences & regulate affairs w"'. the said Indians & Traders. — Journal 
(MS) of the Board of Commissioners of Indian Affairs, for March 9, 
1710-11, p. 4. 

Read a Letter from John Crockett dated from y'' Archpellauga Town 
informing y*" Ag*. of y^' kings way ting there for his assistance in re- 
moving y',- people to y'.- respective Townes 

This Board taking into Concideration y'' Agent not putting in Exe- 
cution y^ Orders & instructions given him by a Board of Comiss'''. y'' 
19*'\ of March Last past and also of y'' resolutions of a Board of 
Comiss"^'. y"^^ 14 Instant Aprill Ordering y'^' Agent to be Called to Acco' 
& his Bond put in Suitt against him 

And upon hearing this Day M'.- Wright y"' Agents reasons upon his 
not proceading according to orders given him whose reasons are as 
followeth To be furnishing y'- Church att Goose Creeke w*\ materials 
for finishing y'' Same— Ibid for April 17, 1711, p. 6. 

Bounty Grants to Revolutionary Soldiers.— In 
1778 an Act was passed in South Carolina providing 
" That two hundred acres of land (including the one hun- 
dred allowed by Congress) be reserved for and granted 
free of expense and in fee simple to every soldier who 
hath already enlisted or shall hereafter enlist to serve in 
either of the said regiments" [''the six regiments of this 
State on the Continental establishment"] ''during the 
present war; provided he doth faithfully complete his 
term of service; and in case it shall so happen that any 
such soldier shall be slain or depart this life during this 
contest, his heirs shall be entitled to the said two hun- 
dred acres of land." 


In 1784 an ordinance was passed in the General As- 
sembly directing the commissioners of location in the 
several districts "to receive the entry of the respective 
officers and soldiers of the late South Carolina Conti- 
nental line, and the officers on the staff, and the three 
independent companies commanded by Captain Bowie 
and Captain Moore, and the officers of the navy of this 
State, who are entitled to grants of land under any 
Resolve or Act of the Congress or Legislature of 
this State, for the quantity of land to which the officers 
or soldiers applying is entitled; and to issue warrants of 
survey, and certify and return the plats which shall be 
made of lands to be surveyed by virtue of such warrants; 
and that the surveyor general certify the plats; that the 
secretary prepare the grants, free of expense to the said 
officers and soldiers; that the Governor be required to 
sign and pass such grants; and that the fees of the com- 
missioners of locations, deputy surveyor, surveyor gen- 
eral and secretary, for their respective services in the 
premises, be paid by the public." 

The grants issued in accordance with the foregoing 
Act and Ordinance were recorded in four volumes now 
in the office of Secretary of State and marked ''Bounty 
Grants." The following is a specimen of one of 
the grants, the personel of the grantee making it doubly 
interesting. It is also recommended to the consideration 
of those people who believe that silly story about a girl 
named Sinclair who in man's attire followed Jasper into 
service because of her love for him and was killed in an 
action on the Santee: 

To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 
Know ye, That in pursuance of an Act of the General Assembly of 
said State, passed the Twenty-eighth day of March, in the Year of 
Our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-eight; and of an 
Ordinance of the State aforesaid, passed the Twenty-sixth day of 



March, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty-four, for the pur- 
pose of securing and granting Land within this State to the Officers 
and Soldiers as therein set forth. We have granted and by these Pres- 
ents do grant unto Wilham Jasper heir at Law to Serjeant WilHam 
Jasper his Heirs and Assigns, a Plantation or Tract of Land contain- 
ing two hundred acres (surveyed for Richard Gallivan the 25^''. Feb^: 
1789— Acres Situate in the District of Georgetown on the North East 
side of Little Peedee River on Treadwell Swamp, bounding N" Et. on 
John Elvis 's Land, S". W\ & N° W\ on Adoniram Treadwell, James 
Gallivan 's & Vacant Land S". E*. on Vacant Land— having such Shape 
Form and Marks as are represented by a Plat hereunto annexed, to- 
gether with all Woods, Trees, Waters, Water-courses, Profits, Com- 
modities, Appurtenances and Hereditaments whatsoever thereunto 
belonging, To have and to hold the said Tract of two hundred— Acres 
of Land, and all and singular other the Premises hereby granted unto 
the said William Jasper his Heirs and Assigns, forever, in free and 
common soccage. 

Given under the Great Seal of the State. 

Witness his Excellency Charles Pinckney Esquire, Governor and 
Commander in Chief in and over the said State, at Charleston this 
fourth Day of January Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and 
Ninety and in the 14*''. year of the Independence oj the United States 
of America. 

And hath thereunto annexed a Plat thereof representing the same, 
Certified by F. Bremar 22-1 Decem^ 1789— 

The following are the indices to the grants recorded 
in the first three volumes referred to above: 

Vol. 1. 

Allen, Capt. Edward, 34, 35. 

Berwick, White, 13. 

Butler, Samuel, 18. 

Campbell, James, 5. 

Coleman, Jacob, 2. 

David, Peter, 22, 23. 

Donnom, Benjamin, 20, 21. 

Fraser, Alexander, 17. 

Jasper, William, heir-at- 
law of Sergeant William 
Jasper, 6. 

Jennerett, Elias, 15. 

Johnston, Jacob, 8. 

Kalkoff en, John Jacob, late 
Sergt. 2d. Regt., 7. 

Marquis, Joseph, a soldier, 
24,25,26,27; heir at law 
to Samuel Marquis, 28, 

Proby, Mary, widow of John 
Proby, 32, 33. 

Reeves, Benjamin, 9. 

Rowan, John, 1. 

Singleton, Benjamin, 3. 

Singleton, Richard, Jr., 12. 

Smith, James, 14. 


Smith, Jesse, 31. 
Smith, John, 30. 
Smith, WilHam, 10. 
Stevens, William, 4. 

Addison, John, 60. 
Anger, George, 75. 
Barnet, John, 42. 
Bosman, Ralph, 54. 
Bridges, Edward, 61. 
Burns, Thomas, 41. 
Burket, Thomas, 22. 
Cockerel, William, 55, 56. 
Culpeper, Joseph, 11. 
Deen, Charles, 83. 
Elliott, William, 15. 
Ellis, Edward, 19. 
Ellis, Reuben, 76. 
Emery, Abraham, 53. 
Evans, Benjamin, 20, 50. 
Fitzpatrick, Jacob, 10. 
Franklin, Esham, 57. 
Franklin, Isham, 81. 
Frye, Philip, 17. 
Garner, Samuel, 52. 
Gaston, John, 9. 
Gilder, Henry, 16. 
Gillihan, William, 43. 
Gilmore, James, 62. 
Hays, James, 27. 
Holly, Benjamin, 30. 
Holloms, James, 66. 
Jacobs, Benjamin, 23. 
James, Benjamin, 44. 

Stone, Dotson, heir-at-law 
of Benjamin Stone, 16. 

Wall, Richard, heir-at-law 
of Richard Wall, 19. 

Whittington, Isaac, 11. 

Vol. 2. 

Jeffers, Allen, 7. 

Jeffers, Osborn, 12. 

Jeffries, Littlebury, 8. 

Jones, John, 77, 78, 82. 

Kennedy, John, 24. 

Kennedy, William, 58. 

Kersey, Isaac, 45. 

Markley, Andrew, 1, 2, 3, 4. 

McCarty, Daniel, 37. 

McCullough, John, 31. 

McDonald, John, 71, 72, 73. 

Miller, Abraham, 29. 

Miller, Jacob, 28. 

Miller, John, 32. 

Miller, William, 48. 

Morris, Thomas, 46, 47. 

Moss, John, 25. 

Murphy, Michael, 40. 

Murphy, William, 5. 

Nipper, James, 79. 

Robinson, Robert, 80. 

Seal, Thomas, Jr., assignee 
of Johnston Elkins, 74. 

Smith, John, 63. 

Smith, Matthew, 63. 

Spencer, Capt. Calvin, Con- 
tinental Line, 6. 

Stewart, John, 33. 

Thomlin, Thomas, 65. 



Timms, James, administra- 
tor of George Carter, 
67, 68; administrator of 
James Hawkins, 69, 70. 

Troublefield, John, 14. 

Waldrop, Joseph, 64. 

Walker, William, 38. 

Weathers, Valentine, 49,51. 


Allison, Joseph, 65. 

Anderson, John Leonard,87. 

Arnet, Samuel, 36. 

Ashby, James, 110. 

Barnet, Lance, 18, 28; as 
heir-at-law of Jesse Bar- 
net, 19, 29. 

Benn, James, 10. 

Benn, William, 9. 

Boyd, Andrew, in own 
right, 123; as heir of 
John Boyd, 111, 112, 113, 
114, 115; as administra- 
tor of Robert Hughey, 

Brown, William, 62. 

Coleman, Robert, assignee 
of James Timms, admin- 
istrator of Jacob Rogers, 

Crow, Thomas, 1; as heir- 
at-law of William Crow, 
deceased, 2. 

Davis, Thomas, 20, 21. 

Dean, Abner, 3, 4. 

Dean, Absalom, 7, 8. 

Dean, John, 5, 6. 

Dean, Thomas, 61. 

White, James, 21. 
Whittington, Edward, 26. 
Whittington, Ephraim, 39. 
Whittington, Griff, 59. 
Whittington, Jarret, 35. 
Wilson, Brazil, 34. 
Wilson, Henry, 36. 
Wilson, Robert, 13. 


Ellis, Isham, 11. 
Filpot, James, heir of Ed- 
ward Filpot, 72. 

Garland, William, 22, 23, 

24, 25. 
Gore, James, administrator 

of Joseph Stone, 38, 39, 

m, 90, 91, 92, 93. 

Harper, Robert, adminis- 
trator of John Harper, 
intrust, 124, 125, 126,127. 

Harris, Drury, 30. 

Harris, Peter, 41, 42, 43. 

Harwell, John, 40. 

Haseland, William, 109. 

Hayse, John, 26, 27. 

Hooper, Absalom, 119. 

Jackson, Philip, 131. 

Johnston, William, heir-at- 
law to Drury Johnston, 
31, 32, 33, 34. 

Jones, Daniel, 132. 

Leech, Joseph, 35. 

Masfield, Mary, widow and 
heir-at-law of William 
Alberson, 75. 

McDonald, Henry, 104. 


Miller, John, 96, 97, 98, 99, 
100, 101. 

Orr, Charles, 102, 103, 116. 

Parnal, or Parnold, James, 
12, 13, 67, 68, 69, 70. 

Postell, Francis, 63. 

Patterson, George, 37. 

Ritchie, John, 73. 

Robison, Robert, 44, 45, 56. 

Sanders, Robert, 89, 94, 117, 
118, 122. 

Sleeker, William, 46. 

Smith, Charles, 14. 

Smith, George, heir-at-law 
of John Smith, 76. 

Smith, John, Jr., 120. 

Smith, Ralph, 71. 

Timms, James, as adminis- 
trator of William Barker, 
in trust for the heirs of 
said Barker, 79, 80, 95; 
as administrator of Peter 
Beasley, 57; as adminis- 
trator of James Hawkins, 

105,106,107,121; as ad- 
ministrator of Robert 
Hughey, in trust, 128, 
129, 130; as administra- 
tor of Reason Jenkins, 
47,51; as administrator 
of Jacob Meadows, 50, 53, 
59, 60; as administrator 
of John Meddows, 48, 49, 
52, 54, 55; as administra- 
tor of Jacob Rogers, 15, 
16, 17, 74; as administra- 
tor, in trust for the heirs 
of James Rogers, 88; as 
administrator, in trust 
for the heirs of Thomas 
Watts, 77, 78, 81; as ad- 
ministrator of Robert 
Wilson, 58. 

Tominey, Andrew, 108. 

Tutt, Richard, 86. 

Vaun, Martha, 64. 

Wilson, Robert, 82, 83, 84, 


Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume L 1857. |2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume IL 1858. $2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Hitstorical Society. 
Volume in. 1859. • $4.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume IV. 1887. Unbound, $2. Bound, $3.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume V. 1897. Paper, $2.00 

Journal of a Voyage to Charlestown in So. Carolina by 
Pelatiah Webster in 1765, Edited by Prof. T. P. Harrison. 
1898. 50c. 

The History of the Santee Canal. By Prof. F. A. Por- 
cher. With an Appendix by A. S. Salley, Jr., 1903. 40c. 

The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Maga- 
zine. Edited by A. S. Salley, Jr. Volume L ^900. 

Unbound, $4.00 

Contents : Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Judge William Johnson, 
Mission of Col. John Laurens to Europe in lySr, Papers of the First 
Council of Safety of the Revolutionary Party in South Carolina, June- 
November, 1775; The Bull Family of South Carolina, A Cherokee War 
Document, Blake of South Carolina, Letters from Judge William John- 
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The South CaroHna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VII. OCTOBER, 1906. No. 4. 

TO HON. HENRY LAURENS, 1777-1780. 

{Continued from the July number.) 


Dear Sir 

You will have certainly received a long letter from me 
by L* Colonel du plessis, before this falls into your hands 
—but as I send a servant of mine to york for several 
business's belonging to his province, I wo'nt let pass this 
occassion of presenting you a niew assurance of niy at- 
tachment — I schall mention in the same time two or 
three points relative to my glorious and flattering ap- 

I have received a letter signed Connway where he in- 
forms me under the most strictest secrecy of what he 
can no more conceal from me — he presents me that com- 
mission under the two points of view he knows to 
be the most agreable to me, the utility of this country of 
the american liberty, and my own glory — he assures 
me how happy he finds himself to serve under my orders 
—he swears that he feels a much greater pleasure to be 
under me than if he was commander in chief, two happy, 
says- he, if he can by every exertion in his power con- 
tribute in some thing to my reputation, and he begs, he 


expects with great respect an answer, however, I have 
thought that even the most strict duty of poHteness 
could indulge me to wait one or two days before answer- 
ing to that honest gentleman. 

We have, Sir, in this army a man who would be of a 
great use to me— more useful even to the northern 
than the southern part of your army — this is gnl 
portail— you will be surprised at my begging the chief 
of the ingeneers, to be merely in a detachment of general 
Washington's grand army— but I pray you'd reflect that 
(without mentioning any fort) if I meet with some good 
luck, I can hope to have the pleasure of wraiting you 
from camp before quebec and then it will be' the true 
business of the chief of your ingeneers to take the only 
one fortified town to be taken, or at least the strongest 
one of america— (I don't include S*. augustine because 
gnl conn way will take it with fifteen hundred men coming 
from M. de borre's country) gnl portail would be in- 
trusted too with the care of making out, f ortifiing if 
necessary and distributing our camps — so I would di- 
vide the place of quarter master general and leave the 
other employments to a country man oflficer, an active 
friend of ours, pointed out near or upon the spot, and 
very well acquainted with Canada— 

I must confess to you that I am wraiting this after the 
most warm desire of Mr du portail, declared to me in the 
most expressive terms- he would take along with him 
the youngest of his ingeneers and leave Colonels la 
radiere and laumoy, and the new major villefranche 
with some other strangers to do the duty in general Wash- 
ington's army- I dare hope that such a plan would 
agree without difficulty with his excellency. 

if I had that gentleman and the most respectable Mg 
douggall, I schould be very happy —I want, my dear Sir, 
to have men whom I can extract from, as much pru- 


dence and as many years, (without any sensible injury to 
theyr persons) as I believe there is necessary to fill up in 
my age, which years I think must have a general to be 
in his point of perfection- and it is my opinion that 
even when a man is born with those so superior and un- 
common talents for the grand art of war, the best age 
for his generalship, after a continued study and expe- 
rience is, between forty and fifty. 

Can I dare hope, my good friend, that Congress will 
add yet to his confidence and my gratefulness in grant- 
ing me as much power as to reform abuses, punishing, or 
rewarding upon the spot, in all to establish that strict 
discipline which will give to the Canadians a great idea 
of our justice, our strength, and our soldiership- I pray 
and I wish very heartely that I schall be directed to set- 
tle my plan and my business with the committee of Con- 
gress actually in camp— for the board of war, you know, 
is not in the interest of the friends to gnl Washington— 
I pray too that I schall after wai't on Congress and its 
president to take farther instructions. 

There is a point upon which I do not hear any thing 
this of monney- do'nt you think that gold is absolutely 
necessary- I'l tell you what I can make upon that mat- 
ter and I hope you know too well my heart and my love 
for your cause for injuring me with any thanks — I have 
about Seven Thousand guineas of actual revenue, I have 
an hotel in paris, I have in plate, diamonds, &c. about 
the double of that summ I can dispose of or make a borrow- 
ing upon- if Congress wants a warrant for borrow im- 
mediately that monney, from some stranger I schall give 
my name to it- but in case it was useless, then, Sir, I 
beg you would find for myself about five or six thousand 
guineas to borrow, which I am certain it will be necessary 
for me to spend from my own pocquet in liberalitys, 
pious charitys to clergymen &c &c. &c &c. and it is 


only with the power of spending from my own that sum 
that I wish'd to undertake the expedition - if you could 
not find that I schould be obliged to borrow those five 
thousand guineas at some foolish and ruinous interest. 
The same day at 2 o'clock 
When I was wraiting this your letter and this of M. 
duer fell into my hands, and I see with the greatest con- 
cern that the two greatest ennemys and most insolent 
calumniators of my friend are directed to follow rae, 
connway as second commandant, and duir as volunteer, 
the first you know my way of thinking for— the second 
has the reputation in the country to be a tory, and you'l 
know by several instances that he is a rascal — I tell you. 
Sir, freely, not as the president of Congress but to my 
friend that if it is not altered at. least for the first I am 
obliged to decline the appointement— if they go there 
I am sure they will prevent my succeeding— if my en- 
deavourings to do well are attended with such impassable 
obstacles, my hating cabals and cabalors will send me 
back to f ranee— Mr de gimat is going to York. I tell 
him not to mention that I have received those two last 
letters even this of Connway — that Connway is so much 
despised by every honest frenchman that no body will 
serve under him — and those who do not know him yet, 
will be lighted on his conduct as well as I have been my- 
self, what Mr de gimat will tell you, you can put the 
same confidence in as if it was myself. 

le M'' de Lafayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
Rec^ 28 Jan^ 1778- 


Dear Sir 

if My business are done very early be so good as to give 
me notice of it to prepare myself to my departure. 


to the reason that I do'nt seem to Hke the expedi- 
tion you can answer that I hke it very well and my pro- 
positions to you about the monney are a good mark of it. 

for the baron de Kalb they must reflect that as the 
baron will go of with me he will not be more useful to 
g""^ Washington in f ranee than in Canada and by the 
same occasion the will loose g""^ portail and all the enge- 
neers g"^ Pulaski, armand, du plessis &c &c &c 

if my going there is not agreed upon immediately 
ri resign this evening and the other f rench generals and 
officers will send theyr resignations in two days. 

you can say too that I must set out immediately for 
f ranee by the occasion of the man I had sent for bring- 
ing to me that frigate of 24 guns 

if I go then I'l wrai't to f ranee a letter to my friends, 
one to the f rench ambassador, one to the members of the 
opposition in the two houses which I'l show you. 

if no f rench officers as it will be go to Canada then 
no Canadians will join under that irish man principally 
when they will see us going of and publishing the rea- 
sons which dissify gnl Washington myself and all the 
f rench officers, to whom congress has been so ungrateful. 

Endorsed: Marquis de laf ayette 
31 Jan^ 1778. 


Addressed: To 

The President 

At half past nine 
I am Coming from that board — I spoke to them with a 
great frankness and finished by telling that if they do'nt 
give me mg dougall or Kalb, and the f rench officers ap- 
pointed according to my ideas I decline the appointement 


and will go to f ranee with most all the french officers in 
the army — I am sorry my dear sir, to think that two or 
three rascals oblige me to make out such a conditions 
and take such steps— tho he was I believe for me, duer 
quite against, the secretary charmed with that dispute, 
and the old fellow scratching his wigg— I think they'l 
beg Congress to meet tomorrow tho' it is Sunday ^then 
my propositien and my leave in case of refusal will be 
layd down in the worst light possible — I told them that 
such I wish would be my instruction from Congress 
''when you'l repair to camp you'l send in our name an 
order to general mgdouggall to follow you, and you'l 
proceed to wards albany, but if his health do'nt admit 
then you'l leave to g""^ Washington a letter which upon 
mgdouggall's answer he will deliver to the baron de 
Kalb to order him to go up— then I am certain to 
have one or another, and more certain yet to have the 
baron tho' I would like better the other, 

if you are not so good as to make out before Congress 
will meet a little cabale in my favour, then I'l be lost and 
as I ca'nt go back obliged to keep my word in going 
home— at least I could give up directly my commission 
and be yet three or four weeks with his excellency as a 

good night my dear sir, I am going to bed. be so good 
as to wrait to me or send for Mr de gimat when you will 
be here L. f . 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
31 January 1778— 



Addressed: to 

the honorable henry Laurens 
President of Congress 
at York 

Dear Sir, 

I have the pleasure to inform you that I have over 
taken Colonel troop, tho' he was to make his incursion 
into albany with all the possible rapidity— as a large 
river was before him, no boat to cross and his escaping 
by any way entirely impossible, he surendered himself 
to me, and the condition of our treaty has been that we 
schould meet again at lancaster where he will take a 
letter for the inspector gnl of the army without inspec- 
tion, and second commander of the incursion without 
any particular command — however the military postil- 
ion was very anxious to be at lancaster before me, which 
I thought it was kind to indulge him— I found at the 
same river one other rapid incursor from the board 
going to reading— and Fl go myself with all the imagina- 
ble rapidity to head quarters and from thence to albany. 

there is a letter which I desire you would send to 
Mr de Valf ort and from hence to france but in proper 
hands because I speak of gnl washingtons business 
I schould be very happy if that old friend of mine would 
come again with me. 

do'nt forget to put in the fire the little note I had 
given yesterday for rememberance in Congress — I for- 
got to ask you if I was to wrait again to then for grant- 
ing my desires but however I believe it is useless. 

this letter will be delivered to you by Mr de la nieu- 
ville coming from the f rench islands and reccommanded 
to me. if some other officers were sent to me or em- 
ployed in the grand army be so good as not forget him. 
he is a quiet young man and I do'nt know better his pre- 


tensions than his merit but I wish to show some regard 
for the reccommandation. we schall mention him again 
in our letters, the other is a captain in the same regi- 
ment entirely unknown to me, but both are f rench men 
and I ca'nt refuse a letter for the president of Congress. 

after reflection if valf ort is not at charlestown and 
you do'nt find a quite sure occasion, let the letter be 
thrown in the fire 

I desire du plessis schould be send to his business with- 
out delay I beg your pardon my dear sir of the impro- 
priety of this letter, but I have only a minute, and I must 
make an incursion into the boat with all possible rapidity 

with the most tender affection and highest regard I 
have the honor to be 


the Mis de Lafayette 
My most respectfull compliments to the ladys, I never 
drank a so good the than this morning— indeed my 
dear sir you must have a great indulgence for me if you 
pardon mon griffonag^ 

Anderson ferry at three oclock in a great hurry 
Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 

Rec^ 4 ffeb^ 1778 


Addressed: to 

The honorable 
the president of Congress 
York town 

Dear Sir 

there is lieutenant Colonel fleury who not only out 
of my esteem and affection for him but even by a par- 
ticular reccommandation of the board of war is destined 
to follow me to Canada — I schould have desired of Con- 


gress every thing or employement which I could have 
believed more convenient to his wishes, had I not ex- 
pected to see him before— you know he was upon my 
list — he desires to be at the head of an independent troop 
with the rank of Colonel— I do'nt know which will be 
the intentions of Congress but every thing which can 
please Mr de Fleury not only as a frenchman but as a good 
officer, and as being Mr Fleury will be very agreable 
to me. 

I travel very slow, and I am angry against the roads, 
against my horse against every thing which stops me — 
however I am not so quite exasperated against a sweet 
parcel of letters coming thro the hands of Mr de Fran- 
cis, which I have received very kindly — my family was 
then very well. 

I was thinking of the title of that man going to Can- 
ada—I am afraid some body will call him commander in 
chief in order to excuse himself —but I desire it would 
be called only general and commander of the northern 
army — I do'nt say I will so much, but I say positively I 
will no more, neither any expedition which could hurt 
the commander in chief's rights. 

I have showed to Colonel fleury the first lines of my 
letter, in order to let him know my giving willingly the 
recommendation he asks for you — you know that gen- 
tleman's merit and that du plessis and himself were 
made lieutenant colonels in reward for fine actions. 

with the most tenderest affection and highest regard 
I am dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 

the M" de Lafayette. 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
Reed 6*'^ ffeb^- 1778 
by CoP. Fleury. 



the seventh a five in the morning 
Dear Sir 

I am not yet out of camp tho' I did not loose a minute, 
but the roads and my business detained me longer than 
I thought — however Fl push now very quick and you 
will hear very soon from me — ^the bearers of those letters 
are two gentlemen whose the first is I believe intended 
by his excellency to be an ingeneer, the second wants 
too some employement — they were, say they, strongly 
recommanded to me by one other schip who was taken 
— if you see only one of those officers it will be a mark 
that the first schall be reccommanded by his excellency 
himself — there will be also an officer de line already em- 
ploied in our army to whom I'l beg you to say that I have 
mentioned him for going in the northern army— I can 
not be so hot for men unknown to me, but as f rench men 
ri recommend allwais them and make the best wishes 
for theyr succi's— I am glad they could know that I have 
mentioned them — do'nt forget if you please the little 
mastinican who brought letters for me. 

You have seen Mr de fleury — I fancy entre nous that 
he will not be satisfied in so high pretensions— he is very 
unhappy that Mr duer is no more in Congress because he 
is his intimate friend and confident— that will perhaps 
surprise you Mr de fieury is entre nous a fine ofl^icer but 
rather too ambitious— when I say such things I beg you 
to burn the letters. 

I inclose here two lines for g"^ gates, you will hear 
from me by the first opportunity — be so good as to pay 
my excuses to the gentlmen of my acquaintance in Con- 
gress whom time preventes me from paying a visit to— 
I have only this of presenting you the assurance of my 
warmest friendship & highest regard. . I have the 


honor to be with 

dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 
The M^^ de Lafayette. 
Mr John Laurens is in very good health— present if you 
please my respectf ull compliments to your fine land lady 
and the most charming Miss Nelly 


albany the 19*^ february 1778 
Dear Sir 

I intend to wrai't to you as the president of Congress 
but now I will explain my heart to my friend, and let 
him know which hell of blunders, madness, and deception 
I am involved in. 

it is impossible that things could have been turned up 
in a so little time, and I do not believe that an expedi- 
tion which would have had some degree of probability 
could be immediately cut of on every point — therefore I 
am inclined to believe that people as been rather fool 
than wicked in this particular circumstance. 

You will find by my letter to Congress how much I 
had been deceived, and neither words of honor, neither 
wraiting assurances, my travel to york my conversations 
&c have been able to prevent what I was much afraid of, 
it is my being sent with a great noise a schiaing apparate 
for what ? for nothing at all — you will condemn, I am 
sure, gnl Stark's conduct, but you will be more surprised 
that gnl gates seems not so well acquainted with the 
northern department as myself who am here since two 
days — the immense number of debts, the want of cloath- 
ing, want of men, want of everything indeed to be 
wanted had not only been taken notice of by the future 
commander in chief of the american forces. 

I have found a spirit of disatisfaction every where, 
every eye seems to say to me, where are you going to 


bring those unhappy wretches, let it be a natural or an 
infected disinclination, it is sufficient to ruin the expe- 

I was expected in this town the 25 — however I arrived 
the 17*^'— Conn way has been here only three days before 
me — he was already very well with the three g""^ officers 
then in Albany — but I ca'nt conceive how he could al- 
tered the matter at such a point in such a time, princi- 
pally when hazen who has reasons to be, and indeed is 
very sanguine upon the expedition was to over look him 
—and that hazen himself acknowledges the expedition to 
be impossible by want of men and cloathes — there is in 
that ridiculous and schoking affair a piece of folly or a 
piece of villainy behind all expressions. 

General arnold tho' he was sick and not able to do any- 
thing had taken some notice of my coming to command 
here— I have wrote to him to day in order to ask his in- 
tentions about our present situation, and his commands 
as being by the date of his commission above me — he his 
an inveterate eiinemy to gnl gates and calls him the 
greatest paltroon in the world and many other genteel 
qualifications of that kind. 

What is your opinion, sir, about my present situation? 
do you think it is a very pleasant one? how schall I do 
to get of from a precipice where I embarked myself out 
of my love for your country, my desire of distinguishing 
myself in doing good to America, and that so fulle 
opinion that there was in all the board of war some feeble 
light of virtue or common sense — my situation is such 
that I am reduced to wish to have never put the f oott in 
America or thought of an american war — all the conti- 
nent knows where I am, what I was sent for, I have 
wrote it through the whole f ranee and europe (as I have 
been cxpressily desired) the whole world has theyr eyes 
fixed upon m3, and me, myself, Tl be obliged to end an 


operation which may be looked on as undertaken, in the 
same ridiculous way as I do'nt know which man by the 
name of general had carried on one in the casted men 
will have right to laugh at me, and VI be almost ashamed 
to appear before some, because the such a one is a fool, 
the such a one is a rascal— no, sir, this expedition will 
certainly reflect a little upon my reputation, at least for 
having been too confident in men who did not deserve 
it, but it will reflect much more upon the authors of such 
blunders — VI publish the whole history, VI publish my 
instructions with notes through the world, and Fl loose 
rather the honor of twenty gatess and twenty boards of 
war, than to let my own reputation be hurted in the least 

I was very glad and quiete with my division, but now, 
sir, as by the impulsion of many in and about Congress 
I have wrote to my to my friends that I had the com- 
mand of an army, an army must be given to me at the 
head of which I could do something to throw a schade 
upon this very disagreable part of my military life — un- 
less leave schould be granted me to go and laugh in 
franco of the niew military american ministry of war- 
however if you can give me a good reason for comiing 
back to my first military post with any decency I have no 
objection to it — but if you think that the noise my letters 
and these of all the other french officers will have done 
in europe, that the expectations of every one in america, 
the expectations of the british army must not end in 
this schort and laughable Manner, then, sir, you can en- 
able me to show that I can be at the head of an army 
and that I can conquer when an army is to be found. 

I can not give up all ideas of penetrating into Canada, 
but I give up this of going there this winter upon the 
ice I will take farther informations, Fl try farther ex- 
ertions — I confess that I am exasperated to the utmost 


degree, and was I certain to carry the least point, what- 
ever might happen, I schould go on — but, sir, you'l see 
such a difference between what was promised to me and 
what I have found, that indeed nothing appears to be 
done— you know that the whole expedition has been put 
on foot in order to satisfy one single man's ambition, 
the behaviour and underhands of this man here I can- 
not conceive, neither understand yet; but he is well with 
every body and the most inveterate ennemys of general 
gates. I must not forget mentionning to you that arnold 
has desired me to take the command here. 

there is a project which could make honor to myself 
good to the country, and mind- a little the business — it 
is if I was directed to go with a part of the northern 
forces which I could then command to defend the north 
river or attack niew york — that attack if it is a possible 
one would make a good diversion for g"^ Washington — 
is it true that gates is yet commander in chief in the 
northern department. 

one of my aids de camp will call upon you two days 
after you'l have received this letter, be so good as to 
wrait by him to me very fully and very plainly what 
effect my melancholy niews have done upon Congress, 
what the have determined upon about me — as I do not 
believe they have in theyr power or theyr will to mind 
my ridiculous march by some glorious and figting 
chief command I fancy entre nous that I'l be then in- 
duced to repair home — for you know my dear sir, every 
body will laugh at my expedition. 

with the greatest regard and most tenderest friendship 
I have the honor to be my dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 

the M" de Lafayette 

I beg you wauld engage Congress to read over all the 
papers I send to them. 




I am told gnl putnam is not to stay in the post he 
holds now 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 19 ffeb'^ 
1778 Rec^ 26. 
Answ*^ 4 March 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.] 


[Continued from the July number.'] 

Reg\ Orders by CoW Pinckney Jan^ 19'': 1778 

A Court Martial to sit this morning for Tennesson 
Chesser & John Connell for Disorderly behaviour at the 

John Bean for being in possession of Board belonging to 
Cap*. Harlston, Daniel Lyans for Sleeping on his Post & 
Suffering his gun to be taken from him, M'. Wells evi- 
dence against Chesser M'. John Baily ag*. Connell Cap*, 
harlston against Bean and Serj*, Simpson against Lyans, 
The President of the Co*, will Send a Serj* to the Wit- 
nesse's for their attendance' at such an hour as he Shall 
think proper to appoint — If appearing that Lieu*. CoW 
Cattell is an Evidence in the Matter to be tried tomor- 
row by a Court of officers Major Scott is appointed Presi- 
dent 6 Cap*'. & 6 Lieu*', Members, the Court will Like- 
wise try all such prisoners as shall be Brought Before 

Orders by Cap*. Pinckney Cap*. Saunders brigade officer 
of the Day tomorrow Cap*. Jor Regt\ officer officer of 
the Day tomorrow— Lieu*', Lavacher Clifford & Postell 
for Guard tomorrow — 

President of the Court Cap*, venderhorst Lieu*', Hixt 
Lining Weatherly & Lavacher Members 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^, 19*' day 1778 

Gen'. Orders Parole Winsor— 

The Quarter master Gen', to provide a Store for the 
use of the Dep*- . Clothier Gen', & a Centinel from y' 
Brick house guard to be posted there and another Cen- 
tinal at the publick Stoore of Salt at M'. Dawsons from 
the Main Guard — 


Regt\ Orders by CoP. Pinckney Jan^ 20*^^ day 1778 The 
officers are perticularly Requested not to go to town In 
the mornings before the Detaild orders are Essued that 
they may know whether they are for Duty or not Or- 
ders by Major Scott Jan^ 20*^ day 1778— For Guard 
tomorrow Cap*. Cattell, Lieu% Hixt & Lining for the 
Main Guard, Lieu* Simmons for the Barrack Guard, Cap*. 
Turner for Regt\ Guard— 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 20*^^ day 1778 Gen\ 
Orders Parole Nash — 

Regt^ Orderd by CoF. Pinckney Jan^. 21^*: 1778 
A Court Martial to sit this morning for the trial of all 
such Prisoners as may be brought Before them all Wit- 
ness to attend— 

Orders by Major Scott of the same Date Cap*. Ladson 
L*. Williamson & L*. Weatherly for Duty tomorrow— 
Cap*. Theus Regt\ Cap*, tomorrow L*. Skirving for the 
Barrack Guard tomorrow Cap*. Drayton President of 
the Court L*', Elliott Grey Jackson & Postell Members— 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 21^*: 1778— Gen- 
eral Orders Parole— 

Lieu*'. Edward Welch, Thomas Shubrick, and Alexander 
Patrie 1'*: Lieu*', in the S**": Regiment Commanded by 
Cor. Isaac Huger is appointed Captains in the Same & 
is to be Obeyed and Respected accordingly— Lieu*' Dan\ 
Martin Alexand Keeth, John Gordon, & Rich^ Moncrief 
2'^ Lieu*', In CoP, Hugers Reg*, is appointed 1'*: Lieu*'. In 
the same & is to be Obeyed & Respected as such Cap*. 
Tho'. Boyden having Resign'd his Commission he is no 
Longer to be Considered as a Continental officer — 1 
Field officer 3 Captains 6 Subalterns Six Serjeants & 
150 Rank & file of CoF. Thomsons Reg*, to March to 
Charles Town & take up their quarters at the New Bar- 
racks this Detachmentment is to be Relieved by the 
like number from the same Reg*. Every Month— 

Regt\ Orders by Colo\ Pinckney Jan^'. 22^^: 1778 


Bean the Granadier Alledges that he has Several Wit- 
nesse's to produce, which he Could not call before the 
Court Yesterday, he is to be tried again to day all the 
men who mess in the Same house with him are also to 
be tried for the same offence, Cap*. Harlston's Evidence 
as Given to y' Court Yesterday for the above Trials & 
for y' trial of all other prisoners as may be brought 
before them — 

A Court Martial to sit this morning for the these trials 
all Witness to attend — 

Serjeant Deloney of Cap*, Saunderse's Company is ap- 
pointed Serjeant in the Light Infantry Com'', The Serj*', 
is always to wear their Side arms, & when not on Duty, 
they have liberty to go in town without applying to the 
Cap*, of y' Day for promission — The CoW was in hopes 
that the Noncommissioned officers & privates would have 
Followed the Example of the officers in having their 
hair Cut Short, & is in Expectation that they will of 
their own accord follow so usefull a fashion, without 
Laying him under the Necessity of Essuing an Order for 
that purpose However some of the Men may Prize & 
Eff aminate Length of hair. Short hair is Certainly better 
for actual Service, & some of the officers has Certainly 
Sacrafis'd as much for the Good of the Service in having 
their hair cut Short as any man can do by having their 
hair cut- 
Orders by Major Scott Jan^ 22'^ day 1778- 
Cap*. Pinckney Lieu*', Smith & Jackson for duty to mor- 
row Lieu* Postell for the Barrack G\ to morrow. Cap*. 
Joor President of the Court L*', Hixt Ling Lavacher & 
Fishburn Members— 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 22': 1778 
Gen'. Orders, Parole Howe— 

Cap*. Dan'. Jackson of Col'. Sumpters Reg*, having Re- 
sin'd his Commission he is no longer to be Considered as 


a Continantal officer — Lieu* Henry White of CoP. 
Sumpters Reg*, having Resignd his Commission he is 
no longer to be Considered as a Continantal officer- 
Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^. 23': 1778 
General Orders Parole Randolph— 
Lieu*, Coil 1'* Lieu*, in Cor. Sumpters Reg*, is promoted 
to be Cap*, in the Same and is to be Obey'd and Respected 
according Lieu*', Hampton and Buckannan 2'^ Lieu*', in 
the Same Regiment is promoted to be first Lieu*', and 
are to be Obey'd and Respected accordingly — 
1 Cap*, 1. Subaltern 2 Serj*'. & 48 Rank & file from the 
1 Reg*, to go on Board the Randolph tomorrow morning 
as was order'd before the Boats will be ready at the 
market wharf for them 

Orders by Major Scott Jan^ 23' day 1778 Captain 
Hyrn Lieu*'. Elliott & Hixt for Guard tomorrow Lieut 
Fishburn for the Barrack Guard tomorrow Cap*. Dray- 
ton Regt\ Cap*, for the day tomorrow 

Regt'. Orders by CoY. Pinckney Jan^ 24*'^ day 1878 A 
Court Martial to sit this Morning for the trial of all Such 
Prisoners as may be brought before them all Witness to 

Orders by Major Scott Jan\ 24"^ day 1778 Cap*. Saun- 
ders Lieu*', Lining & Williamson for Guard tomorrow 
Cap*. Turner Regt^ Cap*, of y' Day to-morrow Lieu*, 
Skirving for y' Barrack Guard tomorrow — Cap*, Turner 
President of the Court Lieu*', Williamson Weatherly 
Smith & Skirving members— Head Quarters Charles 
Town Jan\ 24*'^ day 1778- 
General Orders Parole Bee — 

Orders by Maj The party From Col'. Robertse's Reg*, 
that was order'd for winyaw by water are to repare for 
Haddrells point to Morrow; The Dep*- . Quarter master 
Gen\ will provide them a Waggon for Carrying their 
Baggage, they are then to proceede by land with all 
Possible despatch 


Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 25*': 1778 

Gen\ Orders, Parole Chesnut Hill 

Orders by Major Scott Jan^ 25*': 1778- 
Cattell L*'. Weatherly& Smith for Guard to morrow — 
Cap*. Turner Cap*, of the Day to morrow— L*. Postell for 
the Barrack guard to morrow- 
Orders by Major Scott Jan^. 26*': 1778 
Lieu*'. Jackson & Lavacher for Guard to Morrow— Cap*. 
Venderhorst Regt\ Cap*, for tomorrow— Lieu*. Elliott 
for the Barrack Guard tomorrow Lieu*. Fishburn for 
Prichard Yard to morrow— 

Gen\ Orders by Gen\ Moultrie Jan^'. 27*' 1778 all orders 
by the Brigade major are— Punctually to be Obey'd— 
Gen\ Detail'd to Day 1 Cap*. 2 Subalterns from the 1'* 
Reg*. 1 Cap*. 2 Subalterns from the 6*' Reg*. Detail'd 
for tomorrow 3 Subalterns from the 1'* Reg*. 2 Cap*'. 2 
Subalterns from the 6*'. Reg*, the Cap*', that are Mem- 
bers of the Gen\ Assembly are Exempted from Gen\ 

Eegt\ Orders by CoY. Pinckney Jan^. 27: 1778 as the 
Gen\ has thought proper to Exempt the Cap*', who are 
Members of Assembly from Duty, are Reduced to the 
Necessity without Regt\ Cap*, of the Day the officer of 
the Barrack Guard will therefore give passes to such 
men as he shall think proper to go to town— 
Orders by Major Scott Jan\ 27*' day 1778 Cap*. Turner 
L*. Lining & Elliott for Guard tomorrow — L*. Hixt for 
the Barrack Guard tomorrow— 
Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^. 27*': 1778 
General Orders Parole 

The Detachment that were order'd to hold themselves 
in Readiness to go on Board the arm'd Vessels, are to 
Imbark Imediately Cap*. Blake 1 Subaltern 1 Serjeant 
& 34 Rank & file from the Second Reg*, are to Imbark 
on Board the Gen'. Moultrie, one Subaltern 1 Serj*. & 24 


Rank & file on Board the Fair Amarcan Commanded by 
Cap*. Morgan, 1 Subaltern 1 Serj*. & 15 Rank & file on 
Board the Noterdame Commanded by Cap*. Hall, for this 
Duty Lieu*. Proveaux & Lieu*. Blanyar, who Are to Draw 
lots for the Choice of the 2 Briggs— The Deputy Q M 
Gen\ is to Supply y' D A Gen\ With Forage for 2 horses 
till further Orders— 

Head Quarters Charles Town Jan^ 28*^^ day 1778 
General Orders Parole Georgia 

The Deputy Quarter Master Gen\ is to provide an Iron 
Brand all horses in this State for The Continantal Ser- 
vice with y' Letters 

Orders by Major Scott Same Date Cap*. Theus for 
Duty this day, L*. Williamson & L*. Weatherly for Duty 
tomorrow L*. Smith for the Barrack Guard tomorrow— 
Regt\ Orders by CoP. Pinckney Jan^'. 29*^^ day 1778 Great 
Complaints having Been made to me of The Disorderly 
behaviour of Some of the men in Town Taking nails & 
Iron from the Burns in Town Contrary to the Desire of 
& gainst a Repeated perhibitation of y' Owners, the 
Souldiers are therefore hereby forebid to pick up any 
Thing from the Ruins, or to go amongts them at all Un- 
der the penelty of Being Sevearly Punished, and if the 
CoW heare of any more ill Behviour of the Soldiers in 
Town he will not Grant any of them the Indulgence of 
going there, this order to be read Every morning & 
Evening to the men at rool Call for three Insuing Days— 

Orders by Major Scott same Date Cap*. Venderho*. 
L*. Jackson & L*. Lavacher for Guard to morrow L*. 
Postell for the Barrack Guard tomorrow— 
Gen\ Orders by Gen\ Moultrie Jan^. 29*'^: 1778 a Serj* 
& ten Men that can Rowe are to apply to m'. Righton 
for the Presidents Barge & go in persuit of the prison- 
ers, who made their Escape 2 Nights agoe They are to 
proceed through wapow Cut kewaw & Board Island & 


thereabouts Search the Different Beeches, the party are 
to take with them 2 days provitions & 12 Rounds per 
man, the Prisoners Names Charles Dames, Matthew 
Moffitt, Charles Rails, James Dunkin, Henry McGowan,— 

Orders by CoF. Pinckney Jan\ 30*'^: 1778 

A Court Martial to sit this morning for the trial of all 
Such prisoners as may be brought Before them all Evi- 
dences to attend— 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date Cap*. Drayton 
v. Elliott V. Hixt & L\ Clifford for Duty tomorrow- 
Cap*. Theus president of the Court, L*'. Elliott Hixt Lin- 
ing Members — 

Regt\ Orders by CoP. Pinckney Jan^ 31^*: 17 78 
Alexander Eraser is appointed a 2'^ L*. in the 1'* Reg*, 
and is to be Obey'd as Such he is to act as 2^ Lieu*, in 
Cap*. Drayton's Company the Monthly Returns of the 
Different Companies to be Given in to the Adjutant this 
morning — 

Additional Orders by Cor. Pinckney of the same Date 
A Court martial to sit this morning for the Trial of all 
Such prisoners as shall be Brought Before them all 
Witness to attend — 

Orders by Major Scott of y' Same Date 

Cap*. Turner L*. Lining & L*. Williamson & L*. Frazer 
for Guard tomorrow Cap*. Venderhorst President of 
the Court L*', Williamson Weatherly Smith & Lavacher 

Orders by Major Scott Feb^ : 1^^ day 1778 Cap*. Theus 
L*'. Weatherly Smith & Jackson for Guard tomorrow — 

Orders by Major Scott Feb\ 2': day 1778 

Cap*. Venderhorst L*'. Lavacher Postell & Clifford for 
Duty tomorrow- L*'. Elliott & Postell for the Brigade 
Court Martial Cap*. Drayton president of the Regt\ 
Court Martial, L*'. Hixt Lining Williamson & Lieu*. 
Lavacher Members— 


Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^. 2' day 1178 

General Orders Parole Winsor 

Regt\ Orders by CoW Pinckney Feb^ 3^^: 1778 
A Court Martial to sit this Morning for the Trial of all 
such Prisoners as may be Brought Before them all Wit- 
ness to attend— 

Orders by Cap*. Pinckney of y' Same Date Cap*. Dray- 
ton Lieu*, Hixt Lining L*, Williamson & Lieu*, Weath- 
erly Members of The Regt\ Court martial to Day, L*. 
Jackson For the Brigade Court Martial to Day Lieu*. 
Postell for Duty to morrow Cap*. Drayton L*'. Frazer 
Elliott & Hixt for Duty tomorrow 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^ 3'^: 1778 

General Orders Parole Washington 

Orders by CoW Pinckney February 4*^: 1778 

A Court Martial to set this morning for the Trial of 
all such prisoners as may be brought Before them all 
Evidence to attend— 

Orders by Major Scott February 4*'' day 1778 

Cap*. Turner Lieu*'. Lavacher Lining Skirving & Wil- 
liamson for Duty to morrow— Cap*. Turner President 
of the Court Lieu*'. Postell Smith Williamson & Clifford 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^. 4*^^ day 1778 

Gen\ Orders by Gen\ Moultrie Parole— 

Ordered that the women appointed to the Companies 
in the Reg*', of this State, in Case of Sickness be Con-, 
sider as patients & be admited Into the Gen\ Hospital — 

Orders by Major Scott Feb^\ 5*' day 1778 

Cap*. Theus Lieu*'. Weatherly Smith & Jackson for 
Duty Tomorrow— 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^. 5*'^ day 1778 

Gen\ Orders Parole Parsor 

Lieu*, McGumery of CoF. Sumpters Regiment Having 
Resign'd his Commission is no Longer to be Considered 
as a Continantal officer 


Orders by Major Scott Feb^. G*'^ day 1778— 
Cap* Venderhorst Lieu*, Lavacher Postell & Clifford 
for Duty tomorrow— Lieu*. Lining for the Detachment 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^ 6*^^ day 1778 
General Orders Parole Constitution— 
Orders by Major Scott Feb^ 7*'^ day 1778 
Cap*. Drayton Lieu*'. Elliott Hixt & Williamson for 
Duty tomorrow- 
Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^ 7*'^ day 1778 
Gen\ Orders Parole, Laurance — 
Orders by major Scott Feb^. 8*': 1778— 
Lieu*', Weatherly Smith & Jackson for Duty tomor- 

rtead Quarters Charles Town Feb^'8th: 1778 
Gen\ Orders Parole Rutledge— 
Orders by Major Scott Feb^ 9*^^ day 1778 Cap*. Tur- 
ner Cap*. Theus, Lieu*'. Lavacher Postell & L*. Clifford 
for Duty tomorrow Lieu*. Skirving for Duty this Day — 
Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^ 7*"^ day 1778 Gen\ 
Orders Parole — 

The Centinals over the prisoners of war at the Sugar 
house are not to Suffer any person to Spake to the pris- 
oners at the Gate or through fences the Commanding 
officer of the main G^ is to Send one of his officers at 
Retreat Beating to have all the prisoners Confin'd & 
bring away the key of the prison with him, & Deliver 
it to The Commanding officer of the Guard v/ho is to 
keep it till Next Day Sun Rise when it is to be Delivered 
to the Commissary M\ Ramage who is to take Charge 
of the prisoners & be accountable for them, for the time 
he has the key — 

The officers Relieving the Guard are to be very atten^ 
tive & take perticular notice of the number of prisoners 
left to their Charge as they are accountable for the Same 


Should any prisoners escape the Commanding officer 
orders that he should be made acquainted of it as soon 
as Discover'd 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb% 10*^ 1778 Gen\ 

Orders Parole 

The Detachment from CoF. Thomsons Reg*, is to do duty 
with the 1'* & 6"' Reg*'. Beginning Next Thursday the 
officers of the Detachment are to apply to the Brigade 
Major for Gen\ Orders ever since the 1'* & Sixth Reg*'. 
Did duty together & punctually to Observe them — 

one Subaltern 1 Serj*. & 15 Rank & file to hold them- 
selves in Readiness to march to George Town on Thurs- 
day next to Conduct Some Prisoners of war from thence 
to Charles-Town — the officer who Commands this De- 
tachment is to be very Caref ull that no prisoners Escape 
from them as they will be accountable for them, this 
party is to be provided with 12 Rounds per man — 

Orders by Major Scott Same Date Cap*. Theus Presi- 
dent of the Court martial Lieu*'. Weatherly Smith 
Jacks & Skirving Members Lieu*. Williamson for the 
Prichard Guard to day 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^ 11*': 1778 

General Orders Parole Georgia — 

2 Boatsmen to be aded to the Gen^'. Boats Crew to go 
to Beauf ord to assist m'. Deharty in Bringing the States 
Galleys to Stono, the Boats crew is to be provided with 
4 Days provitions, the Dep*^, Quarter Master Gen\ is to 
Distribute the Rooms to the Troops now in Barracks in 
proportion to the number of officers & men Belonging 
to the Several Corps, the party That is Ordered for 
George Town tomorrow is to take 4 Days provisions 
with them & apply to y' Commissary to Supply them on 
their Return to Town— 

The Commissary over y' prisoners of war is to order 
the prisoners to be provided with provisions on their 
march to Town 

Orders by Major Scott Feb^ 11*^ 1778— 

Cap*. Venderhorst & L*'. Weatherly for Duty Tomor- 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.] 


Thomas Means, who came to South CaroKna a few 
years after the Revolution, was a son of John and 
Isabella (Harper) Means, of Boston, Mass., and was born 
February 14, 1767.' His father died in Boston April 1, 
1789, aged 72, and his mother died in South Carolina 
October 10, 1793, aged 64.'^ He married Sarah Milling' 
(born Nov. 12, 1773; died May 20, 1816) in March, 1789, 
and died September 1, 1828. 

^Compiled by A. S. Salley, Jr., from records furnished by David 
Harper Means, Esq., of Columbia, S. C. 

^The children of John and Isabella (Harper) Means were: 

Isaac, h. May 22, 1748. 

Martha, h. June 23, 1751. 

Mary, 6. Oct. 20, 1753; m. Aramanus Lyles. 

Rebecca, 6. March 2, 1756; d. Dec, 1832. 

John, 6. July 13, 1758; m. Mary MiUing. 

Samuel, 6. Nov. 14, 1760; d. in Boston Aug. 25, 1779. 

Sarah, 6. March 1, 1763; d. in Boston April 11, 1784. 

Thomas, 6. April 10, 1765; d. Dec. 10, 1765. 

Thomas, 6. Feb. 14, 1767. (Above.) 

Jacob, h. Sept. 25, 1769; d. Nov. 14, 1774. 

Isabella, h. Feb. 7, 1772. 

Robert, 6. March 24, 1774; m. Mary Hutson Barnv^ell. (See Vol. II. 
of this magazine, p. 55.) 

•^See her tombstone. Means burying ground, Buckhead plantation, 
Fairfield County, S. C. 

^Daughter of David and Sarah (Burney) Milling and sister of Capt. 
Hugh Milling of the South Carohna Line, Continental Establishment, 
in the Revolution. David Milling died Nov. 29, 1778, aged 32, as shown 
by a mourning ring in possession of Mrs. Allen Bluitt, of Brooksville, 

THOMAS MEANS (1767-1828). 




32 I. Benjamin Hart Means, b. Aug. 11, 1833. 

33 II. Mary Hart Means, 6. Feb. 10, 1835; m. her 

first cousin, Thomas Coalter Means (17). 

34 III. Robert Thomas Means, b. May 12, 1836; d. 

unm. Nov. 21, 1857. 

35 IV. Claudia Sarah Means, 6. Nov. 8, 1838; d unm. 

Nov. 23, 1857. 

36 V. Eliza Heron Means, 6. Feb. 28, 1840; m., Sept. 

20, 1860, Julius R. Poellnitz; d. Aug. 20, 
1865. (Issue.) 

37 VI. Eugenia Myddelton Means, 6. Nov. 9, 1842; 

d. unm. May 4, 1864. 

38 VII. Harriet Jane Milling Means, b. March 8, 1846; 

m., Feb. 19, 1866, Waller Redd Preston, of 
Montgomery, Va.; d, March 24, 1869. (Two 
children who lived but a few hours each.) 


William Burney Means [Thomas'], born November 
5, 1807; left the South Carolina College a senior in 1827; 
married. May 24, 1831, Martha Sarah Howell, of Colum- 
bia; was a planter; removed to DeSoto Parish, La.; died 
September 4, 1857. 

39 I. Martha Sarah Means, 6. Aug. 17, 1832; d, 

Sept. 27, 1832. 

40 11. William Burney Means, b. Aug. 29, 1833; was 

a junior at S. C. Col. in 1855; d. Feb. 14, 

41 III. James Taylor Means. 

42 IV. Julius Howell Means, b. Jan. 29, 1840; died 

in Richmond, from wounds received in the 
battle of Malvern Hill, July 24, 1862. 

43 V. Isaac Means, b. June 16, 1841; d. July 8, 1841.* 

*There was also a son, Thomas Taylor Means, who died in infancy, 
and a daughter, Mary Taylor, who married Benjamin Marshall and 
died leaving three children surviving. 

JOHN HUGH MEANS (1812-1862). 
In the uniform of a Colonel in the Confederate Army. 




John Hugh Means [Thomas], born August 18, 1812; 
was graduated from the South CaroHna College with the 
degree of A. B, in 1832; married, January 24, 1833, Susan 
Rebecca Stark; was sometime brigadier-general of 
South Carolina militia; was elected governor of South 
Carolina in December, 1850, serving to December, 1852; 
was a member of and president of the "Cooperation" 
Convention of 1852; was for many years and up to his 
death a member of the Board of Visitors of the South 
Carolina Military Academy; was a member of the ''Se- 
cession" Convention from Fairfield District and a signer 
of the Ordinance of Secession; was colonel of the 17th 
Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, Confederate 
States Provisional Army, from its organization and was 
mortally wounded at the second battle of Manassas, 
August 30, 1862, and died on the 1st of September.^ 


44 I. Robert Stark Means. 

45 II. Emma Sarah Means, d. unm., Dec. 10, 1860, 

aged 18. 

^" Among the killed were the gallant Col. J. H, Means of the 
Seventeenth Regt. S. C. Volunteers, and Col. J. M. Gadberry, of the 
18th Regt. 

These brave men were shot down while nobly leading their regi- 
ments into action. Col . Gadberry was killed instantly. Col. Means 
(mortally wounded) survived two days. It is but justice to the mem- 
ory of these noble and gallant officers to mention my appreciation of 
their valuable S3rvices. Col. Means though much advanced in years 
ever exhibited the energy of youth in battling our ruthless foe and 
devoting his whole ability to our sacred cause. His death fully ex- 
emplifies devotion to his country." — From report of Brig. Gen. N. G. 
Evans, Official Records of Union and Confederate Armies, Series I. 
Vol, III., Part 2, p. 629. 



David Coalter Means [David Harper,^ Thomas^], 
born January 14. 1825; was a physician and planter in 
in Fairfield District; married, May 20, 1857, Elizabeth 
Mobley; d. March 15, 1876. 


46 I. Robert Harper Means. 

47 11. David Coalter Means. 

48 III. Marion Mobley Means. 

(Other children died in infancy.*) 


Isaac Hugh Means [David Harper-, Thomas^], born 
September 16, 1826; was graduated frem the South Car- 
olina College with the degree of A. B. in 1846; was a 
planter in Fairfield District; married, March 8, 1854, 
AHce Hagood (1835-1886), daughter of Dr. J. 0. Hagoodt; 
was Secretary of State, 1858-1862; was Commissioner in 
Equity for Fairfield District, 1862-1865; was captain, 
quartermaster of the 17th Regiment, S. C. V.; removed 
to Columbia in 1887; was Librarian of the South Caro- 
lina College, 1888-1898; died February 25, 1898. 


49 L David Harper Means, h. March 31, 1856; 

was grad. from S. C. Col. in 1893 with de- 
gree of LL.B. and was admitted to the Bar 
the same day. General Agent of Public 
Lands and Chief Clerk of the Commission- 
ers of the Sinking Fund of South Carolina. 

50 11. James Hagood Means. 

*Thomas Coalter, h. Feb. 22, 1858; Frances Margaret, 6. July, 1849; 
James Mobley. 

tAnd sister of Gen. Johnson Hagood, governor of South Carolina, 


51 III. Maria Cornelia Means, 6. Aug. 15, 1866; m.. 

May 9, 1901, S. Pinckney Miller, of North 
Carolina. (No surviving issue.) 

52 IV. Eloise Butler Means, 6. Sept. 10, 1867; d unm. 

Sept. 4, 1903. 

53 , V. Caroline Jane Nott Means, b. April 24, 1872; 

m. Rev. R. S. Latimer, of Alabama; d. May 

2, 1903. (Issue.) 

(Other children died in infancy.*) 


Edward John Means [David Harper^ Thomas'], born 
February 10, 1831, m., April 18, 1860, Martha J. Mc- 
Pheeters; sometime captain in the 6th Regiment, S. C. V., 
C. S. P. A., and then served as 1st Lieutenant in the 
Confederate States Navy until the close of the war; d. 
March 28, 1877. His widow removed to Natchez, Miss. 


54 I. Fannie A. Means. ] 

55 11. Martha Means. > Surviving. 

56 III. Gabriella Means. ) 

57 IV. John Coalter Means, a pharmacist, who d. 

58. V. Maria Means, d. unm. 

(Another daughter, Sarah Trotti, m. Mr. 
Curry, a Mississippi River cotton planter.) 

*Robert Harper, b. July 10, 1860; d. Jan. 22, 1861; Sarah Frances, 
6. Sept. 25, 1861; d. Oct. 14, 1861; Julia Indiana, b. Sept. 1, 1863; d. 
Oct. 10, 1863; Johnson Hagood, 6. March 5, 1865; d. Aug. 12, 1865; 
Frances Coalter, 6. Oct. 21, 1868; d. Aug. 7, 1869; Mary Eugenia, b. 
Jan. 21, 1870; d. June 16, 1870; Alice Lee, 6. March 12, 1871; d. July 
31, 1871; Julia Bates, b. May 5, 1874; d Sept. 5, 1874. 



Beverly William Means [David Harper', Thomas'], 
born May 12, 1833; left the junior class of the South 
Carolina College in 1852 and completed his education at 
Harvard; became a lawyer and was sometime Librarian 
of the South Carolina College; married, April 4, 1861, 
Jane Porcher DuBose; was sergeant major of the 6th 
Regiment, S. C. V., and was mortally wounded at Seven 
Pines, dying in the hands of the enemy, June 1, 1862. 


59 I. Frances Beverly Means, b. in Sept., 1862; m. 

Dr. Theodore M. DuBose. (Issue.) 


Benjamin Hart Means [Edward^ Thomas'], born 
August 11, 1833; married, September 3, 1857, Mary 
Pope Strother (d July 11, 1883); removed to Texas and 
resides now at Dallas. 


60 I. John Strother Means, b. July 11, 1858. 

61 II. Claudia Sarah Means; b. Dec, 1859; d. in 


62 III. William Burney Means, d at 21. 

63 IV. Edward Means, b. March 26, 1866. 

64 V. Thomas Coalter Means, b. April, 1872. 

65 VI. Kate Leslie Means, d. at 6. | m ,- 
m VII. A dau. d. day of birth. [ ^^^^^' 

67 VIIL Harriet Preston Means, b. Oct. 14, 1874; w., 

Sept. 6, 1903, Ralph Smith, of Spartanburg 

68 IX. Robert Bruce Preston Means, b. January 3, 


69 X. Mary Hart Means, d. at six months. 


James Taylor Means [William Burney', Thomas'], 
born June 22, 1836; married Ida Augusta Hogan (d. July 
30, 1880); resides in DeSoto Parish, La. 


70 I. Julius Howell Means, b. July 8, 1861. 

71 II. William Burney Means, 6. July 24, 1863; m., 

Feb. 11, 1905, Alice Long. (No issue.) 

72 III. Benjamin Hogan Means, b. July 6, 1865. 

73 IV. James Taylor Means, 6. Jan. 2, 1867. 

74 V. John Coalter Means, 6. Oct. 8, 1868. 

75 VI. Mary Means, 6. Oct. 10, 1870; m. Allen R. 

Roach. (Issue.) 

76 VII. Paul de Vane Means, 6. Dec. 17, 1872. 

77 VIII. Thomas King Means, 6. April 19, 1874. 

78 IX. David Beverly Means, b. Feb. 17, 1876. 

79 X. Annie Means, b. May 21, 1878; m., June 8, 

1901, Thomas S. Winges, of Texas. (Issue.) 

80 XL Lula Means. ) m_. , 

81 XII. Ida Means, j ^^'^^• 


Robert Stark Means [John Hugh^, Thomas^], born 
December 10, 1833; married, August 26, 1856, Virginia 
Ann Emily Preston (b. January 11, 1834), daughter of 
Col. Robert Taylor and Mary (Hart) Preston^, of Vir- 
ginia; was major of the 17th Regiment, S. C. V., and, 
upon the death of his father in 1862, was promoted 
lieutenant-colonel thereof; died June 20, 1874. 

^Col. Robert T. Preston was a son of Governor James Patton Pres- 
ton, of Virginia, and was born May 26, 1811, and died June 20, 1881. 
His wife, Mary Hart, was a daughter of Major Benjamin Hart and 
Mary Salley, his wife, and a sister of Claudia, wife of Edward 
Means (8). 



82 I. Robert Preston Means. 

83 II. Sallie Stark Means, b. Jan. 6, 1860; d, Dec. 

30, 1861. 

84 III. Mary Hart Means, b. Feb. 21, 1861; d. Aug. 

17, 1861. 

85 IV. John Hugh Means, b. Oct. 16, 1863; is an 

expert iron manufacturer having charge of 
furnaces in Virginia, Alabama, Canada and 
elsewhere. Residence: Pueblo, Colorado. 

86 V. Emma Stark Means, b. Nov. 27, 1865; d. 

same day. 

87 VI. Ballard Preston Means, b. January 2, 1867; 

d same day. 

88 VII. Courtney Hanson Means, 6. April 21, 1868; 

d Feb. 25, 1877. 


Robert Harper Means [David Coalter^, David Har- 
per^, Thomas^], married Minnie Pettigrew, of Fairfield 


89 I. Barton Means. 

90 11. Butler Means. 

91 III. Annie Means. 


James Hagood Means [Isaac Hugh^ David Harper', 
Thomas^], born January 23, 1858; married, November 
21, 1889, Emma Wright, of Spartanburg. 


92 I. James Hagood Means, 6. Aug. 29, 1890. 

93 II. Alice Hagood Means, 6. March 27, 1893. 

94 III. Margaret Hill Means, b. Oct. 8, 1895. 


Julius Howell Means [James Taylor^ William Bur- 
ney^, Thomas^] born July 8, 1861; married Bettie Linson, 
of Louisiana. 

95 ' I. Edith Means. 

96 il. James Linson Means. 

97 in. Ida Etta Means. 

98 IV. William Burney Means. 

99 V. Julius Howell Means. 

100 VI. Annie Delle Means. 

101 VII. Benjamin Hogan Means. 

102 VIII. Paul David Means. 


Benjamin Hogan Means [James Taylor^, William 
Burney^, Thomas^, born July 6, 1865; married^ February 
25, 1902, Emma Garben. 

103 I. H. Perkins Means. 


James Taylor Means [James Taylor^ William Bur- 
ney^, Thomas^], born January 2, 1767; married, Decem- 
ber 11, 1895, Delle Bonner, of Texas. 

104 I. Gladys Means. 

105 II. Meta Paris Means. 


John Coalter Means [James Taylor^ William Bur- 
ney^, Thomas^], born October 8, 1868; married, October, 
1893, Stella Gertrude Bonner, of Tufkin, Texas. 



106 I. Ethel Bonner Means. 

107 II. James Frank Means. 

108 III. John Coalter Means. 


Paul de Vane Means [James Taylor^ WilHam Bur- 
ney^ Thomas^], born December 17, 1872; married, No- 
vember 6, 1902, Maria Marshall Furman, of Louisiana. 

109 I. Henry Furman Means. 

110 II. Martha Scrimzeour Means. 


Robert Preston Means [Robert Stark^, John Hugh^, 

Thomas^], born July 17, 1857; married December 21, 

1886, Sarah Palmer, daughter of Col. William H. Palmer, 

of Richmond, Va.; is a banker in Birmingham, Alabama. 


111 I. Virginia Preston Palmer, 6. Dec. 9, 1887. 


Date of Gen. Gregg's Birth.— The encyclopaedias 
and biographical sketches of Brigadier General Maxcy 
Gregg dp not give the exact date of his birth and most 
of them give the wrong year. From family records it 
is learned that he was born August 1, 1815. 

Bounty Grants to Revolutionary Soldiers.— The 
following is an index to the bounty grants to Revolu- 
tionary soldiers (Continentals) recorded in the fourth 
volume of Bounty Grants in the office of Secretary of 

Adams, Andrew, 314, 481. 
Adams, Ezekiel, 66. 
Amick, Conrad, 463. 
Anderson, David, 69. 
Arnold, Edward, 522. 
Artis, John, 294. 
Askins, George, 68. 
Atterson, John, 67. 
Bailey, Joseph, 457. 
Baker, Caleb, 415. 
Baker, Capt. Jesse, 15. 
Baker, Capt. Richard Bo- 

hun, 161. 
Barnett, John, 378. 
Barr, Jacob, 264, 368; as 

heir-at-law to John Barr, 

Beal, William, 244. 
Beekman, Col. Barnard, 

Beekman, Lieut. Samuel, 

Begley, Sergt. John, 174. 
Bennet, Arthur, 373. 
Bhurrer, Michael, 391. 
Blackmore, George, 91. 

Blackwell, Daniel, 284. 

Blackwell, Zachariah, Jr., 
heir-at-law to Daniel 
Blackwell, Jr., 315. 

Blair, Wade, 107. 

Blenefeld, James, 307. 

Booth, George, 489. 

Booth, John, 492. 

Booth, Matthew, 495. 

Bottle, Robert, 70. 

Bowen, Thomas, 860. 

Bowie, Capt. John, 16; as 
executor of Hugh Kirk- 
wood, 28. 

Bowling, James, 442. 

Bradley, James, 42. 

Bradwell, Lieut. Nathaniel, 

Bremar, Muster Master 
Francis, 189, 274, 329. 

Britt, Richard, 445. 

Britt, Thomas, 438. 

Brooks, Roger, 470. 

Brooner, Adam, 443. 

Brough, George, 27. 

Brough, James, 22. 


Brown, Andrew, 362. 
Brown, Capt. Benjamin, 148. 
Brown, Lieut. Charles, 159. 
Brown, Dennis, 462-. 
Brown, William, 400. 
Brunston, Jacob, 312. 
Buchanan, Benjamin, 247, 

Buchanan, James, Sr., 94. 
Buchanan, James, 346, 383. 
Buchanan, Capt. John, 41. 
Buchanan, Robert, 109. 
Budd, Capt. John Shivers, 

Bunch, John, 245. 
Burbage, John, 356. 
Burbage, Jonathan, 382. 
Burbage, William, 370. 
Burton, William, 361. 
Bush, John, 304. 
Caldwell, James, 426. 
Caldwell, John, 468, 472, 

Caldwell, Capt. William, 

Campbell, John, 111. 
Campbell, Thomas, 379. 
Carne, Deputy Apothecary 

John, 536, 537. 
Carter, Benjamin, 506, 509, 

Carter, James, 510. 
Castello, James, 535. 
Chambless, Peter, 273. 
Chapman, Robert, 480. 
Chapman, William, 477. 
Chavers, John, 76. 
Clappard, John, 224. 
Clark, Gideon, 77. 
Clark, John, 85. 
Clarke, Thomas, 539. 
Clemmons, John, 416. 

Colter, William, 309. 

Constantine, William, heir- 
at-law to Cornelius Con- 
stantine, 488. 

Cook, John, 292. 

Cooper, Ezekiel, 434. 

Cooper, William, 404. 

Cooper, William, Jr., 406. 

Coram, Lieut. Robert, S. C. 
N., 211. 

Coutch, James, 435. 

Craslin, Samuel, 65. 

Crossley, George, 420. 

Crowley, Capt. Charles, S. 
C. ISF., 73. 

Currell, John, 186. 

Daveys, John, 24. 

Davis, Capt. Harman, 92. 

Davis, Robert, 527. 

Davis, William, 178. 

D'ElHent, Major Andrew, 

deSaussure, Henry William, 
heir-at-law to Lt. Louis 
deSaussure, 205. 

de St. Marie, Capt. Lava- 
cher, 132. 

Denton, Reuben, 50. 

Develin, James, 455. 

Donnom, Capt. William,146. 

Douglass, Thomas, 471. 

D'Oyley, Lieut. Daniel, 162. 

Drayton, Capt. Stephen, 
Quarter Master General 
of the Southern Depart- 
ment of the United 
States, 40. 

Driggs, Devereaux, 173. 

Duffield, Anthony, 290. 

Dunbar, Thomas, 289. 

Dunlap, Robert, 240. 

Earle, Lieut. Samuel, 89. 



Edmiston, David, 324. 

Edmunds, David, 180. 

Elliott, Capt. Barnard, 126. 

Elliott, Benjamin, 250. 

English, John, 242. 

Esom, John, 181. 

Fail, WilHam, heir of Wil- 
liam Fail, 484. 

Farmer, William, 417. 

Farrar, Capt. Field, 49. 

Farrar, Lieut. Thomas, 38. 

Fatheree, Benjamin, 237. 

Fayssoux, Surgeon Gen- 
eral Peter, 158. 

Feast, James, 51. 

Ferguson, Artemas Elliott, 
411, 450. 

Fields, Abraham, 239. 

Fields, Capt. James, 154. 

Finney, James, 286. 

Finney, John, 436. 

Finney, Michael, 433. 

Finson, Peter, 64. 

Fitzgerald, Lieut. Thomas, 
S. C. N., 134. 

Flagg, Surgeon Henry Col- 
lins, 48. 

Fleek, John, 116. 

Forbis, Patrick, 429. 

Forbis, William, 431. 

Eraser, Alexander, 485. 

Freeman, Lucy, widow of 
Henry Freeman, 236. 

Frierson, John, 323. 

Frost, Jacob, 530. 

Gadsden, Capt. Thomas, 53. 

Gamble, Sergeant, 172. 

Gamboll, John, 193. 

G a m m n d, Christopher, 

Garlington, Christopher, 

Garret, Abraham, 232. 
Gaston, Robert, 302. 
Gates, Christian, 465. 
George, Edward, 528. 
George, Jacob, 520, 
Giles, Major Thomas, 303. 
Gillett, Surgeon Aaron, 

292, 311. 
Gilliam, Joshua, 421. 
Gillon, Commodore Alex- 
ander, S. C. N., 163, 164. 
Glozar, Nicholas, 300. 
Goodwyn, Capt. John, 52, 
Goodwyn, Capt. Uriah, 14. 
Gordon, Nathaniel, 122, 

Gore, James, 288. 
Gossling, George, 345. 
Goulden, Reuben, 486. 
Graves, Mary, heir of 

Stephen Copeland, 523. 
Gray, Capt. Peter, 93. 
Grayson, Lieut. John, 209. 
Griffin, Gideon, 233. 
Griffin, Lewis, son and heir 

of Lewis Griffin, Sr., 317. 
Griffin, Morgan, 263. 
Grimke, Lt.-Col. John Fau- 

cheraud, 2. 
Grisham, Major, 354, 369, 

Grooms, Gilbert, 112. 
Grouter, Jesse, 114. 
Groves, William, 444. 
Gruber, Philip, Sr, 343. 
Gunter, Henry, 268, 447. 
Hackel, Frederick, 266. 
Haddow, Sarah, widow of 

Isaac Haddow, 241. 
Hagan, James, 248. 
Hair, Matthew, 130. 


Hale, Thomas, 206. 

Hall, Mary Anne, widow 

and heir-at-law of John 

Hall, Assistant Quarter 

Master General, 334. 
Hall, Reuben, 376, 384. 
Hall, Silvia, 358. 
Halley, Isham, 367. 
Hallum, Thomas, 430. 
Hamilton, James, Sr., 25. 
Hamilton, James, Jr., 26. 
Hamilton, Lieut, and Adjt. 

John. 127. 
Hamilton, John, 46. 
Hammenger, James, 125. 
Handley, John, 124. 
Hannah, William, 123. 
Harleston, Major Isaac, 4. 
Harper, James, 499. 
Harrison, John, 130. 
Hart, Capt. John, 210. 
Hayrne, John, 270. 
Hazle, Henry, 440. 
Hazzard, Lieut. William, 

Heard, Charles, 503, 517. 
Henderson, Col. William, 

Henderson, William, 196, 

320, 460. 
Hext, Capt. William, 135. 
Heyren, Frederick, 478. 
Hill, John, 308. 
Hinson, Jesse, 398. 
Hinson, William, Sr., 371. 
Hinson, William, 396. 
Hogskiss, Samuel, 82. 
Holland, Dominico, 72. 
Holland, John, 71. 
Hollem, William, 387. 
Hollem, William, Jr., 230. 
Horner, Isaac, 412. 

Horry, Col. Peter, 105. 
Huger, Brig. Gen. Isaac, 8, 

Huggins, Ensign Benjamin, 

Huggins, John, 359; as heir 

of Andrew, 243; as heir 

of James Huggins, 469. 
Huggins, William, 399. 
Humphrey, John, 129. 
Hunt, John, 318, 381. 
Hunter, John, 128. 
Hutto, Henry, 479. 
Hyrne, Henry, 515. 
Imhoff, Capt. John Lewis 

Peyer, 156. 
Jackson, John, 427. 
Jeffers, Allen, 266. 
Jeffers, George, 185. 
Johnson, Timothy K., 487. 
Johnston, Robert, 260. 
Johnston, William, 422. 
Jones, Benjamin, 219. 
Jones, Lieut. Richard, 157. 
Jones, William, 286. 
Joyner, John, 296, 297. 
Joyner, Samuel, 408. 
Justice, John, Sr., 353, 372. 
Justice, John, Jr., 363. 
Kaltiesen, Capt. Michael, 

Keith, John, 533. 
Keller, Frederick, 532. 
Kelley, William, 260. 
Kelley, Woodford, 319. 
Kennedy, Lieut. James, 19. 
Kilgore, James, 464, 466; 

as heir-at-law of his 

brother Henry Kilgore, 

Kilson, George, 118. 



King, Christopher, 256. 

King, Frederick, 534. 

Knox, Archibald, 524. 

Kolb, Josiah, 395. 

Lacey, Capt. Joshua, 339. 

Ladson, Abraham, executor 
of Capt. Joseph Elliott, 

Langf ord, Daniel, 390. 

Lassiter, Thaddeus, 305. 

Legare, Lieut. James, 120. 

Leggett, Elias, 285'. 

Leonard, Lochlin, 432. 

Liddell, Capt. George, 13. 

Lining, Capt. Charles, 55. 

Livingston, Moses, 344. 

Lloyd, Lieut. Benjamin, 

Lloyd, Lieut. Edward, 139. 

Lockhart, Charles, 81. 

Logan, Alexander, 321. 

Logan, David, 320*. 

Logan, John, 235; as heir- 
at-law, of Thomas Logan, 

Loghman, Charles, 280. 

Loghman, John, 281. 

Long, Mary, widow of Sol- 
omon Long, 255. 

Looney, Robert, 56. 

Lott, William, 80. 

Loumber, John, 57. 

Lowerman, John, 514. 

Lowry, Matthew, 283. 

Lowry, Thomas, 407. 

Luney, John, 267. 

Malpas, Ezekiel, 190. 

Marion, Lt. Col. Francis^ 

Marston, Lieut. Nathaniel, 
S. C. N., 168. 

Martin, Surgeon James, 21. 

Martin, John, 87. 

Martin, Capt. Lewis D., 331. 

Martin, Martin, 451, 452, 

453, 454, 456. 
Martin, Norman, 169. 
Martin, Rachel, widow of 

James Martin, 259, 262. 
Martin, William, 86. 
Maskall, Capt. Thomas, 143. 
Mason, George, 231. 
Mason, William, heir-at-law 

of Capt. Richard Mason, 

340, 355. 
Mason, James, Jr., heir-at- 
law to his brother, Lieut. 

Luke Mayson, 335. 
Mazyck, Capt. Daniel, 195. 
Mazyck, Lieut. Stephen, 

McBeth, George, 31. 
McBride, John, 250. 
McCree, John, 170. 
McDonald, Archibald, 541. 
McElwee, James, 221: 
McFaren, Andrew, 521. 
McFarling, Andrew, 392. 
McGee, John, 144. 
McGowan, James, 301. 
McGown, James, 265. 
McGrew, Peter, 385. 
McGuire, Elijah, 410. 
McGuire, Merry, 374, 375. 
McKain, Peter, 246. 
McKee, John, 418. 
McKelvey, Robert, 313, 333. 
McKinney, Roger, Jr., heir 

of Roger McKinney, Sr., 

McKinney, Timothy, 518. 
McMahan, John, 458. 
McMahan, Luke, heir to 

Daniel McMahan, 253. 


McMahan, Peter, 381. 

McMurray, William, 377. 

Miller, Adam, 213. 

Miller, William, heir to 
Philip Miller 228. 

Milligan, Capt. Jacob, S. C. 
N., 33. 

Milling, Capt. Hugh, 58. 

Mills, Gilbert, 419. 

Mills, John, 459. 

MisCampbell, Lieut. Rob- 
ert, 278. 

Mitchell, Major Ephraim, 
5, 27, as administrator of 
John Francis Gorget, 187; 
as administrator of John 
Gilbank, 191; as adminis- 
trator of Lieut. Philip 
Frederick Van Platen, 

Mitchell, Capt. James, 17, 
in trust for the heirs of 
Capt. William Mitchell, 

Moore, Alexander, 176. 

Moore, Capt. Henry, 75; in 
trust for the heirs of 
Capt. James Wilson, 74. 

Moore, Capt. John, 200. 

Moore, Thomas, 215. 

Morrow, John, 482, 483. 

Morrow, Matthew, 508. 

Morrow, Robert, 513. 

Motte, Major Charles, heirs 
of, 147. 

Moultrie, Major General 
William, 1. 

Mulcaster, John, 166. 

Mulhering, Charles, Sr., 

Mulhering, Charles, Jr., 474. 

Murphey, Michael, 516. 

Murphey, Edward, 293. 

Myrick, William, 88. 

Neal, Benjamin, 252. 

Neal, James, 467. 

Nevin, James, 151. 

Newson, Benjamin, 151. 

Nicholas, Charles, 30. 

Nicholson, John, 63. 

Nixon, Hugh Alexander, 

Nixon, John, 91. 

Norris, Daniel, 269. 

Norris, Thomas, 511. 

Norwood, John, heir-at- 
law of David Norwood, 

Norwood, Samuel, 222. 

Norwood, Theophilus, 402. 

O'Brian, Dennis, 217. 

Ogier, Lieut. George, 218. 

Ogier, Capt. Lewis, 364. 

Oliphant, Dr. David, Direc- 
tor General of the Hos- 
pital of the Southern De- 
partment of the United 
States, 35. 

Oliver, Elizabeth, heir of 
Samuel Oliver, 357. 

Oliver, Samuel, 226. 

Parsons, Capt. William, 287. 

Paul, William, for his son 
who died in service, 167, 

Peacock, Robert, 350. 

Pinckney, Brig. General 
Charles Cotesworth, 9. 

Pinckney, Major Thomas, 

Pitts, John, 519. 

Pollard, Capt. Richard, 13. 

Potter, Ephraim, 531. 

Powell, Jacob, 449, 



Powell, Mark, 171. 

Powell, Thomas, 34. 

Poyas, Surgeon John Er- 
nest, 45. . 

Price, Elijah, 14. 

Prince, Robert, 282; as heir- 
at-law of Lieut. Thomas 
Prince, 39. 

Proveaux, Capt, Adrian, 

Purcell, Rev. Henry, Chap- 
lain, 141. 

Purkey, Henry, 441. 

Ramsey, Surgeon Joseph 
Hall, 201. 

Reeves, Burgess, 538. 

Richards, Mary, 192. 

Richardson, Richard, 326, 

Riddle, WilHam, 437. 

Riddle,Winiam Powell, 316. 

Roberts, Capt. Richard 
Brooke, 12, heir-at-law of 
Col. Owen Roberts, 142. 

Robertson, James, 78. 

Rogers, Alexander, 272. 

Russell, Lieut. Thomas 
Commander, 18. 

Salter, Jacob, 352. 

Sanders, John, 380. 

Sansom, Jean, 448. 

Saxon, James, 389. 

Saxon, Samuel, 234. 

Saxon, William, 249. 

Scarff, Joseph, 212. 

Scott, James, 276, 348. 

Scott, Lt. Col. William, 101. 

Scurlock, William, 223. 

Sebley, John, 504. 

Sebley, William, 505. 

Shaddon, David, 424. 

Shearer, Michael, 428. 

Shubrick, Capt. Jacob, 136. 
Shubrick, Richard, 100. 
Shubrick, Major Thomas, 

Skelton, John, 99. 
Slaiter, George, 96. 
Slaitor, John, Jr., 117. 
Slaitor, Levy, 95. 
Smith, Lieut. Aaron, 61. 
Smith, Andrew, 423. 
Smith, Catherine, heir of 

James Smith, 220. 
Smith, Ezekiel, 36. 
Smith, Hugh, Grant Book 

A 5, 274. 
Smith, John, 37, 494. 
Smith, Major John Carra- 

way, 108. 
Smith, Margaret, 251. 
Smith, William, 261, 490. 
Spence, John, 29. 
Spence, Robert, 349. 
Sprague, Captain's Clerk 

William, S. C. N., 177. 
Springer, Surgeon's Mate 

Sylvester, 342. 
Stallon, Major, 60. 
Steele, Charles, 298. 
Stephens, Jesse, 500. 
Stevens, Capt. Jervis Hen- 
ry, 191. 
Stevens, Joseph, 299, 306, 

Stevens, Surgeon William 

Smith, 43. 
Stewart, Jeremiah, 115. 
Stone, Reuben, 446. 
Storrer, Henry, 238. 
Stripland, William, 403. 
Sunn, Surgeon Frederick, 

Sutton, John, 295. 


Switzer, Henry, 496, 497. 

Swords, James, 97. 

Swords, John, 183. 

Swords, William, 229. 

Tappar, William, 409. 

Tate, Capt. William, 7. 

Tatum, Christopher, 493. 

Taylor, John, 401. 

Taylor, Major Samuel, 6. 

Teague, John, 271. 

Temple, Jacob, 526. 

Temple, Peter, 529. 

Theus, Capt. Simeon, 145. 

Thomas, Dempsey, 325. 

Thomas, William, 258. 

Thompson, John, 257. 

Thuston, Thomas, 175. 

Tomerlain, Thomas, 275. 

Towles, Capt. Oliver, 153. 

Tucker, Thomas Tudor, 

Turner, Eleazer, 79. 

Turner, Major George, 47. 

Turner, Joseph, 104. 

Vander Horst, Major John, 

Volvoy, John, 461. 

Waddle, James, 179. 

Walker, Joseph, 113. 

Ward, Frederick, 332; as 
son and heir-at-law to 
Richard Ward, 337; as 
brother and heir-at-law 
of Daniel' Ward, 338. 

Ward, Lieut. John Peter, 

Ward, Lieut. William, 160. 
Ware, James, 397. 
Warley, Major Felix, 10; 

as administrator of Major 

Joseph Warley, 62. 
Warley, Capt. George, 11, 
Warnock, John, 414. 
Warren, Samuel, 336. 
Weaver, Capt. Thomas, 155. 
Weitzell, Surgeon John, 23. 
Whitaker, Richard, 310. 
White, Lieut. Thomas, S. 

C. N., 133. 
Whittington, Bartholomew, 

491; as heir-at-law of 

John Parrot, 540. 
Whittington, Burwell, 502. 
Wickley, Capt. John, 106. 
Williams, Isaac, 182. 
Williams, John, 110, 507. 
Williams, Joseph, 413. 
Willson, William, 294. 
Wilson, Henry, 476. 
Winn, Minor, 199. . 
Wise, Major Samuel, 152. 
Withers, John, 525. 
Wood, Benjamin, 216. 
Wood, Francis, 425. 
Wood, WilHam, 184, 393. 
Yarborough, Lewis, 188. 
Yarborough, William, 194. 
Young, John, 279. 

A bounty grant to Robert Johnston is recorded on 
page 260 of Volume 7 of the books for citizens' grants. 
A marginal note calling attention to the error was en- 
tered there by Peter Freneau, Secretary of State, No- 
vember 4, 1788. The name is also indexed in the fourth 
volume of Bounty Grants as in Vol. 7. 


The Seals of South Carolina.— South Carolina was 
never a colony.^ Carolina was established as a proprie- 
tary province before a single white settlement was 
effected upon its soil and a form of government had 
been provided for the province before any colonies were 
planted within it. Of course the government had to 
have a seal. And one, therefore, was designed by the 
Lords Proprietors of Carolina for the great seal of their 
province about 1663. The original design of this seal 
was found among the papers of ^the Earl of Shaftesbury 
(Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley) some years ago. 
A large wax impression of the_ seal itself was photo- 
graphed for Hon. Wm. A. Courtenay, then mayor of 
Charleston, and a cut thereof was printed in the Year 
Book of Charleston for 1883, and has since been repro- 
tiuced in other publications. This was the official great 
s^al of Carolina until 1719, when that part of the pro- 
vince ''to the southward and westward of Cape Fear", 
which had long been known and governed as South Car- 
olina, ''seceded" and became a Royal Province. 

The great seal of South Carolina under Royal Govern- 
ment was a representation of the great seal of Great 
Britain, with a reverse charged with a sovereign confer- 
ring liberty upon a subject, beneath which is the word 
Nostra and encircling are the v/ords: Sigillum Magn. 
AusTRALis Frovinciae Nostr^ Carolina (Our great 
seal of our Southern province of Carolina). This was 
the great seal of the Province until Lord William Camp- 
bell, the last Royal governor of South Carolina, fled from 
Charles Town to the British man-of-war, Tamar, Sep- 
tember 15, 1775, and carried it with him. From the last 
named date to March 26, 1776, the usurping Council of 

^It is true that it was fashionable to use the term colony during the 
interval between the adoption of the constitution of March 26, 1776, 
and the 4th of July, 1776; but, as a matter of fact, the Provincial 
Government had been suspended, not destroyed. 


Safety of South Carolina, of which Henry Laurens was 
president, was the executive of the Province and Lau- 
rens, therefore, the acting governor. He used no official 

On March 26, 1776, the Provincial Congress of South 
Carolina set up an independent government with John 
Rutledge as president. Gn Tuesday, April 2, 1776, the 
General Assembly passed the following: 

Resolved That His Excellency the President and Commander in 
Chief by and with the Advice and Consent of the Privy Council may 
and he is hereby authorized to design and cause to be made a Great 
Seal of South-Carolina and until such a one can be made to fix upon a 
temporary Public Seal. 

For a temporary seal President Rutledge used his pri- 
vate seal bearing his family coat-of-arms. 

After the Declaration of Independence a design for 
the arms of an official great seal was prepared by Wil- 
liam Henry Drayton, a member of the Privy Council, 
and, after some slight amendments thereto, was accepted 
and, together with a design for the reverse, turned over 
to an engraver in Charles Town to be engraved as a 
great seal. Both the arms and reverse symbolized the 
battle which took place at the unfinished and unnamed 
fort on Sullivan's Island (soon after named Moultrie), 
June 28, 1776. The following description of the seal as 
it appeared when finished is given by Governor Drayton 
in his father's Memoirs which he edited: 

Arms : A Palmetto- tree growing on the sea-shore, erect; at its base, 
a torn up Oak-tree, its branches lopped off, prostrate; both proper. 
Just below the branches of the Palmetto, two shields, pendent; one of 
them on the dexter side is inscribed March 26 — the other on the sinis- 
ter side July 4. Twelve Spears, proper, are bound crosswise to the 
stem of the Palmetto, their points raised; the band uniting them to- 
gether, bearing the inscription Quis Separabit. Under the prostrate 
Oak, is inscribed Meliorem Lapsa Locavit; below which, appears in 
large figures 1776. At the Summit of the Exergue, are the words 
South Carolina; and at the bottom of the same, Animis Opibusque 


Reverse: A Woman walking on the Sea-shore, over swords and 
daggers; she holds in her dexter hand, a laurel branch — and in her 
sinister, the folds of her robe: she looks towards the sun, just rising 
above the sea; all proper. On the upper part, is the sky, azure. At 
the summit of the Exergue, are the words DUM Spjro Spero: and 
within the field below the figure, is inscribed the word Spes. The Seal 
is in the form of a circle, four inches in diameter; and four-tenths of 
an inch thick. 

Governor Drayton gives the following interpolations 
of the devices of the arms: 

It was not designed, until after the fort at Sullivan's Island, had 
defeated the British fleet, as all its devices will prove. The fort was 
constructed of the stems of the Palmetto-trees, (Corypha Palmetto,) 
which grow abundantly on our sea-islands — which grew on Sullivan's 
Island at the time the fort was made — when the battle was fought — 
and which grow there, at this day. 

The Arms, were designed by William Henry Drayton; and the origi- 
nal executed by him with a pen, bearing a great similitude to what is 
represented on the Seal, is in the possession of his son. It, however, 
contains more devices— but this is easily reconciled, by supposing, all 
he had designed was not deemed by the President and Privy Council, 
necessary for the Great Seal. The explanation of this side of the 
Seal, is the following. The Palmetto-tree on the Sea-shore, repre- 
sents the fort on Sullivan's Island; the shields bearing March 26, and 
July 4, allude to the Constitution of South-Carolina, which was rati- 
fied on the first of those days; and to the Declaration of Independence, 
which was made by the Continental Congress, on the last of them. 
The twelve Spears, represent the twelve States, which first acceded 
to the Union. The dead Oak-tree, alludes to the British fleet, as being 
constructed of oak timbers — and it is prostrate under the Palmetto- 
tree, because, the fort, constructed of that tree, defeated the British 
fleet; hence, the inscription Meliorem Lapsa Locavit, is appropriately 
placed underneath it: under which, 1776 is in large figures— alluding 
to the year the Constitution for South-Carolina was passed— to the 
battle fought at Sullivan's Island— to the Declaration of Independence 
—and, to the year, when the Seal was ordered to be made. 

The Reverse, of the arms, is said to have been designed by Arthur 
Middleton, often mentioned in these Memoirs; and who was the father 
of Henry Middleton, at present Ambassador from the United States 
of America, to the Court of Russia. The Woman walking along the 
Sea-shore strown with swords and daggers, represents Hope over- 
coming dangers, which the Sun just rising, was about to disclose, in 
the occurrences of the 28th June 1776; while the laurel she holds, 
signifies the honours which Colonel Moultrie, his officers and men, 
gained on that auspicious day. The sun rising in great brilliancy above 
the Sea, indicates that the 28th of June was a fine day; it also be- 
speaks good fortune. 


The engraver to whom the work of executing this 
great seal was entrusted must have completed his job 
and turned over the seal prior to May 22, 1777, as on 
that day President Rutledge issued a pardon under ^'the 
Seal of the said State", whereas prior to that time he 
had issued them under ''the Temporary Seal" or "the 
Temporary Public Seal." Governor Drayton says: 

The Author remembers seeing the mould or dye of the Great Seal, 
brought by the Artist who was engraving it, to his father William 
Henry Drayton, at his residence in Charlestown, for his inspection; 
but he cannot fix what particular time it was. Prom some circum- 
stances which occurred, he believes it was not in the winter. 

Governor Drayton was quite correct when he spoke of 
the ''artist" who engraved this seal, for it is preemi- 
nently the work of an artist and, strange to say, the 
writer has never seen a correct copy of this seal (save 
the cuts herewith) which is still in existence and is now 
in the custody of the Historical Commission of South 

This great seal is never used now, because it is not 
convenient. In former days all papers that required the 
attachment of the great seal had a piece of red tape at- 
tached to them. This tape was inserted in a hole in the 
top of the mould made by the fastening together of the 
two halves of the seal. Melted beeswax was then poured 
into the same hole and after it had cooled the halves 
were unfastened and removed and there was a great seal 
pendant to the document. 

That seal -having been originally adopted, however, as 
the great seal of the State, should be and is the patern 
for all other seals of State, but no one seems able to copy 
the beautiful and artistically executed original, and, as 
a result, we see all sorts and conditions of bungled imi- 
tations of it. There is not a single official seal in the 
State or a single cut for official stationery, and very few 
pictures, paintings or other copies of this work of art 
which faithfully and correctly preser\^es the heraldic and 
artistic details of this excellent model. 




Abbeville, 88 (2), 91, 158, 159, 172. 

Abbeville Banner, 163. 

Abbeville County, 90; County Court 
judges of, 89. 

Abbeville District, 93, 95, 157, 163. 

Aberdeen, Scotland, 51. 

Adams, Andrew, 217. 

Adams, Anzie, 163. 

Adams, Ezekiel, 217. 

Adams, Francis, 107 (3). 

Adams, John, 62. 

Adams, Linnie, 167. 

Adams, Thomas, 27. 

Addison, John, 176. 

Adjutant General, Deputy, 199. 

Admon Act Book, 147 (3). 

Adye, WiUiam, 147. 

Air, Dr. William, 51. 

Akin, EHzabeth, Jr., 145, 146. 

Akin, James, 105. 

Alabama, 19 (2), 95, 158, 160, 162, 166(2), 
167(2), 204, 211, 214, 216. 

Albany, N. Y., 184, 185 (2), 189, 190. 

Alberson, William, 177. 

Aldrich, Hon. James, 2. 

Alexander, Charles, 164 (2). 

Alexander, Margaret, 97. 

Allen, Edward, 175. 

Alleyne, E., 144. 

Allison, Joseph, 177. 

Allston, Joseph, 105. 

Amelia Township, 52. 

America, 30 (3), 33, 52, 60, 61 (3), 62 (3), 
63, 64, 67, 80, 81, 121 (2), 124, 128, 148, 
149, 175, 180, 190 (2), 227. 

American Archives (Force), 103. 

"American Enthusiast", 54. 

American Historical Association, Cal- 
houn letters published by, 12; Fourth 
Annual Report of the Historical Man- 
uscripts Commission of, 156, 159. 

American militia, 11. 

Americans educated at Eaton, 70. 

Amick, Conrad, 217. 

Ancrum, WilHam, 151, 152. 

Ancrum, William A , 161. 

Anderson, David, 217. 

Anderson, John Leonard, 177. 

Anderson, Robert, 84. 

Anderson Ferry, 186. 

Anger, George, 176. 

Annals and Parish Register of the Pa- 
rish of St. Thomas and St. Denis, 32. 

Annals of Newberry District, O'NeaH's, 

Apollo (brig), 36. 

Apothecary General, Deputy, 218. 

Archpellauga Town, 173. 

Arkansas, 167. 

Armand, Gen., 183. 

Arms of South Carolina, 226, 227. 

Arnet, Samuel, 177. 

Arnold, Benedict, 190, 192. 

Arnold, Edward, 217. 

Arnold, J. H. V., sale of collection of, 
49, 50(2), 100. 

Arsenal Academy, 45. 

Art and Artists, 100, 143, 228. 

Arthur, William, 106. 

Artis, John, 217. 

Ash, Cato, 104. 

Ashber, Eng., 150. 

Ashley, Lord, 225. 

Ashley River, 149. 

Ashby, James, 177. 

Askew, Thomas, 22, 26. 

Askins, George, 217. 

Assistant Quartermaster General, 220. 

Atlanta, Ga., 44, 98, 110, 168. 

Atterson, John, 217. 

Audley Street, London, 27. 

Augusta, Ga., 85(4), 92. 

Augusta County, Va., 81, 82, 84; County 
Court records of, 81 (5), 82 (6), 83 (5), 
84; book of Surveyor of, 81, 82, 83. 

Bacon, Mrs! John E., 12. 

Bacot, Peter, 104. 

Bailey, John, 194. 

Bailey, Joseph, 217. 

Bailey, Mary, 162. 

Baker, Caleb, 217. 

Baker, Jesse, 23 (2), 25, 72, 217. 

Baker, R. H., 166. 

Baker, Richard Bohun, 69, 70 (3), 71, 

Baker, Jenys &, 145. 

Ball, Ehas, Jr., 104. 

Ballantine, John, 145. 

Balme, M. de la. 9, 11. 

Baltimore, Md., 12, 168. 

Baltimore Coal Mining and Railroad 
Company, 167. 



Bancroft, George, 12. 

Bank of England, 151 (2) . 

Barbadoes, 143, 144 (2), 148. 

Barham, Fanny, 95. 

Barker, William, 178. 

Barnard, Mr., 170(2). 

Barnet, Jesse, 177. 

B.arnet, John, 176, 217. 

Barnet, Lance, 177. 

Barnett, Louise, 97. 

Barnwell, John (1748-1800), 105. 

Barnwell, Hon. Jos. W., 2 (2). 

Barnwell, Mary Hutson, 204. 

Baronies, 29, 143, 144. 

Barr, Jacob, 217. 

Barr, John, 217. 

Barrow, William, 108. 

Bates, W. T., 97. 

Bay, the, Charles Town, 29, 30. 

Beal, William, 217. 

Beale, Mary Hannah, 149 (2), 149-50. 

Bean. John, 194 (2), 196. 

Beard, Jonas, 108. 

Beaseley, Elizabeth, 167. 

Beasley, Peter, 178. 

Beaufort, 111, 136, 138, 140, 203. 

Beaufort District, 99 (2). 

Beaumont, Texas, 164. 

Beaver Creek, 51. 

Beck, Rev. John, 36, 37. 

Bedaur, Mr., 7. 

Bee, Thomas, 104. 

Bee Importing Company, The, 43. 

Bee & Co., Wm. C, 43. 

Beekman, Barnard, 217. 

Beekman, Samuel. 217. 

Begley, John, 217. 

Belcher, -, 13. 

Bell, Thomas, 84. 

Ben Lomond, 93. 

Benison, Mrs. Mary (Singleton), 99. 

Benison, Thomas, 99. 

Benn, James, 177. 

Benn, William, 177. 

Bennet, Arthur, 217. 

Benton, Thomas H., 18. 

Berkeley County, 29 (2), 52, 146. 

Berlin, 131. 

Berwick, John, 104. 

Berwick, Simon, 107. 

Berwick, White, 175. 

Besnard, John James, 147. 

Bethlehem, Pa., 4. 

Bhurrer, Michael, 217. 

Bidal, Eng., 150. 

Bird, Mrs. Catherine, 143. 

Bird, Richard, 143. 

Bird, Rev. U. Sinclair, 39. 

Birmingham, Ala., 216. 

Black, Robert, 26. 

Black Swamp, 99 (2). 

Blackmore, George, 217. 

Blackwell, Daniel, 217. 

Black well, Daniel, Jr., 217. 

Blackwell, Zachariah, 217. 

Blair, Wade, 217. 

Blake, John, 198. 

Blakeford, Miss, 162. 

Blamyer, Lieut., 199. 

Blenefeld, James, 217. 

Bluitt, Mrs. Allen, 204. 

Board Island, 199. 

Board of Underwriters, Charleston, 114, 

Board of War of the Continental Con- 
gress, 66, 181, 183, 185, 186, 190, 191, 

Bocquet, Peter, 104. 

Bonneau, Floride, 154. 

Bonner, Dr., 160. 

Bonner, Delle, 215. 

Bonner, Stella Gertrude, 215. 

Bonsall, Samuel, 148. 

Books, 149. 

Boone, Capers, 105. 

Boone, John, 104. 

Booth, George, 217.* 

Booth, John, 217. 

Booth, Matthew, 217. 

Bosman, Ralph, 175. 

Boston, Mass., 76, 93, 100, 121, 204 (4), 

Bottle, Robert, 217. 

Bounty Grants to Revolutionary Soldiers 
of S. C, 173-178, 217-224. 

Bourdeaux, France, 128. 

Bowen, Rev. Nathaniel, 33. 

Bowen, Thomas, 217. 

Bowie, John, 174, 217. 

Bowling, James, 217. 

Bowman, Rev. Peyton G., 166. 

Bowman, Virginia Carolina, 166, 

Boyd, Andrew, 177. 

Boyd, John, 177. 

Boyd, Thomas, 195. 

Boykin, Gladys, 161. 

Bozier, Mr., 154. 

Braddon, Henry, 29. 

Bradley, James, 106, 217. 

Bradwell, Nathaniel, 217. 

Bragg, Braxton, 43, 

Braithwaite, Silvia, 28. 

Bramble, John, 147, 147-8. 

Branding horses, 199. 

Bremar, Francis. 175, 217. 

Brewton, Miles, 103. 

Brick House (plantation), 194. 

Bridges, Edward, 176. 

Brisbane, William, 106. 



Bristol, Eng., 147. 

Bristol, Pa., 3. 

British, 26, 124; deserters from the, 121; 
fleet of the, 227 (3). 

Britt, Richard, 217. 

Britt, Thomas, 217. 

Broad Path, from Charles Town, 145. 

Broad River, election district between 
Catawba River and, 108 (2) ; New 
Aquisition election district between 
Catawba River and, 107; election dis- 
trict between Saluda River and, 
108 (3) ; upper election district be- 
tween Broad River and, 108. 

Broad Street, Charleston, 114. 

Brooks, Preston S., 206, 207. 

Brooks, Roger, 217. 

Brooksville, Ala., 204. 

Brooner, Adam, 217. 

Brough, George, 217. 

Brough, James, 22. 

Broughton, Thomas, 29. 

Brown, Andrew, 218. 

Brown, Benjamin, 218. 

Brown, Charles, 21, 22, 24, 26, 218. 

Brown, Dennis, 218. 

Brown, James, 104. 

Brown, James (another), 33. 

Brown, WiUiam, 177, 218. 

Brownguard, Caspar, 21, 24, 26. 

Brunson, Jacob, 23, 25, 72, 218. 

Buchanan, Mr., 7. 

Buchanan, Benjamin, 218. 

Buchanan, James (subsequently Presi- 
dent), 12, 15. 

Buchanan, James, Sr., of S. C, 218. 

Buchanan, James, of S. C, 218. 

Buchanan, John, 23, 25, 72, 197, 218. 

Buchanan, Robert, 218. 

Buckhead (plantation), 204. 

Budd, John Shivers, 218. 

Budd, Thomas, 137. . 

Bull, Mrs. Hannah (Beale), 150. 

Bull, John, 106. 

Bull, Stephen, 106. 

Bull, William (1719-1791), abstract of 
will of, 149-150. 

Bull, William, Jr. (1749-1799), 106, 149. 

Bulloch, Dr. J. G. B., A History and 
Genealogy of the Habersham Family 
by, 155, 156. 

Bunch, John, 218. 

Bund, Thomas, 144. 

Burbage, John, 218. 

Burbage, Jonathan, 218. 

Burbage, WilHam, 218. 

Burgoyne, Gen., 55 (2). 

Burket, Thomas, 176. 

Burns, Thomas, 176. 

Burt, Arm(istead, 158. 

Burton, WilHam, 218. 

Busby (recorder of wills) , 29. 

Bush, John, 218. 

Butler, Antonio, 102. 

Butler, Pierce M., 47-48. . 

Butler, Mrs. Pierce M., 48. 

Butler, Samuel, 175. 

Byers, William, 107(3). 

Cabal, the Conway, 182. 

Cadiz, Spain, 36. 

Caesar (recorder of wills), 65. 

Caius College, Cambridge University, 

Eng., 170 (2). 
Caldwell, James, 218. 
Caldwell,' John, 49(3), 108; report of on 

capture of Fort Charlotte, 50. 
Caldwell, John, of Enoree, 108. 
Caldwell, John, of St. Matthew's Pa- 
rish, 1776, 107. 
Caldwell, John, private in the Revolu- 
tion, 23, 25, 72, 218. 
Caldwell, Martha, 156. 
Caldwell, William, of the Revolution, 

Caldwell, WilHam (later), 96. 
Calhoun, genealogy of the family of, 

81-98, 153-169. 

Calhoun, Mrs. (Craighead), 156. 

Calhoun, A. Burt, 162. 

Calhoun, Abner Wellborn, 96, 98. 

Calhoun, Adams, 167. 

Calhoun, Agnes, 91. 

Calhoun, Alexander, 91, 93. 

Calhoun, Alfred Turpin, 97. 

Calhoun, Aline S., 95. 

Calhoun, Amanda Abbeville, 95. 

Calhoun, Andrew, son of Ezekiel, son 

of 1st. Wm., 93, 96. 
Calhoun, Andrew, son of James Martin 

(1805-1877), 160, 165. 
Calhoun, Andrew, son of Duff Green, 

Calhoun, Andrew Ezekiel, 96. 
Calhoun, Andrew Pickens, son of John 

Caldwell (1782-1850), 13, 19 (2), 159, 

Calhoun, Andrew Pickens, son of above, 

Calhoun, Andrew Pickens, son of James 

F., 165. 
Calhoun, Andrew Pickens, son of John 

Francis, son of Edward, son of 2d. 

Patrick, 168. 
Calhoun, Ann, dau. of Joseph (1750- 

1817), 92. 
Calhoun, Ann, dau. of 2d. Jos., 94. 



Calhoun, Ann Elizabeth, 96. 

Calhoun, Anna, 95. 

Calhoun, Anna Maria, 159. 

Calhoun, Anna Susan, 161. 

Calhoun, Anne, 90. 

Calhoun, Annie Graham, 165. 

Calhoun, Annie W. (Mitte) , 97. 

Calhoun, Arthur, son of Ludlow, son of 
2d. Patrick, 164. 

Calhoun, Arthur, son of Edwin, 169. 

Calhoun, Arthur Ludlow, 164. 

Calhoun, Augusta, dau. of Ephraim, 95. 

Calhoun, Augusta, dau. of Motte, 97. 

Calhoun, Augusta, dau. of Franklin 
Ramsay, 97. 

Calhoun, Aurelia, 160. 

Calhoun, Benjamin, 157. 

Calhoun, Benjamin A.. 164, 169. 

Calhoun, Benjamin Alfred, 160. 

Calhoun, Benjamin F., 164. 

Calhoun, Benjamin P., 163. 

Calhoun, Carolina, 94. 

Calhoun, CaroHne, dau. of James, son 
of 1st. Patrick, 157. 

Calhoun, Caroline, dau. of John Alfred 

(1807-1874), 161. 

Calhoun, Caroline, dau. of John Francis, 

Calhoun, Carrie Lou, 169. 

Calhoun, Mrs. Catherine, 83, 86, 87-88. 

Calhoun, Catherine, dau. of 1st. Eze- 
kiel, 84, 153. 

Calhoun, Catherine, dau. of 1st. Wm., 

Calhoun, Catherine, dau. of 2d. Wm. , 92. 

Calhoun, Catherine, dau. of 1st. Pat- 
rick, 157. 

Calhoun, Catherine, dau. of 2d. Patrick, 

Calhoun, Catherine, married Joseph Cal- 
houn (1750-1817), 91. 

Calhoun, Catherine, dau. of Joseph 
(1750-1817), 92. 

Calhoun, Catherine, dau. of Ezekiel, son 
of 1st. Wm., 93. 

Calhoun, Catherine Jenna, 164. 

Calhoun, Catherine L., 162. 

Calhoun, Charles, 169. 

Calhoun, Charles Augustus, 97. 

Calhoun, Charles M., 95, 97. 

Calhoun, Charles Ramsey, 98. 

Calhoun, Charlotte M., 97. 

Calhoun, Chattanooga, 95. 

Calhoun, Cornelia, 164. 

Calhoun, Daniel, 97. 

Calhoun, Daniel DuPre, 98. 

Calhoun, Duff Green, 163, 167. 

Calhoun, Edward, son of Ezekiel, son 
of 2d. Wm., 94. 

Calhoun, Edward, son of 2d. Patrick, 
160, 164. 

Calhoun, Edward, son of Ludlow, son oi 
2d. Patrick, 164. 

Calhoun, Edward, son of John Francis, 

Calhoun, Edward James, 97. 

Calhoun, Edwin, 164, 169. 

Calhoun, Edwin, son of above, 169. 

Calhoun, Eliza, dau. of Joseph (1750- 
1817), 92. _ 

Calhoun, Eliza, dau. of 2d. Joseph, 91, 

Calhoun, Eliza, dau. of Ephraim, 95. 

Calhoun, Ehza Elhott, 98. 

Calhoun, Elizabeth, dau. of JohnEwing, 
son of Joseph (1750-1817) , 94. 

Calhoun, Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas, sor 
of Wm., son of 1st. Patrick, 162. 

Calhoun, Elizabeth Mary, 94. 

Calhoun, Ella, 164. 

Galhoun, Ella Ann, 95. 

Calhoun, Ellen Lee, 165. 

Calhoun, Emma, dau. of James Mont- 
gomery, 95. 

Calhoun, Emma, dau. of Francis Au- 
gustus, 164. 

Calhoun, Emma Caroline, 96. 

Calhoun, Ephraim, 93, 95. 

Calhoun, Esther, 91. 

Calhoun, Etta Virginia, 169. 

Calhoun, Eugenia, dau. of Wm., son oi 
1st. Patrick, 158. 

Calhoun, Eugenia, dau. of James Law- 
rence, son of Wm., son of 1st Pat- 
rick, 172. 

Calhoun, Eugenia, dau. of 1st Ludlow, 

Calhoun, Eunice, 169. 

Calhoun, Ezekiel, 81(3), 82, 83, 84(2), 
153, 159. 

Calhoun, Ezekiel, son of above, 84, 153. 

Calhoun, Ezekiel, son of 1st. Wm., 91, 

Calhoun, Ezekiel, son of 2d. Wm., 92, 94. 

Calhoun, Fanny, 167. 

Calhoun, Fanny Emma, 95. 

Calhoun, Ferdinand Phinizy, 98. 

Calhoun, Florence C, 161. 

Calhoun, Florence Oliver, 165. 

Calhoun, Florida, 94. 

Calhoun, Floride, 159. 

Calhoun, Frances, dau. of John Francis, 

Calhoun, Frances, dau, of 1st. Edwin, 



.aihoun, Frances Josette, 94. 

)alhoun, Francis A» , son of 1st. Ludlow, 

'alhoun, Francis A., son of Benjamin 

A., 169. 
Jalhoun, Francis Augustus, 160, 164. 
'alhoun, Frank A., 165. 
'alhoun, Frank Howard, 95. 
JalhoUn, Franklin Ramsey, 95, 97. 
'alhoun, Gaines, 97. 
Calhoun, George, of Augusta Co., Va., 

'alhoun, George, son of George Mc- 

DufRe, sonof Wm., son of 1st. Pat- 
rick, 162. 
'alhoun, George McDufRe, son of James, 

son of 1st. Patrick, 157. 
Jalhoun, George McDuffle, sonof Wm., 

son of 1st. Patrick, 158, 162. 
Calhoun, George Williams, 168. 
lalhoun, Georgia, 94. 
Calhoun, Hannah, 95. 
lalhoun, Harriet, 93. 
lalhoun, Harriet Eliza, 165. 
lalhoun^ Harriet Louise, 96. 
lalhoun, Henry Townes, 161. 
lalhoun, Ida, dau. of Edward, son of 

2d. Patrick, 164. 

lalhoun, Ida, dau. of John Francis, 168. 
lalhoun, Ida Chicora, 98. 
lalhoun, Indiana, 94. 
lalhoun, Isaac Kirtland, 166. 
lalhoLiu, Isabella Cross, 95. 
lalhoun, J. Christopher, 161. 
lalhoun, James, 81 (2), 82 (7), 83 (8), 

84, 85; Patton's suit against, 82-88. 
lalhoun James, son of 1st. Patrick, 

lalhoun, James, son of John Caldwell 

(1782-1850), 15, 159. 
lalhoun, James, son of Thomas, son of 

Wm., son of 1st. Patrick, 162. 
lalhoun, James Butler, 95. 
lalhoun, James Caldwell (1830-1866), 

160, 166. 
lalhoun, James Caldwell, son of above, 

lalhoun, James Caldwell, son of Wil- 

hamson Norwood, 166. 
lalhoun, James Edward, son of 1st. An- 
drew Pickens, 163. 
lalhoun, James Edward, son of John 

Caldwell (1843-), 167. 
lalhoun, James F., 160, 165. 
lalhoun, James Francis, 165. 
lalhoun, James Lawrence, son of Wm. , 

son of 1st. Patrick, 158, 162. 

Calhoun, James Lawrence, son of above, 

Calhoun, James Lawrence, son of Wm. 

Henry (1813-1869), 161. 
Calhoun, James M., 96. 
Calhoun, James Martin (1805-1877), 157- 

Calhoun, James Martin, son of Andrew, 

son of Francis Aadrews, 165, 
Calhoun, James Montgomery, 92, 94. 
Calhoun, James V., 95. 
Calhoun, Jane, dau. of Joseph (1750- 

1717), 92. 
Calhoun, Jane, dau. of William, son of 

1st. Patrick, 158. 
Calhoun, Jane, dau. of Thomas, son of 

Wm., son of 1st. Patrick, 162. 
Calhoun, Jane Hamilton, 93, 161. 
Calhoun, Mrs. Jane (Ewing), 84. 
Calhoun, Jean, dau. of 1st. Ezekiel, 84, 

Calhoun, John, son of George McDuffie, 

son of Wm., son of 1st. Patrick, 162. 
Calhoun, John, son of John Francis, 168. 
Calhoun, John, son of 1st. Edwin, 169. 
Calhoun, John Alfred (1807-1874), 157, 

Calhoun, John Alfred (1845-1882), 161. 
Calhoun, John Alfred (1863-) , 166. 
Calhoun, John C, son of 1st Ludlow, 

Calhoun, John Caldwell (1782-1850), 83, 

91, 154, 157, 158-159, 163 (2) ; letters 

of to Francis W. Pickens, 12,19; let- 
ters of published by the American 

Historical Association, 12; Starke's 

sketch of, 156; autograph of, 159; 

Pinckney's Life of, 159. 
Calhoun, Mrs. John Caldwell (Floride 

Colhoun), 15, 19 (2). 
Calhoun, John Caldwell, son of 1st. 

James Martin, 160, 165. 
Calhoun, John Caldwell, son of John 

Caldwell (1823-1855), 168. 
Calhoun, John Caldwell (1823-1855), 19, 

159, 163 (2) . 
Calhoun, John Caldwell (1843-), 163, 167. 
Calhoun, John Caldwell, son of 1st. Wm. 

Henry, 161. 
Calhoun, John Carroll, son of Joseph, 

son of 2d. Wm., 95. 
Calhoun, John Carroll, son of William 

Joseph, 97. 
Calhoun, John Dabney, 95. 
Calhoun, John Ewing (See Colhoun). 
Calhoun, John Ewing, son of Joseph 
(1750-1817), 92, 94. 
Calhoun, John Ewing, son of above, 94. 



Calhoun, John Francis, 164, 168. 

Calhoun, John Frankhn, 98. 

Calhoun, John J., 96. 

Calhoun, John Joseph, 94, 96. 

Calhoun, Joseph (1750-1817), 90, 91, 92. 

Calhoun, Joseph, son of above, 92, 93. 

Calhoun, Joseph, son of 2d. Wm., 12, 95. 

Calhoun, Joseph, son of Ezekiel, son of 
1st. Wm., 93. 

Calhoun, Joseph Selden, son of 2d. Jos., 

Calhoun, Joseph Seldon, son of John 
Joseph, 96. 

Calhoun, Julia, 162. 

Calhoun, Julia Emma, 168. 

Calhoun, Juha Fishburne, 165. 

Calhoun, Mrs. Kate Kirby (Putnam), 163. 

Calhoun, Kate, dau. of 1st. John Al- 
fred (1907-1874), 161. 

Calhoun, Kate, dau. of Francis Augus- 
tus, 165. 

Calhoun, Kate, dau. of 1st. Edwin, 169 

Calhoun, Kitty, 93. 

Calhoun, Lalla, 169. 

Calhoun, Lida Rebecca, 95. 

Calhoun, Lila Frances, 96. 

Calhoun, Louisa, dau. of 2d. Joseph, 94. 

Calhoun, Louise, 165. 

Calhoun, Lucretia Ann, 158. 

Calhoun, Lucy, 166. 

Calhoun, Ludlow, 160, 164. 

Calhoun, Ludlow, son of above, 164. 

Calhoun, LuHe P., 98, 

Calhoun, Margaret, dau. of 1st. John 
Ewing, 94. 

Calhoun, Margaret A., 97. 

Calhoun, Margaret Green, 168. 

Calhoun, Margaret Maria, 163 

Calhoun, Margaret Meek, 162. 

Calhoun, Mane Bowman, 167. 

Calhoun, Marie Estelle, 96. 

Calhoun, Marion Pickens, 165. 

Calhoun, Martha, dau. of Joseph (175 )- 
1817), 92. 

Calhoun, Martha, dau. of 2cl. Patrick, 

Calhoun, Martha, dau. of John Ewing, 
son of Joseph (1750-1817), 94. 

Calhoun, Martha, dau. of Patrick, son 
of Andrew Pickens, son of John Cald- 
well (1782-1850), 168. 

Calhoun, Martha Catherine, 158. 

Calhoun, Martha Eleanor, 165. 

Calhoun, Martha Frances, 96. 

Calhoun, Martha J., 161. 

Calhoun, Martin Lee, 165. 

Calhoun, Mary, dau. of 1st. Ezekiel, 
84, 153. 

Calhoun, Mary, dau. of 1st. Wm., 90. 
Calhoun, Mary, dau. of Joseph (1750- 

1817), 92. 
Calhoun, Mary, dau. of William Lowndes, 

son of 1st, Jas. Montgomery, 96. 
Calhoun, Mary, dau. of William, son of 

1st. Patrick, 158. 
Calhoun, Mary Elizabeth, dau. of 2d. 

Wm., 92. 
Calhoun, Mary Elizabeth, dau. of 1st. 

John Joseph, 96. 
Calhoun, Mary Louisa, 165. 
Calhoun, Mary Kennon, 165. 
Calhoun, Mary Norwood, 160. 
Calhoun, Missouri, 94. 
Calhoun, Motte, 95, 97. 
Calhoun, Motte McG., 98. 
Calhoun, Nancy Needham, 164. 
Calhoun, Nettie Ahne, 96. 
Calhoun, Nina Nelson, 98. 
Calhoun, Orville Gibert, 166. 
Calhoun, Orville Tatum, 161, 166. 
Calhoun, Patrick (1728-1796), 81 (4), 

82, 83 (2), 84 (2), 85 (2), 86 (2), 89 (5), 

89-90, 106, 154, 156; autograph of, 156. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of above, 157, 160. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of 1st. Ezekiel, 

84(2), 153. 
Calhoun, Patrick (1760-1776), son of 1st. 

Wm., 91. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of James, son of 

1st. Patrick, 157. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of Wm., son of 

1st. Patrick, 158. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of John Caldwell 

(1782-1850), 159. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of Andrew Pick- 
ens, son of John Caldwell (1782-1850), 

163, 168. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of above, 168. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of Ludlow, son of 

2d. Patrick, 164. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of John Francis, 

son of Edward, son of 2d. Patrick, 168. 
Calhoun, Patrick, son of Benjamin A., 

Calhoun, Patrick Edward, 164. 
Calhoun, Patrick H., 95, 96. 
Calhoun, Patrick L., 165. 
Calhoun, Pickens, 94. 
Colhoun, Rachel, dau. of 1st. Wm., 91. 
Calhoun, Rachel, dau. of 2d. Wm., 92. 
Calhoun, Rebecca, dau. of 1st. Ezekiel, 

84, 153. 
Calhoun, Rebecca, dau. of 2d. Wm., 92. 
Calhoun, Rebecca, dau. of 2d. Jos., 93. 
Calhoun, Rebecca, dau. of John Francis, 

son of Edward, son of 2d. Patrick, 168. 



Calhoun, Rebecca Lee, 165. 

Calhoun, Robert Adger, 98. 

Calhoun, Robert G., 162. 

Calhoun, Roland R., 97. 

Calhoun, Rosa, di^u. of Patrick H., 97. 

Calhoun, Rosa, dau. of Edward, son of 

2d. Patrick, 164. 
Calhoun, Rosa, dau. of John Francis, 

son of Edward, son of 2d. Patrick, 168. 
Calhoun, SaHie, 162. 
Calhoun, Samuel, 92. 
Calhoun, Sarah, dau. of 2d. Wm., 92. 
Calhoun, Sarah, dau. of Jas. , son of 1st. 

Patrick, 157. 
Calhoun, Sarah, dau. of Wm., son of 

1st. Patrick, 158. 
Calhoun, Sarah Caroline, 161. 
Calhoun, Sarah L., 160. 
Calhoun, Sarah Martin, 161. 
Calhoun, Sarah Norwood, 166. 
Calhoun, Sarah Pickens, 165. 
Calhoun, Susan, 169. 
Calhoun, Susan Wilkinson, dau. of James 

Martin, 160. 
Calhoun, Susan Wilkinson, dau. of An- 
drew, son of James Martin, 165. 
Calhoun, Tennent Lomax, 161. 
Calhoun, Tescharner, 157. 
Calhoun, Thomas, of Augusta County, 

Va., 81. 
Calhoun, Thomas, son of William, son 

of 1st. Patrick, 158, 162. 
Calhoun, Thomas, son of James Law- 
rence, son of Wm., son of 1st. Pat- 
trick, 162. 
Calhoun, Thomas, son of Ludlow, son 

of 2d. Patrick, 164. 
Calhoun, Thomas Jones, 165. 
Calhoun, Thomas Smith, 93. 
Calhoun, Tredwell Ayres, 166. 
Calhoun, Virginia, dau. of Ezekiel, son 

of 2d. Wm., 94. 
Calhoun, Virginia, dau. of Williamson 

Norwood, 166. 
Calhoun, Waring Parker, 98. 
Calhoun, William, 81 (4), 82 (2), 84, 85, 

86, 89, 90, 161; journal of, 90; place 

of, 93. 
Calhoun, William, son of above, 91, 92. 
Calhoun, William, son of 1st. Patrick, 

157(2), 160. 
Calhoun, WilHam, son of Joseph (1750- 

1817), 92. 
Calhoun, William, son of Ezekiel, son 

of 1st. Wm., 93. 
Calhoun, William, son of Thomas, son 

of Wm., son of 1st. Patrick, 162. 
Galhoun, William Dabney, 96, 

Calhoun, William Goodwin, 97. 
Calhoun, William Henry, 157, 161. 
Calhoun, William Henry, son of above, 

161, 167. 
Calhoun, William Joseph, 95, 97. 
Calhaun, William Joseph, son of above, 

Calhoun, William Lowndes, son of 1st. 

Jas. Montgomery, 94, 96. 
Calhoun, William Lowndes, son of above, 

Calhoun, William Lowndes, son of John 

Caldwell (1782-1850), 159, 163. 
Calhoun, William Lowndes, son of above, 

Calhoun, William P., son of 2d. Wm., 92. 
Calhoun, WilHam Patrick, 161. 
Calhoun, William Sayre, 96. 
Calhoun, Williamson Norwood, 161, 166. 
Calhoun Settlement, 96. 
Calhoun's Mills, 93. 
Cahfornia, 17, 159. 

Callicot, , 43. 

Cambridge University, Eng. , 170 (3) . 

Camden, 171. 

Cameron, Alexander, 49. 

Cameron, Allen, 50. 

Campbell, James, 5. 

Campbell, John, 23, 25, 72, 218. 

Campbell, Thomas, 218. 

Campbell, Lord WilHam, 225. 

Canada, 128, 180, 183 (2), 186, 187, 191, 

Canadian corps, 63. 
Canadians, 128 (2), 181, 183. 
Cane Brake, 14. 
Cannon, Daniel, 103. 
Canterbury, Prerogative Court of, 46, 

148, 150, 151 (2). 
Cantey, Mrs., 171. 
Cantey, Charles, 106. 
Cape Fear, 225. 
Capers, Eliza Henrietta, 39. 
Capers, Gabriel, 34, 104. 
Capers, John S., 39. 
Capers, Mrs. Martha E., 39. 
Capers, Sarah, 34. 
Capitaine, Mr., 9. 
Carne, John, 218. 
Cams Fort, 172. 
Carolina, 27, 28, 146 (2), 147 (2), 148 (2), 

225 (2). 
Carolinian, The, 14. 

Carr, , 153. 

Carson, James, 107 (3). 
Carter, Benjainin, 218. 
Carter, George, 177. 
Carter, James, 218. 



Casey, Levi, 91, 92. 

Castello, James, 218. 

Castleman, Rev. R. A., 41. 

Catawba River, election district be- 
tween Broad River and, lu8 (2) ; New 
Acquisition district between Broad 
River and, 107. 

Cater Hall (plantation), 37. 

Cattell, Benjamin, 75, 76 (2), 78, 79 (2), 
130, 132 (2), 136, 138, 141, 195, 198. 

Cattell, William, 104, 132(4), 142, 194. 

Cedar Springs, 112. 

Central Railroad and Banking Company 
of Georgia, 167. 

Chaband, James, 147. 

Chamber of Commerce, Charleston, 114. 

Chambless, Peter, 218. 

Champneys, John, 146. 

Changuion, Paulina Maria Henrietta, 34. 

Chapman, Robert, 218. 

Chapman, William, 23, 218. 

Chappell, Miss, 162. 

Charles VII. 

Charles Town (Charleston from 1783), 
29 (4), 31, 32 (2), 50, 74, 75, 77, 78, 85, 
103, 131 (2), 132, 137 (2), 138 (2), 139, 
140 (2), 142 (2), 145, 146 (3), 147 (3), 
150, 151 (3), 153, 186, 194, 195 (3), 196, 
197 (2), 198 (2), 201 (4), 202 (4) , 203 (3) ; 
fire in in 1778, 141, 142, 199; French 
Church (Huguenot) in, 146, 225, 226, 

Charleston, 34(2), 36, 37, 41(2), 43 (3), 
51 (2), 91, 100, 110, 111, 112(9), 113(5), 
114, 148, 154, 155, 158, 159, 168, 175; 
Surveyor of the Port of, 35; Collector 
of the Port of, 43; College of, 36, 42, 
43, 45; Orphan House of, 37;' Recorder 
of, 44; great fire in in 1838, 100; Board 
of Underwriters of, 114; Chamber of 
Commerce of, 114, mayor of, 225; 
Year Book of, 225. 

Charleston Battalion (Confederate ser- 
vice), 43. 

Charleston Board of Underwriters, 114. 

Charleston County, 114; Probate Court 

records of, 32, 102(2). 
Charleston Courier, 33, 35, 37 (2) , 38, 
39, 41 (2), 92 (2), 99, 154, 155 (2), 159, 
163(2), 172-3. 

Charleston Marine Society, 35. 
Charleston Mercury, The, 35, 37, 173. 
Charleston Morning Post & Daily Ad- 
vertiser, The, 33, 154. 
Charlotte, Fort, capture of, 49-50. 
Chartres Dragoons, 120. 
Chavers, John, 218. 
Cherokee Country, 91. 

Cherokee Indians, 49, 85-88. 
Cherokee Nation, 49. 

Cherry, , 22. 

Cherry, Katie, 39. 

Chesser, Tennesson, 194 (2). 

Cheves, Langdon, Esq., 2. 

Chicago, 111., 110. 

Chichester, Eng., 151 (2). 

Chiffelle, Philotheos, 106. 

Childsbury, 145. 

Choate, Florence, 36. 

Choate, Susan, 36. 

Choate, Thomas, 39. 

Christ Church I»arish, 39, 40, 104. 

Churubusco, Mexico, 47. 

''Citadel" Academy (South Carolina 

Military Academy) , 45. 
City Gazette and Daily Advertiser, The 

33, 36 (2), 52 (2), 89, 102 (2), 171. 
Chappard, John, 218. 
Clare, Joseph, 147. 
Clarence, Duke of, 126. 
Clark, Gideon, 218. 
Clark, John, 218. 

Clarke, Frederick, abstract of will of, 

Clarke, Thomas, 218. 

Clemmons, John, 218. 

Clemson, Mrs. Anna (Calhoun), 167. 

Clemson, Thomas G., 159. 

Cleveland, Ohio, 168. 

Cleveland, Hon. John B., 2. 

Cliiford, Lieut., 76, 78, 79 <2), 80, 130, 
131, 133, 136, 138, 141 (2), 194, 200 (2), 

Cloud, Margaret, 163. 

Coalter, Mrs. Ann (Carmichael) , 205. 

Coalter, David, 205. 

Coalter, Frances, 205. 

Coats-of-arms, 31, 226. 

Cocke, Margaret Boston, 111. 

Cockerel, WilHam, 176. 

Coil, Lieut., 197. 

Colcock, Prof. C. J., 2. 

Colcock, Mai North, 166. 

Cole, Ida, 96. 

Coleman, Jacob, 175. 

Coleman, Robert, 177. 

Colhoun, Benjamin, 154. 

Colhoun, Caroline, 154. 

Colhoun, Edward Boisseau, 155, 156. 

Colhoun, Florence, 155. 

Celhoun, Mrs. Floride (Bonneau) , 154. 

Colhoun, Floride Bonneau, dau. of John 
Ewing (1750-1802), 20, 154, 159. 

Colhoun, Floride Bonneau, dau. of Ed- 
ward Boisseau, 156. 

Colhoun, Henry Davis, 155. 



Colhoun, James Edward (1798-1889), 
155, 155-156. 

Colhoun (See Calhoun), John Ewing 
(1750-1802), 84(2), 153, 153-154, 159. 

Colhoun, John Ewing, son of above, 

Colhoun, John Ewing, son of above, 155. 

Colhoun, John Ewing, brother of above, 

Colhoun, Mrs. Martha Maria (Davis) 

Colhoun, Martha Maria, 155. 

Colhoun, Martha Maria, niece of above, 

Colhoun, Sarah Louise, 156. 

Colhoun, Susan, 155. 

Colhoun, Warren Davis, 155. 

Colhoun, William Ransom, 155. 

Colhoun, William Sheridan, 155. 

Colhoun, WilHe Norwood, 156. 

College of Charleston, 35, 42, 43, 45. 

Colleton, Elizabeth Mary Ann, 29. 

Colleton, Hannah, 29 (3) . 

Colleton, Sir John, 29. 

Colleton, John, abstract of will of, 29. 

Colleton, John, son of above, 29 (6). 

Colleton, Peter, 29 (4). 

Colleton, Robert, 29. 

Colleton, Mrs. Susannah (Snell), 29 (2). 

Colleton Square, Charleston, 151. 

Collins, Mrs. Ann, 29. 

ColHns, John, 108. 

Colombe, Chevallier de la, 4, 7, 56. 

Colorado, 214. 

Colter, WilHam, 218. 

Columbia, 45, 47(4), 90, 93, 108, 111, 
162, 204, 205, 208, 210. 

Columbia River, 15. 

Commissary of Provisions, 142. 

Commissioner of Forfeited Estates, 154. 

Commissioners of Indian Affairs, jour- 
nal of Board of, 173. 

Commons House of Assembly, 89. 

]!ompton, Mrs., 27. 

I!ompton, Thomas, 27. 

uOTide, Prince, 65 (2). 

I!onfederate States, war between the 
United States and, 156, 211; army of, 
43, 167; Official Records of army of, 

^209; navy of, 211. 

Congregational ("Circular") Church, 
Independent, Charleston, 34. 

Congress, Continental, 3 (2), 4 (2), 5, 
6 (5), 7 (2), 8 (4), 9 (3), 10, 53, 54 (2), 
55 (2), 56. 57, 58 (4), 59, 60, 61, 62, 
63. 64 (4), 66, 67 (2), 78, 116 (2), 117, 
121 (3), 122, 125, 126 (2), 127 (2), 129 
(2), 170, 18r(4), 182, 183, 184 (3), 185, 

186, 186-7, 187, 188 (2), 189, 191, 192 
(2) , 227; president of, 8, 54, 56, 115, 120, 
122, 123 (2), 126, 183, 185, 186; United 
States, 91, 92, 154, 158, 167, 206 (2) ; 
members of first Provincial of South 
Carolina, 89; second Provincial of 
South Carolina, 89, 173, 174, members 
of, 103-108, journal of, 103. 

Connecticut, 158. 

Connell, John, 194 (2). 

Connelly, Silas, 96. 

Constantine, Cornelius, 218. 

Constantine, William, 218. 

Constitution of 1776, 227. 

Constitution of the United States, South 
Carolina convention that adopted, 172. 

Constitution, U. S. S., 101. 

Continental Establishment, 32, 52 (3), 
100, 128, 157, 170 (2), 176, 204; records 
the regiments of the South Carolina 
Line of the, 20-26, 69-80 ; bounty grants 
to soldiers of the South Carolina Line 
of the, 173-178. 

Contreras, Mexico, 47 (2). 

Conway, Gen. Robert, 4, 6, 9 (2), 60, 66, 
67 (2), 126 (2), 127, 179, 180, 182 (3), 

Cook, John, 218. 

Cooper, Anthony Ashley, 225. 

Cooper, Ezekiel, 218. 

Cooper, Robert, 150. 

Cooper River, 29. 

* 'Cooperation" Convention, 209. 

Copeland, Stephen, 219. 

Coram, Robert, 218. 

Corbett, Thomas, 103. 

Cordes, James, Jr., 104. 

Cordes, John, 104. 

Corn, 1-5, 19. 

Cotton, 13, 14, 15, 19. 

Cotton Exposition, Louisville, Ky., 167. 

Council of Safety, 49, 50 (3), 225-6. 

County Courts, 89. 

Courier, Charleston, 33, 35, 37 (2), 38, 
39, 41 (2), 92, 154, 155 (2), 159, 163 
(2), 172-3. 

Courtenay, Hon. Wm. A., 225. 

Coussins, Oliver, 94. 

Coutch, James, 218. 

Cove, the, Va., 82. 

Craighead, Miss , 156. 

Craighead, Rev. Alexander, 156. 

Crane, Capt., 20. 

Craslin, Samuel, 218. 

Crockett, John, 173. 

Cross, Sarah Ann, 95. 

Crossley, George, 218. 

Crow, Thomas, 177. 



Crow, William, 177. 

Crowley, Charles, 218. 

Cuba, 16. 

Culpeper, Joseph, 176. 

Culpepper, Benjamin, 23. 

Cumming, Andrew, 108. 

Cummings, Maggie, 41. 

Curacoa, 35. 

Currell, John, 218. 

Curry, Mr., 211. 

Custom House, Charleston, 35 (2). 

d'Agnen, Duke, 128. 

Dabney, Emma Elizabeth, 94. 

Dallas, Texas, 212. 

Dalton, Ga., 168. 

Dames, Charles, 200. 

Dardenne Prairie, Mo., 205, 206. 

Darricott, Frances, 93. 

Dart, John Sandford, 78. 

Daveys, John, 218. 

David, Peter, 175. 

Davis, Edmund, 22, 26. 

Davis, Harman, 218. 

Davis, Henry Campbell, 207. 

Davis, Martha Maria, 155. 

Davis, Robert, 218. 

Davis, Thomas, 93. 

Davis, Thomas (another), 177. 

Davis, Wilham, 218. 

Davis, Wilham Ransom, 155, 170-171. 

Davis, Mrs, William Ransom, 171. 

Dawson, Mr., 194. 

Day's Creek, 143. 

de Borre, M., 180. 

DeBruhl, Marshall P., 165. 

de Corney, Ethis, 53. 

D'Elhent, Andrew, 218. 

de Failly, Chevalier, 56, 58, 63 

de Fleury, Col., 55 (2), 186, 1-87 (4), 

188 (2). 
de Francis, Mr., 187. 
de Graffenreid, Catherine Jenna, 157. 
de Graffenreid, Nancy Needham, 160. 
de Graffenreid, Dr. Tescharner, 158. 
de Harty, Lieut. , 142, 203. 
DeKalb, Baron, 10, 58 (2), 126 (2), 128 

(2), 183 (2), 184. 
de Montroy, Viscount, 58. 
deSaussure, Daniel, 105. 
deSaussure, Louis, 218. 
deSaussure, Henry William, 218. 
DeSoto Parish, La., 208, 213. 
de St. Marie, Lavacher (see Lavacher 

and St. Marie), 218. 
DeVeaux, SaUie Ehzabeth, 42, 111. 
Dean, Abner, 177. 
Dean, Absolom, 177. 
Dean, John, 177. 

Dean, Thomas, 177. 

Deane, Silas, 58. 

Declaration of Independence, 170, 22( 

227 (2). 
Deen, Charles, 83. 
Delaware River, 10, 55. 
Deloney, Thomas, 133, 196. 
Deloraine, Countess of, 27 (3), 28 (4^ 
Demopolis, Ala., 167. 
Denton, Reuben, 218. 
Deputy Adjutant General, 199. 
Deputy Apothecary General, 218. 
Deputy Clothier General, 78, 194. 
Deputy Muster Master General, 32. 
Deputy Quarter Master General, 7i 

136, 137, 142, 197, 203. 
Deputy Secretary, 146. 
Develin, James, 218. 
Devine, Dr., 96. 
Dickey, Robert, 107. 
Dickinson, Rev. Mr., 155. 
Didcott, Ann, 31 (2). 
Didcott, Mrs. Elizabeth, deposition o 

31-32; conveyance by, 32. 
Dikarege, Hester, 147. 
Director General of the Hospital of tl 

Southern Department of the Unite 

States, 222. 
Dolland, Mrs. Ehzabeth (Taylor), 147 
Dolland, John, 147 (2). 
Doltin, Ehzabeth, 144 (2). 
Donnom, Benjamin, 175 
Donnom, Wilham, 218. 
Dpoley, James, 39. 
Dorrell, Angelina, 38. 
Dorset, Mr., 4. 
Douglas, Capt., 143 (2). 
Douglas, George, 106 (2), 107 (2). 
Douglas, Thomas, 218. 
Douxsaint, Paul, 105. 
Downs, Jonathan, 108. 
D'Oyley, Daniel, 218. 
Drayton, Charles, 153. 
Drayton, Glen, 76 (3), 77, 136, 142, 19 

197, 200 (3), 201 (2), 202. 
Drayton, Jacob, 149. 
Drayton, Gov. John, 158, 226, 227, 21 

Drayton, Julia, 114. 
Drayton, Stephen, 77, 218. 
Drayton, Wilham Henry, 106, 226, 22 

Memoirs of, 226, 227, 228. 
Driggs, Devereaux, 218. 
Drunkenness, 130. 
DuBose, Jane Porcher, 212. 
DuBose, Dr. Miles, 95. 
DuBose, Dr. Theodore M., 212, 
du Cordray, 66. 



luMillis, Capt., 10. 

iu Plessis, Chevalier Mauduit, 123, 123- 

125, 125 (2), 129 (2), 179, 183, 186, 

DuPont, Gideon, Jr., 30. 
lu Portail, Gen., 10, 65, 180 (3), 183. 
DuPre, Daniel, 95. 
OuPre, Dr. John Y., 38. 
Duer, Mr., 182 (2), 184, 188. 
Duffield, Anthony, 218. 
Dunbar, Thomas, 67, 71, 218. 
Duncan, James, 162. 
Dunkin, James, 200. 
Dunlap, Robert, 240. 
Dunwick, Peter, -21. 
Duplaise, M., 123. 
Eagle Bottom, Va., 81. 
Earle, Samuel, 218. 

East 88th. Street, New York City, 168. 
East Indies, 61. 
Eaton (school), Eng. , South Carolanians 

at, 170. 
Eaton College Chronicle, 170. 
Edes (recorder of wills) , 147. 
Edgar (man-of-war), 36. 
Edgefield, 14, 16, 161. 
Edisto River, election district between 

Savannah River and the north fork 

of, 108 (2). 
Edmiston, David, 219. 
Edmunds (recorder of wills), 146. 
Edmunds, David, 219. 
Education in South Carolina (schools, 

colleges, teachers), 36, 74, 101, 145. 
Edwards, John, 103. 
Elder Brother, The, 44. 
Elkins, Johnston, 176. 
Elliott, Barnard, 219. 
Elliott, Benjamin, 105. 
ElHott, Benjamin (another), 219. 
Elliott, Charles, 105. 
EUiott, Joseph, 21, 22 (2), 24, 26, 133, 

136, 139, 141, 142, 195, 197, 198 (2), 

200 (3), 201, 202, 221. 
ElHott, Mary Middleton, 111. 
ElKott, WiUiam, 176. 
Ellis, Edward, 176. 
ElHs, Isham, 177. 
ElHs, Reuben, 176. 
Elvis, John, 175. 
Elzas, Dr. Barnett A., The Jews of 

South Carolina by, reviewed, 52. 
Emery, Abraham, 176. 
Engineers, 10. 
England, 14, 16 (2), 17 (3), 30, 33, 54, 

55, 61, 150 (4), 151; war between 

France and, 5, 10, 60; prospective 

war between the U. S. and, 14, 15, 

16, 17; South Carolina Gleanings in, 

27-30, 143-152; Bank of, 151 (2). 
EngUsh, John, 219. 
English, John (later), 206. 
English papers, 7. 
Engraver, 226, 228. 
Enoree River, election district eastward 

of, 106. 
Erie, Pa., 97. 
Esom, John, 219. 
Erwin, Katherine, -110. 
Euclid Heights, Cleveland, Ohio, 168. 
Eufaula, Ala., 166. 
Europe, 101, 148, 190, 191. 
Eutaw, battle of, 172. 
Evan, Jean Francies, 132 (2), 138, 139, 

140, 142. 
Evance, Thomas, 106. 
Evans, Benjamin, 176. 
Evans, George, 60, 71. 
Evans, N. G., 209. 
Evans, Susan Sarah, 40. 
Ewing, Jane, 153. 
Exeter (plantation), 29. 
Exmouth, Eng., baronet of, 29. 
Exmouth (plantation), 29. 
Fail, Wilham, 219. 
Fail, William, heir of above, 219, 
Fair American, 199. 
Fairfield County, 204, 214. 
Fairfield District, 205, 206, 209, 210 (3) . 
Fairlawn (barony), 29 (3). 
Falken, John Capen, 148. 
Farar, Benjamin, 106. 
Farmer, WilKam, 219. 
Farming, 13, 14, 15, 19. 
Farrar, Field, 23, 25, 72, 219. 
Farrar, Thomas, 219. 

Farrow, , 150. 

Faunsdale, Ala., 19. 

Fatheree, Benjamin, 219. 

Fayssoux, Dr. Peter, 219. 

Feast, James, 219. 

Federal Courts in South Carolina, 37. 

Field, James, 143. 

Felder, Henry, 107. 

Fenwick, S., 150. 

Fenwicke, Edward, son of John, '27, (3), 

28 (3).:- 
Fenwicke, Edward, brother of John, 27. 
Fenwicke, Elizabeth, Countess of Delo- 

raine, 27 (3), 28 (4). 
Fenwicke, John, abstract of will of, 

Fenwicke, Robert, 27. 
Fenwicke, Sarah, 27, 28 (2). 

Ferguson, , 69, 71. 

Ferguson, Artemas EUiott, 219. 



Ferguson, Thomas, 105. 

Fields, Abraham, 219. 

Fields, James, 219. 

Filpot, Edward, 177. 

Filpot, James, 177. 

Finney, James, 219. 

Finney, John, 219. 

Finney, Michael, 219. 

Finson, Peter, 219. 

Fishburne, William, 133 (2), 141, 196, 
197, 198. 

Fisher, Charles C, 42, 109. 

Fitzgerald, Thomas, 219. 

Fitzpatrick, Jacob, 175. 

Flagg, Dr. Henry Collins, 219. 

Fleek, John, 219. 

Fleming, John, 22. 

Fletcher, Isaac, 21, 24, 26. 

Florida, 16, 163. 

Fludd, William, 107. 

Fogartie, Joseph, 105. 

Foissin, Elizabeth, 170. 

Foissin, Peter, 69, 71. 

Forbis, Patrick, 219. 

Forbis, Wilham, 219. 

Force, Peter, 103, 108 (3). 

Ford, Frederick, 45. 

Ford, Maria, 45. 

Fort, Cams, 172. 

Fort Charlotte, capture of, 49-50. 

Fort Hill (plantation), 12, 14, 16, 168. 

Fort Johnson, 131, 137, 140, 142. 

Fort Mifflin, 55. 

Fort Moore, 86. 

Fort Moultrie, 75, 79 (3), 80, 131 (2), 
133, 226. 

Fort Prince George, 86. 

Fort Sumter, 167. 

Foster, Mr., 170. 

Four Holes Swamp, 144 (2), 145. 

France, 3, 5(2), 6, 8, 9, 10 (2), 17, 27, 
54 (2), 55, 60, 61 (2), 121, 123, 126 (2), 
182, 183(3), 184, 185, 190, 191; war 
between England and, 5, 10, 60; Sec- 
retary of U. S. Legation in, 155; 
special ambassador of S. A. R. to, 167. 

France, Isle de, 60, 61. 

Frankhn, Benjamin, 123. 

FrankHn, Esham, 176. 

Franklin, Isham, 81. 

Eraser, Alexander, 21, 24, 26, 175,200(2), 
201, 219. 

Fraser, Martha, 34. 

Frazier's River, 15. 

Freeman, Henry, 219. 

Freeman, Mrs. Lucy, "219. 

French Ambassador in 1778, 183. 

French American islands, 60-61, 185. 

P"'rench (Huguenot) Church, Char] 

Town, 146. 
French ministry, 60. 
French officers in America, 4 (2), 5, 6(^ 

7, 9 (3), 10, 58, 120-121, 122-123, U 

125, 126, 128, 129, 182, 183(4), 1^ 

186, 187, 191. 
Freneau, Peter, 224. 
Frierson, John, 69, 71, 219. 
Frost, Jacob, 219. 
Frye, Philip, 176. 
Fuller, Frances S., 96. 
Fuller, Thomas, 104. 
Furman, Maria Marshall, 216. 
Furniture, 27, 144, 145-146. 
Gadberry, J. M., 209. 
Gadsden, Christopher, 103, 150. 
Gadsden, Thomas, 21, 22(2), 24, 26, 'i 

76, 77, 78, 79, 130 (2), 132 (2), 133 (^ 

141, 219. 
Gaillard, Theodore, Jr., 105. 
Gaillard, John, 106. 
Gaillard, Tacitus, 107. 
Galliot (schooner), wreck of the, 35-2 
Gallivant, James, 175. 
Gallivant, Richard, 175. 
Gamble, Sergt., 219. 
Gamble, Robert, 69, 71. 
Gamboll, John, 219. 
Gammond, Christopher, 219. 
Garlington, Christopher, 219. 
Gantt, Mary H., 42, 112. 
Garben, Emma, 215. 
Garden, Benjamin, 106. 
Gardiner, Major, 32. 
Garland, William, 177. 
Garner, Samuel, 176. 
Garret, Abraham, 219. 
Gaston, John, 176. 
Gaston, Robert, 219. 
Gates, Christian, 219. 
Gates, Horatio, 64(2), 65(2), 66(4 

188, 189, 190, 191, 192 (2) ; faction of, ( 
Gazette, The South- Carolina, 85, 86, h 

103, 105, 156. 
Gazette, The South- Carolina and Ame 

ican General, 32, 51, 52. 
Gazette, The South-Carolina Weekl 

52, 99, 172. 
Gazette; And Country Journal, T 

South- Cur olina, 32. 
Gazette and Daily Advertiser, The Cit 

33, 36 (2), 52 (2), 89, 90, 102 (2), 17 
Gazette and Public Advertiser, T 

South- Carolina, 154. 
Gazette, and Timothy & Masons Dai 

Advertiser, South- Carolina State, 3 




Gazette of the State of South-Carolina, 

The, 128, 154, 171. 
General Assembly, 78, 88, 89 (3), 141(2), 

172, 174, 198 (2), 226. 
General Committee (1774-5), 103. 
General Hospital (Continental army), 

51, 201. 
General Moultrie, the, 198. 
George, Edward, 219. 
George, Jacob, 219. 

George Town (subsequently George- 
town), 138, 203 (2). 
Georgia, 31, 44, 85 (2), 96(2), 98, 110, 

142, 164, 167, 168(3), 172; 4th. €onti- 

nental battalion of, 140. 
Germantown, Pa., 5, 65, 125. 
Gervais, John Lewis, 106. 
Gibbes, John, 27, 28. 
Gibbes, John, son of Wm., 28. 
Gibbes, Wade Hampton, 47. 
Gibbes, William (1689-1732) . 
Gibbes, WilKam (1723-1780), 106. 
Gibert, Salhe P., 166. 
Gibralter, 35. 
Gilbank, John, 222. 
Gilbert, Barnabas, 31. 
Gilbert, Elizabeth S., 31. 
Gilburt, Mrs. Susannah, 31. 
Gilder, Henry, 176. 
Giles, Thomas, 219. 
Gillett, Dr. Aaron, 219. 
Gilliam, Joshua, 219. 
GilHhan, William, 176. 
Gillon, Alexander, 99, 100(2), 104,219. 
Gilmer, Miss, 164. 
Gilmore, James, 176. 
Gimat, Major de, 4, 182 (2), 184. 
Glenn, Alice, 41. 
Glenn Springs, 15. 
Glover, Augustus, 45. 
Glover, Mrs. Caroline Howard (Gilman) , 

Glover, Joseph, 171-172. 
Glover, Joseph, Jr., 75(2), 76(2), 77, 

79, 130(2), 131, 132(3). 
Glover, Kate, 45. 
Glozar, Nicholas, 219. 
Golightly, Culcheth, 28. 
Goodman, Jacob, 82. 
Goodwin, Peter, 95. 
Goodwin, Sallie, 97. 
Goodwyn, John, 23 (2), 25, 72, 219. 
Goodwyn, Julia, 162. 
Goodwyn, Uriah, 23 (2), 25, 72, 219. 
Goose Creek, 104, 143, 146, 172. 
Gordon, John, 195. 
Gordon, Nathaniel, 219. 
Gordon, Thomas, 33. 

Gore, James, 177, 219. 
Gorget, John Frederick, 222. 
Gossling, George, 219. 
Goulding, Reuben, 219. 
Goulding, Rev. Thomas, 41. 
Governors, 19 (2), 158 (2), 174, 175, 209, 

Gowdy, Robert, affidavit of, 49. 
Graham, Mary, 165. 
Granby, 51. 

Grant, Catharine Wagley, 110. 
Granville County, 83-84, 84, 89, 143 (2). 
Graves, George C., 164. 
Graves, Mary, 219. 
Gray, George, 75, 76, 77(2), 78, 79, 

80 (2), 131, 133, 133, 140, 141, 195. ' 
Gray, Henry, 69, 71. 
Gray, Peter, 69, 70 (3), 71, 219. 
Grayson, John, 219. 
Great Britain, 14, 143, 225. 
Grecians, 134. 
Green, Duff, 163. 
Green, Margaret, 163. 
Green, Mary Caroline, 45. 
Greene, Nathanael, 54, 55, 66. 
Greensboro, N. C, 43. 
Greenville, 110, 158. 
Greenwood, 88, 95. 
Greenwood, Timothy, 151. 
Greenwood, William, 151 (5). 
Gregg, Maxcy (1815-1862), 217. 
Griffin, Gideon, 219. 
Griffin, Lewis, Sr., 219. 
Griffin, Lewis, 219. 
Griffin, Morgan, 219. 
Griffith, Jane, 144. 
Grill, Mary, 29. 
Grimball, Thomas, 20 (2) . 
Grimke, John Faucheraud, 219. 
Grisham, Major, 219. 
Grooms, Gilbert, 219. 
Grouter, Jesse, 219. 
Groves, William, 219. 
Gruber, Philip, Sr., 219. 
Gulf of Mexico, 16. 
Gulf States Historical Magazine, The, 

Gunter, Henry, 219. 
Habersham Family, A History and 

Genealogy of the, 155, 156. 
Hackel, Frederick, 219. 
Haddow, Isaac, 219. 
Haddow, Sarah, 219. 
Haddrell's Point, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 71, 

72, 73, 74, 80, 197. 
Hagan, James, 219. 
Hagood, Alice, 210. 
Hagood, Dr. J. 0., 210, 



Hagood, Johnson, 210. 

Haig, George, 105. 

Hails, Robert, Wade Hampton's letter 
to, 171. 

Hale, Thomas, 220. 

Hales, Richard, 147. 

Hall, George Abbott, 103. 

Hall, Grace, 32. 

Hall, John, 220. 

Hall, Mary Anne, 220. 

Hall, Reuben, 220 

Hall, Silvia, 220. 

Hall, Wilham, 32. 

Hall, William, son of above, 136. 

Halley, Isham, 220. 

Hallum, Thomas, 220. 

Hamburg, 101 (3). 

Hamilton, Andrew, 89, 92, 172. 

Hamilton, Frances, 92. 

Hamilton, James, Sr., 220. 

Hamilton, James, Jr., 220. 

Hamilton, John, 21, 22, 24, 26, 220. 

Hamilton, John (another), 220. 

Hammenger, James, 220. 

Hammond, LeRoy, 106. 

Hampton, Henry, 197. \ 

Hanckel, Rev. C. H., 43. 

Hanckel, Rev. Charles, 42. 

Handley, John, 220. 

Hankinson, Ida, 165. 

Hannah, Wilham, 220. 

Hanover Square, London, 27, 28. 

Harden, Wilham, 106. 

Harlan, William Hunter, 95. 

Harleston, Edward, 104. 

Harleston, Isaac, 22 (2), 69 (2), 71, 
105 (2), 194 (2), 196, 220; Rev. Robert 
Smith's letter to, 20-21; Segoud's 
letter to, 73; Mrs. Elizabeth Harth's 
letter to, 74. 

Harleston, John, 104. 

Harlow, Rev. Mr., 163. 

Harper, Henry, 162. 

Harper, James, 220. 

Harper, John, 177. 

Harper, Robert, 177. 

Harper, Dr. Robert, 162. 

Harrington, H. W., 108. 

Harris, Drury, 177. 

Harris, George, 147. 

Harris, Handy, 92. 

Harris, Rev. John, 106. 

Harris, John, 132. 

Harris, Peter, 177. 

Harrison, John, 220. 

Hart, Benjamin, 207, 213. 

Hart, Claudia, 207, 213, 

Hart, John, 69, 71, 220. 

Hart, Mrs. Mary (Salley), 207, 213. 

Hart, Mary, 213. 

Harth, Mrs. EHzabeth, 74. 

Harvard College, 212. 

Harwell, John, 177. 

Haseland, Wilham, 177. 

Haskell, L. C, 169. 

Hastie, C. Norwood, 114. 

Hastie, Drayton F., 114. 

Hastie, Marie, 114. 

Hastie, W. S., 114. 

Hastie, Wilham S. (1843-1906), bio 
graphical memoir of, 114. 

Hastie & Son, W. S., 114. 

Hatcher, J. Francis, 44. 

Hawkins, James, 177, 178. 

Hay, Rev. P. D., 111. 

Hayes, James, 23, 176. 

Hayne, Robert Y., 158. 

Hayrne, John, 220. 

Hayse, John, 177. 

Hay's Creek, Va., 83. 

Hazen, Col., 128, 190 (2). 

Hazle, Henry, 220. 

Hazzard, William, 21, 22, 24, 26, 220. 

Head, Sir Edmund, Bart., 104. 

Heard, Charles, 220. 

Heard, George Erskine, 161. 

Height, Caro, 96. 

Heir, Matthew, 219. 

Henderson, Lt. Col. (subsequently Gen.) 
Wilham, 23, 25, 51, 72, 73, 220. 

Henderson, Wilham, of Broad and Sa- 
luda fork, 108. 

Henderson, William, soldier in Revolu- 
tion, 220. 

Henry, Major, 10. 

Henry, Col., 124. 

Hessians, 55, 124; deserters from the, 

Hester, Robert L., 44. 

Hext, William, 21, 24, 26, 75, 76, 77 (3), 
79, 80, 130(2), 132(2), 133(3), 141, 
194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 200 (2), 201(2), 
202, 220. 

Heyren, Frederick, 220. 

Hey ward, Daniel, Jr., 105. 

Heyward, Charles, 43. 

Hey ward, Thomas, Jr., 104. 

Hicks, Benjamin, 102. 

Higbee, Rev. Arthur W., 110 

Higginson, Wilham, 151 (4), 152. 

High Hills of Santee, 99. 

Hill, John, 220. 
Hinson, Jesse, 220. 
Hinson, Wilham, Sr., 220. 
Hinson. Wilham, 220..; 



Historical Commission of South Caro- 
lina, 34, 228. 

Historical Magazine, The Gulf States, 

Historical Manuscripts Commission, 
American Historical Association, 
Fourth Annual Report of, 156, 159. 

Historical Notes, 47-52, 99-113, 170-178, 

History and Genealogy of the Haber- 
sham Family (Bulloch) , 155, 156. 

History of the Revolution in South Car- 
olina (Ramsay), 32. 

History of Upper South Carolina, The 
(Logan), 95. 

Hoelbridge, Eng., 143. 

Hogan, Ida Augusta, 212. 

Hogskiss, Samuel, 220. 

Holland, Dominico, 220. * 

Holland, John, 220. 

Hollem, William, 220. 

Hollem, William, Jr., 220. 

Holhnshead, Rev. Wilham, 34. 

Holloms, James, 176. 

Holly, Benjamin, 176. 

Holmes, Mrs. Sarah, 150. 

Holmes, Sarah, 150. 

Holson, EHzabeth, 74. 

Holt, James, 92. 

Hooper, Absolom, 22, 26, 177. 

Hopton, John, 29, 150 (2). 

Hopton, William, 29. 

Horner, Isaac, 220, 

Horry, Daniel, 105. 

Horry, Elias, 105. 

Horry, Peter, 220. 

Horry, Thomas, 105. 

House of Representatives, 89, 91, 154, 

House, John, 207. 

Howe-, Joseph, 107. 

Howe, Gen. Sir William, 7, 56-7, 58, 64, 

Howell, Martha Sarah, 208. 

Howell, William, 108. 

Hudson Buy Company, 16 (2) . 

Huger, Benjamin, 105. 

Huger, Daniel, 170. 

Huger, Daniel Elhott, 17, 18(2), 159. 

Huger, Francis (1751-1800), 170. 

Huger, Isaac, 220; regiment of, 77, 137, 
140(2), 195(2). 

Huger, John, 105. 

Huggins, Andrew, 220. 

Huggins, Benjamin, 220. 

Huggins, James, 220. 

Huggins, John, 220. 

Huggins, WilHam, 220. 

Hughey, Robert, 177, 178. 

Huguenot (French) Church, Charles 

Town, 146. 
Hume, Robert, 145. 
Humphrey, John, 220. 
Humphries, Ralph, 106, 
Hunt, John, 220. 
Hunter, Henry, 108. 
Hunter, John, 220. 
Hunter, Mary, 162. 
Hutto, Henry, 220. 
Hutton, General, 91. 

Hyrne, Edmund, 130, 131(2), 132, 139, 

140, 142, 197. 
Hyrne, Henry, 220. 
Illinois, 110. 

Imhoff, John Lewis Peyer, 220. 
Independent Congregational (Circular) 

Church, records of the, 34. 
Indians, 49, 85-89, 90, 91, 172, 173. ^ 
Inner Temple, London, 170. 
Insurance, 114. 
loor, Joseph, 76, 77, 194, 196. 
Ireland, 99. 
Isle de France, 60, 61. 
Izard, John, 104. 

Izard, Ralph (1688-1743), 145, 146. 
Izard, Ralph (1742-1804), 106. 
Jackson, Col., 128. 

Jackson, Andrew, tariff views of, 12. 
Jackson, Basil, 76(3), 136, 138, 140, 

142, 195, 196, 198, 199, 200, 201(2), 

202, 203. 
Jackson, Daniel, 196 i 
Jackson, John, 220. 
Jackson, Phihp, 177. 
Jacobs, Benjamin, 176. 
Jacques, Jonathan, 150. 
Jamaica, 149, 150. 
James, Benjamin, 176. 
James, John, Sr., 105. 
James River, Va., 83. 
Jasper, William, 175 (2). 
Jasper, William, Jr., 175 (2). 
Jeffers, Allen, 176. 
Jeffers, George, 220. 
Jeffers, Osborn, 176. 
Jeffries, Littlebury, 176. 
Jenkins, Benjamin, 106. 
Jenkins, Reason, 178. 
Jennerrett, Elias, 175. 
Jennings, Mr., 30. 
Jennings, George, 30. 
Jennings, Mrs. Mary (Stone), 30 
Jennings, Viola, 113. 
Jenys & Baker, 145. 
Jerman, Edward, 105. 



Jervey Family of South Carolina, gene- 
alogy of, 31-46, 109-113. 

Jervey, Alan Laird (1850-1856), 42,109. 

Jervey, Alan Laird (1868-), 109, 111. 

Jervey, Alice Le Noble, 42. 

Jervey, Allen Jones, 45. 

Jervey, Amaryllis, 45. 

Jervey, Mrs. Angelina (Dorrell), 39. 

Jervey, Angelina Gabriella, 39. 

Jervey, Mrs. Ann (Didcott), 31, 32. 

Jervey, Ann Laight, 110. 

Jervey, Ann Simons, 44. 

Jervey, Anna Postell, 42, 109. 

Jervey, Annie, 34. 

Jervey, Annie Arden, 46. 

Jervey, Annie S., 45. 

Jervey, Annie Simons, 39. 

Jervey, Arthur Postell (1854-1883), 44, 

Jervey, Arthur Postell (1895-), 45. 

Jervey, Augustus G., 45. 

Jervey, Caroline Ball, 41. 

Jervey, Catherine H., 44. 

Jervey, Catherine Stevens, dau. of Wil- 
liam (L810-1870), 42. 

Jervey, Catherine Stevens, dau. of 
James Laird (1846-1888), 112. 

Jervey, Changuion, 35, 36. 

Jervey, Charles, 110. 

Jervey, Charles Heyward, 44. 

Jervey, Charles Stevens (1844-1845), 42. 

Jervey, Charles Stevens, younger 
brother of above, 42. 

Jervey, Charles Stevens (1880-1881), 

Jervey, Clare, 32, 44, 113. 

Jervey, Daniel DuPre, 39. 

Jervey, David, 31, 32. 

Jervey, Dr. David (1775-1851), 33, 34. 

Jervey, Dudley Boston, 111. 

Jervey, Edward Darrell (1878-), 110. 

Jervey, Edward Darrell (1885-), 110. 

Jervey, Edward Marion, 113. 

Jervey, Edward Theodore, 41, 44, 109, 

Jervey, Edward Theodore, son of above, 

Jervey, Eliza Ann Alston, 38. 

Jervey, Mrs. Ehza H. (Capers), 39. 

Jervey, Elizabeth, dau. of John, 31. 

Jervey, Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Hall 
(1778-1846), 36. 

Jervey, Elizabeth DuBose, 42. 

Jervey, EHzabeth Heyward, 46. 

Jervey, Ella Wilkinson, 111. 

Jervey, Ellen Heyward, 46. 

Jervey, Ellen Hume, 45. 

Jervey, Ellen Screven, 113. 

Jervey, Emma Henrietta, 41, 108. 

Jervey, Emma Smith, 110. 

Jervey, Eugene Postell (1843-), 41, 109, 

Jervey, Eugene Postell (1872-), 110. 
Jervey, Florence Evelyn, 39. 
Jervey, Frances, 46. 
Jervey, Frances Postell, 42. 
Jervey, Francis Johnstone, 44, 46. 
Jervey, Francis Johnstone, son of above, 

Jervey, Gabriel Capers, 34, 39. 
Jervey, George, 31, 32. 
Jervey, Grace Hall, dau. of Davie 

(1775-1851), 34. 
Jervey, Grace Hall, dau. of Gabriel Ca- 
pers, 40. 
Jervey, Grace Sarah, 38. 
Jervey, Harry L., 45. 
Jervey, Helen, 111. 
Jervey, Helen Louise, 109. 
Jervey, Henrietta, dau. of James (1784- 

1845), 40. 
Jervey, Henrietta, dau. of 2d, James 

Jervey, Henrietta Postell, 110. 
Jervey, Henrietta Weldon, 33. 
Jervey, Henry, 109, 110. 
Jervey, Henry Dickson, 41, 109 (2). 
Jervey, Henry Le Noble, 43. 
Jervey, Howell Trezevant, 44. 
Jervey, Huger Wilkinson, 110. 
Jervey, Hume Ford, 45. 
Jervey, Ida Gertrude, 41. 
Jervey, James (1784-1845), 33, 35, 36-37 
Jervey, James, son of David (1775-1851) 

34, 40. 
Jervey, James Cheves, 35, 36. 
Jervey, James David Henry, 35, 36. 
Jervey, James Edward, son of Gabrie 

Capers, 39. 
Jervey, James Edward, son of Jamei 

Postell (1808-1875), 41. 
Jervey, James Laird (1846-1888) , 42, 

111, 112. 
Jervey, James Laird (1874-) , 112. 
Jervey, James Murrell, 41. 
Jervey, James Postell (1808-1875) , 38 (2), 

41, 109. 
Jervey, James Postell (1836-1837), 109. 
Jervey, James Postell (1869-), 109, 111, 
Jervey, James Postell (1888-), 113. 
Jervey, James Postell (1897-), 111. 
Jervey, James Trapier, 46. 
Jervey, James Wilkinson (1874-), 110 

Jervey, James Wilkinson (1901-), 111. 
Jervey, Jean Postell, 111. 



Jervey, John, 31. 

Jervey, John, son of above, 31. 

Jervey, John Leland, 39. 

Jervey, John Screven, 112. 

Jervey, John Singeltary, 39. 

Jervey, Joseph Edward Vincent, 34, 40. 

Jervey, Katherine Ravenel, 113. 

Jervey, Katie G., 45. 

Jervey, Laura Ann, 43. 

Jervey, Laura Susan, 38. 

Jervey, Lawrence Merritt, 112. 

Jervey, Lewis, 38 (2), 44, 113. 

Jervey, Lewis Simons, 44, 45. 

Jervey, Lewis Simons, son of above, 45. 

Jervey, Louis, 110. 

Jervey, Louis D., 40. 

Jervey, Louise ElHott, 111. 

Jervey, Lucy Mary, 44. 

Jervey, Maria Ramsay, 42, 109. 

Jervey, Maria S., 42. 

Jervey, Martha, dau. of James (1784- 

1845), 38. 
Jervey, Martha, dau. of 2d. James, 40. 
Jervey, Martha Hall (1786-1806), 32. 
Jervey, Martha Jane, 40. 
Jervey, Mary, dau. of Thomas Hall 

(1778-1846), 36. 
Jervey, Mary, dau. of James Postell 

(1808-1875), 41, 109. 
Jervey, Mary Capers, 40. 

Jervey, Mary Catherine, 42. 

Jervey, Mary Edwards, 39. 

Jervey, Mary Laird, 112. 

Jervey, Mary Louisa, 41. 

Jervey, Mrs. Mary (Murrell), 41. 

Jervey, Mary Middleton Elhott, 111. 

Jervey, Mary Postell (1816-1887), 38. 

Jervey, Mary Postell (1849-1854), 44. 

Jervey, Maurice Simons, son of David 
(1775-1851), 34. 

Jervey, Maurice Simons, nephew of 
above, 40. 

Jervey, Mrs. Paulina Maria Henrietta 
(Changuion), 35. 

Jervey, Pauline Henrietta, 39. 

Jervey, Pauline Maylin Thomas, 40. 

Jervey, Rene Ravenel (1849-1897), 42, 

Jervey, Rene Ravenel (1875-), 112, 113. 

Jervey, Rene Ravenel (1902-), 113. 

Jervey, Richard C, 34. 

Jervey, Richard Gantt, 112. 

Jervey, Robert David, 38. 

Jervey, Sallie, 34. 

Jervey, Sallie DeVeaux, 112. 

Jervey, Sally Screven, 113. 

Jervey, Sarah Ann, 36. 

Jervey, Sarah Capers, 39. 

Jervey, Sarah Ehza, 41. 

Jervey, Sarah Huger, 110. 

Jervey, Sarah Martha, 38. 

Jervey, Sophia, 39. 

Jervey, Stephen DeVeaux, 112, 

Jervey, Susan, 36. 

Jervey, Susan Dutilh, 110. 

Jervey, Susan Henrietta, 40. 

Jervey, Susan Jones, 39. 

Jervey, Susan Ravenel, 42. 

Jervey, Susannah, 33. 

Jervey, Theodora, 46. 

Jervey, Theodore Dehon (1817-1892), 

38(2), 43. 
Jervey, Theodore Dehon (1859-), 2, 44. 
Jervey, Theodore Dehon (1877-), 45. 
Jervey, Theodore Wagner, 39. 
Jervey, Thomas, 32-33. 
Jervey, Thomas Dehon, 35 (2), 36, 40, 

Jervey, Thomas Hall (1778-1846), 33, 

Jervey, Thomas Hall (1807-1872), 34, 

QQ on 

Jervey, Thomas Hall (1852-1852), 41. 
Jervey, Thomas Hines, 38. 
Jervey, Thomas Kinloch, 41. 
Jervey, Thomas M., 46. 
Jervey, Walter Cocke, IIL 
Jervey, Walter Elliott, 109, 111. 
Jervey, Walter Postell, 41. 
Jervey, Walter Wilson, 112. 
Jervey, William (1780-1782), 33. 
Jervey, William (1810-1870), 35, 38 (2), 

Jervey, WiUiam (1873-1893), 112. 
Jervey, William Capers, 39. 
Jervey, William Edward, 35, 36. 
Jervey, Wilham Haynesworth, 113. 
Jervey, William McCuetcheon, 40. 
Jervey, William Palmer, 109. 
Jervey, William Snowden, 41, 109. 
Jervey, William St. Juhen (1847-), 42, 

Jervey, William St. JuHen (1873-), 112. 
Jervey, William Wesson, 111 . 
Jervey & Walter, 33. 
Jervey's Wharf, 33. 
Jewelry, 29, 144, 149. 
Johannes, Peter, 132. 

Johnson, , 12. 

Johnson, Gov. David, Gen. Shields's 

letter to, 47-48. 
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth (Jervey), 35. 
Johnson, Henry, 35, 36. 
Johnson, James, 52. 
Johnson, Rev. John, 2. 
Johnson, Kitty, 93. 



Johnson, Richard M., 167. 

Johnson, Timothy K., 220. 

Johnson, Wilham, 103. 

Johnson, Fort, 131, 137, 140, 142. 

Johnston, Drury, 177. 

Johnston, Elias, 140. 

Johnston, Jacob, 175. 

Johnston, James, 31 (2), 32. 

Johnston, Joseph E. , 43. 

Johnston, Robert, 220, 224. 

Johnston, William, 177, 220. 

Jones, Benjamin, 220. 

Jones, Daniel, 177. 

Jones, George, 162. 

Jones, Rev. J. L., 110. 

Jones, James, 108. 

Jones, John, 176. 

Jones, Laura, 164. 

Jones, Rev. Lewis, 31. 

Jones, Richard, 220. 

Jones, Thomas, 107. 

Jones, William, 220. 

Joyner, John, 105, 220. 

Joyner, Samuel, 220. 

Justice, John, Sr., 220. 

Justice, John, Jr., 220. 

Kalkoffen, John Jacob, 175. 

Kalteisen, Michael, 104, 220. 

Keith, Alexander, 195. 

Keith, John, 220. 

Keith, Dr. Wilham, 51. 

Keller, Frederick, 220. 

Kelley, Wilham, 220. 

Kelley, Woodford, 220, • 

Kelly, Samuel, 23. 

Kemper, Delaware, 43. 

Kennedy, James, 21, 24, 26, 220. 

Kennedy, John, 176. 

Kennedy, Wilham, 176. 

Kenny, James, 21. 

Keowee, 49, 155. 

Kersey, Isaac, 176. 

Kershaw, Rev. John, 111. 

Kershaw, Joseph, 106. 

Kiawah Island, 199. 

Kilgore, Henry, 220. 

Kilgore, James, 220. 

Kilson, George, 220. 

King Christopher, 22L 

King, Frederick, 221. 

King, George, 107. 

Kirkland, Moses, 49-50. 

Kirkwood, Hugh, 217. 

Kirkland, Blandina M., 166. 

Kite, James, 30. 

Knapp, John, 132(2). 

Knox, Archibald, 221. 

Knox, Henry, 121. 

Kolb, Josiah, 69, 71, 221. 

Kollock, Dr. Charles W., 2. 

La Neuville, Mr. de, 185. 

La Salle, Pierre, 147. 

La Tored du Pin de Monbauban, Mr. 

de, 120. 
La Radiere, Col., 180. 
Lacey, Joshua, 221 
Ladson, Abraham, 221. 
Ladson, Robert, 105. 
Ladson, James, 132, 133, 141, 195. 
Lafayette, the Marquis de, letters of 

to Henry Laurens, 3-11, 53-68, 

115-129, 1^79-193; wound of, 4, 5; 

arrival of in South Carolina in 1777, 

Lafayette, Marshal de, 126. 

Lamb, , 69, 71. 

Lancaster, Pa., 3, 185(2). 

Land records of South Carohna, 84. 

Lang, Wilham, 108. 

Langford, Daniel, 22, 69, 71, 221. 

Lassiter, Thaddeus, 221. 

Latimer, Rev. R. S., 211. 

Laumoy, Col., 180. 

Laurel Grove (plantation), 39. 

Laurens, Henry, 104; letters of the 

Marquis de Lafayette to, 3-11, 53- 

68, 115-129, 179-193, 226. 
Laurens, John (1754-1782), 4, 5-6, 8, 

Lavacher de S'. Marie, 75(2), 76, 77(2), 

79, 80, 130(2), 132, 133, 136, 138, 140, 

141, 194(2), 196, 198, 199, 200(3), 201, 

202(2), 218. 
LeRoy, James, 94. 
LeSerurier, Catherine, 146. 
LeSerurier, Damaris, 146. 
LeSerurier, Mrs. Elizabeth (Leger), 146, 

LeSerurier, James, abstract of will of, 

LeSerurier, James, son of above, 146 (2) . 
LeSerurier, Mary, 146. 
LeSerurier, Susannah, 146. 
Lee, Florence O., 165. 
Lee, Floride, 167. 
Lee, Frances E., 165. 
Lee, Julia Emma P., 165. 
Lee, Richard Henry, 7, 56. 
Lee, Wilham, 108. 
Leech, Joseph, 177. 
Legare, Isaac, 104. 
Legare, James, 69, 71, 221. 
Legare, Thomas, Jr., 106. 
Leger, EHzabeth, 146, 147. 
Leger, Peter, 103. 
Leggett, Elias, 221. 



Legislature (See General Assembly), 
90, 91, 205. 

Leigh, Egerton, 84. 

Leigh, R. A. Austen, 170. 

Leitner, Michael, 108. 

Lemon, James, 22, 26. 

Lempriere, Clement, 104. 

Leonard, Lochlin, 221. 

Lewis, , 13(2). 

Lewis, John, 145. 

Liddell, George, 23(2), 25, 72, 221. 

Light Infantry (of Charleston), festi- 
val of the, .33. 

Limerick (plantation), 170. 

Limestone Springs, 47. 

Lincoln, James, 89. 

Lincoln's Inn, 27. 

Lindsey, John, 108. 

Lining, Charles, 21, 24, 26, 76(2), 77(2), 
78, 80(2), 130, 131, 132, 133(2), 136, 
139, 141, 148(3), 194, 195, 196, 197, 
198, 200(3), 201(2), 202, 221. 

Link, William David, '97. 

Linson, Bettie, 215. 

Lions, Corporal, 70. 

Lippincott Company, J. B., 52. 

Liquor, 80, 135. 

Lisle, John, 108(2). 

Litchfield Law School, 158. 

Litchfield, Conn., 158. 

Little Britain, London, 150. 

Little Pee Dee River, 175. 

Little Russell Street, London, 27, 143. 

Livingston, Moses, 221. 

Lloyd, Benjamin, 221. 

Lloyd, David, 144. 

Lloyd, Edward, 140, 145(2). 

Lloyd, Hugh, 144, 145. 

Lloyd, John, abstract of will of, 144-146, 

Lloyd, John, son of above, 146(3). 

Lloyd, Richard, 144(2). 

Lloyd, Robert, 221. 

Lloyd, Mrs. Sarah, 144, 145, 146. 

Lloyd, Sarah, 146, 

Lloyd, Thomas, 144(2), 145(4). 

Lockhart, Charles, 221. 

Logan, David, 221. 

Logan, George, 51. 

Logan, John, 221. 

Logan, Dr. John H., 95. 

Logan, Thomas, 221. 

Logan, William, 51. 

Loghman, Charles, 221. 

Loghman, John, 221. 

Lomax, William J., 160. 

London, 27(2), 28, 30, 103, 143, 146, 
150(2), 151(3). 

Long, Agnes, 90. 

Long, Alice, 213. 

Long, Mrs. Mary, 221. 

Long, Solomon, 221. 

Long Cane Creek, 83, 84, 85, 88; settle- 
ment on, 84, 85, 86, 89, 156; massacre 
of settlers of, 85-88, 90(3); memorial 
stones to massacred settlers of, 86, 

Loocock, Aaron, 106. 

Loomis, V. B., 96. 

Looney, Robert, 221. 

Lott, William, 221. 

Louise Home, Washington, D. C, 91. 

Louisiana, 207, 208, 213, 215, 416. 

Louisville, Ky., 167. 

Loumber, John, 221. 

Love, Alexander, 107. 

Love, William, 91. 

Lovell, Mr., 5, 9(2), 58. 

Low-Country, 101. 

Lowerman, John, 221. 

Lowndes, Rawlins, 105, 160. 

Lowry, Matthew, 221. 

Lowry, Thomas, 221. 

Lucas's Battalion, 156. 

Lundy's Lane, battle of, 93. 

Lyles, Aramanus, 204. 

Lynch, Thomas, 105, 170. 

Lynch, Thomas, Jr. (1749,1779), 105, 

Lyons, Daniel, 194(2). 

Macham (recorder of wills) , 148, 152. 

Magnolia-on-the-Ashley (country seat) , 

Maham, Hezekiah, 106. 

Makerill, Lieut., 20(3). 

Malbone, Capt., 154. 

Malpas, Ezekiel, 22, 26, 221. 

Malvern Hill, battle of, 208. 

Man Killer (Indian) , 49. 

Manassas, second battle of, 209. 

Manigault, Mr., 20(2). 

Manning, Gov. John L., 155. 

Marcy, Wm. L., 12. 

Marengo County, Ala., 19. 

Marion, Francis, 221. 

Marion, Job, 105. 

Markley, Andrew, 176. 

Marquis, Joseph, 175. 

Marquis, Samuel, 175. 

Marriage Notices in the South- Carolina 
Gazette and Its Successors (Salley), 

Marshall, Benjamin, 208. 

Marshall, Dr. J. W., 95. 

Marston, Nathaniel, 221. 

Martin, Dr., 94(2). 

Martin, Daniel, 195. 



Martin, Dr. James, 23, 25, 72, 157, 221. 

Martin, James, 221. 

Martin, John, 71, 221. 

Martin, Lewis D., 221. 

Martin, Martin, 221. 

Martin, Norman, 221. 

Martin, Rachel, 221. 

Martin, Sarah Caldwell, 157. 

Martin, WilHam, 221. 

Martinico, 61. 

Maryland Line, Continental Establish- 
ment, 52. 

Masfield, Mary, 177. 

Maskall, Thomas, 221. 

Mason, Mrs. A. Lawrence, 100. 

Mason, George, 221. 

Mason, Richard, 69, 70(3), 71, 221. 

Mason, William, 221. 

Massachusetts, 93, 204. 

Massey, Nathan, 92. 

Massey, William, 106. 

Mathewes, John, 104. 

Mathews, Isaac, 90. 

Matthews, J. H., 95. 

Maurepas, Count de, 60. 

Maynard, Benjamin, 144. 

Mays, S. B., 164. 

Mayson, James, 49(3), 50, 106. 

Mayson, James, Jr., 221. 

Mayson, Luke, 221. 

Mazyck, Daniel, 69, 70(2), 71, 221. 

Mazyck, Stephen, 69, 71, 221. 

McAfee, Robert, 107. 

McBeth, George, 221. 

McBride, John, 221. 

McCall, James, 82. 

McCall, Capt. James, 91. 

McCarty, Daniel, 176. 

McCollock, William, 107. 

McCrady, Edward, history of South 
Carolina by, 31-32, 91, 99, 103. 

McCrea, Almira, 44. 

McCree, John, 221. 

McCullough, John, 176. 

McDonald, Archibald, 105, 221. . 

McDonald, Henry, 177. 

McDonald, John, 176. 

McDougal, Alexander, 127, 128, 129, 
180, 183, 184 (2). 

McDougald, , 95. 

McDufRe, George, 17. 

McElwee, James, 221. 

McFaren, Andrew, 221. 

McFarling, Andrew, 221. 

McGee, John, 221. 

McGowan, Henry, 200. 

McGowan, James, 221. 

McGown, James, 221, 

McGrew, Peter, 23, 25, 72, 221. 

McGuire, Elijah, 23, 221. 

McGuire, Merry, 23 (3), 25 (2), 72 (2), 

McGumery, Lieut., 201. 
Mcintosh, Alexander, 108. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. Ehzabeth (Smith), 148 

Mcintosh, Lachlan, abstract of will of, 

Mcintosh, Lachlan, son of above, 148 

Mcintosh, Simon, 148 (6). 
McKain, Peter, 221. 
McKee, John, 221. 
McKelvey, James, 92. 
McKelvey, Robert, 221. 
McKinney, Roger, Sr., 221. 
McKinney, Roger, Jr,, 221. 
McKinney, Timothy, 221. 
McMahan, Daniel, 221. 
McMahan, John, 221. 
McMahan, Luke, 221. 
McMahan, Peter, 222. 
McMurray, William, 222. 
McPheeters, Martha J., 211. 
McPherson, Isaac, 206. 
McQueen, John, 105, 149. 
Meade, John, 147. 
Meadow Run, Va., 82. 
Meadows, Jacob, 178. 
Meadows, John, 178. 
Means, Ahce Hagood, 214. 
Means, Alice Lee, 211. 
Means, Annie, dau. of James Taylor 

(1836-), 213. 
Means, Annie, dau. of Robert Harper, 

son of David Coalter (1825-1876), 214. 
Means, Annie Delle, 215. 
Means, Ballard Preston, 214. 
Means, Barton, 214. 
Means, Benjamin Hart (1833-) 208, 212. 
Means, Benjamin Hogan, son of James 

Taylor (1836-), 213, 215. 
Means, Benjamin Hogan, son of Julius 

Howell (1861-), 215. 
Means, Beverly Wilham, 206, 212. 
Means, Butler, 214. 
Means, Caroline Harper, 206. 
Means, Caroline Jane Nott, 211 . 
Means, Mrs. Claudia (Hart), 206, 213. 
Means, Claudia Sarah (1838-1857), 208. 
Means, Claudia Sarah . (1859-1880) , 212. 
Means, Courtney Hanson, 214. 
Means, David Beverly, 213. 
Means, David Coalter (1825-1876), 206. 
Means, David Coalter, son of above, 






Means, David Harper (1794-1840), 205 

Means, David Harper (1856-), 204, 
Means, Edith, 215. 
Means, Edward (1804-1847), 205, 

207 213 
Means, Edward (1866-), 212. 
Means, Edward John, 205, 211. 
Means, Eliza Heron, 208. 
Means, Eliza Preston, 206. 
Means, Eloise Butler, 211. 
Means, Emma Sarah, 209. 
Means, Emma Stark, 214. 
Means, Ethel Bonner, 216. 
Means, Eugenia Myddelton, 218. 
Means, Fannie A., 211. 
Means, Frances Beverly, 212. 
Means, Frances Coalter, dau. of David 

Harper (1794-1840), 206. 
Means, Frances Coalter, dau. of Isaac 

Hugh, 211. 
IMeans, Frances Margaret, 210. 
Means, Gabriella, 211. 
Means, Gladys, 215. 
Means, H. Perkins, 215. 

Harriet Jane Milling, 208. 

Harriet Preston, 212. 

Henry, 205. 

Henry Furman, 216. 
IMeans, Ida, 213. 
Means, Ida Etta, 215. 
Means, Isaac, son of John, of Boston, 

Means, Isaac (1790-1838), 205. 
Means, Isaac (1841-1841), 208. 
Means, Isaac Hugh, 206, 210. 
Means, Mrs. Isabella (Harper), 204. 
Means, Isabella, 204. 
Means, Isabella Harper, 207. 
Means, Jacob, 204. 

James Frank, 216. 

James Hagood, 210, 214. 

James Hagood, son of above. 



James Linson, 
Means, James Mobley 
Means, James Taylor 
Means, James Taylor 
Means, John, of Boston, Mass 
Means, John, son of above, 204 


(1836-), 208,213. 
(1867-), 213,215. 

Means, John (1789-1790), 205. 
Means, John Coalter, 211. 
Means, John Coalter (1868-), 213, 215. 
Means, John Coalter, son of above, 216. 
Means, John Hugh (1812-1862), 105, 

Means, John Hugh (1863-), 214. 
Means, John Strother, 212. 

Johnson Hagood, 211. 

Julia Bates (1829-1834), 206. 

Julia Bates (1874-1874), 211. 

Julia Indiana, 211. 

Julius Howell (1840-1862), 208. 

Julius Howell (1861-), 213, 215. 

Julius Howell, son of above, 

Kate Leshe, 212. 

Lula, 213. 

Margaret Hill, 214. 

Maria, 211. 

Maria Cornelia, 211. 

Maria Eliza Preston, 206. 

Maria Frances, 207. 

Maria Isabella, 205. 

Marion Mobley, 210. 

Marth, dau. of John, of Boston, 

Martha (1811-1811), 205. 
Martha, dau. of Edward John, 

Martha Cornelia, 207. 
Martha Sarah, 208. 
Martha Scrimzeour, 216. 
Mary, dau. of John, of Boston, 
























Means, Mary, dau. of James Taylor 
(1836-), 213. 

Means, Mary Eugenia, 211. 

Means, Mary Hart, 206, 208. 

Means, Mary Hart, dau. of Benjamin 
Hart, 212. 

Means, Mary Hart, dau. of Robert 
Stark (1833-1874) , 214. 

Means, Mary Taylor, 208. 

Means, Meta Paris, 215. 

Means, Paul David, 215. 

Means, Paul de Vane, 213, 216. 

Means, Rebecca, dau. of John, of Bos- 
ton, 204. 

Means, Rebecca Mary Ann, 205. 

Means, Robert, son of John, of Boston, 

Means, Robert (1796-1836), 205, 207. 

Means. Robert Bruce, 212. 

Means, Robert Harper (1828-1858) , 206. 

Means, Robert Harper, son of David 
Coalter (1825-1876), 210, 214. 

Means, Robert Harper (1860-61), 211. 

Means, Robert Preston, 215, 216. 

Means, Robert Stalk, 209, 213. 

Means, Robert Thomas, 208. 

Means, SaUie Stark, 214. 

Means, Samuel, son of John, of Bos- 
ton, 204. 

Means, Samuel (1793-1793), 205. • 



Means, Sarah, dau. of John, of Boston, 

Means, Sarah, dau. of 2d. John, 207. 
Means, Sarah (1806-1806), 205. 
Means, Sarah Ann Frances, 206. 
Means, Sarah Anne, 207. 
Means, Sarah Frances, 211. 
Means, Sarah Trotti, 211. 
Means, Thomas (1765-1765), 204. 
Means, Thomas (1767-1828), 204; gene- 

ological account of the family of, 

Means, Thomas Coalter (1821-1859), 

206, 208. 
Means, Thomas Coalter, son of David 

Coalter (1825-1876), 210. 
Means, Thomas Coalter, son of Benj. 

Hart, 212. 
Means, Thomas Corbett, 207. 
Means, Thomas Jefferson, 205. 
Means, Thomas King, 213. 
Means, Thomas Taylor, 208. 
Means, Virginia Preston Palmer, 216. 
Means, William Burney (1807-1857), 

205, 208. 
Means, William Burney (1833-1859), 

Means, William Burney, son of Benja- 
min Hart, 212. 
Means, WilHam Burney (1863-) , 213. 
Means, William Burney, son of Julius 

Howell (1861-), 215. 
Means burying ground, 204. 
Mecan, Thomas, 132. 
Medford, N. J., 40. 
Meek, Margaret, 162. 
Memminger, Mrs. Ella (Hastie), 114. 
Memminger, Rev. W. W., 114. 
Mercury, The Charleston, 35, 37, 173. 
Mexico (City), 47 (2), 48. 
Mexico (Republic), prospective war 

with, 14, 15, 17 (2) ; Palmetto Regi- 
ment in, 47-48. 
Mexico, Gulf of, 16. 
Middle States, 14. 
Middle Temple, London, 170. 
Middlesex, County, Eng., 27. 
Middleton, Arthur, 103, 227. 
Middleton, Frances, 164. 
Middleton, Henry, 103. 104. 
Middleton, Henry, grandson of above, 

Middleton, Robert, 164. 
Middleton, Thomas, son of Henry 

(1717-1784), 104. 
Middleton, Thomas, son of William 

(1710-1785), 106. 
Mifflin, Fort, 55. 

Mifflin, Gen., 66; faction of, 64. 

Miles, F. T., 43. 

Military convention of April 26, 1865, 

Militia, 11, 60, 86, 153 (2), 209. 

Miller, Abraham, 176. 

Miller, Adam, 21, 24, 26, 222 

Miller, Jacob, 176. 

Miller, John, 176, 178. 

Miller, PhiHp, 222. 

Miller, Robert, 82. 

Miller, S. Pinckney, 211. 

Miller, WilHam, 176, 222. 

Millgan, Jacob, 99-100, 222. 

Milling, David, 204. 

Milling, Hugh, 204, 222. 

Milling, Mary, 204. 

Milling, Mrs. Sarah (Burney), 204. 

Milling, Sarah, 204. 

Mills, Gilbert, 222. 

Mills, John, 222. 

MisCampbell, Robert, 222. 

Millwee, Dr., 88. 

Millwood, 156. 

Miners and Merchants' Bank, 43. 

Mississippi, 161 (2), 167, 211. 

Mississippi River, 147, 166, 167, 211. 

Missouri, 168, 205, 206. 

Mitchell, Elizabeth, 150. 

Mitchell, Ephraim, 52, 222. 

Mitchell, James, 222. 

Mitchell, William, 222. 

Mobile, Ala., 13, 95. 

Mobley, EHzabeth, 210. 

Mobley, Dr. John G., 206. 

Moffltt, Matthew, 200. 

Monck's Corner, 21. 

Moncrief, Richard, 195. 

Monroe, President, 158. 

Montagu, Lord Charles Greville, Gov- 
ernor of South Carolina, certificate 
of, 32. 

Montcalm, Marquis de, 128 (2). 

Montezuma, 133. 

Montgomery, Ala., 12. 

Montgomery, Va., 208. 

Montgomery, Hugh, 84. 

Moore, Capt., 174. 

Moore, Miss, 162. 

Moore, Alexander, 222. 

Moore, Fanny, 165. 

Moore, Henry, 222. 

Moore, John, 105. 

Moore, John (soldier), 222. 

Moore, Thomas, 222. 

Moore, William, 106. 

Moore, Fort, 86. 

Morgan, Capt., 199. 



Morgan, R., 96. 

Morley (not Newly), George, 28. 

Morris, Mr., 3, 56, 129. 

Morris, Ida, 46. 

Morris, Jane, 29. 

Morris, Thomas, 176. 

Morrow, John, 222. 

Morrow, Matthew, 222. 

Morrow, Robert, 222. 

Moseley, Charlotte, 95. 

Moseley, Martha, 91. 

Moseley, WilHam, 91 (2) . 

Moss, John, 176. 

Mosse, Dr. George, 99 (2). 

Mostyn, Jane, 144. 

Motte,. Charles, 222. 

Motte, Isaac, 106. 

Motte, Jacob, 105. 

Moultrie, Alexander, 193. 

Moultrie, John, 145 (2). 

Moultrie, William (1730-1805), 32, 105, 
131 (2), 136, 198, 199, 201, 222, 227; 
Memoirs of, 103. 

Moultrie, Fort, 75, 79 (3), 80, 131 (2), 
133, 226. 

Mourning rings, 27. 

Moyria, Viscount Joseph Marie Anne 
de, 128. 

Mt. Pleasant, 38. 

Mulcaster, John, 222. 

Mulhering, Charles, Sr., 222. 

Mulhering, Charles, Jr., 222. 

Murphey, Edward, 222. 

Murphey, Michael, 176, 222. 

Murphey, William, 176. 

Murrell, John Jonah, 40. 

Murrell, Mary Martha Eldert, 40. 

Murrell, Susan, 40. 

Muster Master General, Deputy, 32. 

Myrack, William, 23, 25, 72, 222. 

Natchez, Miss., 211. 

Navy, South Carolina's in the Revolu- 
lution, 99, 136 (2), 174, 203, 218 (2), 
219 (2), 221, 222, 223, 224; H. Ma- 
jesty's, 147. 

Neal, Benjamin, 222. 

Neel, Thomas, 107. 

Negroes, 20, 21, 23, 24, 28, 61, 69, 101, 
143, 144, 145, 148, 149, 150, 151. 

Nelson, Emily, 97. 

Nelson. John, 26. 

Neufville, John, 103. 

Nevin, James, 222. 

New Acquisition, 107 (4) . 

New England, 128. 

New England Society, 114. 

New France, 126. 

New Hampshire Volunteers, 43. 

New Jersey, 40, 62, 124. 

New Orleans, La., 167. 

New River, Va., 81, 82, 83. 

New South Sea Stock, 28. 

New York (State), 114; regiment of in 

the Mexican War, 48. 
New York, N. Y., 35, 36, 49, 50 (2), 

111, 114, 167, 168, 192. 
Newberry County, 156. 
Newberry District, O'Neall's Annals 

of, 156. 
Newnan, Ga., 96. 
Newport, R. I., 154. 
Newson, Benjamin, 222. 
Newspapers, 14, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 

38, 39, 41, 51, 52, 64, 85, 86, 89, 90, 

91, 92, 99. 102 (2), 103, 128, 154 (4), 

155, 156, 159. 
Newton, Juston A. , 40. 
Nicholas, Charles, 222. 
Nicholson, John (1733), 146. 
Nicholson, John (1783), 222. 
Ninety Six, 85; election district of, 106. 
Ninety Six District, 49 (2), 89 (3), 93. 
Nipper, James, 176. 
Nixon, Hugh Alexander, 222. 
Nixon, John, 108, 222. 
Noble, Alexander, 85, 153. 
Noble, Alexander (later), 160. 
Noble, Ezekiel Pickens, 158. 
Noble, John, 82, 83, 153. 
Noble, Mrs. Mary (Calhoun), 82, 83, 

Noble, Rebecca, 168. 
Norris, Daniel, 222. 
Norris, Patrick, 91. 
Norris, Robert, 85. 
Norris, Thomas, 222. 
North America, 151. 
North Carolina, 9, 12, 41, 43 (2), 211. 
North River, N. J., 192. 
Northampton (plantation), 112. 
Northampton County, N. C., 41. 
Norwood, David, 222. 
Norwood, John, 222. 
Norwood, Samuel, 222. 
Norwood, Sarah C., 156. 
Norwood, Sarah Mornin, 160. 
Norwood, Theophilus, 222. 
' ' Nullification ' ' Convention, 205. 
Nurses, 201. 
Oats, 19 

Oats, Sergeant, 26. 
O'Brien, Dennis, 222. 
O'Farrell, Alonzo H., 161. 
Official Records of the Union and Con- 
federate Armies (U. S. Govt.), 209. 
Ogier, George, 69, 71, 222. 



Ogier, Lewis, 222.- 
Ohio, 168. 
Oklahoma, 110. 

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 110. 
Oliphant, David, 103, 222. 
OHver, Elizabeth, 222. 
Oliver, Mary, 96. 
Oliver, Samuel, 222 (2). 
Oliver, Thomas, 66, 71. 
O'Neall, John Belton, Aunals of New- 
berry District by, 156. 
Orangeburgh District, 205. 
Ordinance of Secession, 160. 
Ordinary's Office, Charleston, 148. 
Oregon, 14, 15 (3), 16 (2), 17. 
Orphan House, Charleston, 37. 
Orr, Charles, 178. 
Orr, Jane, 161. 
shorn, Thomas, 105. 
Over Hill Warriors, 49. 
Pacific Ocean, 17. 
Paintings, 34, 100. 
Palmer, Joseph, 106. 
Palmer, Sarah, 216. 
Palmer, William H., 216. 
Palmetto trees, 226-227. 
Palmetto Regiment, 47-48. 
Paris, 101, 181. 
Parker, Dr. Edwin, 158. 
Parker, John, 104, 105. 

Parker, Dr. John W., 93. 

Parker, WiUiam, 105. 

Parkinson, Agnes, 74. 

Parliament (Great Britain), 13. 

Parnal, or Parnold, James, 178. 

Parrot, John, 224. 

Parrott, George, 101. 

Parsons, James, 105. 

Parsons, WilHam, 222. 

Partridge, Mrs. Elizabeth, 147. 

Partridge, William, 23, 25, 72. 

Paschal, Minnie, 110. 

Patrick, Henry, 106. 

Patterson, George, 178. 

Patterson's Bridge, 88. 

Patton, James 81 (2), 82 (2), 83 (8). 

Patton, Robert, 106, 107. 

Paul, WilHam, 222. 

Pawley, George, 108. 

Peacock, Robert, 222. 

Pegues, Claudius, 108. 

Pendleton, 14, 16, 100, 159 (2), 167, 168. 

Pendleton District, 154. 

Pennsylvania, 97. 

Peoples, James C, 41. 

Peronneau, John, 78. 

Perrin, WilHam, 92. 

Persia, 134. 

Peterkin, John, 23, 25, 72. 

Peterman, Julia, 163. 

Peters, Mr., 123. 

Petersburg, Va., 39 (2). 

Petrie, Alexander, 195. 

Petrie, George, 21, 22, 24, 26 (2). 

Pettigrew, Minnie, 214. 

Philadelphia, Pa., 2, 7, 10, 40, 65, 103 

124, 166. 
Phinizy, Lulie, 98. 
Pickens, Andrew, 153, 172. 
Pickens, Andrew, son of above, 154. 
Pickens, Francis Wilkerson, letters o: 

John C. Calhoun to, 12-19. 
Pickens, Mrs. Francis Wilkerson, 19. 
Pickens, Susan, 160. 
Pickens District, 155. 
Pictures, 143, 145. 
Pinckney, Charles (1732-1782), 103. 
Pinckney, Charles (1757-1824), 175. 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, 21, 24 
26, 75, 79 (2), 80 (2), 106, 130 (4), 131 
132, 133 (3), 136, 138 (3), 140 (2), 14: 
(2), 142 (3), 194, 195 (3), 197, 198 
199, 200 (3), 201 (2), 222. 
Pinckney, G. M., Life of John C. Cal 

hounhj, 159. 
Pinckney, Thomas, 133, 172, 194, 196 

201, 222 
Pinckney, Capt. Thomas, grandson o 

above, 2. 
PinopoHs, 112 (2). 
Pitts, John, 222. 
Pittsburgh, Pa., 168. 
Plate, 145-146. 
Poage, John, 84. 
Poage, Thomas, 84. 
Poellnitz, Julius R., 208. 
Polk, Ezekiel, 107 (3). 
Polk, President Jas. K., 12, 13, 14, 15, 17 
cabinet of, 12, 13, 17; inaugural oi 
14, 17; administration of, 15 (2). 
Pollard, Richard, 23, 25, 72, 222. 
Pon Pon (Edisto) River, 171. 
Porcher, Philip, 106. 
Port, Thomas, 105. 
Port Royal, 29. 
Port Royal Island, 32, 138. 
Postell, Lieut., 75, 76, 77 (2), 194, 19E 

196, 198, 199, 200 (2), 201 (2), 202. 
Postell, Andrew, 37. 
Postell, Francis, 178. 
PosteH, Mary, 37. 
Potter (recorder of wills), 28. 
Potter, Ephraim, 222. 
Potts, Thomas, 140. 
Powell, George Gabriel, 104, 108. 
Powell, Jacob, 222. 



Powell, Mark, 223. 

Powell, Robert William, 29, 104, 150. 

Powell, Thomas, 223. 

Poyas, John Ernest, 223. 

Prerogative ('ourt, of Canterbury, 146, 
148, 150, 151 (2). 

Presbyterian church, 33 (Scotch) . 

Presidency of United States, 158. 

President of South Carolina, 137, 228; 
barge of, 199. 

Preston, James Patton, 213. 

Preston, Mrs. Mary (Hart), 213. 

Preston, Robert Taylor, 213. 

Preston, Virginia Ann Emily, 213. 

Preston, Waller Redd, 208. 

Price, Aaron, 85. 

Price, Elijah, 123. 

Price, Hopkin, 29. 

Primerose, Nicol, 148. 

Prince, John, 108. 

Prince, Robert, 223. 

Prince, Thomas, 223. 

Prince Frederick's Parish, 105. 

Prince George, Fort, 86. 

Prince George's Parish, Winyah, 105, 
170 (2). 

Prince Williams Parish, 37, 83, 89, 106. 

Pringle, Andrew, 28. 

Pringle, James, 130. 

Prioleau, Samuel (1690-1752), 145. 

Pritchard's Shipyard, 198, 203. 

Privateers, 35, 36. 

Privy Council, 51, 154 (2), 226 (2), 227. 

Probate Court records, Charleston 
County, 32, 102 (2). 

Proby, John, 175. 

Proby, Mrs. Mary, 175. 

Prott, John, 148. 

Proveaux, Adrian, 69, 70 (3), 71, 199, 

Provincial Congress of South Carolina, 
226; first, 89; second, 89; members of 
second, 103-108; journals of the sec- 
ond, 103. 

Prussia, 130. 

Prussia Step, 142. 

Public Lands of South Carolina, Gen- 
eral Agent of, 210. 

Publications of the Southern History 
Association, 90. 

Pueblo, Col., 214. 

Pulaski, Count Cassimer, 53, 183. 

Purcell, Rev. Henry, 223. 

Purkey, Henry, 223. 

Putnam, B. A., 163. 

Putnam, Israel, 193. 

Putnam, Kate Kirby. 163. 

Quartermaster General of the Southern 
Department, 194, 218; Deputy of, 75, 

136, 197, 199, 203; Assistant Deputy, 
77, 220. 

Quebec, 5, 180. 

Queen Street, Charleston, 33. 

Queen's Light Dragoons, 5. 

Rails, Charles, 200. 

Ramage, Mr., 138, 202. 

Ramsay, Dr. David, History of the 
Revolution in South Carolina by, 32. 

Ramsay, Dr. Joseph Hall, 223. 

Randolph, the, 11, 197. 

Rangers, 49, 86, 89. 

Raper, Benjamin, 150. 

Raper, Francis, 150, 151. 

Raper, John, 150. 

Raper, John, son of above, 150. 

Raper, Mary, 150. 

Raper, Robert, abstract of will of, 150- 

Raper, Robert, grand nephew of above, 
150, 151 (4). 

Raper, Sarah, 150. 

Raper, WiUiam, 151 (3). 

Rapley, Richard Andrews, 106. 

Ravenel, James, 104. 

Ravenel, Rene, 42. 

Ravenel Records, 42, 45. 

Read, Jacob, 154. 

Reading, Pa., 9, 185. 

Real Estate in Charles Town in 1778, 30. 

Red Bank, 143. 

Reed, Susan, 167. 

Reed Creek, Va., 81 (4), 82, 84 (2). 

Reeves, Benjamin, 175. 

Reeves, Burgess, 223. 

Regiments of the South Carolina Line, 
Continental Establishment, records of 
the, 20-26, 69-74; 1st., mentioned, 50, 
131, returns of, 21, 22, 24, 26, 69, 
order book of, 75-80, 130-142, 194-203, 
grenadier company of, 142; 2d., men- 
tioned, 20, 50, 131, guard detail of, 
69, return of, 71; 3d., mentioned, 49, 
52, 157, 195, 203, returns of , 23, 25, 72; 
4th., mentioned, 52, 136, 140, 197; 5th., 
mentioned, 137, 140, 142, 195 (2) ; 6th., 
mentioned, 137, 196, 197 (2), 201, 203; 
4th. Georgia, 140; 64th. British, 20; 
33d., 20; 4th. N. H. Vols., U. S. A., 
43; 1st. S. C. Reg. Arty., C. S. A., 
155; 17th. S. C. V., 209, 213; 18th. S. 
C. v., 209, 210; 6th. S. C. V., 211, 212. 

Rendall, Mrs., 29. 

Revolution, 89, 153(2), 170, 171, 172, 
204 (2) ; the first overt act of in South 
Carohna, 49; bounty grants made in 
South Carolina to South Carolina sol- 
diers of the, 173-178, 217-224. 



Revolution in South Carolina, Ramsay's 
History of the, 32; McCrady's, 99, 103. 

Rhett, Alfred, 155. 

Richards, Mary, 223. 

Richardson, Richard, 106. 

Richardson, Richard, son of above, 223. 

Richardson, William, 106. 

Richland District, 206. 

Richman, Dr. Jacob, 106. 

Richmond, Va., 13, 42, 156, 208, 216. 

Richmond Theatre, great fire of the, 93. 

Riddle, William, 223. 

Riddle, William Powell, 223. 

Righton, Mr., 199. 

Ritchie, Mr., 13 (2). 

Ritchie, John, 178. 

Rivers, Isaac, 104. 

Roach, Allen R., 213. 

Roanoke River, Va., 81 (2), 83. 

Roberts, Sergeant, 70. 

Roberts, Joseph, 22, 26. 

Roberts, Owen, 136(2), 137, 140, 197, 223. 

Roberts, Richard Brooke, 223. 

Robertson, James, 223. 

Robinson, Robert, 176. 

Robison, George, 108. • 

Robison, Robert, 178. 

Rogers, Dr. Alexander, 52. 

Rogers, Alexander, 223. 

Rogers, Jacob, 177, 178. 

Rogers, James, 178. 

Rogers, John, 108. 

Roper's Wharf, 136, 140. 

Ross, Francis, 107. 

Rowan, John, 175. 

Rowe, Mary, 29. 

Rucker, Alexander R., 160. 

Rudolph, Michael, 102. 

Rum, 49. 

Rush, Mrs. Margaret, 147. 

Rush, Patrick, 147. 

Russell, Joseph, 145(2). 

Russell, Nathaniel, 149, 150. 

Rosaell, Thomas Commander, 223. 

Russell, William, 21, 24. 

Russia, 17, 227. 

Rutledge, Andrew, 27, 28. 

Rutledge, Edward, 103. 

Rutledge, John, 104, 226 (2), 228. 

Rutledge, Thomas, 105. 

Rye, 19. 

SaHsbury, N. C, 9 (2). 

Salley, A. S., Jr., ], 2; genealogy of 
the Jervey family by, 31-46, 109-113; 
genealogy of the Calhoun family by, 
81-98, 153-169; genealogy of the Means 
family edited by, 204-216. 

Salley, John, 108, 207. 

Salley, Mary, 313. 

Salt, 194. 

Salter, Jacob, 223. 

Saluda River, 82; election district be- 
tween Broad River and, 108 (3) ; up- 
per election district between Broad 
River and, 108. 

Salvador, Francis, 106. 

San Augustine, Mexico, 47. 

San Francisco, Cal., 168. 

Sanders, John, 223. 

Sanders, Robert, 178. 

Sanders, Roger Parker, 75 (2), 76, 77(3), 
79(2), 130(2), 132(2), 133, 136, 194, 
196, 197. 

Sanders, William, 104(2). 

Sandy Hill (plantation), 52. 

Sansom, Jean, 223. 

Santee River, 171, 174; High Hills oi 
(near), 99. 

Saucy Jack (privateer), 35, 36. 

Savage, Thomas, 104. 

Savannah, Ga., 31, 100, 142. 

Savannah River, election district be- 
tween north folk of Edisto River and, 

Saxe-Gotha, election district of, 106. 

Saxon, James, 223. 

Saxon, WilHam, 223. 

Sayre, Mary E., 96. 

Scarff, Joseph, 223. 

Schulkill River, 4, 49(2). 

Scotch Church, Charleston, 33. 

Scotland, 31, 51. 

Scott, John, 28. 

Scott, Lamuel,.133. 

Scott, William, 75 (2), 76 (6), 77 (5), 7S 
(3), 104, 133 (4), 136 (3), 138, 139, 14C 
(3), 141, 142, 194, 195 (2), 196, 19'; 
(2), 198(3), 199(2), 200'(4), 201(2), 
202(4), 203(2). 

Screven, Benjamin, 105. 

Screven, Sallie Virginia, 42, 112. 

Scurlock, William, 223. 

Seal, Thomas, Jr., 176. 

Seal of the State of South Carolina, 
175, 226-228; of the Lords Proprietors 
of South Carolina, 225; of the Prov- 
ince of South Carolina under Royal 
Government, 225-226. 

Sebley, John, 223. 

Sebley, Wilham, 223. 

''Secession" Convention, 209; Ordinance 
of Secession passed by, 160, 209. 

Secretary of the Province, Deputy, 146; 
of the State, 84, 174, 210, 217, 224; oi 
State of the U. S., 159; of War of 
U. S., 158. 



-, letter of to Major Isaac 

Segoud, - 
Harleston, 73. 

Selma, Ala., 166. 

Seminole War, 92. 

Senate, 90, 91, 100. 

Sene2a, 49; town house of, 49. 

Sermons and an Essay on the Penta- 
teuch (Means), 207. 

Seven Pines, b'attle of, 212. 

Shaddon, David, 223. 

Shaftesbury, the Earl of, 225. 

Shealy, W. A., 2. 

Shearer, Michael, 223. 

Shepheard, Charles, 151. 

Sherman, W. T., 43. 

Shields, Gen. James, letter of to Gov. 
Johnson, 47-48. 

Shiver, Robert, 168. 

Shoen, Allen McLee, 156. 

Short, Mrs. Christian (Stone), 30(2). 

Short, Richard Ryder, 30. 

Shubrick, Jacob, 223. 

Shubrick, Richard, 223. 

Shubrick, Thomas, 69, 70(3), 71, 105, 
195, 223. 

Simkins, Arthur, 13, 14. 

Simkins, Mrs. Arthur, 14. 

Simkins, Maria, 156. 

Simmons, Lieut., 75, 76(2), 78, 79, 80(2), 
130, 132 (2), 133, 136(2), 139, 140, 195. 

Simms, Wm. Gilmore, 102. 

Simms, Wm. Gilmore (1806-1870), son 
of above, 102. 

Simonds, Andrew, 161. 

Simonds, Joseph Webb, 93, 161. 

Simons, Ann H., 43. 

Simons, Maurice, 104. 

Simpson, Sergt., 194. 

Sinclair myth, 174. 

Singellton, Benjamin, 104. 

Singleton, Benjamin, 175. 

Singleton, Bracy, 102 (4). 

Singleton, Harriet, 102. 

Singleton, John, 102 (4) . 

Singleton, Mrs. Mary, wife of Thomas, 

Singleton, Mrs. Mary, wife of Ripley, 

Singleton, Matthew, 99, 106. 

Singleton, Richard, Jr., 175. 

Singleton, Ripley, 102 (2). 

Singleton, Thomas, 101-102. 

Singleton, Thomas D., 102. 

Sinking Fund, Chief Clerk of the Com- 
missioners of the, 210. 

Sinkler, Peter, 106. 

Skelton, John, 223. 

Skirving, Charles, 138, 140, 195, 197(2), 
201, 202, 203. 

Skirving, James, 105. 

Skirving, William, 105 (2). 

Skottowe, Thomas, 32. 

Slater, George, 223. 

Slater, John, Jr., 223. 

Slater, Levy, 223. 

Slaughter, Robert, 81. 

Slaves, 23, 28, 101, 143, 144, 145, 148, 
149, 150, 151. 

Sleeker, William, 178. 

Smalbroke, Richard, 28. 

Smith, Col., 128. 

Smith, Aaron, 23 (2), 25, 72,' 223. 

Smith, Andrew, 21, 24, 26, 223. 

Smith, Benjamin, 104. 

Smith, Catherine, 223. 

Smith, Charles, 178. 

Smith, D. E. Huger, 2. 

Smith, Edward D., 38. 

Smith, Emma Gough, 41, 108. 

Smith, Ezekiel, 223. 

Smith, Francis, 148. 

Smith, George, 178. 

Smith, Helen Doremus, 111. 

Smith, Henry A. M., 2(2). 

Smith, Hugh, 223. 

Smith, James, 175, 223. 

Smith, Jesse, 176. 

Smith, John, of Augusta County, Va. , 82. 

Smith, John, Continental Soldier of 
S. C, 176 (2), 178, 223. 

Smith, John, Jr., 178. 

Smith, John Carraway, 23, 25, 72, 223. 

Smith, Margaret, 223. 

Smith, Matthew, 176. 

Smith, PhiHp, 105. 

Smith, Press, 75, 76, 77, 142, 196, 197, 
198, 199, 200(2), 201 (2), 202, 203. 

Smith, Ralph, of the Revolution, 178. 

Smith, Ralph, of the present, 212. 

Smith, Rev. Robert, 105; letter of to 
Major Isaac Harleston, 20-21. 

Smith, Roger, 103. 

Rmith, WilHam, 370, 223. 

Snowden, Prof. Yates, 2, 49, 50 (2), 51, 

Soldier's Retreat (plantation), 100, 101. 

Sons of the Revolution, South Carolina 
Society of the, 114. 

South, the, 13, 168. 

South Carolina, 27 (3), 27-28, 28 (2), 
29 (2), 30, 31 (4), 47, 49, 81, 82, 83, 
84, 85, 89 (2), 99, 100, 101 (2), 
102, 143 (2), 144 (6), 145, 146, 147 (4), 
148, 149, 150 (4), 151, 153 (2), 154 
(2), 156, 170 (3), 173, 204 (2), 205, 



207, 225 (3), 226; miscellaneous rec- 
ords of, 34; Historical Commission 
of, 34; United States Court of, 37 
(2) ; Deputy Clothier General to Con- 
tinental troops of, 78; members of 
the second Provincial Congress of, 
103-108; journals of the same of, 
103; land records of, 84; seals of, 
225-228; newspapers of, mentioned, 
14, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 
41, 51, 52, 64, 85, 86, 89, 90, 91, 92, 
99, 102 (2), 103, 128, 154 (4), 155, 156, 
159, 171, 172; first overt act of the 
Revolution in, 49; Jews of, 52; libli- 
ography of, 52; Senate of , 100, 

South-Carolina, The Gazette of the 
State of, 128, 154, 171. 

South-Carolina and American General 
Gazette, The, 32, 51, 52. 

South Carolina College (now University 
of South Carolina), 49, 50, 167 205 
(2), 207 (2), 208 (2), 209, 210 (2), 212; 
Ubrarians of, 210 212. 

South-Carolina Gazette The, 85, 86, 89, 
103, 105, 156. 

South-Carolina Gazette; And Country 
Journal, The, 32. 

South Carolina Gleanings in England, 
27-30, 143-152. 

South Carolina Historical Society, 114. 

South Carolina Line, ContinentalEstab- 
Kshment, 32, 157, 204; records of the 
regiments of, 20-26, 69-74; order book 
of the 1st Regiment of the, 75-80, 130- 
142, 194-203; bounty grants to soldiers 
of the, 173-178, 217-224. 

South Caroliina Military Academy, 112; 
Board of Visitors of, 209. 

South Carolina Society, 37. 

South Carolina Society, Sons of the 
Revolution, 114. 

South-Carolina State Gazette, and 
Timothy & Mason's Daily Adverti- 
ser, 33, 102. 

South-Carolina Weekly Gazette, The, 
52, 99, 172. 

Southern Department, 218. 

Southern History Association, Publica- 
tions of the, 90. 

Spain, 27. 

Sparrow, John, 69, 71. 

Spartanburg County, 212. 

Speed, John, 92. 

Speed, Sarah, 194. 

Spencer, Calvin, 77. 

Spence, John, 223. 

Spence, Robert, 223. 

Sprague, William, 223. 

Springer, Sylvester, 223. 

St. Andrew's Parish, 104, 114 (2). 

St. Augustine, Fla., 163 (2), 180. 

St. Bartholomew's Parish, 31 (2), 105 

St. Cecilia Society, 114. 
St. Clement Danes, Eng., 28. 
St. David's Parish 104, 108. 
St. George's, Eng., 27 (2), 28. 
St. George's Parish, Dorchester, 104. 
St. Helena's Parish, 31, 105. 
St. James's Parish, Goose Creek, 104, 

143, 146; Church of, 173. 
St. James's Parish, Santee, 100, 105. 
St. John College, Cambridge, Eng., 

St. John's Parish, Berkeley, 29 (2), 52, 

104, 112, 170. 
St. John's Parish, Colleton, 106. 
St. Julien, Louis de, 147. 
St. Louis, Mo., 168. 
St. Margaret Pattens, Eng., 28 
St. Marie, Lavacher de, 75 (2) , 76, 77 

(2), 79, 80, 130 (2), 132, 133, 136, 138, 

140, 141, 194 (2), 196, 198, 199, 200 

(3), 201, 202 (2), 218. 
St. Matthew's Parish, 107, 171. 
St. Michael's Church, Charleston, 37, 

38; churchyard of, 36, 37 (2), 38 (3), 

St. Paul's Churchyard, Pendleton, 159. 
St. Paul's Parish, 105. 
St. Peter's Parish, 37, 106. 
St. Philip's Churchyard, Ch.irleston, 

33, 52. 
St. Philip's Parish, 29. 
St. Quentin, Vermandois, France, 146. 
St. Stephen's Parish, 102, 106. 
Stafford, County, Great l^ritain, 29. 
Stallon, Major, 223. 
Stapleton, Katherine, 149 (2). 
Stark, Gen., 189. 
Stark, Susan Rebecca, 
Starke, Wm. Pinckney, sketch of John 

C. Calhoun by, 156. 
State Bank (of Charleston), 37 (2). 
Staunton, Va., 81. 
Steadman, John, 153. 
Steedman, Charles, Col. Samuel War- 
ren's letter to, 100-101. 
Steele, Charles, 223. 
Steers, Thomas, 145, 146. 
Stephens, Jesse, 223, 
Stevens, Catherine Ravenel, 42. 
Stevens, Jervis Henry, 223. 
Stevens, Joseph, 223. 
Stevens, Mary, 147. 
Stevens, Robert, 147, 148. 



Stevens, William, 176. 

Stevens, Dr. William Smith, 223. 

Stevenson, , 12. 

Stewart, Lt. Col, 52. 

Stewart, Jeremiah, 223. 

Stewart, John, 276. 

Stobo, Rev. Archibald, 31. 

Stone, Benjamin (another), 176. 

Stone, Dotson, 176. 

Stone, Edward, 30 (2). 

Stone, Mrs. EHzabeth, 30 (4). 

Stone, Joseph, 177. 

Stone, Reuben, 223. 

Stone, William, abstract of will of, 

Stono River, 203. 
Storrer, Henry, 223. 
Strand, London, 30. 
Street railways, 168. 
Stripland, William, 223. 
Strother, Charles, 102. 
Strother, Mrs. Dorothy (Singleton), 102. 
Strother, Mary Pope, 212. 
Strother, Thomas Singleton, 102. 
Strother, Wilham, 102, 108. 
Stuart, Edwin Roy, 110. 
Sugar House, Charles Town, 202. 
Sullivan's Island, 33, 226, 227(4). 
Summit, N, C, 41. 
Sumter, 39, 166. 
Sumter, Thomas, 106, 137, 196, 197 (2), 

Sumter, Fort, 167. 
Sunn, Dr. Frederick, 223. 
Surgeon General, 219. 
Surphley (plantation), 144, 145 (4), 146. 
Surrey, County, Eng., 143. 
Surveyor General, 84. 
Sutton, John, 223. 
Switzer, Henry, 224. 
Sword, James, 23, 25, 72, 224. 
Sword, John, 224. 
Tailor, 23, 25, 72. 
Tamar (man-of-war), 225. 
Tankersley, John T., 161. 
Tappar, Wilham, 224. 
Tariff, 12, 13, 14. 
Tate, William, 224. 
Tatum, Christopher, 224. 
Taylor, Ann, 150. 
Taylor, Edward, 147. 
Taylor, Edward, son of above, 147 (2) . 
Taylor, Floride, 34. 
Taylor, John, 224. 
Taylor, L. T., 161. 
Taylor, Samuel, 224. " 
Taylor, Thomas, 108. 
Teague, John, -224. 

league, Margaret, 164. 

Teaster, Benjamin, 22, 26. 

Temple, Jacob, 224. 

Temple, Peter, 224. 

Templeton, Miss, 96. 

Temporary Seal, 228. 

Ten Mile House, 136. 

Tennent, Rev. Wilham, 106. 

Tennent, Dr. Wilham, 160. 

Tennessee, 12. 

Terry, Champness, 106. 

Terry, Charles, 30. 

Texas, 16, 162, 164, 166, 167, 169, 212, 

Thalian Academy, 167. 
Theus, Simeon, 21, 22, 24, 26, 76, 77 (2), 

78, 79, 80, 130 (2), 138, 195, 199, 200(2), 

201, 202, 203, 224. 
Thomas, Dempsey, 224. 
Thomas, Elizabeth Mayhn, 40. 
Thomas, Mrs. Jane Baker, 40. 
Thomas, John, 108. 
Thomas, Joseph Leeds, 40. 
Thomas, Rachel, 146. 
Thomas, Wilham, 224. 
Thomhn, Thomas, 176. 
Thompson, John, 224. 
Thompson, Rev. Wm. T., 111. 
Thomson, Col. William, regiment of 

(3d.), 52, 195, 203. 
Thoroughgood (plantation), 145. 
Thuston, Thomas, 224. 
Tillman, Edward, 93. 
Tillman, Salhe, 169. 
Times, The, 34, 91, 99, 154, 157. 
Timms, James, 177(2), 178. 
Timothy, Peter, 103(3). 
Tobacco, 101-102. 
Tobler, Ulric, 86(2). 
Todd, John, 102. 
Tomerlain, Thomas, 224. 
Tom's Creek, 149. 
Tominey, Andrew, 178. 
Tonnyhill, Rebecca, 92. 
Toomer, Anthony, 104. 
Tooting, Eng., 143. 
Torrens & Poan, 149. 
Towles, Oliver, 224. 
Townes, Dr. Henry, 158. 
Townsend, Paul, 104. 
Towton, George F., 43. 
Trapier, Mrs. Elizabeth (Hey ward), 43. 
Trapier, Hannah Heyward, 46. 
Trapier, Gen. James H. 43. 
Trapier, Paul, 170. 
Trapier, Paul, Jr., 105, 170. 
Trapier, Rev. R. S., 110. 
Treadwell, Adonirum, 175. 



Treadwell Swamp, 175. 

Trezevant, Lucy Mary, 44, 110. 

Trinity Church, St. Augustine, Fla., 163. 

Troillard, , 147. 

Troop, Col., 185. 

Trotti, Samuel Wilds, 204. 

Troublefield, John, 14. 

Troy, 88 (2) . 

Tryon, N. C, 12. 

Tucker, Josie, 169. 

Tucker, Thomas, 106. 

Tucker, Thomas Tudor, 104, 224. 

Tufkin, Texas, 215. 

Turenne, Count de, 65. 

Turner, Eleazer, 224. 

Turner, George, 21(2), 22(3), 24(2), 
26(2), 75, 76, 77, 78, 80 (3), 130, 131, 
132, 133(2), 138, 139, 140, 141, 195, 
197 (2), 198 (2), 200, 201 (2), 202, 224. 

Turner, John, 108. 

Turner, Joseph, 224. 

Turpin, Annie E., 97. 

Turquand, Rev. Paul, 107. 

Tutt, Richard, 178. 

Tyler, President, 158. 

Union, 166. 

Union (not Lemon) Street, Charles 
Town, 29, 30. 

United States, 43(2), 47, 122, 125, 154, 
175, 218; war between the Confederate 
States and, 156; South Carolina con- 
vention that adopted the constitution 
of the, 172; minister of to Russia, 227. 

United States Army, 43, 93, 109 (2), 
110 (2), 112, 159; Official Records of 
the, 209. 

United States Court for the District of 
South Carolina, 37(2). 

United States Military Academy ( ' 'West 
Point"), 109(2), 110, 155. 

United States Navy, 100, 155-6. 

United States Senator, 154, 158, 159. 

Up-Country, 85, 89. 

Valencia, Gen., 47. 

Valfort, the Marquis de, 5, 6, 11, 60, 
185, 186. 

Van Buren, Martin, 12. 

van Devander, H. N., 96. 

Van Plater, Philip Frederick, 222. 

Vance, Jacob, 82. 

Vance, John, 28 (2). 

Vander Horst, Arnoldus, 104. 

Vander Horst, John, 132, 133, 139, 140, 
141, 142 (2), 194, 198, 199, 200 (2), 202, 
203, 224. 

Vann, John, 49(3). 

Vaun, Martha, 178. 

Vera Cruz, Mexico, 47. 

Verdier, Jane, 162. 

Vermandois, France, 146. 

Verree, Joseph, 103. 

Vice-President of the United States, 158. 

Vienna, 93, 157, 160. 

Villefrancke, Major, 180. 

Virginia, 12, 13(2), 41, 81(2), 84(2), 
91, 101 (2), 111, 115, 116(2), 156, 170, 
172, 213, 214, 216; regiments of the 
Continental Line of, 115; members of 
the Continental Congress from, 117; 
Council of the Province of, 81, 82; 
General Court of, 83 (2). 

Virginia Military Institute, 44, 45. 

Virginians, 59, 115, 124. 

Volentine, Mr., 142. 

Volvoy, John, 224. 

Waccamaw River, 144. 

Waddel, Rev. Moses, 9(2), 93(2), 
157(2), 158. 

Waddle, James, 224. 

Wade, William T., 160. 

Waldrop, Joseph, 177. 

Walker, , 12. 

Walker, John, 151. 

Walker, Joseph, 224. 

Walker, Richard, 145. 

Walker, William, 144. 

Walker, WilHam (another), 177. 

Wall, Richard, 176. 

Wall, Richard, Jr., 176. 

Wallace, WilHam, 206. 

Walsall, Eng., 29. 

Walter, Abel, 143(2), 144. 

Walter, Alleyne, 143. 

Walter, Henry, 143, 144 (2). 

Walter, James, 143. 

Walter, John, of Tooting, Eng. , abstract 
of will of, 143-144. 

Walter, John, son of above. 143, 144. 

Walker, John, son of Abel, 143, 144. 

Walter, Lucy, 143, 144. 

Walter, Mary, 143. 

Walter, Meynell, 143. 

Walter, Richard, 104, 143. 

Walter, WilHam, 143. 

Wambaw Creek, 99. 

Wappoo Cut, 199. 

Warburton (recorder of wills) , 30. 

Ward, Daniel, 224. 

Ward, Frederick, 224. 

Ward, John Peter, 21, 22, 24, 26, 224. 

Ward, Richard, 224. 

Ward, WilHam, 21, 22, 24, 26, 224. 

Ware, James, 224. 

Waring, Mr., 1'54. 

Waring, Benjamin (1733), 145, 146. 

Waring, Benjamin (1776), 104. 



Waring, Richard, 104. 

Waring, Thomas, 104. 

Wariey, FeHx, 23 (2), 25, 72, 224. 

Warley, George, 22, 69, 70(3), 71, 224. 

Wariey, Joseph, 23 (2), 25, 72, 224. 

Warner, , 20(2), 21. 

Warnock, John, 224. 

Warren, Samuel (1761-1841), 224; letter 
of to Charles Steedman, 100-101; John 
Blake White's portrait of, 100. 

Washington, D. C, 12, 91(2), 93, 159, 
163, 167, 192. 

Washington, George, 6, 53, 59, 63, 64, 
65, 66(4), 67(2), 124, 126 (2), 126-7, 
127, 180 (2), 181, 183 (2), 184, 185. 

Washington County, Texas, 166. 

Wateree River, election district east- 
ward of, 106, 106-7, 107. 

Waters, Henry F., 27, 143. 

Watson, Samuel, 107(3). 

Watts, Thomas, 178. 

Weatherly, Lieut., 75, 76 (2), 77, 79(2), 
130(2), 132, 133, 136, 140, 141, 194, 
195, 197, 198, 199, 200(2), 201(2), 202, 

Weathers, Valentine, 177. 

Weaver, Thomas, 224. 

Webb, Jean Bontecou, 111. 

Webber, Mabel L., 2. 

Welch, Edward, 195. 

Weitzell, Dr. John, 224. 

Welch, Henry, 79, 133. 

Wellborn, Lucy, 94. 

Wellborn, Susan, 96. 

Wells, Mr., 194. 

Wells, Samuel, 102. 

Wells, Mrs. Susannah (Singleton), 102. 

Wesson, Helen Louise, 41, 109. 

Wesson, William H., 41. 

West, the, 14. 

West End Avenue, New York City, 167. 

''West Point" (United States Military 
Academy), 109 (2), 110, 155. 

Weston, Hon. F. H., 2. 

Weyman, Edward, 104. 

Wheat 19. 

Whitaker,* Richard, 224. 

White, Col., of Georgia, 137, 140. 

White, Anthony, 105. 

White, Henry, 197. 

White, James, 23, 177. 

White, John Blake, 100. 

White, Sims, certificate of to contrac- 
tor, 50. 

White, Thomas S., 224. 

White Marsh, 54. 

Whitefield, George, 49. 

Whitehorn, Mr., 154. 

Whittington, Bartholomew, 224. 

Whittington, Burwell, 224. 

Whittington, Edward, 177. 

Whittington, Ephraim, 177. 

Whittington, Griff, 177. 

Whittington, Isaac, 27(2), 28(2), 177. 

Whittington, Jarret, 177. 

Wickley, John, 224. 

Wilkinson, Ella Fliddleton, 41, 110. 

William and Henry, 154. 

WilKams, Miss, 168. 

WiUiams, George W., 168. 

Wilhams, Isaac, 224. 

Wilhams, James, 108 (2) . 

Williams, John, 108(2). 

Williams, John (soldier), 224. 

Williams, John S., 94. 

Williams, Joseph, 23, 25, 72, 224. 

Williams, Robert, 149, 150(2). 

Wilhams, Robert, Jr., 30, 150. 

Williamson, Andrew, 50, 106. 

Williamson, John, 75, 76 (2), 77 (2), 78, 
79, 80, 130, 132 (2), 136, 140 (2), 195, 
197 (2), 199, 200 (3), 201 (3), 202, 203. 

Wilhamson, WiUiam, 106. 

Willmoth, John, 140. 

Willson, Wilham, 224. 

Wilson, Brazil, 177. 

Wilson, Henry, 177, 224. 

Wilson, James (Legislator, 1776), 108. 

Wilson, James (Revolutionary Soldier) , 
23, 222. 

Wilson, John, 85. 

Wilson, Robert, 177, 178(2). 

Wilton, Mr., 170. 

Winges, Thomas S., 213. 

Winn, John, 108. 

Winn, Minor, 224. 

Winn, Richard, order of, 51. 

Winnsboro, 51, 

Winston, Clifford, 167. 

Winter, John, 147. 

Winter, John G., 162. 

Winter, Nathaniel, 147. 

Winyah Bay, 136, 170 (2), 197. 

Wise, Samuel, 108, 224. 

Withers, John, 224. 

Withington, Lothrop, 27, 143. 

Wofford, William, 108. 

Wood, Benjamin, 224. 

Wood, Francis, 224. 

Wood, Wilham, 224. 

Wood's River, Va., 82 

Woods, Hon. C. A., 2. 

Woods, Joseph, 107. 

Wright, Mr., 173. 

Wright, Emma, 214. 

Wright, John, 104. 



Yale College, 158. 
Yarborough, Miss, 160. 
Yarborough, Edward, 164. 
Yarborough, Lewis, 224. 
Yarborough, William, 224. 
Year Book, City of Charleston, 225. 
Yemassee Indians, 173. 
York, Eng., 150. 

York, Pa., 7 (2), 8, 54, 56, 115(2), 116, 
120, 122, 123, 126, 179, 182, 185, 186, 

Yorkshire, Eng., 150. 

Young, Benjamin, 105. 

Young, Moses, 4. 

Young, John, 224. 

Zeigler, Mamie, 98. 


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VOL. VIII. JANUARY, 1907. No. 1. 

TO HON. HENRY LAURENS, 1777-1780. 

(Continued from the October number.) 


Albany the 23^^ f ebruary 1778 
Dear Sir 

I am so busy the whole day and so troubled for trifles 
that I am obliged to spend the nights in wraiting, and it 
is at three a clock in the morning that I come to recall 
the Canadian Commander in chief to your memory— 
You will have received, my dear sir, a long letter of 
mine where I let you know all the disapointements 
met with — you can not conceive at which point I am 
distressed and unhappy by that affair— it is the most 
disagreable I have found, and I dare say, Fl find in my 
life — more I consider the matter, more I see that it was 
impossible to go on— let it be a deception, a treachery, 
what you please, it was impossible for one single man to 
run through that dark cloud I was alwais surrounded 
with— I want rather to omitt an occasion of distinguish- 
ing myself than if I was to loose an army trusted to my 
care and bring an eternal dishonor upon the american 


certainly there is some [obliterated word] in that affair 
—I am almost sure it is — but however we had no 
means of proceeding — I hope you will be so good as 
to let me know every thing which has been told about 
me even my the public— I send this night to gnl gates 
the copy of two letters from gnl conn way and gnl fellow 
which I desire him to present to Congress— I hope you 
will take care he do'nt forget them 

I confess, Sir, that after such a noise made on ac- 
count of my commanding an army, I expect and wish 
much to be put in a separate command to do some thing 
— I am told an attak upon niew york is not looked on 
as impossible, and the people is very willing to go on 
that expedition — the command of the north river can 
be interesting, this of the northern department could be 
added— in all, my dear sir, I speak here as a friend be- 
cause this letter is a private one, I want much to be en- 
abled to mind my reputation and the honor of the army 
under my command, on account of theyr not going to 
Canada— but take care of Connway — if however 
things do'nt go in a decent way Tl have alwais the 
pleasure to see you and embrace you at the french fash- 
ion before my leaving this country. 

I am busy in paying debts— every department cryes 
after me for monney — I have given leave to them to 
borrow on my private credit, and satisfy the people as 
fast as they can — for the public credit is very low— 
I try to do here for the best, but am however very dis- 
tressed by my not knowing the bounds of my power in 
this department— they do'nt know any thing but a 
commander in chief 

here are more than twenty french officers all very 
willing to stay or go of with me — I do'nt know what 
I can do for them — Mr de f ailly and mr de luce have 
told to me that they had been promised I schould giv^ 


them colonel's and major's commissions— but I have 
no blank ones— I have sent to pookepsie to print cer- 
tificates of the oath of alleagance. 

you have acquainted me, sir, that monney was very ea- 
sily to be found at four for one in giving bills for f ranee 
— be so good if it is possible to direct your young man 
to borrow five or six thousand dollars at that rate — I 
beg you thousand pardons for such a commission, but 
friendship excuses all. 

if there are some niews, some niews papers &c &c be 
so kind as to forward them to me— I beg you above 
all to be very very particular about every thing which 
has been said publikly or privately of the Canadian ex- 
pedition and the commander in chief— do'nt be afraid 
to forward any disagreable compliment. 

with the warmest attachment and highest regard I 
have the honor to be 

dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 

the M" de Lafayette 
the gentleman who was to carry this letter has forgot- 
ten it, I give to one of general conn way's acquaintances, 
be so good sir as to answer me soon because I do'nt 
know how to do in the present circumstance 
Endorsed by Lafayette: private affairs 
Endorsed by Laurens: Marquis delaf ayette 

23' ffebry 1778 
Rec^ 5 March 
• Answ' 6"\ 

Albany the 11'^' march 1778 
Dear Sir 

I have just received a resolve of Congress dated the 
24"' f ebuary where it is reccommanded to me not to un- 
dertake the expedition of Canada if I do'nt find a proba- 


bility of success without running any apparent hazard, 
also a letter from the board of war dated the 25'^ where 
some ideas are given of every thing being not in a so 
good order as they had believed, but that to gain some 
thing, some thing must be risqued^ those ideas of the 
h^'^' board of war could have been streghtened by my let- 
ters which I understand were arrived the day before 
this was wrote — however the letter of the board as 
well as the directions of Congress could not have any 
influence in the present affair, for they arrived about 
the time that the lakes begin to be impassable, or at 
least very few days before— the h^'" Congress must 
have got now a report of the reasons of my Conduct in 
stopping the intended incursion — a single one of 'em 
was sufficient to give up all ideas of making the enter- 
prise— I can assure you that never any disapointement 
afflicted me so much as this I met with in the present 

I am coming this morning from the Indian treaty 
where I am told our presence, as f rench men, was not 
quite useless to the negotiation — I wish it may have 
been so. 

I have wrote four days ago to governor clinton about 
an affair of some importance, and had deffered my giv- 
ing notice of it to Congress in hopes that I'd be able to 
get a greater light about it, and indeed to aprehend the 
leader of the plot— but such are the only things I have 
discovered which I think of my duty to mention here to 
give a niew instance of the humane projects of our 

before I went to john's-town an anomius letter was 
brought to me where I found intelligence of a plot car- 
ried on to burn the city of albany, the stores, magazines, 
batteaux as soon as the rivers would oppen— that troops 
were inlisted for the purpose, that many officers and 


gentlemen were to be assassinated by their own nigroes 
&c &c &c some persons were designed who at the re- 
quest of the committee were taken up at the same hour 
tho' very distant one from another, but it was impossi- 
ble to get any intelligence from 'em neither any proof 
against them— the next day I was acquainted in scnec- 
tady that a soldier had been put in goal for some 
plot of desertion — gnl connway and myself spent a 
part of the night in examining him — the next day I 
ordered a court martial, and inclosed you'l find here 
what intelligence I have been able to collect — some 
other reasons as conversations heard between british of- 
ficers &c engage me to believe that there is some thing 
of that kind under hand which being half discovered is 
also half prevented provided we can have men to fight 
and every thing necessary for them— I have sent 
partys every where, I have promised fifty guineas to 
any one who could aprehend carleton but I did not find 
again either magazine or the major himself— if he is 
taken what I do'nt despair of, Fl get from him before 
he'l be hanged every possible intelligence which Fl for- 
ward immediately 

I am very sorry, sir, to inform you that the troops are 
much dissatisfied by want of pay— for instance (and 
it would be too long to name them all) C"^ Livington's 
rgt at John's town complains very much and do'nt 
choose to receive any part of their pay till they will 
have the whole— the colonel di'nt believe prudent to 
send too compagnies of 'em to a particular post till they 
would be pay'd— I sent therefore to albany, but the 
dep. paymaster refused to comply to the order, and rep- 
resented to me himself that he was not to obey to me, 
because gnl gates has forbidden him to give any monney 
but upon his own warrants as holding yet the immediate 
command of the troops in this departement, and those 


warrants have been given to any other but the troops— 
therefore I find myself unable to satisfy them, and 
obliged to pay them from my pocquet as far as I'l have 
monney— without monney and without cloathes we 
ca'nt have soldiers. 

with the greatest impatience I expect the directions 
of Congress for what I am to do and to be — I am 
obliged tho' with reluctance to advise you, sir, that 
there are about this place a shamefull niews running in 
many mouths which I am as far to believe as I have an 
high respect for the honor, virtue, and give me leave to 
say, the good sense of those of the Congress of the 
united states who are now in york— they speack of a 
kind of accommodation under the name of truce where 
the independency and rights of america as a free 
country are not acknowledged— I wish'd to know what 
punishment inflige to those bad wishers to the country 
who spread such rumours 

with the highest regard I have the honor to be ^ 
dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M" de Lafayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
11*'\ March 1778 
Reed the IS*'^— 


the 12 march 1778 
dear sir 

My letter was not yet sent a way when the dispatches 
of Congress and the board of war came by mjor brice 
into my hands which I am going to answer and I will 
inclose the former letter in the same pacquet— there 
were in that former letter some reflexions of mine about 
certain rumours concerning an accomodation betwen 
england and what they call theyr colonies, which I am 
very happy to say is groundless. 


I declare now, sir, that I have the honor to wrait to 
the president and Congress of the united states — this 
precaution you will find not quite useless if you remem- 
ber that my letter favoured by kosiasko has been op- 
pened before arriving in the hands of the president — 
such mistakes schould not happen too often an this for 
reasons obvious. 

I hope the gentlemen who have so kindly taken care 
of my letter have not forgot any thing in all the copys 
inclosed in it— I schould be particularly sorry, had 
they lost an account of those of the debts in this depart- 
ment (amounting to about eight hundred thousand dol- 
lars) which I could have known in a so little time— to 
avoid any mistakes of this kind I take the liberty of 
sending the whole packet to Congress, and I hope, sir, 
you'l be so good to send those who are directed to the 
board of war after having read them. 
Tho' I was confident I had acted according to my con- 
saince and the common Sense, I must however confess 
the approbation of Congress afforded me the greatest 
pleasure — things are some times so badly represented 
at four hundred miles— from the motives who brought 
me to this country, from those who have detained me 
till this moment you may easily conceive, sir, how happy 
I am to meet with the satisfaction of the representa- 
tives of a people whose interests have alwais been so 
dear to me. 

I have the pleasure to inform you that I got intelli- 
gence of two mortars, many balls and small arms buried 
by g"^ burgoigne in his retreat from sarathoga — Fl 
send there tomorrow morning to know the truth of that 
report, and try to get out that very small little supply 
for our stores. 

in one of the resolves of Congress who have been sent 
to me by g""^ gates it is said that Fl give accounts of my 


Conduct to the board of war, in this you are so good as to 
send me I am directed to give those accounts to Congress 
and the board — it is to comply to this last that I have 
the honor to wai't the present letter, 
the board of war speacks alwa'is to me of those 400Q00 
thousand dollars, but besides the Cannot pay 800000, the 
board knows very well that this monney will not be suf- 
ficient to pay the warrants already given. 

gnl gates tells me that a niew arrangement will be 
made for the general officers in this part of the Conti- 
nent — that sentence I do'nt understand, but was in- 
terpreted to me in this way— the marquis and general 
Kalh will leave to g''^ Connway the chief command of the 
troops, if it is so (unless such a disposition has been 
made out of a particular consideration for general Wash- 
ington's reccommandation) Fl beg leave to object 
that in my country we hold a particular military com- 
mand as an honorable mark of confidence— that if I 
am recalled to leave this command in the hands of a 
gentleman who comes from europe as well as myself, 
who is not above me neither by his birth neither by his 
relations or influence in the world, who has not had any 
more particular occasion of distinguishing himself than 
I have had, who has not the advantages I can glory my- 
self in, of being born a f rench man, I will look upon my- 
self as not only ill used but very near being affronted — 
and such will be the sentiment of all those of my nation 
and europe whose opinion is dear to me. 

I am very far from making complaints — but as I 
hope Congress returns me some of the warm attach- 
ment I have schowed for theyr country, they will 
permit and approve my going to f ranee immediately— 
I am sorry that this going away will take of from the 
army many f rench officers more useful than myself — 
but I schould be very ungrateful for general de Kalb, 


g""^ portail and the engeneers, le m^'deCatoylne and almost 
all the f rench officers now in the continental army, was I 
to refuse theyr instances for following me in my going 
over to f ranee— those who are at albany have renewed 
them to me when they heard of general connway com- 
manding here and my being recalled. 

do'nt believe, sir, that I speack here out of any particu- 
lar ambition of supreme Command — I was very well, 
I was very happy and quiete near the most respectable 
friend and the best general I can meet with— but I 
have been sent to command in chief in a particular place, 
the expedition is stopped, and immediately after a chief 
command is given to one of my officers when I am di- 
rected to repair to the main army — how do you think 
such a treatment will look? how can I agree to it? 

I am wraiting here upon an uncertainty for the intel- 
ligence of g"' connway Commanding this army is not yet 
given to me inform, but, sir, if the niews is true I de- 
sire my intentions schould be known soon, if not, I have 
no objections to the Congress knowing what I think my 
reputation would have obliged me to do in such a case— 
my heart schall alwais be opened, my frankness is as 
well known in courts as any where else, and I do'nt fear 
to tell freely my sentiments upon every happened or to 
happen occasion — Congress can read in my mind, and 
they will find the warmest attachment for theyr cause 
joined to the love of my own glory. 

I am sure Tl never meet with disagreaments of this 
kind from the court of f ranee not even in favor of mon- 
sieur connway, but even then the case would be dif er- 
ent — love and duty bound me to the service of my 
country and there Fl serve as chearfully grenadier as 
general — in america, sir, I am only bounded by a 
friendship independent of any duty as soon as I am out 
of the service. 


Was I to give out schemes, I would desire ardently to 
be directed to find if there is some propability of succe's 
in an enterprise against niew york; was I to desire some 
particular post, and was I certain of what every body 
tells about g"^ putnam leaving the service, I schould say 
that fish kill is a very agreeable command, when it 
would be only for being a portee of receiving general 
Washington's orders and instructions more frequently 
than in this place— was I to give an advice, I schould 
say that any military post who is not under general 
Washington's immediate command is a very improper 

in expecting your answer with a very great impa- 
tience because time is short, and the campaign ready to 
be oppened, I have the honor to be with the greatest re- 


Your most obedient servant 
the m'' de Lafayette. 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

12 March 1778 Rec^ 18^''— 


Addressed: private letter 

the honorable henry laurens esqu. 

Albany the 12*'^ march 1778. 
Dear sir 

I beg you would oppen my public letters and then you 
will see that I need only to send you some fiew private 
lines on the subject— recalling me, and leaving gnl conn- 
way in a separate command is a thing which neither me 
neither any friend of mine will ever suffer — and I beg 
you would read my letters to Congress with those di- 
rected to general gates. 


I see nothing in the conduct of gnl connway and the 
board of war but deception and treachery— the conduct 
of the board schall be brought to the light and I'l take 
care of the insolent fellow who oppened my letter to 

Was I to make an agreable plan, I would command 
at fish kill, be directed to try if any enterprise against 
niew york is possible (what I am sincerely confident can 
be done) an then if they leave connway at albany at 
least he must be under my immediate command. 

but if it is not so I will call immediately to see you 
and general Washington and set out for our country 
with Kalb, portail &c &c &c &c I beg, my dear sir, you 
would hurry the decision of Congress because in every 
case preparations are to be made for putting my army 
upon a good footing or arming my vessel — the bearer 
of this letter is colonel armand who desires for those 
american officers some thing which seems to me very 
just and I beg you to help him— I have very unhap- 
pily lost the resolve by which Mr du plessis has been 
made lieutenant colonel with some lines from you, be so 
good as to send me by Colonel armand an extract from 
the minutes and do'nt forget your note. 

I think of a scheme which would suit every body very 
well, if general putnam was more satisfied of being at 
albany and general connway under him, I could be sta- 
tioned at fish kill answering not to general putnam but 
to general Washington, and we schould after see which 
other gnl officers would be given to me — in case you 
think that project can do be so good as to propose it to 
Congress in my name — governor clinton has wrote to 
me how glad he schould be was I to command where 
was gnl putnam— I confess you entre nous that this 
post of fish-kill would make me very happy and I am 
sure we could do something 



I hope my dear sir that those noises of truce and peace 
are groundless, but if they were not so. . . .Ah my good 
friend schall I see the name of laurens at the end of 
such a convention when this of hankock was at the end 
of the declaration of independency? 

Those who hate french men have a fme occasion to 
see them all go off, but those who love them as my good 
friend the'president of Congress will be I dare say a 
little sorry if my reputation forbids me to fight for the 
cause of this country which has alwai's been so dear to 

do you think, my dear friend, that they will grant me 
this separate command at fish kill— if it is so Tl be 
very happy— I beg your pardon to Wrait you that gal- 
imathias but I am in a great hurry to send of the colonel 
who is so good as to carry my dispatches 
with the warmest affection I have the honor to be 
dear sir your most obedient servant 
the M" de Lafayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

12*\ March 1778 
Reed. 18M8^ 
Ans'. 24*'\ 


the twentyeth march 1778 
don't be angry against me, my good friend, and if I 
have made blunders you must impute them to my too 
quick feelings, and forgive the sinner on account of his 
repentance — gnl [name scratched out] came in my 
room when your letters were in my hands — as I saw 
in a moment all the plan since the Canadian expedition 
was proposed, my idea took fire, and my first, unre- 
flected motion has been to let him know the little article 
of the letter, and see the figure he was cutting in the 
perusal of it — that is a miss, I confess a great Miss, 


for I schould not have mentioned any thing to him, but 
I found a kind of entertainement to see how he would 
take that news f rommyself the next day I acknowledged 
to myself I was in wrong and certainly such an indis- 
cretion will no more happen — I think it is better to 
Confess the whole than if I was to aggravate my fault 
by an ill directed schame — the Conduct of the gentle- 
man afterwards and the protestations he has done of 
his innocence have been a proof to every one, that he was 
much concerned in the affair in consequence of a plot 
laid among them— 

the letter by which you desire me not to mention the 
oppening of the dispatches directed to the president of 
Congress is arrived too late — I di'nt know then it was 
done by gnl gates, and I thought the guilty was the 
worthy richard peters — but now my letters are gone 
on, and certainly I will not make an excuse to M' gates 
because he has oppened my letters— 
Now, my dear sir, let us speack of Congress — by your 
last favor I see they are very far from meaning any dis- 
agreament for me, and therefore I am sorry to have 
wrote in pretty warm terms— but Consider that by 
the first intelligence I got from you, it was likely they 
would fall upon a plan which every one will look upon 
as an affront for me — the only idea of it fired my head, 
and as even the suspicion of any uncivil treatment in 
such occasions will never be suffered by me from any 
one in the world, I sent immediately down Colonel ar- 
mand to let know, not what I was doing but what I 
schould do in case such a thing would happen — I have 
been too quick perhaps, but such is my temper and that 
temper of mine Ca'nt be altered — I must however Con- 
fess not to the president of Congress, but to M' Laurens, 
that the next day in sending to gnl Washington an ac- 
count of my conduct, (tho' I had not given up the idea 


of leaving the american coat) I beg leave to serve as 
near his person as a stranger volunteer, to prevent my 
hurting the cause of freedom by my return in f ranee, 
and depriving in the same time the army of so many 
valuable officers, generals and others who want to fol- 
low my sort what so ever — 

if gnl gates, general lee (let him be exchang'd) gnl 
schuyller, are sent to albany even previous to my Con- 
sent I have no objections to it — but I will not suffer 
any of my officers being commander in this departement 
before my refusal — however was I to stay in this part 
of the continent as I am, I schould certainly decline a 
command where I am not certain to see the fire of a 
single gun for the whole compaign— I want only that 
be proposed to me. 

As the affair of rhode island seems laid aside and I 
am not acquainted with that part of the country, I look 
upon the post of fish kill as the only separate command 
I can wish — then gnl connway could be at albany un- 
der my orders, and myself have an immediate corres- 
pondence with gnl Washington — if that not be the 
case, then I schall take again very chearfully my di- 
vision, and thank Congress for theyr polite offer of the 
separate command of albany if they put myself a portee 
of being satisfied what will be easily done, for I have 
not the least desire of raising disputes — by far, I love 
the cause, I love military glory, I want to fight, and to 
fight for you, and so I will do till the last drop of my 
blood if necessary the whole campaign, unless some 
unkind proceeding would oblige me to be angry 

as general gates taking the command, or putnam 
holding his post are yet in the dark, if one or the other 
happen I will not certainly have any objection to so just 
a thing — tho' I am fully convinced both would make 
a great faux-pas in trusting upon the fortune of war, 


I look upon an expedition against new york as a very 
eligible plan— there would come many new yorkers, 
there you'd see a large number of new england militia 
who will never go to gnl Washington's army, and would 
turn out for an expedition so convenient to tem on every 
respect — such is the idea given to me by every body 
principally by gnl stark who has been two days in this 
place and knows very well the minds of the new eng- 
land militia — new york would be proud to get theyr 
capitale, new england would entertain the hope of get- 
ting some plunder in it — such a diversion made by troops 
who wo'nt ever join the grand army schall be of a great 
use to general Washington for or they'l risk to loose the 
town, or they will send reinforcements in it from general 
howe's— I can only judge of the possibility of the expe- 
pedition upon a map, and was I directed to it I could get 
better intelligences — but it seems to me that in making 
two f ulle attaks towards long island and staten island to 
divide theyr forces it would not be impossible to carry 
king's bridge— then the town is oppen'd — we could at 
least detroy the public stores &c &c &c &c and were we 
obliged to leave it, would not it be practicable to fortify 
king's bridge on our side— for, fort Washington I do not 
know enough of it to determine in which way he could 
be taken, but I think that place could be laid aside, or 
only invested till after the taking of new york. 

Such are the light ideas I dare lay down faster than I can 
think, but I could make a less imperfect, unreasonable 
project was I directed to take proper intelligences, and 
investigate the propriety of the enterprise, 
as all the new yorkers are more exasperated against gnl 
gates than you could ever believe I think those public 
sentiments would render him very unfit for the command 
of that part of the Continent 

tho' I have given proper orders that all the department 
schould borrow upon my credit, and I have given war- 


rants even upon boston for the raising of Colonel 
armand's corps, however monney comes very slow, and 
I beg you would send reinforcements — I am asham'd 
some times when I see trifling expenses which ca'nt be 
pay'd for, and when it comes out from my pockett I 
ca'nt help laying in telling them that it is given by Con- 
gress to me for paying the trifling expenses — that if you 
please entre nous 

as I am assured the express is a man to be depended 
upon I trust him with my dispatches, be so good as to 
send him or one other back very fast, for I am much 
tired of seeing those english here about— they are doing 
nothing but mischief and I wish they would be soon out. 

as there are a plenty of hessians and british deserters, 
and even prisonners scattered in the country who may be 
very dangerous I have advis'd governor clinton to have 
all that people out of the state, they could be either sent 
to new england or down below — 

tell me very candidly, my dear sir, if you have been 
angry against my etourderie forgive me, and be certain 
that my heart better than my head will be yours as long 

as I leave. 

with the highest regard I have the honor to be 
dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M" de Lafayette 

thousand compliments to the fair lady an the most 
charming Miss Ketty 

was I to have a separate command the viscount de 
montroy would come as a volunteer, and as I think he is 
the best man we could get his advices would be very use- 
ful to the cause 

I make you my thanks for the monney and will an- 
swer to that article by the first opportunity 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

20 March 1778 

ReC' & Answ^ 27^" 27- 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine. J 


[Continued from the October number.] 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^. 12*^ 1778 
Gen'. Orders Parole Miflin— 

Orders by Major Scott Same Date Cap*. Drayton Lieu''. 
Jackson Lavacher Fishburn for Duty tomorrow — 
Head Quasters Charles Town Feb\ 13"^: 78 
Gen'. Orders by Gen'. Moultrie L\ Coldwell of Col'. 
Thomsons Reg*, is appointed Cap*, im. y' Same & is to be 
Obey'd & Respected accordingly. M'. William Taggard 
is Appointed a 2^ Lieu*, in Col'. Thomsons Reg*, & is to 
be Obey'd as Such— 

The Reverend M'. Sam', Heart is appointed Chaplain 
to the first Reg*, & is to be Respected Accordingly,— A 
Gen'. Court Martial to set on Wednesday next in Charles 
Town where y' president Shall think fit to Try Henry 
Martian of Cap*. Herlstons Comp', & Isaac Olever of 
Captain Blakes Com'\ of the 2^ Reg*, for Desertion— 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date Lieu*. Glover 
Lieu*. Postell & Lieu*. Skirving for Duty tomorrow— 
Head Quarters Charles Town Feb\ 14*'^ day 1778 

Gen'. Orders Parole Bourdeaux— 

The Dep*'. Quarter Master Gen', is Desired to Provide 
4 Camp kittles & 2 axes for the use of the Guard at the 
Magazine at Dorchester, he will also appoint a proper 
person to provid wood for The Same, the Commanding 
officers of the Out posts Guards are not to Suffer any 
Soldier to absent themselves from their Guard Except 
For the Service — 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date Cap*. Theus 
Lieu*', Hixt Weatherly & Smith for Duty tomorrow— 
Head Quarters Charles Town Feb- , 15, 1778 General 
Orders Parole Starks 


Lieu^ CoF. Henderson is to set President of the Gen'. 
Court Martial to be held on Wednesday Next in the room 
of Lieu*. Cor, Marian who was for that Duty, Being 
another Imploy'd 1 Cap', & 2 Subalterns for Brigade to- 
morrow — 

Orders by Major Scott Feb\ 16*'^: 1778 Cap\ Vender- 
horst President of the Court Lieu*. Elliott Lieu*. Hixt 
Lieu*. Glover and Lieu*. Fishburn Members — 
Head Quarters Charles Town Feb^ 16*": 1778 Gen'. Or- 
ders Parole Dorchester Cap*, Askly of Col'. Motts Reg*, 
having Resign'd his Commission is no longer to be Con- 
sider'd as a Continantal officer — 

Ordered that the Sutler now in Barracks do Emadiately 
quit the Room he has now in possession, that the Sol- 
diers may be put into those Rooms, the Dep*- . Quarter 
Master Gen', will se this done Imediately The Sentinals 
Posted at Gen'. Howe's Quarters are to allow the Dep*- , 
Quarter Master Gen', or his assistant Cap*. Spencer to 
visit the Gen'. Quarters at any time They Please— 
Orders by Major Scott Feb. 17*'^: 1778 Cap*. Turner L*l 
Clifford Frazer and Elliott for Duty tomorrow 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb. 17*": 1778 

General Orders. Parole, Laurance— 
The Gen'. Court martial that is ordered to be held to- 
morrow, is to Sit at Hollidays persizely at 9 oclock — the 
Judge advocate being Necessarily Ingaged on Some per- 
ticular Business, it is therefore Ordered that M'. Wil- 
liam Nisbet be Received by the Court to Assist the Judge 
advo*'. During this Intervile, he might have occasion to 
absent himself During this or any other Court Martial 
—The dep*- . Quarter master Gen', is to Distribute the 
Rooms in the Barrack to the Troops in the Following 
manner — 

Viz. one Room to a field officer one Room to each Cap*, 
and 2 Subalterns, one Room to the Adju*. & Quarter 


3 Rooms to the Serjeants of a Reg*. 2 Rooms for the 
Drums & fifes one Room for the Guard 1 Room for a 
Store & 1 Room to be allow'd for every 15 Rank and 
file— Orders by Major Scott same Date Cap*. Vender- 
horst Cap*. Drayton. L*'. Clifford Skirving & Frazer for 
Duty tomorrow— 

Cap*. Turner L*'. Weatherly & Postell Members of the 
Gen\ Court Martial to Sit at 9 oClock tomorrow morn- 
ing at Hollidays Tavern 

Orders by Major Scott Feb. 18*": 1778 L*^ Elliott Hixt & 
Williamson for Duty tomorrow — 
Head Quarters Charles Town Feb. 18*'^: 1778- 
General Orders Parole Carolina 

Orders by Major Scott Feb. 19*'': Cap* Turner for Duty 
this Day — L*. Henry Parenau Jun' of the 2'^ Reg*. 
Commanded by colonel Mott Order'd under an arrest by 
L*. Cor. Marian of the Same Reg*, for Disobedience of 
orders and Neglect of Duty is to be sent to Town and 
Tried by a Gen'. Court martial now siting at Hollidays, 
also the evidence's for and against y' prisoner are to be 
warn'd to attend In time. 

by Sentance of the Gen'. Court Martial now siting 
James Spencer a Trooper in the Light Dragoons On a 
charge of Desertion and Disposing of his arms horse 
acoutrements, Come Under the 3" article of the 12*'' 
Section of the articles of war & the 1'* article of the 
Sixth Section — find him Guilty and Sentence him to 
Receive 99 Lashes with Switches to have one half of his 
pay Stop'd untill a Sufficient Sum Shall be made up to 
Replace the things he made away with— The Gen\ ap- 
proves the Sentence and orders the prisoner to Receive 
the punishment — 

Orders by Major Scott February 19*": 1778— Cap*. 
Theus L*'. Smith Jackson & Lavacher for Guard tomor- 
row — the Cap*'. & Commanders of Com- \ to have 3 


muster Rools made out for each Company by tomorrow 


after Gen\ Orders L\ Tho^ Hall of Cor. Motts Reg\ is 

appointed a Cap', in the Same in the Roon of Cap'. Risbey 

Resign'd and is to be obeyed & Respected accordingly 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb 19'*': 1778— 

General Orders Parole Chester — 

Orders by Major Scott Feb. 20'": 1778- 
L'. Fishburn Clifford & Skirving for Duty tomorrow— 
Orders by Major Scott Feb.21^': 1778— 
Cap*. Venderhorst V\ . Elliott Hixt and Frazer for Duty 

Reg*, Orders by CoW Pinckney Sane Date A court mar- 
tial to sit this morning for the Trial of all Such Prison- 
ers as may be brought before them all Evidences to 
attend Cap*. Turner President of the Court L*'. William- 
son Smith Jackson and Frazer Members — 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb.21^': 1778 

General Orders, Parole, Burke 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb. 22': 1778 

General Orders Parole, Canada, 
L*. Ja'. Haythorn of Col'. Sumters Reg', is appointed 
Cap*. In the Room of Cap*. Richburgh Resign'd and is to 
be obey'd and Respected accordingly — 
Orders by Major Scott Feb. 22': 1778 L*. Gadsden L*. 
Smith L*. Williamson for Duty tomorrow 
Orders by Major Scott Feb. 23^78 L*. Jackson for Guard 
this Day — Cap*. Turner Lieu*'. Clifford Glover & Fish- 
burn for Duty tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb. 23': 1778— Gen'. 
Orders Parole, Quebeck, Orders by Major Scott Feb. 
24"^: 1778 Cap*. Theus V\ Elliott Skirving & frazer for 
Duty tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb: 24*'^: 1778 General 
Orders Parole Gates — 


ordered that Cap^ Thorn be permitted to Examine the 
Cannon & stores in Littletons Cravens Granvielles & the 
Battery at Laurense's Wharf — L'. adam Burk of Cor. 
Motts Reg\ having Resign'd his Commission is no 
Longer to be Considered as a Continantal officer one 
Subaltern one serj*. 1 Drum & fife & 25 Rank & fife 
from the 3"^ Reg', to attend the funeral of L'. Jn'" Meloy 
of the Same Reg', tomorrow afternoon 

Orders by Major Scott Feb. 25'\ 1778— 

Lieu*. Hixt Vice L\ Elliott Sick- 

for Guard this Day — L*. Williamson to Relieve L'. 
Fishburn who is for Prichards G^. to Day — L''. Gadsden 
Smith & Jackson for Duty tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town Feb. 25"': 1778 

Gen^ Orders Parole, Mountreal, — 

Orders by Major Scott Feb. 26''': 1778 Cap'. Vender 
horst L". Glover Clifford & Fishburn for Duty tomor- 
Head Quarters Charles Town Feb. 26:1778 

Gen'. Orders Parole Drayton — 

Orders by Major Scott Feb. 27'": 1778- 

Cap'. Turner L". Elliott Gadsden and Skirving for 
Duty tomorrow— 

Regt'. Orders by Col'. Pinckney Feb. 27:78 the Cap'^ 
& Commanders of Companies will make out a monthly 
Return of their Respective Companies and Deliver them 
to the Adj'. tomorrow morning 

Orders by Major Scott february 28": 1778 Captain 
Theus Lieut'. Smith Jackson & Glover for duty to mor- 
row — Lieu'. Williamson for duty this day 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 1*':1778— 

Gen'. Orders Parole — Congaree — 

Regt'. Orders by Col'. Pinckney of the same date Such 
Captains & Commanders of Companies as have not 2 
men absent on furlough from their Respective Com- 


panies, may Recommend to the GoP. proper persons for 
that Indulgence Cap^'. of more then 40 men may Recom- 
mend 3 the CoW will Grant furlough's to Noncommis- 
sioned officers & privates so Recommended on thurs- 
day Next — 

Regt'. Orders by Gor. Pinckney march 2': 1778 A court 
martial to sit this morning for the Trial of all Such Pris- 
oners as may be brought Before them all Witness to at- 
tend — 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same date Gap'. Vander- 
horst L*'. Elliott Gadsden and Williamson for Duty to- 
morrow Gap'. Theus President of the Gourt Lieut'. El- 
liott Gadsden & Glover members 
Lieu'. Smith for the Brigade Gourt Martial tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Gharles Town March 2^^:1778 

General Orders Parole — 
A Brigade Gourt Martial to sit tomorrow morning at 
10 oGlock at the Present Quarters for y' Trial of Henry 
Rogers of CoW Sumters Reg', for being out of Quarters 
at Eleven oGlock at Night & being for being Gonceald 
in Gor. Pinckney's house also for any other prisoner 
that may be brought before them — ^President Gaptain 
M^Glintick 2 members of the 3'. Reg'. 1 of the first & 1 
of the 6"'. Regiment — 

Orders by Major Scott March 3': 1778 L'^ Smith Jackson 
and Glover for Duty tomorrow L'. Smith for the Brigade 
Gourt this Day— 

Head Quarters Gharles Town March 3': 1778 

General Orders Parole— Strawberry 

Head Quarters Gharles Town March 4"'. 1778 

General Orders Parole— Lee — 

A Brigade Gourt of Inquiry to sit at 10 oGlock tomor- 
row morning at the Request of L'. William Edmonds of 
Gol'. Thomsons Reg', to Inquire into his Gharecter Rela- 
tive to some aspurtions which has Been thrown upon it 


In an anonymous Letter found in Camp and handed 
about by Cap*. Warley who asserted the contents were 
by Sentence of the Last Brigade Court martial held 
on the 3'\ Instant of which Cap'. M'Clintick was Presi- 
dent Henry Rogers Confind for being out of Quarters 
at Eleven oClock at night and being Conceald in CoF. 
Pinckney wash house the Court are of oppinion that the 
prisoner is Guilty of the Charge and Sentence him to 
Rec'". Ninety nine Lashes on the Bear Back with the Cat 
of nine Tails, But upon the Report of the prisoners 
former Good behaviour the Court Recommends him to 
Mercy, the GenP. Approves the Sentance But on the 
Recommendation of the Court Remits 49 Lashes The 
court is Desolved— 

Regt\ Orders by Col'. Pinckney march 4'^: 1778 a court 
Martial to sit tomorrow morning at 10 a Clock for the 
Trial of all such prisoners as may be brought before 
them all Witness to attend — 
Orders by Major Scott March 4"^:1778— 
Cap*. Theus L*'. Fishburn Clifford & Skirving for Duty 

Orders by major Scott March 5'\ 1778 Cap*. Theus L*^ 
Gadsden Williamson and Smith for Duty tomorrow — 
Cap*. Vanderhorst Lieu*' Gadsden & Williamson Mem- 
bers of the Brigade Court of Inquiry— Cap*. Theus 
Lieu*'. Fishburn & Glover for the Regt\ C*. Martial — L*. 
Frazer an L*. Clifford for Guard this Day— 
Regt'. Orders of Col'. Pinckney 6*". March 1778 A Court 
Martial to sit this morning for the trial of all such pris- 
oners as may bs Brough before them all Witness to 

Orders by Major Scott of the same Date Lieu*'. Glover 
Jackson and Fishburn for Duty tomorrow Cap*. Turner 
President of the Court Martial L*\ Jackson & Skirving 


Head Quarters Charles Town March 6*\ 1778 

Gen\ Orders Parole — Camdon 

M'. John Knap is appointed adjutant to the 3'^ South 
Carolina Reg*, and is to be Obeyd and Respected ac- 

Whenever any wood shall In futur be Carried to the 
Main Guard, the officer Commanding that Guard is to 
take care that it be Securely Deposited in the Guard— 

Orders by Major Scott March T\ 1778 Captain Ven- 
derhorst L*' Frazer Skirving & Elliott for Duty tomor- 
row — 

Regt\ Orders by CoP. Pinckney of Same Date M'. Lewis 
is appointed Surgeons mate of the first Reg*, and is to 
be Respected accordingly. 

Head Quarters Charles Town March T\ 1778 

Gen\ Orders Parole— Royal— 

The Brigade court of which Major Wise was Presi- 
dent the 4*^ Instant have Reported as follows that they 
are of Oppinion from the Evidence Given that L*. Ed- 
monds is Intirely free from the aspersions thrown upon 
him in the anonymous Letter which was produced to 
the Court the Gen\ approves the above Report — ac- 
quits the prisoner and Disolves the Court 
The Honourable Legeslature of this State State heve 
Been pleased to Enter Into the following Resolutions. 
Respecting the Troops of This State on the Continantal 
Establishment — 

In General Assembly March 2'': 1778 Resolv'd y* Instead 
of the Clothing hitherto Allow'd to the Reg*', of this 
State on the Continantal Establishment, Each noncom- 
missioned officer Drum'. Fifer & private Shall in futur 
be annuelly Found 1 Coat 1 waiscoat & Breeches of wol- 
len Cloth 1 hat or Cap 1 Blanket 4 Shirts 4 pair of 
Stockings & 4 pair of Shoes 2 pair of ozenbrigs 
Breeches, or Corse Linnen 2 waist Coats of the Same 2 


pair of Lathren Garters &2 Stocks of of the Same, & 
that 5 watch coats be allowed to a Company of 50 men 
& so in proportion but that this allowance of watch- 
coats be not annuelly but to last till they are worn out 
Each officer and Soldier be allow'd their full Continan- 
tal Rations beside the half pound of Beef which is al- 
low'd by this State, & that if any person does not Chuse 
to Receive it in kind he may Receive it in money 5/ per 

Resolved, that the futur Daily pay of Noncommis- 
sioned officers of the Several Reg*', of Infentry of this 
State be as follows to witt 

that of Serj^ Major 20/ of Quarter master Serj'. 
17/ 6' of the Drum Major 17/ 6' of the fife Major 15/ of 
each Serj*. 15/ — 

of each Corporal Drummer & fif er 10^ of the Armorer 
25/ of Each Armorers mate 15/ per Diem — 
Resolved, that the Daily pay of the Subaltern officers, in 
the Troops of this State, be Increased as follows, Viz, of 
a 1'*. Lieu*. 45/ of a 2' Lieu*. 40/ of an Ensign 37/ 6' & of 
a Quarter master 40/ & that agreeable to the Spirit of 
the Resolution of the Continantal Congress, the Adjutant 
be allowed full Cap*', pay from the Date of the Conti- 
nantal Congress Respecting Adjutants — That the 
Corporals Drummers & Fifers In the Reg*', of Artillery 
be allow'^ 12/ 6^' per Diem, & the Subaltern officers Ad- 
jutant & Serjeants the same pay Respectivelly as those 
of the Like Rank in the Reg*'. Above Mention'd & that 
In futer there Shall be only a Cap*, and first & 2*' Lieu', 
to Each Company in the Reg*, of Artillery & the CoW 
of the Reg*, of Rangers be allow'd Seven pounds per 
Diem, to Commince from the Date of -his Commission 
as Cor. the first Lieu*. 55/ a 2' Lieu* 50/. the Adjutant 3£ 
agreeable to the Resolution of Congress, & all Noncom- 
missioned Officers in the Same Reg*, in proportion 


to the pay allow'd the s'^- officers Respectively in y' 
Reg*: of Inf entry & Whereas the Continantal Congress 
by the T\ Resolution of the 22' of November last Re- 
solved that it be Earnestly Recommended to the Several 
states from time to time to exert their utmost Indeav- 
ours to procure in Addition to the allowance of Clothing 
heretofore mad by Congress Supply of Blankits Shoes 
Stockings Shirts & other Clothing for the Comfortable 
Subsistance of the officers & soldiers of their Batallions 
and to appoint one or more persons to Dispose of such 
articles to the officers & soldiers In such proportion 
as the Gen\ officer from the Respective States Com- 
manding in such army Shall direct & at such Reason- 
able prices as Shall be asses'd by the Clothier Gen^ or 
his Deputy and be in Just proportion to the wages of 
the officers and soldiers, Charging the Surplus of the 
Coat to the United States & all Cothing hereafter shall 
be Supplied to the officers & Soldiers of the Continantal 
army out of the publick stores of the united States be- 
yond the Bounty already Granted, shall be Charg^ all 
at the like price the Surplus to be Defray^ by the 
united States provided that affectual measures be ad- 
dapted by each State for presenting any Competition 
Between their Purchasing agent & the Clothier Gen\ or 
his agents who are Severally Errected to Observe the 
Instructions of the Respective States Relative to the 
price of Clothing purchased within Such State, Where- 
fore Resolved that the Said above Resited 7*^ Resolution 
of the Continantal Congress be adapted by this State & 
Carried into Effect Assented to and Sign'd. — John 
Rutledge March 5*": 1778 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.] 


By Joseph W. Barnwell. 


Az. a pale between two eagles displayed ar. 
The identification of these arms with those of Dr. Woodward is 
owing to the following circumstances : Rev. Robert Wilson, in tracing 
the genealogy of one of the families descended from Dr. Woodward 
obtained for this purpose from one of the members of the family a 
seal with this coat-of-arms thereon. He was unable to identify it as 
the arms of that family, but found that it was identical with the arms 
of Woodward of Warwickshire. Mentioning that fact to the writer 


of this genealogy, the latter obtained an impression of the seal from 
him, and compared it with a copy made by Langdon Cheves, Esq., of 
a seal then supposed to be that of the first Lieutenant Governor Wil- 
liam Bull, and referred to in Vol. I, page 76, of this magazine. It 
was found to be identical with the " 'Scutcheon of Pretence " on that 
seal. As Gen. Stephen Bull, the grandson of the first Lieutenant 
Governor Bull, had married Elizabeth Woodward, the only daughter 
of Richard Woodward (grandson of Dr. Woodward) , and the last of 
the name in South Carolina, it appeared most probable that the seal 
was that used by Gen. Bull. ^ This was later confirmed by comparison 
with certain pieces of plate, the property of Gen. Bull, containing the 
same arms with the same 'scutcheon of pretence, which Gen. Bull had 
evidently placed upon the Bull arms in the right of his first wife, the 
heiress of the Woodwards. No plate of the Bull family, of which 
there is much in existence, contains these arms except such as is shown 
by the ' ' Hall Marks ' ' thereon to have been made during the lifetime 
of Mrs. EHzabeth (Woodward) Bull. 

The romantic story of Dr. Henry Woodward, the first 
Enghsh settler in South Carolina, was first revealed when 
the papers of the great Earl of Shaftesbury (Anthony 
Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley, who had been one of the 
original Lords Proprietors of Carolina), which had been 
deposited in the British Public Record Office, London, by 
the late Earl of Shaftesbury, a descendant of the great 
Earl, were published in South Carolina some years ago.^ 

The story is briefly this: After the grant by Charles 
IL to the Lords Proprietors of the territory denominated 
Carolina, a settlement was first begun on May 29, 1664, 
on the Charles River near Cape Fear, in what is now 
North Carolina. Desiring, however, to make a settle- 

'This is corroborated somewhat by the fact that Mr. Milton Leverett, 
the present owner of the Bull seal bearing the Woodward 'scutcheon 
of pretence, and a descendant of Gen. Bull, says that the seal was 
found in the woods about half a century ago by one of the family 
slaves, after it had been lost for about a century, according to family 
tradition. Gen. Bull had advertised for a lost seal bearing his coat-of- 
arms in The South-Carolina Gazette of Dec. 23, 1756. 

■■^See Year Book, City of Charleston, 1883; Collections of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, Vol. V. ; Eliza Pinckney, by Mrs. Har- 
riott Horry Ravenel, p. 40; McCrady's History of South Carolina under 
the Proprietary Government, p. 90. 


merit farther south, an expedition was sent out on June 
14, 1666, under "Robert Sanford Esq. Secretary and 
Cheife Register" of Clarendon County (part of the 
present North Carolina) in a "smale shallope of some 
three tonus'' and a "Vessell whose burden alsoe exceed- 
ed scarce fiveteen tonus'' for a "voyage of Discovery" 
to Port Royal. 

With Sanford, among others, went " mr. Henry Wood- 
ward, a chirurgeon" who, says Sanford, "had before I 
sett out assured me his resolucon to stay with the In- 
dians if I thinke convenient." On Sanford's return to 
Cape Fear, he, accordingly, left Woodward among the 
Indians at Port Royal, and took one of the Indians back 
with him. Woodward, reports Sanford, was given "f or- 
mall possession of the whole country to hold as Tenant 
att Will of the right Hono'ble The Lords Proprietors." 

Woodward's intention doubtless was to learn the lan- 
guage of the Indians and their customs, with a view to 
giving him influence with the Proprietors and making 
himself of importance to any settlers sent out by their 
lordships. If this was his purpose, he afterwards very 
successfully accomplished it. 

He remained, say the members of the "Council at Ash- 
ley River", in their letter to the Lords Proprietors dated 
September 11, 1670, " some considerable time amongst 
the natives of those parts being treated with the greatest 
love and courtesye that their rude natures were ac- 
quainted withal, until the Spaniards having notice of his 
abode at St. Helena carried him thence to St. Augustine, 
where necessarily he must have remained prisoner if 
Serle " (Capt. Robert Searle, the buccaneer) " surprising 
the town had not transported him to the Leward Islands, 
where shipping Chyrurgeon of a privateer, whereby to 
procure something to defray his charges home, being 
desirous to give your Lordships an account of these 


parts, unfortunately the 17th. of August 1669, was cast 
away in a hurricane at Meavis". 

In the meantime the expedition under Sayle, which 
actually made the first settlement in South Carolina, was 
on its way here, and stopping at the West India Island 
of Nevis (not '' Meavis") was joined by Woodward, who 
came on with the colonists to Port Royal in March, 1670. 
On their speedy removal to Ashley River he at once be- 
came extremely useful as an interpreter and as a friend 
to the Indians, procuring corn and other provisions from 
them for the settlers and making treaties with them. 
He went, at the instance of Governor Sir John Yeamans, 
by land to Virginia in 1671, and made extended expedi- 
tions into the interior in search of precious metals. The 
Proprietors soon realized his value, and commended the 
discoveries made '' by his industry and hazard". He was 
made a Deputy of Lord Shaftesbury and was given a 
grant of two thousand acres of land; was made Indian 
Agent and commissioned to purchase Edisto Island from 
the Indians, and was given a share of the profits in the 
Indian trade. No mention of him has been found after 
the quarrels in 1685 between the officials of the Province, 
at Charles Town, and Lord Cardross, the head of the 
Scotch colony then settled at Port Royal.^ 

He, was born about 1646. The date of his death is not 
known, but it was sometime between 1686 and 1690, as 
he wrote a letter to his father-in-law in March, 1686, and 
the latter's will, made in March, 1690, shows that he was 
then dead.^ 

■'See Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society, Vol. I., 
pp. 93-94. 

"^Mr. Cheves suggests {Collections of the South Carolina Historical 
Society, Vol. V., p. 78) that he may have been of the family of 
Thomas Woodward, Surveyor General of the colony of Albemarle in 
North Carolina. 

On "A new map of the Island of Barbadoes" by H. Moll, published 
with Oldmixon's British Empire in America, 2d. ed., Vol. 2, the plan- 


He married Mrs. Mary Browne, widow of Robert 
Browne and daughter of Col. John Godfrey and his wife 
Mary. Col. Godfrey was one of the most notable men 
of the Province.' 

1 I. John Woodward, b. Feb. 19, 1681. 

2 II. Richard Woodward, 6. June 9, 1683. 

3 III. Elizabeth Woodward, m. William Wilkins." 

JOHN WOODWARD [Henry^], born February 19,1681; 
married. May 11, 1702, Elizabeth Stanyarne, daughter of 
Col. James Stanyarne'; was a member of the Commons 

tat ions of ''Woodward" and ''Yeamans" are placed less than two 
miles apart in the parish of St. Thomas. Possibly the family of Dr. 
Woodward, like that of many other settlers in Carolina, first estab- 
lished itself in Barbadoes. 

''Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society, Vol. V., p. 222. 

' 'And as for my Daughter Mary since hath pleased god to provide 
soe well for her w''' I hope he will Continue his Blessings to her, I doe 
give and Bequeath unto her, in Manner and forme ffollowing (Viz^) 
one small gould ring, one sett of gould Buckles, four Younge Cowes 
and younge Mare, or younge Horse, and unto her Husband L*: William 
Davis, My fuzee w*'' the Brass Barrill, and And for what else Shee 
Must have patience untill y'' Decease of her Mother &c:" * * * * 
"And furthermore, I give unto my Daughter mary Davis, that a full 
Ballance be had and made of her Two former Husbands Debts, Robert 
Browne and Docf- Henry Woodward, which did any wayes attaine to 
me, provided my account is to be fully Ballanced alsoe, that noe further 
trouble may any wayes Arise or Acrue." — From will of Col. John God- 
frey, made March 12, 1689-90, and recorded in the book containing the 
records of the Court of Ordinary of the Province of South Carolina 
for the years 1672-1692, pages 430-434; in the custody of the Historical 
Commission of South Carolina. 

"Will of Richard Woodward, dated April 10, 1725, and recorded in 
the Probate Court of Charleston County, book 1724-5, p. 282, names as 
executors "Brother John Woodward, Brother-in-law Thomas Stan- 
yarne and Brother-in-law William Wilkins"; left legacy to "Nephew 
William Wilkins, son of my Sister Ehzabeth Wilkins. ' ' 

'In a deed from Ehzabeth Woodward to John Gibbes, recorded in the 
Mesne Conveyance Office, Charleston County,* book QQ, 457, she de- 


House of Assembly in 1717, and a signer of the address 
to the King against the government of the Proprietors'"; 
died January 7, 1726-7; buried January 8, 1726-7.' 


4 L Mary Woodward, b. May 24, 1703. 

5 IL EKzabeth Woodward, b. March 3, 1704-5; 

d May 31, 1707. 

6 in. John Woodward, 6. March 29, 1707; d. unm. 

7 IV. Richard Woodward, b. June 8, 1709. 

8 V. Henry Woodward, 6. June 22, 1711; d. Aug. 

21, 1712. 

9 VI. James Woodward, b. March 27, 1715; d. Aug. 

9, 1716. 

10 VII. Sarah Woodward, 6. July 20, 1717; d. Sept. 

18, 1718. 

11 VIII. Elizabeth Woodward, b. Sept. 3, 1719. 

12 IX. Thomas Woodward, b. Sept. 13, 1722; d. Aug. 

7, 1737. 

13 X. James Woodward, b. July 6, 1727; d. Aug. 

10, 1730. 


RICHARD WOODWARD [Henry^, born June 9, 1683; 
married Sarah Stanyarne, sister of the wife of his 

scribes herself as the "daughter and devisee of James Stanyarne." 
Her will (Probate Court records, Charleston County, book 1740-47, p. 
148) describes her as ''the widow of Colonel John Woodward"; men- 
tions '*my daughter Mary Gibbes, my daughter Elizabeth Flower and 
my grand-daughter Elizabeth Gibbes daughter of John and Mary 
Gibbes, my son John Woodward, my son Richard Woodward and sons- 
in-law, Joseph Edward Flower, and John Gibbes"; dated June 19, 1739: 
proved August 1, 1742. 

^A Sketch of the History of South Carolina (Rivers) , p. 464. 

"Register of St. Helena's Parish (MS.). 

Will, dated Dec. 6, 1726, and recorded in book 1727-29, p. 263, records 
of Probate Court, Charleston County, leaves to son John "my seal 


brother, John Woodward, and daughter of Col. James 
Stanyarne^'; died 1725. 


14 I. Elizabeth Woodward, b. May 5, 1715; m., 

March 10, 1729, Richard Wright, son of 

Chief -Justice Robert Wright; d. . (No 


15 II. Mary Woodward, b. Dec. 6, 1717. 


MARY WOODWARD [John^ Henry^], born May 24, 
1703; m., July 25, 1719, Col. John Gibbes^\ son of Robert 
Gibbes, sometime Chief -Justice and Governor; d. . 


16 I. Mary Gibbes, b. Feb. 26, 1722; m., April 7, 

1738, Col. Nathaniel Barnwell, of Beaufort; 
d Dec. 4, 1801. She was the mother of four- 
teen children whose names are known and 
tradition says she gave birth to twenty-two.^^ 


^Will of Sarah Woodward, made Oct. 22, 1748; proved April 28, 1750, 
and recorded in the Probate Court, Charleston County, describes her 
as "widow of Richard Woodward"; mentions nephew Benjamin Stan, 
yarne and Mary and Woodward Flower, children of niece, Elizabeth 
Flower . 

i^Will of Col. John Gibbes, proved March 29, 1765 (Probate Court 
records, Charleston County, book 1760-67, p. 504) , mentions sons Robert 
and John and daughters Mary Barnwell, Anne Ladson, Elizabeth Lad- 
son and Sarah Mathews. From Col. John Gibbes descend what is 
known as the John Gibbes Family, as distinguished from the family 
of William Gibbes, his brother. Most of the Gibbes family of Beau- 
fort and Charleston are descended from the John Gibbes branch. The 
late Dr. Robert Wilson Gibbes, of Columbia, S. C, was from the Wil- 
liam Gibbes branch. (Gibbes Chart by the Rev. Robert Wilson, D.D.) 

^■^''Died at Beaufort Port Republic" (Port Royal) ''on the night of 
the 4th. inst. in the 80th. year of her age, Mrs. Mary Barnwell, relict 
of colonel Nathaniel Barnwell, dec. The very many virtues and en- 
gaging qualifications, in social life, secured to this venerable lady, the 
esteem of an extensive acquaintance, and real affection of an ancient 
and respectable connection. She has left a numerous progeny to unite 


17 11. Sarah Gibbes, b. Feb. 17, 1725-6; m., Nov. 10, 

1741, John Mathews'-'; d in 1760. (Issue.) 

18 III. Elizabeth Gibbes, b. May 5, 1728; m., March 

14, 1744, John Ladson'^ (Issue), who dying, 
she m., Dec. 8, 1752, Dr. James Carson (No 
issue); d. July 14, 1769. 

19 IV. Anne Gibbes, b. May 31, 1730; m., Oct. 5, 1752, 

William Ladson'^; d Oct. 12, 1755. (Issue.) 

20 V. Robert Gibbes, b. July 13, 1732; m., Nov. 17, 

1753, Anne Stanyarne (Issue), who dying he 
m., March 31, 1764, Sarah Reeve, daughter of 
Dr. Ambrose Reeve, of Beaufort; d. July 4, 
1794. (Issue.) 

21 VI. John Gibbes, b. Dec. 27, 1733; m.. May 2, 1754, 

Margaret Anne Stevens. (No issue.) 

RICHARD WOODWARD [John^ Henry'], born June 
8, 1709; married, June 4, 1734, Susanne Mazyck, daugh- 
ter of Isaac Mazyck, who dying (without issue) he mar- 
ried, November 4, 1736, Elizabeth Godin^', daughter of 
Benjamin Godin. She was buried March 26, 1751.'" 

in general sympathy, and her remains were interred in the family vault 
with all that degree of respect which she justly merited."— South- 
Carolina State Gazette and Timothy's Daily Advertiser, Friday Dec. 
11, 1801. 

From her marriage with Nathaniel Barnwell are descended all of the 
Barnwell family of South Carolina, and the Fuller, Stuart, Rhett, 
Cuthbert and Heyward families of Beaufort. Descendants of John 
Barnwell, the brother of Col. Nathaniel Barnwell, still survive in 
Georgia and Florida. (See The South Carolina Historical and Gen- 
ealogical Magazine, Vol. II., 46.) 

'•'From this marriage descend the family of Gov. John Mathews and 
branches of the Heyward, Hamilton (Gov. James), George Abbott Hall, 
Ingraham, Hazlehurst and Plant (of Georgia) families. (See The 
House of Plant. ) 

'^From these marriages are descended branches of the Ladson, Bee, 
Smith and Alston families. (See Vol. 4 of this magazine, pp. 51, 56, 

'"'With the death of Richard Woodward, son of John Woodward and 
grandson of Dr. Henry Woodward, the name became extinct in the 
male line. 

^'''Register of St. Philip* s Parish, Charles Town, South Carolina, 
1720-1758 (Salley), p. 217. 


Issue: Second wife. 

22 I. Elizabeth Woodward, b. June 28, 1738. 


ELIZABETH WOODWARD [John^ Henry'], born Sep- 
tember 3, 1719; married, December 22, 1737, Col. Joseph 
Edward Flower, of Beaufort. 


23 I. Richard Woodward Flower, b. Feb. 24, 1744; 

d. March 22, 1786, unmarried. 

24 II. Mary Flower, b. Nov. 8, 1741; m. in 1761 (?) 

Wm. Bower Williamson^", who dying she m. 
in 1764 (?), Cornelius DuPont. No issue. 


MARY WOODWARD [Richard^ Henry'], born De- 
cember 6, 1717; married, November 6, 1735, Isaac Char- 
don^'^, who dying in June, 1736 (buried at Stono the 
14th)''', she married, in 1743, Rev. William Hutson"^*^, of the 
Independent Congregational Church ("White Meeting"), 
Charles Town; d. Nov. 21, 1757. He died April 11, 1761. 

After the death of Mary Woodward Hutson some of 
her letters and meditations were published by her hus- 
band. Together with the letters and diary of Hugh 
Bryan of South Carolina they were subsequently re- 
published at least three times in a volume called Living 

^"By the marriage with William Bower Williamson she had a daugh- 
ter, Mary Bower Williamson, who married, June 8, 1783, Col. Edward 
Barnwell, son of Col. Nathaniel Barnwell, adding thereby a second 
strain of Woodward blood to that branch of the Barnwell family. 

^*^'*Last Thursday Mr. Isaac Chardon a very worthy eminent mer- 
chant of this town was married to Miss Mary Woodward of James's 
Island, a young lady of conspicuous merit and a large fortune. " — T'/ie 
South-Carolina Gazette, Saturday November 8, 1735. 

^^Register of St. Philip's Parish, Charles Town, South Carolina, 
1720-1758 (Salley), p. 250. 

^''From this marriage are descended the families of Hutson, Finley, 
Colcock and Gregorie, and others mentioned below. 


Issue: First husband. 

25 I. Sarah Chardon, m. William Simmons (Issue), 

who dying she m. William Bower William- 
son (?). (No issue.) 
Second husband. 

26 II. Mary Hutson, b. 1744, m., April, 1762, Arthur 


27 III. Elizabeth Hutson, b. 1746, m., June 18, 1765, 

Isaac Hayne, the Revolutionary martyr. 

28 IV. Richard Hutson, 6. 1748, d, 12th April, 1795, 


29 V. Thomas Hutson; b. Jan. 9, 1750; m. Esther 

Maine; d. May 4, 1789. (Issue.) 

30 VI. Esther Hutson, b. 1753, m. Maj. Wm. Hazzard 


31 VII. Anne Hutson, b. 1755, m., May 8, 1777, John 

Barnwell (1749-1800), subsequently brigadier 
general of South Carolina militia during the 
the Revolution; d. 1817. 


ELIZABETH WOODWARD [Richard^ John^ Henry^], 
born June 28, 1873; married, December 18, 1755, Stephen 
Bull of Sheldon, subsequently brigadier general of South 
Carolina militia during the Revolution; died June 9, 1771. 
(No issue.) General Bull subsequently married Mrs. 
Anne Middleton, widow of Col. Thomas Middleton (1719- 
1766), and daughter of Col. Nathaniel Barnwell. 

^^Mrs. Peronneau was the lady who attempted to save the life of 
Col. Hayne by personal appeals to Lord Rawdon. Her daughter, 
Elizabeth Peronneau, married William Hayne and from her are de- 
scended the Robert Y. Hayne branch of the Hayne family and branches 
of the McCall, Perry, Ford and Prioleau famihes. 

■■^^Mary Wigg, daughter of William Hazzard Wigg and Esther Hut- 
son, married Col. Edward Barnwell (second wife), and her sister, 
Elizabeth Hayne Wigg, married Col. Robert Barnwell, brother of Col. 
Edward Barnwell, thus adding third and fourth strains of Woodward 
blood to branches of the Barnwell family. 


It is always interesting in the course of genealogical 
research to note, or at least fancy that one notes, the 
descent o£ certain qualities from a distinguished pro- 
genitor to his remote descendants. Certainly Dr. Wood- 
ward was distinguished for capacity, vigor and daring, 
and it might be reasonably expected that some of these 
qualities would descend. Whether such has been the 
case or not, can best be determined by an examination 
of the records, showing how many of his descendants 
are known to have distinguished themselves in the 
various ranks of life. 

The most distinguished are as follows : 

Three Governors of South Carolina: John Mathews, 
1782-1783, Robert Yonge Hayne, 1832-1834, and our 
present Governor Duncan Clinch Heyward, 1903-1907. 

Four Senators in the Congress of the United States: 
Robert Yonge Hayne, Arthur Peronneau Hayne, Robert 
Woodward Barnwell and Robert Barnwell Rhett. 

Six Representatives in the Congress of the United 
States: Robert Barnwell, Robert Woodward Barnwell, 
his son; Robert Barnwell Rhett, William Ferguson Col- 
cock, William Hayne Perry, and William Elliott. General 
John Barnwell was also elected to Congress, but declined 
to serve. 

Four Judges : John Mathews and Chancellor Richard 
Hutson, of South Carolina; Robert Yonge Hayne, of 
California, and Henry Stuart Elliott, of the State of 

Three Attorney Generals of South Carolina: Robert 
Y. Hayne, R. Barnwell Rhett and Isaac William Hayne. 

Two Generals: John Barnwell, of the Revolutionary 
War, and Stephen Elliott, of the Confederate War. 

Four Colonels in the Confederate War: Stephen El- 
liott, Daniel Heyward Hamilton, Charles Jones Colcock, 
and Alfred Rhett. 


Two commanders of Fort Sumter during the Confed- 
erate War: Col. Alfred Rhett and Maj. Stephen Elliott. 

The most distinguished naval officer from }:his State, 
Commodore Duncan Nathaniel Ingraham. 

Four Bishops: Stephen Elliott of Georgia, Robert 
Woodward Barnwell Elliott, of Western Texas, William 
J. Boone, the second, of China, and Robert Woodward 
Barnwell, of Alabama. 

The most distinguished clergyman of the Baptist 
Church prior to 1860, the Rev. Richard Fuller, of Balti- 

One of the most distinguished poets of South Caro- 
lina, Paul Hamilton Hayne. 

One of the few millionaires whom the State has pro- 
duced and one of the few rich men who have left lega- 
cies for public purposes, the late James S. Gibbes. 

The most distinguished merchant whom the South 
has produced in the cotton business, Franklin Brevard 
Hayne, of New Orleans. 

Nine graduates with the first honors of their classes 
at American colleges: Robert Woodward Barnwell, at 
Harvard; Albert Moore Rhett, at Yale; Robert Means 
Fuller, at Princeton; Rev. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney> 
at the College of Charleston, and William F. Colcock, 
Lewis Reeve Gibbes, Isaac M. Hutson, Haskell Smith 
Rhett, and Rev. John Hebersham Elliott, at the South 
Carolina College. 

Five second honor graduates at the South Carolina 
College: Thomas Middleton Hanckel, Rev. Robert Wood- 
ward Barnwell, Rev. Chas. Edward Leverett, Benjamin 
Rhett Stuart, and John Grimke Rhett. From the found- 
ation of that college up to 1861 there were 104 first and 
second honor graduates of the South Carolina College, 
and therefore nearly one-tenth of these were descend- 
ants of Dr. Henry Woodward. 


Three Presidents of Colleges: Robert Woodward 
Barnwell, of the South Carolina College, William Peron- 
neau Finley, of the Charleston College, and J. Ford 
Prioleau, Dean of the Medical College of the State of 
South Carolina. 

The most distinguished editor in the State up to the 
Confederate War, John A. Stuart, of The Charleston 
Mercury, and the late N. G. Gonzales of The [Columbia] 
State, were from the same stock. 

In ^^ Adamses Dictionary of American Authors'', pub- 
lished in 1901, the names of 115 authors are given who 
were born in this State, and of these nine or nearly one- 
twelve are descended from the first settler. They are 
as follows: Stephen Elliott, the naturalist; William 
Elliott, the author of Carolina Sports; Sarah Barnwell 
Elliott, the novelist; Rev. Richard Fuller, the Rev. James 
Hazzard Cuthbert, Rev. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, 
Paul Hamilton Hayne, Charles Woodward Hutson, and 
William Hamilton Hayne. 

Besides these, there are given in Alibone's Dictionary 
of Authors and the supplement to that work, the names 
of Bishop Stephen Elliott, Robert Y. Hayne, Sr., and 
Robert Y. Hayne, Jr., Prof. Lewis R. GibbeSj and William 
Hayne Simmons. It may safely be said therefore, that 
the Woodward stock has contributed to literature one- 
tenth of the authors born in this State, who have been 
considered worthy of mention. 

One of the most distinguished physicians of Charles- 
ton, lately deceased, Robert Barnwell Rhett, Jr., was also 
from this stock. 

It is to be doubted whether any other immigrant to 
this State or to any other State in the United States can 
be shown to have as many distinguished descendants. 


The Houdon Statue of Washington.— In the angle 
formed by the front portico and eastern wing of the 
State House at Columbia, on a crude pedestal, constructed 
by convict laborers of gcrap granite and marble, stands 
one of South Carolina's greatest art treasures. It is the 
bronze cast of Jean Antoine Houdon's marble life-size 
statue of George Washington. On the front of the 
bronze base upon which the statue stands is the name 
"George Washington"; on the left side the words ''futied 
J. Giinthermann" and on the right side "fait par houdon 
Citoyen francais, 1788" and "W. J. Hubard Foundry, 
Richmond, Va., 1858." 

The history of this statue and of its original are in- 
teresting chapters in the history of art in South Carolina 
and in America. 

On the 22nd of June, 1784, the General Assembly of 

Resolved, That the Executive be requested to take measures for 
procuring a statue of General Washington, to be of the finest marble 
and best workmanship, with the following inscription on its pedestal: 

''The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia have 
caused this Statue to be erected as a Monument of Affection and Grati- 
tude to GEORGE WASHINGTON, who, uniting to the Endowments 
of the Hero the virtues of the Patriot, and exerting both in estab- 
lishing the Liberties of his Country, has rendered his Name dear to 
his Fellow Citizens, and given the World an immortal Example of true 

That inscription was written by James Madison. Ben- 
jamin Harrison was at the time governor of Virginia, 
and a little more than a month after the date of the reso- 
lution, he wrote to Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jef- 
ferson, then in Paris, and asked them to attend to the 
matter, and acquainted them that he had requested Mr. 
Peale (Charles Willson) to send them a full-length por- 


trait of Gen. Washington, to be used as a model for the 
sculptor. Franklin and Jefferson engaged Houdon, a 
portrait sculptor then without a rival in the world, to go 
to America for the purpose. Jefferson wrote: 

The terms are twenty-five thousand hvres, one thousand English 
guineas, for the statue and pedestal. Besides this, we pay his ex- 
penses going and returning, which we exa|ct will be between four and 
five thousand livres; and if he dies on the voyage, we pay his family 
ten thousand livres. This latter proposition was disagreeable to us; 
but he has a father, mother, and sisters, who have no resource but in 
his labor; and he is himself one of the best men in the world. 

To insure the State against loss in case of his death, 
Jefferson, through John Adams, procured an insurance 
upon Houdon's life, in London, at an additional expense 
of five hundred livres, or about ninety-two dollars. It 
was more than a year after the order for the statue was 
given before Houdon arrived. He came in the same 
vessel that brought Franklin home. On the 20th. of 
September, 1785, Franklin gave Houdon a letter of in- 
troduction to Washington, and, at the same time, wrote 
to him to apprise him of Houdon's arrival. Washington 
immediately wrote to Houdon: 

It will give me pleasure, sir, to welcome you to this seat of my re- 
tirement; and whatever I have or can procure that is necessary to your 
purposes, or convenient and agreeable to your wishes, you must freely 
command, as inclination to oblige you will be among the last things in 
which I shall be deficient, either on your arrival or during your stay. 

Houdon arrived at Mount Vernon on the 3rd. of Octo- 
ber, furnished with all necessary materials for making 
a bust of Washington. He remained for a fortnight, 
and made, on the living face of Washington, a plaster 
mould, preparatory for the clay impression, which was 
then modelled into the form of a bust, and immediately, 
before it could shrink from drying, moulded and cast in 
plaster, to be afterwards copied in marble, in Paris. The 
clay model was left at Mount Vernon, where it was seen 
in 1859 by Benson J. Lossing from whose work, Mount 


Vernon and Its Associations ^ the foregoing details have 
been gathered. 

In the presence of James Madison Houdon made exact 
measurements of the person of Washington, made notes 
on the sort of clothes he wore, etc., and then returned 
to France. The statue was not completed until 1789, 
when to the inscriptioii upon the pedestal were added 
the words: ''Done in the year of CHRIST one thou- 
sand seven hundred and eighty-eight, and in the year of 
the commonwealth, twelve." 

This statue, which still adorns the capitol at Rich- 
mond, is of fine Italian marble, life-size. The costume 
is of the military dress of the Revolution. The right 
hand rests upon a staff ; the left is upon the folds of a 
military cloak thrown over the end of a bundle of fasces, 
with which are connected a sword and plough. Gouver- 
neur Morris, who was in Paris when the statue was ex- 
ecuted, stood as a model for the person of Washington, 
writing in his diary under date of "June 5, 1789": "Go 
to M. Houdon's. He's been waiting for me a long time. 
I stand for the statue of General Washington, being the 
humble employment of a- manikin. This is literally 
taking the advice of St. Paul, to be all things to all men." 

About half a century ago several reproductions in 
bronze were made of this statue at the foundry of W. 
J. Hubard, in Richmond, as set forth on the base of 
South Carolina's copy. One of these reproductions is at 
Lexington, Va., one at Raleigh, N. C, one is still in pri- 
vate hands and there is possibly one in New York. 

When these reproductions were offered for sale Hon. 
A. P. Butler, then senior United States Senator from 
South Carolina, wrote to Governor Allston advising him 
to procure one for the State. 

In his next message to the General Assembly, Novem- 
ber 23, 1857, Governor Allston had this to say: 



One of the last letters which I received from the late Senator But- 
ler, related to a copy, in bronze, of Houdon's statue of Washington, 
which he recommended should be purchased by the State. It is pleas- 
ing to recur to the recollection of this great and good man. It is a 
boon to mankind when the good God permits sometimes the wisdom 
of love, associated with faith and hope, to be embodied in a human 
form, whose fovor we may look upon and admire. It is true that our 
debt of gratitude to his memory cannot thus be paid; but it is due to 
ourselves that we should acknowledge it by some visible token, and it 
is due to posterity to provide a monument, to which the young may be 
pointed when curious to realize the idea of his manly proportions, or 
when enjoined by their matrons to study the character of Washington, 
and emulate the virtues which adorn it. I propose that a statue be 
ordered and that provision be made for its erection with the New State 

This part of the Governor's message was referred to 
the Special Joint Committee on the State House and 
Grounds. This committee was so busy at that time with 
the work of building the new State House that their re- 
port was not reached during the session. At the next 
session Governor Allston had this to say in his annual 
message, read to the General Assembly on November 23, 

The statue of Washington, to which my Message of last November 
alluded, as having been proposed by the lamented Senator Butler, was 
completed soon after. Ascertaining in March that the artist was ob- 
liged to dispose of his work, and being certified that it was valuable, 
I took it for the State at ten thousand dollars, advancing two thousand 
from the Contingent Fund. I now ask an appropriation of eight thou- 
sand dollars to complete the purchase, and compensate fully the in- 
genious artist. The statue is of bronze. It has been placed in the 
Orphan House grounds in Charleston, under the care of the city au- 
thorities, until the New State House shall be sufficiently finished to 
render it safe in the State grounds here. 

On the 18th. of December the following report was 
read in the House: 

The Committee of Ways and Means, to whom was referred so much 
of the Governor's Message as relates to the purchase of the statue of 
Washington, respectfully report: That they have duly considered the 
same, and approve the purchase made by the Governor, and they re- 
commend the adoption of the following resolution: 


Resolved, That eight thousand dollars be appropriated to complete 
the purchase of the statue of- Washington, and that the Governor be 
authorized to draw the same, and pay it over to the proper party. 
Resolved, That the House do agree to the report. 
Ordered, That it be sent to the Senate for concurrence. 
By order, 


In the Senate, December 20, 1858. 
Resolved, That the Senate do concur in the report, 
Ordered, That it be returned to the House of Representatives. 
By order, 


When the new State House had been "sufficiently 
finished to render" the statue ''safe in the State grounds" 
the statue was taken up from Charleston and placed in 
the lower corridor of the State House where it remained 
until sixteen or seventeen years ago when it was re- 
moved to the spot where it now stands. During that 
period the walking cane upon which the General's right 
hand rests was in some manner broken. 

An Early Fire Insurance Company.— So far as is 
generally known to students of American economic his- 
tory the first fire insurance company in America was 
organized in Charles Town in 1735. The South-Carolina 
Gazette contains frequent advertisements and notices of 
this company, from November 15, 1735, to February 19, 
1741. It was called The Friendly Society for the Mu- 
tual Insuring of Houses against Fire, and the names 
connected with it, were those of some of the most pros- 
perous and prominent men of the Province. 

The following notices from The South-Carolina Ga- 
zette give best the history of the forming of this com- 
pany, and the methods of conducting its business: 

I can with Pleasure inform my Readers, that there was one Day 
last Week a Meeting of several of the Freeholders of this Town, who 
then entered into an Agreement to form themselves into a Friendly 
Society for a mutual insuring of their Houses against Fire. And as 
by the Agreement and Proposals annexed thereto, this Design is cal- 


culated only for a general Good to the Freeholders who shall enter 
into the same, it is not doubted but the several worthy Freeholders 
will, on Perusal thereof (which lye at the House of Capt. Wm. Pinck- 
ney on the Bay for that Purpose) think them so reasonable and ad- 
vantageous as to deserve their Attention and Encouragement, by 
signing the same within a Month from this Day. 

The Agreement will be continued at the above Place, for the Peru- 
sal and Signing of the Inhabitants till the first Day of January next, 
and in the mean time the proper Articles and Regulations will be pre- 
pared, of which Notice shall from time to time be given in this Paper, 
in order to their being then punctually carried into Execution. (No- 
vember 15, 1735.) 

Agreeable to the Advertisehient in last Gazette, several Gentlemen 
who ware wilhng to be concerned in Insuring their Houses from Fire, 
mett at Capt. Wm. Pinckney's last Tuesday Evening, where they 
agreed to several Articles, in order to form themselves into a Society 
for the above Purpose, and appointed a committee to prepare and 
draw up the Same by next Meeting, which was greed to be on Tues- 
day next the 23d Instant at 5 o'Clock in the Afternoon, at the afore- 
said House. 

These are therefore to desire all such as are inclined to be concerned, 
that they would not fail meeting, to give their Opinions on the Rules 
then to be laid before them. 
■ N. B. It is proposed to open the Book for Subscriptions the First 
Day of January and to continue till the First Day of February next. 
(December 20, 1735.) 

ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT, indented, had, made, concluded 
and agreed upon, by and between the several Persons, Freeholders 
and Owners of Houses, Messauges and Tenements in Charles- 
Town in Berkley County in the Province of South-Carolina, whose 
Names are hereunto subscribed, for a mutual Insurance of their 
Houses and Tenements from Loss by Fire. 

WHEREAS the Insurance of Houses against Fire hath by experience 
been found to be of very great Service, to many Persons, who 
would otherwise have been reduced to Poverty and Want. And 
whereas, by reason of our Distance from Great-Britain, no In- 
surance Office there, will upon any Terms or Conditions, insure 
any House in this Town from Loss by Fire; and it being natural 
for Men to form themselves into Companies and Societies, in order 
to guard against those Evils and Mischiefs, which separately and 
in their distinct capacities they would not be able to avoid. WE 
THEREFORE, whose names are hereunto subscribed. Freehold- 
ers and Owners of Houses Messuages and Tenements in Charles- 
town taking the Premises into Consideration, DO by these presents 
freely and voluntarily, and for our mutual Benefit and Advantage, 
covenant, promise, conclude and agree, for ourselves and our re- 


spective Heirs, Executors and Administrators, to and with each 
the other of us, in manner and form following, that is to say. 

Imprimis, We do. covenant, promise, conclude and agree, That we 
will, and we do by these Presents form ourselves (as far as by 
Law we may) into a SOCIETY for the mutual INSURANCE of 
our respective Messuages and Tenements in Charles-Town (which 
shall be entered in Books of the Directors of the Society to be 
insured) from Losses by Fire, and do name and call ourselves the 

Item, We do covenant, promise, conclude and agree, that we will be- 
come humble Suitors to his Honour the Lieut Governor, and the 
General Assembly, to pass an Act of General Assembly in Favour 
of our said Society, thereby to enable us to purchase Lands, 
Houses, and Tenements. Goods and Chattels, and to lend out 
Moneys, in order to have and establish a Fund, always ready to 
make good any Loss or Demand that may be made on the said 
Society, and for Enabling Guardians to insure Messuages, Houses 
and Tenements of Orphans and Minors. 

Item, That no Person or Persons whatsoever shall be, or be admitted 
to be, a Member of this Society, but such only as have, or shall, 
a Messuage, House or Tenement, scituate in Charlestown afore- 
said, insured. 

Item, That all such Persons who shall become Members of this So- 
ciety, shall meet on every first Tuesday in February Yearly and 
every year, at such House as the Directors shall appoint, The 
first General Meeting to be at the House of William Pinckney, in 
Charlestown aforesaid, or at such other time and Place as the 
Majority of the Members shall appoint, to choose proper Officers 
and to make such Rules and Regulations as may appear Necessary. 

Item, That there shall be chosen on such Annual Meetings of the said So- 
ciety, by the Majority of the Members then present, five Directors 
(three of whom shall be a Quorum) one Treasurer, and one Clerk, 
and three Appraisers, and also two or more Fire Masters, whose 
particular business shall be directed in the first General Meeting 
of the said Society. 

Item, That towards raising a Fund, for answering all Exigencies of 
the said Society, every Member of the Society insuring a House, 
Messuage or Tenement, to the Value of One Thousand Pounds, 
Current Money, shall pay down, before he has his Policy of Insu- 
rance dehvered to him, the Sum of Ten Pounds like Money, by 
way of Premium, and so in proportion for a greater or less Sum 
by every Member insured. 

Item, That every Member of the Society, insuring a House, Mes- 
suage or Tenement, to the Value of One Thousand Pounds Cur- 
rent Money, shall give his Bond, payable to the Directors and 
Treasurer of the Society, and their Successors in Office for One 


Hundred Pounds like Current Money, (and so in proportion for a 
greater or less Sum insured) payable with lawful Interest at 10 
per Centum, within 12 months next ensuing the Date of such Bonds 
which Interest shall be duly paid yearly and every year. And in 
case any Person or Persons shall refuse or neglect to pay the In- 
terest as aforesaid to be come due on their respective Bonds by 
the Space of 3 Months after the same becomes due, every such 
person so refusing or neglecting as aforesaid, shall loose and for- 
feit all Benefit and Advantage of his Insurance, any thing in his, 
her or their Policy of Insurance to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Item, That all Monies, arising by the Payment of the said Premiums, 
and the Interest of the several Bonds as aforesaid, which shall 
remain in the Hands of the Treasurer (over and above the Sum 
of 2001) after defraying all necessary Charges accruing on extin- 
guishing hire, shall by the Directors be lent out at Interest, upon 
good and sufficient Security, on Bonds payable as aforesaid, and 
all the Interest thereon, as soon as the same shall be paid in, shall 
be again, let out at Interest, for the Use and Benefit of the said 
Society proportionably : Provided that no less a Sum than 1001. 
shall be lent to any one person. 

Item, That in case of a Loss by Fire, happening to any person insured 
by the said Society, all the Members of the said Society shall be 
obliged to pay to the Directors and Treasurer such part of the 
Money due on their Bonds, or the whole thereof, if it be necessary, 
to pay and make good to the Insured, what their Loss may appear 
to be, agreable to the Policy of Insurance of the person sustain- 
taining such Loss. 

Item, That within 3 Days after any Fire and Loss to any person in- 
sured, the proper Officers of the Society shall survey the Damage, 
and report the same to the Directors, who shall thereupon take 
such Measures as shall be necessary for the Payment of the Loss 

Item, That every Person insured shall have a lawful Claim and De- 
mand upon the Directors of the Company for their Loss sustained 
by Fire, in the Messuage House or Tenement insured, agreeable 
to their Policy of Insurance, and such Loss shall be made good to 
them within three Months after such Loss. And if it should 
so happen, that such Person is not then paid his Loss, he shall be 
allowed lawful Interest thereon, from the Expiration of the said 
three Months, until same is paid; which shall be absolutely done, 
both Loss and Interest, within 12 Months from the Loss. 

Item, But in case it shall so happen, that more Houses, Messuages 
or Tenements insured should be burned or destroyed by Fire, than 
the whole stock of the Society should amount to, then and in 
every such case there shall be but an equal and proportionable 
Division of the said Stock to every Person according to his Loss 


sustained and the said Society shall be discharged from making 
good any Loss further than the Amount of their Stock. 

Item, That when any Loss shall happen to any Person insured, his 
Proportion of any Demand that might be made on his Bond to- 
wards making good such Loss, shall be reckoned as paid to him 
in part of Payment of his Loss sustained. 

Item, That if in time of Fire, the Fire Masters, or other Officers of the 
Society, shall think it necessary to pull down or blow up a House 
insured, in order to stop the Fire, such House shall be made good 
to the Insured in the same Manner as if it had been destroyed or 
damaged by Fire. 

Item, That no House, Messuage or Tenement shall be insured for a 
less Sum than 250 Pounds Current Money, nor any for a larger 
Sum than Four Thousand Pounds like Money. 

Item, That for the better Regulating the affairs of the said Society, 
every Member having 500 Pounds insured, shall have a right to 
vote, in all Meetings of the said Society, in all Matters, transact- 
ing therein, and any two Persons having 250 pounds, each insured 
may join, and be intitled to one vote, and any Person having 1000 
Pounds insured shall be intitled to two Votes, and so in proportion 
for a greater or less Sum. insured 

Item, That in order the better to establish and continue this Society, 
that no Member thereof shall be at Liberty, at any time within 5 
Years next ensuing the Date hereof, to withdraw himself or his 
Bond (to be entered into as aforesaid) but shall be obliged to pay 
the same according to the Tenor thereof, and these Articles, only 
in case such Member shall bona fide sell or dispose of his House, 
Messuage or Tenement insured; then and in such Case his bond 
shall be delivered up or discharged pro tanto, without any further 
Demand to be made upon him, nor shall he any further, as to 
such Messuage, House or Tenement so bona fide so sold or dis- 
posed of, be deemed a Member of the said Society. But on any 
Persons so selling or disposing of his Messuage, House or Tene- 
ment insured, the Vendee, on signing a Bond of the sam'e Import 
with that signed by the Vendor, on his being insured, shall be in- 
tituled to thesame Benefits and Advantages, Subject to the same 
Demands as the Vendor is intituled or subject to under his In- 

Item, That these Articles shall be subscribed and closed on the first 
Tuesday in February next, when the Proper Officers for the ensu- 
ing year shall be then chosen by a Majority of the Society then 
present. And that the Directors, then named shall have Power 
to admit other Persons, who are willing to become Members of 
the said Society, at such times and in such classes as they think 
In Witness Whereof &c. (December 27, 1735.) 


Whereas at the last Meeting of those who designed to be concern'd 
in Insuring their Houses from Loss by Fire, several Rules, for the 
better government of the said Society were agreed to, and ordered to 
be printed in the next Gazette, that all Persons, who are willing to be 
concern'd, may be fully apprized of the same; It was also agreed, 
that those Rules should be ingrossed, and ready to be signed by every 
Person willing to be a member, on or before the First Tuesday in 
February next. —That each Person who subscribes those Rules, shall 
at the same time subscribe the Sum he will engage in as a Member, — 
That as the Supposed Value of those, who had the former Subscrip- 
tions declared their Readiness to concur in this affair, would amount 
to above £100,000, It was then resolved to carry the Design into Exe- 
cution, if no others should join in it. — That Mssrs Jacob Motte, 
James Crockatt, and Henry Perroneau jun should be Managers in be- 
half of the Society until First Tuesday in February next, when the 
Proper Officers should be chosen. 

And to prevent, as much as possible, any needless Expence, most 
of the Company then present declared their Readiness, to Serve in 
any Office they might be thought capable of, or chosen into, without 
Fee or Reward. 

We the above named Managers for the Friendly Society do hereby 
give Notice that the Rules, printed in last Saturday's Gazette, will 
be ingrossed and ready for signing by Tuesday the 6th. of January 
and that the same will lay at the House of Mr. Jacob Motte from 
that Time to the First Tuesday in February. And also desire all 
those who subscribe to the same that they would give in a List of 
what Houses they design to have Insured, describing the Situation, 
Quality and Value thereof, in order to have Policies of Insurance 
ready for the Same. (January 3, 1736.) 

On Tuesday last most of the Members of the FRIENDLY SOCIETY 
mett at the House of Capt. Wm. Pinckney and made choice of the 
several Officers, to wit, 

John Fenwick, Joseph Wragg, Charles Pinckney, Esqrs; Mr. James 
Crockatt, Mr. Henry Peronneau jun; Merchants Directors. Gabriel 
Manigault Esq; Treasurer. Mr. Jacob Motte Clerk. Capt. Edward 
Croft, Capt. Isaac Holmes & Mr. Archibald Young, Appraisors. 
Capt. Gerrit Vanvelsen and Mr John Laurens, Fire-Masters, for the 
Year ensuing, agreable to their Rules; and finding it would take 
some further time to prepare the Policies, Bonds etc. they agreed, 
That from this Night to the first day of March next all the subscri- 
bers to their Rules shall be Insurers and Insured to all Intents, as 
much as if they had given Bond and received their PoKcies ; and, That 
those Members who do not take out their Policies by that Time, will 
no longer be Insured but Still Insurers. It was also further agreed, 
that any person may be admitted as original Member till that time, 
which Day is appointed for another general Meeting of the said So- 


ciety, at 6 o'clock in the evening at the same place. 

N. B. The Policies will be ready to be delivered by Mr. Gabriel 
Manigault, Treasurer of said Society, on Thursday next. (February 
7, 1736.) 

Notice is hereby given to the several Me.nbers of the Friendly So- 
ciety that their annual Meetings by their Articles, is to be on every 
First Tuesday in February, at the House of Capt. WiUiam Pinckney 
in Charles town, these are therefore to remind the several Members 
of said Society thereof, and that they may make proper Provision for 
the Payment of the Interest which will be due to the said Society on 
the Third Day of said Month, to the Treasurer of said Society, or 
other ways they will forfeit the Benefit of their Insurance; and also 
to give notice to the several persons who have borrowed any Money 
from the said Society that unless they punctually discharge the In- 
terest due on their Bonds on the said 3d Day of February, their Bonds 
will be sued without further notice; The said Interest Money together 
with several other Sums of Money being there to be lett out at Inter- 
est for the Benefit of the said Society. And these are further to give 
Notice to all Persons who are willing to enter into the said Society, 
that the Books will be kept open to the first Day of March next, until 
which Time air persons properly qualified, who are willing to enter 
into so useful and commendable an undertaking, may be admitted as 
original Members, applying to Mr. Jacob Motte, in Charles Town. 
(January 22, 1737.) 

These are to give notice to all and every the Members of the Friendly 
Society for the mutual Insurance of Houses in Charles Town, from loss 
by Fire, and also to all the Freeholders in Charles Town who are, or 
have a mind to become Members of the said Society, that the ad- 
ditional Articles and Agreements, directed to be prepared by a great 
Majority of the Members of the said Society are finish'd, ingross'd 
and Signed by several of the Members, and are left at the House of 
Mr. James Osmond on the Bay in Charles Town aforesaid, for the 
Persual and signing of the Members of the said Society; and that the 
same will be continued there for the said Purposed until the Eleventh 
Day of July next, after which Time, by a clause in the said Articles, 
no Person can be admitted as a Member of the New Co-partnership; 
These are therefore to give publick Notice thereof to all the Members 
of the said Society, and all the other Freeholders of Charles-Town, 
that they may, if they think proper, enter into said Society, and be- 
come Co-partners in the said Additional Articles, and partake of all 
the Advantages arising thereby, provided they do the same before the 
said Eleventh Day of July next. (April 9, 1737.) 

Whereas some of the Members of the Friendly Society have omitted 
to pay the Interest arising on their Bonds to the said Society and 
which becomes due on every third Day of February, it was thought 
proper and so ordered by the said Society at their last annual Meeting 


to publish the following Parag^raph of the Articles of the said Society, 
to the Intent that several Members may be apprised of the Danger 
they run into by the neglect of Payment of their Interest, besides 
leaving themselves subject to be sued on their respective Bonds to 
the said Society. It is therefore expected that all the Members of 
the said Society will for the future be punctual in discharging the In- 
terest of their Bonds on the Day it becomes due. 

"And in case any Person or Persons shall refuse or neglect to pay 
the Interest as afore said to become due on their respective Bonds, 
by-^the space of 3 months after the same becomes due, every such 
PersDn so refusing or he^le^ting as afore sad shall loose or forfeit all 
Benefit and Advantage of his Insurance, any thing in his her or their 
Policies of Insurance to the contrary notwithstanding." 

By order of the Friendly Society, 

Jocob Motte, C. (Febru- 
ary 9, 1738.) 

The following notice is the last one which appears in 
the Gazette. On November 18, 1740, there was a large 
fire^ which consumed half the town. The loss has been 
estimated at $1,500,000, and three hundred houses were 
destroyed. This fire in all probability ruined the 
Friendly Society: 

Pursuant to the Directions given at a General Meeting of the 
Friendly Society in Charles-Town on Tuesday the Third Instant. 
These are to give Notice to the Several Persons indebted to the said 
Society, that unless they discharge their respective Debts on or be- 
fore the 25th Day of March next, they must expect to have their 
Bonds put in Suit; and as the Necessity the Society are under for 
calling in their Money, must be apparent to every one, it is hoped 
that no Person will fail of punctually paying off their Bonds within 
the Time above limited, or take it amiss if they do, if they are then 
sued without further notice by 

Charles Pinckney. 

(February 19, 1741.) 

Any further information about this early insurance 
company will be of great value to the South Carolina 
Historical Society, or any information about the policies 
will be appreciated, as the Society is very anxious to 
obtain one, or a photograph of one, if any still exist. 


William Harleston Huger, M. D., a member of the 
South Carolina Historical Society, died at his residence, 
No. 140 Broad Street, Charleston, in the eighty-first 
year of his age, Monday, December 17, 1906. He had 
been a sufferer from asthma for many years, and only 
the remarkable strength of his constitution enabled him 
to resist as long as he did the severe attacks of grip 
and asthma from which he suffered. 

He was born May 20, 1826, in Charleston District. 
He was the son of Dr. Benjamin Huger and Miss 
Harleston. His father was a prominent and successful 
rice planter and was widely known as a practitioner of 
great skill and culture, and lived on Richmond planta- 
tion, which was located on the eastern branch of Cooper 

As a youth he attended a private school conducted by 
Mr. Christopher Coates. After leaving this private 
school he went to the South Carolina College, from 
which institution he was graduated in 1846. 

After a short vacation he entered the Medical College 
of South Carolina and studied in the office of Dr. Peter 
C. Gaillard. After completing a course in medicine he 
went to Paris to continue his studies. He took a course 
of lectures and a hospital course in the French capital, 
his companions there being Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, Dr. 
Cornelius Kollock and his close friend. Dr. Christopher 
FitzSimons. After finishing his course he returned to 
Charleston, where he began the practice of his profes- 
sion, which he continued until his last illness. 

When a young man, shortly after his return to 
Charleston from Paris, Dr. Huger was elected physician 


to the Charleston Orphan House, which position he held 
until the day of his death. He completed a half-century 
of service as physician to that institution in December, 
1904, and on that occasion the board of commissioners 
of the Charleston Orphan House presented him with a 
handsome silver berry bowl and appropriate resolutions. 
The presentation address was made by Dr. J. Somers 
Buist, who, in the course of his remarks, said : 

For fifty years unopposed you have served this institution, an evi- 
dence of the esteem and confidence reposed in. you by the successive 
city administrations and boards of commissioners of these periods. 
Through war and pestilence, cyclone and earthquake, and all the 
necessities of those stirring periods you have been faithful to the 
trust imposed upon you and now, in the golden days of your life, you 
witness the fruition of your success in still being the beloved physi- 
cian of t^is institution, honored by all in our community. * * * 
In asking you to accept of this testimonial we do it with a heart full 
of love and truth. May it always be to you a connecting link of con- 

An excerpt from the resolutions presented by the 
board of commissioners on the occasion of the presenta- 
tion of the silver berry bowl is as follows : 

This learned physician, polished gentleman and faithful steward 
has done his duty well, and now in the golden year of his professional 
association, when the shadows are growing longer, we can safely say 
that he has the love and confidence of us all. 

And when the time comes for him to lay down his burden, which 
we sincerely pray may be long distant, we can say with all truth and 

''Well done, thou good and faithful servant." 

During the war for State's Rights Dr. Huger was first 
stationed on James's Island, and was later put in charge 
of the army hospital in Charleston. After Charleston 
was evacuated, Dr. Huger was sent to the hospital at 
Cheraw and afterwards was transferred to Sumter. 
At one time Dr. Huger served on the board of exami- 
ners of soldiers for the army. He was a member of the 
board of health of Charleston more than twenty-five 


He was passionately fond of horse-flesh and greatly 
admired fine stock. For many years he was a steward 
of the old South Carolina Jockey Club and frequently 
recalled some of his experiences at the track with no 
small degree of pleasure. 

He married Sabina H. Lowndes, a daughter of Charles 
T. Lowndes, who survives him. 



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\/OJL. \/III-IVo. 2^ 


Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C. , as Second-class Matter. 

Printed for the Society by 


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Letters from the Marquis de Lafayette to Hon. 

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please notify the Secretary and Treasurer, 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 

SopTH Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 

The South CaroHna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VIII. APRIL, 1907. No. 2. 

TO HON. HENRY LAURENS, 1777-1780. 

{Continued from the January number. ^ 


Albany the 28'^ march 1778 
Dear Sir 

inclos'd I have the honor to send you by doctor treat 
the bills of exchange destinated for the Canadian expedi- 
tion— I expect every day to hear from Congress and 
whatever will be theyr decision I schall go to his excel- 
lency's camp— my being so much disappointed once has 
made me rather cautious and I do'nt want to embark 
myself in any romantic avanture— the command of fish 
kill I no more think of because I hear to day it was 
given before my letter was received to a worthy, honest, 
and good officer who by his being a new yorker can do 
much better than any other — therefore, sir, the day 
after to morrow will see me going down even when I 
schould not have got any answer from Congress— its 
tenor will regulate my being or not being an officer in 
the army, but it schall not prevent my being Near my 
friend and running every where honor and glory will 
call me. 


the doctor bearer of this letter I may give an high 
character to on account of the good order I have found 
in the hospitals — with the greatest regard I have the 
honor to be 

dear sir 

Your Most obedient Servant 
the M" de Lafayette 
I am told a general exchange is 
to take place and wish it be for our advantage 
the honorable Mr laurens &c &c turn'd 

the 30 

I have received to day the answer of Congress and also 
the order from gnl Washington to come down, and 
schall set out tomorrow morning. 
Endorsed: Marqu. delafayette 
28 March 1778 
Rec' 14 April- 
Answ' 17*^— 

Addressed: to 

the honorable Mr Laurens esq. president 
of Congress 

York town 

Camp at Walley forge 10*^ april 1778 
Dear sir 

I received in the same time the letter of his excel- 
lency to come back to his camp, also the answer of Con- 
gress by Colonel Armand, and I sat of immediately for 
head quarters— by the rumours of albany and the news 
of the diligent exertions in every state, I was in hopes 
to find the army amounting to a very respectable 

you remember, sir, when I arrived at Philadelphia 
that I have alwais mentioned a french officer o/ my 


family Mr Capitaine of the rgt of aquitaine, who on 
account of his being sick had been left in CaroHna when 
I came through those states, and for reasons too long 
to explain was never sent for till this moment — It is to 
you, sir, that I have the obligation of his being in york — 
the engagement he has made with m'^ deane was to 
be a capitaine whose commission and appointments 
would run since October 1 1776— when those engage- 
ments didnt meet with the approbation of Congress it 
was promised that Mr Copitaine would be looked on in 
a different light— I leave entirely to Congress what 
they will think proper to do for him, but beg leave to 
observe that officers who have no more seen the fire of 
the last campaign have been promoted to much higher 

I take also the Liberty of reccommending to Congress 
a gentleman Mr de second who has been introduced to 
me by the desire of my father in law the duke day en, 
and I beg you would mention my desire of seeing him 
employed— Count de pulaski has told me he would 
make him a Captain in his Legion which if Congress 
approves of it will suit that gentleman very well. 

I have no doubt but that Count de pulaski will obtain 
what he desires — if ever a good active, indefatigable 
officer, a brave and honest man as far as these expres- 
sions can be extended, and a man of notice and reputa- 
tion in the world is entitled to the Consideration of 
Congress the count deserves it on every respect — 

with the greatest regard I have the honor to be 

Your most obedient servant 
the M^' de Lafayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 
10 april 1778 Rec^ 13*^ 



camp at valley forge 14 april 1778 
N. b. do not forget Mr du 

plessis's resolve, with the two lines 

from Mr. president's hand: 
Dear Sir 

I am now writing to you from my old ground, and I 
wish I had never seen the northern ones— by that ex- 
pedition (besides what disagreament it brings in 
itself) I have only got many ennemys, much trouble, and 
I have been prevented from doing such good in my di- 
vision as my presence could have afforded — by this time 
I dare say you have received a kind of resignation from 
the baron de kalb— he wants to go home— it is fo far, 
my dear sir, from here to franco — I wish very much 
that Congress would not loose any time in falling upon 
such plans as could give zeal to the officers, some pride 
and life to all the army and prevent that resignating 
sickness propagated through the whole continent— It 
has been the case in many republics, it has been also a 
vice in the army of the english kingdom that the troops 
di'nt meet with that Consideration which constitutes 
theyr pride and entertain useful prejudices — how 
stronger will be the Country when diie respect is pay'd 
not only to the quality of an officer but also to the noble 
existence of a soldier? 

I did not speack yet to You of the letter I have received 
from Congress, and schould be glad to know your private 
opinion about it — however I see very plainly that 
Congress is very far from ever thinking of any thing 
they could believe fit for displeasing me— you will 
confess there has been some miss in the form. 

with the greatest impatience I expect those of com- 
mittee of Congress who I understand are to come back 
with decisive answers for the regulation of the army — 



I wish'd every thing could be upon a proper footing and we 
could know in which way things will be managed during 
the campaign so that every one may know what he is to 
command and begin to put his department in order 

there has been some idea of creating lieutenant gen- 
erals — I do not at all approve of the measure as I 
know it will make noises, disatisfactions, and jealousies 
which are already too much spent upon the Continent— 
if the promotion was to be made by date of commissions 
those whom it schall stop will play the devil— if not, 
the affair will be much worse — I think as we are likely 
to have but four or ^ve major generals at most the best 
way would be to have the army divided in so many 
divisions as it was under the marshal of broglio — then 
congress schould fill up all the vacancies of briga- 
dier generals, reinforce the regiments and lessen the 
number of officers, because officers are pay'd by the Coun- 
try for six times more men than we have in fact- 
one other thing, my dear sir, I am much concersied for, 
is to see how slowly we receive those reinforcements 
and those so magnified drafts. 

You know by this time the ill succes^s of the negotia- 
tions Concerning the exchange — the only aim of the 
ennemy is to involve us into some shameful /atta? pas to 
ruin us by ourselves, to create divisions, jealousies, and 
renew that foolish idea of a reconciliation with great 
britain upon honest and safe terms— I am afraid they 
will by the bye corrupt and deceive the narrow and in- 
cautious minds of some even good men, and I believe 
any correspondence schould be broken up — that 
people we must never speak to but with fire and swords 
in our hands— for our prisoners, the only way to stop 
theyr monstrous barbarites will be the most strict and 
merciless retaliation. 

I have seen the prussian baron who seems a sensible, 
good, disinterested man, and takes good deal of trouble 


to teach the soldiers some of our european maneuvres 
and regulations. 

general gates is, I am told, very angry against me — 
that I cannot help — frankly I have sayd what I have 
coldly seen, and there are in the world more pow- 
erfull men than M' gates who have heard from me dis- 
agreable truths — but I am so far of any resentment, 
so far of being pleased with that state of bad under- 
standing, that I am ready to be general gates's good 
friend, forgive the northern rediculous expedition, and 
even be of any service to him where the interest of the 
country and this of men I love better will not be Com- 
promised, with a great concern I hear that Sir william 
is to be called at home as that gentleman would be a 
great loss for america— but I hope this will be only a 
flying report. 

I had the intention of sending to you the receipts of 
the monney I have pay'd on public account which is 
pretty high— that is chiefly for officers who wanted a 
part of theyr pay to join theyr regiments, who were 
sent on command and had not a farthing— many of 
them I have neglected to take the receipt from, but it is 
my fault— I have also taken some monney from the 
public chest for an officer of rations— but very un- 
happily I cannot find those papers, and am af fraid they 
have been left in governor Clinton's or ge'nl m^doug- 
gairs quarters — I am going to chearch them, but in 
expecting they would be found I intend to pay what I 
owe — what is diie to me will be pay'd when it will 
please to god as I am much more concerned for the for- 
mer part— I expect to hear to day or to morrow from 
M' de f rancy who in a very obliging manner has desired 
me to take monney from him upon whatever terms Fll 
choose to direct — as soon as it will come to hand I 
schall settle my debts to the public — I was a little 



schort of monney as that fine journey has cost of ex- 
tro'rdinary to me, in advancing money to officers, in 
paying some public accounts, in giving to the indians, 
&c &c about twelve thousand dollars more than I 
schould have expended — that only between us. 

will you be so good as to forward the two inclosed 
letters to my brigadier generals who are both gone 
home— I make them some reccommandations about 
the troops who are to come — I foresee that among 
the plenty of clothes we schall want, there will be an 
immense disagreable, dusty, unholsome deficiency 
of schirts and linen. 

with the most tender affection and highest regard I 
have the honor to be 

Your most obedient servant 
the M^' de Lafayette 
Endorsed : Marquis delaf ayette 

14^ April 1778 Rec^ 26*'^— 


Camps Near Valley forge 21'* april 1778 

Dear Sir 

I will beg leave to trouble again the honorable Congress 
on account of a letter I have reciev'd from Colonel Ar- 
mand now in boston — that gentleman especially dis- 
tinguished by his personal bravery and his zeal and ac- 
tivity as an officer was allowed to raise one other inde- 
pendent corps before the Canadian expedition was 
planed— he had since the project of inlisting his men in 
Canada, and has not been the only one whose flattering 
expectations have been strangely disappointed — he is 
gone on to boston where hopes says he to raise an indepen- 
dant corps of americans, frenchmen, and foreigners de- 
serters (or prisoners) if leave is granted him — his de- 
sire would be also to be annexed to some state where 


he could get the bounty allowed per-inlisted man- 
some advance of money schould be delivered to him — 
Colonel Armand wants too the few men who compose 
his old corps schould be returned in the new one — 
such are, sir, the different articles of his letter which I 
have presented to his excellency gnl Washington — 
but the general directs me to apply to you as some 
points had been previously settled, and some others 
want the authority of Congress to enable him to give a 
decisive answer. 

I am Convinced his excellency will be glad to oblige 
C^°^ armand, and for my own part I beg the h""* Congress 
to take the matter into consideration and let me know 
theyr orders for that gentleman which I schall immedi- 
ately forward. 

as I am going to write to friends and relations of 
mine who may have some influence in a certain Court, I 
take this opportunity of asking in which terms and 
stile it would be better to turn my ideas upon the present 
circumstances— that reflexion of mine is dictated by my 
ardent love for our noble cause — do'nt you think, sir, 
that the present appearant alteration, and trouble in 
the english parliament, (tho to be laughed at till some 
thing more solid will be presented) can be usefully em- 
ployed in precipitating a more particular declaration from 
the court of franco — that I wish very heartily as I 
think it is Consistent with the interests and glory of my 
Country— I beg also leave to observe that your ambas- 
sadors in franco have spoken in too high terms of the 
strength of America— I aprehend the general idea is 
that we do not want any stronger help, but this of the 
usual supplyes of arms, powder &c that may be true, sir, 
that is certainly triie were proper exertions alwais em- 
employed, but I do not believe that way of speacking 
schould be ours with men of influence in a country 


whose the taking a part more decisive yet in the Contest 
is if not necessary, at least very useful. 
I am very sorry that the difficulty of receiving letters, 
and principally the danger they run through before ar- 
riving prevent me from giving to Congress such intelli- 
gences from home as I could wish— I fear also that 
the printing of a letter from the marshal de mouchy 
and the loss of one from the duke de choiseuil will disgust 
my friends from writing upon public business. 

I have the honor to give joy to Congress upon the 
Compliment pay'd to America by the strange speech of 
Lord north— his saying that he had alwais in mind 
to give good terms to this country had he been successfully 
that americans will be more free in being dependant 
than independant tho' pretty old sentences, do^nt sur- 
prise me so much than to hear him Confess how de- 
ceived he has been in his ideas opon the strength of 
America — whatever confidence I may have in theyr 
Candor I think there must be under hand some very 
black scheme— he csJnt fight us out but hopes to nego- 
tiate us out of our rights, he wants to make friends to 
the government by foolish hopes, he entertains those 
trhyce unhappy and dreadfull ideas of division among 
ourselves — he wants to deceive the good and arm the 
wicked, and to asleep the Congress and the states till 
his reinforcements will be ready — if he sincerily 
wishes peace upon such terms as any one can accept 
without ruin and personal as well as national dishonor 
let him withdraw his troops and treat afterwards— I 
think or that afrench war is declared or that england is 
obliged to try her escape behind low vile artifices, in 
both cases I schall have the happinness to see that inde- 
pendency I came so far to fight for, freely ascertained, 
because I do'nt doubt but that Congress Conscious of 
our being near the decisive moment will schortly rein- 


force the hands of this general whose plans give so 
much trouble to his ministerial Lordship. 

as I am also going to write to Mr charles fox a letter 
which will certainly circulate in the opposition, I schall 
be extremely obliged to you, sir, to give me some in- 
structions on that subject which I will also follow in a 
a letter to Lord Schelburne 

I beg a thousand pardons to you, sir, and to the Con- 
gress for my being so long and perhaps tedious in this 
letter — but my pen went faster than my reflexion — 
however I think any warm lover of liberty has the right 
of speaking to those who have in theyr hands the 
safety, the glory of his mistress — if ever I am of 
some service to the Congress my only reward will al- 
wai's be the pleasure of telling them how sincerely I am 
devoted to the interests of the states 

with the highest regards I have the honor to be 

Your most obedient servant 
the m*' de Lafayette 
we have just now a pretty certain entelligence that 
independence is declared in franco 
Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 
21 April 1778 
Rec*^ 24 

Addressed: private Letter 

to the honorable henry Laurens esq. president 
of Congress 

York town 

Camp at Walley forge 24**^ april 1778 
Dear Sir 

receive my sincere thanks for all the marks of polit- 
ness Mr Capitaine has been honored with by you — 


very heartly I take my part of his greatf ulness, and all 
my obligations to you are so great since I have the 
pleasure of your acquaintance that I would be tedious 
was I to express my aknowledgement as I resent it and 
at every occasion I have to thank my good friend Mr 

(between you and me) I Schould have been happy 
had Mr Capitaine been left to me for drawing the last 
campaign as far as possible and for to begin the next 
one — but if he is thought useful any where else I 
have no objection to his going, and am very glad he 
is imployed if no other can do the business— however 
I want him be considered as mine because he was given to 
me by the marshal and count de broglio to whom he was 
belonging before they attached him to me as a present — 
such a gentleman will be very useful to me when the busi- 
ness of the susquehana schall be done, and by the same 
reason to the common wheale— As his expenses have been 
very high Congress will pay what they think proper and 
if not all I schall pay the remains. 

I do'nt know who has lately told that I was going to 
f ranee but if nothing extraordinary happens I intend to 
disappoint the news makers. 

I understand general Gates is coming to camp — god 
grant it may put in order the head of the old gen- 
tleman about a certain friend of us— they say also 
that the committee from Congress will come soon with 
powers of regulating the army — let them set 
out soon, my dear friend, for it is most time to be in 
some kind of order, there is one regulation about 
dividing the army in two wings and a second line which 
either myself either the baron de Steuben dislike very 
much, and we think it would be ten times better to have 
the excellent order adopted last war by the marechal 
de broglio to have the army in four or six divisions each 


of 'em under the command of a T" g^^ (here a major 
general) who had two brigades of the first and two of 
the second line alltogether, so that he Could be sustained 
and reinforced by the part of 2^ line behind him in his 
own way— without that he can not so much answer 
for the event— one other thing is (between us) that we 
have very few officers able to command the third part 
of the army at once— by the other way there is only 
the 4*^ or 6*^ besides a very desirable emulation among the 
divisions — that I give like an idea of mine reconf orted 
by the ideas of the best generals in europe but under the 
most strictest law o/ secrecy as I do'nt like to interfere in 
any business beyond my line 

I will not detain the Capitaine an instant and I intend 
to have the pleasure to write this evening by my valet de 
chambre who isgoing to york. with the most tender affec- 
tion and highest regard I have the honor to be 
dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M^' de Lafayette 
Endorsed:^ The Marquis de la Fayette 
Camp 24*^^ April 1778. 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine, "l 
^In handwriting of Moses Young, secretary of Henry Laurens. 


[Continued from the January numher.'] 

Orders by Major Scott march 8*^: 1778 
L*. Gadsden for Duty this Day — 

After Gen\ Orders march 7^ 1778— The Gen\ orders the 
above Resolutions to be Read at the head of every Corps 
in this State that every member my be acquainted 
therewith — 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 8*^ 1778 
General Orders Parole, Abington orders by Major Scott 
of the same Date Captain Turner Lieu*'. Glover Fish- 
burn & Skirving for Duty Tomorrow— 
Orders by Major Scott march 9^ 1778 Cap\ Theus 
Lieu*', Lining Gadsden & Eraser for Duty tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 9^ 1778— 

General Orders Parole, Chatham 
Head Quarters Charles Town march 10*' : 1778— 
General Orders Parole — Georgia— 
The Detail for tomorrow Cap*, of the Day tomorrow is 
Joseph Werley, from the first Reg*., 1 Cap*. 1 Subaltern, 
from the 3*^ Reg*. 1 Cap*. 1 Subaltern the Prichard 
Guard to be relieved by a Subaltern from the first 

Regt\ Orders by CoP. Pinckney 11*' march 78 

A court Martial to sit this morning for The trial of 
all such prisoners as may be Brought before them all 
Witness to attend — 

Orders by Major Scott 11*' March 1778 Cap*. Turner 
President of the Court L*'. Skirving & Jackson 

for Duty tomorrow Lieu*'. Williamson and Jackson— 
L*. Smith for the Prichards This Day — 


Head Quarters Charles Town March 11*^: 1778 
General Orders Parole Lowndes— 
Regt\ Orders by GoW Pinckney same Date 
The Reg*, is to parade tomorrow at 10 oClock in order to 
pay the usual Compliments on the Proclamation of the 
President, Every officer will take Care that the Dress 
arms & acoutrements of his men be in the Best Order, 
and the CoF. Expects the Reg*, will make the Neates 
appearance possible each Soldier to be provided with 9 
Rounds of Cartridge without ball Both officers & Men 
to be powdered. The CoP. Requests Such of his officers 
as are Members of the General Assembly & Gen\ Court 
Martial to attend the Regiment tomorrow— 
After Gen\ Orders half past 4 oClock all the troops in 
Garison are to parade at 10 oClock tomorrow morning 
Except those on the Magazine Guard, they are to be 
Supplied with 9 Round of Blank Catridges per Man 
they will be ordered to march to Broad Street where 
they will be Drawn up to Compliment the New president, 
by Fireing Such Salutes as will then be Ordered by the 
adjutant General Broughton's Battery will be ready at 
12 oClock tomorrow to fire 13 Cannon Fort Johnston 
will follow firing Cannon, Fort Moultrie will then take 
up the fire and Conclude with Discharging the like 
Number of Cannon, this order to be Transmitted to 
Fort Johnston and Fort Moultrie — 
Regt\ Orders by CoF. Pinckney 13*"^ march 78 
as the allowing officers to Change their Guards has 
Been found productive of Great Inconvenience the CoF. 
Gives this Notice that he will not in futer permit it, 
Excepting for Cause of Real Necessity 

as by Some Mistake the Gen^ Orders Issued by 
General Washington on the S^^ of May Last & by Major 
Gen\ How on the 2^ of Deem". Relative playing at Cards 
& Dice & Gaming were Not transmitted to fort Moultrie 


where the First Reg*, was thein Garisoned, & as the CoP. 
has with Concern, found that some officers have 
Endeavoured to avail themselves of this mistake & have 
Disregarded those orders although they must have Been 
Sensible that Such Gen\ Orders were Existing, in order 
to pervent any advantage from Being taken the Said 
orders are here Inserted as follows— 

Gen\ Howe's orders at Head Quarters in Charles 
Town Decem"". 2^, 1117 the following orders of his 
Excellency Gen\ Washington has not till Lately Been 
officially Received Gen^ Howe Expects & is Determined 
to Exert the Strictest Obedience to it, from persons of 
every Rank in that Devision of the army, he has the 
Honour to Command & he hopes the Salutary that it is 
intended to answer will Induce all persons to obey it 
without Reluctance— 

Head Quarters Morrice Town 8'^: May 1777 as few Vices 
are attended with more pernicious Consequence's sivel 
Life, so there are more fatal in a Melitary one, then 
that of Gaming w'^: often Brings Disgrace and Ruin 
upon officers and injury & punishment upon the Soldiers 
and Reports prevailing Which it is to be f ear'd is too 
well found that this Distructive Vice has Spread Painfull 
Influance in the army and in a perticular manner to the 
Prejudice of the Recruting Service, the Commander in 
Chief in the Most pointed & Expliset terms forbids all 
officers and Soldier playing Cards Dice or at any Game, 
Except those of Exercise for Devertion, it Being 
Impossible if the practice be allowed at all to Distinguish 
Between Innocent for Amusement and Crimonal Gaming 
for P & Sordid purposes, officers attentive to their 
Duty will find abundent of Imployment in Training & 
Deciplining ther men providing for them & Seeing they 
appear Neat & Clean & in a Soldier like manner nor 
will any thing Redownd any thing to their Honour or 



off ord them more Solid amusements or Better answer 
the End of their appointments then to Devout Vacant 
moments they may have to Study of MilHtary orders — 
The Commanding officer of every Corps is Strictly 
Injoin'd to have this order Strictly Read and Strongly 
Impressed on those under his Command, any officer or 
soldier or other persons belonging to or following the 
army Either in Camp or Quarters or the Recruting Ser- 
vice or else where persuming under pretence to Disobey 
this order Shall be tried by a Gen\ Court Martial — 
The Gen\ officers of Division of the army are to pay the 
Strictest attention to the Due exertion thereof — 
The Adju*. Gen\ is to Transmit a Coppy theof to the 
Different Departments of the army, to Cause the same 
to be Immediately Published in the Gazett of each State, 
for the Information of officers Dispersed in the Recruting 
Service — 

the above Orders of the Commander in Chief & of 
Gen\ Howe, are to be Red to the Reg*, this and the 3 
Insuing Field days— 
After Regt\ Orders by Colo^ Pinckney— 
A Court Martial to set this morning for the trial of all 
such prisoners as may be brought before them all 
Evidences to attend — 

Orders by Major Scott of the same date Capt'' Vander- 
horst Lieu*'. Lining & Gadsden for duty to morrow— 
Capt"". Theus president of the Court Lieu*. Elliott & 
Lining Members 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 13*^ 78 
General Orders — Parole — Rutledge — 
Lieu*. Martin & Lieu*. Capers 2^ Lieu*^ in Colo'. Motts 
Reg*, are appointed 1'*. Lieu*', in the same and are to be 
Respected and obeyed as such — M' John Downs as 
appointed Adjutant in Colo' Motts Reg*, and is to be 
obeyed as such— 


His Excellency the President, Returns thanks to the 
Troops for their Compliments paid him yesterday — the 
General approves of the Sentence pass,d by the Gen^ 
Court Martial of which Lieu*. Colo^ Henderson was 
prisident upon Henry Martin Burril Hill Ja'. Tho'. Tho'. 
Smith and Barth" McDonald & others that the Sentence 
of the Said Court Martial awarded against James Olliver 
John M'.Namara and James Harlock for desrtion which 
sentence are that they Suffer death by being Shot — the 
prisoners Sentenced to death are to be Removed to the 
guard House at the Barra — whare they are to have a 
Room in order to prepare for Death as the Sentence 
will be executed on Wednesday the 25*^ of this month— 
In Order that all deserters may escape the fate these 
unhappy Crimonals are to suffer; the Gene\ takes this 
opertunity of giving public notice to all such as have at 
any time deserted from any of the Regt', in this state on 
the .Continental Establishment that if they will Join 
their Respective Corps on or before ye 15*^ of July next 
they will be pardoned. Such as Continue out after that 
time may be assured that no method will not be left 
unpractised to apprehend them, that when apprehe*^ they 
Shall be tried by a General Court Martial — the Sentence 
against them Immediately put in execution, the General 
Recommends it to Such deserters as are willing to take 
advantage of this public notice by Returning to their 
duty by delivering them selves up to a Magestrate who 
will give them a pass from being taken up or interrupted 
on their way to their Respective Regt',, — 

By the Sentence of the General Court Martial Henry 
Martin of the 2^ Reg*, is Sentenced to Receive 99 lashes 
on with the Cat of 9 tails on the bare back & to be 
piquited for quarter of an hour, Burrl Hill of 
the 1'*. Reg*— allso for Desertion is Sentenced 
to Inlist for the war. Tho'. Smith allso Sentenced 
to receive 100 lashes on the bare back with the Cat of 9 


tails but if he will inlist for the war, the punishment to 
be Remitted Ja'. Thomas allso Sentenced to Receive One 
100 lashes om the bare back with the Cat of 9 tails, 
BartR McDonald of the !«*. Reg*, allso for Desertion 
Sentenced to Receive one 100 lashes on the bare back 
with the Cat of 9 tails — 

the Quarter Masters of the 1^*. 2\ 4*^ & 5^ Reg*^ are 
ordred to Call on the Deput^ Quarter Master General 
for the Camp Kettles of their respective Regt'.— 

W". Vallentine Esq', is appointed Deputy Comissary 
Gene -of the Continental Troops in this state and is to 
be Respected and obeyed as such — 
Head Quarters Charles Town March y'-14*^: 1778 
General Orders — Parole — 

The Sentance of the Last Gen\ Court Martial Respecting 
Lieu*. Perenawe is as follows, the Court having 
Matearally Weighed the whole matter & are of 
oppinion that Lieu*. Perrennaw is not Guilty & Doth 
therefore acquit him with Honour the Gen\ can not 
altogether agree In oppinion with the Court, he however 
Confirms the Sentence Discharges Lieu*. Perrennaw 
from his arrest and orders him to Join his Regiment — 
Orders by Maj Scott of the same Date Lieu*'. Weatherly 
Williams & Jackson for Duty to morrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 15*\* 1778 

General Orders Parole — Richmond — 
Cap*. Tho'. Gervas of CoF. Hugers Reg*, having Resigned 
his Commission is no Longer to be Considered as a 
Continantal officer— 

Regt\ Orders by CoF. Pinckney March 16: 1778 

A Court Martial to sit this morning for the Trial of 
all such Prisoners as may be brought before Them all 
Evidences to attend — 

orders by Major Scott of the same Date Cap*. Theus 
Lieu*'. Elliott and Lining for Duty tomorrow Cap*. 
Venherhorst President of the Court Lieu*". Weatherly 
and Frazer Members — 


Head Quarters Charles Town March 16*^: 1778 

General Orders — Parole — Devonshire — 
A Brigade Court Martial to sit tomorrow morning at 8 
oClock for the trial of Tho'. Teffidell and John Corker 
of the first Reg*, on Suspicion of being Concerned With 
the Prisoners of warr In their Attempt to Escape — 
M''. Nethaniel Bradwell & M'. James Perham are 
appointed 2*^ Lieu*', in the first Reg*, of Continantal 
Troops of this State Commanded by CoY, Cha'. Cotes- 
worth Pinckney and are to be Respected & obey'd 
accordingly — Thol Gervey Esq', is appointed Deputy 
Muster Master of this State and is to be obey'd and 
Respected accordingly 

Additional Orders by CoF. Pinckney of the Same Date 
Cap*. Theus Cap*. Drayton Lieu*' Gadsden Smith & 
Postell are to hold themselves in Readiness to Set ou*. on 
the Recruting Service — 

tomorrow being S*. Patricks day such Non Com- 
missioned officers & soldiers as are Natives to the 
kingdom of Ireland are to be Excused Duty & the 
paymaster will pay them tomorrow the pay Due to 
them — 

Orders by Major Scott March 17*^ 1778- 
Lieu*. Weatherly vice L*. Elliott Sick Lieu*'. Jackson 
Glover & Fishburn for Duty tomorrow Cap*. Turner & 
Lieu*' Williamson Members of the Brigade Court Martial 
to Day — 

Orders by Major Scott March 18*^: 1778 Lieu*'. William- 
son Skirving and Frazer for Duty tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 18*': 1778— 

Gen\ Orders — Parole — Laurance — 
after orders by Major Scott Same Date Lieu*. Weatherly 
for Guard tomorrow Lieu*. Skirving for Guard this 
Orders by Major Scott March 19*': 1778 Lieu*'. Glover 
Fishburn & Williamson for Duty toMorrow— Lieu*. 


Jackson Vice Lieu*. Williamson for the Brigade Court 
Martial — for Duty this day 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 19*': 1778— 

Gen\ Orders Parole Effingham 
Cap*. John Coldwell of the 3*^ Reg*, having Resigned his 
Commission is no Longer to be Considered as a Con- 
tinantal officer — 

The Deputy Commissary Gen\ is in futer to Issue 
Rations to the officers and Men on the Continantal 
Establishment belonging to this state In the following 


To a Brigadier General 12 Rations 

To a CoP. of a Regiment 6 Rations 

To a a Quarter master Gen^ 6 Rations 

To a Lieu*. Colonel 5 Rations 

To a Major 4 Rations 

To a Brigade Major , 4 Rations 

To a Captain 3 Rations 

To a Adjutant 3 Rations 

To a Lieu*, and Ensign 2 Ratios 

To a Quarter Master 2 Rations 

To a Surgeon 4 Rations 

To a Surgeons Mate 2 Rations 

To a Chaplain 3 Rations 

To a paymaster 3 Rations 

Serg*. Major Drum and fife Majors, Serj*'. Corp^ 
Drum"', fif ers and privates 1 Ration Each — ^to Consist of 
one Pound of Bread or Flower and 1^ & half of Beef 
or 18°'. of pork, the Deputy Commissary Gen\ is in futer 
to Issue to the Respective officers of the Gen\ Hospital 
the N". of Rations allowed by the Continantal Congress, 
with the Addition of the half Pound of Beef allowed by 
this state, the Quarter master or other person Drawing 
for any Reg*. Corps or Detachment, is In futer or on the 
Last of Every month, to make out a abstract of y' N°. 


of Rations Due to each officer & soldier Respectively 
to Deliver the Same, to the Commissary Gen^ who is to 
Compaire it to his Books & finding it Right shall Certify 
it there, on that the several Charges in the abstract are 
Just & that Such a sum as Shall be found to be Due 
Shall be paid to the Respective paymaster of the 
Reg*. Corpts or Detachment who is hereby Directed to 
pay their Respective officers & Soldiers & to take 
Receipts & when any Reg*. Corps or Detachment or 
Company is ordered to Leave their posts before the End 
of the month — ^the rations abstract are to be made up 
to the day of his or their Leaving the post and Sertified 
by the Commissary afore said — 

Regt\ Orders by CoF. Pinckney of the same date Lieu*. 
Nathaniel Bradwell is appointed a 2^ L*. In Cap*. 
Turner's Company and is to be obeyed and Respected as 
Such— Lieu*. James Parham is appointed a 2^ Lieu*, in 
Cap*. Venderhorsts Company & is to be Obeyed and 
Respected as such Before Lieu*. Parham was appointed 
L*. the officers of the Reg*., Considering the Adju- 
tant's Disadvantage in Not being able to Rise RegtMy 
agreed that on Giving up his Rank as first Lieu*, he 
Shall Rank as 2^ Lieu*. Next L*. Bradwell and Shall Rise 
to a Cap*, in the Same manner as any other L*. may do 
and the Commission was Given to Lieu*. Parham Subject 
to this agreement and all Commissions that shall be 
here after Given to 2^ V\ in the first Reg*. Shall be sub- 
ject to the Same— A Court Martial to sit this morning 
for the Trial of all Such Prisoners as Shall be brought 
before them all Witness to attend Orders by Major 
Scott March 20*': 1778 Cap*. Theus president of the 
Cour*. Lieu*'. Weatherly and L*. Frazer Members — 

Lieu*. Weatherly and L* Levacher for Duty to- 
Head Quarters Charles Town March 20*': 1778 
Gen^ Orders — Parole — Hallifax — 


the Brigad Court Martial is Disolved — ^the Gen\ Con- 
firms the Sentence upon John Corker and Orders the 
punishment to be Inflicted— 

Orders by Major Scott March 21^*: 1778— 
Cap*. Turner Lieu*'. Frazer Jackson and Parham for 
Duty tomorrow- 
Orders by Major Scott March 22' Day 1778 Cap*. 
Theus Lieu*'. Jackson Lavacher and Glover for Duty 
Orders by Major Scott March 23"': 1778 Lieu*. Fishburn 
and Lieu*. Skirving for Duty tomorr 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 23' 1778 Gen\ 
Orders Parole Beaufort W"". Massey Esq^ Deputy Mus- 
ter Master Gen\ has the Rank of a Lieu*. Colo\ in the 
Continantal Establish — 

The Deputy Commissary Gen\ is in f uter to Issue to 
Lieu*. Co\ Massey Deputy Muster Master Gen^ the Same 
Rations as are allowed to L*. CoF. of Batallion 
Orders by Major Scott March 24*^: 1778 Cap*. Vender- 
horst Lieu*'. Williamson Frazer and Parham for Duty 
tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town March 24*^: 78 

Gen\ Orders— Parole Hampstead— 
The officer of the Magazine Guard is to allow the Di- 
rector Gen\ the phisicions and Surgeons of the Hospital 
to pass their Guard in their Carriages to the hospital — 

all the Continantal Troops in Town Guards Excepted 
are to parade at 8 o'clock tomorrow morning, and to 
march to Hamstead to the place of Execution where the 
prisoners under Sentance of Death are to be Conducted 
by a Serg*. & 12 men the Sentance to be Executed 
precisely at 9 o Clock— 

The Deputy Quarter master Gen\ is to provide 3 
Coffens for the Crimonals to be Carried with the prison- 
ers—one Serg*. & 2 men from the Granadier Company 


and 2 men from the Ligh*. Inf entry Company & one 
from the other Companies of the first Regiment are to 
be appointed by Lots to be Drawn to Execute the pris- 

The Reverand M^ Purcell is Immediately to attend the 
prisoners under Sentanee of Death— 
Head Quarters Charles Town March 25*^ 1778— 
General Orders Parole^S*. Joseph 
Orders by Major Scott of the same date Lieu*. Weather- 
ly & Lieu*. Jackson for Duty Tomorrow- 
Orders by Major Scott March 26*': 1778 Lieu*^. Pos- 
tell Glover and Fishburn for Guard tomorrow- 
Head Quarters Charles Town march 26*': 78 
General Orders Parole — Chister— 
The Detachment from CoF. Thomsons Reg*, now in 
Town are to hold themselves In readiness to Return to 
their Cap as they will be Relieved in a few days — 
Lieu*. James Cantay of the Same Reg*. Having Resignd 
his Commission is no Longer to to be Considered as a 
Continantal officer— 
Orders by Major Scott March 27*': 1778 
Captain Turner Lieu*'. Skirving and Frazer for Duty 
tomorrow — 
Head Quarters Charles Town March 27*' 1778— 

Orders by Major Scott March 28: 1778 Cap*. Theus 
Lieu*'. Williamson & Jackson for Duty Tomorrow- 
Reg*'. Orders by CoP. Pinckney 29*' march 1778 a 
monthly Return of Each Com^. to be made out and De- 
livered to the Adj*. tomorrow morning — 
Corp\ John Elliott of Captain Joors Com^. is appointed 
a Serj*. in the Same Company and is to be obey'd as 
Orders by Major Scott March same date Lieu*. Lavacher 
Lieu*. Postell and L*. Glover for Duty tomorrow- 
Head Quarters Charles Town march 29'': 78 
General Orders Parole— Gates — 


Orders by Major Scott March 30*^: 1778 Cap*. Saunders 
Lieu*'. Fishburn & Skirving for Duty tomorrow— 

A Court Martial to Sit this morning for the trial of 
all Such prisoners as may be brought before them all 
Evidences to attend Cap*. Venderhorst President of the 
Court Lieu*'. Fishburn and Skirving members— 
Head Quarters Charles Town march 30*^: 78 
General Orders Parole — Miflin — 
Orders by Major Scott March 3r*: 1778 Cap*. Pinckney 
Vice Cap*. Saunders for Guard to Day Cap*. Saunders 
Cap*. Cattell L*. Jackson and L*. Lavacher for Duty to 
morrow — A Court Martial to sit this Day for the Trial 
of all Such prisoners as Shall be Brought before them 
all Witness to attend 

Cap*. Turner president of the Court Lieu*'. Lavacher 
and Postell members— 
Head Quarters Charles Town March 31^*: 78 
General Orders Parole — Arnold — 
Regt\ orders by CoP. Pinckney April 1'*: 78 
The Captains & Commanders of Companies Beside the 
men on furlough may Recommend to the CoP. a man 
from Each Company to Work in Town— Companies of 
45 men 2 & 3 men are to Sleep in Barracks & attend 
Roll Calling morning & Night, should any officer be so 
unmindfull as to Sleep on Guard he will Ceartainly be 
Laid under an arrest and be tried by a Cour*. Martial for 
his offence— a Return to be made out by the Command- 
ing officer of Each Company of the Names of the men 
who have at any time Deserted Since the first Raising 
of the Reg*, the time when they Deserted are to be 
Specified & the time when any of them Returned that 
it may be known exactly how long Each have Been 
absent — 

also a Return to be made of the time each man has 
Overstaid his furlough this return to be Given in on 
Next friday morning— 


Orders by Major Scott of the Same date Cap*. Vender- 
horst Lieu*, postell L*. Glover & L\ Fishburn for Duty 
tomorrow, Cap*. Theus for the Brigade Court Martial 
tomorrow — 
Lieu*. Parham for the Prichards Guard this Day — 

Head Quarters Charles Town April 1'*: 78 

General Orders Parole— Lowndes — 

A Garison Court martial to sit tomorrow for the trial 
of William Lacey, Paul Gerrenson, & Tho'. Marthley of 
the 5*^ Reg*. Daniel Jurden of the2^ Reg*.— John Dukes 
of the 6*^ Reg*, & Anthoney Preston of the 1^*. Reg*. 
Charged by Serj*. Simpson with haveing transgress,d the 
Rules & Orders of the Gene\ Hospitle all Evidences to 
attend— President of the Court Martial Capt^ Tailor 1 
Capt^ of the 1^*. 1 Capt^ & 1 Subaltern of of the 3^ & 1 
Subaltern of the 6 Reg*. — 

Orders by Major Scott April 2\ 78— Lieu*', Skirving 
Fraser & Bradwell for duty to Morrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town April 2\ 78 — 
General Orders Parole, Pownal — 
the General Orders, that all Captains & Subalterns who 
have leave of absence who will comply with the former 
Order of Gene^ Howe to leave in writing to the Brigade 
Major a note of the time they are allow,d and whare 
they are to be found — 

Head Quarters Charles Town April 3^ 78— 

Gene\ Orders Parole York Town — 
Nicholas Eveleigh Esq'', is appointed by the Honoura^ 
Continental Congress Deputy Adjutant General in the 
Continental Service with the Rank of Colo^ — for the 
States of South Carolina & Georgie & is to be Respected 
and obeyed as such — Henry Purcell Esq"" is allso ap- 
pointed Deput^ Judge advocate for the States of South 
Carolina & Georgi with the Rank of L*. Colo - and is 
therefore to be Respected and obeyed according^- Far- 


dinand Debram Esq''- is allso appointed Injonnear with 
the Rank of Major & is to be obeyed as such- 
Resolv,d of the Hononourable Continental Congress held 
at York Town — Resolv,d that the Commander in Chief 
or Commander of department Shall have full power and 
authority to suspend or limit the power of granting 
Furloughs or leave of absence & to Reserve it holy to 
him self or impart it to such Officer or Officers under 
him as he thinks fit- according as he shall Juge the good 
of the Service Requires and that no Officer under Culler 
or pretence of authority to him granted by the 2*^ article 
of the 4*^ Section or any other articles in the rules & 
articles of war presume to grant any Furlough or leave 
of absence Contrary to th Orders of the Commander 
in-Chief or a Commander of a department on pain of 
being punish,d for disobedience — Signd Charles Thomp- 
son — 

Regt\ Orders by Colo^ Pinckney of the same date 
Lieu*. Weatherly & Lieu*. Jackson are to hold them 
Selves in Readiness to set out on the Recruiting Service 
— A Court of inquiry to sit at 10 oClock to morrow to 
determine the matter in dispute betwen the Drum Major 
& Nicholas Guin — 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same date Capt- Turner 
Lieu*'. Lining Williamson & Leavecher for duty to 

Capt"". Saunders president of the Court of Inquiry Lieu*. 
Postell & Lieu*. Glover members — 
Head Quarters Charles Town April 4*\ 78— 
General Orders Parole Virginia — 
Orders by Major Scott of the Same date — Capt"". Theus 
Lieu*'. Postell Fishburn & Glover for duty to morrow 
Head Quarters Charles Town April 5*^ 78- 

General Orders Parole Maryland — 

a Garrison Court Martial to Sit to morrow morning at 
10 oClock for the trial of Daniel Jurdin of the 2\ Reg*, 


The'. Marthley of the 5*^. Reg*, for Scaleingthe the fences, 
of the General Hospitle contrary to Orders by informa- 
tion of Serj*. Simpson all Evidences to attend Capf". 
Felix warly to be president 1 Sub — of the V\ Reg*. 2 
Subs of the 6*' & 1 Sub of the 3 Reg*, to be members- 
Orders by Major Scott of the Same date Lieu*. Skirving 
& Lieu*. Fraser for duty to morrow — 
Orders by Major Scott April 6*"^ 78— 
Lieu*. Lining for the Brigade Court Martial this day 
Capf" Saunders Capt''. Ladson Lieu*. Bradwell Lieu*. Lin- 
ing, & Lieu*. Williamson for duty tomorrow- 
Head Quarters Charles Town April 6*\ 78— 
General Orders Parole Bennington — 
Ordred that no Officer leave his guard on any pretence 
what ever unless he be taken Sick in which case he is to 
send to the Brigade Major who will Releave Immedi- 
Regt\ Orders by Colo'. Pinckney April 7*^ .78— 
Such men as have permission to work in Town are 
notwithstanding to turn out with the Reg.* on Field 

the long Roll is to beat at 6 oClock every morning till 
further orders — 

Orders by Major Scott of the same date Lieu*. Leava- 
cher Lieu*. Postell & Lieu*. Glover for duty to morrow — 
Head Quarters Charles Town Apr'. 7*\ .78 
General Orders Parole, Boston 
Regt'. orders by Col'. Pinckney April 8*^": 78 
the officers are perticularly Desired when they meet 
any soldiers of this Reg*, in town to Inquire for his pass, 
& if he has none Immediately to Confine him. Com- 
plaints having Been made to the Col', and some very 
hedious & Disorderly behaviour Committed by the Sol- 
diers up the path, the soldiers are hereby absolutely 
forbid to go up the path without Leave in Writing from 
an officer of this Reg*. 


Orders from Major Scott of the Same Date Cap*. 
Turner & Cap*. Theus, L*. Fishburn L*. Skirving & 
Frazer for Duty tomorrow — 

Head Quarters Charles Town April 8^ 1778 

General Orders Parole — Connecticut — 

all officers of the Continental Troops Who have Not 
taken the oath of Ellegeons to the united States of 
Americe, and Abjuration to George the 3*^ King of 
Great Britain, are ordered to attend at head Quarters 
from 9 to 11 oClock in the Morning to take the same, 
the Gen\ does not Intend at present to alter the method 
of Giving furloughs 

Orders by Major Scott April y' 9*^: 1778— 

Lieu*'. Bradwell Parham & Lining for Duty Tomor- 
row — 

Head Quarters Charles April 9*\- 1778— 

General Orders, Parole — Hutaw — 

Regt\ Orders by CoP. Pinckney April lO*'': 78 
A Court Martial to Set this morning for the Trial of all 
Such Prisoners as may be brought Before them all Evi- 
dences to attend — 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date Cap*. Saun- 
ders Cap*. Ladson and Lieu*'. Postell & Glover for Duty 
tomorrow Cap*. Ladson President of the Court Lieu*. 
Fishburn and Lieu*. Skirving Members — 
Head Quarters Charles Town Ap\ 10*' Day 1778 
General Orders Parole — Georgia — 
The Detachment Now in Town from Colonel Thomsons 
Reg*. Consisting of one Field officer 3 Cap*'. 6 Lieu*'. 6 
Serj*'. Drums & fifes and 150 Rank & file 1 Cap*. 2 
Subalterns 2 Serj*'. 1 Drum & fife & 50 Rank & file 
from CoP. Sumpters Reg*, are to hold themselves in 
Readiness to March at a Moments Notice this Detachm*. 
to be provided with 100 Rounds per man & six Spare 


The deputy Quarter Master Gen^ is to furnish 3 Wag- 
gons for the Detachment with an Ammunition Chest for 
the Cartridges — 

All officers now out on the Recruiting Service are to 
be Caird in & no more afterwards to be sent on that 
Duty till further orders — 

all officers Noncommissioned officers & Soldiers That 
are out upon furloughs are Immediately to be CalFd to 
Join their Respective Corps & no more furloughs to be 
Given for a longer time than 24 hours till further 
orders — 

The Commanding officers of the Different Corps of 
this State are to take perticular care to have all their 
arms & accoutrements in Good Order & that they have 
100 Rounds of Cartridges per man Ready & to apply to 
the Deputy Quarter Master Gen\ to furnish them with 
proper ammunition Chests & the Number each Corps 
may have Occasion for — 

The director of the General Hospital is to order a Sur- 
geon with a proper assortment of Instruments & Medi- 
sons to attend the above Detachment — 

Regt\ Orders by Colonel Pinckney 11*^ April 1778 
The Neglect of Duty which is occasioned by the officers 
Quiting the Barracks before orderly Time in the Morn- 
ing Contrary to many positive orders which has Been 
Issued to The Contrary Obliges the CoP. to Give this 
Notice that any officer who shall in f uter Quit Barracks 
before orderly time in the Morning Shall Certainly be 
Laid under an Arrest — Orderly Time is 9 oClock in y' 
morning for the Trial of all Such prisoners as Shall be 
Brought Before them all Witness to attend — 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date Captain 
Ladson & Cap*. Saunders Lieu*'. Fishburne Skirving and 
Frazer for Duty Tomorrow — 

Cap*. Theus President of the Court Lieu*'. W'.son Fish- 
burn Lining & Bradwell Member— 


Head Quarters Charles Town April 11*^: 1778 
General Orders — Parole, Sunbury — 
Head Quarters Charles Town April 12*': 1778 
Gen\ Orders — Parole Haltamahaw 
Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date Captain 
Turner & Cap*. Theus Lieu*'. Lavacher Postell and 
Glover for Duty Tomorrow — 

Lieu*. Williamson for Duty this Day vice L*. Bradwell 
Head Quarters Charles Town April IS*'^: 78 
General Orders — Parole, Augustow 
Regt\ Orders by CoF. Pinckney April 14*\ 78 
a Court Martial to sit this morning for the trial of all 
Such Prisoners as may be brought before them all Wit- 
ness to attend This Court is Directed to Inquire Into 
the Dispute between Serjeant Stafford and Jeremiah 
Mecarty — 

A return to be made out tomorrow morning by the 
Commanding officers of Companies of all The arms 
Now actually In their possession The officer of the 
Barrack Guard is once a Day to Visit the Magazine at 
Harltones point and is to see that everything Belonging 
to it is in good order The suffering the Iron Rod to be 
twice Taken away from this makes this Duty particu- 
larly Necessary. 

14*'\ Orders by major Scott of the Same Date Lieu*'. 
Fishburn Skriving & Fraser for duty tomorrow 
Head Quarters Charles Town April U'\ 1778— , 
General Orders — Parole, Ninety Six — 
Orders by Major Scott April 15*\ 1778 
Lieu*'. Parham Williamson & Lining for Duty to- 
morrow—Lieu*. Lavacher for Prichards Guard this 

Regt\ Orders by Colonel Pinckney April 15*\ 1778 the 
Cor. is very Sorry the Great Inattention of many of the 


officers to appearance and Dress of the men he therefore 
positively Insists that they pay great Attention to this 
Necessary part of their duty and see that their men 
provid Buff Balls to Clean Their waist Coats & 
Breeches with & that they appear with them Clean 
that they do likewise see That the Barbers does their 
Duty in powdering The mens hair, that the Barbers 
may have no Excuse for Neglect of Duty — 

The CoF. perticularly desires that the officers of each 
Com^. whose duty it is to attend the pay master on pay 
Days to see that proper Stoppages be made in mens pay 
for the payment of the Barbers & that they are 
Actually paid— 
Head Quarters Town April 15^': 1778- 
General Orders Parole— Haebersham 
Regt^ Orders by CoW Pinckney April 16*^ Day 1778 
a Return of what Froggs & belts is wanting in each 
Company to be made tomorrow morning- 
Corporal William Rozar of the First Reg*. Light In- 
fantry is appointed a Serj'. in the S^ Company and is to 
be obey'd as Such — 

Orders by Major Scott of the Same Date Cap*. Saun- 
ders & Cap*. Hyrn Lieu*'. Postell & Glover for Duty 
Head Quarters Charles Town April 16*'. 1778 
General Orders Parole Silver Bluff 


[The following papers, loaned to the Society by Mr. 
Clarence Blair Mitchell, of New York City, a member, 
for publication in the Magazine, give the history of the 
formation and modus operandi of a club organized in 
St. George's Parish, Dorchester, just after the Revolu- 
tion. In many sections of South Carolina similar clubs 
were organized during the first and the five or six suc- 
ceeding decades after the Revolution — all evidences of 
the broad culture and wealth of the people of South 


We the Subscribers do agree to form ourselves into a 
Jockey Club for the encouragement of a good breed of 
Horses in this State (Jan^^. 7^ 1786) 

Laurence Sanders 
Rich*. Wainwright 
Benj\ L Perry 
Joseph Waring 
Dav^ Oliphant 
Morton Waring 
Ralph Izard 
Walter Izard 
Arth^ Middleton* 
Tho\ Waring Sen^ 
W"- Moultrie Jun^ 
Jn''. Postell So. T. 
W". R- Davis 
Jn°. Mayrant 
Nath^ Farr 
Tho^ Gadsden 
John Vanderhorst 

John Glaze 
Tho^ Waring 
Arch'. Saltus 
W". Russel 
Benj% Waring 
Dan\ Stewart 
Peter Waring 
Benj^ Stead 
Isa Walter 
Jn^ Smith Waring* 
W"'. Fishborne 
Peter Smith 
Wade Hampton 
Jn^ Mathews 
W". Postell 
Abr"". Ladson 
Geo: Evans 

"Scratched out. 


Tho^ Smith Joseph Slann 

W". Blake Benj% Singelton 


The following Rules & regulations agreed to be observed 

1' - Each Member to pay two Guineas into the hands of 
the Treasurer on or before the day of racing in 
every Year by the hour of Eleven in the Morning 
& in case of default to pay double — 

2^- The Annual meeting of the Club to be held at the 
most convenient public House in or near Dorchester 
on the Monday preceeding the Races in every Year 
when the Officers for the follow^ Year are to be 
chosen & such other Rules & regulations as may be 
thought proper are to be made, if not less than 
Eleven Members are present, 

3*^- Every Person who may apply to be admitted a 
Member of this Club shall be ballotted for at any 
meeting of the S^ George's Hunting Club on the 
first Saturday in any Month, provided there are not 
less than Eleven Members of this Club present, the 
majority of Votes to determine the election — 

4*''- Any Person desirous to withdraw his Name as a 
Member of this Club, may be permitted to do so on 
paying to the Treasurer at the Annual meeting Two 
Guineas for the Purse on the following Year- 

5. No Horse to start for unless the Rider is dressed in 
a riding Waistcoat, Leather Breeches, Leather Boots, 
or half Boots & a Jockey Cap of Silk or Velvet, and 
at the first Annual Meeting the Members are to 
make choice of their different dresses & make the 
same known to the Clerk & Stewarts, but if two 
Members shou'd fix on the same dress then the 
choice to be determined by ballot- 

^This is not the original paper bearing the autograph signatures, 
which accounts for the improper spelling of several names and the 
omission of Lawson's first name. 


Rule 6*^. Any Horse carrying over his weight the same 
shall be publicly declared by the Stewarts before 
starting the Horses- 

rjth_ fpj^g Members are to dine together at every annual 
meeting & the expence paid by the Treasurer out 
of any Monies in his hands belonging to the Club, 
& The Members are also to dine together on the 
first day of the Races at their own expenses, but 
such as may be absent are only to pay a proportion 
of the dinner & not for Liquors- No Person to dine 
with the Club but a Member, unless they belong 
to a different State & introduced by a Member- 

8^^. The Stewarts are always to provide the dinners, & 
procure a set of the Racing Calender, which shall 
be produced by the Clerk at every Annual Meeting 
& Days of Racing, but never to be lent out- 

9*^. Such Horses as are to run must be entered with the 
Clerk & Stewarts on the Monday preceeding the 
Races, & producing at the same time an attested 
Certificate from under the hands of the Breeder, 
unless the age can be properly vouched for by a 
Member of the Club- 

10*^- None but a Member to be allowed to enter a Horse, 
and should that not be his own property, he must 
receive the whole benefit of the Purse shou'd he 
win it & declare that no other person is to receive 
any part thereof- 

Rule 11"\ Any Person withdrawing his Name .& after- 
wards becoming a Member, he shall at same time 
pay up all his arrears of the Annual Subscription- 

R. 12*^ The Races to commence on the second Thursday 
in December of every Year over the nearest Course 
to Dorchester & no Horses to be allowed to run in 


13*^ If the Money Subscribed shou'd not be sufficient to 
divide into two Purses, the Horses shall then run 
two Mile Heats, but if the sum be sufficient for two 
Purses, the same shall be devided as the Members 
shall determine at their Annual meeting, & the first 
Purse shall be three Mile Heats, the second Purse 
two Mile Heats only free for Colts under Six Years 
old carrying w*. as f ollows- 

Aged Ten Stone 140- 

6 y"- old Nine Stone ten pounds 136- 

5 y' - old Nine Stone two pounds 128- 

4 y'' - old Eight stone four pounds 116- 

3 y""'- old seven stone four pounds 102 

2 y"- old Six stone 84 

Mares & fillys to be allowed three pounds 
Dav"^. Oliphant, Jn". Glaze & B. Waring Stewarts 
Tho'. Waring Treasurer- 
Laurence Sanders Clerk — for the present Year — ^ 


List of the Members of S*. George's Club 

No- 1—p*— Ralph Izard Jun'- 

2— p'— Capt"- B"- Waring- 

3— p'^— Jn^ Glaze 

4 — p^— Walter Izard 

5— p*^ — Laurence Sanders 

6— P*— Jos: Waring— 

7— P'^— Jn^ Waring Jun""- 

S-p'^-W^- Postell 

9— p'— Doct^- Oliphant 
10-p^-W°^- Blake 

^There is among the papers loaned by Mr. Mitchell another copy of 
these rules and regulations, on a separate sheet of paper, dated * 'April 
6th.. 1786", and endorsed ''Rules S*- Georges parish Club". 


11— p**— Peter Waring— 
12— P*— Morton Waring 
13— p'^— Dan. Stewart 

14— P^— John loor 

15— p^— Benj: Stead 
16-P'-Tho^- Waring Jun^- 

New Members-17 ^Alex'"- Keith 

18— P'— Rich'- Weinwright- 

19 P'—Doct^- Perry— 

20 P'— Abr°^- Ladson 

21 P'^-W"- Moultrie 
22— P'-ArchbP- Salters 

23 P'-Tho^- Smith 

24 P'— Math^: Hutchinson 
25-Arh^ Middleton- 
26— Geo: Evans 

27— Tho^ Waring Sen''- 

28.— John Mathews— 

29. Isaac Walter- 
Rules & regulations to be observed by the Members of 
S*. George's Club— Viz'- 

Slann's old F'- May 27-1784^ 
1 — Club to be on the first Saturday of every Month — 

2 No Person to be admitted a Member of this Club 

unless he has the Votes of two thirds of the Mem- 
bers present, to be proposed one Club day & Bal- 
lotted for the Next— 
3— Any member neglecting to fine in his turn on hav- 
ing three days Notice shall pay the expenses of 
the Members present at a Tavern, provided such 
expences does not exceed three Dollars for each — 
It was proposed & agreed that Mess''. Ralph Izard, 

^These are evidently the rules and regulations of the hunting club 
mentioned in Rule 3. of the racing club above. 


Dan: Stewart & Jn°. Glaze be and they are hereby ap- 
pointed & required to fix on a spot for a Club House & 
that such place as they may think proper to appoint 
shall be Binding on this Club — 

Articles for the use of the Club — 

1 doz Pewter dishes of different Sizes 
3 doz. d°- Shallow plates 

6 Setts Knives & forks, 1 dz pewter spoons 

2 Large Oznab'- table Cloths 
6 Oznab^- Towels 

1 doz Glass Tumblers 

2 doz Wine Glasses 
1 Large Trunk— 

To be furnished on each Club day 

a Barb*- Lamb or Shoat as the Season may suit 

1 Round of Beef or Beef Stakes 

1 Ham, 1 Turkey, 6 Fowls 

1 Loaf Sugar, Bread, Rice 

1 doz Wine, 3 Gair. Rum, 100 Limes 

J Gall'^- Brandy 

Pipes & Tobacco or 100 Segars 


Members of the Club of S*- George's 
M''. R. Izard the first Saturday in June, found. 
M'. Benj°. Waring the first Saturday in July, found 
M^ Keith the first Saturday in August, found 
M'. Weinwright the first Saturday in Septemb'- found 
Doct'.. Perry the first Saturday in October, found 
M'. Tho'. Smith the first Saturday in November, found 
M". Moultrie the first Saturday in December, found 
M'. Salters the first Saturday in January, found 
M". Ladson the first Saturday in February, found 
M". M. Hutchinson the first Saturd^- in March, found 


M^ Middleton the first Saturday in April f •'- 
M^ Geo: Evans the first Saturday in May. f*- 
M^ Tho^ Waring Town first Saturd^- in June f '- 
M'. John Mathews, first Saturday in July f ''- 
M". Isaac Walter, first Saturd^- in August p*^- 
M"". Tho^ Gadsden first Saturday in Septemb'- 

List of the Members of the Club of S*- Georges who has 
paid up their Arrears due to the Club & House 

2 Dolls 3 Dolls 

M'^: Ralph Izard P' Paid- 
Cap*: B- Waring P' P'- 

M^ John Glaze P' P'- 

M^ Walter Izard P' P'- 

Laurence Sanders P**- 

M.': Joseph Waring P*"- 

M^ John Waring Jun^ P'- 

M^ W°^-Postell F P'- 

Doct'^: Oliphant P' P'- 

M^ W" Blake P'- 

M^. Peter Waring P'- 

M''. Morton Waring P'- 

M^ Dan^- Stewart P' P'- 

M^ John loor P' P'- 

M^ Benj"^- Stead P*^ P'- 

Tho^ Waring Jun^ P'- 

Rich*'- Weenwright P'- 

Doct^. Perry P*^ P'- 

Abra": Ladson P'- 

W™. Moultrie P'- 

Arch^- Salters P': d" 1 DolP P^- 

Tho\ Smith F P^- 

Math\. Hutchinson P' P*- 

John Mathews F P'- 

Tho« Waring town P' P'- 


-^ ^^^ ..C-*.x:- 



X ^^'i./i 

/ 4 ^^ / t/-y/ 

/ -,-t 


Original in the office of the Historical Commission of South Carolina. 

By B. F. Taylor. 

John Taylor moved from Virginia to South Carolina 
about 1749, bringing with him a family of small chil- 
dren. The first record of his presence now available is 
found in the office of Secretary of State of South Car- 
olina and is as follows: 

South Carolina. Pursuant to a precept directed under the hand 
and seal of Geo Hunter Esqr., Sur. Gen'l., dated the 3'^'^ day of August 
1749, I have measured and laid out unto John Taylor a tract of land 
containing One Hundred Acres Situate lying and being on the North 
side of a Branch of the Santee called Broad River. Butting and 
Bounding to the South West on Said River and on all other sides on 
Vacant Land and hath such shape form and marks as appear by the 
above plat 

Given under my hand this 3'^'*: of May 1750 

John Fairchild, 
Dep. Sur. 

He settled about ten miles from the present site of 
Columbia on the same side of the Congaree River and 
brought up his family there. He had the following chil- 
dren known to the compiler by records available now: 

1 I. Thomas Taylor, 6. Sept. 10, 1743; m., Jan. 2, 

1767, Ann Wyche (6. June 4, 1749; d. July 27, 
1834); d. Nov. 16, 1833. 

2 n. James Taylor, m., April 5, 1768, Mary Hirons, 

who dying April 21, 1772, he m., Dec. 2, 1772, 
Sarah Daniell (d Dec. 6, 1793). 

3 HI. John Taylor, married Sarah Hirons (6. 1746). 

4 IV. Mary Taylor, m. Hay; who dying she 

m. Thomas Heath; d, about 1807. 

5 V. Martha Taylor, m, Maj. Center, who 

dying she m. Capt. Geo. Wade. 



Thomas Taylor [John'], born in Amelia County, Vir- 
ginia, September 10, 1743; member of Provincial Con- 
gress, 1775; colonel of militia under General Sumter; 
wounded at Fishing Creek; senator for district between 
Broad and Catawba Rivers in Jacksonborough Assem- 
bly; member of convention which adopted the constitu- 
tion of the United States; and from time to time a mem- 
ber of the State Legislature. He and his brother James 
owned the lands on which the city of Columbia was 
built and he was one of the commissioners elected by the 
Legislature for laying out the capital city. 

He married Ann Wyche, daughter of Peter and Alice 
(Scott) Wyche*, of Brunswick County, Va., January 2, 
1767. He died November 16, 1833, from effects of a 
broken thigh. 


6 L Sarah Taylor, 6. Oct. 2, 1767; m. James Hunt. 

7 n. John Taylor, 6. May 4, 1770; m., March 17, 

1793, Sarah Cantey Chesnut; d. April 16, 1832. 

8 HI Rebecca Taylor, b. Aug. 23, 1773; d, unm. 

March 28, 1793. 

9 IV. William Taylor, b. April 14, 1776; m.. May 6, 

1813, Mary Euphemia Ross; d Nov. 10, 1825. 

10 V. Lucy Taylor, b. April 19, 1778. 

11 VI. Thomas Taylor, b. Aug. 29, 1779; m., June 25, 

1800, Mary Taylor (6. June 1, 1779; d, Sept. 
15, 1846); d. Nov. 13, 1874. 

12 VII. Anne Taylor, 6. May 26, 1782. 

13 VIII. Henry Pendleton Taylor, b, Sept. 16, 1784; 

m., May 14, 1818, Anne Timothy Trezevant 

*See William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. XIV, No. 1., pages 61 and 
62. Author states that Drury Wyche married a sister of Col. Thos. 
Taylor, whereas the fact is Col. Taylor married a sister of Drury 


O- Co 







(See Vol. III. of this magazine, p. 49); d. 
April 8, 1832. 

14 IX. James Taylor, 6. Jan. 20, 1787; d. Nov. 22, 


15 X. Jesse Peter Taylor, h. April 30, 1789; m. Ro- 

sanna C. Theus; d, 1852. 

16 XI. Benjamin Franklin Taylor, 6. July 10, 1791; 

m., Sept. 25, 1823, Sally Webb Coles (6. in 
1800; d in 1887); d. May 12, 1852. 

17 XII. George Taylor, b. Jan. 14, 1795; d Sept. 25, 



James Taylor [John^, took the oath of allegiance to 
Great Britain after the fall of Charles Town in 1780, but 
was induced soon after to again take up arms against 
the British in South Carolina. On one occasion he was 
captured and tried on the charge of violating his oath of 
allegiance but was acquitted on the evidence of a man 
named Friday, who swore falsely in order to save him. 
He was Captain and Deputy Commissary General of 
South Carolina under William Hort, Commissary Gen- 
eral. He married, first, Mary Hirons, April 5, 1768, who 
dying, April 21, 1772, he married, second, Sarah Daniell, 
December 2, 1772. He died about 1807.* 

Issue: First wife. 

18 I. Grace Taylor, 6. June 12, 1769; d, Sept. 12, 


19 II. Sarah Taylor, b, June 21, 1771; m., Feb. 2, 

1786, John Goodwyn; d, Sept. 19, 1821. 

Second wife. 

20 III. Jesse Taylor, 6. Oct. 2, 1774; d in fall of 1802. 

21 IV. James Taylor, 6. Feb. 2, 1777; d April 23,1803. 

* Administration of estate of James Taylor, Sr., otherwise known as 
Capt. James Taylor, by John Taylor, Jan. 23, 1807. Bondsmen: John 
Tayjor, Thomas Taylor, Jr. , and John Goodwyn. (Probate Court rec- 
ords, Richland County.) 


22 V. Mary Taylor, &. June 1, 1779; m., June 25, 

1800, Thomas Taylor (6. Aug. 29, 1779; d. 
Nov. 13, 1874); d. Sept. 15, 1846. 

23 VI. Patience Taylor, 6. Jan. 18, 1784; m. Jesse 

Howell; d. April 12, 1811. 

24 VII. Sarah Taylor, 6. Nov. 15, 1793; d in 1794. 


John Taylor [John^], is said to have been wounded 
during the Revolution and to have died of small-pox 
during the war. He married Sarah Hirons, sister of 
the wife of his brother James Taylor. 


25 I. Simon Taylor, married, first, Mary Tallman 

and, second, Eliza M. Henderson; d. in 1821. 

26 II. John Taylor, m, Mary Wyche. 

27 III. Mary H. Taylor, 6. Sept. 22, 1777; m. Robert 

H. Waring (6. 1768; d June 21, 1832); d. 
Dec. 16, 1818. 

28 IV. William Taylor, 6. Sept. 30, 1779; m., June 1, 

1804, Elizabeth Calvert (6. Feb. 5, 1782; d, 
Apr. 30, 1850); d Oct. 23, 1857. 

John Taylor [Thomas', John'], born May 4, 1770; 
divided first honor at Princeton with Wm. Johnson in 
1790, his previous education having been gotten at Mount 
Zion Institute, Winnsboro. He was admitted to the bar 
June 1, 1793; commissioned solicitor December 2, 1805; 
Member of Congress, 1807-1810; United States Sena- 
tor December 19, 1810; and was Governor of South 
Carolina, 1826-1828. In addition to this he was some- 
time a member of the Legislature and State Senator, a 
trustee of the South Carolina College, a director of the 
Theological Seminary and the first intendant of Co- 

HON. JOHN TAYLOR (1770-1832). 

From an original portrait by Scarborough in possession of 
Mr. John Taylor, of Columbia. 


He married at Camden Sarah Cantey Chesnut, daugh- 
ter of Col. John Chesnut, March 17, 1793. 


29 I. James Hunt Taylor, b. July 5, 1794; m. Eliza- 

beth Witten*; d. 

30 n. John Chesnut Taylor, b, Jan. 18, 1796; d 

April 10, 1797. 

31 HI. Thomas Taylor, 6. Feb. 10, 1797; d. 

32 IV. Rebecca Ann Taylor, 6, Aug. 21, 1798; m. 

John G. Brown. 

33 V. John Chesnut Taylor, b. Dec. 26, 1799; m. 

Jane Wallace. 

34 VI. Franklin Cantey Taylor, b. June 7, 1801; d. 

Sept. 16, 1802. 

35 VII. Harriet Chesnut Taylor, b. March 16, 1803; 

m. Frankhn H. Elmore; d in 1865. 

36 VIII. William Henry Taylor, 6. Aug. 12, 1804; d 

Aug. 24, 1805. 

37 IX. William Jesse Taylor, m., first, Alexina Jessie 

Muir, and,second, Mrs. Agnes Wallace Barton. 

38 X. Sarah Cantey Taylor, m. Albert M. Rhett. 

39 XL George Taylor. 

40 XII. Alexander Ross Taylor, 6. June 8, 1812; m., 

May 18, 1837, Sarah Martha Hayne, who 

dying he next m. Kinsler; d Dec. 30, 


41 XIII. A child, d in infancy. 

42 XIV. A child, d in infancy. 

43 XV. A child, d. in infancy. 

44 XVI. A child, d in infancy. 

♦Marriage settlement between James H. Taylor and Sarah Hails 
Feb. 1, 1832. Marriage soon to be consummated. (Miscellaneous 
Records, office of Hist. Com. of S. C.) 


William Taylor [Thomas^ John^, was a resident of 
Lexington District, S. C. He had the misfortune of 
kilHng a man in defence of his home, but on being tried 
was acquitted. He was born April 14, 1776. He mar- 
ried Mary Euphemia Ross, May 6, 1813, and died No- 
vember 10, 1825. 


45 I. Thomas B. Taylor, h. May 7, 1814; m., in 1837, 

Harriet Raoul; d Aug. 21, 1883. 

46 H. Frances Taylor, h. March 13, 1816; m., in 

1834, Robert Charles, who dying she m., in 
1851, Washington Taylor. 

47 HI. Wilham Taylor, 6. Sept. 27, 1818; d Aug. 23, 


48 IV. Edwin Brown Taylor, 6. April 8, 1821; d No- 

vember 14, 1824. 


Thomas Taylor [Thomas^ John'], born August 29, 
1779; was a successful planter and his residence was 
where the Benedict Institute now is at Columbia, S<. C. 
After his children grew up most of them moved west 
and when an old man he lived with his daughter, Mrs. 
Marshall at Shreveport, La. To the very end of his life 
he was a student of Shakespeare and his mind was in no 
way affected by his extreme age. He married Mary 
Taylor, the daughter of his uncle James Taylor, June 
25, 1800. He died in Shreveport, La., November 13, 


49 I. William Henry Taylor, 6. June 1, 1801; m., 

Dec. 6, 1827, Mary Hails. 

50 II. Sarah Ann Taylor, 6. March 25, 1803; d Aug. 

12, 1819. 


From an original portrait by Scarborough in possession 
of Miss Mary Furman, of Shreveport, La. 


51 III. Mary Taylor, b. Dec. 14, 1807; d. May 28, 1807. 

52 IV. Maria Harriet Taylor, 6. Oct. 27, 1807; m., 

May 16, 1832, Henry Marshall; d. in 1855. 

53 V. Thomas Franklin Taylor, b. Dec. 24, 1809; d. 

Aug. 25, 1829. 

54 VI. James Madison Taylor, 6. July 1, 1812; m. 

Charlotte L. Boykin {d. 1904); d, in 1845. 

55 VII. George Washington Taylor, 6. May 27, 1814; 

m., first, Emily Anderson, and, second, 1851, 
Mrs. Fannie Taylor Charles (6. March 13, 
1816); d. 1889. 

56 VIII. Joseph Daniel Taylor, b, Feb. 28, 1816; d. 

Aug. 10, 1817. 

57 IX. John Taylor, b. Nov. 18, 1817; d. Oct. 18, 1820. 

58 X. Julius Septimus Taylor, b. July 8, 1820; d 

Aug. 10, 1821. 

59 XL Edward Fisher Taylor, 6. Feb. 14, 1822; m., 

Nov. 8, 1842, Ann Trezevant; d. in 1855. 


Henry Pendleton Taylor [Thomas', John'], born 
September 16, 1784; was captain in the 18th Infantry in 
the War of 1812. He was commonly known as Major 
Henry Taylor as his brother was known as Major Thomas 
Taylor, but the compiler can give no authority for the 
titles. He married Ann Timothy Trezevant, May 14, 
1818, and died at Columbia, S. C, April 8, 1832. 


60 I. Martha Ann Taylor, b. May 26, 1821 ; m., June 

23, 1840, David Saylor Yates; d Oct. 27, 1902. 

61 II. Elizabeth Willoughby Taylor, m. Dr. Alexan- 

der Moore. 

62 III. Caroline Claudia Taylor, m. Winthrop Wil- 



63 IV, Matilda Catharine Taylor, m., first, John T. 

Brown, who dying she m., second, John 
Brown, who dying she m., third, John Jones. 

64 V. Mary Norwood Taylor. 

65 VI. Columbia Maria Taylor, m. Charles H. Ax- 


66 VII. Henry Pendleton Taylor, 6. Feb. 12, 1832; d 

Aug. 25, 1874. 


Jesse Peter Taylor [Thomas', John'], born April 30, 
1789; removed to Alabama with his family and was a 
successful planter in the vicinity of Montgomery where 
some of his descendants still reside. He married Ro- 
sanna C. Theus, and died in Alabama in 1852. 


67 I. James Theus Taylor, m. first, Isabella Nor- 

velle Mayrant, and, second, Euphemia A. 
Hamilton; d, in 1878. 

68 II. Mary Ann Taylor, b. March 5, 18—; m, 


69 III. Rosa Taylor. 

70 IV. Thomas Marion Taylor. 


Benjamin Franklin Taylor [Thomas', John'], bom 
at Columbia, S. C, July 10, 1791, at the old home of his 
parents; graduated at Mount Zion Institute and then at 
Princeton; served one term in the Legislature; was a 
successful planter on a large scale and when Mr. Calhoun 
got Webster to visit the South to investigate slavery and 
southern conditions Mr. Webster was taken over his 
plantations near Columbia. It is noteworthy that after 
Webster's visit he ceased to condemn slavery. Mr. Tay- 
lor took many prizes at the fairs for the products of his 




From an original portrait by Scarborough in possession q/ 
Miss S. C. Goodwyn, of Columbia. 


plantations, some of which are still in the possession of 
the family, and his filly, Sally, won the South Carolina 
Jockey Club stake while being raced by Mr. Singleton. 
He married Sally Webb Coles, daughter of Walter Coles 
and Eliza Cocke, at Enniscorthy, the home of her parents, 
September 25, 1822. He died May 12, 1852, at Edgehill, 
his residence near Columbia, S. C. 


71 I. Virginia Taylor, b. Aug. 17, 1823; m., Nov. 

13, 1845, Halcott P. Green {d, March 19, 1891); 
d. March 20, 1885. 

72 II. Thomas Taylor, b. Feb. 11, 1824; m., April 9, 

1856, Sally Elmore; d, Dec. 22, 1903. 

73 III. Sally Coles Taylor, b. March 15, 1825; m., 

Nov. 4, 1852, John T. Goodwyn (b. May 1, 
1821: d July 10, 1855); d Jan. 25, 1902. 

74 IV. Anne Wyche Taylor, b, July 20, 1827; m., 

March 20, 1850, William St. Julien Mazyck. 

75 V. Benjamin Walter Taylor, b, Feb. 28, 1834; m., 

Dec. 14, 1865, Anna Heyward; d. Dec. 27, 

76 VI. Eliza Rebecca Taylor. 


James Taylor [James', John^, born February 2, 1777; 
died April 23, 1803; married Peggy Hirons. 

77 I. James Simon Taylor. 

78 11. Martha Taylor, m. Jesse Malachi Howell. 


Simon Taylor [John', John'], resided in Richland Dis- 
trict until near the close of his life; was a member of 
the Legislature December 13, 1800; Commissioner in 
Equity; and Sheriff, December 10, 1811. He moved to 


Opelousas, La., about 1818 and died there in 1821. He 
was twice married; first, to Mary Talman, a lady said to 
have been from Barbadoes, and, second, to Eliza M. Hen- 
derson, a daughter of Gen. Henderson. 

Issue: First wife. 

79 I. Sumter Taylor, d in 1821. 

80 n. Edward William Taylor, m. Marjory Brashear; 

d. in 1851. 
Second wife. 

81 HI. Ellen Claudia Taylor, 6. 1815, m. William B. 


82 IV. Emma Taylor, 6. d. 

83 V. Martha Taylor, m. Thomas H. Lewis. 

84 VI. Henderson Taylor, m. Louisa Lewis. 

85 VII. John James Taylor. 


John Taylor, [John^, John^], otherwise known as "Nim- 
rod John" on account of his fondness for the chase and 
to distinguish him from the other John Taylors, was a 
resident of Richland District. His estate was adminis- 
tered by William Taylor, who got permission to sell a 
runaway slave September 7, 1810. The compiler can 
get no more accurate data. He married Mary Wyche.* 

*Will of John Taylor, dated Jan. 24, 1816, mentions mother Mary, 
brothers Henry and WiUiam, sisters Martha and Rebecca and friend 
B. F. Taylor. 

Will of Mary Taylor, widow of John Taylor, dated Nov. 18, 1846, 
mentions Henry Taylor, her son, daughters Mary I. Heath, Sarah 
Wyche Tucker and Martha Margaret Russell. 

Will of Sarah Wyche Tucker dated March 29, 1847, mentions sister 
Mary Heath, of Georgia, widow of William Heath, brother Henry 
Taylor, of Georgia, sister Martha Wiggins, formerly Russell, now 
living in Georgia, Robert Russell, whose name has been changed to 
Robert Taylor, sister Rebecca Van Wert, wife of Walter Van Wert, 
Sarah Wyche Taylor, daughter of her brother Henry Taylor, nephews 
Epectetus Heath and William Heath, niece Emma Heath, husband 
Richard W. Tucker and friend Thomas Heath. Witnesses: B. F. 
Taylor, Thomas Taylor and B. W. Taylor. 



86 I. John Taylor. 

87 II. Henry Taylor. 

88 III. Rebecca Taylor, m. Walter Van Wert. 

89 IV. Martha Margaret Taylor, m. Robert E. Rus- 

sell and, subsequently, Wiggins. 

90 V. Sarah Wyche Taylor, m. R. W. Tucker. 

91 VI. William Taylor. 

92 VII. Mary Irons Taylor, m. William Heath. 


William Taylor [John^, John^], otherwise known as 
"Black-eyed Billy'^ Taylor, was born September 30, 1779. 
His father died when he was a small boy and his uncle 
Thomas Taylor raised him. He was a captain in the 
war of 1812 and sheriff of Richland District. It is 
stated that he went to Louisiana with his brother 
Simon but returned almost immediately as he did not 
like the country. For many years he was a merchant 
in Columbia. He married Elizabeth Calvert June 1, 
1804. He died October 23, 1857. 


93 I. Jane E. Taylor, m. Rev. Isaac Smith. 

94 II. Sarah M. Taylor, m. Jacob Bell. 

95 III. John C. Taylor, m. Mary Livingston. 

96 IV. Thomas House Taylor, killed by MurrelFs 

men in Florida. 

97 V. Simon Taylor, m., first, Susan Brooks, and, 

second, Sarah House. 

98 VI. Mary Ann Taylor, m. Peter Graeme Mc- 


99 VII. William Sumter Taylor. 

100 VIII. Elizabeth Calvert Taylor, m. Dr. B. F. Wat- 


101 IX. Martha P Taylor, m. Dr. R. H. Edmunds. 

102 X. Eloisa Marion Taylor. 



James Hunt Taylor [Jolin^, Thomas', James'], was a 
physician and lived for a while in Columbia but later 
moved to Alabama with his family. He was born July 
5, 1794, and married Elizabeth Witten. A marriage set- 
tlement recorded (see foot note) would indicate a previ- 
ous marriage to Sarah Hails, but living nieces say no 
such marriage took place. 


103 I. Witten Taylor, m. Holt; d. 1890. 

104 II. Sarah Talliaferro Taylor. 

105 III. James H. Taylor, m. Grace Adams. 

106 IV. John Taylor. 

107 V. Chesnut Taylor. 

108 VI. Benjamin Franklin Taylor, m. Priscilla Ran- 


109 VII. William Alexander Taylor. 

110 VIII. Cantey Taylor. 

111 IX. Eleanor Taylor, m. Frank Gilmer. 

112 X. Columbia Taylor, m Wm. H. Fowler. 

113 XL Susan Taylor, m. Meriweather Gilmer. 

114 XII. Elizabeth Taylor. 


John Chesnut Taylor, [John^ Thomas', John'], born 
December 26, 1799; married Jane Wallace and had one 
daughter named Chesnut who married Edward Evans. 


William Jesse Taylor [John^ Thomas^ John'] was 
a member of the Legislature and general of State militia. 
He was also a successful planter and resided near Co- 
lumbia, S. C. He married Alexina Jessie Muir, first, and, 
second, Mrs. Agnes Wallace Barton, widow of Bar- 
ton. He had no children by his second wife. 


Issue: First wife. 

115 I. George Taylor, m. Rebecca Wycoff. 

116 11. Helen Taylor, m. Thomas Chesnut. 

117 III. William Jesse Taylor, m. Mary Elmore. 

118 IV. Alexina Taylor, m. Albert R. Elmore. 

119 V. James Taylor, killed at Gaines' Mill. 

120 VI. Flora Taylor. 

121 VII. Lawrence Whittaker Taylor, b. Aug 23, 1848, 

m., April 12, 1869, Katie Burroughs (b. Aug 
3, 1848). 


Alexander Ross Taylor [John^ Thomas', John'], 
born June 8, 1812; was a member of the Legislature and 
an alderman of Columbia; was a private in the Seminole 
War; was captain of Congaree Mounted Riflemen at the 
time of the siege of Fort Sumter; was captain of the 
Congaree Cavaliers, Holcombe Legion; was colonel of 
militia toward the end of the War and was a member of 
the Constitutional Convention of 1865. He was attend- 
ing his last course of lectures, which, if completed, would 
have made him a physician, in 1832, when his father died 
and he was called upon to take charge of the estate. 
His management was very successful and he worked the 
estate out of a debt of $100,000, besides providing for 
his mother and family. He married. May 18, 1837, 
Sarah Martha Hayne, who having died, he married, 

when quite advanced in age, Kinsler. He had no 

children by the second wife. He died at his home in 
Lexington County December 30, 1888. 


122 I. William Hayne Taylor, 6. Sept. 26, 1838; d, 

Apr. 18, 1862. 

123 IL Sally Chesnut Taylor, b. Sept., 1840; d. Dec. 

4, 1840. 


124 III. John Taylor, &. March 11, 1842; m., Nov. 24, 

1870, Eliza M. Coffin. 

125 IV. Harriet Hayne Taylor. 

126 V. Alexander Ross Taylor, b, Aug. 9, 1845; d, 

July 27, 1865. 

127 VI. Isaac Hayne Taylor, b. Nov., 1847; d. Dec. 

14, 1848. 

128 VII. Albert Rhett Taylor, 6. May 18, 1860, m. Vir- 

ginia Lee Geiger. 


Thomas B. Taylor [William^ Thomas', John^], at- 
tended the South Carolina College and afterwards 
studied medicine. He removed to Alabama and mar- 
ried Harriet Raoul. He was born May 7, 1814; married 
in 1837, and died August 21, 1883. 


William Henry Taylor [Thomas', Thomas', John'], 
born June 1, 1801, at Columbia, S.C.; attended the South 
Carolina College and afterwards moved to Alabama. He 
married Mary Hails December 6, 1827. 


129 I. Mary Jane Taylor, m. Albert Elmore. 

130 II. Sally Maria Taylor, b. Nov. 30, 1835; m., 

March 7, 1860, Gen. John W. A. Sanf ord (6. 
Nov. 30, 1825). 

131 III. William Taylor. 

132 IV. Thomas Taylor. I 

133 V. George Taylor. " ' 

134 VI. Albert Taylor. 

135 VII. Hails Taylor. 

136 VIII. Elmore Taylor. 


James Madison Taylor [Thomas^ Thomas', John'], 
born at Columbia, S. C, July 1, 1812; married Charlotte 
Boykin, of Camden, in 1845. They lived in Alabama. 


137 I. Thomas Taylor. 


George Washington Taylor [Thomas^ Thomas', 
John'], born in Columbia, S. C, May 27, 1814; attended 
the South Carolina College and became a physician of 
some note in Alabama; married, first, Emily Anderson, 
of Alabama, and, second, his cousin, the widow Fannie 
Taylor Charles (b. March 13, 1816), in 1851. 


138 I. Washington Taylor. 

139 II. Frances Taylor. 

140 III. FanniejW. Taylor, 6. May 9, 1852; d in 1894. 


Edward Fisher Taylor [Thomas^ Thomas', John'], 
born at Columbia, S. C, February 14, 1822; attended the 
South Carolina College; married Ann Sewell Trezevant, 
November 8, 1842, and removed to Alabama where he 
died in 1855. 


141 I. Anne Trezevant Taylor, b. Oct. 9, 1843; d. 

March, 1861. 

142 11. Edward Fisher Taylor, b. May 25, 1847; d. 

Oct., 1860. 

143 III. Heyward Trezevant Taylor, b. May 25, 1847; 

m. Cora S. ) d. March, 1895. 

144 IV. George Washington Taylor, &. Jan. 16, 1849; 

m., Jan. 13, 1881, Margaretta Van Tuyl Met- 


145 V. Mary Jane Taylor, h. Dec. 21, 1851; m., Dec, 

1871, Thomas S. Davant. 

146 VI. Thomas Taylor, b. in 1852; d in 1855. 

147. VIL Henry Pendleton Taylor, b. July 26, 1854; m. 
Eliza C. Hanckel. 


James Theus Taylor [Jesse Peter^ Thomas', John'], 
was a very eminent physician of Alabama and New York. 
During the epidemic of yellow fever in New Orleans in 
1878 he went to the city to study the disease and to ex- 
periment with a view of stamping it out and contracted 
the disease himself and died from it. He was twice 
married; first, to Isabella Norvelle Mayrant and, second, 
to Euphemia A. Hamilton. He died in New Orleans in 

Issue: Second wife. 

148 I. Anne Rosalie Taylor. 

149 II. Theus Taylor, b, in 1859; d. Feb., 1897. 


Thomas Taylor [Benjamin Franklin^, Thomas^ John^], 
born near Columbia, S. C, Feb. 11, 1824; graduated at 
the South Carolina College and became a planter; en- 
tered the Confederate service as a private in the Charles- 
ton Light Dragoons, but raised a company soon after- 
wards which was incorporated with the Hampton Legion. 
At the reorganization of the army he was defeated for 
re-election as captain, but was soon afterwards appointed 
aide to Gen. Hampton with rank of captain in which 
capacity he served till the end of the war. He was mar- 
ried, April 9, 1856, to Sally Elmore, daughter of Hon. 
Franklin H. Elmore and Harriet Chesnut Taylor. His 
wife was therefore the daughter of his first cousin. 

After the war Captain Taylor resumed his occupation 
as a planter. In 1878 he ran for the Legislature but was 


defeated; was elected in 1880 and served one term; was 
Commissioner of Phosphates until the office was abol- 
ished. He died at Columbia December 22, 1903. 

150 I. Grace Taylor. 


Benjamin Walter Taylor [Benjamin Franklin^ 
Thomas', John^, born February 28, 1834, at Edgehill, 
the residence of his father; was educated at Mount Zion 
and the South Carolina College; read medicine under 
Dr. R. W. Gibbes. At the breaking out of the war he 
was appointed assistant surgeon of the Columbia Flying 
Artillery and was present at the siege of Fort Sumter. 
When Hampton formed his legion he was made assist- 
ant surgeon and was at the first battle of Manassas, after 
which he amputated the leg of Gen. Ricketts, the Fede- 
eral officer commanding the battery immediately in 
front of Hampton's position. 

As Hampton was advanced Dr. Taylor followed by 
promotion as fast as vacancies occurred until at the end 
he became Medical Director of the Cavalry Corps of the 
Army of Northern Virginia on the death of Dr. Fontain. 
He did not have a f urlow to come home during the entire 
war and was present at most of the battles including 
Gettysburg. He was not with Jackson during the Val- 
ley Campaign and as far as he could recall, that campaign 
was the only one of great importance that he did not par- 
ticipate in. He served as medical officer on Gen. Butler's 
staff until he succeeded Dr. Fontain. 

After the war he resumed the practice of medicine 
and surgery, becoming one of the most eminent of South- 
ern surgeons. He was elected a regent of the South 
Carolina Lunatic Asylum in 1876 and from that date to 
his death served on that board. 


He married Anna Heyward, the daughter of Nathaniel 
Heyward and Eliza Barnwell Smith (sister of Robert 
Barnwell Rhett), December 14, 1865. 


151 I. Thomas Taylor, b. Sept. 30, 1866; m., Dec. 5, 

1901, Susan Evelyn Ames. 

152 11. Walter Taylor, b. Nov. 15, 1871; d, March 15, 


153 III. Benjamin Franklin Taylor, b. Jan. 4, 1873; 

m., April 15, 1901, Elizabeth Harriet Saul 
(6. April 20, 1878). 

154 IV. Nathaniel Heyward Taylor, 6. Nov. 8, 1875; 

d July 26, 1887. 

155 V. Julius Heyward Taylor, b. Aug. 8, 1877. 

156 VI. Anna Heyward Taylor, 6. Nov. 13, 1879. 

157 VII. Ellen Elmore Taylor, b. July 6, 1883. 

158 VIII. Edmund Rhett Taylor, b. Feb. 2, 1885. 


Edward William Taylor [Simon^, John \ John^], was 
a resident of Louisiana; married Marjory Brashear and 
died in 1851. 


159 I. Mary Talman Taylor, m. John Posey. 

160 II. Eliza Maria Taylor, m. Charles Beauchamp. 

161 III. Lodi Gayosa Taylor, m. John L. DeGeneres. 

162 IV. Evelyn Taylor. 

163 V. Emma Taylor, m. John Murphy. 

164 VI. Rebecca Taylor, m. James M. Porter. 

165 VII. Simonia Taylor, m. Judge Morgan. 

166 VIII. Lucy M. Taylor, m. Dr. Campbell. 

167 IX. Edward Sumter Taylor, m., first, Ellen Tay- 

lor, and, second, Alice Sutterfield. 



Henderson Taylor [Simon^ John^, John^], of Louis- 
iana; married Louisa Lewis. 


168 L Clara Taylor, m. Sutterfield. 

169 IL Ellen Taylor, m. Edward Sumter Taylor. 

170 III Seth Lewis Taylor. 

171 IV. John Taylor, killed in battle while in Con- 

federate service. 

172 V. John James Taylor, m. Sophy Brashear. 

173 VI. Alice Taylor, m. Augustus Littell. 

174 VII. Fanny Taylor, m. Jackson. 

175 VIII. Martha Taylor, m. Frazee. 

176 IX. Henderson Taylor, m. Marion Littell. 

177 X. Jewell Taylor. 

178 XI. Edward Taylor. 


John C. Taylor, [William^ John', John'], was a phy- 
sician; married Mary Livingston. 


179 I. Delia Taylor. 


Thomas House Taylor [William^, John', John'], was 
a physician; while on a trip West was murdered by Mur- 
rell and his men, a notorious band of cut throats which 
infested the frontier at that time. His bones, saddle 
bags and Bible were found some time afterwards and the 
remains were identified by the Bible which had his name 
in it. Years afterwards one of the outlaws was about 
to be hanged and mentioned Dr. Taylor as one of the 
victims of the gang in his confession. 



Simon Taylor [William^ John', John'], of lower Rich- 
land County, was married twice; first, to Susan Brooks 
and, second, to Sarah House. 


180 I. Jesse H. Taylor. 

181 11. John Taylor. 

182 III. Simon Taylor. 

183 IV. William Taylor. 

184 V. A daughter, m. Seay. 


Benjamin Franklin Taylor [James Hunt^ John^, 
Thomas', John'], was an officer on the staff of Gen. Ran- 
som, a relative of his wife, during the war, 1860-1865. 
He married Priscilla Ransom. 


George Taylor [William Jesse', John^ Thomas', 
John^], married Rebecca Wycoff. 

185 I. Jesse Taylor. 

186 II. Mary Taylor. 


William Jesse Taylor [William Jesse', John^ Thomas', 
John^], married Mary Elmore, daughter of Hon. Frank- 
lin H. Elmore and Harriet C. Taylor; was an officer 
during the war, 1860-1865, C. S. A. 


187 I. James H. Taylor, m. Jessie Harris. Is a prom- 

inent manufacturer of cotton seed oil in 

188 II. Rosa Taylor, m. Joe Brunson. 

189 III. William J. Taylor. 


190 IV. Frank Elmore Taylor, m. Mamie Huson. 

191 V. Albert Taylor, m. Gertrude Moore. 


James Taylor [William Jesse', John^ Thomas', John'], 
was killed at Gaines' Mill while bearing the colors of 
Gregg's Regiment in one of the hottest enfillading fires 
of the war. Three other boys of about his age were 
killed in a short space of time. A tablet to their mem- 
ory is on a wall in the State House at Columbia. 


Lawrence Whittaker Taylor [William Jesse', John^ 
Thomas^, John'], was a lieutenant in the Confederate 
army. He married Katie Burroughs. 


192 I. William Jesse Taylor, 6. in 1871; m., in 1905, 

Ellen Duffie. 

193 II. Ella Taylor, b. Feb. 5, 1870, m. Samuel Clark- 


III. Lawrence Taylor, m. Caroline Adams. 

IV. Alfred Taylor, m., in 1906, Thompson. 

V. Katie Taylor. 

VI. Helen Taylor. 


William Hayne Taylor [Alexander Ross', John^, 
Thomas^, John^], born September 26, 1838; died of fever 
in Virginia while in the army April 18, 1962. He was 
lieutenant of the Congaree Troop, commanded by Capt. 
Thomas Taylor. 


John Taylor [Alexander Ross^ John^ Thomas^, John'], 
born March 11, 1842; was in attendance at the South 
Carolina College at the breaking out of the war and was 


one of those who signed the petition to the trustees for 
permission to volunteer in the army; was in Charleston 
with the Congaree Mounted Riflemen which disbanded 
soon after the fall of Fort Sumter; joined the students 
company commanded by Captain Dawkins Rogers, but 
after a few weeks joined his father's company, then Co. 

B. (cavalry), Holcombe Legion, afterwards Co. D., 7th S. 

C. Cavalry; was successively corporal, first sergeant, 
lieutenant, and first lieutenant; was captured while en- 
deavoring to withdraw by order a picket of men under 
Lieut. Chalmers from a dangerous position not far from 
the White House, July 2, 1863, was imprisoned at John- 
son's Island from July, 1863, to March 14, 1865. Since 
the war he has engaged in planting and has had several 
clerical positions in the South Carolina State Depart- 
ments. He married Eliza M. Coffin, November 24, 1870. 


198 I. Alexander Ross Taylor. 

199 II. George Coffin Taylor. 


Alexander Ross Taylor [Alexander Ross^ John^ 
Thomas^ John^], born August 9, 1845; was a courier in 
Battery Wagner during the war and died soon after the 
the close, July 27, 1865.. 


Albert Rhett Taylor [Alexander Ross*, John^, 
Thomas', John'], born May 18, 1860; attended Thomp- 
son's school in Columbia and the military school at York- 
ville; is engaged in planting; married Virginia Lee 
Geiger, of Lexington County. 


Heyward Trezevant Taylor [Edward Fisher^ 
Thomas^ Thomas', John'], born May 25, 1847; married 
Cora S. ; died in March, 1895. 



200 I. Julian W. Taylor. 

201 11. Heyward Trezevant Taylor. 

202 III. George Washington Taylor. 


George Washington Taylor [Edward Fisher', Thomas^ 
Thomas^, John^], born January 16, 1849; attended the 
South Carolina College; was a courier for Gen. Harrison 
during the war; is at present a member of Congress 
from Alabama; married Margaretta Van Tuyl Metcalf 
January 13, 1881. 

203 I. Mary Taylor, 6. Dec, 1881. 

204 11. Maggie Metcalf Taylor, b. March 21, 1883; d, 

June 27, 1890. 

205 III. Edward Taylor, b. Aug., 1884. 

206 IV. Lucy Crommelin Taylor, b. Feb. 15, 1886. 

207 V. Anne Trezevant Taylor, 6. Dec, 1887. 

208 VI. Sadie Lyon Taylor, 6. Dec, 1890; d. Dec, 


209 VII. George Metcalf Taylor, 6. Sept., 1892. 


Henry Pendleton Taylor [Edward Fisher', Thomas^ 
Thomas^ John^], born July 26, 1854; resides in Charles- 
ton, S. C; married Eliza C. Hanckel. 


210 I. May Taylor. 

211 11. John Hanckel Taylor. 

212 IILLilah. Taylor. 


Theus Taylor [James Theus*, Jesse Peter', Thomas', 
John^], resided on Long Island, New York; born in 1859 
and died in 1897. 



213 I. Euphemia Taylor, 6. in 1881. 

214 II. Frederic Taylor, b. in 1885. 


Thomas Taylor [Benjamin Walter', Benjamin Frank- 
lin^ Thomas^, John^], born September 30, 1866, at Co- 
lumbia, S. C; graduated in mechanical engineering at 
Stevens' Institute of Technology, 1889; engaged in man- 
ufacture of cotton seed oil soon after graduation; is now 
interested in several manufacturing companies and in 
planting; married Susan Evelyn Ames, daughter of 
Gov. Oliver Ames, of Massachusetts, December 5, 1901. 


215 I. Thomas Taylor, b. April 26, 1903. 

216 11. Anna Ray Taylor, 6. June 7, 1905. 


Benjamin Franklin Taylor [Benjamin Walter', Ben- 
jamin Franklin^, Thomas^, John^], born January 4, 1873; 
attended the University of the South at Sewanee, Ten- 
nessee, and the South Carolina College; engaged in 
manufacturing; married Elizabeth Harriet Saul, of Au- 
gusta, Ga., April 15, 1901. 


217 I. Thomas Taylor, 6. Feb. 5, 1902. 

218 II. Coles Taylor, 6. Feb. 25, 1905. 


Julius Heyward Taylor [Benjamin Walter', Benja- 
min Franklin^, Thomas^, John^], born November 8, 1875; 
graduated at the South Carolina Military Academy; 
took a special course in biology and chemistry at South 
Carolina College; graduated in medicine and surgery at 
the University of Virginia; took hospital courses at the 


Orthopoedic, the Maternity, and St. Luke's hospitals in 
New York; is now a physician at Columbia, S. C. 


Henderson Taylor [Henderson',Simon^ John^ohn']' 
of Louisiana, was a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island 
with John Taylor (124), of Columbia, S. C. He was an 


Frank Elmore Taylor [William Jesse', William Jesse', 
John^, Thomas^ John^], resides in Jacksonville, Fla.; mar- 
ried Mamie Huson. 


219 L Thomas H. Taylor. 


Albert Taylor [William Jesse', William Jesse', John', 
Thomas^, John'], married Gertrude Moore. 


220 I. Rosa Taylor. 

221 II. William Jesse Taylor, d, in 1907. 


WiLLUM Jesse Taylor [Lawrence Whittaker', Wil- 
liam Jesse', John^, Thomas^, John'], was a hospital stew- 
ard in South Carolina Volunteers in the war with Spain; 
is a druggist by profession; married Ellen Duffie, of 
Columbia, S. C, in 1905. 


222 I. William Jesse Taylor, h. in 1906. 


Letters from South Carolina in 16S2.— The Amer- 
ican Historical Review for January contains three let- 
ters written from Charles Town, Carolina, by Thomas 
Newe to his father, who was then butler of Exter Col- 
lege, Oxford, and dated May 17, 1682, May 29, 1682, 
and August 23, 1682, respectively. They were found in 
MS. Rawlinson D. 810 in the Bodlian Library by Profes- 
sor Charles M. Andrews. MS. Rawlinson D. 810 is a 
volume of miscellaneous collections partly transcribed 
from collections of Hannibal Baskerville, of Bayworth, 
Berks, but chiefly written by his son Thomas, relative 
to their family, their friends, and the university of Ox- 
ford. Thomas Newe's letters are imbedded in the de- 
scription of Exter College. They are full of very inter- 
esting matter reflecting the social, economic and politi- 
cal conditions of that time in "that part of the province 
of Carolina lying southward and westward of Cape 

South Carolina's Electors in 1800.— The following 
letter from the collection of the Society will prove in- 
teresting in connection with the presidential election of 

Free Elizur Goodrich M C 
Addressed: Timothy Pitkin Jun Esq 

Washington Dec 12, 1800 
Dear Sir 

The Electors for M"" Jefferson & Burr have been chosen in the 
State of Sonth CaroHna {have been chosen) by a majority of thirteen 
—It would have been easy to have made a Union for Jefferson & 
Pinckney. M"" Pinckney however would not consent to it & restrained 
his friends from it — I am respectfully Elizur Goodrich 
Endorsed: Elizur Goodrich 
Dec 12**>: 1800 



following letter from Henry M. Rutledge to Henry- 
Izard gives us a closer view of the alleged conspiracy of 
Aaron Burr, a subject which is receiving much attention 
in historical circles at present. It was obtained from 
the collection of letters and other manuscripts left by 
the late Dr. Gabriel E. Manigault and his brother, Louis 
Manigault, of Charleston. I has endorsed on the out- 
side sheet in pencil: "From Henry Middleton Rutledge 
to his brother-in-law Henry Izard." 

Addressed: Henry Izard Esqu. 

South Carolina. 

Nashville March 25t»'-1807 
Dear Izard, 

I arrived at this place, four days ago— after the most dis- 
agreeable journey, that I ever performed — The moment I passed 
the blue ridge, I perceived that I had plunged again into the depth of 
winter, & indeed I have scarcely experienced a fair day since. 
Nothing but frost & snow, the effects of which on the roads thro' the 
rich soil of Cumberland you may easily conceive— I would very wil- 
lingly for my own accommodations have given all the good soil I saw, 
for a narrow slip of our sand. I pushed my way however thro* the 
wind & water to Anderson's house, which is 25 miles from this — We 
set out the next day for this place, & called on our way at Genl: 
Jackson's where we spent an agreeable evening, in the course of 
which he made many enquiries respecting you. I found as you may 
presume, that Colonel Burr, furnished the most common topic in this 
quarter. I have not seen a single person, who believes that Burr 
ever intended to attempt a separation of the Western from the At- 
lantic States, or to possess himself of N: Orleans. They are all how- 
ever persuaded that Wilkinson & himself, were connected in a scheme 
to attack the Floridas & other Spanish possessions, & that with the 
knowledge of the Executive, who expected every moment, a declara- 
tion of war on the part of Spain. And indeed, except Eaton's affida- 
vit, who is supposed to have blended, what was said in jest & earnest 
I do not recollect any other evidence which might not be reconciled 
with this statement. Very little, not to say, no credit is here attach- 
ed to Wilkinson's assertions— Indeed there does not appear the 
slightest sentiment of hostility of the Atlantic States or to the Gov- 
ernment of the Union in this quarter— When I say Government I 


mean the present mode of govornment, & I do not mean to include 
the individuals who are at present employed in the administration of 
it. For without being assisted by the prejudices of a Federalist, it 
is easy to discover that the people here are heartily sick of M'. Jeffer- 
son his friends, & their present system of duplicity. And the late 
attempt of the Senate to suspend the Writ of Habeas Corpus, is re- 
garded as nothing less than throwing off the mask of their Republi- 
canism. Whatever may be the sensations excited in other parts of 
America by this Bill, I can safely say that here, where they could 
discover neither a shadow of insurrection or invasion, the utmost in- 
dignation has been excited by it, & it is very candidly confessed that 
nothing in M"". Adams's administration, could be put in competition 
with this barefaced attempt at this arbitrary power— Nor are these 
sentiments excited by partiality for Burr, as he has lately rendered 
himself very unpopular, by drawing a parcel of Bills for which he re- 
ceived the money of various individuals, & which have come back 

I presume that you are now on your Georgia tour, which I hope 
may be an agreeable one, & result in some beneficial purchase. I 
shall set out in ten days for Elk River, where I suppose I shall be un- 
der the necessity of passing a week or two "a la bivouac." An- 
derson is now there superintending the running of his Sectional Unes. 
I have on my hands the agreeable task of settling a dispute between 
him & a Surveyor of the name of Hickman, on the compromising of 
which, depends my finding the situation of 50,000 acres of land — 
On the whole I think it fortunate that I prevailed on myself to take 
this unpleasant ride. 

I am sorry to inform you of the fate of old Arnold, whom you saw 
embark in a Canoe with two Indians & his dog to descend the Tennes- 
see. He was deliver'd safely by his savage friends, tho' indisposed^ 
to some of his white acquaintances at the muscle shoals, together 
with a trunk which it is thought contained a large sum of money. 
Either from neglect, or as it is generally thought, from an accelerat- 
ing cause, he shortly after expired— And in a few days a Will in all 
the forms was discover'd, bequeathing his property to the scoundrel 
in whose hut he died — Adieu my dear friend- Do not take the 
trouble of writing as I cannot receive your letter— With my love to 
Emma I remain sincerely yours y H. M. R — 

Means. — There are two misprints in the Means gene- 
alogy published in October, 1906, issue of this magazine: 
Governor Means married Sarah (not Susan) Rebecca 
Stark. No. Ill on page 216 should read Virginia Pres- 
ton Means (not Palmer), 


Collections of the 
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Collections of the 
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The South Carolina 
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CoNTEjNTS : Ivetter from Thomas Jefferson to Judge William Johnson, 
Mission of Col. John Laurens to Europe in 1781, Papers of the First 
Council of Safety of the Revolutionary Party in South Carolina, June- 
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Document, Blake of South Carolina, Letters" from Judge William John- 
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Thaddeus Kosciuszko to Maj, Alexander Garden, Col Miles Brewton and 
-Some of His Descendants, Letters of Ralph Izard, Izard of South Caro- 
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and Some of Jlis Descendants, Notes and Queries, Publications Received, 
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\/OL. \/III-No. 3 JULY, IQOT 

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Letters from the Marquis de Lafayette to Hon. 

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Secret Committee and Provincial Congress . . . 132 
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The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VIII. JULY, 1907. No. 3. 

TO HON. HENRY LAURENS. 1777-1780. 

(Continued from the April number.) 


Addressed: private letter 

The honorable henry 
Laurens Esq 

York town 

Camp Valley forge 26 april 1778 
dear Sir 

I have only the time of writing two lines by ms de 
francy, and I hope Til find soon one other occasion of 
troubling you with a letter of mine— this will only speack 
of a monney business I have with you— do you remem- 
ber that you have advanced to me a pretty large sum of 
money Sit four for one — as ms de francy and myself have 
just now made a convertion upon a large scale, and ms 
moriss has agreed to my returning that part of the 
monney advanced to me whose bills of exchange were 
not sent yet, I thought you would not have any objec- 


tion were those 6000 dollars returned by him at such 
conditions as will be deemed proper— however if there 
was the least difficulty I schall immediately send you 
bills of exchange upon f ranee— if I make an improper 
proposition I beg you would excuse my entire ignorance 
and stupidity in that kind of business 

I have at least found some receipts of a part of the 
monney advanced by me for public service— be so good 
as to sent it where I am to be pay'd — every thing I have 
given was of an indispensable necessity, and decency as 
well as public honor has obliged me to make sometimes 
the duty of pay-master. 

with the most sincere affection and highest regard I 
have the honor to be 

dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M^^ de Lafayette 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 
26 April 1778 
Ans^ 3 May- 


Valley forge camp the 1'* May 1778 
houra, my good friend, now the affair is over, and a 
very good treaty will assure our noble independence— 
very happy I find myself to see things so well brought 
to the common glory and satisfaction— /ra^ce I am told 
has behaved with frankness and generosity — every cir- 
cumstance affords me the Greatest pleasure — I hope we 
schall receive an authentic intelligence from Congress, 
and every one in the army ardently expects to hear the 
signal from them, that they may abandon themselves to 
the solemn expressions and acclamations of theyr happi- 
ness—I hope a grand, noi^y feu dejoy will be ordered, it 
will give high spirits to our soldiers, it will run through 


the whole continent, it schall reach the ears of our good 
friends in Philadelphia — I wish'd Ms' Commissioners may 
arrive from england that very same day, where we schall 
let them know that we have discovered theyr jesuistical 
meanings, and the Candor of theyr propositions — I must 
confess, my dear sir, that I have also felt the greatest 
satisfaction in hearing what justice and respect is payd 
in europe to my respectable friend our commander in 

I expect with the greatest impatience the arrival of 
Ms Simeon deane at camp — that gentleman I hope will 
bring me a large parcel of european intelligences— tho' 
I have not yet got the answer to my last letter, I think 
this is for me the occasion of writing to Congress — the 
man who left franco when the news of Gnl Washington 
being with sixteen hundred men this side of the dela- 
ware had reached europe, and before this of trenton was 
Arrived, this man, says I, must be in fine spirits to see 
how far things have been from that time for the happi- 
ness of mankind, the prosperity of freedom, and the 
Glory of what they call in franco my new country— 

let me now speack to you of less important matters; 
I have some baggage at york and as I am much averse to 
carrying many in camp, I have entertained the hope that 
Ms Laurens would have no objection that those few 
trunks be carried into his house — when Congress will 
set out for Philadelphia I beg you would have them 
brought among your own, and when Til set out for franco 
I'll come to take them and very heartily thank you for 
your good Care — do you think, my dear sir, there will 
be no inconvenience in that proposition of mine. 

with a great impatience I also expect a letter concern- 
ing C^''^ Armand, and am inclined to believe that Congress 
wo'nt refuse his request — we have a painter in Camp 
who is desirous of drawing General Washington— but 


his excellency do'nt choose to give much time to it — 
do'nt you think, sir, that Congress schould ask that pic- 
ture from him in order to have it fixed in the house as a 
monument of theyr gratefulness— my idea is a pretty 
interested one as I want to have a copy of that projected 

farewell, my dear sir, be so good as to let me know 
which effects such a good news has produced at york, 
and believe me with the greatest affection and highest 

dear Sir Your most obedient 
humble servant 

the M'^ deLaf ayette 
I wish C^ Gates would be sent here without loss of time, 
and also the committee — if you see Gnl lee tell him that 
I ardently wish the pleasure of his acquaintance, very 
heartily I desire that M' Capitain be soon given up to me. 

Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 
1 May 1778 ReC^: 3*- 


Addressed: to the honorable 

the president of the Congress of the United 
States of America 
York town 

Valley forge Camp the 5**^ May 1778 
dear Sir 

I have the honor to send you the copies of letters Con- 
cerning Ms de la neuville, which I understand did not 
get to Congress in the time they had been delivered by 
his excellency General Washington— Monsieur de la 
Neuville will be looked on by any one who is acquainted 
with him as a very deserving Gentleman on every re- 



spect, and I hope he will be agreable to Congress— I 
schould be very happy, sir, was he employed according 
to his wishes, and am convinced his services may prouve 
useful as he brings reccommandations, and marks of 
esteem from two men of a distinguished merit and repu- 
tation in f ranee, the baron de Wurmser a German lieu- 
tenant Gnl in our Service and the M'' de bouille governor 
of martinico. 

there is one other affair I am obliged to trouble Con- 
gress with— the chevalier de fayolles who came with me 
from f ranee, whose services were not accepted, was pre- 
vented by his health to return home as soon as he had 
wish'd — he writes me to know if he Could be employed 
in the Same rank which he has the commission in f ranee 
L* Colonel; if not, as he runs the disagreable risk of being 
taken in his return he schould take as very particular 
favor to obtain some protection for being received in 
the continental f rigatte La varrena now in boston. 

As I am going to send an express to L*. C^"^ gouvion of 
the engeneers who is among the indians, in case, sir, you 
think it can do some good as coming from a frenchman, 
I beg you would send me many exemplaires of that 
Scretch of our happy treaty I have received, that I may 
forward them to our indian neighbours and by them to 
the nations living in Canada. 

With the highest Regard I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant 
the M" de Lafayette 

Endorsed: Marquis de laf ayette 
5 May 1778 
Reed, y^ 9*^- 
Ans^ 11*'— 



Addressed: private 

to the honorable henry Laurens esq. 
York town 

Valley forge Camp 10*^ may 1778 
dear Sir 

the bearer of this letter is mons. de Lomagne whom 
Congress has made a captain at my reecommandation 
and who is now with colonel Armand— his colonel sent 
him in a great hurry as he is himself very impatient to 
hear from me about his business — but you know, my 
dear sir, that far from forgetting them I have applied 
warmly to Congress and begg'd several times an answer 
in his favor— I hope it will be brought to me by Ms de 
gimat, or at least by the bearer of the present— Armand 
will have a corps of four hundred good men, f rench or 
germains, not one english desertor, and it is conspicuous 
that by not taking any american he do'nt hurt the re- 
cruiting or drafting service— he has expended good deal 
from his own pocquet, and Ms de Lomagne will repeat 
yet to you his wishes, which I warmly desire Congress 
may comply to, as they seem very just ones. 

Mons. de Lomagne wants to be a major— that I do'nt 
believe Congress will do but have promised to write you 
on the subject — I never saw him in franco, but he seems 
a very well bred man and has a certificate from a gen- 
tleman I am much acquainted with the duke du chatelet 
I can not refuse those two words of reecommandation to 

whenever I speack you freely in any reccommandations 
it is between us, unless you may think proper to mention 
in General words my sentiments to Congress— I heg you 
would reccommend to them particularly the affair of C^"^ 
Armand and this I am going to speack upon. 



Gnl gates has lately wrote to Congress for C^°^ failly 
and Ms deLuce, and asked new commissions — I wish 
failly may be promoted, and gnl gates as told me that he 
was sure Congress would grant to that officer the rank 
of Colonel — be so good as to let me know if you think it 
may be done. 

by a f rench gentleman just from Philadelphia I hear 
that the current noise there is that a pacquet boat has 
brought the news of a war declared between f ranee and 
england and hostilities already begun. 

As Gnl Washington had expressed when I was at al- 
bany the desire of getting Indians, I had try'd every 
exertion to procure them, and I hear fifty will arrive in 
camp to day or to morrow under a f rench officer I had 
sent to them and for whom Fll trouble Congress after 
the affair of f a'illy will be fixed upon in one way or other 
Very affectionately I have the honor to be 
My dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M^^ de Lafayette 

Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 
10 May Rec^ 1V\ 



Valley forge Camp 14'^ may 1778 
dear Sir 

I have just now received your favor by O'^ gimat and 
instantly beg you would offer to the Consideration of 
Congress the affair of C^°^ Armand — that gentleman has 
incurred great expenses from his own for to raise an 
independant Corps— he flatters himself he could bring 
into the field before long 400 good men, was he entitled 
by an order of Congress to enlist hessian desertors or 
prisonners — he has already inlisted a great number of 


frenchmen and will not take one english desertor — ^he 
wish'd that his old corps be given back to him, and that 
he may be annexed to some state in order to get the 
bounty by inlisted man — but, sir, I have explained that 
matter very fully in a letter wrote three weeks ago, and 
will only confine myself in telling that ardently I wish 
to send soon good news to that gentleman; as he is ex- 
posed every day to an immense deal of expenses by his 
zeal and impatience of being soon in the field. 

may I beg in this letter the gentlemen of Congress 
who have done with f rench papers to be so good as to 
deliver some to you for me — it is almost the only way of 
satisfying my curiosity for every thing which has hap- 
pened since some time in my most beloved country. 

I beg you would transmit to me the account of the 
affairs I took the liberty of reccommending to you when 
decided by Congress in behalf of french gentlemen — 
theyr confidence deserved my exertions, and the pleasure 
of being useful to my countrymen is one of the greatest 
I may feel. 

I hope the Gentlemen of Congress have not been dis- 
pleased with the letter of my uncle the M'' de noailles to 
his brittanick majesty, and the effects it has produced— 
with the highest regard I have the honor to be 

Your most obedient servant 
the M" de Lafayette 

Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

14 May 1778 Rec^ 16*^- 
Ans'. 17*^^- 


Valley forge Camp 25*' may 1778 
dear Sir 

I have the honor to send you a pacquet for Congress 
which I beg you would examine and afterwards commu- 


nicate to them— this scheme calculated upon some ideas 
of mine seem to me of an high moment for the united 
states — if you was affraid that a too great publicity 
could ruin the project you could ask a committee — I ex- 
pect from you a speedy answer — do'nt you think that if 
the king agrees to it, the scheme could be very advan- 
tageous to your country on every respect — I wish I could 
speack with you, but it is impossible-if a committee is 
directed to take farther imf ormations with me, I beg 
them to consider that honor forbids my leaving Camp by 
this time. 

I make you my warmest thanks to have projenited a 
son like yours whose compagny and friendship is so 
agreable to me in camp, whose activity, zeal, intelligence 
and military knowledge have been so useful to me in the 
field during our detachement, and tho' you di'nt think 
much of me when you did get him, I however aknowledge 
myself under great obligations to you for that so well 
performed work of yours. 

if it is the same for you, sir, to receive the monney I 
am indebted for at charlestown from M' Crips who has 
good deal of paper to me, and must have received from 
franco an order for to dispose of it, I schall be obliged 
to you to send me a state of our accounts when you'll 
have time — I beg your pardon to trouble you about my 
private business but to make bills of exchange upon 
franco in gold, or upon M' crips in paper, or to make a 
bill with interest for such a time, I must now my debts 
and your intentions 

with the warmest friendship and highest regard I have 
the honor to be dear sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M^^ de Lafayette 

Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 
25 May 1778- 

[2b be continued in the next number of this magazine.^ 




May 3. 1775. Received of the Secret Committee the sum 
of One hundred Pounds Currency in advance for my ser- 
vice in cleaning & repairing Fire arms delivered to me 
by that Committee & for which I promise to account. 

John Milner 


Received 4th May 1775 of M^. James Leckie Twenty 
three kegs of powder 501b each- 

Edwd Weyman 
23 kegs 50^' Each- 

I Acknowledge that three Cask of Powder Containing 
three Hundred Weight was Received by me & Delivered 
to the Artillery Company— 

Will"^ Gibbes' 



William Gibbes Esq^- Charles Town 4 May 1775 

Bo*- of James Leckie:— 
1450^^-of Gunpowder vz. 

3 b'ls delv^ you Cont^ 300 
19 b'ls-deliv^ W". Glen Jun^ 950 

4 b'ls-d^ Weyman 200 

1450-al5/... £1087-10- 

^From the Laurens Collection. 

^Weyman and Gibbes were members of the Secret Committee. 



rec'd 5 June 1775 from W""- Henry Drayton Esq"", one 
Thousand & Eighty Seven pounds 10/ Currency in full 
the within acco*.— James Leckie: — 



My Dear Sir- Charles Town 7*^ May 1775 

Your very kind Advice conveying a pointed^ 
tho I am convinced a most friendly Attack, upon my 
discretion, has sunk deep into my mind; but conscious 
to myself of the Rectitude of my Conduct, as well as the 
integrity of my heart, I hope I shall stand acquitted in 
the Eyes of every moderate, honourable, disspassionate 
man, & as to the opinion, of the ignorant petulant, & 
narrow minded, I am totally indifferent. 

A few days ago I came into this Country in a Charac- 
ter that made an Acquaintance with every man of Sense, 
& Consequence in the Province, very desirable. The 
partiality of a friend introduced me in a favourable light 
to Mess'' Brewton, & Smith, & I shall always retain a 
perfect sense of their Civilities. I was fortunate enough 
to be acquainted with You in England, & I am happy to 
acknowledge your friendly attention to me here. From 
the Servants of Government I met with, a reception 
above what I had any right right to expect, & in conse- 
quence I was indiscrimately with the Officers of the 
Crown, & the warmest friends of the other party. In 
this situation, & publick Affairs in their present state, 
how was I to act? politicks I was careful never to in- 
troduce, but if they were mentioned was I to sit in 
guarded silence hearing the sentiments of all, differing 
from none, & by a kind of tacit assent encouraging peo- 
ple to open their hearts on a very interesting not to say 
dangerous subject; policy might dictate that line of con- 

^ Secretary to Lord William Campbell, the Royal governor. 


duct but Honor & Hospitality forbid it. I always avowed 
my sentiments, but I hope with Moderation, & Good 
Manners, never once conceiving that a manly, open, dis- 
cussion of a particular Affair, where I can appeal to you 
I had truth, & justice on my side, should draw upon me 
so severe a censure from unknown persons, as to procure 
me Your friendly Caution.— 

I will not trouble you with a word more on this sub- 
ject, but to repeat, that I disclosed no ones sentiments 
but my own, & that I shall ever think myself more for- 
tunate in any Appellation, my open temper may draw on 
me, than that of insidious, & designing.— 
Adieu My Dear Coll: & may God send us better times. 
I am with great truth 
Your most Obed' 
& very h^'" Serv* 
Alex: Innes 
Endorsed: Capt Innes 

7^ May 1775- 
An'. as within 



Dear Sir- 
In Answer to your Note of yesterday permit me to say 
that no Man can more sincerely wish you to live in this 
Country upon good terms with the people & satisfaction 
to your self than I do — The first I think is practicable 
even in these distracted times & the latter will be con- 
secutive — 

The short acquaintance which I have had with Capt 
Innes has formed in my mind a very favourable opinion 
of him as a Gentleman & a Man of honour— from these 
several considerations as well as from the remembrance 
of a particular conversation in Fludyer Street I was led 


to communicate the hint which you allude to — the harm- 
lessness of which I considered as its least value — it was 
the main purpose of my visit. I could not do less from 
the confidence you had reposed in me & I flatter my self 
with hopes that the more you reflect upon the subject 
the more you will not only excuse but applaud my free- 
dom—and Although I have at present no prospect of 
assimilating our Ideas upon political points in the sub- 
sisisting unhappy Contest between the Mother Country 
& her Daughters: I can nevertheless entertain the most 
charitable sentiments for every honest antagonist— op- 
pose you when (but only when) necessity may oblige us 
to contend— make reasonable allowances for your Errors 
& remain upon all other occasions 

D^- Sir Y'^ 



Charles Town So Carolina 8^ May 1775. 

Your Letter of the 10*^.' April we have re- 
ceived as a mark of your zeal in the American cause & 
we return our acknowledgements for your early com- 
munication of the very important advices contained in 
it. — An early transmission of every intelligence relating 
to American affairs is so essential to the common welfare 
that it is obvious a failure in this particular may be pro- 
ductive of the most ruinous consequences — in this point 
your situation as well respecting your Northern Colonies 
as Great Britain gives you an advantage over us that we 
assure you our inclination to promote the general Inter- 
est is much superior to our local abilities 

^There is also in the Laurens Collection a rough draft of this and 
the paper following (7). 


The People of this Colony look upon the recent conduct 
of Parliament in the same light that you do & we are 
happy in finding this similarity of sentiment; hence we 
make no doubt but that it prevails throughout every 
part of the American association, in order that you may 
see what our sentiments were upon receipt of the news 
which has so justly alarmed you we inclose a circular 
Letter which under our authority has been transmitted 
to our several district & parochial Committees & we 
assure you that impatiently waiting the determinations 
of the Continental Congress our people will without 
doubt put them into execution with equal unanimity 
diligence & fortitude. 

We rejoice to find that our conduct in the cause of 
liberty & of mankind has met with your approbation. 
Your spirited proceedings reflect honour upon the Peo- 
ple of Pennsylvania. 

By order of the General Committee 
Henry Laurens, 

The General Committee at Philadelphia. — 

Endorsed: Copy S'\ May 1775 

To The General Comee at 



Charles Town So Carolina 8*' May 1775. 

We inclose you a Letter addressed to the 
Chairman of the General Committee at Philadelphia, 
we desire you will cause it to be delivered and by your 
reading the contents of it you must readily conceive the 
nature of their Letter to us. 


We have received accounts of the Battle near Boston & 
have caird our Congress to meet on the 1'*. June. 

By order of the General Commee, 
Henry Laurens, 
The Delegates for So Carolina 

Philadelphia — 

Endorsed: Copy 8*^ May 1775— 

To The Delegates of S°. 



May 9th 1775 

Received from Sam^ Gruper one Pacquett for the Comite 

of Charles town to the Care of Clement Lamprere 

Alex' Fraser for 
Clement Lamprere 



May 10*\ 1775. Received of Samuel Groover a Packet 
directed to the Com"" for the Parish of S*. David's di- 
rected to the care of Henry W" Harrington Esq', w'^' I 
promise to deliver. 

John Vivian 



I Certify to have received from M". Sam'. Gruger (Ex- 
press) a Packet from our Committee of Intelligence in 
Ch^ Town bearing date the 8*\ May 1775. & will agrea- 
ble to their Desire give the Necessary Notification. — 

D: Horry. 



S*'. James Santee 

10*^: May 1775. 



May. 10*^ 1775. Received by the hands of Samuel 
Groover a Packet directed to the Com"', of the Parish of 
Prince George Winy aw, & to my care 

Paul Trapier 



Recev,d this 11*^ May 1775, aboute 7 a Clock in the After- 
noon from M'^: Samuel Gruber, a Packit for the use of 
the committee at Littel river, to the care of Josias All- 
ston Esq': which said packits I have at the same time 
Dispach,d a Boy & horse to carry the said packit as Di- 
rected, the distance from my house to littel river aboute 
Fifty Six Miles p'^: Joseph Allston— 



I Certify to have Reseevd from M' Samuel Gruber An 
Express & Packet from our Committee of Intelegence 
in Cha' Town bearing Date 8**^ May 1775 & will give the 
Notice Desird in the Packet- 
Prince Fedricks Adam M'Donald 
Parish May 13^, 1775^ 

^The packet receipted for in the foregoing receipts contained the 
summonses to the members of the Provincial Congress to meet in 
Charles Town on the 1st of June, as mentioned in the letter to the 
South Carolina delegates to the Continental Congress (7) . 



May 13. 1775. Received of the Secret Committee the 
sum of two hundred Pounds Currency which I promise 
to repay in three months to W"" H^-Drayton Chairman 
of the said Committee or order. 

Pet^ Timothy. 



The 10^. Instant May 1775 Bought of Stott & 
C\. 400 flints (which is appHed to the Arms) at 25/ p' 
Hun^* amounting to £5.0.0 which you will please to pay, 
and the sum of Ten pounds which is to pay the men that 
I have Imployed to Carry the Boxes to and from Miller, 
a particular distribution of which I shall give you an 
Acct of when that is Expended— 

I am Sir your humb" Servt 
Edwd Weyman 
To the Honorable 
William Henry Drayton 

24*^ May 1775 Received the sum of Twenty pound.— 

Edwd Weyman 





Two parcels of the Powder under Care of the 
secret Committee are private property, one of 125 lb at 
10/ belonging to M' Prince is £62.10 and the other to 
Robert Cochran 150 lb at 10/ is 75— the whole amount- 


ing to £137-10— which please to pay 

I am Sir Your Most humb" Servt 
Edwd Weyman 
10th May 1775 
To the Honorable- ) 

William Henry Drayton ) 

May 20. 1775 Received the sum of one hundred & 
thirty seven pounds ten shil^' being the amount of the 
within order 

Rob* Cochran 


June the 1. 1775 Received of Will. Henry Drayton the 
sum of fifty Pounds for carrying express packets from 
the Committee of Intelligence in Charles Town to the 
Committees of Christ Church S - James Santee, Prince 
George Winyaw, Little River Prince Frederick & S - 
David being eight days absent from Charls Town. 

Samuel Gruber 



May 9*^ to Munkscorner 32 

10*^ to Con^ John Savage from thence to Holmans 59 

11 to Ben"": Farenand Howell to Wevers Ferry 48 

12 to Cap* Kings 45 

13 Excessive Rane 

14 to John Colwell Esqr & to the Ridg 50 

15 to Silver Bluff George Golphen Esqr 45 

16 and 17 Excessive Rane 

18 Returned to Miles Reyley 40 

19 to Saultcetcher Bridg 40 

20 to the thirteen mile House 38 

21 to CharlesTown 23 

Miles 421 


June 2. 1775. Received of Will. H. Drayton the sum of 
eighty Pounds for carrying express from the Committee 
of Intelligence 

Endorsed: Rec* - for 

Money Paid by 

Secret Committee 



June 3. 177 Received of M""- Drayton the sum of fifty 
pounds in advance for cleaning the Public arms for 
which I promise to account 

John Milner 



The actual Commencement of Hostilities against this 
Continent, by the British Troops in a bloody Scene on 
the 19th of April last near Boston— the Increase of 
arbitrary Impositions from a wicked and despotic min- 
istry—and the Dread of instigated Insurrections in the 
Colonies — are Causes sufficient to drive an oppressed 
People to the Use of Arms: We therefore, the Sub- 
scribers, Inhabitants of South Carolina, holding ourselves 
bound, by that most Sacred of all Obligations, the Duty 
of good Citizens towards an injured Country, and thor- 
oughly convinced, that, under our present destressed 
Circumstances, we shall be justified before God and Man, 
in resisting Force by Force; Do Unite ourselves, under 
every Tie of Religion and of Honour, and associate, as 
a Band in her Defence, against every Foe: Hereby 
solemnly engaging that whenever our Continental or 
Provincial Councils shall decree it necessary, we will go 


forth, and be ready to sacrifice our Lives and Fortunes 
to secure her Freedom and Safety. This Obligation to 
Continue in full Force until a Reconciliation shall take 
Place between Great Britain and America, upon Consti- 
tutional Principles, an Event which we most ardently 
desire. And we will hold all those Persons inimical to 
the Liberty of the Colonies who shall refuse to subscribe 
this Association. 


Unanimously agreed to in the Provincial Congress of 
South-Carolina, on Saturday the 3d of June 1775. 

Endorsed: P. Timothy 

3^ June 1775- 




Sunday Morning 4*^ June 1775— K's Birth Day 
Prayers — by the Reverend M". Tourquand— Present up- 
ward of 170 Members 

"Ordered — that the Association be now signed by all the 
Members present in the order of Parishes & districts 
leaving blanks for the Names of such Members as are 
absent — & that the President do sign first." 

I rose & taking the Paper in my hand, desired to be 
heard, & having obtained full permission delivered my 
sentiments nearly in the following words. — 

After I have explained my self upon 
two parts of this Association I shall obey your Order & 
sign it with alacrity — if I subscribe with mental reser- 
vations I shall be criminal in my own view & subject my 
self to the charge on some future day of hypocrisy & 

^In the handwriting of Henry Laurens, president of the Congress. 



dissimulation— This Paper Gentlemen, is in its nature & 
may be in its consequences the most important of any to 
which my signature has been annexed, I compare it to 
my last Will & Testament but with these awful distinc- 
tions — the former is signed by my hand & sealed with a 
bit of common black Wax — this is to be signed by my 
hand & may be Sealed with my Blood — by the former I 
transmit my Estate to my Children according to my own 
Will — by signing this I may forfeit my Estate into the 
hands of my Enemies. An engagement of this magni- 
tude, requires some consideration — & although I hold 
my self bound by the Majority of Voices for signing it 
in its present state I cannot agree with some Gentlemen 
who have declared their dissent to the insertion of cer- 
tain words expressive of our "Duty & Loyalty" to the 
King, nor with those who according to the bare Letter 
of this Association would persuade us that we ought 
to hold indiscriminately every Man who shall refuse to 
sign it Inimical to the liberty of the Colonies— I have 
not premeditated a Speech for this occasion, I have 
thought much of the subject— my words will flow from 
the Heart — I am not anxious to influence any Man— I 
have concerted measures with no Man— what I have to 
offer will afford no subject for debate, I therefore hope 
for & humbly claim a patient hearing & a candid inter- 
prretation of my sentiments — 

f The View was general — " Hear the Chair — go on 
g^n. J go on" but I clearly perceived by the discomposure 

] of a few countenances — displeasure was raised in 

[ as many hearts. 
The flrst part Gentlemen on which I am desirous of ex- 
plaining my own thoughts — is the introduction of our 
selves, as " Subscribers & Inhabitants of this Colony." 
in preference to a proposed amendment by adding these 
words " His Majesty's most dutiful & Loyal subjects " 
I attended to your debates, it was my Duty to do so 


without the interposition of my private opinions — I re- 
marked that Gentlemen from all parts of the House 
approved of the Motion for inserting the proposed de- 
claration of Duty & Loyalty to the King — these were at 
one time told that such a declaration in the Body of a 
Contract to bear Arms against the King would be "absurd" 
— "contradictory" — at other times they were quieted by 
assurances that "the profession of Loyalty was implied 
& to be understood " that "our Association was only for 
defence." upon the whole I was convinced that the pro- 
posed declaration was pleasing & acceptable to a great 
number probably to a large Majority of Members, very 
few I believe would have appeared against it upon a 
Question— I was among the former & have reserved my 
self, to make the declaration explicitly, immediately 
before I put my Name to this Paper. — Gentlemen— I 
have taken & repeatedly taken the Oath of Allegiance 
to King George the third — I now profess to be one of 
His Majesty's most dutiful & Loyal subjects, willing at 
all times to do my utmost in defence of His Person 
Crown & Dignity— I neither wish his Death nor to re- 
move him from the Throne, the Crown from his Head or 
the Sceptre from his hand, I pray for his Life, that he 
may at a long distant Day transmit the Crown & Sceptre 
to the only true & Legal Hereditary Heir in the Line of 
the Royal House of Hanover— by Covenanting in this 
Paper " to go forth, to bear Arms, & to repel force by 
force" I mean to act in terms of my Oath of Alle- 
giance—His Majesty has been misinformed: 111 advised 
by some of our fellow subjects, who are His Majesty's 
Enemies & the Enemies of his faithful Americans, against 
these I am willing & shall be willing to bear Arms & to 
repel force by force in any Command suitable to my 
Rank, whenever such shall appear in hostile Acts against 
my Country — against every invader of our Rights & 
Liberties I shall be ready to make all possible opposition 


—I shall do SO with the greater cheerfulness from a 
strong hope of being Instrumental in restoring to His 
Majesty His undoubted Right of Reigning over a vast 
Empire of Freeman of recovering to him the Possession 
of the Hearts of Millions of his faithful Subjects of 
which he has been robbed by the machinations of a few 
Wicked Men who falsely call themselves his friends.— 
These Gentlemen are the genuine sentiments of my 
Breast, I know the declaration will however, avail me 
nothing, if we fail of success in our attempts to defend 
our Rights— the longest Sword if a Wicked Ministry are 
to be gratified will measure & establish Right, Declara- 
tions by the Conquored will be treated as mere pretences 
of Loyalty & heard with Contempt; nevertheless I feel 
some satisfaction at present & may find Consolation upon 
a future day, if I should be reduced to a necessity of 
making explanations from a higher eminence than the 
Pedestal on which I now stand. 

The second part of this Association on which I desire to 
explain my self before I subscribe, is the late subjoined 
declaration thaty ** we will hold all those Persons Inimical 
to the Liberty of the Colonies who shall refuse to sub- 
scribe,'' this is a Doctrine Gentlemen which was also, as 
I well remember, very much disrelished by many of our 
Members— to me in its fullest extent & according to an 
*opinion just now delivered by a Gentleman behind the 
Chair it is abhorrent & detestable 
I should be a mean wretch if I subscribed to it through 
fear with mental reservations; I should be a dishonest 
Man, a Villain if I did so before I had made this open 
declaration; that I hold it possible— I think it probable 

*My Neighbour D Legare— I hope we shall hold every Man an Enemy 
who will not sign, hold him so forever & have no dealings— some told 
me they would not subscribe to Boston now we will tell them you shall 
subscribe to this — this horrible tyrannical putt met great applause, & 
provoked me to trouble the Congress & you with this hodge podge — 


— I know it Certain— that there are Men who are not 
Inimical — I wish we had expressed our meaning by an 
English word, I believe this is not to be found in any of 
our vulgar Dictionaries, & some of us in remote parts of 
the Country may not be possessed of a Latin Vocabu- 
lary — I say Gentlemen, there are certain Men who are 
not Enemies to their Country — who are friends to all 
America — who were born among us — some who have 
lived to a longer* a date than that by which the Royal 
Psalmist limits the Life of Man — they are upwards of 
threescore Years & ten — ^whose whole Lives have been 
spent in Acts of benignity & public service, Acts which 
prove beyond all Controversy their Love for their Coun- 
try — ^such Men there are who when you present this 
Paper to them will tell you — they are true friends to 
America — they acknowledge that we are greatly ag- 
grieved & oppressed — they wish well to our Cause — are 
willing to give up their fortunes as security for their 
good behaviour & in testimony of their sincerity — but 
that they cannot, they dare not, for many reasons sub- 
scribe to the Association — I do not recollect one tis true 
—but there may be among us some Quakers or Men of 
Quaker principles on the Lawfulness of going to War & 
especially Civil War, Men who confide in the goodness 
of our Cause & the overruling Providence of God — such 
Men may refuse to subscribe this Covenant & yet give 
you the most indubitable proofs of their friendship & 
good will towards the Colonies.— 
Other Men there are, who are not less friendly to America 
than we ourselves — but who think we have precipitated 
a Measure which ought to have been delayed at least 
until we had received some advices from our Continental 
Congress; from our own Delegates; in whom we have 
lodged our whole Power & solemnly engaged to be bound 

*as good old M*" Manigault, Elias Ball & many others were in my 


by their determinations— of this Class of refusers, there 
may be some who are such staunch such vigorous friends, 
as will without hesitation declare they are willing to 
Bleed & Die in defence of the just Rights of the Colo- 
nies when the proper times arrives, but that we are pre- 
mature — we are too hasty— Can I then Gentlemen 
implicitly sign a Paper— anathematize good Men— & 
declare those to be Enemies whom I believe & know to 
be our friends ? I cannot be such a Fool — I dare not be 
such a Villain.— I hate all Dogmatic & arbitrary dictates 
over Mens Consciences— here Gentlemen is a Book— 
from which we have heard Prayers, an Orthodox Book 
in which I find a Doctrine similar to that which I now 
object to in our intend- intended Association— "Which 
Faith except every one do keep whole & undefiled with- 
out doubt he shall perish Everlastingly" Long was this 
Athenasian Test, a stumbling block in the Cause of Re- 
ligion in general, a bar to the honour & prosperity of the 
Church established by Law — upon that foundation Deists 
erected their batteries, Luke warm Christians pleaded 
for their indifferences— how said such Men can a Reli- 
gion which contains such unmerciful Doctrines be true, 
or acceptable to Mankind?— Honest minded Men of 
nervous & fervorous Zeal for the same religion — aban- 
doned & detested that Church which maintained such 
intolerant damnating tenets, as essential to Salvation. 

When I was a Boy before there were any settled prin- 
ciples of Religion in my mind, I have heard my Father 
& my Mother & many other good old People profess that 
Creed with great warmth of Devotion — I, at the same 
time inwardly exclaiming — this can't be true — I cannot 
believe it— I would not join the bigots to Mother Church, 
at length the day came when that Church tacitly Repro- 
bated her favorite system which stands in her Common 
Prayer as the stated Test of Orthodox Faith to be made 
on certain solemn Days — of which this happens to be 


one — it is no more heard — our Churches are silent — and 
— (here I was going on to draw a parallel between the 
Reprobatory Clauses in our Association & the Creed of 
S*. Athanasius, but M". Parson Tenant very rudely inter- 
rupted me— "the Chair" said he "is out of order" — "I 
think the Chair is out of order" — I begged his Pardon 
"I had permission to speak & was as I humbly conceived 
in very good order" — he proceeded in attempting to con- 
fuse me — I exclaimed, "I will speak, I will be heard or I 
will be the first Man who will refuse to sign your Paper, 
I speak not merely as Your President, I speak as a Mem- 
ber as a Freeman— if I am not heard as a Man, I will not 
sign as your President — the utmost of your resentment 
will be to take my Life — ^take it & deprive me of a very 
few Years— I will not hold a Life upon dishonorable 
terms — I will not be forced to sign any Paper contrary 
to the dictates of my Conscience to save my Life — the 
universal Voice was "go on M'. President", "go on" — 
"Hear the Chair" "Hear the Chair") 
After a moments Pause I concluded — Gentlemen I meant 
to say in a few words, that I could not, I dared not pro- 
mise to hold any Man an Enemy to the Colonies, if I 
knew him to be a friend— merely because he would not 
at first asking subscribe this Association which I hold in 
my hand— I have proved what we all know that many 
Cases may exist, if refusal to sign this Paper by Men 
who are firm friends to our cause — but perhaps my ab- 
horrence to intolerant doctrines may not be palatable to 
some Gentlemen, nor my reasoning allowed to be appli- 
cable to our present Case because I have referred only 
to my own feelings & to one Instance of arbitrary Rule 
over the Consciences of Men in Tenets of Religion— 
Permit me therefore to produce one Instance of Noble 
toleration in the Political walk — an example which 
greatly influences my mind & which I recommend as 
worthy our imitation— I remember to have read an an- 


ecdote in Dalrymple's Memoirs & have been reading it 
this Morning of an Ancestor of the late Lord Lyttelton 
— Sir Charles — who had been an Officer of distinction 
under King James 2^ — & had also been active in the 
Revolution & bringing in the Prince of Orange — when 
that Prince was seated on the Throne & declared King 
of England, he offered Sir Charles a Regiment in Flan- 
ders & to make him a Major General — Sir Charles de- 
clined the promotion — The King desired to know why- 
he refused ? — He answered, "because I am under great 
obligation to my old Master, I hear he will be there; if 
he should be in the Camp I dare not trust my self — I 
fear I should go over to him" — The King replied — "You 
are a Man of honour Sir Charles — you act upon princi- 
ple; don't disturb the Government & we shall be very 
good friends" 

This example of toleration I say is worthy of our imi- 
tation I would not mean to prescribe for other Gentle- 
men, but I declare the Spirit of persecution is hateful to 
me, it is impossible for me to cherish it. Men may agree 
in general & in the grand essential points but no two 
Men believe in all points exactly alike — some Men** can 
swallow the doctrine of Predestination without a gulp 
who hold that of transubstantiation ab[break] & blas- 
phemous — I have been led Gentlemen into these particu- 
lars by that declaration which I heard from behind the 
Chair— "that we should that we ought to, hold every 
Man without exception who should refuse to sign the 

**_]y[r^ Tennant I am told holds the most absolute & rigid principles 
of the Doctrine of Predestination— he claims toleration, he is entitled 
to it — but alas! from my short acquaintance with him I have found 
him totally void of Charity for other Men. — 

You will remember that if Dan Legare's abominable Resolution to 
disgrace & ruin two or three of my friends & friends of America— & 
one in particular to whom he pointed — had not been vomited forth in 
the most uncharitable unChristian terms — I should not have spoken 
twenty words— so many would have been sufficient for my purpose— 


Association, an Enemy'^ — "hold him an Enemy & forbear 
all dealings or intercourse with him for Ever."— Gentle- 
men 'tis impossible for me to sign upon such terms, I 
am, as I have repeatedly said, certain that some will re- 
fuse to sign who are friends to our Cause; if I know a 
Man to be our friend how can I be so base as to stigma- 
tize him by the harsh epithet of Enemy — but under- 
stand me right, I mean no unfavorable salvo for par- 
ticular purposes No — I shall in all cases exercise my 
judgement & make an honest determination — I think I 
shall be able to distinguish between mere pretences of 
Men who have never given any proofs of their friendship 
or attachment & those whose Lives have been devoted to 
the service of our Country. I say I shall make the 
proper distinction & determine accordingly — And Now 
under these necessary explanations of my Duty & 
Loyalty to my King & Charity for my Neighbours I 
will cheerfully subscribe this Association with my hand 
& upon proper occasion be ready to seal it with my 

& then without a shaking hand I signed — 

Henry Laurens. 
Endorsed: Transactions 4*^ June 1775 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.^ 


[The following letters, written from Charles Town 
during the early years of the eighteenth century, furnish 
some insight into the times and give a little Brailsf ord 
family history. The abstract of the will of Edmund 
Brailsf ord, which was published in the fifth volume of 
this magazine, shows that he had, besides the son Edmund 
mentioned frequently in these letters, four sons, John, 
Joseph, Morton and Samuel. The will was made March 
24, 1730, and probated April 21, 1733. These copies have 
been made from some very old copies in the possession 
of Mr. Morton Brailsford Paine, of Charleston, who has 
kindly permitted them to be copied for use here.] 

S*"- Carolina [Date erased^] 
Hono Sir 

I have ever had great desires, & have often 
wrot to you what might be called a Letter; but fearful 
of their being tiresome, have thrown them by content- 
ing myself with acquainting you now & then by a [word 
missing] that I was Living./ This has at Length pro- 
duced a Line from you, which made heart rejoice when 
I cast my Eye on; but when I had read the contents, I 
could have wish'd I had Look'd on no more than your 
name./ There are indeed the words Father & son, but 
the affliction is, that you should remember the relation 
I bear to you, & forget the Affection is due to it./ 

I think on my Disobedience in marrying against your 
consent, even while I am writing this: & put as much 

^But evidently about 1710, since his eldest son was about fifteen in 


on that score as you will please to Lay: but as it is now 
SO long since, & that you are never likely to see me again; 
I might I should think hope to have it remembred with 
Less Resentment./ 

I will not offend you so far as to say I do not deserve all 
this; but a tender heart (& such sure a parent's is to his 
Child) cannot but with uneasiness to itself punish with 
severity./ It will be always Looking for something to 
Excuse, & even where it cannot find it, melt into Pity, 
& forgive where their Judgment tells them it is a weak- 
ness so to do./ I am speaking of that which of all things 
is nearest my heart; & you will not I hope be offended 
if with all humility I endeavour, to make my crime as 
Excusable as be./ 

You did not I believe deny your consent to my marriage 
for none other reasons, than that you would not because 
you would not. Something you had been told: what I 
never knew: but that it may not be worse than I sup- 
pose, I will imagine it to be want of Fortune & character 
in the woman./ The first I acknowledge the Truth of, 
'tho^ should I gainsay it, it would be difficult to convict 
me: for I have Liv'd in all Good Credit, & under such 
Losses & Disappointments as you would slowly believe./ 
True indeed it is not in such a Country as I have Left, 
nor in the Affluence my Brother & sisters may do, but if 
this be a crime, it may be as chargeable on your par- 
tiality as anything else./ my wifes ffather its 
True do any thing for his children by way of Fortune, 
but in their Education, & it has so pleas'd God that they 
are in good circumstances without it./ He was twice 
Reduced by Fire, & put again in the World by a near 
Relation, who afterwards needing a ffriend himself, his 
Gratitude in doing for him is the reason why he is not 
better able to do for his Children./ and 'though poverty 
be a most scandalous Vice, yet there is not surely much 
Guilt in this./ 


To her character, as I do not know in what particular it 
suffers with you, so it is impossible for me to speak to 
it./ This only that she has so well play'd the hypocrite, 
that to me it as well as if she was as good as she seems; 
& she has so put upon this Part of the World, that every 
lady thinks her good enough for me./ 

In the Letter was sent to my aunt & which she gave 
to you; it was I remember told to her: That my wifes 
uncle was a sharper of the Town, & that I should be 
ruin'd if I proceeded./ Without saying whether he was 
so or not so; This uncle of hers is a man who married 
her mothers half sister & what too if he had been as 
Ignorant & malicious, as the person who penned that 
doughty Letter: would that effect her./ But the occa- 
sion of my mentioning it is that I think such Barefac'd 
malice should have so far made you to scruple the Truth 
of any Evil you had heard of her as to have Enquired 
into it which I know you could not have done but would 
have found it to have been false & I make no doubt but 
that she will at the Last day appear to the confusion of 
those who have done me & her this hurt./ Now S': if 
what I have been Speaking to were your reasons (& none 
Less I think can be reasons for Parents are not cause- 
ilesly to Fret their children) The Last as it was grounded 
on a mistake ceases to be any: and for the first however 
it might seem to you heretofore it cannot surely be of 
any great weight with you now. for had I your consent 
[in what S": could you have blam'd my marriage Do but 

ik your heart (when it is Least against me) that Ques- 
[tion & I dare abide by what it says./ 
The same Fact has not always the same Guilt; different 
[circumstances may so alter it that it may be alike in 
'nothing but the name./ I have been Disobedient which 
[nothing can justifie, but should hope it has as few acci- 

lents to aggravate it as a Crime of that nature will 


admit: none at Lest more than what a ffather's affection 
might forgive: & was not your heart Estranged from me 
I [several words obliterated] would not only Listen to 
what I have said, but think on many things in my favour 
which it becomes not me to mention, for it is a nice 
Thing to speak of onesself as dangerous to Implead a 
Father, & if this brings nothing to your mind I must 
speak more plain./ All I shall say father is, That if you 
had been pleased to have forgiven me & I had been to 
you as your other Children I should ever have acknow- 
ledged it as of your Indulgence, but as it is I surely have 
some reason to Complain./ I know not that in any thing 
else I ever offended you more than your other Children 
& to throw me away for one Transgression betrays a 
great willingness to part with me It is however my 
duty still to sue to you for forgiveness which I do & with 
my prayers to almighty God for you am &c — 
under Cover of M' Geo Brailsf ord 
^ Cap* Penhallow./ 

S''- Carolina [Date destroyed] 
Honored Sir, 

[First part torn]n after my arrival promis- 
ing to be more particular in my next, which I am in some 
measure prevented in by having Lately been visited by 
a Fever, which tho I thank God am now perfectly re- 
covered from, yet it has so put me by in my Business, 
that cannot well spare any time from that./ We had for 
the main a comfortable passage hither, but not without 
the Extremest danger of perishing by Tempest & falling 
into the hands of pirates./ No words can discribe the 
rage of the winds & sea./ The steers man was blown 
from the Helm, to the farther part of the ship, & the one 
sail we had out, went away as so much muslin./ Every 


thing was in that disorder within, & fury without that 
all joyn'd in the Cry, We are Lost./ The storm began 
about 2 Clock in the morning, & the most dreadful part 
was before day, for the heavens were without the Least 
glimmering of Light, but what it rec'd from frequent 
fflashes of Lightning, which served to shew its dismal 
hue; but nothing of Thunder could be heard for the 
greater one of wind & sea./ We were (as the Psalmist 
describes it) carried up to the heavens & down again to 
the deep, our souls melted away because of the trouble: 
but God heard our cry, he delivered us out of our Dis- 
tress, & in his own good time brought us unto thy Haven 
where we would be./ From this time 'till we were near 
our port, nothing disturbed us but our fears of the like, 
& pirates, & then overnight we saw a sail, w'^. the next 
morning was directly a head of us lying by for us./ This 
alarm'd us again, & every thing was made ready for an 
Engagement, but to our comfort, we found the poor peo- 
ple instead of taking us, had 3 or 4 days before been 
taken by a pirate, which by their acco*. we saw at that 
time, but it being in the close of the evening, & at a great 
distance, we judg'd he might not see us./ What makes 
this the more probable is, that at that time the Corpse 
of a Fresh murder'd pass'd by us./ This vessel was bound 
for Carolina, & came from England in the Month of 
June, as did another who arrived but a Week or 10 Days 
before us./ Thus has it pleas'd almighty God, not only 
to preserve us in great danger, but to send us to our 
desired port in three Months less time than others./ God 
grant that this his mercy may for ever be on our hearts. 
Ned was very sea sick for the greatest part of the voy- 
age but Jack & Joe never./ They have all had good 
health since their arrival, and are amongst those who 
are glad of their Return./ 

I find my Affairs in as bad a Condition as they can 
well be, & the Trade so over done as that I cannot En- 


courage any one to send Goods to me; and what in this 
circumstance to do I dont know father./ Ned is at 
present with me helping towards getting in what I can. 
I have asked him why he does not write you & my aunt 
but I do not know Wherefore./ I employ him to write 
this & he may add to it what he thinks fit./ Mine & Chil- 
drens duty is to you, & my aunt, with all our thanks for 
our obligations to her./ I can hardly expect to hear from 
your & her but I shall always desire it./ I am 
Hono^' Sir 

Your ever Affectionate & 
Dutiful Son 

Edm*^ Brailsf ord 

London Feb''^- 7\ 1726/7 
Dear Son 

I dont doubt but your Wife has given you an 
account of the death of your aunt & what she Left your 
son Edward & the Executors doth desire he may be sent 
to England & I do require the same upon my Blessing 
& if he should desire to return to you again I will give 
my consent to it, my Sister has left to your other 4 sons 
£50 each to be paid them after my death but for your 
good thinking it may be an advantage to you I am will- 
ing to let you have the £200 pounds paid you as you shall 
direct me to pay it giving me a discharge for the same 
I desire Ted may see this Letter./ 

Your Affec: Father Ed: Brailsford./ 

Hono^*' Sir 

The 5*^ May I reed yours under cover of one 
from M' Rouse to M' Rhett, acquainting me the decease 


of my Aunt Brailsf ord, & the will of my Son's guardians 
that he should return to England./ In the first place, I 
do not think that any Bequest can convey a Title to any 
person to Supersede that propriety & Jurisdiction the 
Nature of the relation gives a parent in & over his 
child./ And I am as far from thinking the Losing his 
TIME HERE, good reason for the so sending for him; be- 
cause, whether he has Lost his time, or has not, is a 
matter utterly impossible to be known to those persons 
who make it an argument./ But when S': you know, 
that he did Lose his time in England, & I know that all 
he does know is from me, it turns the argument for his 
continuing here./ It is not therefore that I think the 
Executors have any right to call him from me, or that I 
do so plainly as they see, that it will be for his Interest 
to returne, that I determine to send him, but (for Less 
reasons) to remove all occassion of thinking Evil, & to 
shew, that I dare have my Behaviour enquired into, of 
that very person on whose account it is arraigned./ Thus 
far S':, to you as in concert with the Executors & I now 
turn to you as my ff ather, beseeching you to hear me 
patiently & with an unprejudic'd mind: with supposals 
that I may have been unkindly us'd, & may not have, 
merited those doubts & questionings of Comon honesty 
in me./ And because we do not readily part with an 
opinion once received, I must prevail with you to lay this 
aside, 'till you can in some measure bring your self so 
to do./ 

I will not enquire S': for what reasons you should 
think it necessary to say I require you on my Blessing 
TO SEND HIM HOME, but I may ask wherefore you should 
so suspect my concealing the receipt of that Letter as to 
send it under cover of another's, for witness: or that I 
should need be ordered, to Let my Son see that Let- 
ter./ Before I received this (for M' Rhett would not 


send it by the person who brought my other Letters from 
Town) I read to my Son what my Wife wrot in relation 
to my aunts decease &c and told him if I found the Ex- 
ecutors so earnest for his return to England, as she & 
M": Rhett seem'd to say, he should go./ so that there did 
not happen to be any occasion either for that great cau- 
tion or severe Injunction./ and as if all this fore-cast &c 
were not enough M' Rouse (at the desire I suppose of 
M'': Webb) writes M': Rhett, to acquaint my son there- 
with./ It is hardly justifiable in M"': Webb to think Evil 
of a man she knows not but by name, but to express her 
jealousie in such a way, is striking at my character, & 
in an indirect manner telling the people here, that what- 
ever fair opinion they may have of me, those who know 
me better things./ 

It will be needless, S':, to say to you why I expected to 
have been remembered by my aunt in her Will; because 
though you do not know all she has said to me on that 
score, yet you do know that I had all the reason in the 
world: all that the word of a person so devotedly reli- 
gious could give./ And therefore, when from being not 
only a Legatee but an Executor, my Name is never men- 
tioned but to distinguish between my children; & when 
father one of them is taken from me to be put into better 
hands, & you Left your Love should prompt to do some- 
thing for me that was not intended are secluded from 
any thing to do therein, I have [about ten words missing] 
at place, & then the argument is mine./ And to make 
this good, I will tell you S': a truth I should not dare, 
but that I expect to have it confirmed by my son, & it is. 
That he could not when he came to me read a chapter in 
the Bible./ I must return to my former proof. Ask him, 
S':./ Ask him if I have not heard him as a child, & with 
great patience attended to his repeating a word (it may 
be) fifty times together to inure his mouth to the proper 



pronunciation./ Now S': you that he has had from his 
Infancy all the ordinary means of Learning, (I have 
heard you say (I think) more than ordinary) & is not 
this having Lost his time? Losing it where he is now sent 
for to? Or is there, who will take more care that he 
does not now, than you have heretofore done? 
It is not my design to say more of, or enquire farther 
into things than may just serve to acquit my self & I 
shall therefore leave this, with this; & speak a word or 
two to an accusation of M"': Webb's; which because in 
your hearing deserves that notice./ Her words (my 
Wife writes me) are Madam I intend to send for your 
son./ I do not approve his spending his time as he used 
to do, in going on his ffathers Errands & waiting on his 
Brothers, that he was made a perfect lackey, & sent from 
one end of the Town to the other, & then to M"': Thorp's 
to dinner./ It is I say S': besides my purpose to give you 
trouble more than what the acquitting my self to you 
makes necessary; & I therefore pass imediately to the 
accusing part./ I may I think send my son on my Er- 
rands without being said why to by any one./ 
But it is false in fact: (in the sence I mean it is spoke of) 
I had no Errands to send him on till the lime of my pre- 
paring to come hither, & that was rather going with, 
than being sent by me./ If he came to the house where 
I was so kindly Entertained, he was I dare say always 
ask'd to meat, & I shall not forget, as kindly Entreated 
to stay when he made offer of going./ Some times we 
parted at a different part of the Town, & if at these 
times he did go home to Eat what he paid for, it might 
have been put up without being made a complaint of 
from my Cousin Thorp, or matter of accusation from 
M'': Webb / For waiting on his Brother, I return to my 
old argument, Ask him./ And I do not in these matters 
appeal to him, from having tuteur'd him what to say 


(for I will not have so much as ask'd him the questions) 
but in confidence of the truth, & that he will be so just 
as to say the truth./ But when such things are thought 
worth the saying, & nothing worse is said it is a negative 
argument that I am no 111 Father./ 
One thing more, & I then have answered to all that I 
know is said to my prejudice; & that is, my Son not 
writing to his aunt./ For this again I appeal to him./ But 
as it is matter of self accusation, he may be a Little shy 
in saying all the truth, & therefore I will give you some 
questions to put to him; & what I would are. If I have 
not reasoned, if I have scolded, if I have not as it were 
put the pen in his hand if I did in a Letter to my aunt 
write these words *I have ask'd my Son Ned why he 
does not write to you & I set him to transcribe this to 
put an opportunity into his hands, & to shew myself 
blameless on that account; & that he be under no appre- 
hension of my Looking into what he does write, he shall 
have the sealing & delivery of this himself./ More than 
this I cann't do./ Ask him S"": if he did not write seal 
& deliver this very Letter./ And farther if he did not 
transcribe one of my Letters to my Wife some time 
after, in which I gave her the history of my Endeavours 
to prevail on him./ I think more need not be said./ 
And now S': upon the whole./ Will any one that reads 
this mighty Charge— can you S"*:, think but that I might 
be trusted with my Son? Or if there be other reason, 
why is it not brought forth? Why must I be suspected 
as a Knave, & it not be said Wherefore ? Why must I 
DO NOT APPROVE sorvo instead of all that satisfaction 
ought to be given a parent in this case: & your authority 
made use of to supply what is wanting? I should be a 
worse ff ather than I care to own, if I am not as good a 
ffriend as any my Son has./ I will not suppose better 
(tho that it were as Easy for me to do as another) be- 



cause this will be sufficient for my present purpose; 
which is to give some reasons why he should not go for 
England, & consequently why he should remain here./ 
The first is that he is past age to Improve his ff ortune 
in the world./ The second, that he is of an age that calls 
for the greatest watchfulness overll prying into all his 
ways./ I chuse & shall confine myself to these two as 
they affect his temporal & eternal Interest; & which if 
I can prove are provided for here, he is taken from me 
not only without reason but against all good reason./ And 
because I will not crave any suppositions in my favour, 

1 shall attempt to prove in this wise./ My son went to 
M' SnelFs School, till he would take no more for his 
schooling./ He there went through all the Rules in 
course to decimal, & in that (I see) the several branches 
of mensuration; but in all this he mov'd as a machine 
without knowing the Laws of its own motion./ But be- 
cause generals are not so demonstrative, I will Instance 
in this particular./ I gave him a Bond with 3 or 4 pay- 
ments made on it, & requier'd to know what remained 
due./ he employed himself a day & a half & then with 
great diffidence brought it & told me, he had never done 
such a thing./ Now as he who teaches his scholar why 

2 & 2 makes 4 does more towards making him a practi- 
cal Arithmetician, than by Carrying him through all the 
Rules in Algebra without it; & where-as my Son is igno- 
rant of the rudiments & first principles of things (as if 
in [word gone], it may be granted) I may without as- 
suming to myself say, I am a good as well as only master 
for him./ So far forth (I mean) as I conceive his Cir- 
cumstances in the world make necessary./ For the re- 
maining part Viz his being taught to improve his ff or- 
tune in the world he is I say past age to Learn of any 
but my self, & it will not I think be said but I can teach 
him./ I could, & in such a manner as he might know 


how to improve his ffortune by seeing how it was im- 
proved./ Add to this that it does not require so much 
skill to Trade here & the advantage is greater & Less 
precarious./ As an argument of the Latter, I need only 
tell you that the Statute Interest is 10 ^ Ct: ^ annum./ 
I have my Eye on what may be objected to this, but it is 
Endless to answer people's may he's 
For the second reason, I shall only say the Snares & 
Temptations are not so many or great here, & a mans 
ways cannot be hid./ A parent can correct as well as 
advise; can interpose with his authority when need is, 
which it is odds but at one or other there will be occa- 
sion for whither my son is going»/ 
This Little shall suffice for this particular, because any 
ones thoughts will suggest much more./ I am not so 
fond of any of my children but I could part with them, 
& for ever, for their good but if I could give what my 
son ned has given him, I would not part with them for 
all the promises of riches & honour: not only as I should 
fear from having their Innocence exposed, as that I 
make a huge difference between hearing they do well, 
& seeing it./ And now S": if Evil should come of this./ 
If the removing my son out of harm's way should chance 
to be putting him into it; will the Innocency of M'': 
Webb's intentions satisfie me any thing for the Loss of 
my child ? I may then take him./ Must take him./ And 
for this reason if none other, I should have been con- 

I DO NOT APPROVE, does not at all convince my reason 
& 1 should (I think) have kept my son 'till she had ap- 
prov'd his Being here, if you had not come into her 
assistance./ I once gave him up to your Tears & I now 
send him in obedience to your command./ This I hope 
you will remember 
As I do not know how far my aunt was Left to her own 


sentiments in cancelling that will she occasionally us'd 
to bid me hope from, I will not adventure to speak more 
particularly than I have done./ Only I have that rever- 
ence for her memory that I could think any thing rather 
than she meant to deceive, or that she did not account a 
promise of this sort an indispensible obligation upon 
her./ I think I saw her once in this circumstance when 
you ask'd why she would Leave such a one as she said./ 
Nothing happens of chance & with that I shall close all 
I have said./ My wife S'': tells me that in a conference 
between you (at which M"': Webb assisted) you was so 
good to promise her £200./ And you write me that you 
will pay my children's Legacy; for which I thank you on 
my Knees./ The conditions I understand are, that you 
be no more sollicited, & that my wife goes for Carolina./ 
I have given directions for the Latter & as an Earnest 
that I mean to perform the former I will not so much as 
say how much I need it./ I have given my wife power 
to receive it; & such (I think) as is to all intents need- 
ful./ If it should want of form my hand to this shall be 
as to an obligation of any kind./ My children's Legacy 
cannot be ask'd of you, & if you please to pay what you 
are not obliged, what more hurt can there be than your 
Losing the Interest money./ I wish this Letter was not 
so Long: but what I have been speaking to is of great 
concernment to me, & I have in some things denied my 
self./ I pray god bless you./ My children join in pre- 
senting our duty & craving your blessing./ I am 
Pater June 1727 
^ my Son Ned./ 

CAROLINA, 1692-1700. 

By A. S. Salley, Jr. 

[Most of the records of the Court of Ordinary of the 
Province of South CaroHna (1670-1776) are now kept in 
the office of the Judge of Probate of Charleston County. 
Many of the original wills and administration papers 
were formerly filed there also, but most of these were 
lost during the State's Rights War and the Reconstruc- 
tion nightmare. Many records were scattered and some 
irretrievably lost, but the bulk of them are extant and 
in that office. During the provincial period the Gover- 
nor of the Province was Ordinary also, his full title 
being: "Captain-General, Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief in and over the Province of South Carolina and 
Ordinary for the same.'' 

The earliest records of the Court of Ordinary were 
kept in books containing miscellaneous records, but in 
1692 a separate volume was given to the records of the 
Court of Ordinary. This book became mutilated and 
was rebound many years ago, and the pages were mixed 
up, and some loose pages of some other volumes were 
carelessly bound into it and the pagination of the whole 
volume changed to suit the order, or rather lack of it, 
produced by the injected pages. The numbers in paren- 
theses after each abstract refer to the renumbered pages 
of the volume which originally contained only the records 
of the Court of Ordinary from 1692 to 1700.] 

July 20, 1692, Abraham Waight, of the province of Car- 
olina deeded to his son, Abraham Waight, a negro woman 
named Moll in place of a woman named Rose which had 


been bequeathed to him by his aunt, Sarah Waight, late 
of CaroHna, deceased: Witnesses: Richard Baker and 
John Ladson. (Page 1.) 

January 13, 1692-93, Nicholas Townsend and Stephen 
Williamson, guardians of Shenasan Hill, orphan of 
Thomas Hill, deceased, entered caveat in behalf of the 
said orphan to all of the estate of Thomas Hill, late of 
Carolina, deceased, and asked for letters of administra- 
tion as next of kin. (Page 2.) 

January 15, 1692-93, Mrs. Rachel Sullivan, widow, en- 
tered caveat to the personal estate of John Sullivan, 
deceased, and asked for letters of administration. (Ibid.) 
January 25, 1692-93, Mrs. Anne Cartrite, widow, entered 
caveat to the personal estate of Hugh Cartrite, deceased, 
and asked for letters of administration. (Ibid.) 
March 8, 1692-93, Nicholas Townsend and Stephen Wil- 
liamson renounced, as guardians of Shenasan Hill, ad- 
ministratorship of the estate of Thomas Hill, deceased, 
in discharge of the caveat previously entered for that 
purpose. (Ibid.) 

June 6, 1693, Philip Mullins, gentleman, entered caveat 
to the estate of John Powys, gentleman, deceased, and 
prayed for letters of administration as principal creditor 
to the amount of £165. (Ibid.) 

June 28, 1693, Ralph Williamson entered his caveat to 
the estate of John Powys, gentleman, deceased, and 
prayed for letters of administration for £80. (Ibid.) 
June 28, 1693, Christopher Linkley entered caveat to the 
estate of John Powys, gentleman, deceased, and prayed 
for letters of administration for £30. (Ibid.) 

The same day James Moore, Esq., entered his caveat 
on the same estate and asked for letters of administra- 
tion for £75. (Ibid.) 

July 30, 1694, Francis Fidling entered his caveat to the 
estate of Richard Phillips, deceased, and prayed for let- 


ters of administration for £40. due on a bond. (Page 2.) 
October 6, 1694, John Boyd, Esq., entered his caveat to 
the estate of Daniel Albert, deceased, and prayed for 
letters of administration for £60. due for funeral 
charges. (Page 2.) 

March 10, 1694-95, Mrs. Mary Capers, widow, relict of 
Richard Capers, late of the Province, deceased, entered 
caveat to the estate of her said deceased husband and 
prayed for letters of administration thereon. (Page 2.) 
April 17, 1695, Christopher Linkley, of Charles Town, 
entered caveat to the estate of John Meeke, carpenter, 
deceased, and prayed for letters of administration 
thereon. (Page 2.) 

May 27, 1695, Mrs. Elizabeth Schenckingh, widow, en- 
tered caveat to the estate of her son, Bernard Schenck- 
ingh, son of her deceased husband, Bernard Schenck- 
ingh, Esq., and prayed for letters of administration 
thereon. (Page 3.) 

May 31, 1695, William Smith, Esq., entered caveat to the 
estate of Bernard Schenckingh, deceased, son of Bernard 
Schenckingh, Esq., late of the Province, deceased, and 
prayed for letters of administration in right of his wife, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, eldest daughter of said Bernard 
Schenckingh, Esq. (Page 3.) 
September 9, 1695, William Williams entered caveat to 

the estate of Richard , deceased, and prayed 

for letters of administration thereon. (Page 3.) 
September 16, 1695, notice was given to persons desiring 
to take out warrants for lands at Sewee that they must 
notify Sir Nathaniel Johnson. (Page 3.) 
March 30, 1696, Mr. Seabrook entered a caveat to the 
estate of Martin Cobb, late of Colleton County, and 
asked for letters of administration. (Page 3.) 
November 12, 1696, Mrs. Eleanor Barliroun entered a 
caveat to the estate of Mr. Barliroun, deceased, late of 
Berkeley County. (Page 3.) 


May 10, 1697, Mrs. Margaret Leveinole entered a caveat 
to the estate of her husband Robert Leverenee, deceased. 
(Page 3.) 

June 4, 1697, Walter Snookley entered a caveat to the 
estate of Robert Leveinole. (Page 3.) 
October 23, 1697, Jane Willson, wife of Raf e Willson, 
entered a caveat to the estate of Philip Mulling, deceased, 
and prayed for letters of administration for £150. 
January 25, 1697 (1698, new style), Joanna Cole, wife of 
Robert Cole, deceased, entered a caveat to the estate of 
said Robert and prayed for letters of administration 
thereon. (Page 3.) 

March 22, 1697-98, John Williamson entered caveat to 
the estate of Isaac Morris and Margaret Morris, alias 
Copias, and prayed for letters of administration. (Page 4.) 
June 25, 1695, Mrs. Barker, in behalf of her husband, 
Thomas Barker, entered a caveat to the estate of Jane 
Futthy and prayed for letters of administration. 
(Page 4.) 

March 6, 1698-99, Capt. Thomas Mann in behalf of him- 
self and brother entered caveat to the estate of Joseph 
Ride, deceased, and prayed for letters of administration. 
(Page 5.) 

March, 6, 1698-99, Landgrave Joseph Morton, as admin- 
istrator of the estate of John Morton, Esq., entered 
caveat to the estate of Joseph Ride, deceased, and prayed 
for letters of administration. (Page 5.) 
March 9, 1698-99, James Stanyarne entered caveat to 
the same estate and asked for letters of administration. 
(Page 5.) 
September 8, 1699, Capt. Thomas Foster entered caveat 

to the estate of Young and asked for letters of 

administration. (Page 5.) 
October 21, 1699, Henry Wigington entered a caveat 

to the estate of Harwood, deceased, and asked 

for letters of administration, (Page 5.) 


October 24, 1699, Alice Burgo, executrix, Dove William- 
son and Abram Eve entered caveat to the same estate 
and asked for letters of administration. (Page 5.) 
The same day Capt. Thomas Foster entered caveat to the 
same estate and asked for letters of administration. 
(Page 5.) 

December 7, 1699, Madam Sarah Rhett entered caveat 
for the guardianship of Mr. Thomas Armory against all 
persons. (Page 5.) 

March 22, 1699-1700, Dr. Henry Bolt entered caveat to 
the estate of Richard Frampton, deceased, and prayed 
for letters of administration. The same day he entered 
a caveat for guardianship of Richard and Mary Framp- 
ton, children and orphans of said Richard. (Page 5.) 
June 20, 1700, Benjamin Lamboll, one of the executors 
of Greatbeach, for himself and the other execu- 
tors, entered a caveat to the estate of Robert Cole, de- 
ceased, for £10. and asked for letters of administration. 
(Page 5.) 

October 18, 1692, Governor Ludwell appointed Peter Le 
Salle, Isaac Callibeauff, Jeremy Cataneau, Jonas Bonnott 
and Noah Royer, appraisers of the estate of Pierre Ber- 
teran, with instructions to make an inventory thereof. 
(Page 10\) 

October 26, 1692, Mrs. Honoria Lawson, widow, relict 
and administratrix of Anthony Lawson, deceased, Jona- 
than Amory and Richard Capers, gentleman, executed a 
bond to Governor Ludwell in the sum of £2000. condi- 
tioned for the faithful and proper administration of the 
said estate by the said Honoria. Witness: J. Hobson. 
(Page 11.) 

The same day Governor Ludwell granted letters of 
administration on the said estate of Anthony Lawson to 

^ Pages 6, 7 and 8 blank. Will of Pierre Bertrand, recorded on pp. 
9-10, is printed in full in Transactions of the Huguenot Society of 
South Carolina, No. 10, pp. 34-37. 


Mrs. Honoria Lawson. (Page 131) 
The same day Governor Ludwell directed Richard Ca- 
pers, Anthony Shory, Charles Basden, John Lovell and 
William Smith to make an inventory and appraisement 
of the said estate. (Page 13.) 

January 20, 1689-90, John Mortimor, of Antigua, mer- 
chant, acknowledged the receipt of certain goods pur- 
chased from Josias DuPre and mentioned on an invoice 
then submitted by said DuPre. Witnesses: John 
Header, John Lovell and Jacques DuPre, who made an 
affidavit to that effect before Governor Ludwell. Re- 
corded by J. Hobson, December 3, 1692. (Pages 14-15.) 
October 14. 1692, Anne Bertrand, of Berkeley County, 
widow, and executrix of Peter Bertrand, deceased, ex- 
ecuted a power of attorney to her "Brother Gabriell 
Riboleau of Berkley County Cooper.'' Witnesses: Jonas 
Bonhoste, Noa Roye and Le Large. Proved before Wm. 
Smith by oath of Jonas Bonhoste and Noah Roger, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1693-94. Recorded the same day by John 
Hamilton, Deputy Secretary. (Page 16 ) 
Will of " Holland Axtell of Carolina Landgrave", made 
December 17, 1691, and proved before Governor Lud- 
well, May 4, 1692, gave mother, Rebecca Axtell, a negro 
man, named Guy, an Indian boy, named Nero, and all 
his cattle, horses and ready money riot otherwise be- 
queathed; brother-in-law, John Alexander, a diamond 
ring; brother-in-law, Francis Turgis, two cows, and two 
calves, his white mare, called Jenny, and her colt, and a 
silver medal of Olivers Putnor; sister, Ann Alexander, 
four silver salt cellers; sister, Mary Cuthbert, £5 to buy 
a ring; Thomas Graves, a cow and calf and a pocket 
pistol and a hone. Witnesses: B. Waring, Elizabeth 
Waring and John Stevens. (Page 17.) 

2Page 12 blank. 


The will of Pierre Perdriau, written in French. (Page 

January 10, 1692 (1693, new style), Sarah Hill, widow 
and administratrix of Thomas Hill, deceased, and Francis 
Fidling, victualler, and Findla Martin, victualler, gave 
bond to Governor Ludwell in the sum of £2000. for the 
faithful execution of the trust of administratrix on the 
estate of said Thomas Hill. (Page 19.) 
November 9, 1692, John Burden, and Edward Broughton, 
Secretary of the Council of Jamaica, certified that Wil- 
liam Prince, master of the sloop Diamond, belonged to 
subjects of England and requested that he be treated 
courteously wherever he should go and that he be ad- 
mitted to any port upon the payment of the customs 
dues. (Page 20.) 

April 27, 1683, Henry Sweeting acknowledged receipt of 
sundry goods and commodities to the value of £150, 6s. 
8d., sterling, first cost as they came out of England, from 
Gyles Russell, which he agreed to sell in New England. 
Witnesses: Samuel Atkins and Edward Mayo. Proved 
by affidavit of Samuel Atkins, before William Dunlop, 
May 23, 1688. (Page 21.) 

February 24, 1692 (1693, N. S.), Governor Ludwell 
granted letters of administration to Rachel Sullivan, 
widow of John Sullivan, deceased, on the estate of said 
John Sullivan. At the same time he directed Thomas 
Gudgerfield, James Hulbert, John Mell, Thomas Dalton 
and Burnaby Bull to make an inventory and appraise- 
ment of the said estate. (Page 22.) 
On the same day Mrs. Rachel Sullivan, James Hulbert 
and Thomas Rose executed their bond to Governor Lud- 
well in the sum of £2000. for Mrs. Sullivan^s faithful 
performance of the trust of executrix. 

^As this will has been published in full, with a translation thereof, 
in Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, No. 10 
(1903) , pp. 41-45, no abstract is given here. 


February 10, 1692 (1693), John Clapp, of the city of New 
York, gentleman, appointed his friend, Jonathan Amory 
"of Ashley River In the Province of South Caroling, 
Gentleman'', his attorney to sue and recover for him 
the debts due him in South Carolina and to give posses- 
sion to Mrs. Jane Cliff of the plantation which he had 
sold her. Witnesses: William Day and Richard Phillip. 
Proved by William Day, before Governor Smith, May 4, 
1692. Recorded by Paul Grimball, Secretary, April 12, 

In obedience to a warrant of appraisement from the 
governor bearing date January 3, 1692-93, Jacques Le 
Serurier, Henry Le Noble and P. la Salle submitted an 
inventory of the estate of Peter Perdriau, January 30, 
1692-93. (Pages 24-25.) 

John Pole, in a letter to John Ireland, dated "Boston: 16 
aug*. 1692", tells him that being master of the "Ketch 
Mary" he hopes he will endeavor to make the best im- 
provements he can for the advantage of all concerned; 
that when he arrives at Providence to be sure to settle 
at the best rate he can command and hasten for Carolina 
and from thence to Providence again or elsewhere with 
pork and beef and mind that he purchaf e three or four 
good negroes; that if money is convenient to remit 
some; that if he meets with an opportunity to sell the 
ketch to do so, &c. &c. — a power of attorney. (Page 26.) 
March 10, 1692-93, Mrs. Sarah Hill, administratrix of 
the estate of Thomas Hill, deceased, Daniel Bullman 
and John Young, executed their bond to Governor Lud- 
well in the sum of £2000. for Mrs. HilFs faithful execu- 
tion of the trust of administratrix. Witnesses: Nicholas 
Townsend and Stephen Williamson. (Page 27.) 
March 9, 1692-93, Governor Ludwell granted Mrs. Sarah 
Hill letters of administration on the estate of Thomas 
Hill, her deceased husband. 


At the same time he appointed William White, John 
Miles, Richard Butler, Leonard Hiskman and George 
Bentlett appraisers thereof, directing them to make an 
inventory of the same. (Page 28.) 
March 31, 1693, Thomas Elmes, administrator with the 
will annexed of Job Bishop, planter, deceased, Thomas 
Rose and Nicholas Marden, victualler, executed a bond 
to Governor Ludwell in the sum of £2000. for the faith- 
ful execution by Elmes of the trust of administrator of 
said estate. (Page 29.) 

{To be continued in the next number of this magazine.) 


Betts. — On the golf links at the Charleston Country 
Club (formerly Belvidere, the plantation of one of the 
branches of the Shubrick family) there is a solitary 
tombstone bearing the following inscription: 

In / Memory of / David B. Betts, / at native of New York who / was 
shot at Charlestown by / Accident Dec^ 26*^^ 1796 aged / 18 Years 7 
months & 2 Days. — / [Quotation.] 

Dr. Henry Woodward.— The following warrant, which 
is recorded in the warrant book for 1672-1692 (in the 
custody of the Historical Commission of South Caro- 
lina), furnishes evidence of the fact that Dr. Henry 
Woodward, of whom an account was published in the 
January issue of this magazine, had had a wife previ- 
ously to his marriage with Mrs. Mary (Godfrey) Browne: 

you are to admeasure and Lay out for Henry woodward gen*, in y^ 
Right of him Selfe and of Margaret his wife two hundred and fif tye 
acres af Land in Some place not yet Laid out or marked to be Laid 
out for any other person or use and if y® same happen upon any Nav- 
igable River or Rivers Capable to be maid Navigable you are to allow 
only y® fifth part of the Debt thereof by the water side and a Certifi- 
cate fully specifiing the bounds and sittuation thereof you are to returne 
to us with all Convenient speed dated 
y« 3* Jan-^y 1677 ) Joseph West 

To Cap*: Maurie Mathews ) Richard Conant John Godfrey 
Surveyr generall Steven Bull 

Richardson. — A great deal of erroneous matter has 
been put into print about Gen. Richard Richardson and 
his decendants. The following legal opinion, which is 
now in the hands of Probate Judge Thomas E. Richard- 
son, of Sumter, gives a few facts about the general and 
his children: 

Richard Richardson died leaving six sons and 3 Daughters, and by his 
last Will bearing date September 2'^. 1780 he gives to each of his Chil- 


dren Ten Negroes, and orders the surplus Negroes to be equally divi- 
ded among all his Children- By a Clause of his Will he gives to his 
sons John Peter Charles and Thomas all the rest and residue of his 
Lands, and in Case of the Death of either of the three last mentioned 
sons then his part shall descend to the surviving ones- Thomas the 
youngest son & child died under age- 

(Qure) Should his Propotion of the Personal Property descend to 
John Peter and Charles, or to all his Brothers and sisters equally- 
(Answer) I have carefully and seriously considered this Qure and am 
of oppinion that Toms Propotion ought to be divided among all his 
surviving Brothers and sisters agreeable to his Testators Will, and by 
the Statute of distributions M'. Mathew Moore is entitled to an equal 
part of the property he having married the Issue of one of the 

Isaac Motte Dart 
Charleston Jan^.. 26*^^. 1793- 

HoRSE Racing During the Revolution.— The follow- 
ing letter, somewhat mutilated, was found among the 
Harleston papers presented to the Society a few years 
ago by Mr. John Harleston: 

Addressed: Isaac Harleston Esq"^ 

Major 6*^ Reg*— 

Dear Sir: 

I have seen Fenwicke and am sorry to inform you 
that I dont believe he will run the Match at any rate, he ses he is very 
sure it cant possibly be done with secrecy & is loth to incur the [unde- 
cipherable word] of the publick and would be glad we would draw the 
race, he ses many of friends have advised him not to Run [undeci- 
pherable word] the trouble you have had & he at last One if we in- 
sisted on it he would run the Saturday after the time appointed, if its 
agreable to you I will draw the Race I am persuaded we shal be blam'd 
if its out) I have not a copy of H & G about me will send it you ^ 
first opportunity— 

I am Sir w**^ reg*^ your H^ Sv* 
[Roger Parker or Peter— badly mutilated] Saunders 

Taylor. — The following additions and corrections are 
offered to the Taylor genealogy published in the last 
issue of this magazine: 

William Jesse Taylor (37) was born April 20, 1806; 
married, first, May 29, 1833, Alexina Jessie Muir and, 


second, April 4, 1861, Mrs. Agnes Wallace Barton. His 
eldest children, not given in the genealogy, were John, 
born March 20, 1834; died April 7, 1835, and William J. 
Muir, born August 29, 1835, and died September 11, 

Henry Pendleton Taylor (13) was a colonel not a major 
(See page 101). 

Elizabeth Willoughby Taylor (61) was born June 1, 
1819; married, April 14, 1836, Dr. Alexander Leroy 
Moore; died September 29, 1873. 

Mary Norwood Taylor (64) was born October 19, 1827, 
and died October 14, 1902. 

Edward Fisher Taylor (59) died in 1862, not in 1855. 
He was a Confederate soldier at the time of his death. 

Benjamin Franklin Taylor (16) and Sally Webb Coles 
were married at Woodville, not Enniscorthy. 

Virginia Taylor (71) was born August 17, 1824, not 

Thomas Taylor (72) was born February 11, 1826, not 

Sally Coles Taylor (73) was born March 15, 1827, not 

Anne Wyche Taylor (74) was born July 20, 1828, not 

Rebecca Taylor (76) was born April 15, 1831; died 
September 7, 1850. 

Witten Taylor (103) was born in 1821; married, first, 

Holt, and, second, Mrs. Sarah Talliaferro Bates, 

and James Hunt Taylor (29) had no daughter named 
Sarah Talliaferro (See 104, page 106). His issue should 
have been given in the following order: I. Witten, H. 
James H., III. Eleanor, IV. Columbia, V. Susan, VI. 
John, VII. Chesnut, VIII. Benjamin Franklin, IX. 
Elizabeth, X. William Alexander. 

George Taylor (115) was born July 24, 1838, and died 
May 20, 1873. 


Helen Muir Taylor (116) was born March 23, 1837, 
and married January 26, 1858. 

William Jesse Taylor (117) was bom July 24, 1840, 
married January 18, 1869, and died February 15, 1880. 

Alexina Jessie Taylor (118) was born May 10, 1842, 
and married June 16, 1868. 

James Taylor (119) was born September 10, 1845, and 
was killed at Gaines^s Mill June 27, 1862. 

Flora Taylor (120) was born April 10, 1844, and died 
December 12, 1879. 

The issue of William Henry Taylor (49) should have 
been given in the following order: 

I. William Henry Taylor (131) married Elizabeth 

Powell; died 1878. 
n. Mary Jane Taylor (129) married Albert S. Elmore. 
m. Sally Maria Taylor (130). 
IV. Thomas Taylor (132). 
V. Hails Taylor (135) married, in 1864, Julia Good- 

VI. George Washington Taylor (133). 
VII. Albert James Taylor (134) born in 1846, married, 

in 1873, Kate Tilghman. 
VIII. Elmore Taylor (136), bom in 1849; married Mrs. 
Kate Redmond; died in 1894. 

Thomas Taylor (137) died unmarried in Texas in 1897. 

Edward Fisher Taylor (142) was born June 16, 1845, 
not May 25, 1847. 

Heyward Trezevant Taylor (143) was born May 16, 
1847, not May 25, 1847. He married Cora A. Spinks. 

Thomas Taylor (72) was born February 11, 1826, not 

Grace Elmore Taylor (150) was born June 30, 1864, 
and died in 1866. 

Thomas Taylor (151) was born October 2, 1866. 


George Taylor (115) married, at Mobile, Ala., April 10, 
1860, Rebecca G. Wycoff. 

Alexina Jessie (not Jesse) Taylor (185) married 


Mary Gardner Taylor (186) married, first, Frank- 
lin, of Columbus, Miss., who died and she married, sec- 
ond, in 1906, Hugh S. Hairston. 

No. 209 should be George Margaretta (not Metcalf) 

Julius Heyward Taylor (155) was born August 8, 1877. 
The correct date is given on page 112 but a wrong date 
is given on page 118. 


Rev. John Johnson, D. D., LL. D., a member and a 
curator of the South Carolina Historical Society, died 
at his residence 21 New Street, Charleston, shortly after 
11 o'clock Sunday night, April 7, 1907, in the 78th year 
of his age. 

Dr. Johnson had been very ill for some time prior 
to his death, his health having been broken more than a 
year ago. For a week or more he had, been at the 
point of death, and, while he had rallied several times, 
little hope of his ultimate recovery from his sickness was 
entertained, and in the afternoon before his death, when 
the congregation had assembled at St. Philip's Church 
for the afternoon service, the rector, the Rev. S. Cary 
Beckwith, notified the congregation by telephone that 
there would be no service, as he was at the bedside of 
Dr. Johnson, who was dying. 

For thirty-four years Dr. Johnson was rector of St. 
Philip's Church, where he had been baptized, confirmed 
and ordained. About a year before his death, on ac- 
count of his failing health, it became impossible for him 
to discharge the arduous duties devolving upon him and 
he was made rector emeritus, the Rev. S. Cary Beck- 
with being made rector. Dr. Johnson did not cease to 
take an interest in the affairs of the congregation when 
he became rector emeritus, but did all in his power to assist 
in ministering to the parishioners. For many years he 
had been president of the standing committee of the di- 
ocese, and had attended a meeting of this committee, 
over which he presided, in Columbia, S. C, on March 
15, 1907. 


Dr. Johnson's father was Joseph Johnson, M. D., the 
author of Traditions and Reminicences of the Revolution 
(Charleston 1851) ; his grandfather was Willian Johnson, 
one of the Revolutionary patriots of "Liberty Tree" fame 
and an exile to St. Augustine, and Justice William John- 
son, of the United States Supreme Court and author of 
a biography of Gen, Nathanael Greene, was his uncle. 
Dr. Johnson was also a cousin of the late Gen. Edward 
McCrady, the distinguished historian, who was a great- 
grandson of William Johnson, the Revolutionary pa- 

Dr. Johnson was the youngest of his father's sons 
and was born in Charleston, December 25, 1829. He re- 
ceived an academic education at the school of Mr. 
Christopher Coats, and then engaged in professional 
and active life as a civil engineer. During ten years of 
such occupation he was employed in the surveys and 
construction of railroads, water-works, etc., preparing 
and publishing under the patronage of the State a large 
map of South Carolina, considered to be the best of the 
time (1853) and for many years thereafter. A fond- 
ness for letters and study determined him to spend the 
sessions of 1858-1860 at the University of Virginia. 
There he won the honors of a gold medal for the best 
contribution to the University magazine, and also the 
valedictory of the Jefferson Society. He decided later 
to enter the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church and began such preparation, and was a student 
at Camden, S. C, under the direction of Bishop Thomas 
F. Davis when the war broke out. He joined the Con- 
federate army and passed through the grades of lieu- 
tenant, captain and major of engineers, while perform- 
ing active service at Savannah, Wilmington and 
Charleston. He was twice wounded at Fort Sumter, 
where he did duty as engineer in charge during fifteen 


months of its severest bombardment. Gen. Beauregard 
has said that to Major Johnson was due the masterly- 
defence of Fort Sumter. He took part later in the 
battles of Averysboro and Bentonville, N. C, and was 
paroled as senior officer of engineers at the surrender 
of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army at Greensboro, N. C. 
In January, 1866, he was ordained to the ministry and 
assumed charge of Grace Church, Camden. In 1871 he 
returned to Charleston to become assistant minister of 
St. Philip's, Bishop Howe being the rector. He was 
made rector the year following. He was repeatedly 
elected to the General Convention of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States. In July, 1890, 
he published a work of great historical and technical im- 
portance: The Defence of Charleston Harbor ^ Inclu- 
ding Fort Sumter and Adjacent Islands. This book re- 
ceived high commendation from the best literary and 
military critics, and has passed through two editions. 

In the summer of 1891 the degree of doctor of divin- 
ity was conferred on him by the trustees of the Univer- 
sity of the South at Sewanee, Tenn., and a few years 
later the College of Charleston conferred upon him the 
degree of LL. D. 

Dr. Johnson married, December 20, 1865, Floride Can- 
tey, of Camden, who, together with the following chil- 
dren, survives him: Mrs. Stanhope Sams, of Columbia; 
Mrs. J. C. Bissell, of Charleston, Mrs. I. G. Ball, of 
Charleston; Rev. J. W. C. Johnson, of Birmingham, Ala.; 
Robert P. Johnson, student of divinity at the Univer- 
sity of the South, Sewanee; Joseph Johnson, of Jackson, 
Miss.; Henry M. Johnson, of Savannah Ga., and Francis 
B. Johnson, M. D. 


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The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VIII. OCTOBER, 1907. No. 4 

TO HON. HENRY LAURENS. 1777-1780. 

{Continued from the July number.) 


Valley forge camp 1'* June 1778 
dear Sir 

I have received your late obligling favor, and return you 
my very sincere thanks for it — if there is some thing 
to be prais'd in our late retreat, it is much more owing 
to the intelligence and exertions of the officers, to the 
spirit and good order of the soldiers I had the honor 
to command than to any merit of my own— our detach- 
ment was a fine one, and with such officers and men as 
I had that day, I schall willingly meet the best english 
troops upon equal terms— there was already spent 
among them a pride, a confidence an esprit de corps as 
could distinguish the best part of a veteran army. 

whatever you think proper, my dear Sir, I heartily 
approve — therefore I have no objections to your keep- 
ing my west indian proposition as long as you please— 
but as we do'nt intend to go to Philadelphia, when the 
ennemy will evacuate it, and I am myself intrusted 
with the care of leading a division of the army, I beg 
you would write me fully your sentiments about that 


affair, and also the reasons of detaining the proposal, 
which you have promised to communicate to me— Gen- 
neral Connway must be in york town by this time— he 
wants to get some kind of certificate from Congress 
and has wrote me upon the subject — you know my sen- 
timents of some parts of his life, which remain fixed in 
my mind— but gnl connway is an officer in the french 
service, a gentleman of bravery and talents, and I ca'nt 
refuse to my own feelings to beg you would mention to 
Congress that I have wrote to you in his behalf. I do 
not believe they will deny some lines to him. 

be so good as to ask to Ms Richard h. Lee when is the 
first pacquet to set out, when the second & &c — I am 
extremely obliged to you for the french papers which I 
will send back by the first opportunity — whenever you 
will forward others to me they'll be very wellcome — I 
instantly beg you would let me know if M' carmichale 
is upon this continent, and when he is expected in 

with the highest Regard and most sincere affection I 
have the honor to be 

dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M'' deLaf ayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

1 June 1778 Rec' S'~- 


Valley forge Camp 4"' June 1778 
dear Sir 

I have received your favor of the 31'* may and I am 
very sorry that I have not in my hands the candid ac- 
count of the late enterprize from the ennemy printed in 
Philadelphia by theyr directions, however if it is at head 
quarters I have desir'd the general's family to send it 
to you — all is Lye and a gross one since the beginning 
till the end. 


I do not know if your friend Gnl grant is under 
arrest, but I know with all certainty that this affair has 
put him under a great disgrace from his Generals howe 
and Clinton— it is true to say that if that part of the 
surrounding Column which he had the Command of 
had not been so doubtfull, cautious, and found of rec- 
connoitring every small object we did present to them, 
then I was likely to oppen my way with the bayonnet, 
and therefore to loose many men of a very valuable de- 
tachment before being safe — G""^ Washington as it ap- 
pears by his letter did not know then if C^ howe was 
out— but we are know informed without the least doubt 
that all the Men fit to march, all the generals, and 
among them Sir henry Clinton, Sir william howe and 
even his brother admiral Lord howe were in my Rear 
or in my front. 

be so good, my dear Sir, as to let me know when does 
your second pacquet go to franco — for I imagine that 
you send copies of the same letters and the same ac- 
counts by several vessels — ^then I will send to M' Richard 
h. Lee a parcel of letters for my family. 
I am in a great impatience to see M' carmichale the Sec- 
retary of the ambassade whom you had in paris— that 
gentleman I understand is arriv'd with the transports 
of cloathes — I hope those new cloathes will be once regi- 
mentaly and uniformly distributed— give me leave to 
reccommend once more to you the affair of colonel Ar- 
mand — I wish also very ardently that a commission of 
major be conferred to M' tousard who is indeed a very 
deserving gentleman — if congress was to make a 
present to our indians of vermilion, looking glasses, 
pipes, cloathes &c. it would have a fine effect, 
gnl m^intoch having Represented to me the necessity of 
having french gentlemen with him for settling the 
minds of the too much injured indians, I have engaged 
four to follow him, who I think will be very useful 


with a great impatience I expect the arrangement of 
the army, and I think a corps of three thousand gren- 
adiers and chasseurs selected among our troops schall 
be the very soul of all our success and prouve of an in- 
finite advantage, those very same men could after- 
wards be the van guard of the expedition whatsoever 
to be made in Canada, or be sent in the west indies in 
case of a common expedition where we must mix with 
the f rench Regiments such troops as will do honor to the 
American arms, bravery, and discipline — I speack of 
that corps to you, because I know it has been proposed 
by his excellency. 

You will say that I am unetourde when Til have Con- 
f ess'd that the little account of my debts with you has 
slept out of my pocquet, and that I do not know how to 
find it — ^but I Remember very well it was near seven 
thousand dollars, and the Articles which you had no 
time to collect will compleat about that sum — I there- 
fore send you a bill of 7000^ upon Ms crips with a letter 
for the same gentleman which I beg you would for- 
ward — ^ if you find any Miss or defectursity in that ar- 

^ The following is the letter, which seems never to have been for- 

Addressed: to 

Ms John Crips esq. 

Valley forge Camp 4^*^ June 1778 
dear Sir 

tho' I have not had the pleasure of hearing from you since some 
time, I have no doubt but that you will have receiv'd a letter from 
Mon' Raimbeau &c when this schall fall into your hands— they must 
have been pay'd without any of the monney coming from the vessel, 
as it had been understood by the gentleman who does my business in 
f ranee that I schould keep all the monney arising from the victoire in 
America, therefore, sir, I make no difficulty of directing you a bill 


rangement be so good as to give me notice of it. 

I hear g"' Connway comes again into the service but I 

do not beUeve it. 

with the warmest affection and highest Regard I 
have the honor to be 

dear Sir 

Your most obedient servant 
the M'deLafayette 

Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 

4 June 1778 Reed. 5*'^— 


Valley forge cam 5"' June 1778 
dear Sir 

inclos'd I have the honor to send you a letter for 
Congress which I beg you would present to them, and 

for to pay M^ Laurens president of Congress of 7000 dollars for which 
I am indebted to him. 

I understand by your Letter that the sum in your hands is a consid- 
erable one— the Remains I will be extremely obliged to you to send 
me as soon as possible— I do'nt doubt but that M" Raimbeau has wrote to 
you by many opportunities — but if by a accident which I can not believe 
you had not yet heard from him, and if you have no Objection to ad- 
vance me 7000 dollars when you have the fund in your hands, I'll be 
much obliged to you to have them pay'd, and till the letter of M** 
Raimbeau arrives you will keep an account of whatever interests 
you'll think proper — however I dare say I am certain that I may now 
dispose of the monney. 

there is nothing new in camp but that the 20*^ of last month all the eng- 
lish army made an attempt upon a detachement from this of g"' 
Washington in which they did not succeed— we have all reasons to be- 
lieve that Philadelphia will be ours before long 

be so good as to present my compliments to your family, gnl howe, 
g°' moultrie, Ms ruttlege, ms m'^queen and his family and all my 
friends of charlestown 

with the most sincere Regard I have the honor to be 

dear Sir 

Endorsed by Henry Laurens: 

your most obedienc servant 
the M'" deLafayette 
Marquis delafayette 
4 June 1778 
ReC^. 9^^- 


reccommend to theyr most particular attention — the 
Case of the late M'°' Moriss is not a common one, and it 
is not only because Til alwais stand the advocate and 
friend of any brave soldier, but also out of a particular 
conviction of what his country is indebted for to him, 
that I am so sanguine upon that matter — I beg you 
would let me know the answer they will be pleas'd to 
make, for I do'nt doubt but that an answer whatsoever 
will be granted, tho' I have receiv'd none for some of 
my letters. 

I hope the arrangement of the Army will soon come to 
us, as with it this of C^'^ Armand, with the Greatest 
Regard and warmest friendship I have the honor to be 

Dear Sir Your most obedient servant 

the M" deLaf ayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delafayette 

5 June 1778- 


Valley forge Camp 7*^ June 1778 
dear Sir 

I beg that you would be so good as to trouble the h"''^^ 
Congress with a new request of mine, which I am much 
Concerned for — the ch"^""^^"" de Cambray who now waits 
on Congress brings me letters from several of my most 
intimate friends, where he is particularly reccommanded 
to me— that Gentleman has also a letter from doctor 
franklin, and a certificate of some services he had the 
happiness of Rendering to the state of North Carolina — 
he will expose himself to you his services and his pre- 
tentions — I schall confine myself in assuring you that 
any thing which will be done for him Fll take as a par- 
ticular favor — I make a Rule for me of Reccommanding 
any french gentleman who desires me to do so, and 
whom I think worthy of the attention of Congress — 


but M' de Camhray is one of those whom I owe to my 
friends and my feelings to be very particular upon, 
with the highest Regard I have the honor to be 

dear Sir Your most obedient servant 

the M'^ de Lafayette 
the honorable the President of Congress 
Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 
7 June 1778 

Addressed: private 

the honorable Colonel henry Laurens esq. 
pres. of Congress 

York town 

Camp at valley forge 7*'^ June 1778 
dear Sir 

I have Received yesterday night the letters you have 
been so kind as to forward to me, and also your favor 
concerning g""^ connway— as C^°^ John Laurens came just 
after to my quarters, I communicated it to him, and left 
the letters for his perusal. 

gnl connway seems act a very mad part — I do'nt under- 
stand how he can alwais work against himself — but 
such is his head — be certain my dear sir that my ideas 
upon the last affair concerning you are as clear as your 
own may be, and that his conduct will be disavoed by 
any countryman or stranger who will know how mat- 
ters stand— I have long ago oppened with you so much 
of my heart concerning that gentleman, as will render 
useless a longer staying upon his subject — 
C^«i gouvion is just coming from the indians — that gen- 
tleman has been of a greater use to America among 


them than it is possible to say — it is uncommon to join 
a greater modesty, to greater science, more agreeable 
[word blotted out] and more profound parts as an 
officer and gentleman — I very ardently wish that a 
commission of major be given to Ms tousard, and that 
the affair of Colonel Armand could be finished, 
inclosed I have the honor to send you a letter for ms Le 
Chevaherde cambray, the gentleman who has given 
you the pacquet coming from f ranee — I Reccommend 
that officer to your most particular kindness — he is di- 
rected to me by intimate friends of mine, whom I ar- 
dently want to oblige, and I beg as a friend, that you 
would give as much weight as possible to my public 
leters in his favor which I take the liberty to join 
here — I desire to be useful to him, and that himself 
and my friends may know the effect of my sollicitations 
in his behalf at theyr Reccommandation 
with the most sincere friendship and Regard I have the 
honor to be 

dear Sir Your most obedient servant 

the M^' de Lafayette 
Endorsed: Marquis delaf ayette 

7*^ June 1778 

Rec' 8"^— 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.] 


[Continued from the July number.'] 



Addressed: To 

Henry Laurens Esq''. 

President of the Congress. 


I was just now summoned to attend the Con- 
gress, at 1 O'clock, but as I have had the fever last 
Night, and am now very sick at my Stomach, I hope my 
attendance, at the time appointed, will be dispensed with; 
and the rather, as my indifferent state of health for 
some months past, totally disqualifies me, at this season 
of the year, for the discharge of the duty, which I un- 
derstand, is the Object of the Summons. 
I am. Sir, very respectfully, 

Your most Obed^ Serv*. 
Robert Williams Jun'.^ 
1 O'clock, tuesday 6"^ 
June 1775. 
; Henry Laurens Esq''. 

^ Robert Williams, Jr., was commissioned to practice law in 
Charles Town, March 26, 1753; married, January 1, 1755, Elizabeth, 
the youngest of the five daughters of David Hext (See issue of this 
magazine for January, 1905) , who dying in November, 1769, he mar- 
ried, February 7, 1771, just after his return from a visit to England, 
Anne, daughter of William and Grace (Hext) Roper and niece of his 
first wife. (See Marriage Notices in The South-Carolina Gazette and 
Its Successors.) 



B. Elliott ( ..r. 

C C. Pinckney ..If ^^^ 

WCattell ) 135 

F Marion 1 [ 135 

D Horry ) -,01 

P Horry If ^^^ 

A M'^Donald 130 

T Lynch 125 

W Scott .119 

J Barnwell 115 

NEveleigh 1.,.. ) ... 

James McDonald. ) ^^^ 

I Harleston 102 

Tho Pinckney 98 

Francis Huger 97 

W"- Mason 96 

Ed Hyrne 89 

Roger Saunders 88 

BCattell 72 

Charles Motte 65 



Addressed: To 

The Honb'^- 
The Chairman of the gen': Committee 

M'- Tennents respectfull Compl - to the [break] Henry 

' On the 12th of June, 1775, the Provincial Congress elected officers 
for the three regiments of regulars which the Congress had just de- 
termined to raise. This tabulation of the vote for captains for the 
1st and 2nd regiments is interesting, as it shows that the officers took 
rank according to the vote they received. Thus Capt. C. C. Pinck- 
ney became the senior captain followed by Barnard Elliott, Francis 
Marion, William Cattell, Peter Horry, Daniel Horry, Adam McDonald, 
and so on. 


Laurence — takes the Liberty to hint to [break] that last 
Evning he saw a Proclamation from the gen- Con- 
gress of a Fast on the 20*'': Ins*: and submitts the pro- 
priety of calling a gen\ Comm'- this Ev'ning — as the 
time is far elapsed and the Com", of Intelligence are 
obliged to send off Dispatches tomorrow Mom^- to 
ev'ry part of the Province. 
Sunday Morn^- 7 "-Clock 
Endorsed: Tennents 



June 15—1775. Received of M'-Drayton the sums of 
eighty and forty five pounds for carry expresses for the 
Committee of Intelligence to Col. Richardson, Camden 
& Col. Neyle & the Southern Districts of Purysburgh. 

Michael Muckenfuss 



In Provincial Congress, 19*"^ June, 1775. 

Resolved, That every Person having violated or 
refused Obedience to the Authority of the Provincial 
Congress^ shall, by the Com'", of the District or Parish 
in which such offender resides, be questioned relative 
thereto, and upon due Conviction of either of the offen- 
ces aforesaid, and continuing contumacions, such Per- 
son shall, by such Com'" be declared and advertised, as 
an Enemy to the Liberties of America, and an Object for 
the Resentment of the Public: And that the said 
Com''' shall be supported in so doing 
A true Copy 

Pet^ Timothy, Secr^^ 

In Gen^ Committee 19th July 1775. 
Resolved, That this Com'\ will proceed according to 


the Direction of the Provincial Congress in their Resolve 
of the 22d of June last, respecting Persons refusing to 
sign the Association. 




I know of no Representatives of the People 
of this province except those constitutionally convened 
in the General Assembly and am incompetent to Judge 
of the disputes which at present unhappily subsist be- 
tween Great Britain and the American Colonies. 
It is impossible during the short interval since my ar- 
rival that I should have acquired such a knowledge of 
the state of the Province as to be at present able to make 
any representation thereupon to his Majesty but you 
may be assured no representations shall be ever made 
by me but what shall be strictly consistent with truth 
and with an earnest endeavour to promote the real hap- 
piness and prosperity of the Province. 
21^* June 1775— (Signed) William Campbell 

Endorsed: W". Campbell 
21^ June 1775- 



May it please your Excellency 

When we applied to your Excellency for leave to 
Adjourn it was because we foresaw that we should con- 
tinue wasting our time without a possibility of rendring 
any Effectual service to his Majesty or to our Constitu- 


^ This copy of the reply of the Commons House of Assembly to 
Governor Campbells message of August 15, 1775, is in Timothy's 
handwriting while the endorsement thereon is in the handwriting of 
Henry Laurens. The reply was made on the 18th day of August. 


ents, & we are sorry now to inform your Ex^ that the 
same inauspicious prospect still continues — 
The desolating measures pursued ag*. a sister Colony & 
the Calamities of America in general have awakened in 
the good people of this Colony every apprehension of 
danger to their Lives Liberties & property and as they 
in particular have suffered many years under the op- 
pressive hand of an arbitrary ministry, it would not be 
surprising if they should be driven to the most unhappy 

When Civil Commotions prevail & a people are threatned 
both with Internal & external Dangers, they would be 
unwise not to entertain a Jealousy of Intestine Foes & 
take every precaution to guard against their secret ma- 
chinations for this purpose, the Inhabitants of this Colony 
have been impelled to adopt certain measures, which 
although not warranted by any of the written Laws, yet 
in our Apprehension are more Justifiable & constitu- 
tional than many of the late acts of the British Admin- 

In times like the present when a whole Continent is 
engaged in one arduous struggle for their Civil Liberties 
If Individuals will wantonly step forth & openly answer 
& condemn measures universally received & approved, 
they must abide the consequences— It is not in our 
power in such cases to prescribe Limits to Popular Fury 

Upon Inquiry into the Circumstance of last Saturday 
of which your Excellency so pathetically complains — we 
have been told that the Populace, enraged by the daring 
and unprovoked Insolence of a person, who although he 
was supported by the Public, & eat the Country's Bread, 
openly & ungratefully uttered the most bitter Curses 
and Imprecations ag* the People of this Colony & of all 
America — had seized him & after a Slight Corporal pun- 
ishment had Carted him through the Streets— This we 
confess was an Outrage at the same time your Excel- 


lency must do us the Justice to own, it was not in our 
power, nor within the Line of our Duty to prevent it, 
and we appeal to your Ex"'', if the Punishment, which 
we suppose to be more alarming from its novelty, than 
severity, was equal in any Comparative Degree to that 
which your Ex'^ knows is frequently inflicted by an Eng- 
lish Mob upon very petty Offenders, surrounded by an 
Active Magistracy, & even in full view of their Majesties 

We are sorry that any particular Insults should have 
been offered to your Excellency or that you should have 
any reason to apprehend the peace & safety of your 
Family is in danger of being Invaded — we hope & trust 
that your Ex'^'. wise & prudent Conduct will render such 
apprehensions altogether groundless, and your Ex^ may 
be assured that on our part every Endeavour will be 
used to promote & inculcate a proper veneration & re- 
spect for the Character of his Majesteys Representative 
Endorsed: To Lord W^. Campbell 

(To be continued in the next number of this magazine.) 

CAROLINA, 1692-1670. 

By A. S. Salley, Jr. 

{Continued from the July number.) 

February 14, 1692 (1693, N. S.) James Colleton, of St. 
John^s Parish, Barbadoes, one of the Landgraves of 
Carolina, executed a letter of attorney to his friends, 
Thomas Smith and John Coming, of Berkeley County, 
and Paul Grimball and Joseph Blake, of Colleton 
County, for the purpose of bringing suits, collecting 
debts, etc. for him in South Carolina. Witness: John 
Turbett. Sworn to before William Smith, March 20, 
1692. (Page 30.) 

March 20, 1692-93, Jennett Paterson, of Berkeley 
County, widow, deeded to Richard Quinton, of the said 
county, gentleman, certain goods and chattels in trust 
for James Paterson, her son by her late husband, James 
Paterson. Witness: J. Hobson. Proved the same day 
before Paul Grimball. (Page 31.) 

Will of Hugh Carteret of Berkeley County, cooper, 
made February 21, 1687, and proved before Governor 
Ludwell, March 16, 1693, bequeathed all land not other- 
wise disposed of equally between his three sons: Hugh, 
Richard and Robert Carteret, the eldest, Hugh, to have 
the third on which his house and plantation then was; 
gave each of his sons a cow and a heifer calf, the 
lands and cattle to remain in possession of his wife, 
Anne Carteret, until the said sons should become of 
age — if she should live so long— but if she should die 
during the minority of either or all of them then the 
said property was to go to the care of such guardian 
as they should choose; gave John, son of William Cock- 


field, the little island next to Joseph Pendarvis's island. 
Witnesses: Elizabeth Bedon, Thomas Chamberlayne, 
Anthony Chume and John Frowman. Letters of admin- 
istration with the will annexed and warrant of appraise- 
ment were granted by Governor Ludwell to Daniel 
Bullman and Anne, his wife, late widow and relict of 
Hugh Cateret, May 1, 1693. (Page 32.) 
March 1, 1693, Governor Ludwell appointed Daniel Bull- 
man and Anne his wife, formerly the widow of Hugh 
Carteret, deceased, guardians of said Hugh's sons, 
Richard and Robert Carteret, and administrators with 
the will annexed of said Hugh Carteret. At the same 
time he directed Richard Tradd, George Bedon, James 
Williams, William Cockfield, Joseph Pendarvis to make 
an inventory. (Page 33.) 

January 19, 1692-93, Governor Ludwell appointed 
Thomas Sacheverell administrator with the will annexed 
of Thomas Sacheverell, the elder, deceased. (Pages 

Will of Margaret Sacheverell, of Edisto Island, in 
Colleton County, in the Province of Carolina, widow, 
made July 25, 1691, proved before Governor Ludwell, 
July 13, 1692, gave grandchild, John Sacheverell, £16 
sterling, all her cattle, hogs, household goods, wearing 
apparel and rings, but in case he died under twenty-one, 
the said property was to go to his father; gave remain- 
der of estate to her "son-in-Law, Thomas Sacheverell", 
and made him sole exor. Witnesses: William Bower, 
Joseph Townsend and Daniel Courtis. January 19, 1693, 
Governor Ludwell directed Daniel Courtis, James Gil- 
bertson, Richard Ireland, Henry Bower and Lewis Price 
''to repaire to such parts & places within y*: part of this 
province w'*" lies from Cape ff eare, South & West, as 
you shall be directed to by Thomas Sacheverell execu- 
tor of y' last will and testam* of Margarett Sacheverell, 



widow, late deced: & there view & appraise all & every 
of y' estate of y' s'^ Margarett Saeheverell." (Page 35.) 
On the same day Governor Ludwell appointed the same 
appraisers to appraise goods and chattels of Thomas 
Sacheverell, the elder, directing them to make an inven- 
tory of the same. (Page 36.) 

March 31, 1693, Governor Ludwell appointed Thomas 
Elmes administrator with the will annexed of Job 
Bishop, deceased. (An abstract of the will is given 
below.) At the same time he appointed Francis 
Turgis, William Cantey, George Cantey, Richard Varner 
and Gabriel Glaze appraisers. (Page 37.) 

Will of Job Bishop, made Nov. 15, 1692, proved Dec. 
10, 1902, gave daughter, Mary Bishop, one-half of his 
land with the buildings thereon, wherein he then lived, 
"Tarr & Smutt & all their increase", a feather bed and 
the bed and all things thereto belonging, one great iron 
pot and one kettle; gave William Elmes the other half 
of his land and "old pepper & her stock & young 
wenchy & her breed"; gave Paul Child two heifers; gave 
Joseph Child one heifer; remainder of estate — if any 
should be found — to be equally divided between his 
daughter, Mary Bishop, and William Elmes. Wit- 
nesses: Francis Turgis and Thomas Elmes. Letters of 
administration on estate of Job Bishop, deceased, with 
his will annexed and warrant of appraisement, were 
granted to Thomas Elmes, planter, by Governor Ludwell, 
March 31, 1693. (Page 37.) 

September 16, 1692, Thomas Gratbach and Richard Hill 
returned their "Inventory of the Cattell and one Negro 
man on James Island belonging to Mr: Barnard 
Schencking Esqr. Deceased." Proved by Stephen Bull. 
November 24, 1692, Matthew Bee and Daniel Courtis re- 
turned their inventory and appraisement of that part of 
the estate of Barnard Schenckingh on and belonging to 


his plantation on which Thomas Williams then lived, 
''Comonly Called Dehoo in Colleton County/' (Pages 

Henry Perry, aged twenty six years, sworn on the Holy 
Evangelists said that about two years and a half before 
he was at Jamaica and belonged to the sloop Dyamond, 
Capt. Thomas Harrison, commander, in consort with 
the sloop Mary, Capt. George Auston, commander, which 
sloop, then in the harbor of Port Royal, Jamaica, car- 
ried the colors of their Majesties, King William and 
Queen Mary, having commissions against the French 
from the Government, as deponent was credibly in- 
formed, which Government then gave public orders 
that all persons intending to go in the said sloops in 
in said service under said commanders should enter their 
names; that after so doing the said sloops departed the 
said harbor and came within sight and command of the 
fort or castle of "Portapee'' on the north side of the island 
of Hispainola and came up with a vessel under French 
colors at which the Dyamond fired a shot and the sloop 
Mary chased her, boarded and took her and, in company 
with the Dyamond, carried her to Port Royal, Jamaica, 
where said vessel was tried and condemned as a French 
prize in a court of admiralty, was appraised and sold 
by said court of admiralty to John Bell & Company 
and that there was paid for said prize to said Govern- 
ment their Majesties's tenths, the Government's 
fifteenths and the marshalFs three pounds per cent; 
that the vessel taken and condemned was then in pos- 
session of Capt. William Petitt and called the Carolina 
Merchant. (Page 52. Pages 40 to 51 blank.) 
"Thomas Pinckney Gent aged 24 years'' swore that he 
had also belonged to the sloop Dyamond at the time 
that that sloop and the Mary captured the French ves- 
sel, a3 described by Henry Perry; that it was con- 
demned at Port Royal, Jamaica, and sold; that he saw 


the officers deliver possession, after the sale, to John 
Bell & Company; that he heard and partly saw that 
their Majesties's tenths, the Government's fifteenths and 
the marshal's three pounds per cent were all paid and 
that the condemned vessel then belonged to Capt Will- 
iam Petitt as master and owner. (Page 52.) 

''Edmund Medlicott gent aged 24 years or thereabouts" 
swore that he had belonged to the Mary in consort with 
the Dyamond as stated by Henry Perry, and had been 
credibly informed that the French vessel taken had 
been lawfully condemned as a French prize and sold to 
John Bell and that all their Majesties's, the government's 
and the marshal's dues had all been paid, and the vessel 
was now in possession of Captain William Petitt as 
master and owner and called the Carolina Merchant. 
(Pages 52-53.) 

Capt. George Rainer, aged thirty-four years, swore that 
about two years and a half before he had sailed out of 
Port Royal, Jamaica, in the sloop Mary, Capt. George 
Auston, in company with the Dyamond, Capt. Thomas 
Harrison, the former sloop being owned by Francis 
Walson, President of Jamaica, under the English flag; 
that they took a French prize near "Portapee" and carried 
it to Port Royal, where deponent heard it was con- 
demned in a court of admiralty as a French prize and 
sold and deponent believed it, for he saw Col. Walker, 
of the regiment of the town of Port Royal, Capt. Simon 
Musgrove, their Majesties's Attorney-General and Capt. 
Wilson, Reciver, deliver possession thereof to John Bell 
& Company and saw the said Receiver paid their Ma- 
jesties's tenths of dry and wet goods belonging to the 
prize, and that the prize was the same now in possession 
of Captain William Petitt as owner and master thereof 
and called the Carolina Merchant. (Page 52.) 
These affidavits were made August 22, 1692, before 


Philip Ludwell, Thomas Smith, Joseph Blake, Richard 
Conant and Stephen Bull, Governor and Council/ 
(Page 52.) 

On April 7, 1693, J. Hobson certified that the aforesaid 
depositions, taken before the Governor and Council, 
originally signed by all the said persons in their own 
handwritings, had been annexed to a/'certaine testimo- 
nium'' under Governor LudwelFs hand and public seal, 
dated September 29, 1692, to Jonathan Amory & Com- 
pany, now owners of said ship. (Page 52.) 

Carolina ss By the Governor: — 
Whereas Divers psons in this province Especially in 
Charles-Towne have and still doe Keepe very disorderly 
houses by Retaileing out of strong Liquors, thereby not 
onely disturbing ye. rest of ye. Inhabitants, but Involv- 
ing thereby many poore Laboring people Especially Sea- 
men, into Debtt beyond what they are able to pay, be- 
sides ye: neglect of theire Trades or services, as alsoe 
Great numbers of negros Knowing they can have drink in 
Charles towne for mony or what else they bring with- 
out: being Examined how they come by it, are thereby 
Incouraged in great numbers to Resort to Charles Towne 
— Especially on Sundays to ye: prjudice of theire 
masters & mrses & apparent hazard of ye: peace & safety 
of ye: whole Contery, 

ffor prVention of all wch: mischeifes & Inconveniencys 
I doo hereby Straitly ff orbid all maner of persons to 
keepe any publique house of Entertainmt:, or to sell 
by Retaile, either privaitly or publiquely, any Kind of 
strong Lyquors: as wine, Rume & either in theire houses 
or out of doores to be Drunck in ye: Towne, until they 
shall first have given Bond with: security for demeaning 

^ See Journal of the Grand Council of South Carolina April 11, 
1692- September 26, 1692, pages 5, 8, 9, 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 
26 (2), 28, 44, 45, 56, 57 (2), 58, 61. 


themselves in ye: sd: Trade or Calling as they ought, 
and taken Lycence for ye same pursueant to an order 
of ye: Govermt: & Councill published about ye: 
month of of July last\ Given under my hand & seale this 
10th: day of aprill 169311 

Phili: Ludwell (Page 54.) 

At a Council, held at Charles Town May 14, 1693, 
present: Governor Ludwell, Thomas Smith, Stephen 
Bull, Joseph Blake, John Coming, Richard Conant and 
Paul Grimball, the Governor announced his intention of 
going to Virginia in a few days and from thence to North 
Carolina, in order to settle the Lords' affairs there, and 
to return again to South Carolina, called attention to the 
fact that, with the consent of the Lords' deputies, he 
was empowered to appoint a governor for this part of 
the Province, as appeared by a letter from Sir Peter 
Colleton to Paul Grimball, dated December 20, 1692, this 
day read in Council, and desired the advice of the Coun- 
cil as to what was needful to be done to settle the gov- 
ernment during his absence for four months. The Coun- 
cil were of the opinion that they ought to observe and 
conform to the instructions and rules of government 
which were under the Lords' hands aud seals. Examined 
by Governor Ludwell, May 6, 1693. (Pages 54-55.) 

May 17, 1693, James Shepherd, executor of the will of 
Henry Clemens, Findla Martin, vintner, and William 
Oswell, planter, executed a bond, in the sum of two 
thousand pound, to "honoble: Thomas Smith Esq: Land- 
grave & Governor", for the faithful execution of his 
trust by Shepherd. (Page 57. Page 56 contains a blank 

May 8, 1693, Governor Ludwell directed John Mills, Ed- 
ward Pyrry, Manly Williamson, William Russell and 

^ See Journal of the Grand Council of South Carolina April 11, 
1692—Saptember 26, 1692, pp, 43-44. 


John Williamson to appraise and make an inventory of 
the estate of Henry Clemens. (Page 58.) 
February 6, 1692-93, Gyles Dyer, merchant, John Comer, 
pewterer, and Nathaniel Jewell, mariner, all of Boston, 
Province of Massachusetts Bay, then or late owners of 
three fourths of the sloop Supply of Boston, whereof 
Nicholas Inglishby was late master, recited that said 
Inglishby, against their express orders, had sold their 
three fourths of the said sloop and advised them that a 
certain sum of money therefrom lay in the hands of the 
person to whom he sold provided they confirm the sale, 
and appointed Nathaniel of Boston their lawful 

attorney to recover for them their three fourths of the 
sloop Supply and the goods, wares, merchandise and 
effects therein. Witnesses: John Dorrell and Zach. 
Long. Proved before William Smith, May 23, 1693. 
(Pages 58-590 

March 4, 1692 (1693), Richard Walter, of Barbadoes, 
appointed his ''Loveing friend William Smith Marcht:" 
his true and lawful attorney for the purpose of making 
demands and collecting debts due him, particularly from 
Charles Burnham and John Buckley, of Carolina. Wit- 
nesses: Isaac Mazicq and John Emperor. Proved be- 
fore Joseph Pendarvis, June 17, 1693. (Page 60.) 
May 1, 1693, Daniel Bullman and Ann, his wife, admin- 
istrators with the will annexed of Hugh Carteret, de- 
ceased, Richard Capers and Better Gallier, of the Pro- 
vince of Carolina, executed a bond in the sum of £2000. 
to Governor Ludwell for Mr. & Mrs. Pullman's faithful 
performance of the trust reposed in them. Witness: 
J. Hobson. (Page 61.) 

Will of Samuel Jackson, of Charles Town, in Berke- 
ley County, cordwinder, made February 25, 1690, proved 
before Governor Ludwell June 21, 1692, left all houses, 
lands, goods and chattels whatsoever in his possession to 
his wife, Esther, and her heirs forever, she paying all 


his debts; wife sole executor. Witnesses: John Didcot, 
Thomas Moore, Howell Davies. Recorded November 
18, 1693, by John Hamilton, Deputy Secretary. (Page 63.) 
January 26, 1690 (1691), William Scott, of Carolina, shoe- 
maker, in consideration of £7., sold to Thomas Bill, of 
Carolina, planter, one fourth of a town lot in Charles 
Town, which he had bought of Thomas Clowter, of Car- 
olina, gentleman, November 20th., preceding, measuring 
fifty-four feet in length and twenty-two in width, bound- 
ing southward on John Powell, northward upon said 
Scott's workshop, westward on his kitchen and eastward 
"on a street that runneth Paralel with Cowper River", 
then in possession of said Thomas Bill, with all the build- 
ings thereupon. Witnesses: William Chapman, Thomas 
Davis, Robert Deuerax. Recorded December 13, 1693, 
by John Hamilton, Deputy Secretary. (Page 64.) 

Will of John Cottingham, of Charles Town, made De- 
cember 23, 1682, proved before Governor Morton, Janu- 
ary 12, 1683, directed that his body be buried by the side 
of his wife, in his own lot in Charles Town; gave his 
daughter, Sarah Cottingham, everything not otherwise 
bequeathed and made her an executrix at eighteen or 
day of marriage; appointed friends Edward Mayo and 
John Ladson executors in trust in behalf of daughter 
Sarah; gave servant, Benjamin Lamand, twenty shil- 
lings to help to buy himself necessaries and his freedom 
within some convenient time after testator's death; di- 
rected that his servant maid, Sarah Mason, be given her 
freedom as soon after his death as his executors should 
see fit; bequeathed to Edward Mayo and John Ladson 
£5 sterling each with which to buy a hat apiece; directed 
executors to bring up his daughter, Sarah, 'In all good 
lerneing as reading writting & sowing", and to send her 
to his relatives in London as soon as they could. Wit- 
nesses: John Clapp, Robt. Donne, Martin Cock, James 


Pullman. Recorded August 4, 1693, by John Hamilton, 
Deputy Secretary. (Page 66,) 

Will of Richard Newton, made September 9, 1692, 
proved before Governor Ludwell, September 26, 1692, 
bequeathed to his child, if living, £100 in gold with two 
bills of one hundred pounds each, one upon Capt. George 
Dearsley, in Carolina, the other on Mr. Jonathan Amory, 
attorney, in Carolina; bequeathed to William Day, the 
master of the sloop Dolphin, £10; to Crispine Squire, 50 
shillings; to all in the sloop 20 shillings apiece; to Robert 
Fenwicke the remainder of all of his monies, 
goods and chattels whatsoever and empowered him to 
act for him ^'on my behalfe in every respect as if I my 
selfe were present"; to brother, Marmaduke Newton, of 
Carrickfurgus, Ireland, legacy left to his child in ease 
the child be not living, directing that the child be en- 
quired for ai Mr. Ellton's apothecary, between Millen 
Green and Stepney, or of Mr. Francis, attorney, in Queen 
Street near Broad Lane, or of Benjamin Bard, instru- 
ment maker, at the Crown and Septer, near Waping Old 
Staires. Witnesses: William Day and John Phips. 
(Page 66.) 

Will of Francis Jones, made December 10, 1689, 
proved before Governor Thomas Smith, September 13, 
1693, left all of his estate, real and personal, to his wife, 
Mary Jones, and sons, Francis and Philip Jones and 
daughters, Lewry Mary, Elizabeth Sarah and Ann Jones, 
to be equally divided between them, the shares of the 
children to be delivered to the sons as they should come 
of age and to the daughters as they should reach sixteen 
or marry. Witnesses: John Boone, Joseph Hatchman, 
Edward Stafford, Richard Butler. September 13, 1693, 
Mary Jones gave bond to Governor Smith as executrix 
of the will of Francis Jones, deceased, and received a 
warrant of appraisment. (Page 67.) 
November 11, 1692, Robert Fenwicke and Jonathan 


Amory and William Smith, merchant, all of Berkeley 
County, Carolina, executed a bond to Governor Ludwell, 
in the sum of £600., currency of Carolina, conditioned 
for the payment of £300. to a child of Richard Newton, 
late of Carolina, deceased, which he had directed in his 
will should be paid to said child, if alive, or to Marma- 
duke Newton, of Carrickf urgus, Ireland, brother of said 
Richard. Witnesses: William Balloh and J. Hobson. 
Recorded September 19, 1693, by John Hamilton, Deputy 
Secretary. (Page 68.) 

May 29, 1696, Charles Odingsell, Deputy Secretary, cer- 
tified that on that day the above recorded original bond 
was cancelled by order of the governor, Messrs. Fen- 
wicke and Amory having entered into bond to the gov- 
ernor to the same purpose. (Page 68.) 
September 13, 1693, Mary Jones, executrix of Francis 
Jones, deceased, Richard Butler and Leonard Hickman, 
executed to Governor Smith a bond in the sum of £2000. 
for Mrs. Jones's faithful execution of the trust of ad- 
ministratrix. Witness: J. Hamilton. (Page 69.) 

On Accott: of Major Benjamin Waring 
He that shall use words of Contempt or contra bones 
mores against a justice of peace though it be not att 
such time as he is executinge his office, yet he shall bee 
bound to his good behaviour see exodus the 22th: & ye 
28th verse 

Recorded this thirteen day of September 1693 
W me Jo Hamilton 

Depty: Secty. 
September 13, 1693, Governor Smith appointed Richard 
Butler, Leonard Hickman, James Allen, Edward Haff ord 
and John Bell, appraisers of the estate of Francis Jones, 
deceased, directing them to make an inventory thereof. 
(Page 70.) 

September 18, 1693, Governor Smith appointed Jonathan 
Amory, Richard Preedd, William Smith, vintner, William 


Pople and Charles Basden appraisers of the estate of 
Margaret CHfford, directing them to make an inventory 
thereof. (Page 70.) 

September 19, 1693, Anthony Shory, administrator of 
the estate of Margaret Clifford, deceased, Joseph Ellicott 
and William Chapman, all of Berkeley County, executed 
a bond in the sum of £2000. to Governor Smith for 
Shory 's faithful performance of the trust of adminis- 
trator. Witness: Jo. Hamilton. Plene Administrabit 
Joseph Blake. (Page 71.) 

September 18, 1693, Governor Smith appointed Anthony 
Shory, cooper, administrator of the estate of Margaret 
Clifford, late of Berkeley County, Carolina, deceased, 
wife of Stephen Cliiford, late of Jamaica. (Page 72.) 
November 9, 1693, Governor Smith gave notice that he 
had on that day proved the will of William Privitt, late 
of Carolina, mariner, deceased, and had approved of 
Mary Privitt, widow of the said William, the executrix 
named in the will. Recorded December 16, 1693, by Jo. 
Hamilton, Dep. Sec. (Page 71.) 

November 10, 1693, Mary Privitt, executrix of Capt. 
William Privitt, William Nowell, Sr., and John Reeve, 
gentleman, executed a bond to Governor Smith in the 
sum of £2000. for Mrs. Privitt's faithful execution of 
the trust of executrix. Witnesses: Jo. Hamilton and 
William Perriman. (Page 73.) 

September 21, 1693, John Vansusteren, formerly of 
Barbadoes, but then of Charles Town, Carolina, mer- 
chant, executed his bond to Alexander Parris, also for- 
merly of Barbadoes, but then of Charles Town, in the 
sum of £1015., currency of CaroHna, conditioned for the 
payment of £507.10, currency of Carolina, upon the 
15th. day of February next ensuing. Witnesses: Peter 
Girrard, George Logan and Richard Phillipps. Proved 
before William Smith by George Logan and Richard 


Phillips, September 30, 1693, and recorded by Jo. Hamil- 
ton, D. S., on the same day. (Page 74.) 

Will of John Powys, of Berkeley County, gentleman, 
made July 24, 1686, proved before Governor Smith, July 
15, 1693, gave all estate, real and personal, to wife, 
Sarah, and her heirs forever, and appointed her sole 
executrix. Witnesses: Edward Jones, Francis Williams, 
John Hollowbush, John Boone, Joseph Stephens, Ralph 
Izard, John Hardy and B. Marion. Recorded by John 
Hamilton, Deputy Secretary. (Page 75.) 

Will of William Privit, of Charles Town, proved be- 
fore Governor Smith, November 9, 1693, left everything 
to his wife, Mary Privit. Witnesses: John Boone, 
James Child, Jean Flowers. Recorded by John Hamil- 
ton, D. S., November 11, 1693. (Page 76.) 
December 16, 1693, Governor Smith granted letters of 
administration on the estate of William Privit, mariner, 
to Mary Privit, widow of the said William. (Page 76.) 
November 9, 1693, William Privit executed a power of 
attorney to his wife Mary to which he incorporated a 
clause testamentary, bequeathing his property, in the 
event of his death, to his wife and children. Witnesses: 
John Browne, James Child, Jane Flowers. Proved be- 
fore Governor Smith, by Jane Flowers, on the same day. 
Recorded by J. Hamilton, November 11, 1693. (Pages 

December 16, 1693, Governor Smith appointed William 
Nowell, Sr., John Reeve, John Hill, Sr., John Lowell and 
John Freeman, appraisers of the estate of William 
Privit, directing them to make an inventory of the 
estate. (Page 77.) 

November 20, 1693, Peter La Salle, administrator in 
trust of the will of John Vansusteren, merchant, de- 
ceased, James Moore, Esq., and Ralph Izard, gentleman, 
executed their bond to Governor Smith in the sum of 
£200. for the faithful execution, by La Salle, of the trust 


of administrator. Witness: Jo. Hamilton. "Plene 
administravitt Tho: Smith June 14th 1694"/ (Page 78.) 
On the same day Governor Smith appointed the said 
Peter La Salle administrator in trust of the estate of 
said Vansusteren. (Page 79.) 

And on the same day Governor Smith appointed Jona- 
than Amory, William Smith, Peter Guerard and "Moun- 
seour Henry Le Noble" appraisers of said estate, with 
directions to make an inventory thereof. (Pages 79-80.) 
Will of John Vansusteren, of the Province of Carolina, 
merchant, made November 2, 1693, proved before Paul 
Grimball, by virtue of power given him by Governor 
Smith, November 15, 1693, gave to his wife, Perena 
Rubbins, one half of his real and personal estate; to 
daughters, Aleta and Elizabeth Vansusteren, the other 
half in equal proportions between them when they 
should become of age or marry; appointed his wife sole 
executrix and directed her to bring up and educate his 
daughters; appointed Peter La Salle, merchant, admin- 
istrator on his property in Barbadoes. Witnesses: 
James DuPre, John Smith Hardent, Jonathan Amory. 
Recorded by John Hamilton, Deputy Secretary, Novem- 
ber 20, 1693. Letters of administration and warrant of 
appraisement were granted to Peter La Salle by Gover- 
nor Smith, November 20, 1693. (Page 80.) 
February 16, 1693-94, Governor Smith granted a peti- 
tion of Mrs. Prynee Rubbens, relict and sole executrix 
of Jonn Vansusteren, to require Peter La Salle, mer- 
chant, administrator in trust on the estate of said John 
Vansusteren, to make up the accounts of the said estate, 
directing William Williams, Provost Marshall, to execute 
the same. (Pages 81-82.) 

Will of Joseph Edwards, of Edisto Island, Colleton 
County, made October 30, 1693, proved before Governor 
Smith, March 13, 1694, gave Henry Bower and William 
Miles, son of Anthony Miles, deceased, both living upon 


Edisto Island, all of his property and appointed them his 
sole executors; appointed Walter Hookley ''father in 
law'' [step-father] to William Miles to be guardian for 
the latter until he should become of age. Witnesses: 
Henry Cole, William Adams, Walter Hookley. Recorded 
by John Hamilton, Deputy Secretary. Warrant of ap- 
praisement granted to Henry Bower by Governor Smith, 
March 14, 1694. (Page 82.) 

March 14, 1693-94, Governor Smith appointed Richard 
Ireland, William Bower, Thomas Sacheverall, Philemon 
Palmenter and John Wells appraisers of such estate of 
Joseph Edwards as should be shown to them by Henry 
Bower, executor, directing them to make an inventory 
thereof. (Page 82.) 

The inventory of the estate of Francis Jones, made 
by Richard Butler, Leonard Hickman and A. Allen, made 
September 24, 1693, sworn to before William Smith, 
September 30th, was recorded by Jo. Hamilton, Dep. 
Sec, November 20, 1693. (Page 89. Pages 84-88 are 

November 13, 1693, Charles Basden, William Pople 
and Jonathan Amory, appraisers of the estate of Mar- 
garet Clifford, returned their inventory thereof to Gov- 
ernor Smith. (Pages 89-91.) 

November 11, 1693, Governor Smith issued a writ of 
dedimus to Paul Grimball to "take the probate of the 
Last will and Testemt: of John Vansusteren". Wit- 
nesses: J. F. Gignilliat and P. La Salle. Recorded in 
the Secretary's office, February 26, 1693-4, by Jo. Ham- 
ilton, Dep. Sec. (Page 91.) 

June 25, 1692, John Alexander, Peter Buretele and 
Peter Girard returned to Governor Ludwell an inventory 
they had made of the estate of Wilson Dunston shown 
them by Jonathan Amory and George Dearsley, admin- 


istrators with the nuncupative will annexed.^ (Pages 
93-103. Page 92 is blank.) 

December 2, 1691, John Vansusteren, of Charles Town, 
Berkeley County, merchant, for £22. sterling, sold to 
John Hamilton, of the said county, gentleman, a negro 
man. Witnesses: William Smith and J. Hobson. (Page 

November 22, 1693, Capt. Joseph EHis, commander of 
the ketch Speedwell, of New York, entered his report of 
the said ketch as being cast away to the northward of 
Sullivan's Island, November 19th. (Page 105. Page 
104 blank.) 

November 24, 1693, Major Robert Daniell, commander 
of the good ship The Daniell, of Carolina, "Entered his 
protest against the Seas in behalf e of him self e and 
Company for ye Damages sustained by the violence of 
the Weather." Attested by Jo. Hamilton, Dep. Sec. 
November 25, 1693. The chief mate and company of 
The Daniell subscribed to the protest. (Page 105.) 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.] 

'See Journal of the Grand Council of South Carolina April 11, 
1692-September 26, 1692. 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 

W. C, London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed) . 


William Gill (son and heir) of Captain John Gill, Mar- 
riner, late of Bridge Town, Barbados, deceased, but now 
of London, gentleman. Will 12 February 1739-40; 
proved 10 August 1743. To my sister Frances Gill, now 
in London, lands which my father John Gill bought of 
Nathaniel Snow, Doctor, scituate up the River near 
Charles Town, South Carolina, also all goods due from 
my father's will in Barbados, Carolina, or elsewhere. 
Executrix: Sister Frances. Witnesses: John Eagles- 
field, Ann Eaglesfield, Catherine Payne. 

Boycott, 262. 

Raymond Calvert of Charles Town, Bell founder. 
Will 24 October 1766; proved 22 August 1767. All my 
estate to my friend Emanuel Reller, formerly Lieutenant 
in his Majesty's service. Witnesses: Lewis Planche, 
Mathew Binnet, James Franchpoire. ["Reynard Calvert 
otherwise Raymond Calvet"] 

Legard, 302. 

George Seaman of Charlestown, South Carolina, Gen- 
tleman. Will 14 January 1769; proved 24 July 1769. 
To my sister Elizabeth Seaman of Leith, in North 
Britain £100 per annum for life and £200. To my cousin 
Naome Ross, commonly called Lady Pitcane, of Cromar- 
tie, in North Britain, £500. To my cousins Catharine and 
Christian Brown, of Leith, North Britain, £200 apiece. 
To my cousin Helen Kendall of Leith, North Britain, 
£50. To Cousin Munro Ross of Pitcance [Pitcaun] 


in North Britain £2000 when 21, if he die £500 to his 
mother Naome Ross and balance, one half to poor of Leith 
and other half to pious uses. To John Deas of Charles- 
town, Merchant, £2000. To William Lennax of same 
place, Merchant, £2000. To Mary, Catherine, and 
Elizabeth Deas, daughters of David Deas of Charles- 
town, £300 apiece. To Catherine Lennox, daughter 
of James Lennox of Charlestown, Merchant, £300. To 
the South Carolina Society £300. To my executors 
£500 for the infirmary at Edinburgh, in North Britain, 
also £500 for poor of Leith. To my daughter in law 
Elizabeth Deas, wife of John Deas, my Negro woman 
named Alice and my three pieces of Arras, my pew at 
the East End of St. Phillips Church in Charlestown 
known in the plan by the Number one; also use of my 
seven negro Slaves named Venus and her son Adam, 
Cinda and her son Moses, and Hannah, Moll, and Betty, 
and their future Issue; also all China, Glass, Plate, 
Linnen, etc; also my tenement on the Bay of Charles- 
town now possessed by Newman and Swallow. To said 
James Lenna [Lennox] for life my Lott, garden, stores, 
etc in the Bay of Charlestown, with that part of my Lott 
fronting Bedons Alley, now enclosed by the Partition 
fence and possessed by Messrs Woodroff and Cathcart 
and after his decease to said Lennox for life my tene- 
ment purchased of Henry Bedon now possessed by Messrs 
Woodrof e and Cathcart. To said David Deas of Charles- 
town, Merch: for life tenement on Bay of Charlestown 
fronting Bedon's Alley, purchased from Henry Bedon, 
now possessed by Andrew Lord. My executors to 
complete for purchase of 333 acres at Combahee to 
executors of will of Hannah Rippon, I bequeath said 
tract to John Deas, eldest son of my said daughter in 
law Elizabeth Deas by aforesaid John Deas, also myunde- 
vided half of tr^ct adjoining Combahee Causey formerly 
belonging to William Buckanan, containing 1250 acres. 


conveyed to John Deas the father by Daniel Doyley, 
late Provost Marshal of the Province, for which I paid 
half the purchase money, also 793 acres adjoining con- 
veyed to me by Thomas Jones, but John Deas paid 
half the consideration money &c, also my half of 
640 acres on Wasamsau Road, adjoying old Barns's & 
Tract which I own which I jointly purchased with 
John Deas of Richard Singleton, also 850 acres at Com- 
bahee purchased of Charles Londes formerly Provost 
Marshall, and formerly belonged to Daniel Welshuysen, 
also land in Colleton Square, Charlestown, opposite 
where I live at present enclosed as a Coarder, pur- 
chased partly of attorneys of John Watson, partly of 
Egerton Leigh, Esq., partly of Executors of George 
Munter, etc; also reversion of my Southernmost Tene- 
ment on the Bay of Charlestown, with stores, Garden 
&c, in possession of Newman and Swallow, on decease 
of John Deas and Daughter in Law, Elizabeth his wife; 
also reversion of Lott fronting Bedons Alley in posses- 
sion of Woodroff and Cathcart on death of James Len- 
nox and William Lennox; also reversion of other Lott 
on Bay with that part fronting Bedons Alley on decease 
of said David Deas; also those my Eighty three Negro 
and other slaves known by names of Bastian, Peter, 
Young-marsh, Abraham, Tony, July, King, John, Jamey, 
Sancho, Sam, Pompey, February, March, Monday, Adam, 
Job, Will, Old London, Mamby, Prince, Nero, Caro, Phil- 
ander, Martha, Natta, Diana, Lucy, Sabina, Mercia, 
Sinda, Maria, Diana, Nannah, Judy, Kate, Stepheney, 
Nancy, Flora, Sarah, Joe, June, Dover, Christopher, 
Bastion, Rose, Lucy, Bella, Joan, Abraham, Owen, Bil- 
ley, Daniel, Apollo, Ben, Job, Sambo, Frederick, July, 
Caesar, Nelly, Mary, Cato, Flora, Maria, Affey, Betty, 
Moll, Little London, and fourteen more names I cant 
particularly remember on my Plantation at Combahee 
called Walnut Hill; also my Forty one Negro and other 


Slaves known by Names of Farewell, Jacob, Betty, 
James, Joan, Charles, Sue, Clarinda, Nancy, Old Eman- 
uel, Young Orkney, Sarah, Mary, Bob, Israel, Rose, 
Nanney, Tom, Beck, Mathias, Natt, Jeffery, Ben, Rose, 
Amaritta, Aberdeen, Affey. Precilla, Toney, Pinda, Mo- 
ses, Lark, Bram, Jeffrey, Barbary, Bob, Mohomed, Duff, 
Frankey, Prince, and Minda on my plantations at the 
Tuplio and Cypress where I plant jointly with John 
Deas the father, also my Eighty one other Slaves 
Known by the Names of Charles, Tom, Catana, 
Amey, Ben, Tom, Hanaby, Maurice, Esther, London, 
Moses, Tom, Sampson, Betty, Johnny, Stephaney, Cate, 
Young Jersey, Will, Semey, Toney, Bess, Prince, Flo- 
ra, Silvia, Harrey, Kate, Isaac, Dina, John, Amoretta, 
Sayer, Caesar, March, Younger-Maria, Cupid, Clarinda, 
Bob, Paris, Peggy, Job, Mary, Primus, Glasgow, Maria, 
Old Hamilton, Young Jupiter, Belinda, Dembo, Jackey, 
Phillis, Oxford, Margaritta, Abram, Caesar, Car- 
penter-Dick, Grace, Dublin, Nanney, Harry, Juno, 
Old Amey, Quashy, Francisco, Frank, January, 
Rachael, Carpenter-Franck, Carpenter-Joe, Paul, 
Cato, Young March, Little Hannah, and Boston 
on my Plantation known by the name of Thorough 
Good at Goose Creek, with increase; also my Nineteen 
Negro and other Slaves in Charlestown known by the 
names of Mary Venus's Child, Mindas three children, 
Baxter and Lucy, Moggy's Child, Peggy, Old Dick, 
Stepney a Boatman, Cloe his wife and child, Nancy, 
Silvia, Brass, Dina, Hannah's Child Nancy, Mary- Ann, 
John, with future issue; also reversion of seven Ne- 
groes and my plate given to Elizabeth Deas and ditto 
of Thorough Good of Estate of Maurice Keating; also 
Stock of Cattle &c at Plantation called Walnut Hill; 
also my Guns, Pistols, Sword, Cutteau, apparel, &c, to 
said John Deas, Eldest son of my said Daughter in Law 
Elizabeth Deas; if he happen to die before he is 21 


and unmarried, all the above to Seaman Deas, another 
son of my daughter in Law, Elizabeth Deas, if he die, 
to go to other children of Elizabeth Deas, including the 
portion of slaves which belonged to William Allen the 
father of the said Elizabeth Deas. John Deas to pay 
£500 each to his brothers William Allen Deas, David 
Deas, and Seaman Deas, as they are 21, £500 to sister 
Mary Deas when 21 or married. Silver plate not to be 
melted down; if it is, the value to be given in forfeit to 
Churchwardens of St. Phillips for use of the poor. Ne- 
gro Slaves Cotta, Venua, and Sylvia, and Betty, to be 
kindly used and Negro Woman Minda to live, if she 
pleases, with John Deas, with good plain Summer and 
Winter Cloathes, and a piece of Coarse Linnen yearly; 
also Negro Women Bina and Moggy, if they chuse it, 
to live with friend David Deas, ditto; and Negro Man 
Jamey, a Carpenter, to work out for hire. But not my 
Intention to enfranchise four last mentioned Slaves, 
apprehending they will better Contented and more 
Happy in the above Situation than in a State of Liberty 
or Bondage. To Seaman Deas my lott in Bedons Alley 
in occupation of William Williams; also my half of the 
Schooner Thorough-Good with her Boat, Tackle, and 
Apparel; also my Mulatto Boy named Joseph, and all 
other slaves not bequeathed, the above Minda, etc, ex- 
cepted; also China, glass, &c at death of Elizabeth Deas, 
&c To the Treasurer of Herriott's Hospital at Edin- 
burgh, N.B., £50. To my cousin Naome Ross my seal 
with my coat of arms engraved set in Gold, with three 
pieces of Gold two of which are the last that were 
Coined in Scotland. To my Sister in Law Rachell Caw 
of Charlestown, widow, £20, all my carpets and my 
large Screen. To Emarintha Richardson, wife of John 
Richardson of East Florida, £20 annually for life. To 
Archibald Broun, son of the late Robert Broun of Goose 
Creek, £20. To Mary Deas, Daughter of John Deas 


aforesaid, feather Beds with Bolster and Pillows and 
one Sattin Counterpaine. All bonds in joint names of 
James Lennox and David Deas, but not in Names of 
Either severally, to be given up to them. To said 
James Lennox my Walnut Chest of Drawers and twelve 
prints representing the months of the year, painted on 
Glass. To friends, James Lennox, David Deas, William 
Lennox, and John Deas all remaining furniture includ- 
ing Liquors, but Doctor John Moultrie of Charlestown 
to share in my liquors when they are divided. I will 
that £100 be spent by my executors in London to buy 
coarse Linnens, Checks, large Coarse Hatts, Oznabrigs, 
Thread, Needles, Pipes, Coarse Handerchiefs, &c, which 
with remaining part of my apparel, I desire to be devided 
among such of my negroes as are deserving. To my 
friends Benjamin Smith and Thomas Smith the youn- 
ger of Charlestown Gentleman £200, to be employed 
for enclosing the Churchyard of St. Phillips with a 
Brick wall or other uses. To Doctor John Moultrie, 
£20. To William Woodrop of Charlestown, Merchant, 
£50. To Elizabeth Watson of Charlestown, spinster, 
£20. To William Stone, late of Charlestown, merchant, 
£10; also £10 to his wife. To friend David Deas my 
Riding Chair and two Northward Horses. To friends, 
David Deas, James Lennox, Wm. Lennox, and John 
Deas and Wm. Allen Deas, David Deas and Seaman Deas, 
children of said John Deas, all Lotts of Land in Town 
of Beaufort. To Esther, wife of James Rockatt of 
London, Sarah, wife of William Hopton of Charlestown, 
and my friends Alexander Rigg, Richard Gough, James 
Keith, Robert Raper, Roger Peter Handasyde Hatley, 
Frederick Grimkee, Benjamin Smith, and Thomas 
Smith the younger, of the said town, five English 
guineas each. All the rest to friends James Lennox, 
William Lennox, David Deas, and John Deas, my execu- 
tors. Witnesses: Robt. Williams, Junior, Edward 
Pierce, Robert Dick. 



Charles Pinckney of Charles Town, South Carolina, 
Esquire. Will 4 June 1752; proved 18 March 1769. To 
be buried near my father and mother in the old church 
yard in Charles Town. A sum not exceeding £100 to be 
used in walling in the burying ground of our Family, 
16 feet wide from East to West and 20 feet long from 
North to South, and £200 for a grave stone for my pa- 
rents. To my Brother Major William Pinckney £200 
for mourning for his wife and children, my silver hilted 
sword, Rapin's History of England, and Tindal's Con- 
tinuation thereof, in five volumes in folio, and Amher- 
ley's Britania Constitution. To my friend William Bull, 
Junior, Esquire, my gold headed Cane with the glass m 
the top, St. Amand's Historical Essay, and Squire's en- 
quiry into the English Constitution. To my deceased 
wife's sister, Mrs Sarah Bartlett of London, widow, £10 
per annum yearly; to my wife's neice Mary Bartlett 10 
guineas for mourning. To my nephew Charles Pinck- 
ney, whom I have maintained in England for 5 years 
past, £200, and his boarding in my family till he is 21, 
and £25 worth sterling cost of my Law Books. To my 
wife Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. Colonel George Lucas, 
late Lieutenant Governor of Antigua, deceased, my 
slaves and rings (except the rose diamond ring which I 
desire her to give to our daughter Harriott and the dia- 
mond mourning ring to our Son Thomas, it being for his 
uncle of that name, the use of my plantation called Bell- 
mount, also house and land bought from Messrs Wragg 
& Bolton in Colleton Square, formerly belonging to 
James McCrellis, deceased. To my son Charles Cotes- 
worth Pinckney my gold watch (and after decease of his 
mother, the diamond mourning ring for my late wife), 
certain slaves with their increase, and my Library to be 
sold for his benefit. To my son Thomas Pinckney slaves 
with their increase. To my daughter Harriot slaves 
with their increase. My son Charles to be virtuously, 


religiously, and liberally brought up and educated in the 
study and practice of the Laws of England, to serve his 
God and his country, to employ his abilities in support 
of private Right and Justice between Man and Man. 
To my said son my Mansion House in my own occupa- 
tion in Colleton Square in Charles Town, my part of 
Watie's four lots at the upper end of the square (except 
the part opposite to Mr. Saunders the sadlers), my house 
in the Bay next to Col. Beales bought on an Execution 
against Joseph Shute, my plantation called Pinckney's 
Plains near Beech Hill, my islands at Port Royal called 
Espalango, and water Islands, and five hundred acres on 
Savannah River near Silver Bluff purchased from Charles 
Richmond Gascoigne. To my son Thomas my messuage 
and Store Houses on the Bay now in occupation of Cap- 
tain Thomas Shubruk, 500 acres at Foreholes, 1111 acres 
at Ashepoe. All the rest of my real estate to be sold 
and divided between my children, Charles Cotesworth, 
Thomas, and Harriott. In order to establish Lectures 
among my country men similar to those instituted in 
Great Britain by the Honourable Mr. Boyle, my son 
Charles to pay 5 guineas to such Lecturer appointed by 
a Majority of H. M. Honourable Council residing in 
Charles Town to preach two sermons in parish church 
of St. Phillips, one sermon on Wednesday next after the 
second Tuesday in November, and on Wednesday next 
after second Tuesday in May, for ever, on the glorious 
and inexhaustible subjects of the greatness of God and 
his goodness to all his Creatures, Subjects which can 
never fail through all the rounds of Eternity, and if I 
may presume I would humbly point out the 145th Psalm 
as a text; and to the first native of Carolina who shall 
obtain the approbation of the majority of the Council in 
their writing and under their hands I give 5 guineas, 
Tillotson's sermons in three volumes in folio, and also 
Doctor Samuel Clarks works in folio. Guardians to my 


children: my wife Elizabeth and William Bull, junior, 
Esquire. Executrix: wife Elizabeth. Witnesses: John 
Cleland, Alexander Vander Dussen, Alexander Gorden. 
Codicil 30 June 1752 N. S. Land purchased in French 
Alley in Colleton Square from Gabriell Guignard and 
Thomas Burnham to my son Thomas. Codicil 12 July 
1752 N. S. Marshland on Hog Island Creek and Cooper 
River to sons Charles and Thomas. Codicil 13 February 
1756. Charles Pinckney, late of Charlestown, South 
Carolina, now resident at Ripley, county Surrey. Be- 
quests of certain Slaves to wife and children in will 
revoked and others substituted, a tenement lately pur- 
chased in Ripley to wife Elizabeth, she to convey them 
to my son Charles Cotesworth, when he is 21. My uncle 
Richard Pinckney of Bishop Auckland, county Durham, 
died about 1726, seized of tenements in Buck Wingate 
Street in Bishop Auckland, alias Fenkill Street, now in 
tenure of John Curry and William Thomson and his 
Mother; these came to my Eldest Brother Thomas as 
heir at law and then on his decease intestate, in 1733, 
came to me as his heir at law; I then being and residing 
in parts beyond the seas, did not return until 1 May 
1733; these lands in Durham and York to my son Charles 
Cotesworth Pinckney. Executors: wife Elizabeth, Sons 
Charles and Thomas, when 21. Witnesses: George 
Morley, James Abercromby, Thomas Drayton. 25 No- 
vember 1758. Oath of George Morley of Somerset House 
in the Strand, Esq., and John Chatfield of Cliffords Inn, 

London, gent. 

Bogg, 100. 


Cotton Manufacturing in South Carolina.— The fol- 
lowing item from The South-Carolina and American 
General Gazette for Thursday, January 30, 1777, 
furnishes an illustration of the beginning of the devel- 
opment of the cotton manufacturing industry in South 

We are well informed, that a Planter to the Southward, who three 
Months ago had not a Negro that could either spin or weave, has now 
30 Hands constantly employed, from whom he gets 120 Yards of good 
wearable Stuff, made of Woollen and Cotton, every Week. He had 
only one white Woman to instruct the Negroes in Spinning, and one 
Man to instruct in weaving. He expects to have it in his Power not 
only to clothe his own Negroes, but soon to supply his Neighbours. 
The following so laudable an Example will be the most effecual 
Method of lessening the present exorbitant prices of Cloth. 

And the following article reprinted in The Charleston 
Mercury of November 26, 1836, under the heading 
"Vauclause Factory'', gives an idea of the progress of 
the industry in the succeeding half a century: 

Not long since, we made a visit to the Vauclause Factory of this dis- 
trict. This establishment is located 16 miles South of this place, 15 East 
of Hamburg, and 6 West of Aiken, on Horse Creek. It belongs to a 
Company which was incorporated three years ago, in the name of 
"the Vauclause Manufacturing Company." The site is most beauti- 
ful and imposing. To one who has been accustomed to hear only of the 
dull, level piney woods, it will be matter of surprise to know that 
there are deep, rich valleys, impetuous torrents, towering hills which 
overlook the surrounding country almost as far as the eye can reach, 
and a beautiful and varied foliage well calculated to feed the Poet's 
fancy and gratify to man of taste. The building is of fine granite, 
admirably constructed, five stories high, 100 feet by 40 feet. The 
supply of water is ample, there being enough for several such 
establishments. The Factory has been in operation not quite two 
years, yet the press for machinery has been such that it has gone 
into full operation, having consumed from one to one and a half bales 
of Cotton per day, besides the manufacture of a small portion of 
Woollens. The machinery, now in a state of preparation, will turn 
out from $250 to $300 worth of Goods per day. There is not the 


slightest difficulty in getting a market. From the growing reputa- 
tion of the Factory, and the high character given its fabrics by the 
most competent judges, the probability is, that in a year or more, 
the demand will be quadruple, even at an advanced price. The advan- 
age over Northern Factories is estimated at IJ cents per yard on 
heavy goods. There are fifty operatives, 30 whites, and 20 blacks. 
The blacks are equally apt and skilful in every department, except 
weaving. In this the whites are said to have the advantage, and are 
equally cheap. We can believe this, for we have seen enough to 
know that our piney woods weavers are hard to beat. It is a mistake 
to believe, that black labor cannot be used successfully in a Factory. 
It is the policy of the North to encourage this belief, and the superior 
intelligence of the white man is invoked to do that, which, in many 
instances, calls for no more mind than the grinding of a coffee mill. 
It is the manifest interest of the Northern mechanics who come 
among us, to prate lustily of the mysticism of machinery, and the ex- 
ceeding complication of all its operations, with the view of keeping 
down the competition of slave labor, and securing to themselves ex- 
travagant compensation for their services. 

There are now in the Vauclause Factory about 1500 spindles and 25 
looms, with the necessary machinery, and in a short time, these will 
be increased to double the amount. It is confidently believed, that 
the prospects are now far better than they have ever been. Particular 
circumstances which are within our knowledge, have hitherto re- 
tarded its complete success, but we trust that it will soon yield a 
handsome dividend to the stockholders. Under the supervision of its 
industrious and enterprising Superintendant, Mr. Gibbs, we think we 
have a right to expect it. We know that there would be a general 
regret if this first effort of the kind, in our part of the country, 
should fail. —Edgefield Advertiser. 

Gen. William Henderson.— The following account of 
the death of Gen. William Henderson is taken from 
The State Gazette of South-Carolina for Monday Febru- 
ary 11, 1788: 

Died on Tuesday the 29th ult. at his plantation. General William Hen- 
derson. — He was a brave and intrepid officer, and much beloved and 
respected for his many virtues. 

Capt. Swanson Lunsford. — On the State House grounds 
in Columbia, to the westward of the State House there 
is a solitary grave enclosed by an iron fence. Over the 
grave there is a stone bearing the following inscription : 

Cap. Swanson Lunsford / a / native of Va. , and for many years a 
resident of Columbia Died August 7th 1799., Aged about forty 


years./ He was a member of / Lee's Legion./ in the eventful period 
of '76./ This humble tribute to his / memory has been placed / by 
his only child / Mrs. M. L. & her Husband / Dr. John Douglass / of 
Chester, S. C. 

Up to a few months ago there was a large tree growing 
above the grave, but that has been removed by the Com- 
mission on State House Grounds. 

Fenwicke.— The following petition to the Court of 
Chancery not only gives a little Revolutionary history 
but a little Fenwicke family history. The original be- 
longs to the collection of Prof. Yates Snowden, of the 
University of South Carolina, who has kindly allowed 
it to be copied for publication: 

To the Honorable The Judges 
of the Court of Chancery in the 
State of South Carolina. 
The Petition of Robert Gibbes Esq^ Executor of the last Will & Tes- 
tament of Edward Fenwicke Esq', deceased & one of the Defendants 
to the Bill of Complaint of Mary DeBrahm & others. 
Humbly sheweth, 

That when the British Army came into this State in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred & seventy nine Edward Fenwicke 
another of the Defend*^ in the Suit above mentioned sent or carried 
off with him to Georgia upwards of one hundred negroes & some of 
them the most valuable that belonged to his Father's Estate — that 
your Petitioner hath since recovered but thirty two of them & they 
are of the least Value that the said Edward hath lately received by 
the Order of the Court one fifth Part of the Negroes still remaining 
of his Father's Estate altho he has never accounted for those not yet 
brought back— that there have lately arrived in this State upwards of 
twenty negroes belonging to the Estate whom the said Edward sent 
or carried off & he has also possessed himself of them. 

Your Petitioner further shews that the Estates of the three youngest 
Sons Robert William George & John Roger by the Misconduct of the 
said Edward & his Brother Thomas have been greatly injured & the 
value as well as the Number of the Negroes they would otherwise 
have had is thereby considerably lessened. Your Petitioner therefore 
hopes that the said Edward will be ordered to account before the 
Master on Oath for the Number of the Negroes that he sent or car- 
ried off setting forth particularly their names, Characters Occupation 
& Value— That the Negroes now in his Possession as well those lately 
arrived in this State as the fifth Part which were delivered him by 


the Order of the Court be divided into three Parts— that one third of 
them be allotted to Testator's Son John Roger, another to the repre- 
sentatives of Robert William & the remaining third to the representa- 
tives of George until they shall have respectively received their due 
Proportion according to value & not numbers of their Father's estate 
—that the said Edward be ordered also to account for the Hire of the 
said Negroes from the Time He sent or carried them off as aforesaid— 
that the Valuation of the Negroes be settled according to the Ap- 
praisement made of them soon after the Testator's Death— that as 
the demand ag"*. the said Edward has arisen from his taking Negroes 
& there are Negroes now here therefore whatever share Testator's 
son John Roger shall be entitled to the said Edward may be obliged to 
pay him in some of those negroes & not in money. 

if our Petitioner also prays that He may be authorized to lay out the 
Profits of the said John Roger's Estate in Negroes or in such other 
manner as He shall think most for the Benefit & Advantage of the 
said Minor. 

And your Petitioner will pray 
H: Rutledge 

for the Pet./ 

Endorsed: In Chancery 

The Petition of Robert 
Gibbes Esq', 
Filed 22 Septemb 

H: Rutledge 


Abercromby, James, 219 
Abjuration, oath of to George III., 84. 
Adams, Caroline, 115. 
Adams, Grace, 106. 
Adams, John, 43,122. 
Adams, WilHam, 209. 
Adam^s's Dictionary of American Au- 
thors, 41. 
Adjutant-General, Deputy, 81, 
Aiken 220 
Alabama, 40, 102 (2), 106, 108 (2), 109 

(4), 110, 117, 177, 180. 
Albany, N. Y., 3, 5, 6, 1, 11, 12, 13 

(2), 16 (3), 57, 58. 
Albemarle, N. C, colony of, 32. 
Albert, Daniel, 166. 
Aldrich, James, 2. 
Alexander, Mrs. Ann (Axtell), 169. 
Alexander, John, 169, 209. 
Allen, A., 209. 
Allen, James, 205. 
Allen, WiUiam, 215. 
Allston, Joseph, 138. 
Allston, Josias, 138. 
Allston, R. F. W., 44(2), 45. 
Allston family, 36. 
Amelia County, Va., 96. 
America, 8, 11, 42, 43, 46, 62, 64, 65, 

84, 122, 125. 142, 146 (2), 149, 184, 187, 

191, 193 (2). 
American Association, 136. 
American colleges, 40, 192. 
American Historical Review, 122. 
Ames, Oliver, 118. 
Ames, Susan Evelyn, 112, 118. 
Amherley's Britania Constitution, 217. 
Amory, Jonathan, 168, 171, 204, 204-5, 

205 (2), 208 (2), 209 (2). 
Amory, Thomas, 168. 
Amory & Company, Jonathan, 200. 

Anderson, , 121, 122. 

Anderson, Emily, 101, 109. 

Andrews, Charles M., 120. 

Antigua, 169, 217. 

Aquitaine, France, 59. 

Armand, Col., 13 (2), 14, 15, 18, 58, 

63, 64 (2), 65, 125, 128 (3), 129, 183, 

186, 187. 
Arms, 139, 141. 
Army of Northern Virginia, Medical 

Director of the Cavalry Corps of the, 


Arnold, , 122. 

Art (pictures, paintings), 42, 125, 216. 
Ashby, Anthony, 20 (Askly), 22(Ris- 

Ashepoo River, 218. 
Ashley, Lord (Anthony Ashley Cooper, 

Lord Ashley; subsequently Earl of 

Shaftesbury), 30. 
Ashley River, 31, 32, 171. 
Association (of South Carolina in the 

Revolution), 141-142; Henry Laurens's 

remarks anent signing the, 142-150. 

(See American Association.) 
Atkins, Samuel, 170 (2). 
Atlantic States, 121 (2). 
Attorney-Generals, 39. 
Augusta, Ga., 118. 
Auston, George, 198, 199. 
Averysboro, N. C, battle of, 180. 
Axson, Charles H., 102. 
Axtell, Holland, 169. 
Axtell, Rebecca, 169. 
Baker, Richard, 165. 
Ball, Elias, 126. 
Ball, Mrs. I. G., 180. 
Balloh, William, 205. 
Baltimore, Md., 40. 
Baptist Church, 40. 
Barbadoes, 32, 33, 104, 195, 202, 206 

(2), 208, 211 (2). 
Bard, Benjamin, 204. 
Barker, Mrs., 167. 
Barker, Thomas, 167. 
Barlicorn, Mr., 166. 
BarHcorn, Mrs. Eleanor, 166. 
Barnwell, Edward, 37, 38 (2). 
Barnwell, John (1711-17. . ), 36. 
Barnwell, John (1749-1800), 38, 39 (2), 

Barnwell, Joseph W., 2 (2); account of 

the descendants of Dr. Henry Wood- 
ward by, 29. 
Barnwell, Mrs. Mary (Gibbes), 35 (2). 
Barnwell, Nathaniel, 35 (2), 36 (2), 37, 

Barnwell, Robert (1761-1814), 38, 39. 
Barnwell, Robert Woodward (1801- 

1882), 39 (2), 40, 41. 
Barnwell, Robert Woodward (1831- 

1863), 40. 
Barnwell family, 36, 37, 38. 





Bartlett, Mary, 217. 
Bartlett, Mrs. Sarah, 217. 

Barton, , 106. 

Barton, Mrs. Agnes Wallace, 99, 106, 

Basden, Charles, 169, 206, 209. 
Baskerville, Hannibal, 120. 
Baskerville, Thomas, 120. 
Bates, Mrs. Sarah TaUiaferro, 175. 
Battery Wagner, 116. 
Bay, the, Charles Town, 47, 212 (2), 

213 (2), 218 (2). 
Bayworth, England. 120. 
Beale, Othniel, 218. 
Beaufort, 35 (3), 36 (2), 37, 216. 
Beauregard, G. T., 180. 
Beckwith, S. Cary, 178 (2). 
Bedon, EHzabeth, 196. 
Bedon, George, 196. 
Bedon, Henry, 212 (2). 
Bedon's Alley, Charles Town, 212 (2) 

213 (2), 215. 
Bee, Matthew, 197. 
Bee family, 36, 
Beech Hill, 218. 
Bell, Jacob, 105. 
Bell, John, 205. 

Bell & Company, John, 198, 199 (3). 
Bellfounder, 211. 
Bellmount (plantation), 217, 
Belvidere (plantation), 173. 
Benedict Institute, 100. 
Bentlett, George, 172. 
Bentonville, N. C, battle of, 180. 
Berkeley County, 47, 166, 169 (2), 195 

(2), 196, 205, 206 (2), 207, 210. 
Berkshire, England, 120. 
Bertand, Mrs. Anne, 169. 
Bertand, Pierre, 168 (2), 169. 
Betts, David B., 173. 
Bill, Thomas, 203 (2). 
Binnet, Matthew, 211. 
Birmingham, Ala., 180. 
Bishop, Job, 172, 197; abstract of will 

of, 197. 
Bishop, Mary, 197(2). 
Bishop Auckland (town), England, 

219 (2). 
Bishops, 40, 179. 
Bissell, Mrs. J. C, 180. 
Blake, John, 19. 

Blake, Joseph, 195, 200, 201, 206. 
Blake, William (1739-1803), 88, 91, 94. 
Board of War (Revolution), 6 (2), 9, 

10 (3), 13. 
Bogg (recorder of wills in England), 

216, 219. 
Bodlian Library, England, 120. 

Bolt, Henry, 168. 

Bolton, Wragg &, 217. 

Bonhoste, Jonas, 168, 169 (2) . 

Books, 217. (See Libraries.) 

Boone, John, 204, 207 (2). 

Boston, Mass., 18, 63 (2), 126, 141, 145, 

171, 202(3). 
Bouille, Marquis de, 127. 
Bounty, 130. 

Bower, Henry, 196, 208, 209 (3) . 
Bower, William, 196. 
Boycott (recorder of wills in England), 

Boyd, John, 166, 
Boykin, Charlotte L., 101, 109. 
Boyle, Hon. Mr., 218. 
Bradwell, Nathaniel, 75, 77 (2), 81, 83, 

84, 85, 86. 

Brailsf ord, , 157, 158 (2) . 

Brailsford, Edmund, correspondence 

between and his father, 151-163. 
Brailsford, Edmund, son of above, 151, 

155, 156(2), 163. 
Brailsford, George, 154. 
Brailsford, John, 151, 155. 
Brailsford, Joseph, 151, 155. 
Brailsford, Morton, 151. 
Brailsford, Samuel, 151. 
Brailsford family history, 151. 
Brashear, Marjory, 104, 112. 
Brashear, Sophy, 113. 
Brewton, Miles (1731-1775), 133. 
Brice, Major, 8. 
Bridge Town, Barbadoes, 211. 
Britania Constitution, Amherley's, 

British army, 222. 
British Empire in America (Oldmix- 

on), 32. 
British Pubhc Record Office, 30. 
Broad Lane, Great Britain, 204. 
Broad River, 95, 96. 
Broad Street, Charles Town, 54, 70. 
BrogHo, Marshal of, 61, 67 (2). 
Brooks, Susan, 105. 114. 
Broughton, Edward, 170. 
Broughton's Bastion, 70. 
Broun, Archibald, 215. 
Broun, Robert, 215. 
Brown, Catharine, 211. 
Brown, Christian, 211. 
Brown, John, 102. 
Brown, John G., 99. 
Brown, John T., 102. 
Browne, John, 207. 
Browne, Mrs. Mary (Godfrey), 33 (2), 

Browne, Robert, 33 (2). 



Brunson, Joe, 114. 

Brunswick County, Va., 96. 

Bryan, Hugh, 37. 

Buchanan, William, 212. 

Buck Wingate Street, Bishop Auck- 
land, England, 219. 

Buckley, John, 202. 

Buist, J. Somers, 55. 

Bull, Burnaby, 170. 

Bull, Mrs. Elizabeth (Woodward), 30. 

Bull, Stephen, 173, 197, 200, 201. 

Bull, Stephen, great-grandson of above, 
30(6), 38(2); Seal of, 30(2). 

Bull, WiUiam (1683-1755), 30-(2). 

Bull, William (1719-1791), 217, 219. 

Bull arms, 30. 

Bullman, Mrs. Anne, 196 (2) , 202 (2) . 

Bullman, Daniel, 171, 196 (2), 202 (2). 

Burden, John, 170. 

Buretell, Peter, 209. 

Burgo, Alice, 168. 

Burgoyne, Gen., 9. 

Burke, ^danus, 23. 

Burnham, Charles, 202. 

Burnham, Thomas, 219. 

Burr, Aaron, 120, 121, 122. 

Burroughs, Katie, 107, 115. 

Butler, A. P., 44, 45 (2). 

Butler, Matthew Calbraith, 111. 

Butler, Richard, 172, 204, 205 (2), 209. 

Calvert, Raymond, abstract of will of, 

Caldwell, John, 76, 140. 

Caldwell, WilHam, 19. 

Calhoun, John C. (1782-1850), 102. 

California, 39, 

Callibeuff, Isaac, 168. 

Calvert, Elizabeth, 98, 105. 

Cambray, Chevalier de, 186, 187, 188. 

Camden, 99, 109, 179, 180 (2), 191. 

Campbell, Dr., 112. 

Campbell, Lord William, 133; letter of 
to the Provincial Congress, 192; re- 
ply of the Commons House to, 192- 

Canada, 4, 5, 63, 126, 184. 

Canadian commander-in-chief, 3. 

Canadian expedition, 5, 14, 57, 62, 63. 

Cantey, Floride, 180. 

Cantey, James, 79. 

Cantey, William, 197. 

Cape Fear, 30, 31, 120, 196. 

Capers, Mrs. Mary, 166. 

Capers, Richard, 166, 168, 169, 202. 

Capers, William, 72. 

Capitaine, Mr., 59 (2), 66, 67, 126. 

Cardross, Lord, 32. 

Carleton, , 7. 

Carmichael, Mr., 182, 183. 

Carolina, 30 (2), 33, 59, 120 (2), 155, 
163, 164, 165 (2), 171, 195, 196, 202 (2), 
203 (3), 204 (2), 205 (3), 206i(5), 208, 
210, 211, 218. 

Carolina Merchant, 198, 199 (2). 

Carolina Sports, 41. 

Carpenters, 166. 

Carpets, 215. 

Carrickfurgus, Ireland, 204, 205. 

Carson, James, 36. 

Carteret, Mrs. Anne, 195, 196. 

Carteret, Hugh, son of above, 195 (2) . 

Carteret, Richard, 195, 196. 

Carteret, Robert, 195, 196. 

Cartwright, Mrs. Anne, 165. 

Cartwright, Hugh, 165. 

Catawba River, 96. 

Cathcart, Woodroff and, 212 (2), 213. 

Catoylne, Marquis de, 11. 

Cattell, Benjamin, 80, 190. 

Cattell, William, 190 (2). 

Caw, Mrs. Rachel, 215. 

Center, Major, 95. 

Chalmers, Lieut., 116. 

Chamberlayne, Thomas, 196. 

Chancery, Court of, 222. 

Chapman, WiUiam, 203, 206. 

Chardon, Isaac, 37 (2). 

Chardon, Sarah, 38. 

Charles, II., 30. 

Charles, Mrs. Frances (Taylor), 101, 

Charles, Robert, 100. 

Charles River, N. C, 30. 

Charles Town (became Charleston in 
1783), 19 (5), 20 (2), 21,22 (5), 23(3), 
24 (3), 26 (2), 32, 37, 46, 47 (2), 48 (3), 
52(5), 53, 69(2), 70,71,72, 74(2), 
75 (2), 76, 77, 78(2), 79(4), 80(2), 
81 (3) , 82 (2) , 83 (2) , 84 (3) , 86 (4) , 
87 (2), 97, 120, 131, 132, 133, 135, 136, 
137 (2), 138 (2), 140 (3), 151, 158, 166, 
184, 185, 189, 200(3), 201,202,203(3), 
206 (2), 207, 210, 211 (3), 212 (7), 213 
(2), 214, 215, 216(6), 217, 218(2), 
219; old churchyard of, 217. 

Charleston (Charles Town prior to 
1783), 35, 46, 54(3), 55(3), 116, 117, 
121(2), 151,173, 174, 178, 179(2), 
180 (3) ; Year Book of, 30; College of, 
40, 41, 180; Orphan House of, 45, 55 (2). 

Charleston Country Club, 173. 

Charleston County, Probate Court 
records of, 33, 34(2), 35(2), 164; 
Mesne Conveyance records of, 33. 

Charleston District, 54. 

Charleston Light Dragoons, 110. 



Charleston Mercury^ The, 41, 220. 

Chatfield, John, 219. 

Cheraw, 55. 

Chesnut, John, 99. 

Chesnut, Sarah Cantey, 96, 99. 

Chesnut, Thomas, 107. 

Chester, 222. 

Cheves, Langdon, 2, 30, 32. 

Chief -Justice, 35(2). 

Child, James, 207(2). 

Child, Joseph, 197. 

Child, Paul, 197. 

Chitty, Charles King, bill of to Secret 
Committee, 140-141. 

Choisueil, Duke de, 65. 

Christ Church Parish, 140. 

Churne, Anthony, 196. 

Clapp, John, 171, 203. 

Clarendon County, N. C, 31. 

Clark, Dr. Samuel, works of, 218. 

Clarkson, Samuel, 115. 

Cleland, John, 219. 

Clement, Henry, 201, 202. 

Cleveland, John B., 2. 

Cliff, Mrs. Jane, 171. 

Chfford, Lieut., 20, 21, 22 (2), 23, 25(2). 

Clifford, Mrs. Margaret, 206 (3), 209. 

Clifford, Stephen, 206. 

Clifford's Inn, London, England, 219. 

Clinton, Governor (New York) , 6, 13, 
18, 62. 

CHnton, Sir Henry, 183 (2). 

Clothier-General, 28(2). 

Clothing for Revolutionary troops, 183. 

Clothing for South Carolina troops in 
Revolution, 26-27, 28. 

Clowter, Thomas, 203. 

Clubs in South Carolina, 89. 

Coates, Christopher, 54, 179. 

Coats-of-arms, 29-30, 215. 

Cobb, Martin, 166. 

Cochran, Robert, 139, 140. 

Cock, Martin, 203. 

Cockfield, John, 195. 

Cockfield, WilHam, 195-6, 196. 

Coffin, Eliza M., 108, 116. 

Colcock, Charles J. (1820-1891), 39. 

Colcock, Charles J. (1852-) , 2. 

Colcock, William Ferguson, 39, 40. 

Colcock family, 37. 

Cole, Henry, 209. 

Cole, Joanna, 167. 

Cole, Robert, 167, 168. 

Coles, Mrs. Eliza Cocke, 103. 

Coles, Sally Webb, 97, 103, 175. 

Coles, Walter, 103. 

Collections of the South Carolina His- 
torical Society, 30, 32 (2), 33. 

College of Charleston, 40, 41, 180. 

Colleton, James, 195. 

Colleton, Sir Peter, 201. 

Colleton County, 166, 195, 196, 198, 208. 

Colleton Square, Charleston, 213, 217, 
218, 219. 

Columbia, 35, 41, 42, 95, 96, 100, 101, 
102(2), 103, 105, 106(2), 107, 108, 109 
(3), 110, 111, 115, 118, 119(3), 178, 
180, 221 (2) ; first intendent of, 98. 

Columbia Flying Artillery, 111. 

Columbus, Miss., 177. 

Combahee Causey, 212. 

Combahee River, 212, 213 (2). 

Comer, John, 202. 

Coming, John, 195, 201. 

Commissary-General, 77, 97; Deputy, 
74, 76(2), 97. 

Commissioner of Phosphates, 111. 

Committees, district and parochial, 

Commons House of Assembly of South 
Carolina, 33-4, 192. 

Compromise, 8, 14. 

Conant, Richard, 173, 200, 201. 

Confederate War, 39(2), 40,107,110, 
113, 114(2), 115(3), 179. 

Congaree Cavaliers, 107. 

Congaree Mounted Riflemen, 107, 116. 

Congaree River, 97. 

Congaree Troop, 115. 

Congregational Church ("White Meet- 
ing"), Charles Town, Independent, 

Congress, Continental, 4, 5, 6 (3), 8 (3), 
9(4), 10(2), 11(2), 12, 13(2), 14, 15, 
16, 18, 27 (2), 28, 57 (2), 58 (2), 59 (5), 
60(4), 61,63, 64(2), 65(4), 66(2), 
67 (2), 76, 81, 82, 125 (3), 126 (2), 127, 
128 (5), 129 (5), 130 (4), 136, 146, 182 
(3), 183, 185, 186(2), 191; president 
of the Continental, 9,15(2), 60,66, 
126, 185, 187 (2) ; letter of General 
Committee to South Carolina dele- 
gates to Continental, 136-137, 138; 
United States, 39 (2), 98, 117. 

Connecticut, 120. 

Constitutional Convention of 1865, 107. 

Continental Congress, 4, 5, 6(3), 8(3), 
9 (4), 10 (2), 11 (2), 12, 13 (2), 14, 15, 
16, 18, 27 (2), 28, 57 (2), 58 (2), 59 (5), 
60(4), 61, 63, 64(2), 65(4), 66(2), 
67 (2), 76, 81, 82, 125 (3), 126 (2), 127, 
128K5), 129 (5), 130 (4), 136, 146, 182 
(3), 183, 185, 186(2), 191; president 
of, 9, 15 (2), 60, 66, 126, 185, 187 (2); 
letter of General Committee to South 
Carolina delegates to, 136-137, 138. 



Continental Establishment (army), 11; 
order book of the 1st. Regt. of the 
South Carolina Line of the, 19-28, 79- 

Conway, Robert, 4 (2), 5, 7, 10, 11 (3), 
12, 13(3), 16, 182(2), 185, 187(2). 

Cooper, Anthony Ashley (Lord Ash- 
ley), 30. 

Cooper River, 54, 203, 219. 

Coopers, 169, 195, 206. 

Copias, Margaret, 167. 

Corker, John, 75, 78. 

Cottingham, John, abstract of will of, 

Cottingham, Sarah, 203(3). 

Cotton Manufacturing in South Caro- 
lina, 220-221. 

Cotton Seed Oil, 118. 

Council, His Majesty's of South Caro- 
lina, 218. 

Country Club, Charleston, 173. 

Court of Ordinary, Province of South 
Carolina, 33; abstracts from the 
records of, 164-172, 195-210. 

Courtis, Daniel, 196(2), 197. 

Craven's Bastion, 23. 

Cripps, John, 131 (2), 184; letter of the 
Marquis de Lafayette to, 184-185. 

Crockatt, James, 51 (2). 

Croft, Edward, 51. 

Cromartie, Scotland, 211. 

Crown and Scepter, Great Britain, 204. 

Cumberland country of Tennessee, 121. 

Curry, John, 219. 

Cuthbert, James Hazzard, 41. 

Cuthbert, Mrs. Mary (Axtell), 169. 

Cuthbert family, 36. 

Cuttino, Jeremiah, 168. 

Cypress (swamp), 214. 

Dahoo (plantation), 198. 

Dalrymple's Memoirs, 149. 

Dalton, Thomas, 170. 

Daniell, The, 210(2). 

Daniell, Robert, 210. 

Daniell, Sarah, 95, 97. 

Dart, Isaac Motte, 174. 

Davant, Thomas S., 110. 

Davies, Howell, 203. 

Davis, Mrs. Mary (Godfrey), 33. 

Davis, Thomas, 203. 

Davis, Thomas F., 179. 

Davis, William, 33. 

Davis, William R., 88. 

Day, WiUiam, 171 (2), 204 (2). 

Dayen, Duke, 59. 

de Bouille, Marquis, 127. 

DeBrahm, Ferdinand, 81-2. 

DeBrahm, Mary, 222. 

de Cambray, Chevaher, 186, 187, 188. 

de Catoylne, Marquis, 11. 

de Choisueil, Duke, 65. 

de Failly, Col., 4, 129(3). 

de Fayolles, Chevalier, 127. 

de Francy, Monsieur, 62, 123 (2). 

DeKalb, Baron, 10(2), 13, 60. 

deLuce, Mr., 4, 129. 

de Mouchy, Marshal, 65. 

de Noailles, Marquis, 130. 

de Second, Mr., 59. 

de St. Marie, Levacher. See Lavacher. 

Deane, Mr., 59. 

Deane, Simeon,' 125 

Dearsley, George, 204, 209. 

Deas, Catherine, 212. 

Deas, David, 212(3), 213, 215, 216(5). 

Deas, David (younger), 215, 216. 

Deas, Mrs. Elizabeth ( Alien) , 212 (2) , 

214(2), 215(4). 
Deas, Elizabeth, 212. 
Deas, John, 212(2), 213(4), 214, 215 

(2), 216 (3). 
Deas, John, son of above, 212, 214, 

215, 216. 
Deas, Mary, 212, 215(2). 
Deas, Seaman, 215(3), 216. 
Deas, WilHam Allen, 215, 216. 
Declaration of Independence, 14. 
Defence of Charleston Harbor (John- 
son), 180. 
Delaware River, 125. 
Deputy Adjutant-General, 81. 
Deputy Commissary-General, 74, 76 

(2), 97. 
Deputy Judge-Advocate for South 

Carolina and Georgia, 81. 
Deputy Muster-Master, 75, 78. 
Deputy Quarter-Master-General, 19, 20, 

74, 78, 85(2). 
Deputy Secretary, 169, 203(2), 204, 

205 (3), 206, 207(3), 208, 209(3), 

Deserters, 18, 63, 73, 74, 128, 129, 130. 
Deuerax, Robert, 203. 
Diamond, 170, 198(4), 199(2). 
Diamonds, 217(2). 
Dick, Robert, 216. 
Dictionary of American Authors, 

Adams's, 41; Alibones, 41, 
Didcott, John, 203. 
Director-General of Hospitals, 78. 
Doctors, 29-33, 168, 211, 216. 
Dolphin, 204. 
Donne, Robert, 203. 
Dorchester, 19, 89, 90. 
Dorrell, John, 202. 
Douglass, John, 222. 



Douglass, Mrs. M. L., 222. 

Downs, John, 72. 

D'Oyley, Daniel, 213. 

Drayton, Glen, 19, 21, 75. 

Drayton, Thomas, 219. 

Drayton, WiUiam Henry, 133, 139, 140, 

141 (2), 191; Edward Weyman's letters 

to, 139-140. 
du Chatelet, Duke, 128. 
du Plessis, Chevalier Mauduit, 13, 60. 
DuPont, Cornelius, 37. 
du Portail, Gen., 11, 13.. 
DuPre, James, 169, 208. 
DuPre, Josias, 169(2). 
Duffie, Ellen, 115, 119. 
Dukes, John, 81. 
Dunlop, William, 170. 
Dunston, Wilson, 209. 
Durham, county, England, 219 (2) . 
Dyer, Gyles, 202. 
Eaglesfield, Ann, 211. 
Eaglesfield, John, 211. 
East Florida, 215. 

Eaton, , 121. 

Edgefield Advertiser, 221. 

Edgehill (plantation), 103, 111. 

Edinburgh, Scotland, 212, 215. 

Edisto Island, 32, 196, 208, 209. 

Editors, 41(2). 

Edmunds, Lieut., 24, 26. 

Edmunds, R. H., 105. 

Education (schools, colleges, teachers, 

etc.) 40 (3), 41, 54(2), 98,102, 109 

(2), 110, 111, 115, 116,117, 118(2), 

120, 161, 172, 203, 218. 
Edwards, Joseph, 208, 209. 
Electors for South Carolina in 1800, 

Elk River, 122. 
Elhcott, Joseph, 206. 
Elliott, Barnard, 190(2). 
ElHott, Henry Stuart, 39. 
Elliott, John, 79. 
Elliott, John Habersham, 40. 
Elliott, Joseph, 20(2), 21, 22(2) 23(2), 

24(2), 26, 72, 74, 75. 
Elliott, Robert Woodward Barnwell, 

EUiott, Sarah Barnwell, 41. 
Elliott, Stephen (botanist), 41. 
Elliott, Stephen (P. E. Bishop of 

Georgia), 40, 41. 
Elliott, Stephen (Confederate officer), 

39(2), 40. 
EUiott, WilHam (author), 41. 
EUiott, William (Congressman), 39. 
EUis, Joseph, 210. 
EUton, Mr., 204. 

Elmore, Albert R., 107. 

Elmore, Albert S., 108. 

Elmore, Franklin H., 99, 110, 114. 

Elmore, Mary, 107, 114. 

Elmore, Sally, 103, 110. 

Emms, Thomas, 172 (2), 197 (3). 

Emms, William, 197(2). 

Emperor, John, 202. 

Engineer, 82. 

England, 8, 65, 133, 149, 156(2), 157 
(2), 158, 161, 170(2), 189, 217,218; 
commissioners from to the United 
States, 125; war between France and, 
129; South Carolina Gleanings in, 211- 
219; Rapin's History of and Tindal's 
Continuation thereof, 217. 

EngUsh, 18, 181. 

Enniscorthy (plantation), 103, 175. 

Enquiry into the English Constitution 
(Squire), 217. 

Espalango (plantation), 218. 

Europe, 10(2), 68, 125(2). 

Evans, Edward, 106. 

Evans, George, 88, 92. 

Eve, Abraham, 168. 

Eveleigh, Nicholas, 81, 190. 

Exchange of prisoners, 58, 61. 

Executions, 78. 

Exter College, Oxford University, 
England, 120(2). 

FaiUy, Col. de, 4, 129(3). 

Fairchild, John, 95. 

Farmington, Conn., 120. 

Farr, Natxianiel, 88. 

Fast, 191. 

FayoUes, Chevalier de, 127. 

Fear, Cape, 30, 31, 120, 196. 

FederaUsts, 122. 

Fellow, Gen., 4. 

FenkiU Street, Bishop Auckland, Eng- 
land, 219. 

Fenwicke, , 174. 

Fenwicke, Edward, petition in regard 
to negroes of estate of, 222-223. 

Fenwicke, Edward, son of above, 222 

Fenwicke, George, 222, 223 (3). 

Fenwicke, John, 51. 

Fenwicke, John Roger, 222, 223 (3). 

Fenwicke, Robert, 204(2), 205. 

Fenwicke, Robert WiUiam, 222. 

Fenwicke, Thomas, 222. 

Fenwicke family history, 222-223. 

Fiddling, Francis, 165, 170. 

Finley, William Peronneau, 41. 

Finley family, 37. 

Fire Insurance Company, An earlv, 



Fishburne, William, 19, 20, 22 (2), 23 
(2), 25 (3), 69, 75 (2), 78, 79, 80 (2), 
81, 82, 84(2), 85(2), 86, 88. 
Fishing Creek, battle of, 96. 
Fishkill, N. Y., 12, 13 (3), 14, 16, 57. 
FitzSimons, Christopher, 54. 
Flanders, 149. 

Florida, 36, 105, 119, 121, 215. 
Flower, Mrs. Elizabeth (Woodward), 

34, 35. 
Flower, Jane, 207 (3). 
Flower, Joseph Edward, 34, 37. 
Flower, Mary, 35, 37. 
Flower, Richard Woodward, 35, 37. 
Fludyer Street, London, England, 134. 
Fontain, Dr., Ill (2). 
Ford family, 38. 
Fort Johnson, 70 (3). 
Fort Moultrie, 70 (3). 
Fort Sumter, 40, 107, 111, 116, 179, 

Fort Washington, 17. 
Foster, Thomas, 167, 168. 
Four Holes, 218. 
Fowler, William H., 106. 
Fox, Charles, 66. 
Frampton, Mary, 168. 
Frampton, Richard, 168. 
Frampton, Richard, son of above, 168. 
France, 5, 10, 11 (2), 16, 42, 44, 60, 
64(2), 66, 67, 124, 125(3), 127(3), 
128, 131 (2), 183, 184, 187; treaty be- 
tween United States and, 124; war 
between England and, 129. 
Franchpoire, James, 211. 
Francis, Mr., 204. 
Francy, Monsieur de, 62, 123 (2) . 

Franklin, , 177. 

Franklin, Benjamin, 42, 43 (3), 186. 
Eraser, Alexander, 20, 21, 22 (3) , 25, 
26, 69, 74, 75, 77, 78(2), 79, 81, 83, 
84, 85, 86, 137. 

Frazee, , 113. 

Freeman, John, 207. 
French Alley, Charles Town, 219. 
French officers, 10, 11, 14, 58-9, 129, 

Friday, , 97. 

Friendly Society for the Mutual Insur- 
ing of Houses Against Fire, 46-53. 
Frowman, John, 196. 
Fuller, Robert Means, 40. 
Fuller, Richard, 40, 41. 
Fuller family, 36. 
Furloughs, 23-24, 82, 84, 85. 
Furniture, 216 (2). 
Futhy, Jane, 167. 
Gadsden, Thomas, 22, 23(2), 24(2), 

25(2), 69(2), 72, 75, 88. 
Gaillard, Peter C, 54. 
Gallier, Peter, 202. 

Gaines's Mill, battle of, 107, 115, 176. 
Galphin, George, 140. 
Gambling, 70-72. 

Gascoigne, Charles Richmond, 218. 
Gates, Horatio, 4, 7, 9, 10, 12, 15 (2), 

16 (2), 17, 62 (3), 67, 125, 129 (2). 
Gazette, The South-Carolina, 30, 37, 

46 (2), 47, 51, 53. 
Gazette, The South- Carolina and 

American General, 220. 
Gazette and Its Successors, Marriage 

Notices in The South-Carolina (Sal- 
ley), 189. 
Gazette and Timothy's Daily Adver- 
tiser, South-Carolina State, 36. 
Gazette of South-Carolina, The State, 

Geiger, Virginia Lee, 108, 116. 
General Assembly, 26 (2), 44, 45, 48, 

70, 96, 98, 102, 103, 106, 107, 110, 111, 

General Committee, miscellaneous 

papers of the, 132-150, 189-194. 
General Hospital, 81, 83, 85. 
George III., 84, 144. 
Georgia, 36(2), 81(2), 104(3), 114, 

118, 122, 180, 222. 
Gerrenson, Paul, 81. 
Gettysburg, battle of. 111. 
Gibbes, Anne, 36. 
Gibbes, EUzabeth, 34, 36. 
Gibbes, James S., 40. 
Gibbes, John (1696-1764), 33, 34(2), 

Gibbes, John (1733-1 . . . ), 35, 36. 
Gibbes, Lewis Reeve, 40. 41. 
Gibbes, Mrs. Mary (Woodward), 34 (2). 
Gibbes, Mary, 35. 
Gibbes, Robert (1645-1715), 35. 
Gibbes, Robert (1732-1794), 35, 36; 

petition of to Court of Chancery, 

Gibbes, Robert Wilson, 35, 111, 
Gibbes, Sarah, 36. 
Gibbes, William (1689-1733), 35. 
Gibbes, WiUiam (1722-1782), 132 (2). 
Gibbes Chart (Wilson), 35. 
Gibbs, Mr., 221. 
Gignilliat, John Francis, 209. 
Gilbertson, James, 196. 
Gill, Francis, 211(2). 
Gill, John, 211 (2). 

Gill, WilHam, abstract of will of, 211. 
Gilmer, Frank, 106. 
Gilmer, Meriweather, 106. 



Gimat, Col., 128, 129. 

Glaze, Gabriel, 197. 

Glaze, John, 88, 91 (2), 93, 94. 

Glen, William, Jr., 132. 

Glover, Joseph, Jr., 19, 20, 22, 23 (2), 

24(2), 25(2), 69, 75 (2), 78, 79(2), 

81, 82(2), 83, 84, 86, 87. 
Godfrey, John, 33 (3), 173. 
Godfrey, Mrs. Mary, 33. 
Godin, Benjamin, 36. 
Godin, Elizabeth, 36, 
Gonzales, N. G., 41. 
Goodrich, Elizur, letter of to Timothy 

Pitkin, 120. 
Goodwyn, John, 97 (2) . 
Goodwyn, John T., 103. 
Goodwyn, Julia, 176. 
Goose Creek, 214, 215. 
Gordon, Alexander, 219. 
Gough, Richard, 216. 
Gouvion, Lt.-Col., 127, 187. 
Governors, 35, 39, 44, 98, 133, 168, 191, 

195, 201, 203. 
Grace Church, Camden, 180. 
Grand Council of South Carolina, 

Journal of the, 200, 201. 
Grant, Gen. (British), 183. 
Granville Bastion, 23. 
Graves, Thomas, 169. 
Great Britain, 47, 84, 97, 135, 142, 192, 


Greatbeach, , 168. 

Greatbeach, Thomas, 197. 

Gregg's Regiment (1st. S. C. V.), 115. 

Green, Holcott P., 103. 

Greene, Nathanael, 179. 

Greensboro, N. C, 180. 

Gregorie family, 37. 

Grimball, Paul, 171, 195(2), 201(2), 

208, 209. 
Grimke, Frederick, 216. 
Gruber, Samuel, 137 (3), 138 (3), 140. 
Gudgerfield, Thomas, 170. 
Guerard, Peter, 206, 208, 209. 
Guignard, Gabriel, 219. 
Guin, Nicholas, 82. 
Giinthermann, J. M., 42. 
Habeas Corpus, 122. 
Hafford, Edward, 205. 
Hails, Mary, 100, 108. 
Hails, Sarah, 99, 106. 
Hairston, Hugh S., 177. 
Hall, Thomas, 22. 
Hall (George Abbott) family, 36. 
Hamburg, 220. 

Hamilton, Daniel Heyward, 39. 
Hamilton, Euphemia A., 110. 
Hamilton, John, 169, 203 (2), 204, 205 

(3), 206 (3), 207 (3), 208 (2), 209 (3), 

210 (2). 
Hamilton (Governor James) family, 36. 
Hampton (plantation), 138. 
Hampton, Wade, 88. 
Hampton, Wade (1818-1902), grandson 

of above, 110, 111(3). 
Hampton Legion, 110, 111. 
Hanckel, Eliza C, 110, 117. 
Hanckel, Thomas Middleton, 40. 
Hancock, John, 14. 
Hanover, the Royal house of, 142. 
Hardent, John Smith, 208. 
Hardy, John, 207. 
Harleston, Isaac, 19, 174, 190. 
Harleston, John, 174. 
Harleston, Sarah Hasell, 54. 
Harleston 's Point, 86. 
Harlock, James, 73. 
Harrington, Henry William, 137. 
Harris, Jessie, 114. 
Harrison, Gen. (Confederate army), 

Harrison, Benjamin, 42. 
Harrison, Thomas, 198, 199. 
Hart, Samuel, 19. 
Harvard College, 40. 

Harwell, , 102. 

Harwood, , 167. 

Hatchman, Joseph, 204. 

Hatley, Roger Peter Handasyd, 216. 

Hawthorn, James, 22. 

Hay, , 95. 

Hayne, Arthur Peronneau, 39. 
Hayne, Franklin Brevard, 40. 
Hayne, Isaac (1745-1781), 38(2). 
Hayne, Isaac William, 39. 
Hayne, Paul Hamilton, 40, 41. 
Hayne, Robert Y. (1791-1839), 38, 39 

(3), 41. 
Hayne, Robert Y. (1853-1903), 39, 41. 
Hayne, Sarah Martha, 99, 107. 
Hayne, William (1766-1817), 38. 
Hayne, William Hamilton, 41. 
Hayne family, 38. 
Hazlehurst family, 36. 
Heath, Emma, 104. 
Heath, Epectetus, 104. 
Heath, Mrs. Mary Irons (Taylor), 104 

Heath, Thomas, 95. 
Heath, Thomas (later), 104. 
Heath, William, 104, 105. 
Heath, WiUiam, son of above, 104. 
Henderson, Eliza M., 98, 104. 
Henderson, Wilham, 20, 73, 104, 221. 
Herriott's Hospital, Edinburgh, Scot- 
land. 215. 



Hessians, 18, 129. 
Hext, Elizabeth, 189. 
Hext, David, 189. 
Hext, William, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. 
Heyward, Anna, 103, 112. 
Heyward, Duncan Clinch, 39. 
Heyward, Nathaniel, 112. 
Heyward family, 36 (2). 

Hickman, , 122. 

Hickman, Leonard, 172, 205 (2), 209. 
Hill, Burrell, 73(2). 
Hill, John, Sr., 207. 
Hill, Richard, 197. 
Hill, Mrs. Sarah, 170, 171 (3). 
Hill, Shenasan, 165(2). 
Hill, Thomas, 165 (2), 170(2), 171 (2). 
Hirons, Mary, 95, 97. 
Hirons, Peggy, 103. 
Hirons, Sarah, 95, 98. 
Hispianola, 198. 

Historical Commission of South Caro- 
lina, 33, 99, 173. 
Historical Essay (St. Amand) , 217. 
Historical Notes, 42-53, 120-122, 173- 

177 220-223 
Hobson, Joshua, 168, 169, 195, 200, 205, 

Hog Island Creek, 219. 
Holcombe Legion, 107, 116. 

Holliday's, 21. 

Hollowbush, John, 207. 

Holman, , 140. 

Holmes, Isaac, 51. 

Holt, , 106, 175. 

Hookley, Walter, 209 (2). 

Hopton, Mrs. Sarah, 216. 

Hopton, WilHam, 216. 

Horry, Daniel, 137, 190(2). 

Horry, Peter, 190 (2). 

Horse Creek, 220. 

Horse racing, 56, 88, 103, 174. 

Hort, William, 97. 

Hospital, Director-General of, 78; 
General, 81, 83, 85. 

Houdon, Jean Antoine, statue of George 
Washington by, 42-46. 

House, Sarah, 105, 114. 

House of Representatives, clerk of, .46. 

Howe, Admiral Lord, 183. 

Howe, Robert, 20, 70, 71 (2), 72, 81, 

Howe, Sir William, 17, 62, 183 (2). 

Howe, W. B. W., 180. 

Howell, Benjamin Ferdinand, 140. 

Howell, Jesse, 98. 

Howell, Jesse Malachi, 103. 

Hubard Foundry, W. J., Richmond, 
42, 44. 

Huger, Benjamin, 54. 

Huger, Isaac, 74. 

Huger, Francis, 190. 

Huger, William H., biographical sketch 
of, 54-56. 

Huguenot Society of South Carolina^ 
Transactions oj they 168, 170. 

Hulbert, James, 170(2). 

Hunt, James, 96. 

Hunter, George, 95. 

Huson, Mamie, 115, 119. 

Hutchinson, Mathias, 92, 93, 94. 

Hutson, Anne, 38. 

Hutson, Charles Woodward, 41. 

Hutson, EHzabeth, 38. 

Hutson, Esther, 38 (2). 

Hutson, Isaac M., 40. 

Hutson, Mrs. Mary (Woodward), 37. 

Hutson, Mary, 38. 

Hutson, Richard, 38, 39. 

Hutson, Thomas, 38. 

Hutson, William, 37. 

Hutson family, 37. 

Hyrne, Edmund, 87, 190. 

Independence of the United States de- 
clared in France, 66. 

Independent Congregational Church 
(''White Meeting"), Charles Town, 

Indian Agent, 32. 

Indian trade, 32. 

Indians, 6, 31, 32(2), 122, 126, 129, 
169, 183 (2), 187. 

Inglishby Nathaniel, 202 (2) . 

Ingraham, Duncan Nathaniel, 40. 

Ingraham family, 36. 

Innes, Alexander, correspondence be- 
tween Henry Laurens and, 133-135. 

Insurance Company, an early fire, 46- 

Intelligence, Committee of, 191 (2). 

loor, Joseph, 79, 92, 94. 

Ireland, 75, 204, 205. 

Ireland, John, 171. 

Ireland, Richard, 196, 209. 

Izard, Mrs. Emma (Middleton), 122. 

Izard, Henry (1771-1826), letter of 
Henry M. Rutledge to, 121-122. 

Izard, Ralph (16. .-1711), 207 (2). 

Izard, Ralph (175.-180.), 88, 91, 92, 93. 

Izard, Walter (175.-1788), 88, 91, 94. 

Jackson, Miss., 180. 

Jackson, , 113. 

Jackson, Andrew, 121. 

Jackson, Mrs. Esther, 202. 

Jackson, Samuel, 202. 

Jackson, Thomas Jonathan (•'Stone- 
wall"), 111. 



Jackson, William, 19, 21, 22 (2), 23 (2), 
24, 25(2), 69(2), 74, 75, 76, 78(2), 
7) (2), 80, 82. 

Jacksonborough Assembly (1782), 96. 

Jacksonville, Fla., 119 

Jamaica, 170, 198 (2), 199 (2), 206. 

James II., 149. 

James Island, 37, 55, 197. 

Jefferson, Thomas, 42, 43 (2) , 120 (2) . 

Jefferson Society, University of Vir- 
ginia, 179. 

Jervey, Theodore D., 2. 

Jervey, Thomas, 74, 75. 

Jewell, Nathaniel, 202. 

Jewelry, 33, 169, 217. 

Johuson, Fort, 70 (3). 

Johnson, Francis B., 180. 

Johnson, Henry M., 180. 

Johnson, J. W. C, 180. 

Johnson, John (1829-1907), 2; biograph- 
ical sketch of, 178-180. 

Johnson, Joseph, 179. 

Johnson, Joseph, grandson of above, 

Johnson, Sir Nathaniel, 166. 

Johnson, Robert P., 180. 

Johnson, William, 179 (2). 

Johnson, William (1771-1834), son of 
above, 98, 179. 

Johnson's Island, 116, 119. 

Johnston, Joseph E., 180. 

Johnstown, N. Y., 6, 7. 

Jones, Ann, 204. 

Jones, Edward, 207. 

Jones, EHzabeth Sarah, 204. 

Jones, Francis, abstract of will of, 
204; 205(2), 209. 

Jones, Francis, son of above, 204. 

Jones, John, 102. 

Jones, Lewry Mary, 204. 

Jones, Mrs. Mary, 204(2), 205(2). 

Jones, Philip, 204. 

Jones, Thomas, 213. 

Jordan, Daniel, 81, 82. 

Judge-Advocate, Deputy, 81. 

Keating, Maurice, 214. 

Keith, Alexander, 92, 93. 

Keith, James, 216. 

Kendall, Helen, 211. 

King, Capt., 140. 

King's Bridge, 17(2). 

Kinsler, , 99, 107. 

Knapp, John, 26. 

Kollock, Charles W., 2. 

Kollock, Cornelius, 54. 

Kosciuszko, Thaddeus, 9. 

la Neuville, Monsieur de, 126 (2). 

La Salle, Peter, 168, 171, 207 (2), 208 
(3), 209. 

La Varrena, 127. 

Lacey, William, 81. 

Ladson, Abraham, 88, 92, 93, 94. 

Ladson, Mrs. Anne (Gibbes), 35. 

Ladson, Mrs. Elizabeth (Gibbes), 35. 

Ladson, James, 83, 84 (2), 85. 

Ladson, John, 165, 203 (2). 

Ladson, John (later), 36. 

Ladson, William, 36. 

Ladson family, 36. 

Lafayette, Marquis de, letters to Henry 
Laurens from, 3-18, 57-68, 123-131, 

Lamand, Benjamin, 203. 

Lamboll, Benjamin, 168. 

Landgraves, 169, 195. 

Laurens, Henry, 192; letters from the 
Marquis de Lafayette to, 3-18, 57-68, 
123-131, 181-188; correspondence be- 
tween Alexander Innes and, 133-135; 
letter of Robert WiUiams, Jr., to, 
189; Rev. William Tennent's letter to, 

Laurens, John (-1747), 51. 

Laurens, John (1754-1782), 187. 

Laurens Collection, South Carolina 
Historical Society, 132, 135. 

Laurens's Wharf, Charles Town, bat- 
tery at, 23. 

Lavacher de St. Marie, 19, 21, 77, 78, 
79, 80(2), 82, 83, 86(2). 

Lawson, , 89. 

Lawson, Anthony, 168 (2) . 

Lawson, Mrs. Honoria, 168 (2), 169. 

Le Noble, Henry, 171, 208. 

Le Sage, , 169. 

Le Serurier, James, 171. 

Leckie, James, 132(2), 133. 

Lectures, 218. 

Lee, Charles, 16, 126. 

Lee, Henry, legion of, 222. 

Lee, Richard Henry, 182, 183. 

Leeward Islands, 31. 

Legard (recorder of wills in England) , 

Legare, Daniel, 145, 149. 

Legislature. See General Assembly. 

Leigh, Egerton, 213. 

Leith, Great Britain, 211 (3) , 212 (2) . 

Lempriere, Clement, 137 (2) . 

Lennox, Catherine, 212. 

Lennox, James, 212 (3), 213, 216 (5). 

Lennox, William, 212, 213, 216(3). 

Leveinole, Mrs. Margaret, 167. 

Leveinole, Robert, 167(2). 

Leverett, Charles Edward, 40. 



Leverett, Milton, 30. 

Lewis, Surgeon's Mate, 26. 

Lewis, Louisa, 104, 113. 

Lewis, Thomas H., 104. 

Lewis, William B., 104. 

Lexington, Va., 44. 

Lexington County, 107, 116. 

Lexington District, 100. 

Liberty Tree, Charles Town, 179. 

Libraries, 217. 

Lieutenant-Generals in Continental Line, 

Lieutenant-Governor, 48. 

Light Dragoons (of South Carolina in 
the Revolution), 21. 

Lining, Charles, 69, 72(2), 74,82, 83 
(2), 84, 85, 86. 

Linkley, Christopher, 165, 166. 

Liquor, 90, 93, 200, 201, 216. 

Littell, Augustus, 113. 

Littell, Marion, 113. 

Little River, Georgetown District, 138 
(2), 140. 

Little Russell Street, London, 211. 

Living Christianity, 37. 

Livingston. Col., 7. 

Livingston, Mary, 105, 113. 

Logan, George, 206 (2) . 

Lomagne, Monsieur de, 128 (3) . 

London, England, 30, 43, 156, 203, 211 
(3), 216 (2), 217, 219. 

Long, Zach., 202. 

Long Island, N. Y., 17, 117. 

Lord, Andrew, 212. 

Lords Proprietors, 30(2), 31(4), 32, 34. 

Lossing, Benson J., 43, 

Louisiana, 100(2), 104, 105, 112, 113, 

Lovell, John, 169(2), 207. 

Lowndes, Charles, 213. 

Lowndes, Charles T., 56. 

Lowndes, Sabina H., 56. 

Lucas, George, 217. 

Luce, Mr. de, 4, 129. 

Ludwell, Philip, 168 (3), 169 (3), 170 (3), 
171 (2), 172, 195, 196 (5), 197 (3), 200, 
201 (3), 202 (2), 204, 205, 209; procla- 
mation of respecting liquors, 200-201. 

Lunatic Asylum, 111. 

Lunsford, Swanson, 221-222. 

Lynch, Thomas, Jr. (1749-1779), 190. 

Lyttelton, Lord, 149. 

Lyttelton, Sir Charles, 149(4). 

Lyttelton 's Bastion, Charles Town, 23. 

Madison, James, 42, 44. 

Magazine, Charles Town, guard for, 
78. 86. 

Maine, Esther, 38. 

Manassas, Va., first battle of. 111. 

Manigault, Gabriel (1704-1781), 51, 

52, 146. 
Manigault, Gabriel E., 121. 
Manigault, Louis, 121. 
Mann, Thomas, 167. 
Manufacturing, 220-221. 
Marden, Nicholas, 172. 
Marion, Benjamin, 207. 
Marion, Francis, 20, 21, 190(2). 
Marshall, Henry, 101. 
Marshall, Mrs. Maria Harriet (Taylor) , 

Marten, Findla, 170, 201. 
Marthly, Thomas, 81, 83. 
Martin, Henry, 19, 73(2). 
Martin, John, 72. 
Martin, William E., 46. 
Martinique, 127. 
Mary (ketch), 171. 
Mary (sloop), 198(3), 199(2). 
Mason, Sarah, 203. 
Mason, WilHam, 190. 
Massachusetts, 118, 202. 
Massey, William, 78. 
Maternity Hospital, New York, N. Y., 

Mathewes, John, 36. 
Mathewes, John, son of above, 36, 39 

(2), 88, 92, 94. 
Mathewes, Mrs. Sarah (Gibbes), 35. 
Mathews, Maurice, 173. 
Mayo, Edward, 170, 203(2). 
Mayrant, Isabella Norvelle, 102, 110. 
Mayrant, John, 88. 
Mazyck, Isaac, 36, 202. 
Mazyck, Susanne, 36. 
Mazyck, William St. JuHen, 103. 
McCall family, 38. 
McCarthy, Jeremiah, 86. 
McClintock, Capt., 24, 25. 
McCrady, Edward, 179; History oj 

South Carolina by, 30. 
McCreUis, James, 217. 
McDonald, Adam, 138, 190(2). 
McDonald, Bartholomew, 73, 74. 
McDonald, James, 190. 
McDougall, Alexander, 62. 
McGregor, Peter Graeme, 105. 
Mcintosh, Lachlan, 183. 
McNamara, John, 73. 
McQueen, Mr., 185. 
Meader, John, 169. 
Medals, 169. 
Means, John Hugh, 122. 
Means, Virginia Preston, 122. 
Means genealogy, 122. 



Medical College of the State of South 

Carolina, 41, 54. 
Medical Director of the Cavalry Corps 

of the Army of Northern Virginia, 

Medlicott, Edmund, affidavit of re- 
specting the Carolina Merchant, 199. 
Meeke, John, 166. 
Mell, John, 170. 
Meloy, John, 23. 
Memorials, 115. 

Mercury, The Charleston, 41, 220. 
Mesne Conveyance records, Charleston 

County, 33. 
Metcalf, Margaretta Van Tuyl, 109, 

Middleton, Mrs. Anne (Barnwell), 38. 
Middleton, Arthur (1742-1787), 88, 92, 

Middleton, Thomas (1719-1766), 38. 
Miles, Anthony, 208. 
Miles, John, 172. 
Miles, Wilham, 208, 209. 
Militia, 38(2), 106, 107. 
Millen Green, England, 204. 

Miller, , 139. 

Mills, John, 201. 

Milner, John, 132, 141. 

Mississippi, 177, 180. 

Mitchell, Clarence Blair, 88, 91. 

Mitchell, S. Weir, 54. 

Mobile, Ala., 177. 

Moll, H., 32. 

Monck's Corner, 140. 

Montgomery, Ala., 102. 

Montroy, Viscount de, 18. 

Moore, Alexander LeRoy, 101, 175. 

Moore, Gertrude, 115, 119. 

Moore, James, 165, 207. 

Moore, John, 203. 

Moore, Matthew, 174. 

Morgan, Judge, 112. 

Morley, George, 219 (2). 

Morris, Major, 186. 

Morris, Gouverneur, 44. 

Morris, Isaac, 167. 

Morris, Margaret, 167. 

Morris, Robert, 123. 

Morristown, N. J., 71. 

Mortimer, John, 169. 

Morton, John, 167. 

Morton, Joseph, 203. 

Morton, Joseph, son of above, 167. 

Motte, Charles, 190. 

Motte, Isaac, 20, 21, 22, 23, 72 (2). 

Motte, Jacob, 51 (3) , 52, 53. 

Mouchy, Marshal de, 65. 

Moultrie, Fort, 70(3). 

Moultrie, John (1729-1 . . . ), 216 (2). 
Moultrie, William (1730-1805), 19, 185. 
Moultrie, William (1752-1796), 88, 92, 

93, 94. 
Mount Vernon, Va., 43(2). 
Mount Vernon and Its Associations 

(Lossing), 43-4. 
Mount Zion Institute, 98, 102, 111. 
Muckenfuss, Michael, 191. 
Muir, Alexina Jessie, 99, 106, 174. 
MulHns, PhiHp, 165, 167. 
Munter, George, 213. 
Murphy, John, 112. 
Murrell's outlaws, 105, 113. 
Muscle Shoals, Tennessee River, 122. 
Musgrove, Simon, 199. 
Muster-Master-General, Deputy, 78; 

Deputy, of South Carolina, 75. 
Nashville, Tenn., 121. 
Naturalist, 41. 
Neal, Thomas, 191. 
Negroes, 7, 164, 169, 174, 197, 200, 210, 

212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 220, 221, 222. 
Neuville, Monsieur de la, 126 (2) . 
Nevis, 32(2). 

New England, 17(3), 18, 170, 182. 
New Orleans, La., 40, 110(2), 121. 
New Street, Charleston, 178. 
New York, 117, 173. 
New York, N. Y., 4, 12, 13, 17 (4), 44, 

88, 110, 119, 171, 210. 
Newe, Thomas, 120(2). 
Newman and Swallow, 212, 213. 
Newspapers, 41, 130, 220, 221. (See 

Newton, Marmaduke, 204, 205. 
Newton, Richard, abstract of will of, 

204; 205(2). 
Nisbet, WiUiam, 20. 
Noailles, Marquis de, 130. 
North, Lord, 65. 
North, 221. 
North Britain (Scotland), 211 (4), 212 

(2), 215. 
North Carolina, 30, 31, 32, 44, 180 (2), 

186, 201. 
North River, N. Y., 4. 
Northern Colonies, 135. 
Nowell, WilHam, Sr., 207. 
Oath of allegiance to the United 

States, 84. 
Odingsell, Charles, 205. 
Oldmixon, Jonathan, 32. 
OHphant, David, 88, 91 (2), 94. 
Oliver, Isaac, 19. 
Oliver, James, 73. 
Opelousas, La., 104. 
Orange, Prince of, 149. 



Ordinary, Court of, Province of South 
Carolina, 33; abstracts from the 
records of the, 164-172, 195-210. 

Orphan House, Charleston, 45, 55 (2). 

Orthopaedic Hospital, New York, N. 
Y., 119. 

Osmond, James, 52. 

Oswald, William, 201. 

Oxford University, 120 (2). 

Paine, Morton Brailsford, 151. 

Palmenter, Philemon, 209. 

Parham, James, 75, 77(3), 78 (2), 81, 
84, 86. 

Paris, France, 42, 43, 44, 54(2), 183. 

ParHament of Great Britain, 64, 136. 

Parris, Alexander, 206. 

Paterson, James, 195. 

Paterson, James, son of above, 195. 

Paterson, Mrs. Jennett, 195. 

Path, Charles Town, 83. 

Pay of South Carolina soldiers in the 
Revolution, 27-28. 

Payne, Catherine, 211. 

Peale, Charles Willson, 42, 

Pendarvis, Joseph, 196(2), 202. 

Penhollow, Capt., 154. 

Pennsylvania, 136. 

Perdriau, Pierre, 170, 171. 

Peronneau, Arthur, 38. 

Peronneau, Elizabeth, 38. 

Peronneau, Henry, 5 (2) . 

Peronneau, Henry, Jr., 21, 74 (3). 

Peronneau, Mrs. Mary (Hutson) , 38. 

Perriman, William, 206. 

Perry, Benjamin L., 88, 92, 93, 94. 

Perry, Henry, affidavit of respecting 
the Carolina Merchant, 198 (2), 199. 

Perry, William Hayne, 39. 

Perry family, 38. 

Peters, Richard, 15. 

Petitt, WiUiam, 198, 199 (3) . 

Pewterers 202 

Philadelphia, Pa., 58, 125 (2), 129, 136, 
181, 185; letter of General Committee 
of South Carolina to General Com- 
mittee at, 135-136, 181. 

Phillips, Richard, 165, 171, 206, 206-7. 

Phips, John, 204. 

Phosphates, Commissioner of, 111. 

Pierce, Edward, 216. 

Pinckney, Charles, 51, 53; abstract of 
will of, 217-219. 

Pinckney, Charles (1732-1782), nephew 
of above, 217. 

Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth (1746- 
1825), 22, 23 (2), 24 (2), 25 (3), 26, 69, 
70(2), 72, 74, 75 (5), 77, 79, 80, 82, 
83(2), 84, 85, 86 (2), 87, 190 (2), 217 

(2), 218(2), 219(4). 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth (1812- 

1898), 40, 41. 
Pinckney, Eliza (Ravenel), 30. 
Pinckney, Mrs. Elizabeth (Lucas), 217, 

219 (4). 
Pinckney, Harriott, 217(2), 218. 
Pinckney, Richard, 219. 
Pinckney, Thomas, affidavit of respect- 
ing the Carolina Merchant, 198-199. 
Pinckney, Thomas (169.-1733), son of 

above, 217, 219. 
Pinckney, Thomas (1748-1828), nephew 

of above, 80, 121(2), 190,217(2), 

218(2), 219(3). 
Pinckney, Thomas, grandson of above, 

Pinckney, William (1703-1766), 47(2), 

48, 51, 217. 
Pinckney's Plains (plantation), 218. 
Pirates, 31, 154, 155. 
Pitcane, Lady, 211. 
Pitcaun, Scotland, 211. 
Pitkin, Timothy, 120. 
Planche, Lewis, 211. 
Plant family, 36. 
Plate, 30, 212, 214, 215. 
Poet, 40. 
Pole, John, 171. 
Pople, WiUiam, 205-6, 209. 
Port Repubhc (Port Royal), 35. 
Port Royal, 31 (2), 32 (2), 35 (at that 

time called Port Republic) , 218. 
Port Royal, Jamaica, 198 (2), 199 (3). 
Porter, James M., 112. 
Postell, Lieut., 19, 21, 75, 79 (2), 80, 

81, 82(2), 83, 84, 86, 87. 
Postell, John, 88. 
Postell, William, 88, 91, 94. 
Poukiepsie, N. Y., 5. 
Powder, 132, 139, 140. 
Powell, Elizabeth, 176. 
Powell, John, 203. 
Powys, John, 165 (3), 207. 
Powys, Sarah, 207. 
Predestination, 149. 
Preed, Richard, 205. 
President of South Carolina, 70 (2), 73. 
Preston, Anthony, 81. 
Price, Lewis, 196. 

Prince, , 139. 

Prince, William, 170. 

Prince Frederick's Parish, 138, 140. 

Prince George's Parish, Winyah, 138, 

Princeton College, 40, 98, 102. 
Prioleau, J. Ford, 41. 
Prioleau family, 38. 



Prisoners, 58, 61, 75. 

Pritchard's (shipyard), 23, 69 (2), 81, 

Privateers, 198, 199, 200. 

Privitt, Mrs. Mary, 206 (3), 207 (3). 

Privitt, William, 206 (3), 207 (5). 

Probate Court, Charleston County, 33, 
34 (2), 35(2); Richland County, 97. 

Protestant Episcopal Church, 179; Gen- 
eral Convention of the, 180. 

Providence, 171 (2). 

Provincial Congress, 96; president of, 
142, 189; miscellaneous papers of the 
first, 132-150, 189-194. 

Provost Marshal, 208, 213(2). 

Prussian Baron in Continental Line, 

Public Record Office, British, 30. 

Pulaski, Count Cassimer, 59 (2). 

Pullman, James, 203-4. 

Purcell, Henry, 79, 81. 

Purrysburgh, 191. 

Putnam, Israel, 12, 13(3), 16. 

Putnor, Olivers, 169. 

Pyrry, Edward, 201. 

Quakers, 146. 

Quarter-Master-General, Deputy, 19, 
20, 74, 78, 85(2). 

Queen Street, Great Britain, 204. 

Quintyne, Richard, 195. 

Racing in South Carolina, 56, 88, 103, 

Raimbeau, Monsieur, 184, 185 (2). 

Raleigh, N. C, 44. 

Ransom, Gen. (C. S. A.), 114. 

Ransom, Priscilla, 106, 114. 

Raoul, Harriet, 100, 108 

Raper, Robert, 216. 

Rapin's History oj England, 217. 

Rations, 76. 

Ravenel, Mrs. Harriott Horry, Eliza 
Pinckney by, 30. 

Rawdon, Lord, 38. 

RawlinsonMS., Bodlian Library, 120 (2). 

Reconstruction period, 164. 

Recruiting service, 82, 85. 

Redmond, Mrs. Kate, 176. 

Reeve, Ambrose, 36. 

Reeve, John, 207. 

Reeve, Sarah, 36. 

Regiment, 1st., S. C. Line, Continent- 
al Establishment, records of the, 19- 
28, 69-87; 2nd. do., 20, 21, 23,72 (2), 
81, 82; 3rd. do., 19 (2), 23, 24, 26, 69, 
76, 79, 81, 83, 84; 5th. do., 74, 81, 83; 
6th. do., 22, 24, 83, 84, 174; Light 
Dragoons (State regulars), 21; Maxcy 
Gregg's (C. S. A.), 115. 

Register of St Philip's Parish, 
Charles Town, South Carolina, 1720- 
1758 (Salley), 36, 37. 

Reller, Emanuel, 211. 

Revolution, 38 (3), 39, 44, 88, 98, 179; 
records of South Carolina in the, 19- 
28, 69-87; letters from the Marquis 
de Lafayette to Henry Laurens 
during the, 3-18, 57-68, 123-131, 181- 
188; horse racing in South Carolina 
during the, 174. 

Reynor, George, affidavit of respect- 
ing the Carolina Merchant, 199. 

Rhett, A.lbert Moore, 40, 99. 

Rhett, Alfred, 39, 40. 

Rhett, Haskell, Smith, 40. 

Rhett, John Grimke, 40. 

Rhett, Robert Barnwell (1800-1876), 
39 (3), 112. 

Rhett, Robert Barnwell (1854-1901), 

Rhett, Mrs. Sarah, 168. 

Rhett, William, 156, 157, 158 (2). 

Rhett family, 36. 

Rhode Island, 16. 

Ribouleau, Gabriel, 169. 

Richardson, Amafinthia, 215. 

Richardson, Charles, 174 (2) . 

Richardson, John, 215. 

Richardson, John Peter, 174 (2). 

Richardson, Richard, 173-174, 191. 

Richardson, Thomas, 174 (3). 

Richardson, Thomas E., 173. 

Richardson family, 173-174. 

Richburg, Capt., 22. 

Richland County, 114; Probate Court 
records of, 97. 

Richland District, 103, 104, 105; Com- 
missioner in Equity of, 103; Sheriff 
of, 103. 

Richmond (plantation), 54. 

Richmond, Va., 42, 44(2). 

Ricketts, Gen., 111. 

Ride, Joseph, 167(2). 

Ridge, the, 140. 

Rigg, Alexander, 216. 

Riley, Miles, 140. 

Rings, 169, 217. 

Ripley, England, 219(2). 

Rippon, Hannah, 212. 

Risbey, Capt. See Anthony Ashby. 

Rivers, William J., 34. 

Rockatt, Mrs. Esther, 216. 

Rockatt, James, 216. 

Rogers, Dawkins, 116. 

Rogers, Henry, 24, 25. 

Roper, Anne, 189. 

Roper, Mrs. Grace (Hext), 189. 



Roper, William, 189. 

Rose, Thomas, 170, 172. 

Ross, Mary Euphemia, 96, 100. 

Ross, Munro, 211. 

Ross, Naomi, Lady Pitcane, 211, 212, 

Rouse, Mr., 156, 158. 
Royer, Noah, 168, 169(2). 
Rozar, William, 87. 
Rubbins, Mrs. Prynee, 208(2). 
Russell, Gyles, 170. 

Russell, Mrs. Martha Margaret (Tay- 
lor), 104(2). 
Russell, Robert, 104. 
Russell, Robert E., 105. 
Russell, WilHam, 201. 
Russell, William (later), 88. 
Rutledge, Henry Middleton, letter of 

to Henry Izard, 121-122. 
Rutledge, Hugh, 223(2). 
Rutledge, John, 28, 185. 
Sacheverell, John, 196. 
Sacheverell, Mrs. Margaret, abstract 

of will of, 196-197. 
Sacheverell, Thomas, 196, 197. 
Sacheverell, Thomas, son of above, 

196(2), 209. 
Salkehatchie Bridge, 140. 
Salley, A. S., Jr., 1, 2, 36, 37, 164,195. 
Salters, Archibald, 88, 92, 93, 94. 
Sams, Mrs. Stanhope, 180. 
Sanders, Lawrence, 88, 91 (2), 94. 
Sand ford, Robert, 31(5). 
Sanford, John W. A., 108. 
Santee River, 95. 
Saratoga, N. Y., 9. 
Saul, Elizabeth Harriet, 112, 118. 
Saunders, Mr., 218. 
Saunders, Roger Parker, 80 (3), 82, 

83, 84, 85, 87, 174, 190. 
Savage, John, 140. 
Savannah, Ga., 179, 180. 
Savannah River, 218. 
Sayle, William, 32. 

Schenckingh, Barnard, 166 (3), 197 (2). 
Schenckingh, Barnard, son of above, 

Schenckingh, Mrs. Elizabeth, 166. 
Schenectady, N. Y., 7. 
Schools, 54, 98, 102, 111, 116, 161, 179. 

(See Education.) 
Schuyler, Philip, 16. 
Scotch colony at Port Royal, 32. 
Scotland, the last gold coined in (?), 

215. (See North Britain.) 
Scott, William, 203(2). 
Scott, William (later), 19 (3), 20(2), 

21(4), 22(5), 23(4), 24(2), 25(3), 

26, 69 (4), 72, 74 (2), 75 (4), 77, 78(4), 

79(5), 80(2), 81(2), 82(2), 83(3), 

84(3), 85, 86(3), 87, 190. 
Sculptor, 42-46. 
Seabrook, Mr., 166. 
Seals, 215. 

Seaman, Elizabeth, 211. 
Seaman, George, abstract of will of, 

Searle, Robert, 31. 

Seay, , 114. 

Second, Mr. de, 59. 

Secret Committee, miscellaneous papers 

of the, 132-150, 189-194, 
Secretary of the Embassador to France, 

1778, 183. 
Secretary of the Province, 171, 209. 
Secretary of State, 95. 
Secretary and Chief Register of Claren- 
don County, N. C, 1666, 31. 
Seewee Bay, 166. 
Seminole War, 107. 
Senate, 96, 98; Clerk of the, 46. 
Senators (United States) from South 

Carolina, 39 (4), 44. 
Sewanee, Tenn., 118, 180 (2). 
Shaftesbury, the Earl of, 30 (2), 32; 

a later Earl of, 30. 
Shakespeare, 100. 
Shelburne, Lord, 66. 
Shepherd, James, 201. 
Shoemaker, 203. 
Shory, Anthony, 169, 206 (3). 
Shreveport, La., 100 (2). 
Shubrick, Thomas, 218. 
Shubrick family, 173. 
Shute, Joseph, 218. 
Silver Bluff, 140, 218. 
Simmons, WilHam, 38. 
Simmons, William Hayne, 41. 
Simpson, Sergt., 81, 83. 
Singellton, Benjamin, 88. 
Singleton, Mr., 103. 
Singleton, Richard, 213. 
Sketch of the History of South Carolina, 

(Rivers), 34. 
Skirving, Charles, 19, 21, 22 (2), 23, 

25(2), 26, 69(2), 75(2), 78,79, 80 

(2), 81, 83, 84(2), 85, 86. 
Slann, Joseph, 89. 
Slann's Old Field, 92. 
Slavery, 102. 
Slaves, 7, 164, 169, 174, 197, 210, 212, 

213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 219, 221. (See 

Negroes. ) 
Sloan, John T., 46. 
Smallpox, 98. 
Smith, , 133. 



Smith, Benjamin, 216(2). 

Smith, D. E. Huger, 2. 

Smith, Eliza Barnwell, 112. 

Smith, Mrs. Elizabeth (Schenekingh) , 

Smith, Henry A. M., 2(2). 

Smith, Isaac, 105. 

Smith, Peter, 88. 

Smith, Press, 19, 21, 22 (2), 23(2), 24 
(3), 25, 69, 75. 

Smith, Thomas (Landgrave and Gov- 
eriaor), 171, 195, 200,201(2), 204, 
205(3), 206(3), 207(6), 208(7), 209 

Smith, Thomas (Revolutionary soldier), 

Smith, Thomas ( ' 'the younger' ') , 216 (2) . 

Smith, Thomas (member of St. 
George's Club, 89, 92, 93, 94. 

Smith, WilHam, Merchant, 166, 169 (2), 
195, 202 (2), 205, 206, 208, 209, 210. 

Smith, Wilham, Vintner, 205. 

Smith family, 36. 

Snell, Mr., 161. 

Snookley, Walter, 167. 

Snow, Nathaniel, 211. 

Snowden, Yates, 2, 222. 

Solicitors, 98. 

Somerset House, London, England, 219. 

South, 40. 

South Carolina, 30(3), 32, 39, 42(2), 
44 (2), 47, 81 (2), 88, 95 (3), 97 (2), 
135,136, 151,154, 164, 171 (2) , 195, 
201, 211 (2), 217, 219; Court of Ordin- 
ary of the Province of, 33; Historical 
Commission of, 33; A Sketch of the 
History of (Rivers), 34; Barnwell 
family of, 36; governors of, men- 
tioned, 35, 39, 98; the most distin- 
guished naval officer of, 40; Medical 
College of the State of, 41, 54; litera- 
ture of, 41; letters from in 1682, 120; 
presidential electors for in 1800, 120; 
Johnson's map of, 179; cotton manu- 
facturing in, 220-221; University of, 
222; Court of Chancery of, 222. 

South Carolina College (now Univer- 
sity of South Carolina), 40 (3), 41, 54, 
98, 108 (2), 109 (2), 110, 111, 115, 117, 
118 (2). 

South-Carolina and American General 
Gazette, The, 220. 

South-Carolina Gazette, The, 30, 37, 45 
(2), 47, 51, 53. 

South-Carolina Gazette and Its Suc- 
cessors, Marriage Notices in The 
(Salley), 189. 

South Carolina Gleanings in England, 


South CaroHna Historical Society, 1,2, 
53, 54, 178; Collections of the, 30. 32 

South Carolina Jockey Club, 56, 103. 

South Carolina Line, Continental Estab- 
lishment, an order book of the 1st. 
Regt. of the, 19-28, 69-87. 

South Carolina Lunatic Asylum (now 
Hospital for the Insane), 111. 

South Carolina Military Academy, 118. 

South Carolina Society, 212. 

South-Carolina State Gazette and 
Timothy's Daily Advertiser, 36. 

South Carolina under the Proprietary 
Government (McCrady), 30. 

South Carolina Volunteers, Spanish- 
American War, 119. 

Spain, war with, 119, 121. 

Spaniards, 31. 

Spanish possession in America, 121. 

Speedwell, 210. 

Spencer, Calvin, 20. 

Spencer, James, 21. 

Spinks, Cora A., 109, 116, 176. 

Squire, Crispine, 204. 

Squire's Enquiry into the English Con- 
stitution, 217. 

St. Amand's Historical Essay, 217. 

St. Augustine, Fla., 31. 

St. David's Parish, 137, 140. 

St. George's Club, 88-94. 

St. George's Hunting Club, 89, 92. 

St. George's Parish, Dorchester, Club 
of, 88-94. 

St. Helena Island, 31. 

St. Helena's Parish, register of, 34. 

St. James's Parish, Santee, 138, 140. 

St. John's Parish, Barbadoes, 195. 

St. Luke's Hospital, New York, N. Y., 

St. Marie, Lavacher de. See Lavacher. 

St. Patrick's Day, 75. 

St. Philip's Church, Charleston, 178 (2), 
180, 212, 215, 218; churchyard of , 216. 

St. Philip's Parish, Charles Town, 
South Carolina, 1720-1758, Register 
o/ (Salley), 36, 37. 

St. Thomas, Barbadoes, parish of, 33. 

Stafford, Sergt., 86. 

Stafford, Edward, 204. 

Standing Committee, Protestant Epis- 
copal Diocese of South Carolina, 178, 

Stanyarne, Anne, 36. 

Stanyarne, Benjamin, 35. 

Stanyarne, Elizabeth, 33, 

Stanyarne, James, 33, 34, 35, 167. 

Stanyarne, Sarah, 34. 



Stanyarne, Thomas, 33. 

Stark, Gen., 17. 

Stark, Sarah Rebecca, 122. 

State, The, 31. 

State Gazette of South-Carolina, The, 

State House, 42, 45(2), 46(2), 115; 

grounds of, 221; Commission on 

grounds of, 222. 
Staten Island, 17. 
State's Rights War (Confederate), 55, 

Statue, 42-46. 

Stead, Benjamin, 88, 92, 94. 
Stephens, Joseph, 207. 
Stepney, England, 204. 
Steuben, Baron de, 67. 
Stevens, John, 169. 
Stevens, Margaret Anne, 36. 
Stevens Institute of Technology, 118. 
Stewart, Daniel, 88, 92, 93, 94. 
Stone, WilHam, 216. 
Stono Church, 37. 
Stott &Co., 139. 
Strand, London, England, 219. 
Stuart, Benjamin Rhett, 40. 
Stuart, John A., 41. 
Stuart family, 36. 
Sullivan, John, 165, 170 (2). 
Sullivan, Mrs. Rachel, 165, 170 (3). 
Sullivan's Island, 210. 
Sumter, 55, 173. 

Sumter, Fort, 107, 111, 116, 179. 
Sumter, Thomas (1734-1832), 22, 24, 

96, regiment of (6th), 84. 
Supply, 202(2). 
Surgeons, 111. (See Doctors.) 
Surrey, county, England, 219. 
Surveyor-General, 95, 173. 
Susquehanah River, 67. 

Sutterfield, , 113. 

Sutterfield, Alice, 112. 
Swallow, Newman and, 212, 213. 
Sweeting, Henry, 170. 
Taggert, WilHam, 19, 
Tallman, Mary, 98, 104. 

Taylor, , 114. 

Taylor, Albert, son of 2d WilHam 

Jesse, 115, 119. 
Taylor, Albert James, 108, 176. 
Taylor, Albert Rhett, 108, 116. 
Taylor, Alexander Ross (1812-1888), 

99, 105. 
Taylor, Alexander Ross (1845-1865), 

108, 116. 
Taylor, Alexander Ross (1873-), 116. 
Taylor, Alexina Jessie, dau. of William 

Jesse, 107, 176. 

Taylor, Alexina Jesse, dau. of George 

(1838-1873), 114, 177. 
Taylor, Alfred, 115. 
Taylor, AHce, 113. 
Taylor, Mrs. Ann ( Wyche) , portrait of, 

facing 96. 
Taylor, Anna Heyward, 112. 
Taylor, Anna Ray, 118. 
Taylor, Anne, 96. 
Taylor, Anne Rosalie, 110. 
Taylor, Anne Trezevant, dau. of Ed- 
ward Fisher, 109. 
Taylor, Anne Trezevant, dau. of George 

Washington (1849-), 117. 
Taylor, Annie Wyche, 103, 175. 
Taylor, Benjamin Franklin (1791-1852), 

97, 102, 104(2), 175; portrait of, 

facing 102. 
Taylor, Benjamin Franklin, son of 

James Hunt, 106, 114, 175. 
Taylor, Benjamin Franklin (1873-), 

son of Benjamin Walter, 95, 112, 118. 
Taylor, Benjamin Walter, 103, 104, 111- 

Taylor, Cantey, 106. 
Taylor, Caroline Claudia, 101. 
Taylor, Chesnut, son of James Hunt, 

106, 175. 
Taylor, Chesnut, dau. of John Chesnut, 

Taylor, Clara, 113. 
Taylor, Coles, 118. 
Taylor, Columbia, 106, 175. 
Taylor, Columbia Maria, 102. 
Taylor, Delia, 113. 
Taylor, Edmund Rhett, 112. 
Taylor, Edward, son of 1st Henderson, 

Taylor, Edward, son of George Wash- 
ington (1849-), 117. 
Taylor, Edward Fisher (1822-1862), 

101, 109, 175. 
Taylor, Edward Fisher (1845-1860), 109, 

Taylor, Edward Sumter, 112, 113. 
Taylor, Edward William, 104, 112. 
Taylor, Edwin Brown, 100. 
Taylor, Eleanor, 106, 175. 
Taylor, EHza Maria, 112. 
Taylor, Eliza Rebecca, 103, 175. 
Taylor, Elizabeth, 106, 175. 
Taylor, EHzabeth Calvert, 105. 
Taylor, Elizabeth Willoughby, 101, 175. 
Taylor, EHa, 115. 
Taylor, Ellen, 112, 113. 
Taylor, EUen Claudia, 104. 
Taylor, Ellen Elmore, 112. 
Taylor, Elmore, 108, 176. 



Taylor, Eloisa Marion, 105. 

Taylor, Emma, dau. of 1st Simon, 104. 

Taylor, Emma, dau. of Edward 

William, 112. 
Taylor, Euphemia, 118. 
Taylor, Evelyn, 112. 
Taylor, Fannie W., 109. 
Taylor, Fanny, 113. 
Taylor, Flora, 107, 176. 
Taylor, Frances, dau. of William, son 

of Thomas (1743-1833), 100. 
Taylor, Frances, dau. of George Wash- 
• ington (1814-1889), 109, 
Taylor, Frank Elmore, 115, 119. 
Taylor, Franklin Cantey, 99. 
Taylor, Frederic, 118. 
Taylor, George (1795-1804), 97. 
Taylor, George, son of John (1770- 

1832), 99. 
Taylor, George (1838-1873), son of 

William Jesse, 107, 114, 175, 177. 
Taylor, George Coffin, 116. 
Taylor, George Margaretta, 117, 177. 
Taylor, George Washington (1814- 

1889), 100, 101, 109. 
Taylor, George Washington, son of 

William Henry, son of Thomas (1779- 

1874), 108, 176. 
Taylor, George Washington (1849-), 

109, 117. 
Taylor, George Washington, son of 

Heyward Trezevant, 117. 
Taylor, Grace, 97. 
Taylor, Grace Elmore, 111. 
Taylor, Hails, 108, 176. 
Taylor, Harriet Chesnut, 99, 110, 114. 
Taylor, Harriet Hayne, 108. 
Taylor, Helen, 115. 
Taylor, Helen Muir, 107, 176. 
Taylor, Henderson, 104, 113. 
Taylor, Henderson, son of above, 113, 

Taylor, Henry, 104(4), 105. 
Taylor, Henry Pendleton (1784-1832), 

96, 101, 175. 
Taylor, Henry Pendleton (1832-1874), 

Taylor, Henry Pendleton (1854-), 110, 

Taylor, Heyward Trezevant, 109, 116, 

Taylor, Heyward Trezevant, son of 

above, 117. 
Taylor, Isaac Hayne, 108. 
Taylor, James, son of 1st John, 95, 96, 

97, 98, 100. 
Taylor, James (1777-1803), son of above, 

97, 103. 

Taylor, James (1787-1801), 97. 

Taylor, James, son of 1st William 

Jesse, 107, 115, 176. 
Taylor, James H. , son of James Hunt, 

106, 175. 
Taylor, James H., son of 2nd William 

Jesse, 114. 
Taylor, James Hunt, 99, 106, 175. 
Taylor, James Madison, 101, 109. 
Taylor, James Simon, 103. 
Taylor, James Theus, 102, 110. 
Taylor, Jane E., 105. 
Taylor, Jesse (1774-1802), 97. 
Taylor, Jesse H., 114. 
Taylor, Jesse Peter, 97, 102. 
Taylor, Jewell, 113. 
Taylor, John, genealogicsQ account of 

the Taylor descendants of, 95-119, 

Taylor, John, son of above, 95, 98. 
Taylor, John (''Nimrod John"), son of 

above, 98, 104. 
Taylor, John, son of above, 104, 105. 
Taylor, John (1770-1832), son of Thomas 

(1743-1833), 96, 97, 98-99; portrait of, 

facing 98. 
Taylor, John (1817-1820), son of Thomas 

(1779-1874), 101. 
Taylor, John, son of James Hunt, 106, 

Taylor, John (1842-) , son of Alexander 

Ross (1812-1888), 108, 115-116, 119. 
Taylor, John (1834-1835), son of 1st 

William Jesse, 175. 
Taylor, John, son of 1st Henderson, 

Taylor, John, son of 2nd. Simon, 114. 
Taylor, John C., 105, 113. 
Taylor, John Chesnut (1796-1797), 99. 
Taylor, John Chesnut (later), 99, 106. 
Taylor, John Hanckel, 117. 
Taylor, John James, son of 1st Simon, 

Taylor, John James, son of 1st Hender- 
son, 113. 
Taylor, Joseph Daniel, 101. 
Taylor, Julian W., 117. 
Taylor, Julius Heyward, 112, 118, 177. 
Taylor, Julius Septi^nus, 101. 
Taylor, Katie, 115. 
Taylor, Lawrence, 115. 
Taylor, Lawrence Whittaker, 107, 115. 
Taylor, Lilah, 117. 
Taylor, Lodi Gayosa, 112. 
Taylor, Lucy, 96. 
Taylor, Lucy Crommelin, 117. 
Taylor, Lucy M., 112. 
Taylor, Maggie Metcalf, 117. 



Taylor, Maria Harriet, 101. 

Taylor, Martha, dau. of 1st John, 95. 

Taylor, Martha, dau. of James (1777- 

1803), 103. 
Taylor, Martha, dau. of 1st Simon, 104. 
Taylor, Martha, dau. of 1st Henderson, 

Taylor, Martha Ann, 101. 
Taylor, Martha Margaret, 104, 105. 
Taylor, Martha P., 105. 
Taylor, Mrs. Mary (Wyche), 104 (2). 
Taylor, Mary, dau. of 1st John, 97. 
Taylor, Mary, dau. of 1st James, 96, 

98, 100. 
Taylor, Mary, dau. of Thomas (1779- 

1874), 101. 
Taylor, Mary, dau. of George Wash- 
ington (1849-), 117. 
Taylor, Mary Ann, dau. of Jesse Peter, 

Taylor, Mary Ann, dau. of WiUiam 

(1779-1857), 105. 
Taylor, Mary Gardner, 114, 117. 
Taylor, Mary H., 98. 
Taylor, Mary Irons, 105. 
Taylor, Mary Jane, dau. of William 

Henry, son of Thomas (1779-1874), 

108, 176. 
Taylor, Mary Jane, dau. of Edward 

Fisher (1822-1862), 110. 
Taylor, Mary Norwood, 102, 175. 
Taylor, Mary Tallman, 112. 
Taylor, Mitilda Catharine, 102. 
Taylor, May, 117. 
Taylor, Nathaniel Heyward, 112. 
Taylor, Patience, 98. 
Taylor, Rebecca, dau. of Thomas 

(1743-1833), 96. 
Taylor, Rebecca, dau. of 3rd John, 104, 

Taylor, Rebecca, dau. of Edward 

William, 112. 
Taylor, Rebecca Ann, 99. 
Taylor (Russell), Robert, 104. 
Taylor, Rosa, dau. of Jesse Peter, 102. 
Taylor, Rosa, dau. of 2nd WilHam 

Jesse, 114. 
Taylor, Rosa, dau. of Albert, son of 

William Jesse, 119. 
Taylor, Sadie Lyon, 117. 
Taylor, Sally Chesnut, 107. 
Taylor, Sally Coles, 103, 175. 
Taylor, Sally Maria, 108, 176. 
Taylor, Samuel, 81. 
Taylor, Sarah, dau. of Thomas (1743- 

1833), 96. 
Taylor, Sarah, dau. of 1st James by 1st 

wife, 97. 

Taylor, Sarah, dau, of 1st James by 

2nd wife, 98. 
Taylor, Sarah Ann, 100. 
Taylor, Sarah Cantey, 99. 
Taylor, Sarah M., 105. 
Taylor, Sarah Talliaferro (error), 106. 

Taylor, Sarah Wyche, 104. 
Taylor, Seth Lewis, 113. 
Taylor, Simon, 98, 103-104, 105. 
Taylor, Simon, nephew of above, 105,114. 
Taylor, Simon, son of above, 114. 
Taylor, Simonia, 112. 
Taylor, Sumter, 104. 
Taylor, Susan, 106. 
Taylor, Theus, 110, 117. 
Taylor, Thomas (1743-1833), 96, 105; 

pay bill of for militia services during 

the Revolution, facing 95; portrait of, 

facing 96. 
Taylor, Thomas (1779-1874), 96, 97, 

100, 101; portrait of, facing 100. 
Taylor, Thomas, son of John (1770- 

1832), 99. 
Taylor, Thomas (1826-1903), son of 

Benjamin Franklin (1791-1852), 103, 

104, 110-111, 115, 175, 176. 
Taylor, Thomas, son of WilHam Henry, 

son of Thomas (1779-1874), 108, 176. 
Taylor, Thomas, son of James Madi- 
son, 109, 176. 
Taylor, Thomas, son of Edward Fisher 

(1822-1862), 110. 
Taylor, Thomas, son of Benjamin Wal- 
ter, 112, 118, 176. 
Taylor, Thomas, son of above, 118. 
Taylor, Thomas, son of Benjamin 

Franklin (1873-), 118. 
Taylor, Thomas B., 100, 108. 
Taylor, Thomas Franklin, 101. 
Taylor, Thomas H., 119. 
Taylor, Thomas House, 105, 113. 
Taylor, Thomas Marion, 102. 
Taylor, Virginia, 103, 175. 
Taylor, Walter, 112. 
Taylor, Washington, 109. 
Taylor, William (1776-1825), 96, 100. 
Taylor, William (1779-1857), 98, 104, 

Taylor, WiUiam (1818-1839), 100. 
Taylor, William, son of 3rd John, 104, 

Taylor, William, son of 2nd Simon, 

Taylor, William Alexander, 106, 175. 
Taylor, William Hayne, 107, 115. 
Taylor, William Henry, son of John 

(1770-1832), 99. 



Taylor, William Henry, son of Thomas 

(1779-1874), 100, 108, 176. 
Taylor, William Henry, son of above, 

108, 176. 
Taylor, William J., 114. 
Taylor, William J. Muir, 175. 
Taylor, William Jesse, 99, 106, 174-175. 
Taylor, William Jesse, son of above, 

107, 114, 176. 
Taylor, William Jesse, son of Lawrence 

Whittaker, 115, 119. 
Taylor, William Jesse, son of above, 

Taylor, William Jesse, son of Albert, 

son of 2nd William Jesse, 119. 
Taylor, William Sumter, 105. 
Taylor, Witten, 106, 175 (2). 
Taylor family, genealogy of the, 95- 

119, 174-177. 
Teffidell, Thomas, 75. 
Tennent, William, 148, 149; letter of 

to Henry Laurens, 190-191. 
Tennessee, 118, 121, 122, 180. 
Tennessee River, 122. 
Theological Seminary, Columbia, 98. 
Theus, Rosanna C, 97, 102. 
Theus, Simeon, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 (3), 
69, 72, 74, 75, 77, 78, 79, 80, 82, 84, 
85, 86. 
Thirteen Mile House, 140. 
Thomas, James, 73, 74. 

Thompson, , 115. 

Thompson, Hugh S., school of, 116. 

Thomson, Mrs. , 219. 

Thomson, Charles, 82. 
Thomson, WiUiam (of Bishop Auck- 
land, England, 1756), 219. 
Thomson, William (1727-1796), regiment 

(3rd) of, 19 (2), 24, 79, 84. 
Thorn, Capt., 23. 

Thoroughgood (plantation), 214 (2), 

Thorp, , 159. 

Thorp, Mrs., 159. 
Tilghman, Kate, 176. 
Tillotson's Sermons, 218. 
Timothy, Peter, 139, 142, 191, 192. 
Tindal's Continuation of Rafin's His- 
tory of England, 217. 
Tousard, Mr., 183, 188. 
Townsend, Joseph, 196. 
Townsend, Nicholas, 165 (2), 171. 
Tradd, Richard, 196. 
Traditions and Reminiscences of the 

Revolution (Johnson), 179. 
Trapier, Paul, 138. 
Treat, Dr., 57, 58. 
Treaty with France, 124. 

Trenton, battle of, 125. 
Trezevant, Ann, 101, 109. 
Trezevant, Anne Timothy, 96, 101. 
Tucker, Richard W., 104, 105. 
Tucker, Mrs. Sarah Wyche (Taylor), 

104; will of, 104. 
Tupelo (swamp), 214. 
Turbett, John, 195. 
Turgis, Francis, 169, 197 (2). 
Turquand, Paul, 142. 
Turner, George, 20, 21 (2), 22 (2), 23, 

25, 69 (2), 75, 77, 78, 79, 80, 82, 84, 86. 
United States, 8, 9, 28 (2), 41, 84, 126, 

131, 180; Congress of the, 39(2), 

Senators of the, 32, 44, 98; South 

Carolina convention which adopted 

the constitution of the, 96; Supreme 

Court of the, 179. 
University of South Carolina, 222. (See 

South Carolina College.) 
University of the South, 118, 180 (2). 
University of Virginia, 118, 179. 
Valentine, William, 74. 
Valley Campaign, 111. 
Valley Forge, Pa., 58, 60, 63, 66, 123, 

124, 126, 128, 129, 130, 181, 182, 184, 

185, 186, 187. 
Van Wert, Mrs. Rebecca (Taylor) , 104. 
Van Wert, Walter, 104, 105. 
Vander Dussen, Alexander, 219. 
Vander Horst, John, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 

25, 26, 72, 74, 77, 78, 80, 81, 88. 
Vansusteren, Aleta, 208. 
Vansusteren, Elizabeth, 208. 
Vansusteren, John, 206, 207, 208(4), 

209, 210. 
Vanvelsen, Garrit, 51. 
Varner, Richard, 197. 
Vauclause Factory, 220-221. 
Vanclause Manufactoring Company, 

Vintners, 201. 
Virginia, 32, 42 (3), 44, 95, 96 (2), 115, 

201, 221; University of, 118, 179. 
Vivian, John, 137. 
Wade, George, 95. 
Wagner, Battery, 116. 
Waight, Abraham, 164. 
Waight, Abraham, son of above, 164. 
Waight, Sarah, 165. 
Wainwright, Richard, 88, 92, 93, 94. 

Waldron, , 177. 

Walker, Col., 199. 

Wallace, Jane, 99, 106. 

Walnut Hill (plantation), 213, 214. 

Walson, Francis, 199. 

Walter, Isaac, 88, 92. 

Walter, Richard, 202. 



Wapping Old Stairs, Great Britain, 

Waring, Benjamin, 169, 205. 

Waring, Benjamin (later), 88,91(2), 
93 94. 

Waring,' Elizabeth, 169. 

Waring, John, Jr., 91, 94. 

Waring, John Smith, 88. 

Waring, Joseph, 88, 91, 94. 

Waring, Morton, 88, 92, 94. 

Waring, Peter, 88, 92, 94. 

Waring, Robert H., 98. 

Waring, Thomas, Sr., 88, 92, 94. 

Waring, Thomas, 88, 91, 92, 94. 

Warley, FeHx, 25, 83. 

Warley, Joseph, 69. 

Warwickshire, England, 29. 

Washington, 39. 

Washington, D. C, 120. 

Washington, Fort, 17. 

Washington, George, 10, 11, 12(2), 
13(2), 15, 16, 17 (2), 58, 64, 70, 71, 
125(3), 126, 129, 183,185; Houdon's 
statue of, 42-46. 

Wassammasaw Road, 213. 

Waters, H. F., 211. 

Waties, , 218. 

Watkins, B. F., 105. 

Watson, Elizabeth, 216. 

Watson, John, 213. 

Weatherly, Lieut., 19, 21, 74 (2), 75 (2), 
77(2), 79, 82. 

Weaver's Ferry, 140. 

Webb, Mrs., 158(2), 159 (2), 162, 163. 

Webber, Mabel L., 2. 

Webster, Daniel, 102(3). 

Wells, John, 209. 

Welshuysen, Daniel, 213. 

West, 113. 

West, Joseph, 173. 

West Indies, 32, 181. 

Western States (1807), 121. 

Weston, F. H., 2. 

Weyman, Edward, 132 (2) ; letters of 
to William Henry Drayton, 139-140. 

White, WilHam, 172. 

White House, Va., 116. 

"White Meeting" (Independent Con- 
gregational Church), Charleston, 37. 

Wigg, EHzabeth Hayne, 38. 

Wigg, Mary, 38. 

Wigg, William Hazzard, 38 (2). 

Wiggins, , 105. 

Wiggins, Mrs. Martha Margaret (Tay- 
lor), 104. 

Wigington, Henry, 167. 

Wilkins, Mrs. Elizabeth (Woodward), 

Wilkins, William, 33 (2). 

Wilkins, William, son of above, 33. 

Wilkinson, James, 121 (2).* 

William and Mary, 198. 

William and Mary Quarterly, 96. 

Williams, Francis, 207. 

Williams, James, 196. 

Williams, Robert, Jr., 216; letter of 

to Henry Laurens, 189. 
Williams, Thomas, 198. 
Wilhams, William, 166, 208. 
WiUiams, William (later), 215. 
Williams, Winthrop, 101. 
Williamson, Dove, 168. 
Williamson, John, 167, 202. 
Williamson, John (later), 21, 22(2), 

23 (2), 24, 25 (2), 69, 74, 75 (3), 76, 

78, 79, 82, 83, 85, 86(2). 
Williamson, Manly, 201. 
WilHamson, Mary Bower, 37. 
WiUiamson, Ralph, 165. 
WiUiamson, Stephen, 165 (2), 171. 
Williamson, WiUiam Bower, 37 (2), 38. 
Wilmington, N. C, 179. 
Wilson, Capt., 199. 
Wilson, Jane, 167. 
Wilson, Ralph, 167. 
Wilson, Robert, 29, 35. 
Winnsboro, 98. 
Wise, Samuel, 26. 
Withington, Lothrop, 211. 
Witten, EHzabeth, 99, 106. 
Woodroff and Cathcart, 212 (2), 213. 
Woodrop, Wilham, 216. 
Woods, C. A., 2. 
Woodville, 175. 
Woodward, Mrs. Elizabeth (Stan- 

yarne), 33. 
Woodward, Elizabeth, dau. of Dr. 

Henry, 33. 
Woodward, Elizabeth (1705-1707), dau. 

of John (1681-1727), 34. 
Woodward, Elizabeth (1719-17..), dau. 

of John (1681-1727), 34, 37. 
Woodward, Elizabeth, dau. of Richard 

(1683-1725), 35. 
Woodward, Elizabeth (1738-1771), dau. 

of Richard (1709-17..), 30, 37, 38. 
Woodward, Henry, genealogical ac- 
count of the descendants of (J. W. 

Barnwell), 29-41, 173. 
Woodward, Henry (1711-1712), 34. 
Woodward, James (1715-1716), 34. 
Woodward, James (1727-1730), 84. 
Woodward, John' (1681-1727), 33(2), 

33-4, 34, 35, 36. 



Woodward, John, son of above, 34 (3). 
Woodward, Mrs. Margaret, 173. 
Woodward, Mrs. Mary (Godfrey), 33. 
Woodward, Mary, dau. of John (1681- 

1727), 34, 35. 
Woodward, Mary, dau. of Richard 

(1683-1725), 35, 37-38. 
Woodward, Richard (1683-1725), 33(2), 

Woodward, Richard (1709-17..), 30, 

34 (2), 36-37. 
Woodward, Mrs. Sarah (Stanyarne), 

Woodward, Sarah, 34. 
Woodward, Thomas, Surveyor-General 

of Albemarle, 32. 
Woodward, Thomas (1722-1737), 34. 
Woodward family, genealogy of, 29-41; 

arms of, 26. 
Woodward family of Warwickshire, 

England, 29. 
Woodward plantation in Barbadoes, 33. 
Woolen manufactures, 220 (2) . 
Wragg, Joseph, 51. 

Wragg & Bolton, 217. 

Wright, Richard, 35. 

Wright, Robert, 35. 

Wurmser, Baron de, 127. 

Wyche, Mrs. Alice (Scott), 96. 

Wyche, Ann, 95, 96. 

Wyche, Drewry, 96. 

Wyche, Mary, 98, 104. 

Wyche, Peter, 96. 

Wycoff, Rebecca G., 107, 114. 

Yale College, 40. 

Yates, David Saylor, 101. 

Yeamans, Sir John, 32. 

Yeamans plantation in Barbadoes, 33. 

Year Book, City of Charleston, 30. 

Yellow fever, 110. 

York, Pa., 8, 58, 59, 66, 68, 82, 123, 

125, 126(2), 128, 182, 187. 
York, county, England, 219. 
Yorkville, 116. 

Young, , 167. 

Young, Archibald, 51. 
Young, John, 171. 
Young, Moses, 68. 


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